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PolyGram Entertainment
PolyGram Entertainment
is a film and TV production company owned by Universal Music
Music
Group. PolyGram, founded in 1962 and merged into Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
in 1998, was a Dutch entertainment company, which started as a major record label founded by Dutch Philips
Philips
and German Siemens
Siemens
as a holding company for their music interests in 1972. The name was chosen to reflect the Siemens
Siemens
interest Polydor Records
Polydor Records
and the Philips
Philips
interest Phonogram Records. The company traced its origins through Deutsche Grammophon back to the inventor of the flat disk gramophone, Emil Berliner. Later on, PolyGram
PolyGram
expanded into the largest global entertainment company, creating film and television divisions. In May 1998, it was sold to the alcoholic distiller Seagram
Seagram
which owned film, television and music company MCA Inc.
MCA Inc.
PolyGram
PolyGram
was thereby merged into Universal Music
Music
Group, and PolyGram Filmed Entertainment
PolyGram Filmed Entertainment
was merged into Universal Pictures, which had been both Seagram
Seagram
successors of MCA. When the newly formed entertainment division of Seagram
Seagram
faced financial difficulties, it was sold to Vivendi, and MCA became known as Universal Studios, as Seagram
Seagram
ceased to exist. Vivendi
Vivendi
remains owner of the Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
(while the film and television division was sold to NBCUniversal). In February 2017, Polygram Entertainment
Entertainment
was re-launched as the film & television division of Universal Music
Music
Group.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Hollandsche Decca Distributie (HDD), 1929–1950

2 Philips
Philips
Phonografische Industrie (PPI), 1950–1962

2.1 GPG and PolyGram, 1962–1980 2.2 Reorganization, 1980–1999 2.3 Polygram Entertainment

3 Films 4 TV series 5 Notable labels 6 See also 7 Sources 8 References 9 External links

History Hollandsche Decca Distributie (HDD), 1929–1950 In 1929, Decca Records
Decca Records
(London) licensed record shop owner H.W. Van Zoelen as a distributor in the Netherlands. By 1931, his company Hollandsche Decca Distributie (HDD) had become exclusive Decca distributor for all of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and its colonies.[1] Over the course of the 1930s, HDD put together its own facilities for A&R, recording, and manufacturing. HDD was commercially successful during World War II because of the absence of American and British competition. Van Zoelen wanted to sell to Philips
Philips
so that HDD would have sufficient financial backing when their major competitors returned after the war. This led Philips
Philips
to purchase HDD in 1942.[1] In the mid 20th century, the majority of large recording companies manufactured both gramophones and records; Philips
Philips
CEO Anton Philips noted the risk in creating gramophones without an interest in music recording and record manufacture, and that Radio Corporation of America (RCA) had merged with the Victor Talking Machine Company
Victor Talking Machine Company
in 1929[2] for this reason. Philips' labs were developing magnetic tape and LPs, and they could support eventual new formats, although other record companies were notably unenthusiastic about experimenting with new formats. After the war, Philips
Philips
built a large factory in Doetinchem
Doetinchem
to produce 78 rpm records. Recording took place in Hilversum, whereas development took place in Eindhoven.[3] Philips
Philips
Phonografische Industrie (PPI), 1950–1962 In the 1940s, the record business was spread out within Philips: research in the Eindhoven
Eindhoven
labs, development elsewhere in Eindhoven, recording in Hilversum, manufacturing in Doetinchem, distribution from Amsterdam, and exports from Eindhoven. During the late 1940s, Philips combined its various music businesses into Philips
Philips
Phonografische Industrie (PPI), a wholly owned subsidiary. PPI's early growth was based on alliances. A merger was first proposed with Decca of London in late 1945, but was rejected by Edward Lewis, Decca's owner. ( PolyGram
PolyGram
finally acquired Decca in 1979.) In the early 1950s, Philips
Philips
set itself the goal of making PPI the largest record company in Europe. PPI's second attempt at a merger was with Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft (DGG). DGG, owned by Siemens
Siemens
AG, and well known for its classical repertoire, had been the German licensee for Decca from 1935. DGG also owned Polydor Records. Shortly after PPI was founded it had made a formal alliance with DGG to manufacture each other's records, coordinate releases, and refrain from poaching each other's artists or bidding against each other for new talent. PPI and DGG finally merged in 1962. The alliance with DGG still left PPI without repertoire in Britain or the United States. But in 1951, after Columbia had failed to renew its international distribution agreement with EMI, PPI agreed to distribute Columbia recordings outside the United States. Columbia became PPI's distributor within the US. This agreement ran until 1961 when Columbia set up its own European network. PPI signed a worldwide distribution deal with Mercury Records
Mercury Records
in 1961. PPI's parent company Philips, through its U.S. affiliate Consolidated Electronics Industries Corp (a.k.a. Conelco), acquired Mercury in 1962. PPI built or bought factories in smaller countries. In 1962, PPI had a large factory in Baarn
Baarn
and factories in France, Britain, Denmark, Norway, Spain, Italy, Egypt, Nigeria, and Brazil. PPI played an important role in the introduction of the long-playing vinyl record to Europe. Columbia introduced their LP record
LP record
in 1948 and Philips
Philips
presented its first LP at a record retailers' convention in 1949. Philips' commitment to LP technology was an important factor in its 1951–1961 deal with Columbia.[4] GPG and PolyGram, 1962–1980

