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Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(French pronunciation: ​[plas vɑ̃dom]) is a square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France, located to the north of the Tuileries Gardens
Tuileries Gardens
and east of the Église de la Madeleine. It is the starting point of the Rue de la Paix. Its regular architecture by Jules Hardouin-Mansart
Jules Hardouin-Mansart
and pedimented screens canted across the corners give the rectangular Place Vendôme
Vendôme
the aspect of an octagon. The original Vendôme
Vendôme
Column at the centre of the square was erected by Napoleon I to commemorate the Battle of Austerlitz; it was torn down on 16 May 1871, by decree of the Paris Commune, but subsequently re-erected and remains a prominent feature on the square today.

Contents

1 History 2 The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column 3 Features 4 Hôtels particuliers 5 In culture 6 Notable residents 7 Metro station 8 Notes 9 External links

History[edit]

Place Vendôme, ca. 1890–1900

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was laid out in 1702 as a monument to the glory of the armies of Louis XIV, the Grand Monarque and called Place des Conquêtes, to be renamed Place Louis le Grand, when the conquests proved temporary; an over life-size equestrian statue of the king was set up in its centre, donated by the city authorities; this was by François Girardon
François Girardon
(1699) and is supposed to have been the first large modern equestrian statue to be cast in a single piece. It was destroyed in the French Revolution; however, there is a small version in the Louvre.[1] This led to the popular joke that while Henri IV dwelled among the people by the Pont Neuf, and Louis XIII
Louis XIII
among the aristocrats of the Place des Vosges, Louis XIV
Louis XIV
preferred the company of the tax farmers in the Place Vendôme; each reflecting the group they had favoured in life.[2]

The Foire Saint-Ovide around 1770 by Jacques-Gabriel Huquier, (musée de la Révolution française).

The site of the square was formerly the hôtel of César, duc de Vendôme, the illegitimate son of Henry IV and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Hardouin-Mansart bought the building and its gardens, with the idea of converting it into building lots as a profitable speculation. The plan did not materialize, and Louis XIV's minister of finance, Louvois, purchased the piece of ground, with the object of building a square, modelled on the successful Place des Vosges
Place des Vosges
of the previous century. Louvois came into financial difficulties and nothing came of his project, either. After his death, the king purchased the plot and commissioned Hardouin-Mansart to design a housefront that the buyers of plots round the square would agree to adhere to. When the state finances ran low, the financier John Law took on the project, built himself a residence behind one of the façades, and the square was complete by 1720, just as his paper-money Mississippi bubble burst. Law suffered a major blow when he was forced to pay back taxes amounting to some tens of millions of dollars. With no way to pay such an amount, he was forced to sell the property he owned on the square. The buyers were members of the exiled Bourbon-Condé family who later returned to the country to reclaim their land in the town of Vendôme itself. Between 1720 and 1797, they acquired much of the square, including a freehold to parts of the site on which the Hôtel Ritz Paris now stands and in which they still maintain apartments. Their intention to restore a family palace on the site is dependent on the possible intentions of the adjacent Justice Ministry to expand its premises. The Foire Saint-Ovide settled in 1764 on the place until 1771. The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column[edit]

