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Pokémon
Pokémon
(Japanese: ポケモン, Hepburn: Pokemon, Japanese: [pokemoɴ]; English: /ˈpoʊkɪˌmɒn, -ki-, -keɪ-/)[1][2][3] is a media franchise managed by The Pokémon Company, a Japanese consortium between Nintendo, Game Freak, and Creatures.[4] The franchise copyright is shared by all three companies, but Nintendo
Nintendo
is the sole owner of the trademark.[5] The franchise was created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1995,[6] and is centered on fictional creatures called "Pokémon", which humans, known as Pokémon Trainers, catch and train to battle each other for sport. The franchise began as a pair of video games for the original Game Boy that were developed by Game Freak
Game Freak
and published by Nintendo. It now spans video games, trading card games, animated television shows and movies, comic books, and toys. Pokémon
Pokémon
is the second best-selling video game franchise, behind only Nintendo's Mario franchise,[7] and the highest-grossing media franchise of all time. The franchise is also represented in other Nintendo
Nintendo
media, such as the Super Smash Bros. series. Cumulative sales of the video games (including home console games, such as Hey You, Pikachu!
Hey You, Pikachu!
for the Nintendo
Nintendo
64) have reached more than 300 million copies.[8] In November 2005, 4Kids Entertainment, which had managed the non-game related licensing of Pokémon, announced that it had agreed not to renew the Pokémon
Pokémon
representation agreement. The Pokémon
Pokémon
Company International (formerly Pokémon
Pokémon
USA Inc.), a subsidiary of Japan's Pokémon
Pokémon
Co., oversees all Pokémon
Pokémon
licensing outside Asia.[9] As of March 2017, the Pokémon
Pokémon
franchise has grossed revenues of ¥6.0 trillion worldwide[8] (equivalent to US$55.15 billion). The franchise celebrated its tenth anniversary in 2006.[10] 2016 marks the 20th anniversary of the release of the original games, with the company celebrating by airing an ad during Super Bowl 50, issuing re-releases of Pokémon
Pokémon
Red, Blue, and Yellow, and completely redesigning the way the newest games are played.[11][12] The mobile augmented reality game Pokémon
Pokémon
Go was released in July 2016.[13] The first seventh-generation games Pokémon
Pokémon
Sun and Moon were released worldwide on November 18, 2016.[14] A live-action film adaptation based on Detective Pikachu
Detective Pikachu
began production in 2017.[15] The English slogan for the franchise is "Gotta Catch 'Em All".[16][17]

Contents

1 Name 2 Concept 3 Video games

3.1 Generations

3.1.1 Generation 1 3.1.2 Generation 2 3.1.3 Generation 3 3.1.4 Generation 4 3.1.5 Generation 5 3.1.6 Generation 6 3.1.7 Generation 7

3.2 Game mechanics

3.2.1 Starter Pokémon 3.2.2 Pokédex

4 In other media

4.1 Anime series 4.2 Films

4.2.1 Anime Film Series 4.2.2 Live Action Film

4.3 Soundtracks 4.4 Pokémon
Pokémon
Trading Card Game 4.5 Manga 4.6 Monopoly

5 Criticism and controversy

5.1 Morality and religious beliefs 5.2 Animal cruelty 5.3 Health 5.4 Monster in My Pocket 5.5 Pokémon
Pokémon
Go

6 Cultural influence

6.1 Fan community

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Name The name Pokémon
Pokémon
is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand Pocket Monsters
Pocket Monsters
(ポケットモンスター, Poketto Monsutā).[18] The term Pokémon, in addition to referring to the Pokémon
Pokémon
franchise itself, also collectively refers to the 806 fictional species that have made appearances in Pokémon
Pokémon
media as of the release of the seventh generation titles Pokémon
Pokémon
Sun and Moon. "Pokémon" is identical in both the singular and plural, as is each individual species name; it is grammatically correct to say "one Pokémon" and "many Pokémon", as well as "one Pikachu" and "many Pikachu".[19] Concept

Play media

An animated history of how Satoshi Tajiri came to conceive Pokémon.

