PLANNING (also called FORETHOUGHT) is the process of thinking about and organizing the activities required to achieve a desired goal. It involves the creation and maintenance of a plan , such as psychological aspects that require conceptual skills. There are even a couple of tests to measure someone’s capability of planning well. As such, planning is a fundamental property of intelligent behavior.
Also, planning has a specific process and is necessary for multiple
occupations (particularly in fields such as management , business ,
etc.). In each field there are different types of plans that help
companies achieve efficiency and effectiveness. An important, albeit
often ignored aspect of planning, is the relationship it holds to
Forecasting can be described as predicting what the
future will look like, whereas planning predicts what the future
should look like for multiple scenarios.
The Striatum ; part of the basal ganglia ; neural pathways between the striatum and the frontal lobe have been implicated in planning function.
A specific area within the mid-dorsolateral frontal cortex located in the frontal lobe has been implicated as playing an intrinsic role in both cognitive planning and associated executive traits such as working memory .
Disruption of the neural pathways , via various mechanisms such as traumatic brain injury , or the effects of neurodegenerative diseases between this area of the frontal cortex and the basal ganglia specifically the striatum (cortico-striatal pathway), may disrupt the processes required for normal planning function.
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