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Pop punk
Pop punk
(also known as punk-pop) is a music genre that fuses elements of punk rock and pop music. It typically combines fast tempos, loud and distorted electric guitars, and power chord changes with pop-influenced melodies, vocal styles and, on occasion, relatively simple and lighthearted lyrical themes including boredom and teenage romance. Pop-influenced punk rock bands, including the Ramones, the Buzzcocks, the Dickies, the Undertones, and the Adicts, emerged in the mid-1970s with a music style that was stylistically similar to power pop. By the late 1970s to mid-1980s, several bands had fused pop melodies with hardcore punk to create a newer, faster pop punk sound, including Dag Nasty, Bad Religion, the Nip Drivers, TSOL, Hüsker Dü, M.I.A, the Zero Boys, Social Distortion, the Adolescents, and the Descendents. Pop punk
Pop punk
in the United States
United States
began to grow in popularity in the mid-to-late 1980s, especially in California where independent record labels (most notably Lookout Records) adopted a do it yourself (DIY) approach to releasing music. By the mid-1990s a number of pop punk bands, including Green Day, Operation Ivy (whose popularity dramatically increased in the mid-90s, despite breaking up in 1989), and the Offspring had begun to sell millions of records and receive extensive radio and television airplay. By 1994, pop punk was quickly growing in mainstream popularity. The late 1990s, exemplified by the 1999 release of Blink-182's Enema of the State, represented the genre's mainstream peak, although some pop punk bands scored successful album chartings in the 2000s. During the 2000s emo pop, a fusion between emo and pop punk, received commercial success. By the end of the 2000s, the pop punk sound of the 1990s had largely waned in mainstream popularity.

Contents

1 Characteristics 2 History

2.1 Origins (1974–1979) 2.2 Emergence (1979–1993) 2.3 Popular acceptance (1994–1998) 2.4 Mainstream peak (1999–2005) 2.5 Hybridization and continuation of popularity (2005–2009) 2.6 Decline in mainstream popularity, hints at resurgence (2009–present)

3 Subgenres and fusion genres

3.1 Neon pop 3.2 Emo
Emo
pop 3.3 Easycore

4 See also 5 Citations 6 Sources 7 External links

Characteristics[edit] Pop punk
Pop punk
typically merges upbeat pop melodies with catchy hooks, catchy choruses, harmonies, speedy tempos, punk rock power chord changes and loud, distorted electric guitars.[1][2][3] About.com
About.com
has described second-wave pop punk bands as having "a radio friendly sheen to their music, but still maintaining much of the speed and attitude of classic punk rock".[2] According to The A.V. Club, pop punk often pits "sweet harmonies against bratty, rowdy riffs".[3] Lyrical topics that are common in pop punk include love, lust, drunkenness, adolescence, cartoonish violence and drugs. Some pop punk lyrics focus on jokes and humor.[3] Some pop punk music features elements of alternative rock,[1] power pop,[3][1] emo[4] or skate punk.[5] According to Ryan Cooper of About.com, "pop punk is a style that owes more to the Beatles and '60s pop than other subgenres of punk".[6] History[edit] Origins (1974–1979)[edit] Further information: Punk rock

Buzzcocks
Buzzcocks
are considered the pioneers of pop punk.[7]

It is not clear when the term "pop punk" was first used, but pop-influenced punk rock had been around since the mid to late 1970s.[8] Protopunk and power pop bands of the late 1960s and early 1970s helped lay the groundwork for the pop punk sound, which emerged at the onset of punk rock around 1974 with the Ramones.[9] The Beatles, the Kinks and the Beach Boys all paved the way for pop punk.[3][10] With their love of the Beach Boys and late 1960s bubblegum pop, the Ramones
Ramones
paved the way to what became known as pop punk.[11] The Ramones' loud and fast melodic minimalism differentiated them from other bands in New York City's budding art rock scene, but pop punk was not considered a separate subgenre until later. An early use of the term "pop punk" appeared in a 1977 New York Times
New York Times
article, "Cabaret: Tom Petty's Pop Punk Rock Evokes Sounds of 60s".[12] In the late 1970s, English band Buzzcocks
Buzzcocks
and Northern Irish band The Undertones combined pop-style tunes and lyrical themes with punk rock's speed and chaotic edge.[13][14][15][16] The Buzzcocks' 1979 compilation album Singles Going Steady
Singles Going Steady
has been called "the blueprint for punk rock bands preferring tuneful tales of lost love and longing to rage against the machine."[17] The music of other UK bands, such as Generation X, 999 and The Jam,[18] featured poppy melodies as well as lyrics that sometimes dealt with relatively light themes such as teenage romance. Many UK mod revival bands of the late 1970s and early 1980s also displayed pop punk characteristics. Emergence (1979–1993)[edit]