PolyGram

Former type

Subsidiary

Industry

Music [Film]] Entertainment

Fate Sold to Seagram
Seagram
and merged into Universal Studios
Universal Studios
creating Universal Music
Music
Group.

Founded 1962; 56 years ago (1962) (as Grammophon- Philips
Philips
Group) (GPG), a joint venture of Philips
Philips
and Siemens

Founder Polydor and Deutsche Grammophon

Defunct 1998; 20 years ago (1998)

Headquarters Baarn, Netherlands

Parent company Philips Siemens

Distributor(s) Self-distributed

In 1962, PPI and DGG formed the Grammophon- Philips
Philips
Group (GPG) as a joint-venture holding company, with Philips
Philips
taking a 50% share in DGG and Siemens
Siemens
a 50% share in PPI. In 1971, the UK record labels of Philips, Fontana, Mercury, and Vertigo were amalgamated into a new company called Phonogram, Ltd. In 1972, Grammophon- Philips
Philips
Group reorganized all it's operations and was renamed The PolyGram
PolyGram
Group (in some countries, like Argentina, its name was Phonogram), of which Philips
Philips
and Siemens
Siemens
each owned 50%. In 1977, both organizations merged operationally, integrating the recording, manufacturing, distribution and marketing into a single organization. The various record labels within PolyGram
PolyGram
continued to operate separately. PolyGram
PolyGram
gave its labels, as A&R organizations, great autonomy. After the merger, PolyGram
PolyGram
began to move into the US and UK markets, and did so by a process of both formation and acquisition: Polydor Records established its American operations, Polydor Incorporated in 1969, Mercury Record Productions (US) was acquired in 1972 from sister company North American Philips
Philips
Corp., and became Phonogram, Inc. MGM Records and Verve (US) were acquired in 1972, RSO (UK) in 1975, a 50% stake in Casablanca (US) in 1977 (with the remaining 50% in 1980), Pickwick in 1978, and Decca (UK) in 1980 (the latter acquisition basically brought PolyGram
PolyGram
full circle, see the HDD section above). PolyGram
PolyGram
acquired United Distribution Corporation (UDC) in 1973, and changed its name to Phonodisc, Inc., and signed international distribution deals with MCA and 20th Century Records in 1976. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, Philips
Philips
had been at work on a new consumer magnetic tape format for music. The Philips
Philips
Compact Cassette came out in 1963. It was small, played longer than an LP and was robust. In 1965 the cassette accounted for 3% of revenues, growing in 1968 to 8% and in 1970 to 10.6%. In the late 1960s, and through the 1970s, GPG/ PolyGram
PolyGram
diversified into film and television production and home video. RSO's successes included Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
and Grease. PolyGram's highly successful marketing during the disco craze included the Casablanca film Thank God It's Friday and its associated soundtrack. During the boom in disco, PolyGram's US market share had gone from 5% to 20%. This can also be attributed to multi-million selling LPs and 45s by ABBA, the Bee Gees, Donna Summer, the Village People, Andy Gibb, Kool & the Gang, and rock band Kiss. For a short while in the late 1970s, it was the world's largest record company.[5] In 1969, PolyGram
PolyGram
established a direct mail-order business in the UK, Britannia Music
Music
Club, which ran till 2007.[6] Reorganization, 1980–1999 Before 1978, with the acquisition of UDC, the distribution organization was too large and PolyGram
PolyGram
was losing money. When US operations were running at full capacity, PolyGram
PolyGram
expanded aggressively, and would press large quantities of records without knowing the demand. In late 1979, PolyGram
PolyGram
was caught off guard by the sudden end of the popularity of disco music, leaving it with an underutilized distribution network, profligate labels, and over optimistic product orders. PolyGram's Casablanca label was infamous for management spending on lavish industry parties, luxury cars and cocaine. After 1980, PolyGram's losses had spiraled upwards of US$220 million. Another contributing factor to PolyGram's financial woes was the massive failure of the big budget 1978 musical Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band. The film starred the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
and Peter Frampton
Peter Frampton
at the height of their popularity, and featured The Beatles
The Beatles