The column Vendôme

The original column was started in 1806 at Napoleon's direction and completed in 1810. It was modelled after Trajan's Column, to celebrate the victory of Austerlitz; its veneer of 425 spiralling bas-relief bronze plates was made out of cannon taken from the combined armies of Europe, according to his propaganda (the usual figure given is hugely exaggerated: 180 cannon were actually captured at Austerlitz.[3]) These plates were designed by the sculptor Pierre-Nolasque Bergeret and executed by a team of sculptors including Jean-Joseph Foucou, Louis-Simon Boizot, François Joseph Bosio, Lorenzo Bartolini, Claude Ramey, François Rude, Corbet, Clodion, Julie Charpentier, and Henri-Joseph Ruxthiel.[citation needed] A statue of Napoleon, bare-headed, crowned with laurels and holding a sword in his right hand and a globe surmounted with a statue of Victory (as in Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker) in his left hand, was placed atop the column.[citation needed] In 1816, taking advantage of the Allied occupying force, a mob of men and horses had attached a cable to the neck of the statue of Napoleon atop the column, but it had refused to budge – one woman quipped "If the Emperor is as solid on his throne as this statue is on its column, he's nowhere near descending the throne".[citation needed] After the Bourbon Restoration
Bourbon Restoration
the statue, though not the column, was pulled down and melted down to provide the bronze for the recast equestrian statue of Henry IV on the Pont Neuf
Pont Neuf
(as was bronze from sculptures on the Column of the Grande Armée
Column of the Grande Armée
at Boulogne-sur-Mer), though the statuette of Victory is still to be seen in the salon Napoléon of the Hôtel des Monnaies (which also contains a model of the column and a likeness of Napoleon's face copied from his death mask).[citation needed] A replacement statue of Napoléon in modern dress (a tricorn hat, boots and a redingote), however, was erected by Louis-Philippe, and a better, more augustly classicizing one by Louis-Napoléon (later Napoléon III).[4] During the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
in 1871, the painter Gustave Courbet, president of the Federation of Artists and elected member of the Commune,[5] who had previously expressed his dismay that this monument to war was located on the Rue de la Paix, proposed that the column be disassembled and preserved at the Hôtel des Invalides. Courbet argued that:

Communards pose with the statue of Napoléon I from the toppled Vendôme
Vendôme
column, 1871

“ In as much as the Vendôme
Vendôme
column is a monument devoid of all artistic value, tending to perpetuate by its expression the ideas of war and conquest of the past imperial dynasty, which are reproved by a republican nation's sentiment, citizen Courbet expresses the wish that the National Defense government will authorise him to disassemble this column.[6] ”

His project as proposed was not adopted, though on 12 April 1871 legislation was passed authorizing the dismantling of the imperial symbol. When the column was taken down on 16 May its bronze plates were preserved. After the suppression of the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
by Adolphe Thiers, the decision was made to rebuild the column with the statue of Napoléon restored at its apex. For his role in the Commune, Courbet was condemned to pay the costs of rebuilding the monument, estimated at 323,000 francs, in yearly installments of 10,000 francs. Unable to pay, Courbet went into self-imposed exile in Switzerland, the French government seized and sold the artist's paintings for a minor amount, and Courbet died in exile in December 1877.[7][8] In 1874, the column was re-erected at the center of Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with a copy of the original statue on top.[citation needed] An inner staircase leading to the top is no longer open to the public.[citation needed] Features[edit] At the centre of the square's long sides, Hardouin-Mansart's range of Corinthian pilasters breaks forward under a pediment, to create palace-like fronts. The arcading of the formally rusticated ground floors does not provide an arcaded passageway as at Place des Vosges. The architectural linking of the windows from one floor to the next, and the increasing arch of their windowheads, provide an upward spring to the horizontals formed by ranks of windows. Originally the square was accessible by a single street and preserved an aristocratic quiet, except when the annual fair was held there. Then Napoléon opened the rue de la Paix, and the 19th century filled the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with traffic. It was only after the opening in 1875 of the Palais Garnier on the other side of the rue de la Paix that the centre of the Parisian fashionable life started gravitating around the rue de la Paix and the Place Vendôme.[9] Hôtels particuliers[edit] Hôtels particuliers
Hôtels particuliers
on the Place Vendôme:

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 Vendôme Column

N°1 : Hôtel Bataille de Francès N°3 : Hôtel de Coëtlogon N°5 : Hôtel d'Orsigny N°7 : Hôtel Lebas de Montargis N°9 : Hôtel de Villemaré N°11 : Hôtel de Simiane N°13 : Hôtel de Bourvallais N°15 : Hôtel de Gramont N°17 : Hôtel de Crozat N°19 : Hôtel d'Évreux N°21 : Hôtel de Fontpertuis N°23 : Hôtel de Boullongne