The Descendents
Descendents
are considered a prominent band of 1980s pop punk.[7]

The American band Bad Religion, formed in 1979, also helped to lay the groundwork for contemporary pop punk.[19][20][21] Bad Religion
Bad Religion
and some of the other leading bands in Southern California's hardcore punk scene emphasized a more melodic approach than was typical of their peers. According to music journalist Ben Myers, Bad Religion
Bad Religion
"layered their pissed off, politicized sound with the smoothest of harmonies". Meyers wrote that Descendents
Descendents
"wrote almost surfy, Beach Boys-inspired songs about girls and food and being young(ish)".[22] Their positive yet sarcastic approach began to separate them from the more serious hardcore scene. The Descendents' 1982 debut LP Milo Goes to College provided the template for the United States' take on the more melodic strains of first wave punk.[17] In addition to the California scene, the Minnesota band Hüsker Dü, formed in 1979, fused blistering hardcore punk with a highly melodic, 1960s pop influenced songwriting approach, paving the way for alternative rock. Music writer Michael Azerrad asserted in his book Our Band Could Be Your Life
Our Band Could Be Your Life
(2001) that " Hüsker Dü
Hüsker Dü
played a huge role in convincing the underground that melody and punk rock weren't antithetical." In the 1980s, the term pop punk was used in publications such as Maximum RocknRoll
Maximum RocknRoll
to describe bands similar to Social Distortion, Agent Orange, The Nip Drivers and T.S.O.L..[23] Bands such as The Vandals
The Vandals
and Guttermouth
Guttermouth
also contributed to the development of pop punk by creating a style that blended pop melodies with humorous and offensive lyrics.

Pop punk
Pop punk
band The Queers
The Queers
in 2009

Pop punk
Pop punk
in the United States
United States
began to grow in popularity in the late 1980s especially in California due to bands like Dag Nasty and All, but the genre was not yet considered commercially viable by major US record labels. Bands such as Bad Religion, Descendents, and The Vandals began to inspire the formation of bands like The Offspring (1984) and the more melodic Green Day
Green Day
(1987), although it would take a number of years for these new bands to achieve mainstream popularity. As these new bands came into the scene, they were exposed to criticism for not representing the punk image as it originated in the 1970s, most notably by Sex Pistols
Sex Pistols
frontman John Lydon. Many pop punk bands espoused a do it yourself (DIY) approach to their music, and a number of independent record labels emerged during this period, often run by band members who wanted to release their own music and that of their friends. During this period several independent labels were formed that would achieve much notoriety and commercial success in the 1990s, namely Epitaph Records
Epitaph Records
(1987), Lookout Records
Lookout Records
(1987), and Fat Wreck Chords (1990). During the 1980s and early 1990s, pop punk bands such as The Queers,[7] The Mr. T Experience,[24] Jawbreaker[25] and Screeching Weasel[7] emerged. Some of these bands, including Screeching Weasel,[7] The Queers[7] and The Mr. T Experience,[24] were signed to the record label Lookout! Records, which also signed Green Day.[24] Popular acceptance (1994–1998)[edit] Further information: Punk rock
Punk rock
in California In 1993, California's Green Day
Green Day
and Bad Religion
Bad Religion
were both signed to major labels, and by 1994, pop punk was quickly growing in mainstream popularity. Many punk rock and pop punk bands originated from the California punk scene of the late 1980s, and several of those bands, especially Green Day
Green Day
and The Offspring, helped revive interest in punk rock in the 1990s.[26]

Pop punk
Pop punk
band Green Day
Green Day
at the 2009 MTV
MTV
Video Music Awards