covers by them as well as Aerosmith, Billy Preston, and Earth, Wind & Fire. The film was highly anticipated to surpass the box office success of both the Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
and Grease, mostly due to its popular music stars. The soundtrack LP, based on only advance orders, was released triple platinum.[citation needed] However, the movie was released to poor reviews and died a quick death at the box office. Despite its triple platinum start, the soundtrack LP's sales bombed after the film's release. In turn, record dealers flooded PolyGram with returned LPs. The resulting losses nearly wiped out the profits the company had made on both the Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
and Grease soundtracks. When the disco craze ended in 1979, and record sales for both the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
and Casablanca's Village People
Village People
plummeted, the company's fate was sealed. PolyGram
PolyGram
also experienced losses with the defection of Casablanca's Donna Summer
Donna Summer
to newly formed Geffen Records as well as the dropping of Andy Gibb, whose personal problems with cocaine and alcohol began to affect his recording career, from RSO. Summer and the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
also had legal disputes with their labels which further complicated matters. Summer ended her contract with Polygram in 1980, and was award the rights to her songwriting catalog by the courts; she owed them one more album, and finished out her contract by recording her album She Works Hard For The Money (from which the title track was a huge hit in 1983). In 1980, PolyGram
PolyGram
created PolyGram
PolyGram
Pictures in a partnership with Peter Guber. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, PolyGram
PolyGram
continued to invest in a diversified film unit with the purchases of individual production companies. In 1981, Philips
Philips
executive, Jan Timmer became a member of the Group Management of PolyGram
PolyGram
and was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer of newly formed parent company, PolyGram
PolyGram
International Ltd. in 1983. He cut the workforce from 13,000 to 7,000, reduced PolyGram's LP and cassette plants from eighteen to five, and decreased the company's dependence on superstars by spreading the repertoire across different genres and nurturing national and regional talent. Also in 1983, PolyGram's U.S. roster of labels by this time included: Polydor, Mercury, London, London/FFRR, Casablanca (until 1986, later to be reincarnated in 1994), RSO, De-Lite, Riva, Threshold (owned by the Moody Blues), Tin Pan Apple (under Polydor Records), Total Experience (founded by Lonnie Simmons, from 1981 to 1984) and Atlanta Artists (founded by Cameo lead singer Larry Blackmon). They were all consolidated into PolyGram
PolyGram
Records, Inc. Under the new company, PolyGram
PolyGram
decided to discontinue Philips
Philips
as a pop and rock label in the UK and throughout much of Europe, though it was still frequently issued records in France and South East Asia by Chinese and Hong Kong pop artists. The majority of PolyGram's rock and pop music signings went to Mercury, and Polydor in the UK and Europe, though the label was used sparingly in America. Philips
Philips
became part of PolyGram
PolyGram
Classics as a classical music label along with Decca Records and Deutsche Grammophon. By 1985, PolyGram
PolyGram
was profitable once more. Wing Records was reincarnated in 1987 and became a very popular label over the following years, spawning the careers of Tony! Toni! Toné! and former Miss America, Vanessa Williams; the label was discontinued in the mid-1990s. Fontana was revived in the U.S. in 1989, but only for a short while. Today, Fontana Distribution
Fontana Distribution
is an independent label distribution unit of Universal Music
Music
Group. Vertigo Records
Vertigo Records
still remained a rare U.S. PolyGram
PolyGram
label, as most of its music was from Europe. In 1982, PolyGram
PolyGram
purchased 20th Century Fox Records
20th Century Fox Records
from 20th Century Fox, which had just recently been bought out by oil magnate Marvin Davis, who was not interested in keeping the record company. The assets of the former 20th Century Fox Records
20th Century Fox Records
were consolidated with the company's Casablanca label. After an attempted 1983 merger with Warner Elektra Atlantic failed, Philips
Philips
