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Coordinates : 50°43′N 1°59′W / 50.717°N 1.983°W / 50.717; -1.983

Poole Borough of Poole

Town and Borough

Poole
Poole
Quay
Quay

Coat of arms
Coat of arms
of the borough council

Motto: "Ad Morem Villae De Poole" _"According to the custom of the Town of Poole"_

Poole
Poole
shown within Dorset
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°43′N 1°59′W / 50.717°N 1.983°W / 50.717; -1.983

SOVEREIGN STATE United Kingdom

CONSTITUENT COUNTRY England

REGION South West England
South West England

CEREMONIAL COUNTY Dorset
Dorset

ADMIN HQ Poole
Poole
(Civic Centre)

GOVERNMENT

• TYPE Unitary authority

• GOVERNING BODY Poole Borough Council

• COUNCIL LEADER Cllr. Elaine Atkinson

• MAYOR Cllr. Xena Dion (C)

• MPS : Robert Syms (C) Michael Tomlinson (C)

AREA

• TOTAL 25.05 sq mi (64.88 km2)

POPULATION (MID-2016 EST.)

• TOTAL 147,645

• DENSITY 5,520/sq mi (2,133/km2)

TIME ZONE Greenwich Mean Time ( UTC+0 )

POSTCODE AREAS BH

AREA CODE(S) 01202

ISO 3166-2 GB-POL

ONS CODE 00HP (ONS) E06000029 (GSS)

OS GRID REFERENCE SZ009906

NUTS 3 UKD32

ETHNICITY 91.9% White British 3.3% Other White 1.0% South Asian 0.3% Black 3.5% Other

WEBSITE www.poole.gov.uk

POOLE /puːl/ ( listen ) is a large coastal town and seaport in the county of Dorset
Dorset
, on the south coast of England. The town is 33 kilometres (21 mi) east of Dorchester , and adjoins Bournemouth
Bournemouth
to the east. The local council is Borough of Poole and was made a unitary authority in 1997, gaining administrative independence from Dorset County Council . The borough had a population of 147,645 at the 2011 census , making it the second largest in Dorset. Together with Bournemouth
Bournemouth
and Christchurch , the town forms the South East Dorset conurbation with a total population of over 465,000.

Human settlement in the area dates back to before the Iron Age
Iron Age
. The earliest recorded use of the town's name was in the 12th century when the town began to emerge as an important port, prospering with the introduction of the wool trade . Later, the town had important trade links with North America and, at its peak during the 18th century, it was one of the busiest ports in Britain. In the Second World War
Second World War
, Poole
Poole
was one of the main departing points for the Normandy landings .

Poole
Poole
is a tourist resort, attracting visitors with its large natural harbour , history, the Lighthouse arts centre and Blue Flag beaches . The town has a commercial port with cross-Channel freight and passenger ferry services. The headquarters of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) are in Poole, and the Royal Marines have a base in the town's harbour. Despite their names, Poole
Poole
is the home of The Arts University Bournemouth
Bournemouth
, the Bournemouth
Bournemouth
Symphony Orchestra and a significant part of Bournemouth
Bournemouth
University .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Governance

* 2.1 Council * 2.2 Parliamentary representation * 2.3 Coat of arms
Coat of arms

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Climate

* 4 Demography * 5 Economy * 6 Landmarks * 7 Religious sites

* 8 Sport and recreation

* 8.1 Sailing * 8.2 Football * 8.3 Speedway * 8.4 Scouting
Scouting
* 8.5 Nature parks * 8.6 Walking * 8.7 Cycling

* 9 Culture * 10 Transport * 11 Education * 12 Public services * 13 Media * 14 Notable people * 15 Twin towns * 16 See also * 17 Notes

* 18 References

* 18.1 Bibliography

* 19 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Poole The Poole Logboat
Poole Logboat
, a 2,000-year-old dugout canoe discovered during dredging works in Poole Harbour .

The town's name derives from a corruption of the Celtic word _bol_ and the Old English word _pool_ meaning a place near a pool or creek. Variants include Pool, Pole, Poles, Poll, Polle, Polman, and Poolman. The area around modern Poole
Poole
has been inhabited for the past 2,500 years. During the 3rd century BC, Celts
Celts
known as the Durotriges moved from hilltop settlements at Maiden Castle and Badbury Rings to heathland around the River Frome and Poole Harbour . The Romans landed at Poole
Poole
during their conquest of Britain in the 1st century and took over an Iron Age
Iron Age
settlement at Hamworthy , an area just west of the modern town centre. In Anglo-Saxon times, Poole
Poole
was included in the Kingdom of Wessex
Wessex
. The settlement was used as a base for fishing and the harbour a place for ships to anchor on their way to the River Frome and the important Anglo-Saxon town of Wareham . Poole experienced two large-scale Viking
Viking
invasions during this era: in 876, Guthrum sailed his fleet through the harbour to attack Wareham, and in 1015, Canute began his conquest of England in Poole
Poole
Harbour, using it as a base to raid and pillage Wessex.

