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The Port
Port
of Los Angeles, also called America's Port, is a port complex that occupies 7,500 acres (3,000 ha) of land and water along 43 miles (69 km) of waterfront and adjoins the separate Port
Port
of Long Beach. The port is located in San Pedro Bay in the San Pedro and Wilmington neighborhoods of Los Angeles, approximately 20 miles (32 km) south of downtown. A department of the City of Los Angeles, the Port
Port
of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
supports employment for 517,000 people throughout the LA County Region and 1.6 million worldwide. The cargo coming into the port represents approximately 20% of all cargo coming into the United States.[3] The Port's Channel Depth is 53 feet (16 m). The port has 27 cargo terminals, 86 container cranes, 8 container terminals, and 113 miles (182 km) of on-dock rail. The LA Port
Port
imports furniture, footwear, electronics, automobile parts, and plastics. The Port
Port
exports wastepaper, pet and animal feed, scrap metal, fabrics, and soybeans.[citation needed] The port's major trading partners are China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam.[4][5][6] For public safety, the Port
Port
of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
utilizes the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Port
Port
Police for police service in the port and to its local communities, the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Fire Department (LAFD) to provide fire and EMS services to the port and its local communities, the U.S. Coast Guard for water way security at the port, Homeland Security to protect federal land at the port, the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County Lifeguards to provide lifeguard services for open water outside the harbor while Los Angeles City Recreation & Parks Department lifeguards patrol the inner Cabrillo Beach.

Contents

1 History 2 Port
Port
district 3 Shipping 4 World Cruise Center 5 LA Waterfront

5.1 Waterfront Red Car
Waterfront Red Car
Line

6 Environment 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

History[edit]

The L.A. Harbor, 1899

Port
Port
of Los Angeles, 1913

Port
Port
of Los Angeles

In 1542, Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo discovered the "Bay of Smokes."[7] The south-facing San Pedro Bay was originally a shallow mudflat, too soft to support a wharf. Visiting ships had two choices: stay far out at anchor and have their goods and passengers ferried to shore, or beach themselves. That sticky process is described in Two Years Before the Mast by Richard Henry Dana, Jr., who was a crew member on an 1834 voyage that visited San Pedro Bay. Phineas Banning
Phineas Banning
greatly improved shipping when he dredged the channel to Wilmington in 1871 to a depth of 10 feet (3.0 m). The port handled 50,000 tons of shipping that year. Banning owned a stagecoach line with routes connecting San Pedro to Salt Lake City, Utah, and Yuma, Arizona, and in 1868 he built a railroad to connect San Pedro Bay to Los Angeles, the first in the area.

View of Port
Port
of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
, Long Beach and Orange county from Palos Verdes

After Banning's death in 1885, his sons pursued their interests in promoting the port, which handled 500,000 tons of shipping in that year. The Southern Pacific Railroad
Southern Pacific Railroad
and Collis P. Huntington
Collis P. Huntington
wanted to create Port
Port
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
at Santa Monica
Santa Monica
and built the Long Wharf
Wharf
there in 1893. However, the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times publisher Harrison Gray Otis and U.S. Senator
U.S. Senator
Stephen White pushed for federal support of the Port of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
at San Pedro Bay. The Free Harbor Fight was settled when San Pedro was endorsed in 1897 by a commission headed by Rear Admiral John C. Walker
John C. Walker
(who later went on to become the chair of the Isthmian Canal Commission in 1904). With U.S. government support, breakwater construction began in 1899, and the area was annexed to Los Angeles in 1909. The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Board of Harbor Commissioners was founded in 1907. In 1912 the Southern Pacific Railroad
Southern Pacific Railroad
completed its first major wharf at the port. During the 1920s, the port surpassed San Francisco as the West Coast's busiest seaport. In the early 1930s, a massive expansion of the port was undertaken with the construction of a breakwater three miles out and over two miles in length. In addition to the construction of this outer breakwater, an inner breakwater was built off Terminal Island
Terminal Island
with docks for seagoing ships and smaller docks built at Long Beach.[8] It was this improved harbor that hosted the sailing events for the 1932 Summer Olympics.[9] During World War II, the port was primarily used for shipbuilding, employing more than 90,000 people. In 1959, Matson Navigation Company's Hawaiian Merchant delivered 20 containers to the port, beginning the port's shift to containerization.[10] The opening of the Vincent Thomas Bridge
Vincent Thomas Bridge
in 1963 greatly improved access to Terminal Island
Terminal Island
and allowed increased traffic and further expansion of the port. In 1985, the port handled one million containers in a year for the first time.[7] In 2000, the Pier 400 Dredging and Landfill Program, the largest such project in America, was completed.[7][11] By 2013, more than half a million containers were moving through the Port
Port
every month.[12] Port
Port
district[edit]

