The horses anatomy enables them to make use of speed to escape predators and they have a well-developed sense of balance and a strong fight-or-flight instinct. Related to this need to flee from predators in the wild is an unusual trait: horses are able to sleep both standing up and lying down. Horses and humans interact in many ways, including a wide variety of sport competitions, non-competitive recreational pursuits and working activities. A wide variety of riding and driving techniques have been developed, using many different styles of equipment and methods of control. Many products are derived from horses, including meat, milk, hide, hair, bone, and pharmaceuticals extracted from the urine of pregnant mares.
The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC) is a nonprofit organization focused on preserving and promoting genetic diversity among rare breeds of livestock. Founded in 1977, the ALBC was the pioneer livestock preservation organization in the United States. It has since initiated programs that have saved multiple breeds from extinction and works closely with similar organizations in other countries, including the British Rare Breeds Survival Trust. The ALBC has published several books on rare breed livestock and maintains a classified advertisement system for rare breed enthusiasts.
, also known as the Avelignese, is a breed of horse
developed in Austria
and northern Italy
during the late 1800s. There are several theories as to this breed's origin, but its current conformation
and appearance are the result of infusions of Arabian
and various European
breeds' blood into the original native Tyrolean
ponies. Haflinger horses are relatively small, are always chestnut
in color, and have distinctive gaits
described as energetic but smooth. The breed is well-muscled, but with an elegant appearance. Haflingers have many uses, including light draft
work as well as various under-saddle disciplines such as endurance riding
, equestrian vaulting
and therapeutic riding
programs. The World Haflinger Federation (WHF) is the international governing body that controls breed standards for the Haflinger. The WHF is made up of a confederation of 22 national registries, and helps to set breeding objectives, guidelines and rules for its member organizations.