N°2 : Hôtel Marquet de Bourgade N°4 : Hôtel Heuzé de Vologer N°6 : Hôtel Thibert des Martrais N°8 : Hôtel Delpech de Chaunot N°10 : Hôtel de Latour-Maubourg N°12 : Hôtel Baudard de Saint-James N°14 : Hôtel de La Fare N°16 : Hôtel Moufle N°18 : Hôtel Duché des Tournelles N°20 : Hôtel de Parabère N°22 : Hôtel de Ségur N°24 : Hôtel de Boffrand N°26 : Hôtel de Noce N°28 : Hôtel Gaillard de la Bouëxière

In culture[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
has been renowned for its fashionable and deluxe hotels such as the Ritz. Many famous dress designers have had their salons in the square. The only two remaining are the shirtmaker Charvet, at number 28, whose store has been on the Place since 1877,[10] and the couturier Chéruit, at number 21, reestablished in 2008.[11] Since 1718, the Ministry of Justice, also known as the "Chancellerie", is located at the Hotel de Bourvallais located at numbers 11 and 13. Right on the other side of the Place, number 14 houses the Paris office of JP Morgan, the investment bank, and number 20 the office of Ardian (formerly AXA Private Equity). After his death in 1990, American artist Keith Haring
Keith Haring
was cremated and his ashes were sprinkled out on a hillside near Kutztown. Except for one handful, that Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
brought to the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
because she believed the spirit of Haring had told her to. In the 1920s, American architect, Alonzo C. Webb worked making advertisements and designs in English for some of the fashionable houses along the Place Vendôme. Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was a 1998 movie by Nicole Garcia
Nicole Garcia
starring Catherine Deneuve.

Panoramic view of Place Vendôme

Notable residents[edit]

Abel-François Poisson, marquis de Marigny, (1727–1781), the brother of Madame de Pompadour, at 8, Place Vendôme Claude Dupin, (1686–1769), the financier and contracted tax-collector (fermier-général), at 10, Place Vendôme Augustin Blondel de Gagny (1695—1776), art collector Samuel Jean de Pozzi, (1846–1918), the surgeon and gynecologist, at 10, Place Vendôme Frédéric Chopin, (1810–1849), the Polish composer, at 12, Place Vendôme, where he died. Coco Chanel, (1883–1971), the fashion designer, at 15, Place Vendôme, (the Hôtel Ritz Paris) Franz Mesmer, (1734–1815), the German physician and discoverer of animal magnetism, at 16, Place Vendôme Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione (1837–1899), the former mistress of Napoleon III, lived in seclusion from the 1870s until the 1890s at 26, Place Vendôme, above Boucheron Prince Jefri Bolkiah, in the 1990s

Metro station[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
is:

___

Located near the Métro stations: Opéra, Pyramides, Madeleine and Tuileries.

It is served by lines .

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
by night

Notes[edit]

^ Louvre
Louvre
picture ^ Walks in Paris ^ Chandler, David G. (1995). The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 320.  ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 303–305. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'Courbet, The Commune and the Visual Arts.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 84–94. ^ "Attendu que la colonne Vendôme
Vendôme
est un monument dénué de toute valeur artistique, tendant à perpétuer par son expression les idées de guerre et de conquête qui étaient dans la dynastie impériale, mais que réprouve le sentiment d’une nation républicaine, [le citoyen Courbet] émet le vœu que le gouvernement de la Défense nationale veuille bien l’autoriser à déboulonner cette colonne. [1], ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'The De-Politicization of Gustave Courbet: Transformation and Rehabilitation under the Third Republic.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 116–127. ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 349–350. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Perrot, Philippe (1996). Fashioning the Bourgeoisie: A History of Clothing in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-691-00081-6.  ^ Sarmant, Thierry; Luce Gaume (2003). La Place Vendôme: art, pouvoir et fortune (in French). Paris: Action artistique de la ville de Paris. p. 250.  ^ Chéruit, 21 place Vendôme, Paris, website

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(Paris).