USGS Satellite picture of a portion of the Port
Port
of Los Angeles, including Pier 400, Reservation Point, and port facilities in San Pedro, March 29, 2004

The port district is an independent, self-supporting department of the government of the City of Los Angeles. The port is under the control of a five-member Board of Harbor Commissioners appointed by the mayor and approved by the city council, and is administered by an executive director. The port maintains an AA bond rating,[13] the highest rating attainable for self-funded ports. The port has about a dozen pilots, including two chiefs. Pilots have specialized knowledge of the harbor and San Pedro Bay. They meet the ships waiting to enter the harbor and provide advice as the vessel is steered through the congested waterway to the dock.[14] Shipping[edit] The port's container volume was 9.3 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) in calendar year 2017, a 5.5% increase over 2016's record-breaking year of 8.8 million TEU. It's the most cargo moved annually by a Western Hemisphere port. The port is the busiest port in the United States
United States
by container volume, the 19th-busiest container port in the world, and the 10th-busiest worldwide when combined with the neighboring Port
Port
of Long Beach. The port is also the number-one freight gateway in the United States
United States
when ranked by the value of shipments passing through it.[15] The port's top trading partners in 2016 were:

China/ Hong Kong
Hong Kong
($137 billion) Japan
Japan
($39 billion) Vietnam
Vietnam
($15 billion) South Korea
South Korea
($15 billion) Taiwan
Taiwan
($12 billion)

The most-imported types of goods in the 2016 calendar year were, in order: furniture, automobile parts, apparel, electronic products, and plastics. During the 2002 West Coast port labor lockout, the port had a large backlog of ships waiting to be unloaded at any given time. Many analysts believe that the port's traffic may have exceeded its physical capacity as well as the capacity of local freeway and railroad systems. The chronic congestion at the port caused ripple effects throughout the American economy, such as disrupting just-in-time inventory practices at many companies. The port is served by the Pacific Harbor Line
Pacific Harbor Line
(PHL) railroad. From the PHL, intermodal railroad cars go north to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
via the Alameda Corridor. In 2011, no American port could handle ships of the PS-class Emma Mærsk and the future Maersk Triple E class
Maersk Triple E class
size,[16] the latter of which needs cranes reaching 23 rows.[17] In 2012, the port and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers deepened the port's main navigational channel to 53 feet, which is deep enough to accommodate the draft of the world's biggest container ships.[18][19] However, Maersk had no plans in 2014 to bring those ships to America.[20]

CMA CGM Benjamin Franklin, the largest ship to dock at Port
Port
of Los Angeles

World Cruise Center[edit]

Norwegian Star
Norwegian Star
at the World Cruise Center.

China
China
Shipping Alternative Maritime Power, Catalina Express high speed catamaran, and Diamond Princess docked at the World Cruise Center near the Vincent Thomas Bridge.