Tajiri first thought of Pokémon, albeit with a different concept and name, around 1989, when the Game Boy
Game Boy
was first released. The concept of the Pokémon
Pokémon
universe, in both the video games and the general fictional world of Pokémon, stems from the hobby of insect collecting, a popular pastime which Pokémon
Pokémon
executive director Satoshi Tajiri enjoyed as a child.[20] Players are designated as Pokémon
Pokémon
Trainers and have three general goals: to complete the regional Pokédex
Pokédex
by collecting all of the available Pokémon
Pokémon
species found in the fictional region where a game takes place, to complete the national Pokédex
Pokédex
by transferring Pokémon
Pokémon
from other regions, and to train a team of powerful Pokémon
Pokémon
from those they have caught to compete against teams owned by other Trainers so they may eventually win the Pokémon
Pokémon
League and become the regional Champion. These themes of collecting, training, and battling are present in almost every version of the Pokémon
Pokémon
franchise, including the video games, the anime and manga series, and the Pokémon
Pokémon
Trading Card Game. In most incarnations of the Pokémon
Pokémon
universe, a Trainer who encounters a wild Pokémon
Pokémon
is able to capture that Pokémon
Pokémon
by throwing a specially designed, mass-producible spherical tool called a Poké Ball
Poké Ball
at it. If the Pokémon
Pokémon
is unable to escape the confines of the Poké Ball, it is officially considered to be under the ownership of that Trainer. Afterwards, it will obey whatever commands it receives from its new Trainer, unless the Trainer demonstrates such a lack of experience that the Pokémon
Pokémon
would rather act on its own accord. Trainers can send out any of their Pokémon
Pokémon
to wage non-lethal battles against other Pokémon; if the opposing Pokémon
Pokémon
is wild, the Trainer can capture that Pokémon
Pokémon
with a Poké Ball, increasing his or her collection of creatures. Pokémon
Pokémon
already owned by other Trainers cannot be captured, except under special circumstances in certain side games. If a Pokémon
Pokémon
fully defeats an opponent in battle so that the opponent is knocked out ("faints"), the winning Pokémon
Pokémon
gains experience points and may level up. When leveling up, the Pokémon's battling aptitude statistics ("stats, such as Attack and Speed") increase. At certain levels, the Pokémon
Pokémon
may also learn new moves, which are techniques used in battle. In addition, many species of Pokémon
Pokémon
can undergo a form of metamorphosis and transform into a similar but stronger species of Pokémon, a process called evolution. In the main series, each game's single-player mode requires the Trainer to raise a team of Pokémon
Pokémon
to defeat many non-player character (NPC) Trainers and their Pokémon. Each game lays out a somewhat linear path through a specific region of the Pokémon
Pokémon
world for the Trainer to journey through, completing events and battling opponents along the way (including foiling the plans of an 'evil' team of Pokémon
Pokémon
Trainers who serve as antagonists to the player). Each game (excluding Sun and Moon) features eight especially powerful Trainers, referred to as Gym Leaders, that the Trainer must defeat in order to progress. As a reward, the Trainer receives a Gym Badge, and once all eight badges are collected, that Trainer is eligible to challenge the region's Pokémon
Pokémon
League, where four immensely talented trainers (referred to collectively as the "Elite Four") challenge the Trainer to four Pokémon
Pokémon
battles in succession. If the trainer can overcome this gauntlet, he or she must then challenge the Regional Champion, the master Trainer who had previously defeated the Elite Four. Any Trainer who wins this last battle becomes the new champion. In Sun and Moon, however, the Gym Leaders are not present, and are instead replaced with "Trial Captains", a NPC who gives the Trainer a challenge to complete so as to earn a special item. Once the player completes all of these on an island, the Trainer must take on the Island Kahuna, the strongest Trainer on the island. Once the player beats all the Kahunas, he must travel to the recently built Pokémon League, where he must re-defeat two of the Kahunas and two strong Trainers, who now form the Elite Four, and then defend his newly received title against challengers. It is implied by Takeshi Shudo, the initial writer for the anime, that the creators of Pokémon
Pokémon
had not anticipated the franchise would become so popular, and there were plans to end the series by the Gold and Silver era. In his blog, Shudo reveals he even had an ending drafted for the anime, in which the last episode reveals an elderly Ash Ketchum
Ash Ketchum
hallucinated the entire events of the show.[21] This is supported in an interview with president of The Pokémon
Pokémon
Company, Tsunekazu Ishihara, who predicted the anime would end by 1998. He also stated he initially did not intend on making "any more Pokémon titles" after Gold and Silver and would have moved on to other projects. However the games' success following their release prompted Ishinhara to continue work on the series.[22] Video games Main article: Pokémon
Pokémon
(video game series) Generations The original Pokémon
Pokémon
games were role-playing games (RPGs) with an element of strategy, and were created by Satoshi Tajiri for the Game Boy. These RPGs, and their sequels, remakes, and English language translations, are still considered the "main" Pokémon
Pokémon
games, and the games which most fans of the series are referring to when they use the term " Pokémon
Pokémon
games". All of the licensed Pokémon
Pokémon
properties overseen by The Pokémon
Pokémon
Company International are divided roughly by generation. These generations are roughly chronological divisions by release; every several years, when an official sequel in the main RPG series is released that features new Pokémon, characters, and gameplay concepts, that sequel is considered the start of a new generation of the franchise. The main games and their spin-offs, the anime, manga, and trading card game are all updated with the new Pokémon
Pokémon
properties each time a new generation begins. The franchise began the seventh generation on November 18, 2016.

A rival battle between a Bulbasaur and a Charmander
Charmander
in Pokémon
Pokémon
Red and Blue.[23]

