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PLAMIL FOODS LTD is a British manufacturer of vegan food products. Founded in 1965, the company sells soy milk , horchata , egg-free mayonnaise, chocolate and carob bars.

The company began life in 1956 as the Plantmilk Society, which was set up by Leslie Cross, vice-president of the British Vegan Society , to explore how to produce a commercial soy milk as an alternative to dairy for vegans and others. Plamil became the first company in the UK, and one of the first in the Western world, to make soy milk widely available.

CONTENTS

* 1 Plant milk
Plant milk

* 2 History

* 2.1 Plantmilk Society * 2.2 Plantmilk Ltd

* 3 Products * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading

PLANT MILK

Soy protein is a complete protein , containing all the essential amino acids .

Plant milks have been produced for hundreds of years, particularly in China. According to the Soyinfo Center, almond milk ("Almaund mylke") was first mentioned in English in The Forme of Cury
Forme of Cury
(c. 1390). There are early Western mentions of milk from the soy bean in June 1896 in the American Journal of Pharmacy and July 1897 in the United States Department of Agriculture's Farmer's Bulletin.

The first soy milk and soy-based infant formula in the West was developed in 1909 by John Ruhräh, an American pediatrician. Bottled soy milk was available commercially in China from the 1920s, and in 1931 Seventh-day Adventists in Madison, Tennessee, began production of soy milk fortified with calcium. In 1940 Vitasoy
Vitasoy
in Hong Kong began selling soy milk door to door. According to the Soyinfo Center, in the US the dairy industry put pressure on producers to call it something other than milk; one company used the term Soya Lac instead.

HISTORY

PLANTMILK SOCIETY

Plamil Foods
Plamil Foods
began life as the Plantmilk Society, which was founded in June 1956 by Leslie Cross (1914 – 2 December 1979), vice-president of the Vegan Society. The Vegan Society emerged in 1944 as a result of a split within the British Vegetarian Society
Vegetarian Society
over whether vegetarians should consume dairy products and eggs. Cross, who became a vegan in 1942, wrote regularly about the issue to the society's magazine, the Vegetarian Messenger, arguing that dairy-milk production was cruel and exploitative.

One of the early concerns of the Vegan Society was how to produce a commercial plant milk. In the spring of 1956, Cross placed an article in The Vegan proposing the creation of the Veganmilk Association. The aim would be to "produce and make available to the general public in Great Britain a milk, the ingredients of which would be of plant origin; which would satisfy nutritional requirements; and which would be palatable, attractive, and simple to use for the purposes for which dairy milk is now used."

Members decided to call it the Plantmilk Society. The London Evening News carried a story about the new society, under the headline "Now your milk may come from a plant." C. Arthur Ling (1919–2005) became the chair, and Leslie Cross the treasurer and secretary. (As of 2015 one of C. Arthur Ling's sons, Adrian, is the managing director of Plamil Foods.) The first annual general meeting was held on 6 October 1956 at Friends\' House in Euston Road
Euston Road
, London.

PLANTMILK LTD

It took several years of research and an investment of ₤20,000 to produce the soy milk, which was fortified with calcium and vitamins B2 , B12 and D2 . In 1965 the society became a limited company, Plantmilk Ltd, with Cross as its first full-time employee, and began production of its milk, which it called Plantmilk, from a rented factory in Iver
Iver
, Buckinghamshire. A group of 16 vegans later took out loans to buy the freehold of a factory in Folkestone
Folkestone
, Kent. In 1972 the company changed its name to Plamil Foods. During the 1970s, echoing the pressure brought by the American dairy industry in the 1930s, the company was not allowed in England to refer to its product as "soya milk," but had to call it "liquid food of plant origin," and thereafter "soya plantmilk."