bought 40% of PolyGram
PolyGram
from Siemens, acquiring the remaining 10% in 1987. The CD, invented by Philips
Philips
and Sony, helped greatly in boosting the company's sales and market share. PolyGram's strength in classical music helped greatly, as many of the CD's early adopters were classical music lovers. Total US sales of CDs were $1 million in 1983, $334 million in 1990 and $943 million in 2000. Total UK sales were $300,000 in 1983, $51 million in 1990 and $202 million in 2000. The CD increased PolyGram's profit margin from 4-6% in the mid-1980s to 7-9% by the early 1990s. As well, videos were distributed by PolyGram Video. In 1988, Philips
Philips
acquired the remaining 50% of PolyGram
PolyGram
from long time partner Siemens
Siemens
and later in 1989, floated 16% of PolyGram
PolyGram
on the Amsterdam
Amsterdam
stock exchange, valuing the whole company at $5.6 billion. PolyGram
PolyGram
embarked on a new program of acquisitions, including A&M and Island Records
Island Records
in 1989, Swedish company Polar Music
Music
which held the rights to the ABBA
ABBA
catalogue, Motown
Motown
and Def Jam in 1994, and Rodven (Venezuela) in 1995. In 1990, after acquiring Island Records
Island Records
and A&M Records, Alain Levy (then) executive vice president of PolyGram
PolyGram
N.V., re-organized the U.S. operations of PolyGram
PolyGram
Record's, Inc. into a new expanded conglomerate entitled PolyGram
PolyGram
Group Distribution, Inc. In addition to overseeing the sales, marketing, manufacturing, and distribution of music and video products created by PolyGram, PGD was also responsible for supervising a number of other divisions within PolyGram
PolyGram
(U.S.) such as: PolyGram
PolyGram
Music
Music
Group, PolyGram
PolyGram
Video, PolyMedia, PolyGram Special
Special
Markets, PolyGram
PolyGram
Merchandising, Independent Label Sales (ILS), and New Media & Business Development. Polygram and Granada TV
Granada TV
form a joint venture, Big Picture Productions, in 1990 as music programing firm. At Cannes 1990, Big Picture purchased exclusive international distribution rights to Brown Sugar, from the New York-based Gene David Group The two-hour special covers black female performers and hosted by Billy Dee Williams.[7] In 1991, Alain Levy was promoted to worldwide president/C.E.O. of PolyGram
PolyGram
N.V. In 1995, PolyGram
PolyGram
purchased ITC Entertainment
Entertainment
for $156 million.[8][9] In early January 1999, Carlton Communications
Carlton Communications
bought ITC television and film library from PolyGram/ Seagram
Seagram
for £91 million.[10] ITV plc continues to release ITC's original output through television repeats, books and DVD releases. Around the same time, PolyGram
PolyGram
was sold to Seagram
Seagram
and merged into Universal Music
Music
Group.[11] The name survives via reissue of music under the Polydor Records
Polydor Records
label as well as a publishing arm of Universal Music
Music
Publishing Group. The Japanese branches of the PolyGram
PolyGram
labels that were absorbed to form Universal Music
Music
Japan were merged into one label named Universal Sigma. Polygram Entertainment Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
(UMG) had been dabbling in the documentary field having a hand in producing of 2015 Amy, Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
documentary, and HBO’s Kurt Cobain: Montage of Heck. In January 2017, UMG hired David Blackman to head its newly formed film and TV unit and reports to Universal Music
Music
Publishing Group chairman/CEO Jody Gerson and UMG Executive Vice President Michele Anthony.[12] Polygram Entertainment
Entertainment
on February 11, 2017 was relaunched as a film and television unit of Universal Music Group
Universal Music Group
led by Blackman, UMG head of film & television development and production. Before the announcement, the revived Polygram co-distributed with Studio Canal in September 2016 The Beatles: Eight Days a Week documentary. Polygram had on its slate as its first production The Story of Motown, a documentary about the record label's cultural and historical effects. Also on its slate is the co-production and financing of Mystify, INXS frontman Michael Hutchence
Michael Hutchence
biography.[13] Republic Records
Republic Records
appointed its first executive vice president of film & television in July 2017 to oversee film and TV projects and Federal Films initiative in working with Polygram.[14] Films