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
and its history Comité Vendôme
Vendôme
(in French)

Coordinates: 48°52′03″N 2°19′46″E / 48.86750°N 2.32944°E / 48.86750; 2.32944

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Place Vendôme
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The Info List - Place Vendôme


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Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(French pronunciation: ​[plas vɑ̃dom]) is a square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France, located to the north of the Tuileries Gardens
Tuileries Gardens
and east of the Église de la Madeleine. It is the starting point of the Rue de la Paix. Its regular architecture by Jules Hardouin-Mansart
Jules Hardouin-Mansart
and pedimented screens canted across the corners give the rectangular Place Vendôme
Vendôme
the aspect of an octagon. The original Vendôme
Vendôme
Column at the centre of the square was erected by Napoleon I to commemorate the Battle of Austerlitz; it was torn down on 16 May 1871, by decree of the Paris Commune, but subsequently re-erected and remains a prominent feature on the square today.

Contents

1 History 2 The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column 3 Features 4 Hôtels particuliers 5 In culture 6 Notable residents 7 Metro station 8 Notes 9 External links

History[edit]

Place Vendôme, ca. 1890–1900

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was laid out in 1702 as a monument to the glory of the armies of Louis XIV, the Grand Monarque and called Place des Conquêtes, to be renamed Place Louis le Grand, when the conquests proved temporary; an over life-size equestrian statue of the king was set up in its centre, donated by the city authorities; this was by François Girardon
François Girardon
(1699) and is supposed to have been the first large modern equestrian statue to be cast in a single piece. It was destroyed in the French Revolution; however, there is a small version in the Louvre.[1] This led to the popular joke that while Henri IV dwelled among the people by the Pont Neuf, and Louis XIII
Louis XIII
among the aristocrats of the Place des Vosges, Louis XIV
Louis XIV
preferred the company of the tax farmers in the Place Vendôme; each reflecting the group they had favoured in life.[2]

The Foire Saint-Ovide around 1770 by Jacques-Gabriel Huquier, (musée de la Révolution française).

The site of the square was formerly the hôtel of César, duc de Vendôme, the illegitimate son of Henry IV and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Hardouin-Mansart bought the building and its gardens, with the idea of converting it into building lots as a profitable speculation. The plan did not materialize, and Louis XIV's minister of finance, Louvois, purchased the piece of ground, with the object of building a square, modelled on the successful Place des Vosges
Place des Vosges
of the previous century. Louvois came into financial difficulties and nothing came of his project, either. After his death, the king purchased the plot and commissioned Hardouin-Mansart to design a housefront that the buyers of plots round the square would agree to adhere to. When the state finances ran low, the financier John Law took on the project, built himself a residence behind one of the façades, and the square was complete by 1720, just as his paper-money Mississippi bubble burst. Law suffered a major blow when he was forced to pay back taxes amounting to some tens of millions of dollars. With no way to pay such an amount, he was forced to sell the property he owned on the square. The buyers were members of the exiled Bourbon-Condé family who later returned to the country to reclaim their land in the town of Vendôme itself. Between 1720 and 1797, they acquired much of the square, including a freehold to parts of the site on which the Hôtel Ritz Paris now stands and in which they still maintain apartments. Their intention to restore a family palace on the site is dependent on the possible intentions of the adjacent Justice Ministry to expand its premises. The Foire Saint-Ovide settled in 1764 on the place until 1771. The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column[edit]

