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A poet is a person who creates poetry. Poets may describe themselves as such or be described as such by others. A poet may simply be a writer of poetry, or may perform their art to an audience.

Postmortal fictional portrait of Slovak poet Janko Kráľ
Janko Kráľ
(1822-1876) - an idealized romanticized picture of "how a real poet should look" in Western culture.

The Italian Giacomo Leopardi
Giacomo Leopardi
was mentioned by the University of Birmingham as "one of the most radical and challenging of nineteenth-century thinkers".[1]

The work of a poet is essentially one of communication, either expressing ideas in a literal sense, such as writing about a specific event or place, or metaphorically. Poets have existed since antiquity, in nearly all languages, and have produced works that vary greatly in different cultures and periods.[2] Throughout each civilization and language, poets have used various styles that have changed through the course of literary history, resulting in a history of poets as diverse as the literature they have produced.

Contents

1 History 2 Education 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

History[edit] This is about the history of the poet profession. For a history of poetry, see History of poetry In Ancient Rome, professional poets were generally sponsored by patrons, wealthy supporters including nobility and military officials.[3] For instance, Gaius Cilnius Maecenas, friend to Caesar Augustus, was an important patron for the Augustan poets, including both Horace
Horace
and Virgil. Poets held an important position in pre-Islamic Arabic society with the poet or sha'ir filling the role of historian, soothsayer and propagandist. Words in praise of the tribe (qit'ah) and lampoons denigrating other tribes (hija') seem to have been some of the most popular forms of early poetry. The sha'ir represented an individual tribe's prestige and importance in the Arabian peninsula, and mock battles in poetry or zajal would stand in lieu of real wars. 'Ukaz, a market town not far from Mecca, would play host to a regular poetry festival where the craft of the sha'irs would be exhibited. In the High Middle Ages, troubadors were an important class of poets and came from a variety of backgrounds. They lived and travelled in many different places and were looked upon as actors or musicians as much as poets. They were often under patronage, but many travelled extensively. The Renaissance
Renaissance
period saw a continuation of patronage of poets by royalty. Many poets, however, had other sources of income, including Italians like Dante Aligheri, Giovanni Boccaccio
Giovanni Boccaccio
and Petrarch's works in a pharmacist's guild and William Shakespeare's work in the theater. In the Romantic period
Romantic period
and onwards, many poets were independent writers who made their living through their work, often supplemented by income from other occupations or from family.[4] This included poets such as William Wordsworth
William Wordsworth
and Robert Burns. Poets such as Virgil
Virgil
in the Aeneid
Aeneid
and John Milton
John Milton
in Paradise Lost invoked the aid of a Muse. Education[edit] Poets of earlier times were often well read and highly educated people while others were to a large extent self-educated. A few poets such as John Gower
John Gower
and John Milton
John Milton
were able to write poetry in more than one language. Some Portuguese poets, as Francisco de Sá de Miranda, wrote not only in Portuguese but also in Spanish.[5] Jan Kochanowski
Jan Kochanowski
wrote in Polish and in Latin,[6] France Prešeren
France Prešeren
and Karel Hynek Mácha[7] wrote some poems in German, although they were poets of Slovenian and Czech respectively. Adam Mickiewicz, the greatest poet of Polish language, wrote a Latin ode for emperor Napoleon III. Another example is Jerzy Pietrkiewicz, a Polish poet. When he moved to Great Britain, he ceased to write poetry in Polish, but started writing novel in English.[8] He also translated poetry from English and into English. Many universities offer degrees in creative writing though these only came into existence in the 20th century. While these courses are not necessary for a career as a poet, they can be helpful as training, and for giving the student several years of time focused on their writing.[9] See also[edit]

List of poets Bard Lyricist

References[edit]

^ The Zibaldone project, University of Birmingham ^ Orban, Clara Elizabeth (1997). The Culture of Fragments: Word and Images in Futurism and Surrealism. Rodopi. p. 3. ISBN 90-420-0111-9.  ^ Barbara K. Gold, (2014) Literary and Artistic Patronage in Ancient Rome", University of Texas Press ^ Peter T. Murphy (2005) " Poetry
Poetry
as an Occupation and an Art in Britain" Cambridge University Press ^ Encyclopaedia Britanncia. ^ Jan Kochanowski
Jan Kochanowski
at Catholic Encyclopaedia. ^ Karel Hynek Mácha: A leading poet of Czech Romanticism. ^ Independent. ^ Nikki Moustaki (2001), The Complete Idiot's Guide to Writing Poetry, Penguin.

