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Coordinates : 40°45′53″N 73°58′28″W / 40.764712°N 73.974574°W / 40.764712; -73.974574

Plaza Hotel
Hotel

U.S. National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places

U.S. National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark

NYC Landmark

The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
as seen from the corner of 5th Avenue and 58th Street in Manhattan
Manhattan

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Manhattan
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LOCATION 768 Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
, Manhattan
Manhattan
, New York City
New York City
10019

BUILT 1907

ARCHITECT Henry J. Hardenbergh ; Thomas Hastings, et al.

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals

NRHP REFERENCE # 78001878

SIGNIFICANT DATES

ADDED TO NRHP November 29, 1978

DESIGNATED NHL June 24, 1986

DESIGNATED NYCL December 9, 1969

THE PLAZA HOTEL, located in the Midtown Manhattan
Manhattan
neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan
Manhattan
, New York City
New York City
, is a landmark 20-story luxury hotel and condominium apartment building, opened in 1907 and owned by an Indian conglomerate, Sahara India Pariwar .

CONTENTS

* 1 Location

* 2 History

* 2.1 Famous uses * 2.2 Facilities

* 3 In popular culture * 4 Gallery * 5 References * 6 External links

LOCATION

With a height of 250 ft (76 m ) and a length of 400 ft (120 m), the hotel occupies the west side of Grand Army Plaza , from which it derives its name, and extends along Central Park South
Central Park South
in Manhattan. Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
extends along the east side of Grand Army Plaza. The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
is recognized as a Historic Hotel
Hotel
of America by the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The hotel's main entrance at 768 Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
faces the southern portion of Grand Army Plaza , which commemorates the Union Army in the Civil War , whence its eponymous predecessor derived its name.

HISTORY

Construction on the first Plaza Hotel
Hotel
at this location began in 1883, on the site of the New York Skating Club. The builders ran out of money, and the New York Life Insurance Company
New York Life Insurance Company
foreclosed and hired the most celebrated architects of the era, McKim, Mead it is managed by Fairmont Hotels and Resorts
Fairmont Hotels and Resorts
. Diamond retailer Lev Leviev put in the first bid for a Plaza apartment at $10 million. Most of the condominium units are usually empty, used as pieds-à-terre by their wealthy owners.

In November 2008 the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
unveiled its retail collection, an underground mall featuring luxury brands such as Vertu
Vertu
and Demel Bakery (closed as of March 2010), an Austrian-owned business. In 2010 the Plaza Food Hall opened in the underground mall, anchored by The Todd English Food Hall in collaboration with Chef Todd English .

On July 31, 2012, India's business group Sahara India Pariwar agreed to buy a 75 percent controlling stake for $570 million from El Ad Properties. The stake includes 100 of the Plaza's 150 hotel-condominium units and a retail portion that includes The Oak Room bar.

In August 2014, Sahara's Subrata Roy announced he was seeking a buyer for his company's majority stake in the Plaza, along with similar stakes in the Dream Hotel
Hotel
in New York and the Grosvenor House Hotel
Hotel
in London. A $4 billion price tag was placed on the Plaza stake. Speculation that Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
Hassanal Bolkiah
of Brunei
Brunei
would be the buyer was quashed by the sultan.

In 2016, Saudi businessman Al-Waleed bin Talal , who already controls a 50 percent stake in the building's hotel, restaurant and retail portion through his Kingdom Holdings, partnered with Qatari Investment Authority to purchase the hotel, but the deal fell through. He partnered again in 2017 with Ashkenazy Acquisition Corp in another attempt to purchase control of the structure.

The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
was accorded landmark status by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1969; it was designated a National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
(NHL) in 1986.

FAMOUS USES

Long the site for famous performers and guests, it has also been the meeting place for important political meetings. The nationally known singers Josephine Baker , Eartha Kitt , Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
, Marlene Dietrich , Lena Horne , Kay Thompson , Sandler and Young , Ethel Merman , Shirley Bassey , Andy Williams , The Mills Brothers , Patti Page and Peggy Lee played the Persian Room. Miles Davis
Miles Davis
recorded a live album in the Persian Room in 1958.

Unaccompanied ladies were not permitted in the Oak Room bar; women favored the Palm Court for luncheons and tea.

In September 1985, ministers of developed countries met at the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
to consult on finance issues and affirmed their agreement by signing the Plaza Accord . It served as an agreement among the finance ministers of the United States, Japan, West Germany, France and Britain to bring down the price of the U.S. dollar against their currencies.