Generation 1 The Pokémon
Pokémon
franchise started off in its first generation with its initial release of Pocket Monsters
Pocket Monsters
Aka and Midori ("Red" and "Green", respectively) for the Game Boy
Game Boy
in Japan
Japan
on February 27, 1996. When these games proved extremely popular, an enhanced Ao ("Blue") version was released sometime after, and the Ao version was reprogrammed as Pokémon Red and Blue
Pokémon Red and Blue
for international release. The games launched in the United States on September 30, 1998. The original Aka and Midori versions were never released outside Japan.[24] Afterwards, a further enhanced version titled Pokémon
Pokémon
Yellow: Special
Special
Pikachu
Pikachu
Edition was released to partially take advantage of the color palette of the Game Boy Color, as well as to feature more elements from the popular Pokémon
Pokémon
anime. This first generation of games introduced the original 151 species of Pokémon, in National Pokédex
Pokédex
order, encompassing all Pokémon
Pokémon
from Bulbasaur to Mew. It also introduced the basic game concepts of capturing, training, battling, and trading Pokémon
Pokémon
with both computer and human players. These versions of the games take place within the fictional Kanto region, inspired by the real world Kantō region
Kantō region
of Japan, though the name "Kanto" was not used until the second generation. Generation 2 The second generation of Pokémon
Pokémon
began in 1999 with the release of Pokémon
Pokémon
Gold and Silver for Game Boy
Game Boy
Color. Like the previous generation, an enhanced version titled Pokémon
Pokémon
Crystal was later released. The second generation introduced 100 new species of Pokémon, starting with Chikorita
Chikorita
and ending with Celebi. The Pokédex totaled 251 Pokémon
Pokémon
to collect, train, and battle, set in Johto, inspired by Japan's Kansai region. The Pokémon
Pokémon
mini is a handheld game console released in November 2001 in North America, December 2001 in Japan, and 2002 in Europe. Generation 3 Pokémon
Pokémon
entered its third generation with the 2002 release of Pokémon
Pokémon
Ruby and Sapphire for Game Boy
Game Boy
Advance and continued with the Game Boy
Game Boy
Advance remakes of Pokémon
Pokémon
Red and Blue, Pokémon
Pokémon
FireRed and LeafGreen, and an enhanced version of Pokémon
Pokémon
Ruby and Sapphire titled Pokémon
Pokémon
Emerald. The third generation introduced 135 new Pokémon, starting with Treecko
Treecko
and ending with Deoxys, for a total of 386 species. Pokémon
Pokémon
Ruby, Sapphire and Emerald are set in Hoenn, inspired by Japan's Kyushu
Kyushu
region. However, this generation also garnered some criticism for leaving out several gameplay features, including the day-and-night system introduced in the previous generation. It was also the first installment that encouraged the player to collect merely a selected assortment of the total number of Pokémon
Pokémon
rather than every existing species. By contrast, 202 out of 386 species are catchable in the Ruby and Sapphire versions. Generation 4 In 2006, Japan
Japan
began the fourth generation of the franchise with the release of Pokémon
Pokémon
Diamond and Pearl for Nintendo
Nintendo
DS. The fourth generation introduced another 107 new species of Pokémon, starting with Turtwig
Turtwig
and ending with Arceus, bringing the total of Pokémon species to 493.[25] The Nintendo
Nintendo
DS "touch screen" allows new features to the game such as cooking poffins with the stylus and using the "Pokétch". New gameplay concepts include a restructured move-classification system, online multiplayer trading and battling via Nintendo
Nintendo
Wi-Fi Connection, the return and expansion of the second generation's day-and-night system, the expansion of the third generation's Pokémon
Pokémon
Contests into "Super Contests", and the new region of Sinnoh. This region was inspired by Japan's Hokkaido
Hokkaido
region and part of Russia's Sakhalin, and has an underground component for multiplayer gameplay in addition to the main overworld. Pokémon Platinum, the enhanced version of Diamond and Pearl—much like Pokémon
Pokémon
Yellow, Crystal, and Emerald—was released in September 2008 in Japan, March 2009 in North America, and May 2009 in Australia and Europe. Spin-off titles in the fourth generation include the Pokémon Stadium follow-up Pokémon
Pokémon
Battle Revolution for Wii, which has Wi-Fi connectivity as well.[26] Nintendo
Nintendo
announced in May 2009 that enhanced remakes of Pokémon
Pokémon
Gold and Silver, entitled Pokémon
Pokémon
HeartGold and SoulSilver, would be released for the Nintendo
Nintendo
DS system. HeartGold and SoulSilver are set in the Johto region and were released in September 2009 in Japan[27] and March 2010 in North America.[28] Generation 5 The fifth generation of Pokémon
Pokémon
began on September 18, 2010, with the release of Pokémon
Pokémon
Black and White in Japan
Japan
for Nintendo
Nintendo
DS.[29] The games were originally announced by the Pokémon
Pokémon
Company on January 29, 2010, with a tentative release later that year.[30][31] The final release date of September 18 was announced on June 27, 2010.[32] This version is set in the Unova region (イッシュ地方, Isshu-chihō, Isshu region), inspired by New York City, and utilizes the Nintendo DS's 3-D rendering capabilities to a greater extent than Platinum, HeartGold, and SoulSilver, as shown in game footage of the player walking through the Castelia City (ヒウンシティ, Hiun Shiti) metropolis. A total of 156 new Pokémon
Pokémon
were introduced, starting with Victini
Victini
and ending with Genesect, bringing the franchise's total to 649. This is currently the only time that the number of Pokémon introduced surpasses the number introduced in the first generation.[33] It also deployed new game mechanics such as the C Gear (Cギア, C Gia) wireless interactivity features[34] and the ability to upload game data to the Internet and to the player's own computer.[35] Pokémon
Pokémon
Black and White was released in Europe on March 4, 2011, in North America on March 6, 2011, and in Australia on March 10, 2011. On June 23, 2012, Nintendo
Nintendo
released Pokémon
Pokémon
Black 2 and Pokémon
Pokémon
White 2 in Japan
Japan
for Nintendo
Nintendo
DS, with early October releases in North America and Europe. Black 2 and White 2 are sequels to Black and White, with several events in the second games referencing events in the first; they also allow players to link their previous Black or White with their Black 2 or White 2, introducing several events based on how they played their previous game. Generation 6 Officially announced on January 8, 2013, and released simultaneously worldwide on October 12, 2013, Pokémon
Pokémon
X and Pokémon
Pokémon
Y for the Nintendo
Nintendo
3DS are part of the sixth generation of games.[36] Introducing the France-inspired Kalos region, these are the first Pokémon
Pokémon
games rendered in 3D, and the first released worldwide together.[37] A total of 72 new Pokémon
Pokémon
were introduced, starting with Chespin and ending with Volcanion, bringing the franchise's total to 721. The fewest new Pokémon
Pokémon