Following the Norman conquest of England , Poole
Poole
rapidly grew into a busy port as the importance of Wareham declined. The town was part of the manor of Canford, but does not exist as an identifiable entry in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
. The earliest written mention of Poole
Poole
occurred on a document from 1196 describing the newly built St James's Chapel in "La Pole". The Lord of the Manor , Sir William Longspée , sold a charter of liberties to the burgesses of Poole
Poole
in 1248 to raise funds for his participation in the Seventh Crusade . Consequently, Poole gained a small measure of freedom from feudal rule and acquired the right to appoint a mayor and hold a court within town. Poole's growing importance was recognised in 1433 when it was awarded staple port status by King Henry VI , enabling the port to begin exporting wool and in turn granting a licence for the construction of a town wall. In 1568, Poole
Poole
gained further autonomy when it was granted legal independence from Dorset
Dorset
and made a county corporate by the Great Charter
Charter
of Elizabeth I . During the English Civil War , Poole's puritan stance and its merchants' opposition to the ship money tax introduced by King Charles I led to the town declaring for Parliament . Poole
Poole
escaped any large-scale attack and with the Royalists on the brink of defeat in 1646, the Parliamentary garrison from Poole
Poole
laid siege to and captured the nearby Royalist stronghold at Corfe Castle . Beech Hurst in the town centre, a Georgian mansion built in 1798 for a wealthy Newfoundland merchant.

Poole
Poole
established successful commerce with the North American colonies in the 16th century, including the important fisheries of Newfoundland . Trade with Newfoundland grew steadily to meet the demand for fish from the Catholic countries of Europe. Poole's share of this trade varied but the most prosperous period started in the early 18th century and lasted until the early 19th century. The trade followed a three-cornered route; ships sailed to Newfoundland with salt and provisions, then carried dried and salted fish to Europe before returning to Poole
Poole
with wine, olive oil, and salt. By the early 18th century Poole
Poole
had more ships trading with North America than any other English port and vast wealth was brought to Poole's merchants. This prosperity supported much of the development which now characterises the Old Town where many of the medieval buildings were replaced with Georgian mansions and terraced housing . The end of the Napoleonic Wars and the conclusion of the War of 1812 ended Britain's monopoly over the Newfoundland fisheries and other nations took over services provided by Poole's merchants at a lower cost. Poole's Newfoundland trade rapidly declined and within a decade most merchants had ceased trading. Poole
Poole
Quay
Quay
was the busy centre of the town's maritime trade

The town grew rapidly during the industrial revolution as urbanisation took place and the town became an area of mercantile prosperity and overcrowded poverty. At the turn of the 19th century, nine out of ten workers were engaged in harbour activities, but as the century progressed ships became too large for the shallow harbour and the port lost business to the deep water ports at Liverpool
Liverpool
, Southampton
Southampton
and Plymouth
Plymouth
. Poole's first railway station opened in Hamworthy in 1847 and later extended to the centre of Poole
Poole
in 1872, effectively ending the port's busy coastal shipping trade. The beaches and landscape of southern Dorset
Dorset
and south-west Hampshire began to attract tourists during the 19th century and the villages to the east of Poole
Poole
began to grow and merge until the seaside resort of Bournemouth
Bournemouth
emerged. Although Poole
Poole
did not become a resort like many of its neighbours, it continued to prosper as the rapid expansion of Bournemouth
Bournemouth
created a large demand for goods manufactured in Poole.

During World War II
World War II
, Poole
Poole
was the third largest embarkation point for D-Day
D-Day
landings of Operation Overlord and afterwards served as a base for supplies to the allied forces in Europe. Eighty-one landing craft containing American troops from the 29th Infantry Division and the US Army Rangers departed Poole Harbour for Omaha Beach . Poole was also an important centre for the development of Combined Operations and the base for a US Coast Guard rescue flotilla of 60 cutters . Much of the town suffered from German bombing during the war and years of neglect in the post-war economic decline . Major redevelopment projects began in the 1950s and 1960s and large areas of slum properties were demolished and replaced with modern public housing and facilities. Many of Poole's historic buildings were demolished during this period, particularly in the Old Town area of Poole. Consequently, a 6-hectare (15-acre) Conservation Area
Conservation Area
was created in the town centre in 1975 to preserve Poole's most notable buildings.

GOVERNANCE

COUNCIL

Further information: Poole Borough Council and Poole local elections

On 1 April 1997, the town was made a unitary authority following a review by the Local Government Commission for England , and became once again administratively independent from Dorset. The borough reverted to its previous title of the _Borough and County of the Town of Poole_, which recalled its status as a county corporate before the implementation of the Local Government Act 1888 . For local elections , 42 councillors are elected across 16 wards and elections take place every four years. As of December 2016, the council is made up of 30 Conservative , 7 Liberal Democrat , 3 Poole
Poole
People, 1 UK Independence Party and 1 Independent councillors. Poole's council leader is Janet Walton (Conservative) and the Mayor is Xena Dion (Conservative). Poole's Sheriff
Sheriff
, a position created by the town's charter of 1568 and just one of 16 Sheriffs in England and Wales, is Lindsay Wilson (Conservative).

