Planning permission or developmental approval refers to the approval
needed for construction or expansion (including significant
renovation) in some jurisdictions. It is usually given in the
form of a building permit (or construction permit). Generally, the new
construction must be inspected during construction and after
completion to ensure compliance with national, regional, and local
Planning is also dependent on the site's zone – for
example, one cannot obtain permission to build a nightclub in an area
where it is inappropriate such as a high-density suburb. Failure
to obtain a permit can result in fines, penalties, and demolition of
unauthorized construction if it cannot be made to meet code. House
building permits, for example, are subject to local housing statutes.
The criteria for planning permission are a part of urban planning and
construction law, and are usually managed by town planners employed by
local governments. Since building permits usually precede
outlays for construction, employment, financing and furnishings, they
are often used as a leading indicator for developments in other areas
of the economy.
In specific industries
As part of broadcast law, the term is also used in broadcasting, where
individual radio and television stations typically must apply for and
receive permission to construct radio towers and radio antennas. This
type of permit is issued by a national broadcasting authority, but
does not imply zoning any other permission that must be given by local
government. The permit itself also does not necessarily imply
permission to operate the station once constructed. In the U.S., a
construction permit is valid for three years. Afterwards, the station
must receive a full license to operate, which is good for seven
years. This is provided by a separate broadcast license, also
called a "license to cover" by the Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) in the United States. Further permission or registration for
towers may be needed from aviation authorities.
In the U.S., construction permits for commercial stations are now
assigned by auction, rather than the former process of determining who
would serve the community of license best. If the given frequency
allocation is sought by at least one non-commercial educational (NCE)
applicant, or is on an NCE-reserved TV channel or in the FM reserved
band, the comparative process still takes place, though the FCC
refuses to consider which radio format the applicants propose.
In Canada, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications
Commission maintains a comparative process in issuing permits,
ensuring that a variety of programming is available in each area, and
that as many groups as possible have access to free speech over radio
^ Harwood, Richard.
Planning Permission. International Specialized
Book Services. ISBN 9781780434919. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
Planning permission - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. UK Government. Retrieved
18 February 2017.
^ "How Do I Get
Planning Permission in NSW? - The Design Partnership".
thedesignpartnership.com.au. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
Planning permissions and liquor licences". www.vcglr.vic.gov.au.
Retrieved 18 February 2017.
^ Portal, Planning. "Do you need permission?
www.planningportal.co.uk. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
^ Planning, Department of Environment, Land, Water and. "Planning
applications". www.dtpli.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
^ Construction Permits Radio-Locator.com
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