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Portuguese Ceylon
Portuguese Ceylon
(Portuguese: Ceilão Português, Sinhala: පෘතුගීසි ලංකාව Puruthugisi Lankawa) was the control of the Kingdom of Kotte
Kingdom of Kotte
by the Portuguese Empire, in present-day Sri Lanka, after the country's Crisis of the Sixteenth Century and into the Kandyan period. The Portuguese presence in the island lasted from 1505 to 1658. Their arrival was largely accidental, as they sought control of commerce, rather than territory. Their appearance coincided with the political upheaval of the Wijayaba Kollaya, and they were drawn into the internal politics of the island as they sought to establish control over the lucrative cinnamon trade that originated there. The Portuguese used these internal divisions to their advantage during the Sinhalese–Portuguese War. Direct Portuguese rule inside the island did not begin until after the death of Dharmapala of Kotte, who died without an heir. He bequeathed the Kingdom of Kotte
Kingdom of Kotte
to the Portuguese monarch in 1580.[1] That allowed the Portuguese sufficient claim to the Kingdom of Kotte
Kingdom of Kotte
upon Dharmapala's death in 1597. Portuguese rule began with much resistance by the local population.[2] Eventually, the Kingdom of Kandy
Kingdom of Kandy
sought help from the Dutch Empire
Dutch Empire
in their efforts to rid the island of the Portuguese. The Dutch Empire initially entered into agreement with the Kingdom of Kandy. After the collapse of the Iberian economy in 1627, the Dutch–Portuguese War saw the Dutch conquest of most of Portugal's Asian colonies. Eventually, Portugal's Ceylonese territories were ceded to the Netherlands. Nevertheless, elements of Portuguese culture from this colonial period remain to this day, in Sri Lanka.

Part of a series on the

History of Kandy

Kingdom of Kandy
Kingdom of Kandy
(1469–1815)

Founding Sinhalese–Portuguese War Kandyan Treaty of 1638 Portuguese Ceylon Treaty of Batticaloa Kandyan Wars

Colonial Kandy
Kandy
(1815–1948)

Kandyan Convention Matale Rebellion South East Asia Command

Kandy
Kandy
(1948–present)

Modern Kandy

See also

An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon List of Kandyan monarchs History of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
portal

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Contents

1 History

1.1 Jaffna kingdom–Portuguese War 1.2 Sinhalese–Portuguese War 1.3 Portuguese rule 1.4 Dutch–Portuguese War

2 Administration

2.1 Portuguese Captains (1518–1551) 2.2 Portuguese Captain-majors (1551–1594) 2.3 Portuguese Captain-generals (1594–1658)

3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links

History[edit] The first contact between Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and the Portuguese happened in 1505-6. It was largely accidental and it wasn't until 12 years later that the Portuguese sought to establish a fortified trading settlement.[3] Jaffna kingdom–Portuguese War[edit] Main article: Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna kingdom Sinhalese–Portuguese War[edit] Main article: Sinhalese–Portuguese War Portuguese rule[edit] Direct Portuguese rule began after the death of Dharmapala of Kotte who bequeathed the Kingdom of Kotte
Kingdom of Kotte
to the Portuguese monarch.[4] By 1600 the Portuguese had consolidated the main centers of rebellion, the Kelani and Kalu ganga basins, leaving the border regions to Sinhalese resistance.[5]

Revolts

In the two decades after the establishment of Portuguese rule there were four major revolts:[6]

Kangara arachchi Revolt, 1603 1st Kuruvita rala Revolt, 1603 2nd Kuruvita rala Revolt, 1616–19 Nikapitiye Bandara Revolt, 1616–17

Dutch–Portuguese War[edit] Main article: Dutch–Portuguese War Administration[edit] Portuguese Captains (1518–1551)[edit] Main article: List of Captains of Portuguese Ceylon Portuguese Captain-majors (1551–1594)[edit] Main article: List of Captain-majors of Portuguese Ceylon Portuguese Captain-generals (1594–1658)[edit] Main article: List of Governors of Portuguese Ceylon See also[edit]

Dutch Ceylon British Ceylon

References[edit]

^ De Silva (1981), p. 114 ^ De Silva (1981), p. 100 ^ De Silva (1981), p. 100 ^ De Silva (1981), p. 114 ^ De Silva (1981), p. 115 ^ De Silva (1981), p. 114

Bibliography[edit]

De Silva, K. M. (1981). A History of Sri Lanka. India: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-04320-0.  C. Gaston Pereira, Kandy
Kandy
fights the Portuguese. Sri Lanka: Vijitha Yapa Publications, July 2007. ISBN 978-955-1266-77-6 Channa Wicremasekera, Kandy
Kandy
at War. Sri Lanka: Vijitha Yapa Publications, 2004. ISBN 955-8095-52-4 Michael Roberts, Sinhala Consciousness in the Kandyan Period. Sri Lanka: Vijitha Yapa Publications, 2004. ISBN 955-8095-31-1, Abeysinghe, Tikiri (2005). Jaffna under the Portuguese. Colombo: Stamford Lake. p. 66. ISBN 955-1131-70-1.  Kunarasa, K (2003). The Jaffna Dynasty. Johor Bahru: Dynasty of Jaffna King’s Historical Society. p. 122. ISBN 955-8455-00-8.  Gnanaprakasar, Swamy (2003). A Critical History of Jaffna (review of Yalpana Vaipava Malai). New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 122. ISBN 81-206-1686-3.  Senaka Weeraratna, Repression of Buddhism in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
by the Portuguese (1505–1658)

External links[edit]

Ceylon and the Portuguese, 1505–1658 (1920). Author: Pieris, P. E. (Paulus Edward), 1874-; Naish, Richard Bryant, 1891- Subject: Sri Lanka -- History Portuguese History in Ceylon

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North Africa

15th century

1415–1640 Ceuta

1458–1550 Alcácer Ceguer (El Qsar es Seghir)

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1 Part of São Tomé and Príncipe
Príncipe
from 1753. 2 Or 1600. 3 A factory (Anosy Region) and small temporary coastal bases. 4 Part of Portuguese Guinea
Portuguese Guinea
from 1879. 5 Part of Portuguese Angola
Portuguese Angola
from the 1920s.

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1506–1615 Gamru (Bandar Abbas)

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Indian subcontinent

15th century

1498–1545

Laccadive Islands (Lakshadweep)

16th century Portuguese India

 • 1500–1663 Cochim (Kochi)

 • 1501–1663 Cannanore (Kannur)

 • 1502–1658  1659–1661

Quilon (Coulão / Kollam)

 • 1502–1661 Pallipuram (Cochin de Cima)

 • 1507–1657 Negapatam (Nagapatnam)

 • 1510–1961 Goa

 • 1512–1525  1750

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 • 1523–1662 Mylapore

 • 1528–1666

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 • 1531–1571 Chaul

 • 1531–1571 Chalé

 • 1534–1601 Salsette Island

 • 1534–1661 Bombay (Mumbai)

 • 1535 Ponnani

 • 1535–1739 Baçaím (Vasai-Virar)

 • 1536–1662 Cranganore (Kodungallur)

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 • 1687–1749 Mylapore

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1511–1641 Portuguese Malacca
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1557–1999 Macau [China]

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1642–1975 Portuguese Timor
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 • 1938–1941 Lapa and Montanha (Hengqin)

1 1975 is the year of East Timor's Declaration of Independence and subsequent invasion by Indonesia. In 2002, East Timor's independence was fully recognized.

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