The Port's World Cruise Center, located in the San Pedro District beneath the Vincent Thomas Bridge, has three passenger ship berths[21] transporting over 1 million passengers annually, making it the largest cruise ship terminal on the West Coast of the United States[citation needed]. It is linked to the waterfront attractions USS Iowa Museum and Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Maritime Museum by a pedestrian promenade, as well as the Cabrillo Marine Aquarium
Cabrillo Marine Aquarium
and other San Pedro attractions by the Waterfront Red Car
Waterfront Red Car
trolley/shuttle[citation needed]. The Queen Mary 2
Queen Mary 2
is the largest cruise ship ever to sail from Los Angeles.[citation needed] LA Waterfront[edit] The LA Waterfront[22] is a visitor-serving destination in the city of Los Angeles, funded and maintained by the Port
Port
of Los Angeles. In 2009, the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Harbor Commission approved the San Pedro Waterfront and Wilmington Waterfront development programs, under the LA Waterfront umbrella. The LA Waterfront consists of a series of waterfront development and community enhancement projects covering more than 400 acres of existing Port
Port
of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
property in both San Pedro and Wilmington. With miles of public promenade and walking paths, acres of open space and scenic views, the LA Waterfront attracts thousands of visitors annually. Remodel and reconstruction was approved by the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
City Council. Development is set to be completed in 2020. Construction is expected to begin in 2017 at a partial project cost of $90 million, paid by the developer. The San Pedro Public Market is expected to open in 2020, with demolition beginning as early as November 2016.[23] Waterfront Red Car
Waterfront Red Car
Line[edit] Main article: Waterfront Red Car The Port
Port
of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Waterfront Red Car
Waterfront Red Car
Line is a 1.5-mile vintage trolley line for public transit along the waterfront in San Pedro.[24] It uses vintage and restored Pacific Electric Red Cars to connect the World Cruise Center, Downtown San Pedro, Ports O' Call Village, and the San Pedro Marina.[24] [25][26] Environment[edit] The $2.8 million San Pedro Bay Ports Clean Air Action Program (CAAP) initiative was implemented by the Board of Harbor Commissioners in October 2002 for terminal and ship operations programs targeted at reducing polluting emissions from vessels and cargo handling equipment[citation needed]. To accelerate implementation of emission reductions through the use of new and cleaner-burning equipment, the port has allocated more than $52 million in additional funding for the CAAP through 2008. As of May, 2016, the Lost Angeles Port
Port
has already surpassed its initial 2023 emission goals 8 years ahead of predicted time frame. The dramatic success to reduce emissions has seen a decrease in diesel particulate matter reduce 85%, sulfur oxides by 97%, and nitrogen oxide by 52% so far. The CAAP program was updated to 3.0 after this environmental successes of the initiatives. With the recent ramification of environment goals the updates will look to reduce the emissions through efficient supply chain optimization. There has also been recent developments to increase port technologies advancement to promote the development of efficient and green port technologies. The CAAP also looks to be the lead role caretaker of fostering and improving the wildlife and ecosystem of the port.[27] The port installed the first Alternative Maritime Power
Alternative Maritime Power
(AMP) berth in 2004 and can provide up to 40 MW of grid power to two cruise ships simultaneously at both 6.6 kV and 11 kV, as well as three container terminals, reducing pollution from ship engines.[28] In an effort to buffer the nearby community of Wilmington from the port, in June 2011 the Wilmington Waterfront Park was opened.[29][30] See also[edit]

Greater Los Angeles
Los Angeles
portal Nautical portal

Port
Port
of Long Beach Kenneth Hahn, youngest pilot in the history of the Port SS Sansinena
SS Sansinena
Berth 46 incident SS Lane Victory
SS Lane Victory
a working museum ship USS Iowa Museum
USS Iowa Museum
(the former USS Iowa), a World War II
World War II
era battleship that permanently docked at Berth 87 since June 2012 as a museum ship. Port
Port
of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Long Wharf
Wharf
Santa Monica Ports O' Call Village Todd Pacific Shipyards, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Division, a Port
Port
of Los Angeles shipyard from 1917 to 1989. United States
United States
container ports

References[edit]