in a single generation so far; however, the new Mega Evolution feature was added to the games to balance out the lack of new characters. Another addition was the Fairy typing, the first new type since Dark and Steel in the second generation. On May 7, 2014, Nintendo
Nintendo
announced remakes of the third generation games Pokémon
Pokémon
Ruby and Sapphire titled Pokémon
Pokémon
Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire which were released in Japan, North America, Australia, and South Korea on November 21, 2014, and in Europe on November 28, 2014. Generation 7 Officially announced on February 26, 2016, Pokémon
Pokémon
Sun and Moon for the Nintendo
Nintendo
3DS are part of the seventh generation of games, and the celebrations for the 20th anniversary of the franchise, introducing the Hawaii-inspired Alola region. Both games were released worldwide on November 18, 2016, in nine languages; Japanese, English, French, Italian, German, Spanish, Korean, and, for the first time, Chinese (Traditional and Simplified).[38] A total of 81 new Pokémon
Pokémon
were introduced, bringing the total to 802. Though no new mega evolutions were added, a new type of form was added for specific Pokémon, called Alola Form, changing their types and move sets. A new type of move was added as well, called the Z-move. Usable by any Pokémon, Z-moves are extremely powerful and as such can only be used once per battle. Two more games, Pokémon
Pokémon
Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon were released on November 17, 2017. These games add five new Pokémon
Pokémon
on top of the ones introduced into Sun and Moon, bringing the total to 807. Game mechanics Main article: Gameplay of Pokémon The main staple of the Pokémon
Pokémon
video game series revolves around the catching and battling of Pokémon. Starting with a starter Pokémon, the player can catch wild Pokémon
Pokémon
by weakening them and catching them with Poké Balls. Conversely, they can choose to defeat them in battle in order to gain experience for their Pokémon, raising their levels and teaching them new moves. Most Pokémon
Pokémon
have 'evolution families', a term which refers to the Pokémon
Pokémon
to evolve into or be evolved into more powerful forms by raising their levels or using certain items. Throughout the game, players will have to battle other trainers in order to progress, with the main goal to defeat various Gym Leaders/Trials and earn the right to become the regional champion. Subsequent games in the series have introduced various side games and side quests, including the Battle Frontiers that display unique battle types and the Pokémon
Pokémon
Contests where visual appearance is put on display. Starter Pokémon One of the consistent aspects of the Pokémon
Pokémon
games—spanning from Pokémon Red and Blue
Pokémon Red and Blue
on the Game Boy
Game Boy
to the Nintendo
Nintendo
3DS games Pokémon
Pokémon
Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon—is the choice of one of three different Pokémon
Pokémon
at the start of the player's adventures; these three are often labeled "starter Pokémon". Players can choose a Grass-type, a Fire-type, or a Water-type.[39] For example, in Pokémon Red and Blue (and their respective remakes, Pokémon
Pokémon
FireRed and Pokémon
Pokémon
LeafGreen), the player has the choice of starting with Bulbasaur, Charmander, or Squirtle. The exception to this rule is Pokémon
Pokémon
Yellow (a remake of the original games that loosely follows the story of the Pokémon
Pokémon
anime), where players are given a Pikachu, an Electric-type mouse Pokémon, famous for being the mascot of the Pokémon
Pokémon
media franchise; in this game, however, the three starter Pokémon
Pokémon
from Red and Blue can be obtained by meeting certain requirements in game, such as Pikachu
Pikachu
having full happiness.[40] Another consistent aspect is that the player's rival will always choose as his or her starter Pokémon
Pokémon
the one that has a type advantage over the player's Pokémon. For instance, if the player picks a Grass-type Pokémon, the rival will always pick the Fire-type starter. An exception to this is again Pokémon
Pokémon
Yellow, in which the rival picks an Eevee, but whether this Eevee
Eevee
evolves into Vaporeon, Jolteon, or Flareon
Flareon
is decided by when the player wins and loses to the rival through the journey. Pokémon
Pokémon
Sun and Moon are also an exception where the rival will pick the starter weak toward the players, with the remaining starter used elsewhere. The GameCube games Pokémon
Pokémon
Colosseum and Pokémon
Pokémon
XD: Gale of Darkness also contain an exception; whereas in most games the player's initial Pokémon
Pokémon
starts at Level 5, in these two games the player's initial Pokémon
Pokémon
starts at Levels 10 and 25, respectively. In Colosseum the player's starter Pokémon
Pokémon
are Espeon
Espeon
and Umbreon, while in Gale of Darkness the player's starter is Eevee. Pokédex The Pokédex
Pokédex
is an electronic device featured in the Pokémon
Pokémon
video game, anime, and manga series. In the games, whenever a Pokémon
Pokémon
is first captured, its data will be added to a player's Pokédex, but in the anime, the Pokédex
Pokédex
is a comprehensive electronic reference encyclopedia, usually referred to in order to deliver exposition. "Pokédex" is also used to refer to a list of Pokémon, usually a list of Pokémon
Pokémon
by number. In the video games, a Pokémon
Pokémon
Trainer is issued a blank device at the start of the journey. A trainer must then attempt to fill the Pokédex
Pokédex
by encountering and at least briefly obtaining each of the different species of Pokémon. A player will receive the name and image of a Pokémon
Pokémon
after encountering one that was not previously in the Pokédex, typically after battling said Pokémon
Pokémon
either in the wild or in a trainer battle (with the exceptions of link battles and tournament battles, such as in the Battle Frontier). In Pokémon
Pokémon
Red and Blue, some Pokémon's data is added to the Pokédex
Pokédex
simply by viewing the Pokémon, such as in the zoo outside the Safari Zone. Also, certain NPC characters may add to the Pokédex
Pokédex
by explaining what a Pokémon
Pokémon
looks like during conversation. More detailed information is available after the player obtains a member of the species, either through capturing the Pokémon
Pokémon
in the wild, evolving a previously captured Pokémon, hatching a Pokémon
Pokémon
egg (from the second generation onwards), or through a trade with another trainer (either an NPC or another player). This information includes height, weight, species type, typing, and a short description of the Pokémon. Later versions of the Pokédex
Pokédex
have more detailed information, like the size of a certain Pokémon
Pokémon
compared to the player character, or Pokémon
Pokémon
being sorted by their habitat (so far, the latter feature is only in the FireRed and LeafGreen versions). The most current forms of Pokédex
Pokédex
are capable of containing information on all Pokémon
Pokémon
currently known. The GameCube games, Pokémon Colosseum and Pokémon
Pokémon
XD: Gale of Darkness, have a Pokémon
Pokémon
Digital Assistant (P★DA) which is similar to the Pokédex, but also tells what types are effective against a Pokémon
Pokémon
and gives a description of its abilities.[41] In other media