The column Vendôme

The original column was started in 1806 at Napoleon's direction and completed in 1810. It was modelled after Trajan's Column, to celebrate the victory of Austerlitz; its veneer of 425 spiralling bas-relief bronze plates was made out of cannon taken from the combined armies of Europe, according to his propaganda (the usual figure given is hugely exaggerated: 180 cannon were actually captured at Austerlitz.[3]) These plates were designed by the sculptor Pierre-Nolasque Bergeret and executed by a team of sculptors including Jean-Joseph Foucou, Louis-Simon Boizot, François Joseph Bosio, Lorenzo Bartolini, Claude Ramey, François Rude, Corbet, Clodion, Julie Charpentier, and Henri-Joseph Ruxthiel.[citation needed] A statue of Napoleon, bare-headed, crowned with laurels and holding a sword in his right hand and a globe surmounted with a statue of Victory (as in Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker) in his left hand, was placed atop the column.[citation needed] In 1816, taking advantage of the Allied occupying force, a mob of men and horses had attached a cable to the neck of the statue of Napoleon atop the column, but it had refused to budge – one woman quipped "If the Emperor is as solid on his throne as this statue is on its column, he's nowhere near descending the throne".[citation needed] After the Bourbon Restoration
Bourbon Restoration
the statue, though not the column, was pulled down and melted down to provide the bronze for the recast equestrian statue of Henry IV on the Pont Neuf
Pont Neuf
(as was bronze from sculptures on the Column of the Grande Armée
Column of the Grande Armée
at Boulogne-sur-Mer), though the statuette of Victory is still to be seen in the salon Napoléon of the Hôtel des Monnaies (which also contains a model of the column and a likeness of Napoleon's face copied from his death mask).[citation needed] A replacement statue of Napoléon in modern dress (a tricorn hat, boots and a redingote), however, was erected by Louis-Philippe, and a better, more augustly classicizing one by Louis-Napoléon (later Napoléon III).[4] During the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
in 1871, the painter Gustave Courbet, president of the Federation of Artists and elected member of the Commune,[5] who had previously expressed his dismay that this monument to war was located on the Rue de la Paix, proposed that the column be disassembled and preserved at the Hôtel des Invalides. Courbet argued that:

Communards pose with the statue of Napoléon I from the toppled Vendôme
Vendôme
column, 1871

“ In as much as the Vendôme
Vendôme
column is a monument devoid of all artistic value, tending to perpetuate by its expression the ideas of war and conquest of the past imperial dynasty, which are reproved by a republican nation's sentiment, citizen Courbet expresses the wish that the National Defense government will authorise him to disassemble this column.[6] ”

His project as proposed was not adopted, though on 12 April 1871 legislation was passed authorizing the dismantling of the imperial symbol. When the column was taken down on 16 May its bronze plates were preserved. After the suppression of the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
by Adolphe Thiers, the decision was made to rebuild the column with the statue of Napoléon restored at its apex. For his role in the Commune, Courbet was condemned to pay the costs of rebuilding the monument, estimated at 323,000 francs, in yearly installments of 10,000 francs. Unable to pay, Courbet went into self-imposed exile in Switzerland, the French government seized and sold the artist's paintings for a minor amount, and Courbet died in exile in December 1877.[7][8] In 1874, the column was re-erected at the center of Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with a copy of the original statue on top.[citation needed] An inner staircase leading to the top is no longer open to the public.[citation needed] Features[edit] At the centre of the square's long sides, Hardouin-Mansart's range of Corinthian pilasters breaks forward under a pediment, to create palace-like fronts. The arcading of the formally rusticated ground floors does not provide an arcaded passageway as at Place des Vosges. The architectural linking of the windows from one floor to the next, and the increasing arch of their windowheads, provide an upward spring to the horizontals formed by ranks of windows. Originally the square was accessible by a single street and preserved an aristocratic quiet, except when the annual fair was held there. Then Napoléon opened the rue de la Paix, and the 19th century filled the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with traffic. It was only after the opening in 1875 of the Palais Garnier on the other side of the rue de la Paix that the centre of the Parisian fashionable life started gravitating around the rue de la Paix and the Place Vendôme.[9] Hôtels particuliers[edit] Hôtels particuliers
Hôtels particuliers
on the Place Vendôme:

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 Vendôme Column

N°1 : Hôtel Bataille de Francès N°3 : Hôtel de Coëtlogon N°5 : Hôtel d'Orsigny N°7 : Hôtel Lebas de Montargis N°9 : Hôtel de Villemaré N°11 : Hôtel de Simiane N°13 : Hôtel de Bourvallais N°15 : Hôtel de Gramont N°17 : Hôtel de Crozat N°19 : Hôtel d'Évreux N°21 : Hôtel de Fontpertuis N°23 : Hôtel de Boullongne

