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Ptuj
Ptuj
(pronounced [ˈptuːi̯] ( listen); German: Pettau; Latin: Poetovium/Poetovio) is a town in northeastern Slovenia that is the seat of the Municipality of Ptuj. Ptuj, the oldest recorded city in Slovenia, has been inhabited since the late Stone Age and developed from a Roman military fort. Ptuj
Ptuj
was located at a strategically important crossing of the Drava
Drava
River, along a prehistoric trade route between the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
and the Adriatic.[2] Traditionally the area was part of the Styria region and became part of the Austria-Hungarian Empire. In the early 20th century the majority of the residents were of German extraction, but today the population is largely Slovenes. Residents of Ptuj
Ptuj
are known as Ptujčani.

Contents

1 History 2 Neighborhoods 3 Landmarks 4 Culture

4.1 The Kurent or Korant Carnival

5 Transport 6 People 7 International relations 8 Twin towns — sister cities 9 Gallery 10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

Ouroboros
Ouroboros
in a wall of the castle of Ptuj

Ptuj
Ptuj
is the oldest recorded town in Slovenia. There is evidence that the area was settled in the Stone Age. In the Late Iron Age
Iron Age
it was settled by Celts.[3] By the 1st century BC, the settlement was controlled by Ancient Rome as part of the Pannonian province. In 69 AD, Vespasian
Vespasian
was elected Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
by the Danubian legions in Ptuj, and the first written mention of the city of Ptuj
Ptuj
is from the same year. Poetovium was the base-camp of Legio XIII Gemina
Legio XIII Gemina
where it had its legionary fortress or castrum. The name originated in the times of Emperor Trajan, who granted the settlement city status and named it Colonia Ulpia Traiana Poetovio in 103. The patristic writer Victorinus was Bishop of Poetovio before martyrdom in 303 or 304. The Caesar Constantinus Gallus was divested of his imperial robe and arrested in Poetovio before his susequent execution in Pola (354) (Amm.Marc. Hist. XIV) The battle of Poetovio in 388 saw Theodosius I's victory over the usurper, Maximus. The city had 40,000 inhabitants until it was plundered by the Huns
Huns
in 450.[3] In 570 the city was occupied by Eurasian Avars and Slavic tribes.[3] Ptuj
Ptuj
became part of the Frankish Empire[3] after the fall of Avar state at the end of 8th century. Between 840 and 874 it belonged to the Slavic Balaton Principality of Pribina
Pribina
and Kocelj. Between 874 and 890 Ptuj
Ptuj
gradually came under the influence of the Archbishopric of Salzburg;[3] city rights passed in 1376 began an economic upswing for the settlement. As Pettau, it was incorporated into the Duchy of Styria in 1555.[3]

Ptuj
Ptuj
as seen from the castle

Pettau was a battleground during the Ottoman wars in Europe
Ottoman wars in Europe
and suffered from fires in 1684, 1705, 1710, and 1744.[3] Its population and importance began to decline in the 19th century, however, after the completion of the Vienna- Trieste
Trieste
route of the Austrian Southern Railway, as the line went through Marburg (Maribor) instead. According to the 1910 Austro-Hungarian census, 86% of the population of Pettau's Old Town
Town
was German-speaking, while the population of the surrounding villages predominantly spoke Slovenian. After the collapse of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
at the end of World War I, Pettau was included in the short-lived Republic of German Austria, but after the military intervention of the Slovenian general Rudolf Maister, the entire territory of Lower Styria was included into the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (Yugoslavia). During the interwar period, the number and the percentage of those identifying as Germans
Germans
in the city, which was renamed Ptuj, decreased rapidly, although a relatively strong ethnic German minority remained. After the invasion of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
in April 1941, Ptuj
Ptuj
was occupied by Nazi Germany. From 1941 to 1944 the town's Slovenian population was dispossessed and deported. Their homes were taken over by German speakers from South Tyrol
South Tyrol
and Gottschee
Gottschee
County, who had themselves been evicted according to an agreement between Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and Benito Mussolini. These German immigrants, along with the native German Pettauer, were expelled to Austria
Austria
in 1945; many later settled in North America. Since 1945, Ptuj
Ptuj
has been populated almost completely by Slovenes. Neighborhoods[edit]

