Polonia, the name for Poland in Latin and many Romance and other languages, is most often used in modern Polish as referring to the Polish diaspora. However, as can be seen from the image, it was also used as a national personification.
Personification of Poland standing on the shoulders of a pope and a king; from a 16th-century political treatise by Stanisław Orzechowski
Polonia by Bernardo Morando (1588). Bas-relief at the top of the Old Lublin Gate in Zamość
Allegory of Dead Poland by Włodzimierz Tetmajer (1909)