Ash Ketchum
Ash Ketchum
holding Pikachu
Pikachu
in the pilot episode, "Pokémon, I Choose You!".

Anime series Main article: Pokémon
Pokémon
(anime) The Pokémon
Pokémon
anime series and films are a meta-series of adventures usually separate from the canon that most of the Pokémon
Pokémon
video games follow (with the exception of Pokémon
Pokémon
Yellow, a game based loosely on the anime storyline). The anime follows the quest of the main character, Ash Ketchum
Ash Ketchum
(known as Satoshi in Japan), a Pokémon
Pokémon
Master in training, as he and a small group of friends travel around the world of Pokémon
Pokémon
along with their Pokémon
Pokémon
partners.[42] The original series, titled Pocket Monsters, or simply Pokémon
Pokémon
in Western countries (often referred to as Pokémon: Gotta Catch 'Em All to distinguish it from the later series), begins with Ash's first day as a Pokémon
Pokémon
trainer. His first (and signature) Pokémon
Pokémon
is a Pikachu, differing from the games, where only Bulbasaur, Charmander, or Squirtle could be chosen.[43] The series follows the storyline of the original games, Pokémon
Pokémon
Red and Blue, in the region of Kanto. Accompanying Ash on his journeys are Brock, the Pewter City Gym Leader, and Misty, the youngest of the Gym Leader sisters from Cerulean City. Pokémon: Adventures in the Orange Islands follows Ash's adventures in the Orange Islands, a place unique to the anime, and replaces Brock with Tracey Sketchit, an artist and "Pokémon watcher". The next series, based on the second generation of games, include Pokémon: Johto Journeys, Pokémon: Johto League Champions, and Pokémon: Master Quest, following the original trio of Ash, Brock, and Misty in the western Johto region. The saga continues in Pokémon: Advanced, based on the third generation games. Ash and company travel to Hoenn, a southern region in the Pokémon
Pokémon
World. Ash takes on the role of a teacher and mentor for a novice Pokémon
Pokémon
trainer named May. Her brother Max accompanies them, and though he isn't a trainer, he knows large amounts of handy information. Brock (from the original series) soon catches up with Ash, but Misty has returned to Cerulean City to tend to her duties as a gym leader (Misty, along with other recurring characters, appears in the spin-off series Pokémon
Pokémon
Chronicles). The Advanced series concludes with the Battle Frontier saga, based on the Emerald version and including aspects of FireRed and LeafGreen. It ended with Max leaving to pick his starter Pokémon
Pokémon
and May going to the Grand Festival in Johto. In the Diamond and Pearl series, based on the fourth generation games, Ash, Brock, and a new companion, an aspiring Pokémon
Pokémon
coordinator named Dawn, travel through the region of Sinnoh. At the end of the series, Ash and Brock return to Kanto where Brock begins to follow his newfound dream of becoming a Pokémon
Pokémon
doctor himself. Pocket Monsters: Best Wishes!, based on the fifth generation games, features Ash and Pikachu
Pikachu
traveling through the region of Unova (Isshu in Japan) alongside two new companions, Iris and Cilan (Dent in Japan) who part ways with them after returning to Kanto. Pocket Monsters: XY (ポケットモンスターXY, Poketo Monsutā Ekkusu Wai), is the current airing series based on the sixth generation games, following Ash and Pikachu's journey through the region of Kalos, accompanied by Ash's childhood friend Serena and the siblings Clemont and Bonnie.[44][45][46] In addition to the TV series, twenty Pokémon
Pokémon
films have been made as of July 2017, with the pair of films, Pokémon
Pokémon
the Movie: Black— Victini
Victini
and Reshiram and White— Victini
Victini
and Zekrom considered together as one. Collectible bonuses, such as promotional trading cards, have been available with some of the films. Various children's books, collectively known as Pokémon
Pokémon
Junior, are also based on the anime.[47] Films Anime Film Series Given release years are the original Japanese release years.

Pokémon: The First Movie—Mewtwo Strikes Back (1998) Pokémon: The Movie 2000—The Power of One (1999) Pokémon
Pokémon
3: The Movie—Spell of the Unown (2000) Pokémon
Pokémon
4Ever—Celebi: Voice of the Forest (2001) Pokémon
Pokémon
Heroes—Latios and Latias (2002) Pokémon: Jirachi Wish Maker (2003) Pokémon: Destiny Deoxys
Deoxys
(2004) Pokémon: Lucario and the Mystery of Mew (2005) Pokémon
Pokémon
Ranger and the Temple of the Sea (2006) Pokémon: The Rise of Darkrai (2007) Pokémon: Giratina and the Sky Warrior (2008) Pokémon: Arceus
Arceus
and the Jewel of Life (2009) Pokémon: Zoroark: Master of Illusions (2010) Pokémon
Pokémon
the Movie: Black— Victini
Victini
and Reshiram & Pokémon
Pokémon
the Movie: White— Victini
Victini
and Zekrom (2011) Pokémon
Pokémon
the Movie: Kyurem vs. the Sword of Justice (2012) Pokémon
Pokémon
the Movie: Genesect
Genesect
and the Legend Awakened (2013) Pokémon
Pokémon
the Movie: Diancie and the Cocoon of Destruction (2014) Pokémon
Pokémon
the Movie: Hoopa and the Clash of Ages (2015) Pokémon
Pokémon
the Movie: Volcanion and the Mechanical Marvel (2016) Pokémon
Pokémon
the Movie: I Choose You! (2017) Pokémon
Pokémon
the Movie: Everyone's Story (2018)

Live Action Film In April of 2016, It was announced by The Hollywood Reporter that Warner Bros. Pictures, Sony Pictures Entertainment, and Legendary Pictures were in negotiations with The Pokémon
Pokémon
Company for a live action Pokémon
Pokémon
movie.[48] Soon after, Deadline reported that Legendary was closing a deal with The Pokémon
Pokémon
Company for live-action film that'll begin with a Detective Pikachu
Detective Pikachu
movie. The partnership sees Toho
Toho
distributing the film in Japan, with Universal Pictures distributing it in the rest of the world. [49][50] Nicole Perlman and Alex Hirsch
Alex Hirsch
are penning the script.[15] Originally, Chris McKay, Robert Rodriguez, Tim Miller, Mark A.Z. Dippé, Shane Acker
Shane Acker
and Chris Wedge were being considered as potential directors.[citation needed] On November 30th, 2016, Deadline reported that The Pokémon
Pokémon
Company and Legendary Entertainment had chosen Rob Letterman
Rob Letterman
to direct the film.[51] It was eventually announced that the film will be titled Detective Pikachu.[52] Detective Pikachu
Detective Pikachu
later started production in January of 2018. Soundtracks Pokémon
Pokémon
CDs have been released in North America, most of them in conjunction with the theatrical releases of the first three Pokémon films. These releases were commonplace until late 2001. On March 27, 2007, a tenth anniversary CD was released containing 18 tracks from the English dub; this was the first English-language release in over five years. Soundtracks of the Pokémon
Pokémon
feature films have been released in Japan
Japan
each year in conjunction with the theatrical releases.

Year Title

June 29, 1999[53] Pokémon
Pokémon
2.B.A. Master

November 9, 1999[54] Pokémon: The First Movie

February 8, 2000 Pokémon
Pokémon
World

May 9, 2000 Pokémon: The First Movie Original Motion Picture Score

July 18, 2000 Pokémon: The Movie 2000

Unknown1 Pokémon: The Movie 2000 Original Motion Picture Score

January 23, 2001 Totally Pokémon

April 3, 2001 Pokémon
Pokémon
3: The Ultimate Soundtrack

October 9, 2001 Pokémon
Pokémon
Christmas Bash

March 27, 2007 Pokémon
Pokémon
X: Ten Years of Pokémon

November 12, 2013 Pokémon
Pokémon
X & Pokémon
Pokémon
Y: Super Music Collection

December 10, 2013 Pokémon
Pokémon
FireRed & Pokémon
Pokémon
LeafGreen: Super Music Collection

January 14, 2014 Pokémon
Pokémon
HeartGold & Pokémon
Pokémon
SoulSilver: Super Music Collection

February 11, 2014 Pokémon
Pokémon
Ruby & Pokémon
Pokémon
Sapphire: Super Music Collection

March 11, 2014 Pokémon
Pokémon
Diamond & Pokémon
Pokémon
Pearl: Super Music Collection

April 8, 2014 Pokémon
Pokémon
Black & Pokémon
Pokémon
White: Super Music Collection

May 13, 2014 Pokémon
Pokémon
Black 2 & Pokémon
Pokémon
White 2: Super Music Collection

December 21, 2014 Pokémon
Pokémon
Omega Ruby & Pokémon
Pokémon
Alpha Sapphire: Super Music Collection

April 27, 2016 Pokémon
Pokémon
Red and Green Super Music Collection

November 30, 2016 Pokémon
Pokémon
Sun & Pokémon
Pokémon
Moon: Super Music Collection

^1 The exact date of release is unknown.