PARTY POLITICAL MAKE-UP OF POOLE BOROUGH COUNCIL

PARTY SEATS POOLE BOROUGH COUNCIL 2011–2015

Conservative _30_

Lib Dems _7_

Poole
Poole
People _3_

UKIP _1_

Independent _1_

PARLIAMENTARY REPRESENTATION

Poole
Poole
is represented by three parliamentary constituencies in the House of Commons ; Poole
Poole
, Mid Dorset
Dorset
and North Poole
Poole
, and Bournemouth
Bournemouth
West . The borough constituency of Poole
Poole
has existed since 1950. Previously the town had been a parliamentary borough , electing two members of parliament from 1455 until 1865 when representation was reduced to one member. In 1885 the constituency was abolished altogether and absorbed into the East Dorset
Dorset
constituency until its reintroduction in 1950. Robert Syms (Conservative) has been the Member of Parliament since 1997. At the 2015 general election , the Conservatives won a majority of 15,789 and 50.1% of the vote. The UK Independence Party won 16.8% of the vote, Labour 12.9% and the Liberal Democrats 11.8%. The county constituency of Mid Dorset
Dorset
and North Poole
Poole
was created in 1997 and includes the north east of Poole, Wimborne Minster , Wareham and extends into rural Dorset. At the 2015 general election, the Conservative candidate Michael Tomlinson gained the constituency from the Liberal Democrats with a majority of 10,530 and 50.8% of the vote. The Liberal Democrats won 28.2% of the vote, the UK Independence Party 12.2% and Labour 6%. The boundary of the Bournemouth
Bournemouth
West borough constituency was extended to include the Poole
Poole
local council wards Branksome East and Alderney in 2010. It is represented by Conor Burns , a Conservative Member of Parliament, who retained the seat with a majority of 12,410 and 48.2% of the vote in 2015. Poole
Poole
is included in the South West England
South West England
constituency for elections to the European Parliament .

COAT OF ARMS

Main article: Coat of arms of Poole The coat of arms of the Borough of Poole

The design of the coat of arms originated in a seal from the late 14th century and were recorded by Clarenceux King of Arms during the heraldic visitation of Dorset
Dorset
in 1563. The wavy bars of black and gold represent the sea and the dolphin is sign of Poole's maritime interests. The scallop shells are the emblem of Saint James and are associated with his shrine at Santiago de Compostela – a popular destination for Christian pilgrims departing from Poole Harbour in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
.

The arms were confirmed by the College of Arms on 19 June 1948, and at the same time the crest (a mermaid supporting an anchor and holding a cannonball) was granted. Following local government reorganisation in 1974, the 1948 arms were transferred to Poole
Poole
Borough Council. In 1976, the council received the grant of supporters for the coat of arms. The supporters refer to important charters given to the town; to the left is a gold lion holding a long sword representing William Longespee who in 1248 granted the town's first charter; on the right is a dragon derived from the Royal Arms of Elizabeth I who granted Poole
Poole
county corporate status in 1568. The Latin
Latin
motto – _Ad Morem Villae De Poole_, means: _According to the Custom of the Town of Poole_, and derives from the Great Charter
Charter
of 1568.

GEOGRAPHY

Poole
Poole
is located on the shore of the English Channel and lies on the northern and eastern edges of Poole Harbour , 179 kilometres (111 mi) west-southwest of London, at 50°43′N 1°59′W / 50.72°N 1.98°W / 50.72; -1.98 . The oldest part of the town (including the historic Old Town, Poole
Poole
Quay
Quay
and the Dolphin Shopping Centre ) lies to the south-east of Holes Bay
Holes Bay
on a peninsula jutting into the harbour, although much of the land to the east of the peninsula has been reclaimed from the harbour since the mid 20th century. To the west is Upton and Corfe Mullen and across the northern border at the River Stour lies Wimborne Minster . At the eastern edge of Poole, the town abuts Bournemouth
Bournemouth
and the settlements of Kinson , Winton and Westbourne . To the south of Poole
Poole
along the coast lies Poole Bay
Poole Bay
, featuring 4.8 kilometres (3.0 mi) of sandy beaches from Sandbanks in the west to Bournemouth
Bournemouth
in the east.

URBAN AREAS AND DISTRICTS OF THE TOWN _ Poole
Poole
is made up of numerous suburbs and neighbourhoods, many of which developed from villages or hamlets that were absorbed into Poole as the town grew._ Alderney – Bearwood – Branksome – Branksome Park – Broadstone – Canford Cliffs Canford Heath Creekmoor – Fleetsbridge – Hamworthy – Lilliput – Longfleet Merley – Newtown – Oakdale – Parkstone
Parkstone
Penn Hill Sandbanks Sterte Talbot Village Wallisdown – Waterloo – Whitecliff Poole lies on Eocene clays

The natural environment of Poole
Poole
is characterised by lowland heathland to the north and wooded chines and coastline to the south. The heathland habitat supports the six native British reptile species and provides a home for a range of dragonflies and rare birds. Development has destroyed much of the heath but scattered fragments remain to the north of Poole
Poole
and have been designated Special Protection Areas . The town lies on unresistant beds of Eocene clays (mainly London Clay
London Clay
and Gault Clay ), sands and gravels. The River Frome runs through this weak rock, and its many tributaries have carved out a wide estuary . At the mouth of the estuary sand spits have been deposited, enclosing the estuary to create Poole
Poole
Harbour.

