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Coordinates: 40°45′53″N 73°58′28″W / 40.764712°N 73.974574°W / 40.764712; -73.974574

Plaza Hotel

U.S. National Register of Historic Places

U.S. National Historic Landmark

NYC Landmark

The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
as seen from the corner of 5th Avenue and 58th Street in Manhattan

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Location 768 Fifth Avenue, Manhattan, New York City
Manhattan, New York City
10019

Built 1907

Architect Henry J. Hardenbergh; Thomas Hastings, et al.

Architectural style Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals

NRHP reference # 78001878

Significant dates

Added to NRHP November 29, 1978[1]

Designated NHL June 24, 1986 [2]

Designated NYCL December 9, 1969

The Plaza Hotel, located in the Midtown Manhattan
Midtown Manhattan
neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan, New York City, is a landmark 20-story luxury hotel and condominium apartment building, opened in 1907 and now owned by an Indian conglomerate, Sahara India Pariwar.

Contents

1 Location 2 History

2.1 Famous uses 2.2 Facilities

3 In popular culture 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Location[edit] With a height of 250 ft (76 m) and a length of 400 ft (120 m), the hotel occupies the west side of Grand Army Plaza, from which it derives its name, and extends along Central Park
Central Park
South in Manhattan. Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
extends along the east side of Grand Army Plaza. The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
is recognized as a Historic Hotel
Hotel
of America by the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[3][4] The hotel's main entrance at 768 Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
faces the southern portion of Grand Army Plaza, which commemorates the Union Army in the Civil War, whence its eponymous predecessor derived its name.[5][citation needed] History[edit] Construction on the first Plaza Hotel
Hotel
at this location began in 1883, on the site of the New York Skating Club. The builders ran out of money, and the New York Life Insurance Company
New York Life Insurance Company
foreclosed and hired the most celebrated architects of the era, McKim, Mead & White, to complete the hotel, which finally opened on October 1, 1890.[6] It soon became apparent that the first hotel was far too small, and it was demolished in 1905. A new and larger Plaza Hotel, a French Renaissance château-style building designed by Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, was constructed in twenty-seven months at a cost of $12.5 million, opening to the public on October 1, 1907.[6] When the hotel opened, a room at the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
was only $2.50 per night, the equivalent of $65.66 in 2017. The same room cost over $1,000 per night in 2001.[7] The hotel proved so popular that a huge 300-room annex was added to the hotel along 58th Street from 1920-1921.[6] Conrad Hilton
Conrad Hilton
bought the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
for $7.4 million in October 1943 (equivalent to $105 million in 2017) and spent $6 million (equivalent to $84.9 million in 2017) refurbishing it. Hilton sold the hotel ten years later, in 1953, to Boston industrialist A.M. "Sonny" Sonnabend for $16 million, double the price he paid. Hilton sold the Plaza to raise funds for construction of the Beverly Hilton, but immediately leased the Plaza back for two and a half years, and then another four when that lease expired.[8] Sonnabend became president of The Childs Company, a national restaurant chain, two years later, and Childs purchased The Plaza on November 18, 1955 for $6.2 million in stock (equivalent to $57.8 million in 2017).[9] Childs had partnered in the development of the neighboring Savoy-Plaza Hotel,[10] (now the site of the General Motors Building). Sonnabend created the Hotel
Hotel
Corporation of America (HCA) in 1956,[11] to leverage tax losses from Childs.[12] HCA assumed management of the Plaza from Hilton in January 1960.[13] HCA changed its name to Sonesta International Hotels in 1970.[11] Sonesta sold the Plaza to Western International Hotels in 1975 for $25 million (equivalent to $114 million in 2017).[14] Western International changed its name to Westin Hotels
Westin Hotels
in 1980. Westin sold The Plaza to Donald Trump
Donald Trump
for $390 million on March 27, 1988[15] (equivalent to $807 million in 2017). Trump commented on his purchase in a full-page open letter in The New York Times: "I haven't purchased a building, I have purchased a masterpiece – the Mona Lisa. For the first time in my life, I have knowingly made a deal that was not economic – for I can never justify the price I paid, no matter how successful the Plaza becomes." Trump installed his wife, Ivana Trump
Ivana Trump