Release Date Title Co-production companies Notes

September 15, 2016 The Beatles: Eight Days a Week Apple Corps, Imagine Entertainment, White Horse Pictures, UMG distribution only with StudioCanal[13]

Pending[12]

TBA The Story of Motown Motown, Ghost Pictures, Fulwell 73

“Mystify” Surfing Cowboys, Ghost Pictures, Passion Pictures INXS
INXS
singer, Michael Hutchence
Michael Hutchence
biodocumentary

Luciano Pavarotti
Luciano Pavarotti
authorized documentary Imagine Entertainment, White Horse Pictures co-financers: Polygram Entertainment
Entertainment
and Studiocanal[15]

The Velvet Underground Verve Label Group, Killer Content, Motto Pictures Production documentary[16]

based on Bob Marley's songs 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Animation, Khalablo In Society, Principato-Young [17]

TV series

Series Aired Production partner Original network/channel Notes

untitled

Def Jam Recordings TBD based on NYPD
NYPD
Rap Intelligence Unit[18]

Notable labels

A&M Records Decca Records Def Jam Recordings Deutsche Grammophon Fontana Records Island Records London Records Mercury Records Philips
Philips
Records Phonogram Inc. Polydor Records Total Experience Records Vertigo Records

See also

List of record labels Working Title Films PolyGram
PolyGram
Entertainment Chocolate City Records

Sources

Bakker, Gerben. "The Making of a Music
Music
Multinational: The International Strategy of PolyGram, 1945-1988." Business History Review 80:1 (Spring 2006), pp. 81–123. (preprint)

References

^ a b Hardy, Phil. "Would You Like to Dance? EMI
EMI
and WMG". Download! How The Internet Transformed The Record Business. Music
Music
Sales Group / Google Books. pp. Chapter 4. Retrieved 15 April 2016.  ^ Geisst, Charles R. "Radio Industry". Encyclopedia of American Business History. Ifobase / Google Books. p. 352. Retrieved 15 April 2016.  ^ "Polygram N.V. Business Information, Profile, and History". companies.jrank.org. Retrieved 2017-12-15.  ^ Bakker, p.17. "Philips’ commitment to the LP technology was an important factor for Columbia’s willingness to enter the long-term alliance with PPI in 1950. " ^ Bakker, p.26. "During the disco-boom, Polygram’s US market share had jumped from five to twenty percent. For a few years, it was the world’s largest record company." ^ Billboard - 25 Dec 1999 - 1 janv. 2000 - Page 90 "In the year ending in June, both companies are said to have had combined sales of $460 million and an operating profit of $50 million. Sales of $480 million are forecast for the year to June 2000. Britannia, launched in 1969 by Poly Gram, has ..." ^ "Worldwide deal doings at Cannes" (PDF). Broadcasting. Broadcasting Publications Inc.: 39 April 30, 1990. ISSN 0007-2028. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ PolyGram
PolyGram
filmed entertainment acquires ITC Entertainment
Entertainment
Group. Business Wire January 10, 1995. Retrieved on November 21, 2010. ^ PolyGram
PolyGram
buys Itc for $156m. The Times, Wednesday, January 11, 1995; pg. 25 ^ "Thunderbirds are going, going, gone". BBC News. 1999-01-19. Retrieved 2013-06-22.  ^ Universal Music
Music
shake-up. The Times, Friday, January 15, 1999 ^ a b Littleton, Cynthia (February 12, 2017). "Universal Music
Music
Group Revives Polygram Label for Film
Film
and TV Production". Variety. Retrieved August 22, 2017.  ^ a b "Universal Music
Music
Relaunching Polygram, Announces 'Story of Motown' as First Production". billboard.com. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ Halperin, Shirley (July 17, 2017). "'Fifty Shades' Franchise Veteran Dana Sano to Head Film
Film
and Television at Republic Records". Variety. Retrieved August 22, 2017.  ^ McNary, Dave (June 1, 2017). "Ron Howard to Direct Luciano Pavarotti Documentary". Variety. Retrieved August 22, 2017.  ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (January 27, 2018). "Todd Haynes To Direct And Produce 'The Velvet Underground' Feature Docu For Polygram, Verve". Deadline. Retrieved April 5, 2018.  ^ Halperin, Shirley (February 6, 2018). "Fox Animation, Universal Music
Music
Team for Film
Film
Based on Songs by Bob Marley". Variety. Retrieved April 5, 2018.  ^ Staff, Variety (December 12, 2017). "Pras to Helm TV Series Inspired by Real-Life Stories of Hip-Hop Cops (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved April 5, 2018. 

