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Pocatello () is the
county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary and the United States. County towns have a similar fu ...
and largest city of Bannock County, with a small portion on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation in neighboring Power County, in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of
Idaho Idaho () is a U.S. state, state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the state of Montana to the east and northeast, Wyoming to the east, Nevada and Utah to the south, and Washington (state), Washington and Oregon ...
. It is the principal city of the Pocatello metropolitan area, which encompasses all of Bannock County. As of the 2010 census the population of Pocatello was 54,255.U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Idaho's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting
Accessed March 17, 2011
Pocatello is the fifth-largest city in the state, just behind Idaho Falls. In 2007, Pocatello was ranked twentieth on
Forbes ''Forbes'' () is an American business magazine owned by Integrated Whale Media Investments and the Forbes family (publishers), Forbes family. Published eight times a year, it features original articles on finance, Industrial sector, industry, ...
list of Best Small Places for Business and Careers. Pocatello is the home of
Idaho State University , mottoeng = "The truth will set you free" , established = , former_names = , type = Public university, Public research university , endowment = $53 million (2017) , president = Kevin Satterlee , faculty = 826 (Fall 2019) , staff = , st ...

Idaho State University
and the manufacturing facility of ON Semiconductor. The city is at an elevation of
above sea level Above may refer to: * Above (artist), Tavar Zawacki (born 1981), contemporary urban artist * ''Above'' (magazine), an American environmental magazine 2009–2010 *Above (Mad Season album), ''Above'' (Mad Season album), 1995 *Above (Pillar album), ' ...
and is served by the
Pocatello Regional Airport Pocatello Regional Airport is a city-owned, public-use airport An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to park and maintain aircraft, and a control tower. An ...
.


History


Indigenous tribes

Shoshone The Shoshone or Shoshoni ( or ) are a Native American tribe with four large cultural/linguistic divisions: * Eastern Shoshone: Wyoming * Northern Shoshone: southern Idaho Idaho () is a U.S. state, state in the Pacific Northwest region o ...
and
Bannock Bannock may mean: * Bannock (food) Bannock is a variety of flat quick bread or any large, round article baked or cooked from grain. A bannock is usually cut into sections before serving. English/Scottish The word "bannock" comes from Northern a ...
Indigenous tribes inhabited southeastern
Idaho Idaho () is a U.S. state, state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the state of Montana to the east and northeast, Wyoming to the east, Nevada and Utah to the south, and Washington (state), Washington and Oregon ...
for hundreds of years before the trek by
Lewis and Clark Lewis may refer to: Names * Lewis (given name), including a list of people with the given name * Lewis (surname), including a list of people with the surname Music * Lewis (musician), Canadian singer * "Lewis (Mistreated)", a song by Radiohead fr ...

Lewis and Clark
across
Idaho Idaho () is a U.S. state, state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the state of Montana to the east and northeast, Wyoming to the east, Nevada and Utah to the south, and Washington (state), Washington and Oregon ...
in 1805. Their reports of the many riches of the region attracted fur trappers and traders to southeastern Idaho. The city is named after Chief Pocatello, a 19th-century
Shoshone The Shoshone or Shoshoni ( or ) are a Native American tribe with four large cultural/linguistic divisions: * Eastern Shoshone: Wyoming * Northern Shoshone: southern Idaho Idaho () is a U.S. state, state in the Pacific Northwest region o ...
leader.


Permanent settlements

Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth, Nathaniel Wyeth of Massachusetts established one of the first permanent settlements at Fort Hall in 1834, which is only a few miles northeast of Pocatello. When over-trapping and a shift in fashion to silk hats put an end to the fur trade, Fort Hall, Idaho, Fort Hall became a supply point for immigrants traveling the Oregon Trail. Although thousands of immigrants passed through
Idaho Idaho () is a U.S. state, state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It borders the state of Montana to the east and northeast, Wyoming to the east, Nevada and Utah to the south, and Washington (state), Washington and Oregon ...
, it was not until the discovery of gold in 1860 that Idaho attracted settlers in large numbers. The gold rush brought a need for goods and services to many towns, and the Portneuf River (Idaho), Portneuf Valley, home of Pocatello, was the corridor initially used by stage and freight lines. The coming of the railroad provided further development of Idaho's mineral resources and "Pocatello junction" became an important transportation crossroads as the Union Pacific Railroad expanded its service.