as the hotel's president.[16] After $50 million in renovations, the hotel was earning a healthy operating income, but not enough to make the payments on its heavy debt load.[17] Trump made plans to pay off the hotel's debt by selling off many of its units as condominiums.[18] A deal was instead reached for the Plaza's creditors, a group of banks led by Citibank, to take a 49 percent stake in the hotel in exchange for forgiveness of $250 million in debt and an interest rate reduction.[19] The agreement was submitted as a prepackaged bankruptcy in November 1992.[20] In 1995, CDL Hotels International and Saudi prince Al-Waleed bin Talal purchased a controlling stake in the Plaza in a deal that valued it at $325 million (equivalent to $522 million in 2017).[21] The hotel was sold in 2004 for $675 million (equivalent to $875 million in 2017) to Israeli-owned Manhattan-based developer, El Ad Properties.[22] El Ad bought the hotel with plans of adding residential and commercial sections. Since the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
is a New York landmark, Tishman Construction Corporation, the construction management company hired to complete the renovations and conversions, had to comply with landmark regulations.[23] El Ad temporarily closed the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
on April 30, 2005, for extensive renovations costing $450 million.[24] Beginning May 2005, the Plaza Hotel's contents were available to the public via a liquidation sale. The hotel reopened on March 1, 2008,[25] offering 282 hotel rooms and 152 private condominium units; it is managed by Fairmont Hotels and Resorts. Diamond retailer Lev Leviev put in the first bid for a Plaza apartment at $10 million. Most of the condominium units are usually empty, used as pieds-à-terre by their wealthy owners.[26] In November 2008 the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
unveiled its retail collection, an underground mall featuring luxury brands such as Vertu
Vertu
and Demel Bakery (closed as of March 2010), an Austrian-owned business. In 2010 the Plaza Food Hall opened in the underground mall, anchored by The Todd English Food Hall in collaboration with Chef Todd English.[27] On July 31, 2012, India's business group Sahara India Pariwar
Sahara India Pariwar
agreed to buy a 75 percent controlling stake for $570 million from El Ad Properties.[28] The stake includes 100 of the Plaza's 150 hotel-condominium units and a retail portion that includes The Oak Room bar.[29] In August 2014, Sahara's Subrata Roy
Subrata Roy
announced he was seeking a buyer for his company's majority stake in the Plaza, along with similar stakes in the Dream Hotel
Hotel
in New York and the Grosvenor House Hotel
Hotel
in London. A $4 billion price tag was placed on the Plaza stake. Speculation that Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
Hassanal Bolkiah
of Brunei
Brunei
would be the buyer was quashed by the sultan.[29] In 2016, Saudi businessman Al-Waleed bin Talal, who already controls a 50 percent stake in the building's hotel, restaurant and retail portion through his Kingdom Holdings, partnered with Qatari Investment Authority to purchase the hotel, but the deal fell through. He partnered again in 2017 with Ashkenazy Acquisition Corp in another attempt to purchase control of the structure.[30] The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
was accorded landmark status by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1969; it was designated a National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
(NHL) in 1986 for its lavish architecture.[2][31] Famous uses[edit] Long the site for famous performers and guests, it has also been the meeting place for important political meetings. The internationally known singers Josephine Baker, Eartha Kitt, Liza Minnelli, Marlene Dietrich, Lena Horne, Kay Thompson, Sandler and Young, Ethel Merman, Shirley Bassey, Andy Williams, The Mills Brothers, Patti Page
Patti Page
and Peggy Lee
Peggy Lee
played the Persian Room. Miles Davis
Miles Davis
recorded a live album in the Persian Room in 1958. Unaccompanied ladies were not permitted in the Oak Room bar; women favored the Palm Court for luncheons and tea. In September 1985, ministers of developed countries met at the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
to consult on finance issues and affirmed their agreement by signing the Plaza Accord. It served as an agreement among the finance ministers of the United States, Japan, West Germany, France and Britain to bring down the price of the U.S. dollar against their currencies. The Beatles
The Beatles
stayed at the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
during their first visit to the United States in February 1964.[7] On November 28, 1966, in honor of the publisher Katharine Graham, the writer Truman Capote
Truman Capote
hosted his acclaimed "Black and White Ball" in the Grand Ballroom. The ballroom was also the site, in 1993, of Donald Trump's wedding to Marla Maples
Marla Maples
in front of 1,500 guests.[32] Facilities[edit] See also: Oak Room (Plaza Hotel) The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
offers its guests and residences many services including a butler on every floor, baby-sitting and concierges, a shopping mall, the Palm Court under the restored stained glass ceiling, the Champagne Bar located in the hotel lobby with views of Grand Army Plaza, the Edwardian Room, the Terrace Room, the Rose Club, the Grand Ball Room, The Plaza Food Hall and The Todd English Food Hall Restaurant and Marketplace, as well as meeting rooms and conference rooms. The Grand Ballroom, Terrace Room and meeting spaces are currently managed by CPS Events, a joint venture between Delaware North Companies and the high end caterer Great Performances. The Oak Room, now closed, was another restaurant in the Plaza. In popular culture[edit] Literature