Green Day
Green Day
arose from the 924 Gilman Street
924 Gilman Street
punk scene in Berkeley, California.[27] After building an underground following, the band signed to Reprise Records
Reprise Records
and released their major-label debut album, Dookie, in 1994. Dookie
Dookie
sold four million copies by the year's end and spawned several radio singles that received extensive MTV
MTV
rotation, three of which peaked at number one on the Modern Rock Tracks chart.[28] Green Day
Green Day
headlined Lollapalooza
Lollapalooza
and Woodstock 1994
Woodstock 1994
and were nominated for four Grammy Awards and won in the category for Best Alternative Album. Green Day's enormous commercial success paved the way for other North American pop punk bands in the following decade.[29] Green Day's song "Longview" peaked at number 1 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart[30] and number 36 on the Radio Songs chart.[31] Green Day's song "Basket Case" peaked at number 16 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart.[32] Green Day's song "When I Come Around" peaked at number 6 on the Radio Songs chart[31] and number 2 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart.[32] Green Day's album Dookie
Dookie
was certified diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America in 1999.[33] The Offspring
The Offspring
also achieved mainstream success in the mid-1990s; its album Smash was certified 6x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America in 2000,[34] selling 6,300,000 copies in the United States.[35]

Pop punk
Pop punk
band Goldfinger

MTV
MTV
and radio stations such as Los Angeles' KROQ-FM played a major role in the genre's mainstream success.[36] KROQ's steady airplay of a remix of Face to Face's song "Disconnected" led the band to re-record the track for their 1994 album Big Choice, which sold over 100,000 copies.[37][38] Meanwhile, Bad Religion's album Stranger Than Fiction (1994) was certified gold.[39] Rancid's songs "Time Bomb" and "Ruby Soho" were on the Radio Songs chart in the mid-1990s.[40] The band's album ...And Out Come the Wolves
...And Out Come the Wolves
was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[41] In the aftermath of the 1994 punk breakthrough, bands such as Rancid and Face to Face were the subject of major-label bidding wars and lucrative deals.[28] The Australian bands Frenzal Rhomb
Frenzal Rhomb
and Bodyjar established followings in Japan.[42] Goldfinger's song "Here in Your Bedroom" peaked at number 47 on the Radio Songs chart[43] and number 5 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart.[44] The Warped Tour
Warped Tour
and the mall chain store Hot Topic
Hot Topic
brought punk even further into the United States
United States
mainstream.[45] With punk rock's renewed visibility came concerns among some in the punk subculture that the music was being co-opted by the mainstream.[36] Some punk rock fans criticized Green Day
Green Day
for "selling out" and rejected their music as too soft, pop-oriented and not legitimate punk rock.[28][46][47] They argued that by signing to major labels and appearing on MTV, bands like Green Day
Green Day
were buying into a system that punk was created to challenge.[48]

Pop punk
Pop punk
band MxPx
MxPx
performing in 2008

By early 1998, the punk revival had commercially stalled,[49] but not for long. Blink-182's 1997 album Dude Ranch was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America in 1999.[50] Dude Ranch's song "Dammit" peaked at number 61 on the Radio Songs chart in February 1998.[51] Eve 6
Eve 6
released their self-titled debut album on RCA Records in April, which peaked at number one on the Top Heatseekers chart and number 33 on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
chart. The album's song "Inside Out" peaked at number 28 on the Billboard Hot 100.[52] In November 1998, Eve 6' self-titled debut album was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[53] In June, Southern California act Home Grown
Home Grown
released their sophomore album Act Your Age on Geffen subsidiary Outpost Recordings. It was their first album to chart, peaking at number 24 on the 1998 Billboard Heatseekers.[54] The band had garnered enough popularity to make appearances on the soundtrack for the 1998 stoner comedy Half Baked[55] and the 1998 comedic-thriller Homegrown.[56] Also in June, MxPx
MxPx
released Slowly Going the Way of the Buffalo
Slowly Going the Way of the Buffalo
on A&M Records, which was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America in January 2000[57] and peaked at number 99 on the Billboard 200,[58][59] and Unwritten Law released their self-titled LP, which charted at number 16 on the Billboard Heatseekers and featured the song "Cailin".[60] All three bands would appear on Blink-182's PooPoo PeePee Tour during select dates in 1998. In October, Zebrahead released their major label debut Waste of Mind
Waste of Mind
on Columbia Records. The album peaked at number 34 on the Billboard Heatseekers. The album featured the song "Get Back" which reached number 32 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks.[61] That November, The Offspring's album Americana was released and was certified 5x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[62] A bootleg MP3 of Americana's first single, "Pretty Fly (for a White Guy)", was uploaded to the Internet and was illegally downloaded 22,000,000 times.[63] "Pretty Fly (for a White Guy)" peaked at number 13 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart on January 30, 1999. Also, The Offspring's song "Why Don't You Get a Job?" peaked at number 21 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart on May 22, 1999.[64] Mainstream peak (1999–2005)[edit]

Pop punk
Pop punk
band Blink-182
Blink-182
performing in Los Angeles, California in November 2013.

