A polity is any kind of political entity. It is a group of people who are collectively united by a self-reflected cohesive force such as identity, who have a capacity to mobilize resources, and are organized by some form of institutionalized hierarchy.
Frontispiece of Leviathan
1 Overview 2 See also 3 References 4 External links
A polity can be manifested in many different forms, such as a state,
an empire, an international organization, a political organisation and
other identifiable, resource-manipulating organisational structures. A
polity, like a state, does not need to be a sovereign unit. The most
preeminent polities today are Westphalian states and nation-states,
commonly (though incorrectly) referred to as "nations".
It therefore encapsulates a vast multitude of organisations, many of
which form the fundamental apparatuses of contemporary states such as
their subordinate civil and local government authorities. Polities
do not need to be in control of any geographic areas, as not all
political entities and governments have controlled the resources of
one fixed geographic area. The historical Steppe Empires originating
Politeia Political system Kokutai
^ Ferguson, Yale, & Richard W. Mansbach (1996) "Polities: Authority, Identities, and Change", Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press ^ See: Black's Law Dictionary, 4th ed., West Publishing Co., (1968), and Uricich v. Kolesar, 54 Ohio App. 309, 7 N.E. 2d 413. ^ Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, (1651); http://www.earlymoderntexts.com/authors/hobbes; accessed 25 February 2016.
Look up polity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Dictionary of the History of Ideas: analogy of the body politic (elaboration of correspondences between society or the state and the individual human body)