N°2 : Hôtel Marquet de Bourgade N°4 : Hôtel Heuzé de Vologer N°6 : Hôtel Thibert des Martrais N°8 : Hôtel Delpech de Chaunot N°10 : Hôtel de Latour-Maubourg N°12 : Hôtel Baudard de Saint-James N°14 : Hôtel de La Fare N°16 : Hôtel Moufle N°18 : Hôtel Duché des Tournelles N°20 : Hôtel de Parabère N°22 : Hôtel de Ségur N°24 : Hôtel de Boffrand N°26 : Hôtel de Noce N°28 : Hôtel Gaillard de la Bouëxière

In culture[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
has been renowned for its fashionable and deluxe hotels such as the Ritz. Many famous dress designers have had their salons in the square. The only two remaining are the shirtmaker Charvet, at number 28, whose store has been on the Place since 1877,[10] and the couturier Chéruit, at number 21, reestablished in 2008.[11] Since 1718, the Ministry of Justice, also known as the "Chancellerie", is located at the Hotel de Bourvallais located at numbers 11 and 13. Right on the other side of the Place, number 14 houses the Paris office of JP Morgan, the investment bank, and number 20 the office of Ardian (formerly AXA Private Equity). After his death in 1990, American artist Keith Haring
Keith Haring
was cremated and his ashes were sprinkled out on a hillside near Kutztown. Except for one handful, that Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
brought to the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
because she believed the spirit of Haring had told her to. In the 1920s, American architect, Alonzo C. Webb worked making advertisements and designs in English for some of the fashionable houses along the Place Vendôme. Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was a 1998 movie by Nicole Garcia
Nicole Garcia
starring Catherine Deneuve.

Panoramic view of Place Vendôme

Notable residents[edit]

Abel-François Poisson, marquis de Marigny, (1727–1781), the brother of Madame de Pompadour, at 8, Place Vendôme Claude Dupin, (1686–1769), the financier and contracted tax-collector (fermier-général), at 10, Place Vendôme Augustin Blondel de Gagny (1695—1776), art collector Samuel Jean de Pozzi, (1846–1918), the surgeon and gynecologist, at 10, Place Vendôme Frédéric Chopin, (1810–1849), the Polish composer, at 12, Place Vendôme, where he died. Coco Chanel, (1883–1971), the fashion designer, at 15, Place Vendôme, (the Hôtel Ritz Paris) Franz Mesmer, (1734–1815), the German physician and discoverer of animal magnetism, at 16, Place Vendôme Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione (1837–1899), the former mistress of Napoleon III, lived in seclusion from the 1870s until the 1890s at 26, Place Vendôme, above Boucheron Prince Jefri Bolkiah, in the 1990s

Metro station[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
is:

___

Located near the Métro stations: Opéra, Pyramides, Madeleine and Tuileries.

It is served by lines .

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
by night

Notes[edit]

^ Louvre
Louvre
picture ^ Walks in Paris ^ Chandler, David G. (1995). The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 320.  ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 303–305. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'Courbet, The Commune and the Visual Arts.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 84–94. ^ "Attendu que la colonne Vendôme
Vendôme
est un monument dénué de toute valeur artistique, tendant à perpétuer par son expression les idées de guerre et de conquête qui étaient dans la dynastie impériale, mais que réprouve le sentiment d’une nation républicaine, [le citoyen Courbet] émet le vœu que le gouvernement de la Défense nationale veuille bien l’autoriser à déboulonner cette colonne. [1], ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'The De-Politicization of Gustave Courbet: Transformation and Rehabilitation under the Third Republic.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 116–127. ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 349–350. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Perrot, Philippe (1996). Fashioning the Bourgeoisie: A History of Clothing in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-691-00081-6.  ^ Sarmant, Thierry; Luce Gaume (2003). La Place Vendôme: art, pouvoir et fortune (in French). Paris: Action artistique de la ville de Paris. p. 250.  ^ Chéruit, 21 place Vendôme, Paris, website

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(Paris).