Gateway to the Northwest

After its founding in 1889, Pocatello became known as the "Gateway to the Northwest". As pioneers, gold miners and settlers traveled the Oregon Trail, they passed through the Portneuf Gap south of town. Stage and freight lines and the railroad soon followed, turning the community into a trade center and transportation junction.


Gold rush and agriculture

After the gold rush played out, the settlers who remained turned to agriculture. With the help of irrigation from the nearby Snake River, the region became a large supplier of potatoes, grain and other crops. Residential and commercial development gradually appeared by 1882.


Alameda consolidation

The adjacent city of Alameda, Idaho, Alameda was consolidated into Pocatello in 1962, Chubbuck, Idaho, Chubbuck, further north, opposed a similar merger and remained a separate municipality. In the 1960 census, Alameda had a population of 10,660 and Pocatello was at 28,534; the consolidation made Pocatello the state's largest city based on those numbers, passing Boise, Idaho, Boise and Idaho Falls.


Flag

The Pocatello flag used from 2001 to 2017 was considered by the North American Vexillological Association as the worst city flag in North America. In April 2016, the city's newly created flag design committee met for the first time. Attending the meeting was Roman Mars – whose 2015 TED Talk made Pocatello's flag infamous. On July 20, 2017, after a year and a half of work by the flag committee, the Pocatello City Council approved the adoption of a new flag with the informal name of "Mountains Left" out of a total of 709 designs.


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is land and is water. A main water feature of Pocatello is the Portneuf River, which runs southeast to northwest on the western side of the city. Since 1992, the city and the Portneuf Greenway Foundatio

have worked to create a system of trails that follow the river and connect to other trails in the greater Portneuf Valley. Currently, 15+ miles of trails have been constructed with 27 planned total miles.


Climate

Pocatello experiences a warm-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification, Köppen ''Dfb''), with winters that are moderately long and cold, and warm, dry summers.


Demographics


2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 54,255 people, 20,832 households, and 13,253 families living in the city. The population density was . There were 22,404 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the city was 90.5% White (U.S. Census), White, 1.0% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 1.7% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 1.6% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.2% Race (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 2.3% from Race (U.S. Census), other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino of any race were 7.2% of the population. There were 20,832 households, of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were Marriage, married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.4% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age in the city is 30.2 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 14.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.4% were from 25 to 44; 21.8% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.


2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 51,466 people, 19,334 households, and 12,973 families living in the city. The population density was 1,822.5 people per square mile (703.7/km2). There were 20,627 housing units at an average density of 730.4 per square mile (282.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.32% White (U.S. Census), White, 0.72% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 1.35% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 1.15% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 2.18% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 2.09% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino of any race were 4.94% of the population. The top 5 ethnic groups in Pocatello are: English – 21%, German – 16%, Irish – 9%, Danish – 4% and Swedish – 4%. There were 19,334 households, out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.10. In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.6% under the age of 18, 16.7% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,326, and the median income for a family was $41,884. Males had a median income of $33,984 versus $22,962 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,425. About 10.7% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.


Religion

The religious affiliation is as follows: *55.4% Latter-day Saint *16.1% Catholic *26.5% Other (inc. Lutheran, Southern Baptist, United Methodist etc.)


Economy

Idaho Department of Correction operates the Pocatello Women's Correctional Center (PWCC) in Pocatello. The United States Postal Service operates the Pocatello, Bannock, and Gateway Station post offices. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is building a data center in Pocatello as part of an initiative to consolidate operations into three enterprise data centers.


Top employers

According to Pocatello's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:


Sports

Pocatello is home to Holt Arena, a multipurpose indoor stadium that opened in 1970 on the ISU campus. Known as the "Minidome" until 1988, Holt Arena was the home of the Real Dairy Bowl, a junior college football Bowl game. Holt Arena also plays host to the Simplot Games, the nation's largest indoor high school track-and-field meet. The Pocatello Marathon and Half Marathon are held annually. Times from the course may be used to qualify for the Boston and New York marathons. Outdoor sports, both winter and summer, play an important role in the culture of Pocatello. Pebble Creek, Idaho is a ski resort located just south of Pocatello and offers skiing and snowboarding.


Education


Primary and secondary education

Pocatello is served by the Pocatello/Chubbuck School District #25. The district is home to three public high schools. Feeding the high schools are four public middle schools, thirteen public elementary schools, two public charter schools, and various alternative and church-based private schools and academies.