PRODUCTS

Plamil products are suitable for vegans and are made by the company in its own factory. The company is a "free from" producer and is sought out by people with allergies, as well as by vegans. Their organic chocolate products are registered with the Soil Association
Soil Association
. Their products were registered with the Vegan Society until 2009, but Plamil withdrew its support of the society's trademark after the latter agreed to certify products that might contain trace amounts of dairy milk, eggs or fish, as a result of contamination during manufacturing. Since then Plamil has used its own vegan logo, rather than the society's.

The company sells organic unsweetened soy milk, horchata (tigernut milk), and egg-free mayonnaise in several flavours, including plain, lemongrass and tarragon. There is a range of carob bars, chocolate products, organic chocolate spreads sweetened with orange oil or rice syrup, as well as Easter eggs and chocolate snowmen. Products are available online from the company's website, Animal Aid
Animal Aid
and Amazon , and as of 2015 are sold by Waitrose
Waitrose
and Holland -webkit-column-width: 26em; column-width: 26em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ A B "C Arthur Ling, 1919–2005", Plamil Foods. * ^ Reed Mangels , Virginia Messina, and Mark Messina, The Dietitian's Guide to Vegetarian Diets, Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2011, pp. 256–257. * ^ A B C D William Shurtleff and Akiko Aoyagi, History of Soymilk and Other Non-Dairy Milks (1226–2013), Soyinfo Center, 2013, pp. 5–8. * ^ The Forme of Cury, Project Gutenberg. * ^ " Vitasoy
Vitasoy
Story", Vitasoy
Vitasoy
International Holdings, Ltd. * ^ A B C "The Plantmilk Society," The Vegan, 10(3), Winter 1956, pp. 14–16. * ^ For date of death, The Vegan, Spring 1980, p. 23. * ^ Leslie Cross, letter to the Vegetarian Messenger, 1943, p. 184, cited in Leah Leneman, "No Animal Food: The Road to Veganism
Veganism
in Britain, 1909–1944", Society and Animals, 7(3), 1999, pp. 222–223. * ^ John Heron, editorial, The Vegan, 9(8), Spring 1956, p. 1, and in the same issue, Leslie J. Cross, "A Veganmilk Association," p. 2. * ^ "Plantmilk," The Vegan, Autumn 1965, p. 32. * ^ Harry Maher, "The Milk of Human Kindness", interview with Arthur Ling, Vegan Views, 37, Autumn 1986. * ^ "About us", Plamil Foods. * ^ A B "Free from ...", Plamil Foods. * ^ "Plamil Organic Chocolate", Plamil Foods. * ^ "Plamil and the \'Animal free\' Vegan Trademark", Plamil Foods. * ^ "New Modernised Vegan Logo for Vegetarian ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Plant milk
Plant milk

MILKS

* Almond milk
Almond milk
* Coconut milk
Coconut milk
* Hemp milk
Hemp milk
* Peanut milk * Rice milk
Rice milk
* Soy milk
Soy milk

RELATED PRODUCTS

* Douhua
Douhua
* Horchata
Horchata
* Kokkoh * Plant cream * Poi * Sikhye * Soy-based infant formula * Soy pudding * Soy yogurt * Vegan cheese

BRANDS, COMPANIES

* 8th Continent * Alpro * Hain Celestial Group
Hain Celestial Group
* MimicCreme * Plamil Foods * Silk * So Good * Tofutti * Vitasoy
Vitasoy

RELATED

* Milk substitute

* Template:Milk substitutes

* Soy protein * Veganism
Veganism

* v * t * e

Soy (Glycine max)

GENERAL

* Soy allergy * Soy candle
Soy candle
* Soy ink * Soy molasses * Soy paint * Soy protein * Soybean
Soybean
* Soybean
Soybean
diseases * Soybean
Soybean
meal * Soybean
Soybean
oil

SOY-BASED DISHES

* List of soy-based foods * Aburaage
Aburaage
* Agedashi tofu * Bai ye * Douhua
Douhua
* Dubu kimchi * Edamame
Edamame
* Hiyayakko * Kongguksu * Kongnamul * Mapo doufu
Mapo doufu
* Miso soup
Miso soup
* Sundubu jjigae
Sundubu jjigae
* Tahu goreng
Tahu goreng
* Tofu skin roll * Yong Tau Foo