The harbour is the largest natural harbour in Europe and the claimant of the title of second largest natural harbour in the world after Sydney Harbour . It is an area of international importance for nature conservation and is noted for its ecology, supporting salt marshes , mudflats and an internationally important habitat for several species of migrating bird . It has been designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) , a Special Protection Area and a Ramsar site as well as falling within an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty . The harbour covers an area of 38 square kilometres (15 sq mi) and is extremely shallow: although the main shipping channels are 7.5 metres (25 ft) deep the average depth of the harbour is 48 centimetres (1.57 ft). It contains several small islands, the largest is Brownsea Island , a nature reserve owned by the National Trust and the birthplace of the Scouting movement and location of the first Scout Camp . Britain's largest onshore oil field operates from Wytch Farm on the south shore of the harbour. The oil reservoirs extend under the harbour and eastwards from Sandbanks and Studland for 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) under the sea to the south of Bournemouth.

Situated directly to the east of the Jurassic Coast , Poole
Poole
is a gateway town to the UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
, which includes 153 kilometres (95 mi) of the Dorset
Dorset
and east Devon
Devon
coast important for its geology, landforms and rich fossil record . The South West Coast Path stretches for 1,014 kilometres (630 mi) from Minehead
Minehead
in Somerset, along the coast of Devon
Devon
and Cornwall
Cornwall
and on to Poole. The path is the England's longest national trail at 1,014 kilometres (630 mi). A panorama of Poole
Poole
town centre viewed from Parkstone
Parkstone

CLIMATE

Due to its location on the south coast of England, Poole
Poole
has a temperate climate with a small variation in daily and annual temperatures. The average annual mean temperature from 1971 to 2000 was 10.2 to 12 °C (50.4 to 53.6 °F ). The warmest months in Poole are July and August, which have an average temperature range of 12 to 22 °C (54 to 72 °F), and the coolest months are January and February, which have a range of 2 to 8.3 °C (35.6 to 46.9 °F). Mean sea surface temperatures range from 6.9 °C (44.4 °F) in February to 18.5 °C (65.3 °F) in August. The average annual rainfall of 592.6 millimetres (23.33 in) is well below the UK average of 1,126 millimetres (44.3 in).

CLIMATE DATA FOR POOLE, DORSET, ENGLAND

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 8 (46) 8 (46) 11 (52) 13 (55) 17 (63) 19 (66) 22 (72) 22 (72) 19 (66) 15 (59) 11 (52) 9 (48) 14.5 (58.1)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 2 (36) 2 (36) 3 (37) 4 (39) 7 (45) 10 (50) 12 (54) 12 (54) 10 (50) 7 (45) 4 (39) 3 (37) 6.3 (43.3)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 62.9 (2.476) 50.3 (1.98) 40.7 (1.602) 45.5 (1.791) 29.2 (1.15) 35.6 (1.402) 31.8 (1.252) 35.5 (1.398) 51.5 (2.028) 73.5 (2.894) 69.0 (2.717) 67.2 (2.646) 592.6 (23.331)

Source: MSN

DEMOGRAPHY

RELIGION %

Buddhist 0.16

Christian 74.34

Hindu 0.15

Jewish
Jewish
0.32

Muslim
Muslim
0.41

No religion 16.23

Other 0.32

Sikh 0.03

Not stated 8.03

AGE PERCENTAGE

0–4 5.2

5–14 12.2

15–29 16.0

30–44 21.5

45–64 24.8

65+ 20.3

Poole
Poole
merges with several other towns to form the South East Dorset conurbation which has a combined population of over 465,000, forming one of the South Coast's major urban areas. In the 2011 census the population of the borough of Poole
Poole
was 147,645, an increase from 138,288 in 2001 . The town has a built-up area of 65 square kilometres (25 sq mi), giving an approximate population density of 2,128 residents per square kilometre (5,532 per sq mi) in 60,512 dwellings. The population has grown steadily since the 1960s, inward migration has accounted for most of the town's growth and a significant part of this has been for retirement. Housing stock has increased by over 100% in the past 40 years from 30,000 in 1961 to approximately 62,700 in 2004. Compared to the rest of England and Wales , Poole
Poole
has an above average number of residents aged 65+ (20.3%), but this is less than the Dorset
Dorset
average of 22.2%. The largest proportion of the population (24.8%) is between the ages of 45 to 64, slightly above the national average of 23.8%. Population projections have predicted a continual growth; a population of 151,481 is estimated by 2016.

The district is overwhelmingly populated by people of a white ethnic background, 95.98% of residents are of White British ethnicity, well above the rest of England at 86.99%. Minority ethnic groups (including those in white ethnic groups who did not classify themselves as British) represent 4.0% of Poole's population. The largest religion in Poole
Poole
is Christianity, at almost 74.34%, slightly above the United Kingdom average of 71.6%. The next-largest sector is those with no religion, at almost 16.23%, also above the UK average of 15.5%.

The average house price in Poole
Poole
is high compared to the rest of the UK and the surrounding south west region . The average price of a property in Poole
Poole
in 2008 was £274,011; detached houses were on average £374,150, semi-detached and terraced houses were cheaper at £226,465 and £217,128 respectively. An apartment or flat costs on average £216,097, more than any other part of Dorset. The average house prices in Poole
Poole
are boosted by those in Sandbanks which had the fourth most expensive house prices in the world in 2000; in 2007 the average house price was £488,761. A study in 2006 by the National Housing Federation reported that Poole
Poole
was the most unaffordable town in which to live in the UK.

