Coordinates: 40°45′53″N 73°58′28″W / 40.764712°N
73.974574°W / 40.764712; -73.974574
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark
Hotel as seen from the corner of 5th Avenue and 58th Street
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768 Fifth Avenue,
Manhattan, New York City
Manhattan, New York City 10019
Henry J. Hardenbergh; Thomas Hastings, et al.
Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals
NRHP reference #
Added to NRHP
November 29, 1978
June 24, 1986 
December 9, 1969
The Plaza Hotel, located in the
Midtown Manhattan neighborhood of the
borough of Manhattan, New York City, is a landmark 20-story luxury
hotel and condominium apartment building, opened in 1907 and now owned
by an Indian conglomerate, Sahara India Pariwar.
2.1 Famous uses
3 In popular culture
5 See also
7 External links
With a height of 250 ft (76 m) and a length of 400 ft
(120 m), the hotel occupies the west side of Grand Army Plaza,
from which it derives its name, and extends along
Central Park South
Fifth Avenue extends along the east side of Grand Army
Plaza. The Plaza
Hotel is recognized as a Historic
Hotel of America by
the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The hotel's main
entrance at 768
Fifth Avenue faces the southern portion of Grand Army
Plaza, which commemorates the Union Army in the Civil War, whence its
eponymous predecessor derived its name.
Construction on the first Plaza
Hotel at this location began in 1883,
on the site of the New York Skating Club. The builders ran out of
money, and the
New York Life Insurance Company
New York Life Insurance Company foreclosed and hired
the most celebrated architects of the era, McKim, Mead & White, to
complete the hotel, which finally opened on October 1, 1890.
It soon became apparent that the first hotel was far too small, and it
was demolished in 1905. A new and larger Plaza Hotel, a French
Renaissance château-style building designed by Henry Janeway
Hardenbergh, was constructed in twenty-seven months at a cost of $12.5
million, opening to the public on October 1, 1907. When the hotel
opened, a room at the Plaza
Hotel was only $2.50 per night, the
equivalent of $65.66 in 2017. The same room cost over $1,000 per night
in 2001. The hotel proved so popular that a huge 300-room annex was
added to the hotel along 58th Street from 1920-1921.
Conrad Hilton bought the Plaza
Hotel for $7.4 million in October 1943
(equivalent to $105 million in 2017) and spent $6 million
(equivalent to $84.9 million in 2017) refurbishing it. Hilton
sold the hotel ten years later, in 1953, to Boston industrialist A.M.
"Sonny" Sonnabend for $16 million, double the price he paid. Hilton
sold the Plaza to raise funds for construction of the Beverly Hilton,
but immediately leased the Plaza back for two and a half years, and
then another four when that lease expired. Sonnabend became
president of The Childs Company, a national restaurant chain, two
years later, and Childs purchased The Plaza on November 18, 1955 for
$6.2 million in stock (equivalent to $57.8 million in 2017).
Childs had partnered in the development of the neighboring Savoy-Plaza
Hotel, (now the site of the General Motors Building). Sonnabend
Hotel Corporation of America (HCA) in 1956, to
leverage tax losses from Childs. HCA assumed management of the
Plaza from Hilton in January 1960. HCA changed its name to Sonesta
International Hotels in 1970. Sonesta sold the Plaza to Western
International Hotels in 1975 for $25 million (equivalent to
$114 million in 2017). Western International changed its name
Westin Hotels in 1980.
Westin sold The Plaza to
Donald Trump for $390 million on March 27,
1988 (equivalent to $807 million in 2017). Trump commented on
his purchase in a full-page open letter in The New York Times: "I
haven't purchased a building, I have purchased a masterpiece – the
Mona Lisa. For the first time in my life, I have knowingly made a deal
that was not economic – for I can never justify the price I paid, no
matter how successful the Plaza becomes." Trump installed his wife,
Ivana Trump as the hotel's president. After $50 million in
renovations, the hotel was earning a healthy operating income, but not
enough to make the payments on its heavy debt load. Trump made
plans to pay off the hotel's debt by selling off many of its units as
condominiums. A deal was instead reached for the Plaza's
creditors, a group of banks led by Citibank, to take a 49 percent
stake in the hotel in exchange for forgiveness of $250 million in debt
and an interest rate reduction. The agreement was submitted as a
prepackaged bankruptcy in November 1992.