It was the setting for Kay Thompson's series of Eloise children's books published in the 1950s, about a young girl who lived at the hotel. The novel Anonymous Rex has the main character, Vincent Rubio, checking into the hotel at great expense after threatening the front desk clerk. F. Scott Fitzgerald's 1925 novel The Great Gatsby
The Great Gatsby
features the characters Nick Carraway and Jordan Baker having a conversation in the tea garden at the Plaza Hotel. Another scene in the novel features a confrontation between title character Jay Gatsby
Jay Gatsby
and Tom Buchanan in a suite at the Plaza Hotel. It was one of the main settings in the series The Princess Diaries
The Princess Diaries
by Meg Cabot; it was where Mia's grandmother (or grand-mère) stayed. It was a base camp used by the demigods in The Last Olympian
The Last Olympian
in Rick Riordan's Percy Jackson series (2009); the Pomona statue appears.

Films

Eloise (1956) starring Evelyn Rudie as Eloise, the child who lived "on the top floor", with cameo appearances by Conrad Hilton
Conrad Hilton
and Eloise author Kay Thompson. North by Northwest
North by Northwest
(1959) Barefoot in the Park (1967) Funny Girl (1968) Plaza Suite
Plaza Suite
(1971) The Way We Were
The Way We Were
(1973) Love at First Bite
Love at First Bite
(1979) Arthur (1981) They All Laughed
They All Laughed
(1981) The Cotton Club (1984) Brewster's Millions
Brewster's Millions
(1985) "Bride Wars" (2009) "Crocodile" Dundee
"Crocodile" Dundee
(1986) Big Business (1988) "Crocodile" Dundee
"Crocodile" Dundee
II (1988) King of New York
King of New York
(1990) Scent of a Woman (1991) In Home Alone 2: Lost in New York (1992), much of the film takes place in and around the hotel, and then-owner Donald Trump
Donald Trump
makes a cameo appearance, with a line directing Macaulay Culkin
Macaulay Culkin
towards the lobby ("Down the hall and to the left"). Flodders in America (1992) Sleepless in Seattle (1993) It Could Happen to You (1994) The Associate
The Associate
(1996) Almost Famous
Almost Famous
(2000) Hollywood Ending
Hollywood Ending
(2002), a Woody Allen
Woody Allen
film. Eloise at Christmastime
Eloise at Christmastime
(2003), a live action film adapted from the eponymous 1958 children's book written by Kay Thompson
Kay Thompson
and illustrated by Hilary Knight Eloise at the Plaza
Eloise at the Plaza
(2003), a live action film based on the Eloise series of children's books by Kay Thompson
Kay Thompson
and Hilary Knight The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
is seen in the intro of the film Disaster Zone: Volcano in New York (2006) A parody of the hotel appears in the Grand Theft Auto IV
Grand Theft Auto IV
video game (2008) In Bride Wars
Bride Wars
(2009) with Kate Hudson, Anne Hathaway's character was shot in the Grand Ballroom, the Terrace Room, and in corridors and the Palm Court. The film also shows the lobby and exterior. The Great Gatsby
The Great Gatsby
(2013), Nick Carraway, Jay Gatsby, Daisy and Tom Buchanan talk in a suite at the hotel American Hustle
American Hustle
(2013) The Post (2018)

Television

The American Dad!
American Dad!
episode "Fart-Break Hotel" featured the hotel as a main setting. In the Family Guy
Family Guy
episode "A Picture Is Worth a 1,000 Bucks", the Griffin family stays in this hotel. Friends Seinfeld The Sopranos:

The pilot and "Eloise" episodes refer to Carmela and Meadow Soprano's tradition of lunching under Eloise's portrait at the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
on Meadow's birthday. Several episodes, including "The Test Dream" (season 5, episode 11), feature scenes occurring in a suite at the Plaza Hotel.