POPULATION GROWTH IN POOLE SINCE 1801

YEAR 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001

POPULATION 6,682 6,752 9,021 9,401 9,901 10,595 12,152 13,710 15,267 20,446 29,068 41,344 50,024 60,527 71,089 83,494 94,598 107,204 117,133 135,066 138,299

% CHANGE – +1.1 +33.6 +4.2 +5.3 +7 +14.7 +12.8 +11.4 +33.9 +42.2 +42.2 +30 +30 +17.5 +17.5 +13.3 +13.3 +9.3 +15.3 +2.4

SOURCE: A Vision of Britain through Time

ECONOMY

POOLE\\'S EMPLOYMENT STRUCTURE

SECTOR POOLE DORSET GREAT BRITAIN

Agriculture 0.1% 0.4% 0.9%

Energy and Water 1.1% 0.6% 0.8%

Manufacturing 16.8% 13.4% 13.4%

Construction 3.3% 4.0% 4.5%

Services 78.7% 81.7% 80.5%

Poole's economy is more balanced than the rest of Dorset. In the 1960s prosperity was fuelled by growth in the manufacturing sector , whereas the 1980s and 1990s saw expansion in the service sector as office based employers relocated to the area. The importance of manufacturing has declined since the 1960s but still employed approximately 17% of the workforce in 2002 and remains more prominent than in the economy of Great Britain as a whole. Sunseeker , the world's largest privately owned builder of motor yachts and the UK's largest manufacturer, is based in Poole
Poole
and employs over 1,800 people in its Poole
Poole
shipyards . Other major employers in the local manufacturing industry include Faerch Plast, Hamworthy Heating, Hamworthy Combustion, Lush , Mathmos , Kerry Foods, Transmission Developments, Eurac, Siemens
Siemens
, Southernprint and Ryvita . Poole
Poole
has the largest number of industrial estates in South East Dorset
Dorset
, including the Nuffield Industrial estate, Mannings Heath, Arena Business Park, Poole
Poole
Trade Park and the Branksome Business Centre. The Sunseeker shipyards opposite Poole
Poole
Quay
Quay

The service sector is the principal economy of Poole; a large number of employees work for the service economy of local residents or for the tourist economy. During the 1970s, Poole's less restrictive regional planning policies attracted businesses wishing to relocate from London. These included employers in the banking and financial sector, such as Barclays Bank
Barclays Bank
(who operate a regional headquarters in Poole), American Express Bank and the corporate trust division of Bank of New York
York
Mellon . Other important service sector employers include the national headquarters and college of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) , the UK headquarters of Fitness First , Bournemouth
Bournemouth
University and Arts University Bournemouth
Bournemouth
. Poole
Poole
is also the headquarters for clothing company Animal , cosmetics manufacturer, Lush , and Merlin Entertainments , the world's second-largest theme park operator after Disney
Disney
. The Dolphin Shopping Centre is Poole's main retail area, and the largest indoor shopping centre in Dorset. It opened in 1969 as an Arndale Centre , and underwent three major refurbishments in 1980, 1989 and 2004. The centre provides 47,000 square metres (510,000 sq ft) of retail space with 110 stores and two multi-storey car parks with 1,400 parking spaces. A pedestrianised high street containing shops, bars, public houses and restaurants connects the Dolphin Centre with the historic Old Town area and Poole Quay. Tourism is important to the Poole's economy and was worth an estimated £158 million in 2002. Poole's Harbour, Quay, Poole
Poole
Pottery and the beaches are some of the main attractions for visitors. Visitor accommodation consists of hotels, guest houses and bed and breakfast rooms located around the town, particularly in Sandbanks and the town centre. Rockley Park, a large caravan site in Hamworthy , is owned and operated by Haven Holidays . Barclays House in the town centre

Since the 1970s, Poole
Poole
has become one of Britain's busiest ports. Investment in new port facilities in Hamworthy, and the deepening of shipping channels allowed considerable growth in cross-channel freight and passenger traffic. The port is a destination for bulk cargo imports such as steel, timber, bricks, fertiliser, grain, aggregates and palletised traffic. Export cargoes include clay, sand, fragmented steel and grain. Commercial ferry operators run regular passenger and freight services from Poole
Poole
to Cherbourg
Cherbourg
, St Malo and the Channel Islands . The Royal Marines operate out of the harbour at RM Poole , established in Hamworthy in 1954. The base is home to special forces unit the Special Boat Service and a detachment of the Royal Marines Reserve . In 2008, 105 fishing boats were registered and licensed to the port and held a permit issued by the Southern Sea Fisheries District Committee (SSFDC) to fish commercially. It is the largest port in terms of licences in the SSFDC district which covers the coastline of Dorset, Hampshire
Hampshire
and the Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
, and one of the largest registered fishing fleets in the UK. However, the fleet is gradually declining because of rising fuel costs and restrictive fishing quotas introduced by the European Union
European Union
. A large number of unlicensed boats also operate charted or private angling excursions.

LANDMARKS

Poole
Poole
Quay, once a busy centre of maritime trade, has become increasingly popular with tourists.