PLANT MILK

* Soy milk
Soy milk
* Soy yogurt * Vegan cheese

MEAT ANALOGUES

* Beanfeast * Tempeh
Tempeh
* Textured vegetable protein
Textured vegetable protein
* Tofu
Tofu
* Tofurkey
Tofurkey
* Vegetarian hot dog * Veggie burger
Veggie burger

SAUCES AND CONDIMENTS

SOY SAUCE BASED

* Ganjang * Ponzu * Sweet soy sauce * Tamari * Teriyaki * Tsuyu * Yìn yóu

PASTES

* Doenjang
Doenjang
* Doubanjiang
Doubanjiang
* Miso
Miso
* Sweet bean sauce
Sweet bean sauce
* Yellow soybean paste
Yellow soybean paste
* Tương

FERMENTED BEAN

* Fermented bean curd * Douchi
Douchi
* Kinema
Kinema
* Tauco
Tauco
* Nattō

VARIOUS OTHER FOODS

* Mamenori * Oncom * Soy flour * Soy milk
Soy milk
based infant formula * Soy nut * Stinky tofu
Stinky tofu
* Tofu
Tofu
dreg * Tofu
Tofu
skin * List of fermented soy products

BIOCHEMICALS

PHYTOESTROGENS

* Genistein
Genistein
* Genistin
Genistin
* Glycitein
Glycitein
* Ononin * Daidzein
Daidzein
* Equol (metabolite) * O-DMA (metabolite) * Daidzin
Daidzin
(leaves)

GLOBULINS (PROTEINS)

* Beta-conglycinin * Gylcinin

PHAS (LECTINS )

* Soybean
Soybean
agglutinin (lectin)

ENZYMES

* Beta-amylase
Beta-amylase
* Lipoxygenase * Cysteine proteases

TRYPSIN INHIBITORS

* Kunitz inhibitor * Bowman-Birk inhibitor

OTHER

* Soy lecithin
Soy lecithin
(mix of Phospholipids ) * Lunasin

* Unsaponifiables

* Tocopherols * Sterols
Sterols

* Antinutrients

* Phytates

* Protease Inhibitors

* Cystatins

COMPANIES

* 8th Continent * Alpro * Boca Burger * Gardenburger * Kikkoman
Kikkoman
* Morningstar Farms
Morningstar Farms
* Plamil Foods * Silk * So Good * Tofutti * Vitasoy
Vitasoy
* Yamasa * Yeo Hiap Seng

OTHER

* Yuasa , artisan town of historic soy sauce distilleries * Kikkoman
Kikkoman
Soy Sauce Museum

* v * t * e

Veganism
Veganism
and vegetarianism

PERSPECTIVES

VEGANISM

* Animal-free agriculture
Animal-free agriculture
* Fruitarianism
Fruitarianism
* History of veganism * Juice fasting * Low-carbon diet * Raw veganism * Vegan nutrition * Vegan organic gardening

VEGETARIANISM

* Economic vegetarianism * Environmental vegetarianism * History of vegetarianism * Lacto vegetarianism
Lacto vegetarianism
* Ovo vegetarianism * Ovo-lacto vegetarianism * Vegetarian cuisine
Vegetarian cuisine
* Vegetarian Diet Pyramid
Vegetarian Diet Pyramid
* Vegetarian ecofeminism * Vegetarian nutrition
Vegetarian nutrition
* Vegetarianism by country

SEMI-VEGETARIANISM

* Macrobiotic diet
Macrobiotic diet
* Pescetarianism
Pescetarianism

LISTS

* List of vegans
List of vegans
* List of vegetarians
List of vegetarians
* List of vegetarian festivals * List of vegetarian organizations * List of vegetarian restaurants
List of vegetarian restaurants

