Union of Democratic Forces (Before 2001)
Supported Socialist Party (Before 2016)
University of National and World Economy
Plamen Vasilev Oresharski (Bulgarian: Пламен Василев
Орешарски; born 21 February 1960) is a Bulgarian politician
who served as
Prime Minister of Bulgaria
Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 2013 to 2014.
Previously Oresharski was Minister of Finance from 2005 to 2009 in the
Cabinet of the Triple Coalition with Prime Minister Sergei Stanishev.
1 Early life and education
2 Political career
2.1 Finance minister
2.3 Prime Minister
3 Personal life
Early life and education
Oresharski was born on 21 February 1960 in Dupnitsa, Bulgaria. In
addition to his native Bulgarian, he speaks English and Russian. In
1985, Oresharski graduated from the University of National and World
Economy. Between 1988 and 1992, Oresharski completed a dissertation on
the topic of "Investments and Investment Analysis", earning the
equivalent of a doctoral degree. From 1993, Oresharski was Director
of the Division for the State Treasury and Debt of the Ministry of
Finance. Between 1995 and 1997, he served on the Governing Council of
the Bulgarian Stock Exchange, and from 1997 to 2000 on the board of
the UniCredit Bulbank.
Ivan Kostov became Prime Minister in 1997, Oresharski served
under his administration as Deputy Minister of Finance, a position he
held until the 2001 election, when he decided to lecture at the Higher
Institute of Finances and Economics. In 2003, he was nominated by
the UDF as a mayoral candidate for Sofia. In the same year, Oresharski
left the UDF and was for a while part of the BZNS-NS, DP and
"Gergyovden" coalition. In 2004, he was a member of the group that was
in charge of drafting the economic reports for president Georgi
Oresharski returned to politics in 2005 as Finance Minister in the
Socialist-led government of Sergei Stanishev, a position he held
Boyko Borisov replaced Stanishev as Prime Minister in 2009.
Oresharski was elected as an MP in the list of Bulgarian Socialist
Party (Burgas) in 2009.
Further information: Oresharski Government
Further information: 2013–14 Bulgarian protests against the
After the May 2013 parliamentary election, which was held earlier than
initially expected because of the resignation of the Borisov cabinet,
the latter's right-wing party, GERB, won a plurality. However, as it
did not possess a majority in parliament and failed to secure backing
from another party, the mandate was instead given to the second party:
Bulgarian Socialist Party
Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP). In May 2013 Oresharski was given
a mandate to form a cabinet for the BSP by President Rosen Plevneliev.
Following his announcement in media of his proposed cabinet there was
a strong dislike amongst some towards Oresharski and his ministers,
which led to anti-Oresharski cabinet protests even before the election
of such cabinet. Green protesters organized themselves in May 27 and
protested on May 28. Nonetheless the cabinet was elected (with one
change: Ivan Danov replaced Kalin Tiholov) and he became Prime
Minister after a 120-97 vote in Parliament. Hours after the
election new national protests were organized for 2 June 2013.
However, national protesters reached thousands rallying on streets on
14 June after the appointment of Delyan Peevski, controversial figure,
media mogul and previously investigated for corruption, for a head of
Bulgarian security agency (DANS). After the first day of protests
against his appointment, Peevski gave his resignation, but
demonstrators continued demanding the resignation of the whole
cabinet. The protests, varying in size from day to day, finally ended
with the resignation of the cabinet.
On June 30, 2014, Bulgaria's fourth biggest bank KTB went bankrupt,
amid accusations that the government had intentionally withdrawn the
deposits of state-owned companies the previous weeks. The bailout
would eventually cost the state budget $4 billion, and would double
the public debt.
On July 23, 2014, Oresharski submitted the resignation of his cabinet,
a little more than a year after his appointment as Prime Minister.
The next day parliament voted 180-8 (8 abstained and 44 were absent)
to accept the government's resignation. Oresharski on a number
occasions described himself as cognizant of the need to "have his
resignation in his pocket from the very beginning of his tenure as
Oresharski is married to cardiologist Elka Georgieva and they have one
son, Desislav. Oresharski's hobbies include mountaineering and
badge collecting from various public events.
^ a b "Bulgarian Government Resigns". Bulgarian News Agency. July 23,
2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
^ a b "Пламен Орешарски профил и
биография" (in Bulgarian). personi.dir.bg. Retrieved
^ Lilov 2013, p. 381.
^ "Кой, кой е в кабинета "Орешарски" (in
Bulgarian). novjivot.info. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-14.
^ "Кой е бъдещият министър-председател.
Прагматикът, еднакво приемлив и за
десни, и за леви правителства" (in Bulgarian).
mediapool.bg. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
^ Lilov 2013, p. 382.
^ BBC. "
Bulgaria coalition deal ends row". 15 August 2005. Retrieved
on 25 May 2013.
^ Plamen Vasilev Oresharski (biography) (in Bulgarian), BSP Burgas
^ BSP presented the leaders of lists for national parliament (in
Bulgarian) Archived 2009-10-14 at the Wayback Machine., BSP, May 26,
Bulgarians to Protest 'Mafia' Cabinet Proposal, Novinite, May 28,
^ In Oresharski cabinet prof. Ivan Danov changes Tiholov! (in
Bulgarian), Maritza, 28 May 2013
^ "Bulgaria: Naming of Prime Minister Ends Stalemate". The New York
Times. Associated Press. May 30, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
^ ""Протест на радостта" след оставката
на Орешарски" (in Bulgarian). novini.bg. 23 July 2014.
Retrieved 30 August 2014.
^ "Bulgarian Parliament Approves Government Resignation".
Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
^ "Орешарски няма усещане да е загубил
всички, уверен е, че ще успокои нещата,
готов е на преговори заради
"изнервената ситуация", която била
"доста негативна" за развитието на
страната". mediapool official website. mediapool.bg. 1 July
2013. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
^ a b (only available in print in the case of the Pressa edition)
"Годината на тримата премиери:
Борисов-Райков-Орешарски - 71:78:214" Check
url= value (help) (in Bulgarian). Pressa Daily. 30 December 2013.
Lilov, Grigor (2013). Най-богатите българи (1st
ed.). Sofia: „Кайлас” ЕООД.
Minister of Finance
Prime Minister of Bulgaria
Prime Ministers of Bulgaria
Kingdom of Bulgaria
People's Rep. of Bulgaria
Republic of Bulgaria
Italics indicate interim officeholders.