The POINT OF SANGOMAR is a sand spit located on the
Atlantic Ocean at
the mouth of the
Saloum Delta , which marks the end of the Petite
Côte west of
This narrow sandbar extends south about twenty kilometers from
Palmarin Diakhanor. Long threatened by coastal erosion , the fragile
cord was again broken by a tidal wave in 1987, giving birth to the
island of Sangomar. The gap between this new island and the point
where the village of Djiffer continues to widen.
* 1 Geomorphology and environmental
* 2 History
* 3 Toponymy
* 4 Religious significance
* 5 Notes
* 6 External links
GEOMORPHOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL
The rupture in Sangomar is the result of a natural process for the
past few thousand years, which has also been noticed by sailors.
In 1891, it was found that the gap had widened from 25 to 30m since
1886. In the twentieth century, several breaks were reported
including: 1909, 1928, 1960, 1970, etc.
The latest occurred on 27 February 1987 at a place called Lagoba. A
year later, the gap was reported to be 1 km wide, and ten years later,
about 4 km. Several camps and buildings were destroyed. The fish
packing plant at Djifer was closed in 1996. The village located 4 km
north of the first breakpoint is increasingly threatened and
authorities are considering the evacuation of its inhabitants to the
new port of Diakhanor .
Parallel to the phenomenon of erosion , occurs a process of
sedimentation : the extremity of the new Southern Island of Sangomar
increases by 100 m per annum to the south and, on the opposite bank,
the outskirts of the villages of Niodior and Dionewar are silting
considerably, reducing traffic of vessels and contributing to the
isolation of populations.
Customs post established on the edge
of Sangomar in 1890
All these phenomena are closely followed by a body established with
the support of
UNESCO in 1984, the multidisciplinary team that studies
coastal ecosystems (EPEEC).
Point of Sangomar
Point of Sangomar has also been long described by navigators and
hydrographers because of its bar and because of its strategic
location downstream of the port of
Kaolack , an important production
center for peanuts and salt .
In the mid-nineteenth century,
Louis Faidherbe , the Governor of
Senegal , tried to take control of the peanut producing countries and
those encircling the
Cayor . In May 1858, he made an expedition
directed in particular to the
Kingdom of Sine . To consolidate the
French position, as in
Rufisque (Cayor), Saly-Portudal (
Saloum ) and
Joal (Sine ), a fort was built at Sangomar. In
1890, a customs post was built there.
Serer language and
Henry Gravrand , the word "Sangomar" among the Serer
people , means "the village of shadows", (the "Elysiums ").
Serer religion , the
Point of Sangomar
Point of Sangomar is a place believed to
be a gathering place for pangool . The local population continue to
visit this island to venerate ancestors . It is a Serer place of
worship and one of the most sacred places in Serer religion. Serer and
Jola tradition speak of an ancient legend commonly referred to as the
legend of Jambooñ and Agaire. According to this legend, two sisters
(Jambooñ and Agaire) boarded a pirogue along with their parties. The
boat broke in two at the Point of Sangomar. Those who survived and
headed north were the ancestors of the Serer people, and those who
headed south became the ancestors of the
Jola people .
"Sangomar, a Serer place of worship, at
Palmarin " appears on the
List of monuments and historical sites in
Serer religion portal
Serer people portal
* Gambia portal
* Religion portal
* Geography portal
* Nautical portal
* ^ A B C D E « Les études pluridisciplinaires côtières au
* ^ Bouteiller, J., "De Saint-Louis à Sierra-Leone. Huit ans de
navigation dans les rivières du Sud", A. Challamel, Paris, 1891, p.
* ^ Vézia, Frédérick, "Sénégal :
Sine-Saloum , la forêt de
l'océan", Éditions de La Martinière, Paris, 2009, p. 21 ISBN
* ^ (in French) « Je ne conseillerai jamais à un capitaine de
passer la barre de Sangomar avec un grand navire sans l'avoir balisée
au préalable », conseille le capitaine Bouteiller en 1891, in De
Sierra Leone , op. cit., p. 200
* ^ Cesaraccio, Marcella, Thomas, Yves F., & Diaw, Amadou T., «
Analyse de l'évolution de la flêche littorale de Sangomar (petite
côte de la République du Sénégal) par constitution d'une chronique
d'un siècle de données images », conférence au Congrès français
de sédimentologie, Orléans, 2001, Association des sédimentologistes
français, 2001, n°. 37, p. 69-70
* ^ Saint-Martin, Yves-Jean, "Le Sénégal sous le Second Empire",
Karthala, Paris, 2000, p. 420 ISBN 2865372014
* ^ "Dossier 2. — Chemins de fer. Douane. Routes", Debien,
Gabriel, « Papiers Noirot », Bulletin de l'Institut fondamental
d\'Afrique noire , vol. 26, nos 3-4, juillet-octobre 1964, p. 476-93
* ^ Gravrand, Henry , "Visage africain de l'Église", Orante,
Paris, 1961, p. 285
* ^ Kesteloot, Lilyan , "Les poèmes de
Léopold Sédar Senghor ",
Les Classiques africains , Issy-les-Moulineaux, 1987, p. 138, ISBN
* ^ « Sites mythiques du Sénégal : Sangomar, ses merveilles et
ses mystères »] (Le Soleil , 13 August 2008, p. 10
* ^ Fata Ndiaye in Ethiopiques (in French) Le SIIN avant les
* ^ Ndiaye, Fata, "La saga du peuple sérère et l'Histoire du
Sine", Ethiopiques n° 54 revue semestrielle de culture
négro-africaine, Nouvelle série volume 7, 2e semestre 1991.
* ^ Ministère de la Culture, du Genre et du Cadre de Vie (ed.).
"Arrêté N° 12.09.2007 Portant publication de la liste des Sites et
Monuments historiques classés".
* J. Bouteiller, De Saint-Louis à Sierra-Leone.