Town
Town
Tower and Ptuj
Ptuj
Town
Town
Theatre

Neighborhood Population

Center 3681

Breg–Turnišče 3743

Ljudski Vrt 5903

Jezero 1581

Panorama 2072

Rogoznica 3867

Grajena 2390

Spuhlja 872

Landmarks[edit]

Ptuj
Ptuj
Town
Town
Hall

Ptuj
Ptuj
Castle St. George's Church Little Castle Ptuj
Ptuj
Town
Town
Hall Ptuj
Ptuj
Town
Town
Theatre Town
Town
Tower Dominican monastery Orpheus Monument Franciscan monastery Upper Mansion St. Oswald's Church

The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint George
Saint George
and belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Maribor. It is a three-naved Gothic building from the 13th and early 14th century, but the structure incorporates parts of a much earlier structure, dating to the mid-9th century.[4] Culture[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2014)

The Kurent or Korant Carnival[edit]

Kurenti in Ptuj

Ptuj
Ptuj
is the center place of a ten-day-long carnival in the spring, an ancient Slavic pagan rite of spring and fertility, called Kurentovanje or Korantovanje. Kurent is believed to be the name of an ancient god of hedonism[peacock term] - the Slavic counterpart of the Greek god Priapos, although there are no written records. Kurenti or Koranti (singular: Kurent or Korant) are figures dressed in sheep skin who go about the town wearing masks, a long red tongue, cow bells, and multi-colored ribbons on the head. The Kurenti from Ptuj and the adjoining villages also wear feathers, while those from the Haloze
Haloze
and Lancova Vas
Lancova Vas
wear horns. Organized in groups, Kurents go through town, from house to house, making noise with their bells and wooden sticks, to symbolically scare off evil spirits and the winter. Transport[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2014)

The nearest airports are Ptuj
Ptuj
Sport Airfield (Moškanjci), which is seven kilometers (4.3 miles) away, and Maribor
Maribor
Edvard Rusjan Airport, which is eighteen kilometers (11 miles) away. People[edit]

Victorinus of Pettau
Victorinus of Pettau
(† 303), bishop, martyr Luigi Kasimir (1881−1962), artist Angela Salloker (1913-2006), actress Brigita Brezovac, bodybuilder Nastja Čeh, Slovene footballer, played in the UEFA Champions League with Club Brugge Laris Gaiser (sl), geopolitical analyst and expert of international relations Benka Pulko, Slovene long distance motorcycle traveler, writer, photographer, humanitarian and Guinness World Record Holder Miha Remec, science fiction author Aleš Šteger, Slovene poet Dejan Zavec, Slovene boxer

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Slovenia Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Ptuj
Ptuj
is twinned with:

- Aranđelovac, Serbia - Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia
Slovakia
(2002) - Burghausen, Germany
Germany
(2001)

- Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
(2006) - Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire, France
France
(1998) - Varaždin, Croatia
Croatia
(2004)

Gallery[edit]

Ptuj
Ptuj
Castle

A street in the center of Ptuj

Panoramic view from Ptuj
Ptuj
Castle

Panoramic view of Ptuj

Orpheus Monument
Orpheus Monument
at Slovene Square

References[edit]

^ "Ptuj, Ptuj". Place Names. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 28 March 2014.  ^ Sasel, J. "The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites,POETOVIO(Ptuj) Yugoslavia". The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g PtujTourism.si. "The History of Ptuj". Accessed November 8, 2006. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 582

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ptuj.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ptuj.

Official website (in Slovene) Ptuj
Ptuj
Tourism

v t e

City Municipality of Ptuj

Settlements

Administrative centre: Ptuj

Current

Grajena Grajenščak Kicar Krčevina pri Vurbergu Mestni Vrh Pacinje Podvinci Spodnji Velovlek Spuhlja

Former

Zgornji Breg

Landmarks

Dominican monastery Franciscan monastery Lake Ptuj Little Castle Orpheus Monument Ptuj
Ptuj
Castle Puh Bridge St. George's Church St. Oswald's Church Sts. Peter and Paul Church Town
Town
Hall Town
Town
Theatre Town
Town
Tower

Notable people

Nastja Čeh Ivan Ratkaj Miha Remec Benka Pulko Vi

.