The word "portal" in science fiction and fantasy generally refers to a technological or magical doorway that connects two distant locations separated by spacetime . It usually consists of two or more gateways, with an object entering one gateway leaving via the other instantaneously.
Places linked by a portal include a different spot in the same universe (in which case it might be an alternative for teleportation ); a parallel world (inter-dimensional portal); the past or the future (time portal ); and other planes of existence, such as heaven , hell or other afterworlds . A parallel world, such as C. S. Lewis 's Wood between the Worlds in his Chronicles of Narnia, may exist solely to contain multiple portals, perhaps to every parallel world in existence.
Portals are similar to the cosmological concept of a wormhole , and some portals work using wormholes.
* 1 Use
* 1.1 Film and television * 1.2 Literature * 1.3 Games
* 2 See also * 3 References
A "jumpgate " of the X Universe , part of a space-travel network. A "Rift Gate" of the Video Game Primal used for transport between different realms of Oblivion
Portals are often used in science fiction to move protagonists into new territory. In video games the concept is often used to allow the player to cover territory that has already been explored very quickly. A related book plot that is commonly used is the struggle to get to the opposite end of a new gate for the first time, before it can be used.
FILM AND TELEVISION
In film and television, a portal is often portrayed using a ripple effect.
* STAR TREK: THE ORIGINAL SERIES: One of the earliest examples is
Guardian of Forever , in
Other examples of portals include:
* BUCK ROGERS IN THE 25TH CENTURY (TV SERIES): Portals appeared in
the series Buck Rogers in the 25th Century (1979–1981), where
interstellar travel was facilitated by a network of portals.
* COWBOY BEBOP: In the anime
Cowboy Bebop , hyperspace gates allow
for faster—though not instantaneous—travel between the planets and
colonies of our solar system.
* DONNIE DARKO: In the movie
Donnie Darko a portal appears on a
cinema screen. A fictional book within the film (Philosophy of Time
Travel) serves as the basis for fan theories about time travel ,
parallel universes and portals.
* DORAEMON: A more lighthearted use of portals can be found in the
Japanese comic and anime series
Doraemon , where the Anywhere Door is
used to travel from any point to another. This door looks like and
operates like an ordinary household door.
* THE FINAL COUNTDOWN (FILM): In the movie The Final Countdown , the
aircraft carrier USS Nimitz is transported via a portal to 1941, where
its Captain must decide whether to intervene in the Pearl Harbor
* HE-MAN AND THE MASTERS OF THE UNIVERSE: In the cartoon series
He-Man and the Masters of the Universe and She-Ra: Princess of Power
the characters are able to travel through time and space by using
magic space portals and time corridors. They can be used by characters
with magic abilities, and are usually of a yellow colour. Sometimes
they can have a pink or purple appearance. In some instances a portal
allows travel from one place to another in just a few moments. In
other cases (the She-Ra-Episode "Darksmoke and Fire"), the user
travels through a separate dimension and can change his destination en
* GARGOYLES: Two types of portal existed in Disney's mid-1990s
Gargoyles animated fantasy adventure series; one was usable from any
body of water while in a boat of any size, and took the traveler(s) to
the series' depiction of the enchanted island of Avalon through the
reciting of the Latin-language "Avalon spell", while the other was
through the use of the fictional, enchanted "Phoenix Gate" artifact,
which took the traveler(s) to any time and place that the person that
held the device was thinking of when they recited a different
Latin-language spell to activate the artifact's occult powers.
* HOWL\'S MOVING CASTLE: In the Hayao Miyazaki film Howl\'s Moving
Castle , based on the novel by Diana Wynne Jones, Howl's castle has a
door with a four color dial above it, and each color setting causes a
different location to appear on the other side of the door, only one
of which is immediately outside the castle.
* JACKIE CHAN ADVENTURES: In the cartoon series Jackie Chan
Adventures , eight demons were sealed away using portals to trap each
of them in a different realm. The portals could be opened again. The
demons were released but later recaptured and returned in the
netherworld. A spell was used on each portal to seal it forever,
ensuring that the demons could never escape again.
* JAK AND DAXTER: "Warp gates" in
Jak and Daxter are rings enclosing
a rippling blue substance used for transportation.