The Suite Life of Zack & Cody Ugly Betty
Ugly Betty
character Wilhelmina Slater owns an apartment facing Central Park
Central Park
at the Plaza Hotel. What I Like About You

Gallery[edit]

Plaza Hotel

Plaza Hotel
Hotel
during the early-20th century

The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
and its International Modern style neighbors, as seen from across The Pond in Central Park

The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
turned 100 years old in 2007, celebrating with ceremonies and fireworks

See also[edit]

List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 59th to 110th Streets National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in Manhattan above 59th to 110th Streets

References[edit] Notes

^ National Park Service
National Park Service
(2006-03-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ a b "Plaza Hotel". National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
summary listing. National Park Service. September 18, 2007.  ^ "The Plaza". Historic Hotels of America. Retrieved November 15, 2015.  ^ [1] Archived March 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "History - The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
New York".  ^ a b c "Timeline - The Plaza".  ^ a b Morehouse, Ward. Inside the Plaza: an Intimate Portrait of the Ultimate Hotel. New York: Applause, 2001 ^ http://ishc.com/wp-content/uploads/AM_Sonnabend.pdf ^ "Childs Approves Plaza Purchase", The New York Times, November 18, 1955 ^ McKim, Mead, and White, architects; demolished in 1964. ^ a b "Timeline". April 13, 2016.  ^ http://ishc.com/wp-content/uploads/AM_Sonnabend.pdf ^ http://ishc.com/wp-content/uploads/AM_Sonnabend.pdf ^ "Western Hotels Co. Buying the Plaza For $25‐Million". November 13, 1974 – via www.nytimes.com.  ^ Cole, Robert J. (March 27, 1988). "Plaza Hotel
Hotel
Is Sold To Donald Trump For $390 Million" – via www.nytimes.com.  ^ Marion M. White (September 26, 1988). "Ivana Trump: Hard work, discipline and self-reliance". Tampa Bay Times – via NewsBank.  ^ Floyd Norris (June 5, 1990). "A haze of debt clouds the Plaza Hotel's gleam". New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2016.  ^ Richard D. Hylton (April 9, 1991). "Trump expected to sell rooms in Plaza Hotel". Los Angeles Daily News – via NewsBank.  ^ "Trump yields 49% of Plaza Hotel
Hotel
in N.Y." The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ. March 19, 1992 – via NewsBank.  ^ "Trump's Plaza Hotel
Hotel
bankruptcy plan approved". New York Times. December 12, 1992. Retrieved March 26, 2016.  ^ "Trump Is Selling Plaza Hotel
Hotel
To Saudi and Asian Investors", The New York Times, 1995 12 April ^ "Eloise Gets a New Landlord: Plaza Sells for $675 Million", The New York Times, 2004 14 Aug ^ Knudson, Brooke. "Restoring a New York icon: Tishman Construction Corporation puts its constructions management skills to the test on The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
renovation and conversion in New York City and came out a winner", Construction Today 2008 March: 43. ^ Danto, Ginger. "Suite Deal for the Plaza", Brandweek 2005 April 25: 30. ^ Baltic, Contributing Editor Scott. "New York's Plaza Hotel
Hotel
Reopens After $400M Renovation", Commercial Property News 2008 March 3: NA. ^ Elizabeth A. Harris (February 11, 2013). "Why Buy a Condo You Seldom Use? Because You Can". The New York Times. Retrieved January 7, 2015.  ^ Collins, Glenn (November 22, 2011). "Food Hall at Plaza Hotel
Hotel
Is Expanding". The New York Times.  ^ "Sahara checks into iconic New York hotel". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on August 3, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2014.  ^ a b Bagli, Charles V. (August 22, 2014). "Legal Woes of Owners Help Put the Plaza Back in Play". The New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2014.  ^ "Beleaguered Plaza Hotel
Hotel
purchase may soon be finalized".  ^ ""Plaza Hotel", undated, by Carolyn Pitts" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination. National Park Service. n.d.  ^ Mike Capuzzo (December 21, 1993). "Marla finally becomes Mrs. Trump". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 26, 2016. 