In 1995, CDL Hotels International and Saudi prince Al-Waleed bin Talal
purchased a controlling stake in the Plaza in a deal that valued it at
$325 million (equivalent to $522 million in 2017).
The hotel was sold in 2004 for $675 million (equivalent to
$875 million in 2017) to Israeli-owned Manhattan-based developer,
El Ad Properties. El Ad bought the hotel with plans of adding
residential and commercial sections. Since the Plaza
Hotel is a New
York landmark, Tishman Construction Corporation, the construction
management company hired to complete the renovations and conversions,
had to comply with landmark regulations. El Ad temporarily closed
Hotel on April 30, 2005, for extensive renovations costing
$450 million. Beginning May 2005, the Plaza Hotel's contents were
available to the public via a liquidation sale.
The hotel reopened on March 1, 2008, offering 282 hotel rooms and
152 private condominium units; it is managed by Fairmont Hotels and
Resorts. Diamond retailer Lev Leviev put in the first bid for a Plaza
apartment at $10 million. Most of the condominium units are usually
empty, used as pieds-à-terre by their wealthy owners.
In November 2008 the Plaza
Hotel unveiled its retail collection, an
underground mall featuring luxury brands such as
Vertu and Demel
Bakery (closed as of March 2010), an Austrian-owned business. In 2010
the Plaza Food Hall opened in the underground mall, anchored by The
Todd English Food Hall in collaboration with Chef Todd English.
On July 31, 2012, India's business group
Sahara India Pariwar
Sahara India Pariwar agreed
to buy a 75 percent controlling stake for $570 million from El Ad
Properties. The stake includes 100 of the Plaza's 150
hotel-condominium units and a retail portion that includes The Oak
In August 2014, Sahara's
Subrata Roy announced he was seeking a buyer
for his company's majority stake in the Plaza, along with similar
stakes in the Dream
Hotel in New York and the Grosvenor House
London. A $4 billion price tag was placed on the Plaza stake.
Speculation that Sultan
Hassanal Bolkiah of
Brunei would be the buyer
was quashed by the sultan.
In 2016, Saudi businessman Al-Waleed bin Talal, who already controls a
50 percent stake in the building's hotel, restaurant and retail
portion through his Kingdom Holdings, partnered with Qatari Investment
Authority to purchase the hotel, but the deal fell through. He
partnered again in 2017 with Ashkenazy Acquisition Corp in another
attempt to purchase control of the structure.
Hotel was accorded landmark status by the New York City
Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1969; it was designated a
National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark (NHL) in 1986 for its lavish
Long the site for famous performers and guests, it has also been the
meeting place for important political meetings. The internationally
known singers Josephine Baker, Eartha Kitt, Liza Minnelli, Marlene
Dietrich, Lena Horne, Kay Thompson, Sandler and Young, Ethel Merman,
Shirley Bassey, Andy Williams, The Mills Brothers,
Patti Page and
Peggy Lee played the Persian Room.
Miles Davis recorded a live album
in the Persian Room in 1958.
Unaccompanied ladies were not permitted in the Oak Room bar; women
favored the Palm Court for luncheons and tea.
In September 1985, ministers of developed countries met at the Plaza
Hotel to consult on finance issues and affirmed their agreement by
signing the Plaza Accord. It served as an agreement among the finance
ministers of the United States, Japan, West Germany, France and
Britain to bring down the price of the U.S. dollar against their
The Beatles stayed at the Plaza
Hotel during their first visit to the
United States in February 1964.
On November 28, 1966, in honor of the publisher Katharine Graham, the
Truman Capote hosted his acclaimed "Black and White Ball" in
the Grand Ballroom. The ballroom was also the site, in 1993, of Donald
Trump's wedding to
Marla Maples in front of 1,500 guests.