Pop punk's commercial success generally peaked with the 1999 release of Blink-182's album Enema of the State,[2] which was certified 5x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America on February 26, 2001[65] and sold 15 million copies worldwide.[66] Enema of the State's song "What's My Age Again?" peaked at number 58 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
on October 23, 1999. Enema of the State's song "All the Small Things" peaked at number 6 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
on February 19, 2000.[67] Lit had also achieved commercial success. Lit's song "My Own Worst Enemy" peaked at number 51 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart on July 3, 1999[68] and number 1 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart on April 10, 1999.[69] "My Own Worst Enemy" was at number 1 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart for two months.[70] New Found Glory's self-titled second album was a success that helped launch them into the mainstream. The album reached number one on the Billboard Heatseekers and number 107 on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
in 2000.[71] In 2000, SR-71's song "Right Now" peaked at number 30 on the Mainstream Top 40 chart.[72] Jimmy Eat World
Jimmy Eat World
gained commercial success with their breakthrough album Bleed American
Bleed American
(2001), which was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America in August 2002.[73] Bleed American's song "The Middle" peaked at number 5 on the Billboard Hot 100.[74] Blink-182
Blink-182
had continued success in 2001 with Take Off Your Pants and Jacket, which peaked at number 1 on the Billboard 200[75] and sold 350,000 copies in its first week of being released.[76] Take Off Your Pants and Jacket
Take Off Your Pants and Jacket
was certified 2x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America in May 2002[77] and sold 14,000,000 copies worldwide.[78]

Sum 41
Sum 41
performing in Cleveland, Ohio in 2015

Pop punk
Pop punk
band Good Charlotte
Good Charlotte
in 2007

In 2001, Sum 41
Sum 41
achieved mainstream success. The band's song "Fat Lip" peaked at number 66 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart,[79] peaked at number 1 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart,[80] and was constantly at number 1 on MTV's Total Request Live.[81] Sum 41's album All Killer No Filler was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America in August 2001.[82] In 2001, American Hi-Fi
American Hi-Fi
achieved mainstream success. On August 4, 2001, the band's song "Flavor of the Weak" peaked at number 41 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart.[83] On August 18, 2001, "Flavor of the Weak" by American Hi-Fi
American Hi-Fi
peaked at number 15 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart.[84] In 2002, New Found Glory's song "My Friends Over You" peaked at number 85 on the Billboard Hot 100.[85] The band's album Sticks and Stones was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America in September 2002.[86] Saves the Day's Through Being Cool
Through Being Cool
(1999) would later pave the way for a new wave of pop punk, influencing bands such as Fall Out Boy, My Chemical Romance
My Chemical Romance
and Taking Back Sunday.[87] Good Charlotte
Good Charlotte
achieved mainstream success with its album The Young and the Hopeless, which was certified 3x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[88] Good Charlotte's self-titled album was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America.[89] Good Charlotte's song "Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous" peaked at number 6 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart[90] and number 20 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart.[91] The band's "The Anthem" peaked at number 11 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart[90] and number 43 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart.[91] Good Charlotte's song "Girls & Boys" peaked at number 10 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart[90] and number 48 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart.[91]

Avril Lavigne
Avril Lavigne
performing in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in September 2002