Further reading[edit]

Reginald Gibbons (ed), The Poet's Work: 29 poets on the origins and practice of their art. University of Chicago Press (1979). ISBN 9780226290546 at Google Books

External links[edit]

Look up poet or poetess in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Poets

Wikimedia Commons has media related to poets.

Poets' Graves

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Lists of poets

By language

Afrikaans Albanian Arabic Armenian Assamese Awadhi Belarusian Bengali Bosnian Bulgarian Catalan Chinese Croatian Danish Dutch English French German Greek (Ancient) Gujarati Hebrew Hindi Icelandic Indonesian Irish Italian Japanese Kashmiri Konkani Kannada Korean Kurdish Latin Maithili Malayalam Maltese Manipuri Marathi Nepali Nepali Oriya Pashto Pennsylvania Dutch Persian Polish Portuguese Punjabi Rajasthani Romanian Russian Sanskrit Sindhi Slovak Slovenian Sorbian Spanish Swedish Syriac Tamil Telugu Turkic Ukrainian Urdu Uzbek Welsh Yiddish

By nationality or culture

Afghan American Argentine Australian Austrian Bangladeshi Bosniak Brazilian Breton Canadian Chicano Estonian Finnish Ghanaian Greek Indian Iranian Irish Mexican Nepali New Zealander Nicaraguan Nigerian Ottoman Pakistani Peruvian Romani Romanian Somali South African Swedish Swiss Syrian Turkish

By type

Anarchist Early-modern women (UK) Feminist Lyric Modernist National Performance Romantic Speculative Surrealist War Women

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Poetry
Poetry
of different cultures and languages

Albanian American Anglo-Welsh Arabic Assamese Australian Bengali Biblical Byzantine Bulgarian Canadian Chinese (Cantonese) Cornish English Finnish French Greek Guernésiais Gujarati Hindi Hebrew Indian Indian epic Irish Italian Japanese Javanese Jèrriais Kannada Kashmiri Korean Latin Latin American Latino Manx Marathi Malayalam Nepali Old English Old Norse Ottoman Pakistani Pashto Persian Polish Portuguese Punjabi Rajasthani Russian Sanskrit

Classical Vedic

Scottish Serbian epic Sindhi Slovak Spanish Tamil Telugu Thai Turkish Urdu Vietnamese Welsh

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Schools of poetry

Akhmatova's Orphans Angry Penguins Auden Group The Beats Black Arts Movement Black Mountain poets British Poetry
Poetry
Revival Cairo poets Castalian Band Cavalier poets Chhayavaad Churchyard poets Confessionalists Créolité Cyclic Poets Dada Deep image Della Cruscans Dolce Stil Novo Dymock poets Ecopoetry The poets of Elan Flarf Fugitives Garip Gay Saber Generation of '27 Generation of the '30s Generation of '98 Georgian poets Goliard The Group Harlem Renaissance Harvard Aesthetes Hungry generation Imagism Informationist poetry Jindyworobaks Lake Poets Language poets Martian poetry Metaphysical poets Misty Poets Modernist poetry The Movement Négritude Neotericism New American Poetry New Apocalyptics New Formalism New York School Objectivists Others Parnassian poets La Pléiade Quantum Sheep Rhymers' Club San Francisco Renaissance Scottish Renaissance Sicilian School Sons of Ben Southern Agrarians Spasmodic poets Sung poetry Surrealism Symbolism Uranian poetry

Poetry
Poetry
portal

Authority control

LCCN: sh85103733 GND: 44364

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