^ " Port
Port
of Los Angeles". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-15.  ^ Lopez, Ricardo (11 June 2014) "Gene Seroka named Port
Port
of Los Angeles executive director" Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times ^ Kitroeff, Natalie (April 27, 2016). "Competitors are eating into L.A. ports' dominance". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved 22 May 2017.  ^ "World Port
Port
Rankings - 2005" Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. - Port
Port
Industry Statistics - American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) - Updated May 1, 2007 - (Microsoft Excel*.XLS document) ^ "North American Port
Port
Container Traffic - 2006" Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine. - Port
Port
Industry Statistics - American Association of Port
Port
Authorities (AAPA) - Updated May 14, 2007 - (Adobe Acrobat*.PDF document) ^ FAQ # 22 Archived 2010-06-13 at the Wayback Machine. at the Port
Port
of Los Angeles.org ^ a b c Sowinski, L., Portrait of a Port, World Trade Magazine, February 2007, p. 32 ^ "Big Harbor Three Miles At Sea" Popular Science, December 1931, illustration of harbor and port improvements ^ 1932 Summer Olympics
1932 Summer Olympics
official report. pp. 76, 78, 585. ^ Cuevas, Antonio (2007-12-09). "Seaport's Legacy Drives Its Future". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. pp. U6.  ^ [1] Archived September 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Chinn, Kay (15 October 2013). "L.A. Port
Port
Numbers Down From Last Year". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Business Journal. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ "Fitch Rates Port
Port
of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Harbor, CA's Rev Bonds 'AA'; Outlook Stable" (Press release). Fitch Ratings. 13 August 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.  ^ Dolan, Jack; Pringle, Paul (June 11, 2016). "How one of L.A.'s highest-paying jobs went to the boss' son". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved 11 June 2016.  ^ "Top 25 U.S. Freight Gateways, Ranked by Value of Shipments: 2008". U.S. Department of Transportation. 2009.  ^ Frank Pope. "Bigger, cleaner, slower – the new giants of the seas" Mirror&Archive The Times, February 22, 2011. Accessed: 6 December 2013. ^ http://www.longshoreshippingnews.com/2013/12/apm-rotterdam-retrofitting-cranes-for-more-eee-calls/ ^ "ABS Record: Emma Maersk". American Bureau of Shipping. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2010.  ^ "Largest container ship will be 16% larger and 20% less CO2and 35% more fuel efficient". Next Big Future. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2011.  ^ Karen Robes Meeks. Ports of Long Beach, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
invest millions to accommodate ships, 2014 ^ "Cruise Passenger and Ferry Terminals". The Port
Port
of Los Angeles. Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ LA Waterfront website ^ "PUBLIC ACCESS INVESTMENT PLAN" (PDF). PortofLosAngeles.com. Retrieved 7 May 2015.  ^ a b Port
Port
of Los Angeles.org: Official Waterfront Red Car
Waterfront Red Car
Line website ^ SanPedro.com: POLA Waterfront Red Car
Waterfront Red Car
Line - with map ^ RailwayPreservation.com: Port
Port
of LA Waterfront Red Car
Waterfront Red Car
Line ^ "02 May Port
Port
of Los Angeles: Global Model for Sustainability & Environmental Initiatives". CFR Rinkens. CFR Rinkens. Retrieved 28 June 2016.  ^ Philips, Peter. Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Port
Port
Now Providing Shore-Side Power to Three Cruise Lines Pacific Maritime, 1 March 2011. Accessed: 1 October 2011. ^ "Wilmington Waterfront Park". Port
Port
of Los Angeles. Retrieved 9 August 2012.  ^ Landers, Jay (July 2011). " Los Angeles
Los Angeles
creates park to provide buffer between port, community". Civil Engineering Magazine: 27–30. 

Further reading[edit]

Vickery, Oliver (1979). Harbor heritage: tales of the harbor area of Los Angeles, California. Mountain View, Calif.: Morgan Press/Farag. ISBN 978-0-89430-036-3. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Port
Port
of Los Angeles.

Official website Panoramic photographs of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Harbor, taken in 1908 and 1926, The Bancroft Library

Places adjacent to Port
Port
of Los Angeles

Harbor City, Los Angeles Wilmington, Los Angeles Long Beach

San Pedro

Port
Port
of Los Angeles, Terminal Island

Port
Port
of Long Beach

San Pedro Pacific Ocean Santa Catalina Island Pacific Ocean

v t e

Harbor Area, Los Angeles

Districts and neighborhoods

Harbor City Harbor Gateway San Pedro Terminal Island Wilmington

Points of interest

Cabrillo Marine Aquarium Fort MacArthur Korean Bell of Friendship Port
Port
of Los Angeles Vincent Thomas Bridge

Neighboring cities and communities

Carson Lomita Long Beach Rancho Palos Verdes Rolling Hills Rolling Hills Estates Torrance

LA Regions Crescenta Valley Downtown Eastside Harbor Area Greater Hollywood Northeast LA Northwest LA San Fernando Valley South LA Westside Wilshire

Mid-City West Mid-Wilshire

v t e

Ports of California
California

Panamax
Panamax
ports

Long Beach Los Angeles Oakland Richmond San Diego San Francisco Stockton

Non-panamax ports

Port
Port
of Humboldt Bay Port
Port
of Hueneme Redwood City Sacramento

Canals

Sacramento Deep Water Ship Channel

Alternate West Coast Seaports

Ensenada Colonet (planned) Lázaro Cárdenas Portland Seattle Tacoma Port
Port
Metro Vancouver Port
Port
of Prince Rupert