Pop punk
Pop punk
band the Ataris in 2012

Canadian solo artist Avril Lavigne, often referred by media and critics as the "Pop Punk Queen",[92][93][94][95][96] found commercial success in 2002, with her punk-influenced pop sound.[97][98][99] Lavigne's album Let Go was certified 6x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America in April 2003,[100] the album is considered as a highlight in the pop-punk scene and paved the way for the success of female-driven punk-influenced pop rock music, such as Paramore, Skye Sweetnam, Fefe Dobson, Lillix, Kelly Osbourne, Krystal Meyers, Tonight Alive, Hey Monday, among others as being a direct result.[101][102][103][104][105][106] Fellow Canadian artist Simple Plan experienced commercial success in 2003. Simple Plan's song "I'd Do Anything" peaked at number 16 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart in March 2003. The band's song "Addicted" peaked at number 11 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart in August 2003. Simple Plan's song "Perfect" peaked at number 5 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart in December 2003.[107] The Ataris
The Ataris
achieved mainstream success in 2003 with its cover of the song "The Boys of Summer". The Ataris' cover of "The Boys of Summer" peaked at number 20 on the Billboard Hot 100.[108] Yellowcard
Yellowcard
achieved mainstream success in 2004 with its song "Ocean Avenue". "Ocean Avenue" peaked at number 13 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart.[109] Blink-182's fifth studio album, Blink-182
Blink-182
(2003), sold 2.2 million copies in the United States.[110]

Pop punk
Pop punk
band Bowling for Soup in 2008

In 2004, Good Charlotte
Good Charlotte
released its album The Chronicles of Life and Death, led by the lead single "Predictable". The album was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America in December 2004.[111] "Predictable" by Good Charlotte
Good Charlotte
peaked at number 20 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart.[90] The band Bowling for Soup achieved mainstream success in 2004. Bowling for Soup's song "1985" peaked at number 10 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart. Bowling for Soup's song "Girl All the Bad Guys Want" peaked at number 17 on the Mainstream Top 40 chart. The band's song "Almost" peaked at number 21 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart. Bowling for Soup's song "Ohio (Come Back to Texas)" peaked at number 35 on the Mainstream Top 40
Mainstream Top 40
chart.[112] Bowling for Soup's single "1985" was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America in November 2004. In January 2008, the single was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[113] My Chemial Romance released their breakthrough album Three Cheers For Sweet Revenge
Three Cheers For Sweet Revenge
which has sold over a million copies in the United States. In the mid-2000s, Green Day
Green Day
became mainstream again with its album American Idiot. The Green Day
Green Day
album American Idiot was certified 6x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[114] Hybridization and continuation of popularity (2005–2009)[edit]

Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
performing in 2006

Emo
Emo
pop, a fusion genre combining emo and pop punk, became popular in the mid-2000s, with record labels such as Fueled by Ramen
Fueled by Ramen
releasing platinum albums from bands including Fall Out Boy, Panic! at the Disco, Red Jumpsuit Apparatus
Red Jumpsuit Apparatus
and Paramore.[115] Devon Maloney of MTV News wrote: "While many pop punk fans adamantly deny any association between their favorite acts and those labeled "emo," crossover bands who melded the two have gradually put both genres in the same scene-boat."[116] Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
achieved mainstream success with its 2005 album From Under the Cork Tree, which was certified 2× platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America in January 2006.[117] During the mid–late 2000s, three Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
songs were on the top ten of the Billboard Hot 100.[118] Although Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
had been a staple of the Chicago hardcore scene, where they mixed pop sensibilities with hardcore punk, they are widely considered a pop punk and emo pop act.[119][120]