Bibliography

The WPA Guide to New York City, 1939 (reprinted 1982) (ISBN 0-394-71215-3) The Plaza Hotel, from the website of a former New York Post architecture critic The Plaza Says It'll Be History After April 30, a March 2005 New York Times article (registration required) The Plaza Lives!, an oral history of the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
that appeared in New York magazine in May 2005. Fairmont to manage New York City's Plaza Hotel, CBC News
CBC News
report

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Plaza Hotel.

Official website The Plaza: 768 Fifth Avenue, detailed building information, building ratings, pros and cons The Plaza Hotel, New York Architecture images Images, descriptions, and reviews of The Plaza

v t e

Venues of the Tony Awards ceremonies

Waldorf-Astoria Hotel
Hotel
(1947–53, 1957–59, 1961–62) Plaza Hotel
Hotel
(1954–56) Astor Hotel
Hotel
(1960, 1965) Hotel
Hotel
Americana (1963) New York Hilton
New York Hilton
(1964) Rockefeller Center Rainbow Room
Rainbow Room
(1966) Shubert Theatre (1967–68, 1974, 1976–79, 1985) Mark Hellinger Theatre
Mark Hellinger Theatre
(1969–70, 1980–81, 1987) Palace Theatre (1971) Broadway Theatre (1972) Imperial Theatre
Imperial Theatre
(1973, 1982) Winter Garden Theatre
Winter Garden Theatre
(1975) Gershwin Theatre
Gershwin Theatre
(1983–84, 1992–94, 1999) Minskoff Theatre
Minskoff Theatre
(1986, 1988, 1991, 1995) Lunt-Fontanne Theatre
Lunt-Fontanne Theatre
(1989–90) Majestic Theatre (1996) Radio City Music Hall
Radio City Music Hall
(1997–98, 2000–10, 2013–15, 2017) Beacon Theatre (2011–12, 2016)

v t e

Hotels in New York City

5-star/5 Diamond

The Dominick Four Seasons Hotel
Hotel
New York Four Seasons Hotel
Hotel
New York Downtown Mandarin Oriental New York Park Hyatt
Hyatt
New York The Peninsula New York The Pierre The Ritz-Carlton
The Ritz-Carlton
New York, Battery Park The Ritz-Carlton
The Ritz-Carlton
New York, Central Park The St. Regis New York Trump International Hotel
Hotel
and Tower

4-star/4 Diamond

Algonquin Hotel Andaz 5th Avenue Andaz Wall Street Archer New York Conrad New York Crosby Street Hotel Dream Hotel
Hotel
Downtown Eventi Gansevoort Meatpacking NYC Hotel Gramercy Park Hotel Hotel
Hotel
48LEX New York Hotel
Hotel
Plaza Athenee Hyatt
Hyatt
Union Square New York Ink48 InterContinental New York Times Square JW Marriott Essex House Langham Place, New York Parker New York Loews Regency Hotel Lotte New York Palace Hotel NoMo SoHo Omni Berkshire Place Refinery Hotel
Hotel
New York Renaissance New York Hotel
Hotel
Times Square Royalton Hotel Smyth - A Thompson Hotel Sofitel New York The Benjamin Hotel The Blakely New York Hotel The Bowery Hotel The Bryant Park Hotel The Carlton The Carlyle The Chatwal The Greenwich Hotel The James Hotel
Hotel
New York Soho The Kitano New York The London NYC The Lowell Hotel The Mark The Michelangelo The Muse Hotel The New York Edition The NoMad Hotel The Plaza The Quin The Surrey The Westin New York at Times Square Viceroy New York W New York-Downtown W New York - Times Square W New York - Union Square Waldorf Astoria New York

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