Poole
Poole
Quay
Quay
is a visitor attraction to the south of the town centre lined with a mixture of traditional public houses, new bars, redeveloped warehouses, modern apartment blocks and historic listed buildings . Once the busy centre of Poole's maritime industry , all port activities moved to Hamworthy in the 1970s as the Quay
Quay
became increasingly popular with tourists. The Grade II* listed Customs House on the quay-front was built in 1814 and now functions as a restaurant and bar. Nearby the Grade I listed Town Cellars, a medieval warehouse built in the 15th century on the foundations of a 14th-century stone building, houses a local history centre. Scaplen\'s Court , another Grade I listed building, also dates from the medieval era. Poole Pottery has been redeveloped into an apartment block . Boats regularly depart from the quay during the summer and provide cruises around the harbour and to Brownsea Island , the River Frome and Swanage . Public artworks along the Quay
Quay
include _Sea Music_ – a large metal sculpture designed by Sir Anthony Caro , and a life-size bronze sculpture of Robert Baden-Powell created to celebrate the founding of the Scout Movement on Brownsea Island. At the western end of the quay near the mouth of Holes Bay
Holes Bay
is Poole Bridge . Built in 1927, it is the third bridge to be located on the site since 1834.

Poole's Guildhall has played a varied part in the history of the town. A Grade II* listed building , the Guildhall was built in 1761 at a cost of £2,250. The new building included an open market house on the ground floor and a courtroom and offices for the town council on the first floor and has also been used as a Court of Record , Magistrates\' Court , Court of Admiralty and a venue for Quarter Sessions . Between 1819 and 1821 the building was consecrated as a Parish Church while the old St. James Church was pulled down and replaced with the present church. During the Second World War
Second World War
the building was used as a canteen and meeting room for American soldiers prior to the invasion of France
France
. The showers and washing facilities installed at this time were later converted into public baths which were used until the 1960s. The building was converted for use as the town museum between 1971 and 1991 but stood empty for the next 16 years. After a renovation project funded by Poole
Poole
Borough Council, the restored Guildhall opened in June 2007 as a Register Office for weddings, civil partnerships and other civic ceremonies. Poole Bay and the beaches of Poole
Poole
and Bournemouth
Bournemouth

Poole
Poole
has several urban parks – the largest is Poole Park adjacent to Poole Harbour and the town centre. It opened in 1890 and is one of two Victorian parks in Poole. Designated a Conservation Area
Conservation Area
in 1995 and awarded a Green Flag in 2008, the park comprises 44.3 hectares (109 acres) of which 24 hectares (59 acres) include the park's man-made lake and ponds. The park contains two children's play areas, a miniature railway , tennis courts, a bowling green , a miniature golf course, an Italian restaurant and an indoor ice rink for children. A cricket field and pavilion at the eastern end are home to Poole
Poole
Town Cricket Club and water sport activities such as sailing, windsurfing, kayaking and rowing take place on the large lake. A war memorial stands in the centre of the park as a monument to Poole citizens killed during the First and Second World Wars . The park hosts several road races such as the Race for Life and the annual Poole
Poole
Festival of Running.

Poole's sandy beaches are a popular tourist destination extending 4.8 kilometres (3.0 mi) along Poole Bay
Poole Bay
from the Sandbanks peninsular to Branksome Dene Chine
Chine
at the border with Bournemouth
Bournemouth
. The beaches are divided into four areas: Sandbanks, Shore Road, Canford Cliffs Chine
Chine
and Branksome Chine. Poole's beaches have been awarded the European Blue Flag for cleanliness and safety 21 times since 1987, more than any other British seaside resort and in 2000 the Tidy Britain Group resort survey rated Poole's beaches among the top five in the country. Along the seafront there are seaside cafés, restaurants, beach huts and numerous water-sports facilities. Royal National Lifeboat Institution Beach Rescue lifeguards patrol the coastline in the busy summer season between May and September.

RELIGIOUS SITES

The Parish Church of St. James , built in 1819

Poole
Poole
falls within the Church of England Diocese of Salisbury and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Plymouth
Plymouth
. Poole
Poole
has many sites of Christian worship including five Grade II* and five Grade II listed churches, but no notable sites of worship for any other major religious groups . The Grade II* St James\' Church is a simplified Gothic Revival style Church of England parish church
Church of England parish church
in the Old Town which was rebuilt in 1820. The previous church on the site was first mentioned in documents from 1142 and had been extensively rebuilt in the 16th century, but in 1819 it was deemed structurally unsafe by a surveyors report. The United Reformed Church
United Reformed Church
hall, also in the town centre, is a Grade II* building built in 1777. The other Grade II* churches are: St. Peter's Parish Church in Parkstone
Parkstone
which was first built in 1833 and replaced in 1876; St Dunstan of Canterbury Orthodox Church , also in Parkstone, an Antiochian Orthodox church, formerly the Anglican Church of St Osmund, in a Neo-Byzantine style building; and the Parish Church of St. Aldhelm in Branksome , built by the architects Bodley and Garner in 1892 in the Gothic Revival style. Described by English Heritage as "one of Poole's most important landmarks", the Gothic Revival church of St Mary\'s in Longfleet , built in 1833, is one of Poole's Grade II listed churches.

SPORT AND RECREATION

Poole Harbour and Poole Bay
Poole Bay
are popular areas for a number of recreational pursuits, including sailing, windsurfing , surfing , kitesurfing and water skiing . The harbour's large areas of sheltered waters attract windsurfers, particularly around the northern and eastern shores. Water skiing takes place in the harbour in a special designated area known as the Wareham Channel. The waters around the harbour, Poole Bay
Poole Bay
and Studland Bay are also popular for recreational angling and diving.