See also: Oak Room (Plaza Hotel)
Hotel offers its guests and residences many services
including a butler on every floor, baby-sitting and concierges, a
shopping mall, the Palm Court under the restored stained glass
ceiling, the Champagne Bar located in the hotel lobby with views of
Grand Army Plaza, the Edwardian Room, the Terrace Room, the Rose Club,
the Grand Ball Room, The Plaza Food Hall and The
Todd English Food
Hall Restaurant and Marketplace, as well as meeting rooms and
conference rooms. The Grand Ballroom, Terrace Room and meeting spaces
are currently managed by CPS Events, a joint venture between Delaware
North Companies and the high end caterer Great Performances. The Oak
Room, now closed, was another restaurant in the Plaza.
In popular culture
It was the setting for Kay Thompson's series of Eloise children's
books published in the 1950s, about a young girl who lived at the
The novel Anonymous Rex has the main character, Vincent Rubio,
checking into the hotel at great expense after threatening the front
F. Scott Fitzgerald's 1925 novel
The Great Gatsby
The Great Gatsby features the
characters Nick Carraway and Jordan Baker having a conversation in the
tea garden at the Plaza Hotel. Another scene in the novel features a
confrontation between title character
Jay Gatsby and Tom Buchanan in a
suite at the Plaza Hotel.
It was one of the main settings in the series
The Princess Diaries
The Princess Diaries by
Meg Cabot; it was where Mia's grandmother (or grand-mère) stayed.
It was a base camp used by the demigods in
The Last Olympian
The Last Olympian in Rick
Riordan's Percy Jackson series (2009); the Pomona statue appears.
Eloise (1956) starring
Evelyn Rudie as Eloise, the child who lived "on
the top floor", with cameo appearances by
Conrad Hilton and Eloise
author Kay Thompson.
North by Northwest
North by Northwest (1959)
Barefoot in the Park (1967)
Funny Girl (1968)
Plaza Suite (1971)
The Way We Were
The Way We Were (1973)
Love at First Bite
Love at First Bite (1979)
They All Laughed
They All Laughed (1981)
The Cotton Club (1984)
Brewster's Millions (1985)
"Bride Wars" (2009)
"Crocodile" Dundee (1986)
Big Business (1988)
"Crocodile" Dundee II (1988)
King of New York
King of New York (1990)
Scent of a Woman (1991)
In Home Alone 2: Lost in New York (1992), much of the film takes place
in and around the hotel, and then-owner
Donald Trump makes a cameo
appearance, with a line directing
Macaulay Culkin towards the lobby
("Down the hall and to the left").
Flodders in America (1992)
Sleepless in Seattle (1993)
It Could Happen to You (1994)
The Associate (1996)
Almost Famous (2000)
Hollywood Ending (2002), a
Woody Allen film.
Eloise at Christmastime
Eloise at Christmastime (2003), a live action film adapted from the
eponymous 1958 children's book written by
Kay Thompson and illustrated
by Hilary Knight
Eloise at the Plaza
Eloise at the Plaza (2003), a live action film based on the Eloise
series of children's books by
Kay Thompson and Hilary Knight
Hotel is seen in the intro of the film Disaster Zone:
Volcano in New York (2006)
A parody of the hotel appears in the
Grand Theft Auto IV
Grand Theft Auto IV video game
Bride Wars (2009) with Kate Hudson, Anne Hathaway's character was
shot in the Grand Ballroom, the Terrace Room, and in corridors and the
Palm Court. The film also shows the lobby and exterior.
The Great Gatsby
The Great Gatsby (2013), Nick Carraway, Jay Gatsby, Daisy and Tom
Buchanan talk in a suite at the hotel
American Hustle (2013)
The Post (2018)
American Dad! episode "Fart-Break Hotel" featured the hotel as a
Family Guy episode "A Picture Is Worth a 1,000 Bucks", the
Griffin family stays in this hotel.
The pilot and "Eloise" episodes refer to Carmela and Meadow Soprano's
tradition of lunching under Eloise's portrait at the Plaza
Several episodes, including "The Test Dream" (season 5, episode 11),
feature scenes occurring in a suite at the Plaza Hotel.
The Suite Life of Zack & Cody
Ugly Betty character Wilhelmina Slater owns an apartment facing
Central Park at the Plaza Hotel.
