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PORTCHESTER is a locality and suburb 6 km (4 mi) northwest of Portsmouth
Portsmouth
, England
England
. It is part of the borough of Fareham in Hampshire
Hampshire
. Once a small village, Portchester
Portchester
is now a busy part of the expanding conurbation between Portsmouth
Portsmouth
and Southampton
Southampton
on the A27 main thoroughfare. Its population according to the 2001 Census
Census
was approximately 17 000 residents.

CONTENTS

* 1 Name * 2 History

* 3 Amenities

* 3.1 Public open spaces * 3.2 Schools * 3.3 Crematorium

* 4 Sport and leisure * 5 Notable residents

* 6 Transport

* 6.1 Rail * 6.2 Bus services * 6.3 Road

* 7 Sister Cities * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

NAME

Portchester
Portchester
is derived from its former Latin
Latin
name PORTUS ADURNI and the Old English
Old English
suffix ceaster ("fort; fortified town").

HISTORY

Main article: Portus Adurni

The fort of Portus Adurni is considered the best-preserved Roman fort north of the Alps . It is sometimes identified as the Cair Peris listed by the 9th-century History of the Britons as among the 28 cities of Britain . The mediaeval Portchester Castle
Portchester Castle
was built within the Roman fort.

AMENITIES

As well as the castle, its parish church St Mary's is listed as a Grade I protected building. There are also many historic houses in Castle Street. This suburb is well placed for waterfront leisure activities, only a short distance from the UK's 3rd-largest marina at Port Solent
Port Solent
, from the historic city of Portsmouth
Portsmouth
, and from the market town of Fareham .

PUBLIC OPEN SPACES

* Portchester Castle
Portchester Castle
* Portsdown Hill - Including Portchester
Portchester
Common a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) * Wicor Recreation Ground - Home to A.F.C. Portchester and Wicor Skate Park.

SCHOOLS

* Portchester Community School , a mixed comprehensive community school for 11- to 16-year-olds. * Wicor Primary School * Northern Infant School * Northern Junior School * Red Barn Primary School * Castle Primary School

CREMATORIUM

Opened in 1958, it is on the lower slopes of Portsdown Hill. It is owned by a Joint Committee representing the City of Portsmouth
Portsmouth
and the Boroughs of Fareham, Havant and Gosport. It has two chapels, the North (added 1969) and South (original). Those cremated there include two World War I
World War I
Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
recipients, Norman Augustus Finch and James Ockendon who both died in 1966.

SPORT AND LEISURE

Portchester
Portchester
has a Non-League football club A.F.C. Portchester , which plays at Wicor Recreation Ground.

NOTABLE RESIDENTS

* Neil Astley , publisher and founding editor of Bloodaxe Books, born in Portchester * Emily Farmer , watercolour painter * Neil Gaiman , author, born in Portchester
Portchester
* Steve Ridgway , Chief Executive, Virgin Atlantic Airways * Mike Hancock , former MP for Portsmouth
Portsmouth
South and former Councillor for Fratton ward, has lived here for over 30 years

TRANSPORT

RAIL

Portchester railway station is managed and operated by South Western Railway with frequent Southern Railway services. Services run along the coast to Southampton
Southampton
, Fareham , Portsmouth
Portsmouth
, Havant , Chichester and Brighton
Brighton
. London services to London Waterloo
London Waterloo
(via Fareham) and London Victoria
London Victoria
(via Barnham) also stop at the station.

BUS SERVICES

First Hampshire
Hampshire
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* ^ "Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 January 2016. * ^ Goodall, John (2008) , Portchester
Portchester
Castle, London: English Heritage , p. 3, ISBN 978-1-84802-007-8 * ^ Nennius (attrib.). Theodor Mommsen (ed.). Historia Brittonum, VI. Composed after AD 830. (in Latin) Hosted at Latin
Latin
Wikisource. * ^ Ford, David Nash. "The 28 Cities of Britain" at Britannia. 2000. * ^ Newman, John Henry & al. Lives of the English Saints: St. German, Bishop of Auxerre, Ch. X: "Britain in 429, A. D.", p. 92. James Toovey (London), 1844. * ^ St Mary\'s Portchester. * ^ "CHURCH OF ST MARY - 1339235 Historic England". list.english-heritage.org.uk. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "News: Breaking stories & updates". Sunday Telegraph. telegraph.co.uk (2,409). 12 August 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ " Portchester
Portchester
Common". fareham.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ http://www.fareham.gov.uk/leisure/sport_and_fitness/recgrounds.aspx * ^ "Wicor Skate Park". fareham.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "Wicor Primary School: Home". wicor.hants.sch.uk. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "Northern Infant School". northern-inf.hants.sch.uk. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "Northern Junior School". northern-jun.hants.sch.uk. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "Home - Red Barn Community Primary School". redbarnprimaryschool.co.uk. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "Home Castle Primary School". castleprimaryschool.co.uk. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "Crematorium website". portchestercrematorium.org. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "Burial locations of VC holders in Hampshire". victoriacross.org. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ B. S. Long, "Farmer, Emily (1826–1905)", rev. Charlotte Yeldham, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 8 Aug 2007 * ^ What\'s fame got to do with it?, Frances Atkinson, The Age, 24 July 2005 * ^ Flood, Alison. " Neil Gaiman novel inspires Portsmouth
Portsmouth
street name". theguardian. the guardian. Retrieved 30 April 2015.

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