External links

PolyGram
PolyGram
at last.fm. PolyGram
PolyGram
publishing catalog at MusicBrainz

v t e

Philips

Divisions and subsidiaries

Current

Philips
Philips
Consumer Lifestyle

Gaggia Saeco

Philips
Philips
Healthcare

Philips
Philips
AVENT Respironics Shenzhen Goldway Industrial

Philips
Philips
Lighting

Philips
Philips
Lumileds Lighting Company

Corporate Technologies

Former and defunct

Liquavista Magnavox NXP Semiconductors Philips
Philips
Analytical Philips
Philips
Natuurkundig Laboratorium PolyGram

Fontana Records Mercury Records Philips
Philips
Classics Records Philips
Philips
Records PolyGram
PolyGram
Filmed Entertainment Vertigo Records

Joint ventures and shareholdings

Current

NXP Semiconductors
NXP Semiconductors
(19.9%) Philips-Neusoft Medical Systems (51%) TCL Corporation
TCL Corporation
(6.3%)

BlackBerry Mobile Alcatel Mobile TCL Multimedia
TCL Multimedia
(52.10%) Palm, Inc. Tonly Electronics

Former and defunct

ASML Holding Broadcast Television Systems Inc. Grundig LG. Philips
Philips
Displays LG Philips
Philips
LCD Marantz Navteq NEC Philips
Philips
Unified Systems Philips
Philips
Consumer Communications TP Vision TSMC SSMC Lumileds

Brands, products and standards

Current

Ambilight Hue Norelco Philips
Philips
Cinema 21:9 TV Philips
Philips
Entertaible Philips
Philips
GoGear Philips
Philips
Intimate Massagers Senseo ShoqBox Sonicare Streamium Trimension Video Content Protection System

Defunct

Philips
Philips
CD-i Philips
Philips
Nino Philips
Philips
Velo Philips
Philips
Videopac Philips
Philips
VideoWriter Philips
Philips
:YES Philishave SpeechMagic Video 2000

People

Cor Boonstra President and Chief Executive Officer Frans van Houten Co-founders Anton Philips
Philips
and Gerard Philips Frits Philips

Places

Evoluon High Tech Campus Eindhoven Philips
Philips
Arena Philips
Philips
Stadion

Other

Carousel HDMI Licensing Philips
Philips
Sports Manager of the Year Phoebus cartel

Category

v t e

Vivendi

History List of owned assets

Directors

Vincent Bolloré Arnaud de Puyfontaine Pierre Rodocanachi

Universal Music
Music
Group

Universal Music
Music
Publishing Group Decca Gold

Decca Records Deutsche Grammophon

Island Records

Mercury Records

Roc Nation

StarRoc Takeover Roc Nation

Republic Records

Cash Money Records Big Machine Label Group

Universal Music
Music
Enterprises

Hip-O Records

Def Jam Recordings Show Dog-Universal Music Vevo

Capitol Christian Music
Music
Group

Motown
Motown
Gospel Sparrow Records Tooth & Nail Records

Capitol Music
Music
Group

Astralwerks Apple Records Blue Note Records Capitol Records Caroline Distribution Harvest Records mau5trap Motown Priority Records Virgin Records

Interscope Geffen A&M Records

A&M Records A&M Octone Records DGC Records Geffen Records Interscope Records

UM Latin Entertainment

Capitol Latin Disa Records Fonovisa Records Machete Music

UMG Nashville

MCA Nashville Mercury Nashville Records Lost Highway Records Capitol Records
Capitol Records
Nashville EMI
EMI
Records Nashville

UM UK

Capitol UK Decca Records Island UK Polydor Records Virgin EMI
EMI
Records

Verve Records

GRP Records Impulse! Records Verve Forecast Records

Film/TV units

Eagle Rock Entertainment PolyGram
PolyGram
Entertainment Universal Music
Music
TV

Canal+
Canal+
Group

Canal+ Canalsat

Afrique Calédonie Caraïbes

D8 StudioCanal

UK

Other assets

Dailymotion
Dailymotion
(90%) Gameloft
Gameloft
(96.9%) Telecom Italia
Telecom Italia
(24.6%) Mediaset
Mediaset
(28.80%)

.