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
and its history Comité Vendôme
Vendôme
(in French)

Coordinates: 48°52′03″N 2°19′46″E / 48.86750°N 2.32944°E / 48.86750; 2.32944

v t e

Tourism in Paris

Landmarks

Arc de Triomphe Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
du Carrousel Arènes de Lutèce Bourse Catacombs Conciergerie Eiffel Tower Flame of Liberty Grand Palais
Grand Palais
and Petit Palais Institut de France Jeanne d'Arc Les Invalides Louvre
Louvre
Pyramid Luxor Obelisk Odéon Opéra Bastille Opéra Garnier Panthéon Philharmonie de Paris Porte Saint-Denis Porte Saint-Martin Sorbonne Tour Montparnasse

Museums

Bibliothèque nationale Carnavalet Centre Pompidou/Beaubourg Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie Jeu de Paume Louis Vuitton Foundation Musée des Arts Décoratifs Musée des Arts et Métiers Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris Musée Cognacq-Jay Musée Grévin Musée Guimet Maison de Victor Hugo Musée Jacquemart-André Musée du Louvre Musée Marmottan Monet Musée de Montmartre Musée National d'Art Moderne Musée national Eugène Delacroix Musée national Gustave Moreau Musée national des Monuments Français Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Musée national du Moyen Âge Musée de l'Orangerie Musée d'Orsay Musée Pasteur Musée Picasso Musée du quai Branly Musée Rodin Palais de la Légion d'Honneur

Musée de la Légion d'honneur

Musée de la Vie Romantique

Religious buildings

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral American Cathedral American Church Chapelle expiatoire Grand Mosque Grand Synagogue La Madeleine Notre-Dame de Paris Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Sacré-Cœur Saint Ambroise Saint-Augustin Saint-Étienne-du-Mont Saint-Eustache Saint-François-Xavier Saint-Germain-des-Prés Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois Saint-Gervais-Saint-Protais Saint-Jacques Tower Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis Saint-Pierre de Montmartre Saint-Roch Saint-Sulpice Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Sainte-Chapelle Sainte-Clotilde Sainte-Trinité Temple du Marais Val-de-Grâce

Hôtels particuliers and palaces

Élysée Palace Hôtel de Beauvais Hôtel de Charost Hôtel de Crillon Hôtel d'Estrées Hôtel de la Païva Hôtel de Pontalba Hôtel de Sens Hôtel de Soubise Hôtel de Sully Hôtel de Ville Hôtel Lambert Hôtel Matignon Luxembourg Palace
Luxembourg Palace
(Petit Luxembourg) Palais Bourbon Palais de Justice Palais-Royal

Areas, bridges, streets and squares

Avenue Foch Avenue George V Champ de Mars Champs-Élysées Covered passages

Galerie Véro-Dodat Choiseul Panoramas Galerie Vivienne Havre Jouffroy Brady

Latin Quarter Le Marais Montmartre Montparnasse Place Dauphine Place de la Bastille Place de la Concorde Place de la Nation Place de la République Place Denfert-Rochereau Place des États-Unis Place des Pyramides Place des Victoires Place des Vosges Place du Carrousel Place du Châtelet Place du Tertre Place Saint-Michel Place Vendôme Pont Alexandre III Pont d'Iéna Pont de Bir-Hakeim Pont des Arts Pont Neuf Rive Gauche Rue de Rivoli Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré Saint-Germain-des-Prés Trocadéro

Parks and gardens

Bois de Boulogne Bois de Vincennes Jardin d'Acclimatation Jardin du Luxembourg Parc des Buttes Chaumont Parc Montsouris Tuileries Garden

Cemeteries

Montmartre
Montmartre
Cemetery Montparnasse
Montparnasse
Cemetery Passy Cemetery Père Lachaise Cemetery Picpus Cemetery

Région parisienne

Chantilly La Défense

Grande Arche

Disneyland Paris Écouen Fontainebleau France Miniature Malmaison Musée de l’air et de l’espace Musée Fragonard d'Alfort Parc Astérix Provins Rambouillet La Roche-Guyon Basilica of St Denis Saint-Germain-en-Laye Sceaux Stade de France U Arena Vaux-le-Vicomte Palace and Gardens of Versailles Vincennes

