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PONOROGO is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java
East Java
, Indonesia
Indonesia
. It is considered the birthplace of Reog
Reog
Ponorogo , a traditional Indonesian dance form. The Regency covers an area of 1,305.70 sq. km, and it had a population of 955.281 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate (as at 2015) is 1.201.306.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Culture * 4 Education * 5 Sport and recreation * 6 Recognition * 7 Climate * 8 References * 9 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Ponorogo Regency
Ponorogo Regency
is located in the southwestern part of the province of East Java
East Java
on the border with Central Java
Central Java
province. It lies approximately 200 km south-west of Surabaya
Surabaya
, the provincial capital of East Java. The regency lies between 92 and 2563 meters above sea level and covers an area of about 1,305.7 km2.

HISTORY

According to the Babad Ponorogo history, Ponorogo was founded when Bathoro Katong conquered the Wengker region. This region had previously been controlled by Suryo Ngalam Wengker. Bathoro Katong originally settled in modern-day Pekalongan
Pekalongan
in what is now the village Setono in district Jenangan . Though faced with many obstacles, Raden Katong, Aji Selo, and Ki Ageng Mirah and his family continued to establish settlements in the region.

With the consent of all parties, Bathoro Katong established the Duchy Ponorogo on 11 August 1496. This date is celebrated as the founding of Ponorogo, and is corroborated by ancient objects, such as a pair of stone gilang located in front of the fifth gate of the Katong Batara tomb complex. The gilang contains the forms of a human meditating, trees, eagle and elephants (candrasengkala gilang memet); all of which combine to represent the Saka year 1496.

CULTURE

Ponorogo, generally considered the birthplace of Reog
Reog
, is also known by the names City (of) Reog
Reog
and City (of) Rasta. Each year in Muharram , Ponorogo holds a series of events called Grebeg Suro, "the party of the people". Grebeg Suro involves many traditional events such as the National Reog
Reog
Festival, the Heritage Carnival and the Larungan Proceedings of Prayer, held at Lake Ngebel.

On 11 August, the anniversary of the founding of the Ponorogo Regency is celebrated. It commemorates 11 August 1496, when Bathara Katong, the first leader of Ponorogo, went from the Old Town to the Central City of Ponorogo and crowned himself the first Duke of Ponorogo.

Ponorogo is also known for its culinary specialties such as Sate Ponorogo — grilled marinated chicken – served in peanut sauce, garnished with shredded shallots, chilli paste and lime juice.

EDUCATION

Ponogoro is home to many boarding schools, in particular the Pondok Modern Darussalam Gontor, which is located in the village of Gontor in the Mlarak District.

SPORT AND RECREATION

Telaga (lake) Ngebel covers approximately 150 hectares, and is popular for jet skiing and other water sports. The lake is roughly a one-hour drive (about 30 kilometers) from Ponorogo or Madiun
Madiun
.

RECOGNITION

In the Otonomy Awards 2011, Ponorogo Regency
Ponorogo Regency
received the Grand Award of Public Service Innovation.

CLIMATE

Ponorogo has 65-95% of humidity. The maximum humidity is 95% and the average humidity is 80%. The wind velocity of Ponorogo is within the range of 0-7 km/hr. The maximum wind velocity is 7 km/hr and the average is 4 km/hr. The temperature of this City is within the range of 21.0°C-33.3°C with the average temperature is 27.2°C.

MONTH 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Average Temperature (Celsius) 27.4 26.4 27.4 27.1 26.2 26.7 26.6 27.4 27.7 28.4 27.5 27.0

Min Temperature (Celsius) 22.7 21.7 22.6 22.6 21.0 22.1 22.0 23.3 22.7 23.4 22.2 22.4

Max Temperature (Celsius) 32.1 31.1 32.2 31.6 31.3 31.3 31.2 31.5 32.7 33.3 32.7 31.5

REFERENCES

* ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011. * ^ Philips,, C.H., ed. (1951). Handbook of Oriental History. Royal Historical Society. p. 265. ASIN
ASIN
B0088L3G6I (UK). CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ "Telaga ngebel - Ponorogo". Retrieved 19 December 2013. * ^

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