Pokémon
Pokémon
Trading Card Game Main article: Pokémon
Pokémon
Trading Card Game

Palkia, the Spacial Pokémon
Pokémon
Trading Card Game card from Pokémon
Pokémon
TCG Diamond and Pearl.

The Pokémon
Pokémon
Trading Card Game (TCG) is a collectible card game with a goal similar to a Pokémon
Pokémon
battle in the video game series. Players use Pokémon
Pokémon
cards, with individual strengths and weaknesses, in an attempt to defeat their opponent by "knocking out" his or her Pokémon cards.[55] The game was first published in North America by Wizards of the Coast in 1999.[56] However, with the release of Pokémon
Pokémon
Ruby and Sapphire Game Boy
Game Boy
Advance video games, The Pokémon
Pokémon
Company took back the card game from Wizards of the Coast
Wizards of the Coast
and started publishing the cards themselves.[56] The Expedition expansion introduced the Pokémon-e Trading Card Game, where the cards (for the most part) were compatible with the Nintendo
Nintendo
e-Reader. Nintendo
Nintendo
discontinued its production of e-Reader compatible cards with the release of 'ex' FireRed & LeafGreen. In 1998, Nintendo
Nintendo
released a Game Boy
Game Boy
Color version of the trading card game in Japan; Pokémon
Pokémon
Trading Card Game was subsequently released to the US and Europe in 2000. The game included digital versions cards from the original set of cards and the first two expansions (Jungle and Fossil), as well as several cards exclusive to the game. A Japan-exclusive sequel was released in 2001.[57] Manga Main article: List of Pokémon
Pokémon
manga There are various Pokémon
Pokémon
manga series, four of which were released in English by Viz Media, and seven of them released in English by Chuang Yi. The manga series vary from game-based series to being based on the anime and the Trading Card Game. Original stories have also been published. As there are several series created by different authors most Pokémon
Pokémon
manga series differ greatly from each other and other media, such as the anime. Pokémon
Pokémon
Pocket Monsters
Pocket Monsters
and Pokémon Adventures are the only two manga never stopped since the first generation.

Manga
Manga
released in English

The Electric Tale of Pikachu
Pikachu
(a.k.a. Dengeki Pikachu), a shōnen manga created by Toshihiro Ono. It was divided into four tankōbon, each given a separate title in the North American and English Singapore versions: The Electric Tale of Pikachu, Pikachu
Pikachu
Shocks Back, Electric Pikachu
Pikachu
Boogaloo, and Surf's Up, Pikachu. The series is based loosely on the anime. Pokémon
Pokémon
Adventures ( Pocket Monsters
Pocket Monsters
SPECIAL in Japan) by Hidenori Kusaka (story), Mato (art formerly), and Satoshi Yamamoto (art currently), the most popular Pokémon
Pokémon
manga based on the video games. The story series around the Pokémon
Pokémon
Trainers who called "Pokédex holders". Magical Pokémon
Pokémon
Journey (a.k.a. Pocket Monsters
Pocket Monsters
PiPiPi ★ Adventures), a shōjo manga Pikachu
Pikachu
Meets the Press (newspaper style comics, not released by Chuang Yi) Ash & Pikachu
Pikachu
(a.k.a. Satoshi to Pikachu, not released by Viz) Pokémon
Pokémon
Gold & Silver (not released by Viz) Pokémon
Pokémon
Ruby-Sapphire and Pokémon
Pokémon
Pocket Monsters
Pocket Monsters
(not released by Viz) Pokémon: Jirachi Wish Maker (not released by Viz) Pokémon: Destiny Deoxys
Deoxys
(not released by Viz) Pokémon: Lucario and the Mystery of Mew (the third movie-to-comic adaptation) Pokémon
Pokémon
Ranger and the Temple of the Sea[58] (the fourth movie-to-comic adaption) Pokémon
Pokémon
Diamond and Pearl Adventure! Pokémon
Pokémon
Adventures: Diamond and Pearl / Platinum[59] Pokémon: The Rise of Darkrai[60] (the fifth movie-to-comic adaption) Pokémon: Giratina and the Sky Warrior[61] (the sixth movie-to-comic adaption) Pokémon: Arceus
Arceus
and the Jewel of Life[62] (the seventh movie-to-comic adaption) Pokémon: Zoroark: Master of Illusions[63] (the eighth movie-to-comic adaption) Pokémon
Pokémon
The Movie: White: Victini
Victini
and Zekrom[64] (the ninth movie-to-comic adaption) Pokémon
Pokémon
Black and White[65][66][67][68][69][70][71]

Manga
Manga
not released in English

Pokémon
Pokémon
Pocket Monsters
Pocket Monsters
by Kosaku Anakubo, the first Pokémon
Pokémon
manga. It is chiefly a gag manga series stars a Pokémon
Pokémon
Trainer named Red, his rude Clefairy, and Pikachu. Pokémon
Pokémon
Card ni Natta Wake (How I Became a Pokémon
Pokémon
Card) by Kagemaru Himeno, an artist for the Trading Card Game. There are six volumes and each includes a special promotional card. The stories tell the tales of the art behind some of Himeno's cards. Pokémon
Pokémon
Get aa ze! by Miho Asada Pocket Monsters
Pocket Monsters
Chamo-Chamo ★ Pretty ♪ by Yumi Tsukirino, who also made Magical Pokémon
Pokémon
Journey. Pokémon
Pokémon
Card Master Pocket Monsters
Pocket Monsters
Emerald Chōsen!! Battle Frontier by Ihara Shigekatsu Pocket Monsters
Pocket Monsters
Zensho by Satomi Nakamura

