The POLYGAR WARS or PALAIYAKKARAR WARS were wars fought between the
FIRST POLYGAR WAR
The war between the British and
After a series of battles in the
Panchalankurichi fort with
additional reinforcements from
Subramania Pillai , a close associate of Kattabomman, was also publicly hanged and his head was fixed on a pike at Panchalankurichi for public view. Soundra Pandian, another rebel leader, was brutally killed by having his head smashed against a village wall. Kattabomman’s brother Oomaidurai was imprisoned in Palayamkottai prison while the fort was razed to the ground and wealth looted by the troops.
SECOND POLYGAR WAR
Despite the suppression of the First
The Palayakarrars had artillery and a weapon manufacturing unit in
The British finally won after a long expensive campaign that took more than a year. The Company forces led by Lt. Colonel Agnew laid siege to the Panchalankurichi fort and captured it in May 1801 after a prolonged siege and artillery bombardment. Oomaithurai escaped the fall of the fort and joined Maruthu brothers at their jungle fort at Kalayar Kovil. The Company forces pursued him there and eventually captured Kalayar Kovil in October 1801. Oomaithurai and the Maruthu brothers were hanged on 16 November 1801 at Odanilai. Dheeran Chinnamalai continued to fight until he was betrayed by his cook nallapan and subsequently hanged in 1805.
The suppression of the
LATER DAY FOLKLORE
In subsequent years, legend and folklore developed around Dheeran
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* ^ Gopal Naicker Memorial ready for inauguration - The Hindu - PALANI, June 22, 2012 * ^ Francis 1989 , p. 261. * ^ Dirk 1988 , pp. 19–24. * ^ Madhavan, Karthik. "Chinnamalai, a lesser-known freedom fighter of Kongu soil". The Hindu. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
* Dirk, Nicholas (1988), The Hollow Crown: Ethnohistory of an Indian Kingdom, pp. 19–24, ISBN 978-0-521-05372-3 * Francis, W. (1989), Gazetteer of South India, 1, Mittal Publications, p. 261
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* N. Rajendran, National Movement in Tamil Nadu, 1905-1914 - Agitational Politics and State Coercion, Madras Oxford University Press. * M.P. Manivel, 2003 - Viduthalaipporil Virupachi Gopal Naickar (Tamil Language), New Century Book House, Chennai * Prof. K.Rajayyan M.A., M.Litt, A.M. Ph.D., A History of Freedom Struggle in India * Prof. K.Rajayyan M.A., M.Litt, A.M. Ph.D., South Indian Rebellion - The First War of Independence (1800–1801) * Welsh, James (1830). "Poligar War". Military Reminiscences: Extracted from a Journal of Nearly Forty Years\' Active Service in the East Indies. 1 (Two volume, 2nd ed.). Smith, Elder, and Company. pp.