What I Like About You
Hotel during the early-20th century
Hotel and its International Modern style neighbors, as seen
from across The Pond in Central Park
Hotel turned 100 years old in 2007, celebrating with
ceremonies and fireworks
List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 59th to
National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan above 59th
to 110th Streets
National Park Service
National Park Service (2006-03-15). "National Register Information
System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park
^ a b "Plaza Hotel".
National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark summary listing.
National Park Service. September 18, 2007.
^ "The Plaza". Historic Hotels of America. Retrieved November 15,
^  Archived March 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "History - The Plaza
Hotel New York".
^ a b c "Timeline - The Plaza".
^ a b Morehouse, Ward. Inside the Plaza: an Intimate Portrait of the
Ultimate Hotel. New York: Applause, 2001
^ "Childs Approves Plaza Purchase", The New York Times, November 18,
^ McKim, Mead, and White, architects; demolished in 1964.
^ a b "Timeline". April 13, 2016.
^ "Western Hotels Co. Buying the Plaza For $25‐Million". November
13, 1974 – via www.nytimes.com.
^ Cole, Robert J. (March 27, 1988). "Plaza
Hotel Is Sold To Donald
Trump For $390 Million" – via www.nytimes.com.
^ Marion M. White (September 26, 1988). "Ivana Trump: Hard work,
discipline and self-reliance". Tampa Bay Times – via NewsBank.
^ Floyd Norris (June 5, 1990). "A haze of debt clouds the Plaza
Hotel's gleam". New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
^ Richard D. Hylton (April 9, 1991). "Trump expected to sell rooms in
Plaza Hotel". Los Angeles Daily News – via NewsBank.
^ "Trump yields 49% of Plaza
Hotel in N.Y." The Star-Ledger. Newark,
NJ. March 19, 1992 – via NewsBank.
^ "Trump's Plaza
Hotel bankruptcy plan approved". New York Times.
December 12, 1992. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
^ "Trump Is Selling Plaza
Hotel To Saudi and Asian Investors", The New
York Times, 1995 12 April
^ "Eloise Gets a New Landlord: Plaza Sells for $675 Million", The New
York Times, 2004 14 Aug
^ Knudson, Brooke. "Restoring a New York icon: Tishman Construction
Corporation puts its constructions management skills to the test on
Hotel renovation and conversion in New York City and came
out a winner", Construction Today 2008 March: 43.
^ Danto, Ginger. "Suite Deal for the Plaza", Brandweek 2005 April 25:
^ Baltic, Contributing Editor Scott. "New York's Plaza
After $400M Renovation", Commercial Property News 2008 March 3: NA.
^ Elizabeth A. Harris (February 11, 2013). "Why Buy a Condo You Seldom
Use? Because You Can". The New York Times. Retrieved January 7,
^ Collins, Glenn (November 22, 2011). "Food Hall at Plaza
Expanding". The New York Times.
^ "Sahara checks into iconic New York hotel". Hindustan Times.
Archived from the original on August 3, 2012. Retrieved July 28,
^ a b Bagli, Charles V. (August 22, 2014). "Legal Woes of Owners Help
Put the Plaza Back in Play". The New York Times. Retrieved August 23,
^ "Beleaguered Plaza
Hotel purchase may soon be finalized".
^ ""Plaza Hotel", undated, by Carolyn Pitts" (PDF). National Register
of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination. National Park Service.
^ Mike Capuzzo (December 21, 1993). "Marla finally becomes Mrs.
Trump". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
The WPA Guide to New York City, 1939 (reprinted 1982)
The Plaza Hotel, from the website of a former New York Post
The Plaza Says It'll Be History After April 30, a March 2005 New York
Times article (registration required)
The Plaza Lives!, an oral history of the Plaza
Hotel that appeared in
New York magazine in May 2005.
Fairmont to manage New York City's Plaza Hotel,
CBC News report
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Plaza Hotel.
The Plaza: 768 Fifth Avenue, detailed building information, building
ratings, pros and cons
The Plaza Hotel, New York Architecture images
Images, descriptions, and reviews of The Plaza
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