The Beatles
The Beatles
stayed at the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
during their first visit to the United States in February 1964.

On November 28, 1966, in honor of the publisher Katharine Graham
Katharine Graham
, the writer Truman Capote
Truman Capote
hosted his acclaimed " Black and White Ball " in the Grand Ballroom . The ballroom was also the site, in 1993, of Donald Trump 's wedding to Marla Maples
Marla Maples
in front of 1,500 guests.

FACILITIES

See also: Oak Room (Plaza Hotel)

The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
offers its guests and residences many services including a butler on every floor, baby-sitting and concierges, a shopping mall, the Palm Court under the restored stained glass ceiling, the Champagne Bar located in the hotel lobby with views of Grand Army Plaza, the Edwardian Room, the Terrace Room, the Rose Club, the Grand Ball Room, The Plaza Food Hall and The Todd English Food Hall Restaurant and Marketplace, as well as meeting rooms and conference rooms. The Grand Ballroom, Terrace Room and meeting spaces are currently managed by CPS Events, a joint venture between Delaware North Companies and the high end caterer Great Performances. The Oak Room , now closed, was another restaurant in the Plaza.

IN POPULAR CULTURE

LITERATURE

* It was the setting for Kay Thompson 's series of Eloise children's books published in the 1950s, about a young girl who lived at the hotel. * The novel Anonymous Rex has the main character, Vincent Rubio, checking into the hotel at great expense after threatening the front desk clerk. * F. Scott Fitzgerald 's 1925 novel The Great Gatsby features the characters Nick Carraway and Jordan Baker having a conversation in the tea garden at the Plaza Hotel. Another scene in the novel features a confrontation between title character Jay Gatsby and Tom Buchanan in a suite at the Plaza Hotel. * It was one of the main settings in the series The Princess Diaries by Meg Cabot ; it was where Mia's grandmother (or grand-mère) stayed. * It was a base camp used by the demigods in The Last Olympian in Rick Riordan 's Percy Jackson series (2009); the Pomona statue appears.

FILMS

* Eloise (1956) starring Evelyn Rudie as Eloise, the child who lived "on the top floor", with cameo appearances by Conrad Hilton and Eloise author Kay Thompson . * North by Northwest
North by Northwest
(1959) * Barefoot in the Park (1967) * Funny Girl (1968) * Plaza Suite (1971) * The Way We Were
The Way We Were
(1973) * Love at First Bite (1979) * Arthur (1981) * They All Laughed (1981) * The Cotton Club (1984) * Brewster\'s Millions (1985) * " Bride Wars
Bride Wars
" (2009) * "Crocodile" Dundee (1986) * Big Business (1988) * "Crocodile" Dundee II (1988) * King of New York (1990) * Scent of a Woman (1991) * In Home Alone 2: Lost in New York (1992), much of the film takes place in and around the hotel, and then-owner Donald Trump , who is now President of the United States
President of the United States
makes a short appearance, with a line directing Macaulay Culkin towards the lobby. * Flodders in America (1992) * Sleepless in Seattle (1993) * It Could Happen to You (1994) * The Associate (1996) * Almost Famous (2000) * Hollywood Ending (2002), a Woody Allen
Woody Allen
film. * Eloise at Christmastime
Eloise at Christmastime
(2003), a live action film adapted from the eponymous 1958 children's book written by Kay Thompson and illustrated by Hilary Knight * Eloise at the Plaza (2003), a live action film based on the Eloise series of children's books by Kay Thompson and Hilary Knight * The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
is seen in the intro of the film Disaster Zone: Volcano in New York (2006) * A parody of the hotel appears in the Grand Theft Auto IV video game (2008) * In Bride Wars
Bride Wars
(2009) with Kate Hudson , Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
's character was shot in the Grand Ballroom, the Terrace Room, and in corridors and the Palm Court. The film also shows the lobby and exterior. * The Great Gatsby (2013), Nick Carraway, Jay Gatsby, Daisy and Tom Buchanan talk in a suite at the hotel * American Hustle (2013)

TELEVISION

* The American Dad! episode "Fart-Break Hotel
Hotel
" featured the hotel as a main setting. * In the Family Guy episode " A Picture Is Worth a 1,000 Bucks ", the Griffin family stays in this hotel. * Friends
Friends
* Seinfeld
Seinfeld

* The Sopranos
The Sopranos
:

* The pilot and "Eloise " episodes refer to Carmela and Meadow Soprano 's tradition of lunching under Eloise 's portrait at the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
on Meadow's birthday. * Several episodes, including " The Test Dream " (season 5, episode 11), feature scenes occurring in a suite at the Plaza Hotel.

