The pomelo is one of the four original citrus species from which the rest of cultivated citrus hybridized .
* 1 Etymology * 2 Description and uses * 3 Drug interactions
* 4 Varieties
* 4.1 Non-hybrid pomelos * 4.2 Possible non-hybrid pomelos * 4.3 Hybrids
* 5 Gallery * 6 References * 7 External links
Flowering and fruiting branch with numbered fruit segment and flower section. Chromolithograph by P. Depannemaeker, c. 1885, after B. Hoola van Nooten
The etymology of the word "pomelo" is complex. In the Tamil language it is called "pampa limāsu", which means big citrus. The name was adopted by the Portuguese as "pomposos limões" and then by the Dutch as "pompelmoes". The name can be found with some deviations in many European languages, for example German (Pampelmuse), Latvian (Pampelmūze), Ido (Pompelmuso), whereas some other languages use "pomelo" (Turkish, Norwegian, Polish, Bulgarian).
This fruit is often called by "shedock" by English authors from the name of a British captain. However, another theory proposed that "pomelo" is an alteration of a compound of English names pome ("apple") + melon.
DESCRIPTION AND USES
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Closeup of pomelo petiole
The fruit is usually pale green to yellow when ripe, with sweet white (or, more rarely, pink or red) flesh, and a very thick albedo (rind pith). It is a large citrus fruit, 15–25 centimetres (5.9–9.8 in) in diameter, usually weighing 1–2 kilograms (2.2–4.4 lb). Leaf petioles are distinctly winged.
The fruit tastes like a sweet, mild grapefruit (which is itself
believed to be a hybrid of
The peel is sometimes used to make marmalade , can be candied, and is
sometimes dipped in chocolate. In Brazil, the thick skin is often used
for making a sweet conserve, while the spongy pith of the rind is
The fruit is said to have been introduced to Japan by a Cantonese
captain in the An\'ei era (1772–1781). There are two varieties: a
sweet kind with white flesh and a sour kind with pinkish flesh, the
latter more likely to be used as an altar decoration than actually
It is one of the ingredients of "Forbidden Fruit ", a liqueur dating back to the early 20th century that also contains honey and brandy. This liqueur is most famously used in the Dorchester cocktail.
Main article: Grapefruit–drug interactions
Some medicines may interact dangerously with pomelos and some pomelo hybrids, including grapefruit , some limes, and some oranges .
POSSIBLE NON-HYBRID POMELOS
The pomelo is one of the four original citrus species (the others being citron , mandarin , and papeda ), from which the rest of cultivated citrus hybridized . In particular, the common orange and the grapefruit are assumed to be natural occurring hybrids between the pomelo and the mandarin, with the pomelo providing the bigger size and greater firmness.
The pomelo is also employed today in artificial breeding programs:
* The tangelo is any hybrid between
* 'K–Early' ('Sunrise Tangelo')
* 'Minneola ': Bowen grapefruit × Dancy tangerine
* 'Orlando' (formerly Take'): Bowen grapefruit × Dancy tangerine
This white hybrid
Pink pomelo juice vesicles *
Cluster of flower buds *
Pink pomelo *
Tam som-o nam pu: spicy Thai pomelo salad with crab extract
* ^ "Shaddock". Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
Retrieved 1 January 2017.
American Heritage Dictionary , 1973.
* ^ “pomelo, n.” listed in the OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY
* ^ "Pummelo". Hort.purdue.edu. Retrieved 2012-01-07.
* ^ Growing the granddaddy of grapefruit, SFGate.com, December 25,
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