West Coast LNG Terminals

Costa Azul LNG

Category Economy Communications

v t e

San Pedro, Los Angeles

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Unified School District

San Pedro High School

Other education

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Community College District Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Public Library

Other

Landmarks

James H. Dodson Residence Fort MacArthur

Korean Bell of Friendship

Harbor View House Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Maritime Museum

Ralph J. Scott San Pedro Municipal Ferry Building USS Los Angeles
Los Angeles
(CA-135)

Municipal Warehouse No. 1 Old St. Peter's Episcopal Church Point Fermin Light Port
Port
of Los Angeles

American Trona Corporation Building Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Harbor Light USS Iowa Museum/USS Iowa (BB-61)

Red Men Hall SS Lane Victory Timm's Point and Landing Vincent Thomas Bridge United States
United States
Post Office Warner Grand Theatre Waterfront Red Car

This list is incomplete.

v t e

Wilmington, Los Angeles

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Unified School District

Phineas Banning
Phineas Banning
High School

Other education

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Community College District

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Harbor College

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Public Library

Wilmington Branch

Other

Landmarks

Banning House Drum Barracks

Powder Magazine

Memory Chapel Port
Port
of Los Angeles Saint John's Episcopal Church

This list is incomplete.

v t e

Government of Los Angeles

City Hall

City Council

District 1 District 2 District 3 District 4 District 5 District 6 District 7 District 8 District 9 District 10 District 11 District 12 District 13 District 14 District 15

Departments

Emergency Preparedness Fire General Services Police (LAGSPD) Housing Libraries Police (LAPD) Recreation and Parks Port Transportation Water and Power Los Angeles
Los Angeles
World Airports (LAWA)

Elections

General

2009 2011

Mayoral

1896 1898 1900 1902 1904 1906 1909 (M) 1909 (N) 1911 1913 1915 1917 1919 1921 1923 1925 1929 1933 1937 1938 1941 1945 1949 1953 1957 1961 1965 1969 1973 1977 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 2013 2017

City attorney

2009

Officials

Elected

Mayor City Attorney City Controller

Appointed

City Clerk Public Defender City Administrative Officer (CAO) Director of Finance City Treasurer Chief Legislative Analyst (CLA) Chief Technology Officer Chief Data Officer Deputies to Elected Officials

School Districts

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Unified School District Las Virgenes Unified School District

v t e

City of Los Angeles

Topics

History

Timeline

Transportation Culture Landmarks Historic sites Skyscrapers Demographics Crime Sports Media Music Notable people Lists

Government

Flag Mayors City Council (President) Other elected officials Airport DWP Fire Department Police Public schools Libraries Port Transportation

LA Regions Crescenta Valley Downtown Eastside Harbor Area Greater Hollywood Northeast LA Northwest LA San Fernando Valley South LA Westside Wilshire

Mid-City West Mid-Wilshire

v t e

Venues of the 1932 Summer Olympics

160th Regiment State Armory Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Harbor Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Police Pistol Range Olympic Auditorium Long Beach Marine Stadium Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Avenue Olympic Stadium Pacific Coast Highway Riverside Drive at Griffith Park Riviera Country Club Rose Bowl in Pasadena Sunset Fields Golf Club Swimming Stadium Vineyard Avenue Westchester

v t e

Olympic venues in sailing

1900: Meulan, Le Havre 1908: Ryde, Hunters Quay 1912: Nynäshamn 1920: Ostend, Buiten Y 1924: Le Havre, Meulan 1928: Buiten Y, Zuiderzee 1932: Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Harbor 1936: Kiel Bay 1948: Torbay 1952: Harmaja, Liuskasaari 1956: Port
Port
Phillip 1960: Gulf of Naples 1964: Enoshima 1968: Club de Yates de Acapulco 1972: Bay of Kiel 1976: Portsmouth Olympic Harbour 1980: Olympic Regatta in Tallinn 1984: Long Beach Shoreline Marina 1988: Busan Yachting Center 1992: Olympic Harbour 1996: Wassaw Sound 2000: Rushcutters Bay 2004: Agios Kosmas Olympic Sailing Centre 2008: Qingdao International Sailing Centre 2012: Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy 2016: Marina da Glória 2020: Enoshima 2024: Old Port
Port
of Marseille 2028: Belmont Vete

.