Monopoly A Monopoly board game was released in August 2014.[72] Criticism and controversy Morality and religious beliefs Pokémon
Pokémon
has been criticized by some Christians over perceived occult and violent themes and the concept of " Pokémon
Pokémon
evolution", which they feel goes against the Biblical creation account in Genesis.[73] However, Sat2000, a satellite television station based in Vatican City, has countered that the Pokémon
Pokémon
Trading Card Game and video games are "full of inventive imagination" and have no "harmful moral side effects".[74][75] In the United Kingdom, the "Christian Power Cards" game was introduced in 1999 by David Tate who stated, "Some people aren't happy with Pokémon
Pokémon
and want an alternative, others just want Christian games." The game was similar to the Pokémon
Pokémon
Trading Card Game but used Biblical figures.[76] In 1999, Nintendo
Nintendo
stopped manufacturing the Japanese version of the "Koga's Ninja Trick" trading card because it depicted a manji, a traditionally Buddhist
Buddhist
symbol with no negative connotations. The Jewish
Jewish
civil rights group Anti-Defamation League
Anti-Defamation League
complained because the symbol is the reverse of a swastika, which is considered offensive to Jewish
Jewish
people. The cards were intended for sale in Japan
Japan
only, but the popularity of Pokémon
Pokémon
led to importation into the United States with approval from Nintendo. The Anti-Defamation League
Anti-Defamation League
understood that the issue symbol was not intended to offend and acknowledged the sensitivity that Nintendo
Nintendo
showed by removing the product.[77] In 1999, two nine-year-old boys from Merrick, New York
Merrick, New York
sued Nintendo because they claimed the Pokémon
Pokémon
Trading Card Game caused their problematic gambling.[78] In 2001, Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
banned Pokémon
Pokémon
games and cards, alleging that the franchise promoted Zionism
Zionism
by displaying the Star of David
Star of David
in the trading cards (a six-pointed star is featured in the card game) as well as other religious symbols such as crosses they associated with Christianity and triangles they associated with Freemasonry; the games also involved gambling, which is in violation of Muslim doctrine.[79][80] Pokémon
Pokémon
has also been accused of promoting materialism.[81] Animal cruelty In 2012, PETA publicly criticized the concept of Pokémon
Pokémon
as supporting cruelty to animals. PETA compared the game's concept, of capturing animals and forcing them to fight, to cockfights, dog fighting rings and circuses, all events frequently criticized for cruelty to animals. PETA released a game spoofing Pokémon
Pokémon
where the Pokémon
Pokémon
battle their trainers to win their freedom.[82] PETA reaffirmed their objections in 2016 with the release of Pokémon
Pokémon
Go, promoting the hashtag #GottaFreeThemAll.[83] Health Main article: Dennō Senshi Porygon On December 16, 1997, more than 635 Japanese children were admitted to hospitals with epileptic seizures.[84] It was determined the seizures were caused by watching an episode of Pokémon
Pokémon
"Dennō Senshi Porygon", (most commonly translated "Electric Soldier Porygon", season 1, episode 38); as a result, this episode has not been aired since. In this particular episode, there were bright explosions with rapidly alternating blue and red color patterns.[85] It was determined in subsequent research that these strobing light effects cause some individuals to have epileptic seizures, even if the person had no previous history of epilepsy.[86] This incident is a common focus of Pokémon-related parodies in other media, and was lampooned by the Simpsons episode "Thirty Minutes over Tokyo"[87] and the South Park episode "Chinpokomon",[88] among others. Monster in My Pocket In March 2000, Morrison Entertainment Group, a small toy developer based at Manhattan Beach, California, sued Nintendo
Nintendo
over claims that Pokémon
Pokémon
infringed on its own Monster in My Pocket
Monster in My Pocket
characters. A judge ruled there was no infringement, so Morrison appealed the ruling. On February 4, 2003, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the decision by the District Court to dismiss the suit.[89] Pokémon
Pokémon
Go See also: Pokémon
Pokémon
Go § Criticism and incidents Within its first two days of release, Pokémon
Pokémon
Go raised safety concerns among players. Multiple people also suffered minor injuries from falling while playing the game due to being distracted.[90] Multiple police departments in various countries have issued warnings, some tongue-in-cheek, regarding inattentive driving, trespassing, and being targeted by criminals due to being unaware of one's surroundings.[91][92] People have suffered various injuries from accidents related to the game,[93][94][95][96] and Bosnian players have been warned to stay out of minefields left over from the 1990s Bosnian War.[97] On July 20, 2016, it was reported that an 18-year-old boy in Chiquimula, Guatemala
Guatemala
was shot and killed while playing the game in the late evening hours.[98] This was the first reported death in connection with the app. The boy's 17-year-old cousin, who was accompanying the victim, was shot in the foot. Police speculated that the shooters used the game's GPS capability to find the two.[99] Cultural influence

All Nippon Airways
All Nippon Airways
Boeing 747-400 in Pokémon
Pokémon
livery, dubbed a Pokémon
Pokémon
Jet.