Poole's wide and sandy beaches are used for swimming, sunbathing, water sports and sailing. The beaches at Sandbanks are often used for sporting events such as the Sandbanks Beach Volleyball Festival, and the annual British Beach polo Championship.

Since 1999 the town's Rossmore Leisure Centre has hosted the GMPD Poole
Poole
Gymnastics Competition every October with the Holiday Inn Express hosting some of the competitors as well as a Disco on the Saturday evening, hundreds of competitors from across the country compete each year, the competition celebrates its 14th Anniversary in 2013.

Dorset
Dorset
Dolphins VI Cricket Club - Est 2013 - Visually Impaired Cricket Team - Representing Dorset
Dorset
- Steve Bailey - Captain / Coach

SAILING

Poole Harbour is one of the largest centres for sailing in the UK with yacht clubs including Lilliput Sailing Club, Parkstone
Parkstone
Yacht Club and Poole
Poole
Yacht Club. Parkstone
Parkstone
Yacht Club hosted the OK Dinghy World Championships in 2004, the J/24 National Championships in 2006 and the J/24 European Championships in 2007, and are the organisers of Youth Week and Poole
Poole
Week – two of the largest annual dinghy regattas of their type in the country. Poole Stadium
Poole Stadium
is a greyhound racing venue and home to the Poole Pirates speedway team.

FOOTBALL

Poole's oldest football team is Poole Town F.C. , a semi-professional team who play in the National League South – the sixth tier of the English football league system . Established in 1880, the team has had erratic success at their level; they have never risen above non-League levels but once reached the third round of the FA Cup
FA Cup
. They played at Poole Stadium
Poole Stadium
until 1994 and have since settled at Tatnam Farm, sharing the school playing field with Oakdale Junior School. Poole's other football teams are Hamworthy United , who formed in 1970 and also play in the Wessex
Wessex
Premier League, and amateur team Poole
Poole
Borough F.C. who play in the Dorset
Dorset
Premier League . Poole is one of the largest towns in England without a professional football team.

SPEEDWAY

Poole's motorcycle speedway team, the Poole Pirates , were established and began racing at Poole Stadium
Poole Stadium
in 1948 in the National League Division Three . The team now races in the top tier of league racing (the Elite League ) which they won in 2008 , 2011 , 2013 , and 2014 . Poole Stadium
Poole Stadium
is also a venue for greyhound racing ; race nights occur three days a week throughout the year.

SCOUTING

Poole
Poole
has three of the oldest Scout Association groups in the world. 1st Parkstone
Parkstone
Air Scout Group holds records dating back to February 1908 and 1st Hamworthy Scout Group has records dating back to October 1908; both groups were formed out of the original Boys Brigade units that had members take part in the original Scout Camp in 1907. Broadstone Group has records dating back to December 1908 and was home to the first King's/Queen\'s Scout .

NATURE PARKS

Working with the Dorset
Dorset
Wildlife Trust , Poole
Poole
Council has opened two nature parks:

* Holes Bay
Holes Bay
Nature Park , opened in 2015, includes Upton Country Park . The bay is an important feeding and roosting site for wetland birds. * Corfe Barrows Nature Park , opened in 2016, is a group of eight natural sites, including Happy Bottom Nature Reserve, that is being jointly managed for wildlife and people in the north of the borough.

WALKING

Poole
Poole
Tourism has developed and signed a number of trails and circular walks, collectively called the Poole Harbour Trails .

CYCLING

Poole
Poole
has a cycle network of over 50 miles and a number of scenic and long-distance routes including the Castleman Trailway , the Poole Heritage Cycle Route and the Bourne Valley Greenway .

CULTURE

The Lighthouse Arts Centre in Poole
Poole
is the largest arts centre in England outside London

The 'Beating of the bounds ' is an ancient annual custom first carried out in 1612, which revives the traditional checking of the sea boundaries awarded to Poole
Poole
by the Cinque Port of Winchelsea in 1364. The Admiral of the Port of Poole
Poole
(the mayor) and other dignitaries, and members of the public sail from the mouth of the River Frome to Old Harry Rocks to confirm the Mayor's authority over the water boundaries of the harbour and check for any encroachments. As there are no physical landmarks that can be beaten at sea, traditionally children from Poole
Poole
were encouraged to remember the bounds of their town by taking part in the 'Pins and Points' ceremony involving the beating of a boy and pricking of a girl's hand with a needle. In modern times, the acts have been symbolically carried out.

Poole's _Summertime in the South_ is an annual programme providing various events on Poole
Poole
Quay
Quay
and Sandbanks from May until September. During June and July, live music, street entertainment and a large firework display take place on Poole
Poole
Quay
Quay
every Thursday evening. In August, the entertainment moves to the beaches at Sandbanks.