* LOST IN SPACE (FILM): The 1998 film Lost in Space featured a
space-bound hypergate system. The premise of the film is that the
Robinson family will pilot a spaceship to
Alpha Centauri to construct
a receiving hypergate, allowing instantaneous travel between
Stephen Robinett's book Stargate (1976) revolves around the corporate side of building extra-dimensional and/or transportational stargates. In the novel, the stargate is given the name Jenson Gate, after the fictional company that builds it. Andre Norton 's 1958 novel Star Gate may have been the first to use that term for such portals. The plot of Robert A. Heinlein\'s Tunnel in the Sky (1955) uses a portal. Raymond Jones' Man of Two Worlds (aka Renaissance) (1944) employs a portal that turns out to be a fraud.
The Shi\'ar , an extraterrestrial race introduced by
In the His Dark Materials trilogy, Philip Pullman has characters use the 'subtle knife ' to carve a doorway from one world to another. CJ Cherryh 's Morgaine series see the main characters travelling via 'gates' from world to world, closing them as they go.
Since the introduction of the stargate on the big screen other
authors have referenced the stargate device. Authors
Lynn Picknett and
Clive Prince also write of The
Stargate Conspiracy: The Truth About
Extraterrestrial Life and the Mysteries of Ancient Egypt. The book
details an alternative theory links the term stargate with Egypt's
past: Either the pyramid itself is a gateway to the stars (because of
the shafts pointing to a star) or a construction of
See also: Warp (gaming) The basic concept of the portal as a link to another point in space, within the same universe. Going through the blue portal from a height induces momentum when exiting the orange portal.
Stargate-like devices, referred to as warp zones , are abundant in
video games , as they can be used to split a game neatly into levels .
The video games Primal and
Turok the Dinosaur Hunter feature gateways
allowing instantaneous travel between locations to this effect. In
Metroid Prime 2: Echoes , a number of ring-shaped dimensional portals
allow the main character to travel between Light and Dark versions of
the planet Aether. In the game
In "Bioshock Infinite ", Elizabeth is able to open up portals ("Tears") from another period of time either future or past, in an alternate dimension of their world.
In the Half Life franchise, Combine forces use portals to travel to
In Command and Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars , the alien race Scrin uses portals to transport their armies onto and across the battlefields. The description of their Gravity Stabilizer states that the structure compensates for Earth's intense gravity and magnetic field, "allowing Alien spacecraft to execute short-range teleportation jumps directly to the battlefield".
Portals are common in MMORPGs . In RuneScape , portals can be used domestically. Players can install portal chambers in their houses that link to different cities in the world, allowing free transport to these places for both them and any visitors to their houses. In World of Warcraft , mages can summon portals that can teleport the mages and their group members to various cities.
In the augmented reality game Ingress portals are placed at sculptures, statues, and other public art , unique businesses, and historically and architecturally significant buildings and the like, but serve as nodes in the game mechanics (see graph theory ) without any transportation function.
In the game Minecraft created by Markus Persson and Jens Bergensten, it is possible to build a portal to an alternate hell-like dimension called "The Nether". It is accessed by making a frame of obsidian blocks, with a 3×2 rectangle in the centre, then setting it on fire using any object that can make fire. When lit, the frame will be filled with blocks resembling whirlpools. A player standing in the portal long enough will be transported to "The Nether," which consists of caves, lava, fortresses, mushrooms, neutral zombie pigmen, magma-slime creatures, tall black "wither skeletons", and fire shooting "ghasts" and "blazes". Another kind of portal in "Minecraft" is the End Portal, which is a rare portal found only 3 times throughout the world. The players use "Eyes of Ender" to find the End Portal, and places one Eye of Ender in each frame block (if not already there). When completed and entered, the player will go the "End", filled with mobs called "Enderman". The only way out of the End is to either get killed or kill the Ender Dragon, which opens a portal back to the Overworld.
The role of a portal serves the tunnel network of GLA in the game Command and Conquer Generals . This is a building that can garrison some units. These units can exit from every tunnel network of their base without any relay. It is supposed that they travel underground with relatively high velocities, but they seem to be teleported.
* ^ "Donnie Darko: Script From Donnie Darko". donniedarko.org.uk.
* ^ "Donnie Darko: Movie Explanation - A Detailed Explanation of
What Happens in Donnie Darko". donniedarko.org.uk.
* ^ Station 8\'s Gargoyles Site - Ask Greg Archives about the
* ^ Station 8\'s Gargoyles Site - Ask Greg Archives about the
* ^ "Stargate". stargate-sg1-solutions.com.
* ^ Robinett, Stephen (1976). Stargate. Signet. ISBN
* ^ Jones, Raymond F. Man of Two Worlds, Street and Smith
Publications, Inc., 1944. ISBN 978-1-4344-6691-4
* ^ "Construction -