ETHICS

SECULAR

* Animal rights
Animal rights
* Animal welfare
Animal welfare
* Carnism
Carnism
* Deep ecology
Deep ecology
* Environmental vegetarianism * Ethics of eating meat
Ethics of eating meat
* Meat paradox
Meat paradox
* Nonviolence
Nonviolence
* Speciesism
Speciesism
* Tirukkuṛaḷ
Tirukkuṛaḷ

RELIGIOUS

* Ahimsa
Ahimsa
* Buddhist vegetarianism
Buddhist vegetarianism
* Christian vegetarianism
Christian vegetarianism
* Diet in Hinduism * Diet in Sikhism * Ital
Ital
(Rastafari) * Jain vegetarianism * Jewish vegetarianism * Pythagorean diet * Sattvic diet

Food, drink

* Agar
Agar
* Agave nectar
Agave nectar

* Meat analogue
Meat analogue

* List of meat substitutes
List of meat substitutes

* Miso
Miso
* Mochi
Mochi
* Mock duck
Mock duck
* Nutritional yeast * Plant cream * Plant milk
Plant milk
* Quinoa
Quinoa
* Quorn
Quorn
* Seitan * Soy yogurt * Tempeh
Tempeh
* Tofu
Tofu
* Tofurkey
Tofurkey
* Vegan cheese * Vegetarian hot dog * Vegetarian mark * Vegetarian sausage * Vegetarianism and beer * Vegetarianism and wine * Veggie burger
Veggie burger

Groups, events, companies

VEGAN

* American Vegan Society * Beauty Without Cruelty * Food Empowerment Project * Go Vegan * Movement for Compassionate Living * Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine * Plamil Foods * Vegan Awareness Foundation * Vegan flag
Vegan flag
* Vegan Ireland * Vegan Outreach * Vegan Prisoners Support Group * The Vegan Society * Veganz
Veganz
* World Vegan Day
World Vegan Day

VEGETARIAN

* American Vegetarian Party * Boston Vegetarian Society
Vegetarian Society
* Christian Vegetarian Association * European Vegetarian Union * Hare Krishna Food for Life * International Vegetarian Union * Jewish Veg * Linda McCartney Foods

* Meat-free days

* Meatless Monday

* Swissveg * Toronto Vegetarian Association * Vegetarian Society
Vegetarian Society
* Vegetarian Society
Vegetarian Society
(Singapore) * Veggie Pride * Viva! Health * World Esperantist Vegetarian Association * World Vegetarian Day

Books, reports

* Thirty-nine Reasons Why I Am a Vegetarian (1903) * The Benefits of Vegetarianism (1927) * Diet for a Small Planet (1971) * Moosewood Cookbook
Moosewood Cookbook
(1977) * Fit for Life (1985) * Diet for a New America (1987) * The China Study (2004) * Raw Food Made Easy for 1 or 2 People (2005) * Skinny Bitch (2005) * Livestock\'s Long Shadow (2006) * Eating Animals
Eating Animals
(2009) * The Kind Diet
The Kind Diet
(2009) * Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows (2009) * Eat border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Meet Your Meat (2002) * Peaceable Kingdom (2004) * Earthlings (2005) * A Sacred Duty (2007) * Fat, Sick and Nearly Dead (2010) * Planeat (2010) * Forks Over Knives
Forks Over Knives
(2011) * Vegucated (2011) * Live and Let Live (2013) * Cowspiracy
Cowspiracy
(2014) * What the Health (2017) * Carnage (2017)

MAGAZINES

* Naked Food Magazine
Naked Food Magazine
* Vegetarian Times
Vegetarian Times
* VegNews

Physicians, academics

* Neal D. Barnard * T. Colin Campbell * Caldwell Esselstyn * Gary L. Francione
Gary L. Francione
* Joel Fuhrman * Michael Greger * Melanie Joy * Michael Klaper * John A. McDougall * Reed Mangels * Dean Ornish * Richard H.

.