Pop punk
Pop punk
band Paramore

The All-American Rejects
The All-American Rejects
found success with Move Along (2005), which inspired three top 15 singles.[121] Panic! at the Disco
Panic! at the Disco
scored a hit single, "I Write Sins, Not Tragedies", which peaked at number 7 on the Billboard Hot 100[122] and won the band a 2006 MTV
MTV
Video Music Award for Video of the Year.[123] Avril Lavigne
Avril Lavigne
had success with the single "Girlfriend", which peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
in May 2007 and sold over 10 million copies worldwide.[124] Her platinum album, The Best Damn Thing,[125] sold around 8 million copies worldwide, making it the top-selling pop punk album of 2007.[126][127] Paramore
Paramore
achieved mainstream success in the late 2000s. During the late 2000s, many Paramore
Paramore
songs were on the Billboard Hot 100. Paramore's song "Misery Business" peaked at number 26 on the Billboard Hot 100 in January 2008. Paramore's song "Crushcrushcrush" peaked at number 54 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
in January 2008 and the band's song "That's What You Get" peaked at number 66 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
in August 2008. Also, Paramore's song "Ignorance" peaked at number 67 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
in July 2009.[128] Paramore's song "Careful" peaked at number 78 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
in October 2009.[129] Paramore's album Riot!
Riot!
was certified 2x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[130] Several pop punk bands took different directions in the late 2000s, with Panic! at the Disco
Panic! at the Disco
crafting the Beatles-inspired, baroque pop-styled record Pretty. Odd.
Pretty. Odd.
(2008) and Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
experimenting with glam rock, blues rock and R&B on Folie a Deux (2008), both of which created fan confusion and backlash. As of 2013, Folie a Deux has sold approximately 500,000 copies in the United States, compared to their first hit album, From Under the Cork Tree, which has a total of 2.7 million record sales in the U.S. as of 2013, a representation of the backlash from their fanbase as the group experimented with a musical style differing from their pop rock background.[131][132] Decline in mainstream popularity, hints at resurgence (2009–present)[edit] Pop punk
Pop punk
generally waned in mainstream popularity by the late 2000s. The genre has fallen out of mainstream radio success, with rock bands and guitars becoming rare on dance-focused pop radio.[133] While Blink-182
Blink-182
and Green Day
Green Day
continue to headline arenas and sell out their concerts,[134][135] others, such as New Found Glory
New Found Glory
and Yellowcard, have seen attendance decrease steadily.[136] Devon Maloney of MTV wrote that " Pop punk
Pop punk
and emo bands don’t headline Coachella or Bonnaroo; they rarely, if ever, are even billed on mainstream festival stages," and notes that it has similarly disappeared from the press. The only magazines that feature pop punk bands are niche publications like Alternative Press (AP) and the occasional teen magazine, while influential pop punk magazine AMP ceased publication in 2013.[116]

I think pop-punk is a zombie. ... It hushed down for a bit but then it got brought back to life in an almost undead fashion. ... Back then it was mainstream, you would see it on MTV
MTV
and things like that. Now, it's different, it's got a fighting chance and it’s crawling its way back up. It started out with a pretty selective crowd but now it's opening up to more and more people.[137]

– Kelen Capener of The Story So Far

The genre has experienced somewhat of a "minor renaissance."[138] Several pop punk bands have embarked on anniversary tours, playing some of their most popular albums in full. While some members of these bands have had mixed feelings about these performances, quite often these tours sell as well as or better than the first time around.[116] Club promoters in the United Kingdom have created nights based around lasting appreciation of the genre, including Pop Punk Ain't Dead in Brighton, Hello Bastards in Leeds, Say It Ain't So in London and What's My Age Again?, a night celebrating "pop-punk, youthful abandon and teenage riot".[139] The Warped Tour
Warped Tour
still attracts hundreds of thousands of attendees each year; the 2012 tour attracted 556,000 festival-goers, its third-best attendance.[116] Bobby Olivier of The Star-Ledger wrote: "The genre, like an awkward high school kid, continues to reinvent itself and Warped is pop-punk’s prom."[140] Many pop punk bands have folded; "once essentially child stars, their members are now adult musicians hoping to move beyond the teen trappings that gave them careers."[116] Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
and Paramore, "two bands who rocketed into the mainstream at the height (or perhaps at the tail end) of emo and pop punk’s second wave," had two number one albums— Save Rock and Roll
Save Rock and Roll
and Paramore—side by side on the Billboard 200. Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
along with other pop punk/punk rock bands that peaked during the early 2000s are now seen to be experimenting with the more pop side of the pop punk, in order to maintain their relevancy and keep the interest of their fanbase while gaining the appeal of the newer generations that may not relate as much to the punk themes of the 1970s.[141] Their popularity provoked conversations about the state of the genre; Maloney writes that these records "could hardly be considered pop punk at this point."[116] Pop punk
Pop punk
bands that achieve minimal mainstream success have seen a return to grassroots form, "the micro-operation style that yielded the results that caught the mainstream’s attention in the first place."[116] New Found Glory
New Found Glory
has continued to tour on the Warped Tour, and had their own Pop Punks Not Dead Tour, a reworking of an "old, defiant punk rock battle cry."[142] Chad Gilbert, the band's guitarist, wrote in an op-ed for Alternative Press entitled "Why Pop-Punk's Not Dead—And Why It Still Matters Today": "This isn't a dead genre, and just because there isn't a song on the radio to clarify that shouldn't matter. ... Pop-punk means something to a lot of people and to me, having success as a band in our genre is about longevity, touring a lot and staying true to your fans. It's about us putting our lives on a plate for our fans to take what they want and not jeopardizing our integrity for any reason."[136]