Poole's Lighthouse is the largest arts centre complex in the United Kingdom outside London. Built in 1978, the centre contains a cinema, concert hall , studio , theatre, image lab and media suite and galleries featuring exhibitions of contemporary photography and modern digital art . The venue underwent an £8.5 million refurbishment in 2002, paid for by the Arts Council England , the Borough of Poole and private donations. The centre's concert hall has been the residence of the Bournemouth
Bournemouth
Symphony Orchestra 's main concert series since their former base at the Bournemouth
Bournemouth
Winter Gardens closed in 1985. Situated in the centre of the Old Town, Poole Museum illustrates the story of the area and its people and the collections reflect the cultural, social and industrial history of Poole. Displays include the Poole Logboat
Poole Logboat
and a detailed history of Poole
Poole
from the Iron Age
Iron Age
to the present day. The museum has a floor devoted to the history of Poole Pottery and some of the company's products are on display. Entrance to the museum is free.

TRANSPORT

The main transport features in Dorset
Dorset
Poole
Poole
railway station

The A350 road is Poole
Poole
town centre's main artery, running north along Holes Bay
Holes Bay
and on to the A35 , and as a single carriageway to Bath and Bristol
Bristol
. To the east, the A337 road leads to Lymington and the New Forest . The A35 trunk road runs from Devon
Devon
to Southampton
Southampton
and connects to the A31 on the outskirts of the town. The A31, the major trunk road in central southern England, connects to the M27 motorway at Southampton. From here the M3 motorway leads to London, and fast access may also be gained via the A34 to the M4 north of Newbury . Poole Bridge , a narrow bascule bridge constructed in 1927, connects the town centre and Hamworthy. Approval for a second bridge was given by the Department for Transport in 2006 and the £37 million Twin Sails bridge was completed in 2012. A road link to Studland and the Isle of Purbeck across the narrow entrance of Poole Harbour is provided by the Sandbanks Ferry .

Most local bus services are run by morebus who are based at the town's bus station and have served Poole
Poole
since 1983. morebus operate networks across Poole, Bournemouth
Bournemouth
, Christchurch and Salisbury
Salisbury
, in addition to operations on the Isle of Purbeck and the New Forest
New Forest
. Other services are run by Bournemouth-based Yellow Buses
Yellow Buses
and Damory Coaches . Poole
Poole
is connected to towns and villages along the Jurassic Coast by the First Hampshire
Hampshire
a smaller campus is situated in Bournemouth
Bournemouth
itself. Media courses are the university's strength, and recent teaching quality assessments have resulted in ratings of 'excellent' for courses in the areas of communication and media, business and management, catering and hospitality, archaeology and nursing and midwifery. The Arts University Bournemouth
Bournemouth
was designated as a university in 2012 and is located at Wallisdown . It offers undergraduate , foundation degree , postgraduate and further education courses in contemporary arts, design and media.

PUBLIC SERVICES

Poole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust is the trauma centre for East Dorset
Dorset

Home Office
Home Office
policing is provided by the Poole
Poole
and Bournemouth Division of Dorset
Dorset
Police which has one police station in Poole
Poole
on Wimborne Road in the town centre. Dorset
Dorset
Fire and Rescue Service provides statutory emergency fire and rescue services for Poole
Poole
and are based at Poole
Poole
Fire Station in Creekmoor which opened in 2008. The former fire station on Wimborne Road was demolished in 2008 and was replaced with a joint fire and police divisional headquarters which opened in 2009.

Poole Hospital is a large NHS Foundation Trust hospital in Longfleet with 638 beds. It opened in 1969 as Poole
Poole
General Hospital, replacing Poole's Cornelia Hospital which had stood on the site since 1907. The hospital is the major trauma center for East Dorset
Dorset
and provides core services such as child health and maternity for a catchment area including Bournemouth
Bournemouth
and Christchurch. Specialist services such as neurological care and cancer treatment are also provided for the rest of Dorset. The South Western Ambulance Service
South Western Ambulance Service
provides emergency patient transport.

Waste management and recycling are co-ordinated by Poole
Poole
Borough Council in partnership with Viridor . Locally produced inert waste is sent to landfill for disposal. Recycle waste is taken to Viridor's Materials Recycling Facility in Crayford for processing. Poole's distribution network operator for electricity is Scottish and Southern Energy . Drinking and waste water is managed by Wessex
Wessex
Water ; groundwater sources in Wiltshire
Wiltshire
and Dorset
Dorset
provide 75% of drinking water, the rest comes from reservoirs fed by rivers and streams.

MEDIA

Poole
Poole
has one main local newspaper, the _Daily Echo _, which is owned by Newsquest . Published since 1900, the newspaper features news from Poole, Bournemouth
Bournemouth
and the surrounding area. Issues appear Monday through Saturday with an average daily circulation of 13,579. For local television, Poole
Poole
is served by the BBC South studios based in Southampton
Southampton
, and ITV Meridian from studios in Whiteley
Whiteley
. Local radio stations broadcasting to the town include BBC Radio Solent , Wave 105 , Heart Solent , Sam FM , Fire Radio and Hot Radio .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

The town has been the birthplace and home to notable people, of national and international acclaim. Former residents include British radio disc jockey Tony Blackburn , the artist Augustus John , John Lennon 's aunt and parental guardian Mimi Smith , and _The Lord of the Rings _ author J. R. R. Tolkien who lived in Poole
Poole
for four years during his retirement. Alfred Russel Wallace , the 19th century explorer, naturalist and co-formulator of the theory of evolution by natural selection , moved to Poole
Poole
in 1902 when he was 78 years old and is buried in Broadstone cemetery.

Notable people born in Poole
Poole
include Greg Lake of the band Emerson, Lake -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

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