* 1 History * 2 The port today * 3 References * 4 External links
There has been a port on the Tyne at least since the Romans used
their settlement of
Arbeia to supply the garrison of Hadrian\'s Wall .
Around 1200, stone-faced, clay-filled jetties were starting to project
into the river in Newcastle , an indication that trade was increasing.
As the Roman roads continued to deteriorate, sea travel was gaining in
importance. By 1275 Newcastle was the sixth largest wool-exporting
port in England. The principal exports at this time were wool , timber
, coal , millstones , dairy produce, fish, salt , and hides. Much of
the developing trade was with the Baltic countries and
From 1600 the growth in the export of coal brought prosperity to Newcastle. Until the 19th century the port was the responsibility of the City of Newcastle , but navigation became difficult, and in 1850 the TYNE IMPROVEMENT COMMISSION was established to better maintain the port and river. In 1881 they published a review of their achievements. A major force through this period were the Keelmen .
The TIC deepened the river to 9.83 metres, and built the North and
South Piers, and the Northumberland, Tyne and Albert Edward Docks. In
1928 the TIC opened the Tyne Commission Quay at
North Shields , now
known as the Northumbrian Quay, to handle mail and cargo trade with
In 1968 the TIC was dissolved and replaced by the Port of Tyne Authority. Since then, with the decline in the coal industry, the port has switched to the export of cars manufactured in the northeast of England.
THE PORT TODAY
The Port of Tyne is the navigation authority for the tidal reaches of the River Tyne, from the mouth to the Tidal Stone at Wylam , a distance of 17 miles. It also has jurisdiction for one mile past the roundheads at the piers at the river mouth .
The port handles conventional and bulk cargoes at the Riverside Quay. There are two car terminals, one on either side of the river, a cruise terminal at Northumbrian Quay on the north side, and a ferry terminal at North Shi