High schools

* Century High School (Pocatello, Idaho), Century High School * Highland High School (Pocatello, Idaho), Highland High School * Pocatello High School


Middle schools

* Alameda Middle School * Franklin Middle School * Hawthorne Middle School * Irving Middle School


Elementary schools

* Chubbuck Elementary School * Edahow Elementary School * Ellis Elementary School * Gate City Elementary School * Gem Prep * Greenacres Elementary School * Indian Hills Elementary School * Jefferson Elementary School * Lewis & Clark Elementary School * Syringa Elementary School * Tendoy Elementary School * Tyhee Elementary School * Washington Elementary School * Wilcox Elementary School


Higher education

Idaho State University , mottoeng = "The truth will set you free" , established = , former_names = , type = Public university, Public research university , endowment = $53 million (2017) , president = Kevin Satterlee , faculty = 826 (Fall 2019) , staff = , st ...

Idaho State University
(ISU) is a public university operated by the state of Idaho. Originally an auxiliary campus of the University of Idaho and then a state college, it became the second university in the state in 1963. The ISU campus is in Pocatello, with outreach programs in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Falls, Boise, and Twin Falls. The university's L.E. and Thelma E. Stephens Performing Arts Center occupies a prominent location overlooking Pocatello and the lower Portneuf River Valley. The center's three venues provide performance space, including the Joseph C. and Cheryl H. Jensen Grand Concert Hall. Idaho State's athletics teams compete in the Big Sky Conference, the American football, football and basketball teams play in Holt Arena.


Infrastructure


Transportation

Commercial air service is available via
Pocatello Regional Airport Pocatello Regional Airport is a city-owned, public-use airport An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to park and maintain aircraft, and a control tower. An ...
. Pocatello Regional Transit provides bus service on five hourly routes, Monday through Saturday. There is currently no evening or Sunday service.


Notable people

*Chris Abernathy, electrician and member of the Idaho House of Representatives *Neil L. Andersen, member of the Quorum of the 12 Apostles, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints *Don Aslett, entrepreneur and founder of the town's Museum of Clean *Kayla Barron, NASA astronaut *Billie Bird (1908–2002), comedian and actress *Greg Byrne (athletic director), Greg Byrne, athletic director at University of Alabama *Shay Carl, Video blog, vlogger, one of the original founders of Maker Studios, which was sold to Walt Disney Co. in 2014. *Gloria Dickson, actress *Jan Broberg Felt, actress *George V. Hansen, politician *Taysom Hill, Special-Teamer and Backup Quarterback for the New Orleans Saints *Merril Hoge, analyst for ESPN, NFL running back *Bryan Johnson (fullback), Bryan Johnson, NFL football player *James Edmund Johnson, Medal of Honor recipient, posthumously, for valor in combat in the Korean War *Dirk Koetter, offensive coordinator for the Atlanta Falcons *Wendy J. Olson, U.S. Attorney for the U.S. District Court for the District of Idaho, District of Idaho *C. Ben Ross, Mayor of Pocatello and List of Governors of Idaho, 15th Governor of Idaho *Bill Salkeld, Major League Baseball catcher *Tom Spanbauer, writer, winner of the Stonewall Book Award *Richard G. Scott, member of the Quorum of the 12 Apostles, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints *Edward Stevenson (costume designer), Edward Stevenson, costume designer for numerous films including ''Citizen Kane'' and ''It's a Wonderful Life'' *Minerva Teichert, artist *Celeste West, librarian and lesbian author, born Pocatello 1942 *Jack Williams (news anchor), Jack Williams, Boston news anchor *Benedicte Wrensted, photographer lived in Pocatello from 1895 to 1912 *Reo Wilde, professional archer *Logan Wilde, professional archer


In popular culture

* ''The Great Food Truck Race'' Season 4, Episode 3, "Potatoes in Pocatello". Pocatello, Idaho is the location of episode 3 food truck race challenge. Much of the city is shown, as well as the local foot traffic. * Judy Garland sings about being "born in a trunk at the Princess Theatre in Pocatello, Idaho" as Esther Blodgett in the film ''A Star Is Born (1954 film), A Star is Born''. * The documentary Abducted in Plain Sight takes place in Pocatello * The play Pocatello by Samuel D. Hunter takes place at an eating establishment in Pocatello.


References


External links


City of Pocatello
{{authority control Pocatello, Idaho, Cities in Idaho Cities in Bannock County, Idaho Cities in Power County, Idaho University towns in the United States Oregon Trail County seats in Idaho Populated places established in 1834 Pocatello, Idaho metropolitan area 1834 establishments in Oregon