Pop punk
Pop punk
band The Wonder Years

A new wave of pop punk groups had sprung up sometime around 2010.[143] Dave Beech of Clash noted that these groups were "[d]arker and more mature" than those previously, taking influence "and occasional indifference" from 1990s emo.[143] On The Wonder Years' The Upsides (2010), vocalist Dan Campbell sung about "His early twenties soul-searching and tales of strife" which "resonated with a [new] generation, inspiring countless imitators in the process."[144] This pushed Campbell to "the forefront of a new wave", and the album influencing a new wave of pop punk bands.[144] The Story So Far's second album, What You Don't See
What You Don't See
(2013), "cemented their place at the top table of nu pop-punk".[145] Rock Sound
Rock Sound
included The Wonder Years' The Greatest Generation on their best albums of 2013 list, calling it "the defining album of what may well have been the genre's best year for a decade."[146] Kerrang! said the album "ripped up the pop-punk blueprint" pushing the genre to "new peaks of invention, both lyrically and musically."[147] In early 2014, Welsh band Neck Deep released their debut album Wishful Thinking, which Rock Sound
Rock Sound
later called it "the greatest UK pop-punk record of all time."[148] Also in 2014, Australian band 5 Seconds of Summer's self titled album debuted at number 1 on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
chart and in many other countries, prompting Alternative Press to describe the band as important to the marketing of the pop-punk scene.[149]

All Time Low on tour in 2016

In 2015, All Time Low's Future Hearts
Future Hearts
brought the band a career best Billboard 200
Billboard 200
number 2 charting with 75,000 copies sold.[150] The album had been described as pop rock and power pop, as well as pop punk.[151] Neck Deep's second album Life's Not out to Get You
Life's Not out to Get You
(2015) hit number 8 on the UK charts[152] and number 17 on the Billboard 200.[153] Blink-182's seventh album California debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, becoming their first number one since Take Off Your Pants and Jacket in 2001. The first single from the album, "Bored to Death", reached the number one spot on Alternative Songs chart.[154] JR Griffin of Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
"The group is aiming to recapture its "golden-age" vibe."[155] In October 2016, Green Day released its twelfth studio album Revolution Radio.[156] The album debuted at number 1 on the Billboard 200.[157] In the same month Sum 41 also released their comeback album 13 Voices
13 Voices
which peaked at number 22 on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
and number 6 on the Canadian chart. In 2017, Paramore
Paramore
released its fifth album titled After Laughter. The album completely departed from their pop punk sound for the new wave and synth-pop sound from the '80s. Yellowcard
Yellowcard
broke up in 2017, playing its final show on March 25. Also in 2017 Neck Deep's third album The Peace and the Panic hit number 4 in both the US and the UK.[158][159] The decline in popularity of mainstream pop punk, coupled with the closure of many mid-size venues associated with the genre, has resulted in many venues and labels returning to the DIY ethic
DIY ethic
that first spawned the punk movement.[160][161][162] This has gone hand-in-hand with a resurgence in bands more influenced by this ethic and music from that era, such as Iron Chic, Worriers and RVIVR
RVIVR
in the United States
United States
and Martha, Great Cynics and Pardon Us in the UK. Subgenres and fusion genres[edit] Neon pop[edit] Main article: Neon pop

