The Info List - Pool Malebo

--- Advertisement ---

The Pool Malebo, formerly Stanley Pool, also known as Lake Nkunda by local indigenous people in pre-colonial times[citation needed], is a lake-like widening in the lower reaches of the Congo River.[1] The former name Stanley Pool was named after early European explorer and journalist Henry Morton Stanley.


1 Description 2 Geography 3 Ecology

3.1 Flora 3.2 Fauna

3.2.1 Fish

4 References


Map of Stanley Pool

The Pool Malebo
Pool Malebo
is about 35 km (22 mi) long, 23 km (14 mi) wide and 500 km2 in surface area. Its central part is occupied by M'Bamou or Bamu Island[1] (180 km2), which is Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
territory. The pool is shallow with depths of 3–10 m, while water levels vary by as much as 3 m over the course of a year at an average altitude of 272 m (900 ft). Geography[edit] The capitals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
and the Republic of the Congo— Kinshasa
and Brazzaville, respectively—are located on opposite shores of Pool Malebo. These are the two closest capital cities in the world (other than Rome, Italy
and Vatican City, which are actually contiguous). The Pool is the beginning of the navigable part of the Congo River upstream to the cities of Mbandaka, Kisangani
and Bangui. Downstream, the river descends hundreds of meters in a series of rapids known as the Livingstone Falls[2]:Vol.Two,255 to reach sea level at the port of Boma after a trajectory of 300 km. Ecology[edit] Flora[edit] There are many palm and papyrus swamps along the edges of the river and pool, and often movement of floating mats of Eichhornia
plants.[3] Fauna[edit] Fish[edit] Most fish endemic to the area are catfishes, including the mountain catfish, L. brieni, Leptoglanis mandevillei, L. bouilloni and Atopochilus chabanaudi, an upside-down catfish.[3] The area has over 200 fish species documented, with Mormyrids as the most common with over 40 species, and with the highest diversification.[3]

Aerial view of Pool Malebo
Pool Malebo
from above Kinshasa

Stanley's route is depicted by the solid black line.

View of Stanley Pool from Leopoldville, 1889


^ a b "Malebo Pool". Encyclopædia Britannica. Accessed June 2011. ^ Stanley, H.M., 1899, Through the Dark Continent, London: G. Newnes, Vol. One ISBN 0486256677, Vol. Two ISBN 0486256685 ^ a b c "Malebo Pool" Archived 2011-10-05 at the Wayback Machine.. Freshwater Ecoregions of the World. The Nature Conservancy. Accessed June 2011.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pool Malebo.

v t e

Regions of Africa

Central Africa

Guinea region

Gulf of Guinea

Cape Lopez Mayombe Igboland


Maputaland Pool Malebo Congo Basin Chad Basin Congolese rainforests Ouaddaï highlands Ennedi Plateau

East Africa

African Great Lakes

Albertine Rift East African Rift Great Rift Valley Gregory Rift Rift Valley lakes Swahili coast Virunga Mountains Zanj

Horn of Africa

Afar Triangle Al-Habash Barbara Danakil Alps Danakil Desert Ethiopian Highlands Gulf of Aden Gulf of Tadjoura

Indian Ocean islands

Comoros Islands

North Africa


Barbary Coast Bashmur Ancient Libya Atlas Mountains

Nile Valley

Cataracts of the Nile Darfur Gulf of Aqaba Lower Egypt Lower Nubia Middle Egypt Nile Delta Nuba Mountains Nubia The Sudans Upper Egypt

Western Sahara

West Africa

Pepper Coast Gold Coast Slave Coast Ivory Coast Cape Palmas Cape Mesurado Guinea region

Gulf of Guinea

Niger Basin Guinean Forests of West Africa Niger Delta Inner Niger Delta

Southern Africa


Central Highlands (Madagascar) Northern Highlands


North South

Thembuland Succulent Karoo Nama Karoo Bushveld Highveld Fynbos Cape Floristic Region Kalahari Desert Okavango Delta False Bay Hydra Bay


Aethiopia Arab world Commonwealth realm East African montane forests Eastern Desert Equatorial Africa Françafrique Gibraltar Arc Greater Middle East Islands of Africa List of countries where Arabic is an official language Mediterranean Basin MENA MENASA Middle East Mittelafrika Negroland Northeast Africa Portuguese-speaking African countries Sahara Sahel Sub-Saharan Africa Sudan (region) Sudanian Savanna Tibesti Mountains Tropical Africa

This Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
location article is a stub. You can help by expanding it.

v t e

This Democratic Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
location article is a stub. You can help by expandi