Pokémon, being a globally popular franchise, has left a significant mark on today's pop culture. The Pokémon
Pokémon
characters themselves have become pop culture icons; examples include two different Pikachu balloons in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, Pokémon
Pokémon
Jets operated by All Nippon Airways, thousands of merchandise items, and a traveling theme park that was in Nagoya, Japan
Japan
in 2005 and in Taipei
Taipei
in 2006. Pokémon
Pokémon
also appeared on the cover of the U.S. magazine Time in 1999. The Comedy Central show Drawn Together
Drawn Together
has a character named Ling-Ling who is a direct parody of Pikachu.[100] Several other shows such as ReBoot, The Simpsons, South Park, The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy, Robot Chicken, All Grown Up!, and Johnny Test
Johnny Test
have made references and spoofs of Pokémon, among other series. Pokémon
Pokémon
was also featured on VH1's I Love the '90s: Part Deux. A live action show called Pokémon
Pokémon
Live! toured the United States in late 2000. It was based on the popular Pokémon
Pokémon
anime, but had some continuity errors relating to it. Jim Butcher
Jim Butcher
cites Pokémon
Pokémon
as one of the inspirations for the Codex Alera series of novels. In November 2001, Nintendo
Nintendo
opened a store called the Pokémon
Pokémon
Center in New York, in New York's Rockefeller Center,[101] modeled after the two other Pokémon
Pokémon
Center stores in Tokyo and Osaka
Osaka
and named after a staple of the videogame series; Pokémon
Pokémon
Centers are fictional buildings where Trainers take their injured Pokémon
Pokémon
to be healed after combat.[102] The store sold Pokémon
Pokémon
merchandise on a total of two floors, with items ranging from collectible shirts to stuffed Pokémon
Pokémon
plushies.[103] The store also featured a Pokémon Distributing Machine in which players would place their game to receive an egg of a Pokémon
Pokémon
that was being given out at that time. The store also had tables that were open for players of the Pokémon Trading Card Game to duel each other or an employee. The store was closed and replaced by the Nintendo
Nintendo
World Store on May 14, 2005.[104] Three Pokémon
Pokémon
Center kiosks were put in malls in Washington, with one in Tacoma and one in Seattle currently remaining.[105][unreliable source?] The Pokémon
Pokémon
Center online store was relaunched on August 6, 2014.[106]

Meitetsu
Meitetsu
2200 series train Giratina & Shaymin.

Joseph Jay Tobin theorizes that the success of the franchise was mainly due to the long list of names that could be learned by children and repeated in their peer groups. The rich fictional universe provided a lot of opportunities for discussion and demonstration of knowledge in front of their peers. In the French version Nintendo
Nintendo
took care to translate the name of the creatures so that they reflected the French culture and language. In all cases the names of the creatures were linked to its characteristics, which converged with the children's belief that names have symbolic power. Children could pick their favourite Pokémon
Pokémon
and affirm their individuality while at the same time affirming their conformance to the values of the group, and they could distinguish themselves from other kids by asserting what they liked and what they didn't like from every chapter. Pokémon gained popularity because it provided a sense of identity to a wide variety of children, and lost it quickly when many of those children found that the identity groups were too big and searched for identities that would distinguish them into smaller groups.[107]

Shinkansen E3 Series
Shinkansen E3 Series
train in Pokémon
Pokémon
livery.

Pokémon's history has been marked at times by rivalry with the Digimon
Digimon
media franchise that debuted at a similar time. Described as "the other 'mon'" by IGN's Juan Castro, Digimon
Digimon
has not enjoyed Pokémon's level of international popularity or success, but has maintained a dedicated fanbase.[108] IGN's Lucas M. Thomas stated that Pokémon
Pokémon
is Digimon's "constant competition and comparison", attributing the former's relative success to the simplicity of its evolution mechanic as opposed to Digivolution.[109] The two have been noted for conceptual and stylistic similarities by sources such as GameZone.[110] A debate among fans exists over which of the two franchises came first.[111] In actuality, the first Pokémon
Pokémon
media, Pokémon
Pokémon
Red and Green, were released initially on February 27, 1996;[112] whereas the Digimon
Digimon
virtual pet was released on June 26, 1997. Fan community While Pokémon's target demographic is young boys, early purchasers of Pokémon
Pokémon
Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire were in their 20's.[113] Many fans are adults who originally played the games as children and later returned to the series. Bulbapedia, a wiki-based encyclopedia[114] associated with longtime fan site Bulbagarden,[115][116] is the "Internet's most detailed Pokémon
Pokémon
database project".[117] Bulbapedia finally received a mobile makeover with the release of BulbaGo, the app for Bulbapedia. The app's developer, Jonathan Zarra, was the same that created the location based chat app GoChat for Pokémon
Pokémon
Go. The Bulbapedia App was so successful that within 3 days of its release, it was acquired by Bulbapedia and turned into its official app. A significant community around the Pokémon
Pokémon
video games' metagame has existed for a long time, analyzing the best ways to use each Pokémon to their full potential in competitive battles. The most prolific competitive community is Smogon University, which has created a widely accepted tier-based battle system.[118] Smogon is affiliated with an online Pokémon
Pokémon
game called Pokémon
Pokémon
Showdown, in which players create a team and battle against other players around the world using the competitive tiers created by Smogon.[119] In early 2014, an anonymous video streamer on Twitch launched Twitch Plays Pokémon, an experiment trying to crowdsource playing subsequent Pokémon
Pokémon
games starting with Pokémon
Pokémon
Red.[120][121] A challenge called the Nuzlocke Challenge was created in order for older players of the series to enjoy Pokémon
Pokémon
again, but with a twist. When a Pokémon
Pokémon
faints it is considered "dead" and must be released or stored in the PC permanently.[122] If the player blacks out/whites out the game is considered over and the player must restart.[123] The original idea only consisted of 2 to 3 rules that the community has since built upon. There are many fan made Pokémon
Pokémon
games made that contains a game mode similar to the Nuzlocke Challenge, such as Pokémon
Pokémon
Uranium.[124] See also

Pokémon
Pokémon
portal Nintendo
Nintendo
portal Video games portal Japan
Japan
portal

List of Pokémon List of Pokémon
Pokémon
chapters List of Pokémon
Pokémon
characters List of Pokémon
Pokémon
episodes List of Pokémon
Pokémon
video games Pokémon
Pokémon
episodes removed from rotation

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Go criticised by PETA for 'animal cruelty' parallels". Retrieved September 10, 2016.  ^ Ferlazzo, Edoardo; Zifkin, Benjamin G.; Andermann, Eva; Andermann, Frederick (2005). "REVIEW ARTICLE: Cortical triggers in generalized reflex seizures and epilepsies" (PDF). Oxford University Press.  ^ "Pokemon (episode #38) Packs a Punch". March 11, 2000. Retrieved August 10, 2013.  ^ "Color Changes in TV Cartoons Cause Seizures". ScienceDaily. Archived from the original on November 8, 2004.  ^ "Thirty Minutes Over Tokyo". The Simpsons
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Tobin, Joseph, ed. (February 2004). Pikachu's Global Adventure: The Rise and Fall of Pokémon. Duke University Press. ISBN 0-8223-3287-6.

External links

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Pokémon

Look up pokémon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pokémon.

Official hub for regional Pokémon
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