* The Suite Life of Zack ">

Plaza Hotel, c. 1920 *

The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
and its International Modern style neighbors, as seen from across The Pond in Central Park
Central Park
*

The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
turned 100 years old in 2007, celebrating with ceremonies and fireworks

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ National Park Service
National Park Service
(2006-03-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. * ^ A B "Plaza Hotel". National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
summary listing. National Park Service. September 18, 2007. * ^ "The Plaza". Historic Hotels of America. Retrieved 2015-11-15. * ^ Archived March 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ History page on the Plaza\'s website * ^ http://www.theplazany.com/history/timeline/ * ^ http://www.theplazany.com/history/timeline/ * ^ A B Morehouse, Ward. Inside the Plaza: an Intimate Portrait of the Ultimate Hotel. New York: Applause, 2001 * ^ http://www.theplazany.com/history/timeline/ * ^ "Childs Approves Plaza Purchase", The New York Times, November 18, 1955 * ^ McKim, Mead, and White
McKim, Mead, and White
, architects; demolished in 1964. * ^ https://www.sonesta.com/who-we-are/company-heritage/timeline * ^ https://www.sonesta.com/who-we-are/company-heritage/timeline * ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1974/11/13/archives/western-hotels-co-buying-the-plaza-for-25million.html * ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1988/03/27/nyregion/plaza-hotel-is-sold-to-donald-trump-for-390-million.html * ^ Marion M. White (September 26, 1988). "Ivana Trump: Hard work, discipline and self-reliance". Tampa Bay Times – via NewsBank. * ^ Floyd Norris (June 5, 1990). "A haze of debt clouds the Plaza Hotel\'s gleam". New York Times. Retrieved 2016-03-26. * ^ Richard D. Hylton (April 9, 1991). "Trump expected to sell rooms in Plaza Hotel". Los Angeles Daily News – via NewsBank. * ^ "Trump yields 49% of Plaza Hotel
Hotel
in N.Y.". The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ. March 19, 1992 – via NewsBank. * ^ "Trump\'s Plaza Hotel
Hotel
bankruptcy plan approved". New York Times. December 12, 1992. Retrieved 2016-03-26. * ^ "Trump Is Selling Plaza Hotel
Hotel
To Saudi and Asian Investors", The New York Times, 1995 12 April * ^ "Eloise Gets a New Landlord: Plaza Sells for $675 Million", The New York Times, 2004 14 Aug * ^ Knudson, Brooke. "Restoring a New York icon: Tishman Construction Corporation puts its constructions management skills to the test on The Plaza Hotel
Hotel
renovation and conversion in New York City and came out a winner", Construction Today 2008 March: 43. * ^ Danto, Ginger. "Suite Deal for the Plaza", Brandweek 2005 April 25: 30. * ^ Baltic, Contributing Editor Scott. "New York's Plaza Hotel Reopens After $400M Renovation", Commercial Property News 2008 March 3: NA. * ^ Elizabeth A. Harris (February 11, 2013). "Why Buy a Condo You Seldom Use? Because You Can". New York Times. Retrieved January 7, 2015. * ^ Plaza Food Hall Is Growing * ^ "Sahara checks into iconic New York hotel". Hindustan Times. Retrieved July 28, 2014. * ^ A B Bagli, Charles V. (August 22, 2014). "Legal Woes of Owners Help Put the Plaza Back in Play". The New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2014. * ^ https://ny.curbed.com/2017/5/25/15690120/plaza-hotel-saudi-prince-sale * ^ ""Plaza Hotel", undated, by Carolyn Pitts" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination. National Park Service. n.d. * ^ Mike Capuzzo (December 21, 1993). "Marla finally becomes Mrs. Trump". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2016-03-26.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* The WPA Guide to New York City, 1939 (reprinted 1982) (ISBN 0-394-71215-3 ) * The Plaza Hotel, from the website of a former New York Post architecture critic * The Plaza Says It\'ll Be History After April 30, a March 2005 New York Times article (registration required) * The Plaza Lives!, an oral history of the Plaza Hotel
Hotel
that appeared in New York magazine in May 2005. * Fairmont to manage New York City\'s Plaza Hotel, CBC News
CBC News
report

EXTERNAL LINKS

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