Ponorogo is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia. It is
considered the birthplace of
Reog Ponorogo, a traditional Indonesian
dance form. The Regency covers an area of 1,305.70 sq. km, and it
had a population of 1,131,081 at the 2010 Census; the latest
official estimate (as at 2015) is 1,241,306.
5 Sport and recreation
9 External links
Ponorogo Regency is located in the southwestern part of the province
East Java on the border with
Central Java province. It lies
approximately 200 km south-west of Surabaya, the provincial
capital of East Java. The regency lies between 92 and 2563 meters
above sea level and covers an area of about 1,305.7 km2.
According to the Babad Ponorogo history, Ponorogo was founded when
Bathoro Katong conquered the Wengker region. This region had
previously been controlled by Suryo Ngalam Wengker. Bathoro Katong
originally settled in modern-day
Pekalongan in what is now the village
Setono in district Jenangan. Though faced with many obstacles, Raden
Katong, Aji Selo, and Ki Ageng Mirah and his family continued to
establish settlements in the region.
With the consent of all parties, Bathoro Katong established the Duchy
Ponorogo on 11 August 1496. This date is celebrated as the founding
of Ponorogo, and is corroborated by ancient objects, such as a pair of
stone gilang located in front of the fifth gate of the Katong Batara
tomb complex. The gilang contains the forms of a human meditating,
trees, eagle and elephants (candrasengkala gilang memet); all of which
combine to represent the Saka year 1496.
Ponorogo, generally considered the birthplace of Reog, is also known
by the names City (of)
Reog and City (of) Rasta. Each year in
Muharram, Ponorogo holds a series of events called Grebeg Suro, "the
party of the people". Grebeg Suro involves many traditional events
such as the National
Reog Festival, the Heritage Carnival and the
Larungan Proceedings of Prayer, held at Lake Ngebel.
On 11 August, the anniversary of the founding of the Ponorogo Regency
is celebrated. It commemorates 11 August 1496, when Bathara Katong,
the first leader of Ponorogo, went from the Old Town to the Central
City of Ponorogo and crowned himself the first Duke of Ponorogo.
Ponorogo is also known for its culinary specialties such as Sate
Ponorogo — grilled marinated chicken – served in peanut sauce,
garnished with shredded shallots, chilli paste and lime juice.
Ponogoro is home to many boarding schools, in particular the Pondok
Modern Darussalam Gontor, which is located in the village of Gontor in
the Mlarak District.
Sport and recreation
Telaga (lake) Ngebel covers approximately 150 hectares, and is popular
for jet skiing and other water sports. The lake is roughly a one-hour
drive (about 30 kilometers) from Ponorogo or Madiun.
In the Otonomy Awards 2011,
Ponorogo Regency received the Grand Award
of Public Service Innovation.
Ponorogo has 65-95% of humidity. The maximum humidity is 95% and the
average humidity is 80%. The wind velocity of Ponorogo is within the
range of 0-7 km/hr. The maximum wind velocity is 7 km/hr and the
average is 4 km/hr. The temperature of this City is within the range
of 21.0°C-33.3°C with the average temperature is 27.2°C.
Average Temperature (Celsius)
Min Temperature (Celsius)
Max Temperature (Celsius)
^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
^ Philips,, C.H., ed. (1951). Handbook of Oriental History. Royal
Historical Society. p. 265.
ASIN B0088L3G6I (UK). CS1 maint:
Extra text: authors list (link)
^ "Telaga ngebel - Ponorogo". Retrieved 19 December 2013.
^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30
September 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ponorogo Regency.
(in Indonesian) Official website
(in Indonesian) Ponorogo Online Community Forum
(in Indonesian) Paguyuban Warga Ponorogo
(in Indonesian) Kotareyog.com – Blogger Warok Ponorogo Community
(in Indonesian) Ponorogo News
Regencies and cities of East Java
See also: List of regencies and cities of Indonesia