Neon pop band Forever the Sickest Kids

Neon pop is a subgenre of pop punk that makes notable use of synthesizers. Alternative Press writer Tyler Sharp wrote that by the late 2000s, pop punk had taken "on a new, synth-laden face."[163] While this wasn't the first instance that "a band decided to put fuzzy keys over their chord progressions, but it was a time when that formula was perfected."[163] Kika Chatterjee of Alternative Press added that the late 2000s "brought in glowing synths and poppy melodies that shifted the entire definition of [pop punk]", giving it the "neon" moniker.[164] Sharp listed songs by Cobra Starship, the Secret Handshake,[163] the Maine, and Forever the Sickest Kids, among others[165] as songs "from pop punk's neon era."[163] In addition, Chatterjee listed songs by the Cab, A Rocket to the Moon
A Rocket to the Moon
and Sing It Loud, among others.[164] Sharp noted that Forever the Sickest Kids' debut album Underdog Alma Mater
Underdog Alma Mater
(2008) was "a big moment" for the genre.[165] Emo
Emo
pop[edit] Main article: Emo
Emo
pop Emo pop
Emo pop
(or emo pop punk) is a subgenre of both emo and pop punk.[166] AllMusic describes emo pop as blending "youthful angst" with "slick production" and mainstream appeal, using "high-pitched melodies, rhythmic guitars, and lyrics concerning adolescence, relationships, and heartbreak."[167] The Guardian
The Guardian
described emo pop as a cross between "saccharine boy-band pop" and emo.[168] Weezer's Pinkerton (1996) was seen by Spin as "a groundbreaking record for all the emo-pop that would follow."[169] According to Nicole Keiper of CMJ, Sense Field's Building (1996) pushed the band "into the emo-pop camp with the likes of the Get Up Kids and Jejune".[170] As emo became commercially successful in the early 2000s, emo pop was popular with Jimmy Eat World's 2001 album Bleed American
Bleed American
and the success of its single "The Middle".[167]

The Get Up Kids at the Bowery Ballroom
Bowery Ballroom
in 2000

Emo pop
Emo pop
developed during the 1990s. Jimmy Eat World,[167] the Get Up Kids[171] and The Promise Ring[172] were early emo-pop bands. The emo pop style of Jimmy Eat World's album, Clarity,[173] influenced later emo.[174] Emo pop
Emo pop
became successful during the late 1990s, with its popularity increasing in the early 2000s. The Get Up Kids sold over 15,000 copies of their debut album, Four Minute Mile
Four Minute Mile
(1997), before signing with Vagrant Records. The label promoted them, sending them on tours to open for Green Day
Green Day
and Weezer.[175] Their 1999 album, Something to Write Home About, reached number 31 on Billboard's Top Heatseekers chart.[176] As emo pop coalesced, the Fueled by Ramen
Fueled by Ramen
label became a center of the movement and signed Fall Out Boy, Panic! at the Disco, and Paramore (all of whom had been successful).[167] Two regional scenes developed. The Florida
Florida
scene was created by Fueled by Ramen; midwest emo-pop was promoted by Pete Wentz, whose Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
rose to the forefront of the style during the mid-2000s.[167][177][178] Cash Cash
Cash Cash
released Take It to the Floor (2008); according to AllMusic, it could be "the definitive statement of airheaded, glittery, and content-free emo-pop[179] ... the transformation of emo from the expression of intensely felt, ripped-from-the-throat feelings played by bands directly influenced by post-punk and hardcore to mall-friendly Day-Glo pop played by kids who look about as authentic as the "punks" on an old episode of Quincy did back in the '70s was made pretty much complete".[179] You Me at Six
You Me at Six
released their 2008 debut album, Take Off Your Colours, described by AllMusic's Jon O'Brien as "follow[ing] the 'emo-pop for dummies' handbook word-for-word."[180] The album was certified gold in the UK.[181] Easycore[edit]

Easycore
Easycore
band Chunk! No, Captain Chunk!
Chunk! No, Captain Chunk!
in 2014

Easycore
Easycore
(less commonly known as popcore, dudecore, softcore, happy hardcore, and EZ)[182] is a subgenre of melodic hardcore that mixes elements of pop punk and different forms of hardcore punk, particularly metalcore and post-hardcore.[citation needed] It is characterized by its use of melodies commonly found in pop punk fused with breakdowns found in post-hardcore and hardcore punk.[183] A number of groups also take influence from metal and make use of unclean vocals.[184] The genre's roots come from early 2000s pop punk with groups such as New Found Glory
New Found Glory
and Sum 41
Sum 41
being highly influential in its development (with the former naming the genre on a tour known as the " Easycore
Easycore
tour").[182] The easycore sound later emerged in the mid-to-late 2000s and early 2010s by bands such as Chunk! No, Captain Chunk!,[185] A Day to Remember, and Four Year Strong.[182] Easycore
Easycore
has since seen a bit of a decrease in popularity.[186] See also[edit]

List of pop punk albums List of pop punk bands Skate punk Emo

Citations[edit]

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External links[edit]

Punk pop – article about pop punk music The Buzzcocks, Founders of Pop Punk – article about the Buzzcock's role in developing the pop punk genre

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