Events and traditions

Bastille Day military parade Fête de la Musique Nuit Blanche Paris Air Show Paris-Plages Republican Guard

Other

Le Bateau-Lavoir La Ruche Café des 2 Moulins Café Procope Les Deux Magots Maxim's Moulin de la Galette Moulin Rouge

Related

Paris Musées Axe historique

Paris Métro Bateaux Mouches

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 295453

.
Place Vendôme
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The Info List - Place Vendôme


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Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(French pronunciation: ​[plas vɑ̃dom]) is a square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France, located to the north of the Tuileries Gardens
Tuileries Gardens
and east of the Église de la Madeleine. It is the starting point of the Rue de la Paix. Its regular architecture by Jules Hardouin-Mansart
Jules Hardouin-Mansart
and pedimented screens canted across the corners give the rectangular Place Vendôme
Vendôme
the aspect of an octagon. The original Vendôme
Vendôme
Column at the centre of the square was erected by Napoleon I to commemorate the Battle of Austerlitz; it was torn down on 16 May 1871, by decree of the Paris Commune, but subsequently re-erected and remains a prominent feature on the square today.

Contents

1 History 2 The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column 3 Features 4 Hôtels particuliers 5 In culture 6 Notable residents 7 Metro station 8 Notes 9 External links

History[edit]

Place Vendôme, ca. 1890–1900

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was laid out in 1702 as a monument to the glory of the armies of Louis XIV, the Grand Monarque and called Place des Conquêtes, to be renamed Place Louis le Grand, when the conquests proved temporary; an over life-size equestrian statue of the king was set up in its centre, donated by the city authorities; this was by François Girardon
François Girardon
(1699) and is supposed to have been the first large modern equestrian statue to be cast in a single piece. It was destroyed in the French Revolution; however, there is a small version in the Louvre.[1] This led to the popular joke that while Henri IV dwelled among the people by the Pont Neuf, and Louis XIII
Louis XIII
among the aristocrats of the Place des Vosges, Louis XIV
Louis XIV
preferred the company of the tax farmers in the Place Vendôme; each reflecting the group they had favoured in life.[2]

The Foire Saint-Ovide around 1770 by Jacques-Gabriel Huquier, (musée de la Révolution française).

The site of the square was formerly the hôtel of César, duc de Vendôme, the illegitimate son of Henry IV and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Hardouin-Mansart bought the building and its gardens, with the idea of converting it into building lots as a profitable speculation. The plan did not materialize, and Louis XIV's minister of finance, Louvois, purchased the piece of ground, with the object of building a square, modelled on the successful Place des Vosges
Place des Vosges
of the previous century. Louvois came into financial difficulties and nothing came of his project, either. After his death, the king purchased the plot and commissioned Hardouin-Mansart to design a housefront that the buyers of plots round the square would agree to adhere to. When the state finances ran low, the financier John Law took on the project, built himself a residence behind one of the façades, and the square was complete by 1720, just as his paper-money Mississippi bubble burst. Law suffered a major blow when he was forced to pay back taxes amounting to some tens of millions of dollars. With no way to pay such an amount, he was forced to sell the property he owned on the square. The buyers were members of the exiled Bourbon-Condé family who later returned to the country to reclaim their land in the town of Vendôme itself. Between 1720 and 1797, they acquired much of the square, including a freehold to parts of the site on which the Hôtel Ritz Paris now stands and in which they still maintain apartments. Their intention to restore a family palace on the site is dependent on the possible intentions of the adjacent Justice Ministry to expand its premises. The Foire Saint-Ovide settled in 1764 on the place until 1771. The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column[edit]

The column Vendôme

The original column was started in 1806 at Napoleon's direction and completed in 1810. It was modelled after Trajan's Column, to celebrate the victory of Austerlitz; its veneer of 425 spiralling bas-relief bronze plates was made out of cannon taken from the combined armies of Europe, according to his propaganda (the usual figure given is hugely exaggerated: 180 cannon were actually captured at Austerlitz.[3]) These plates were designed by the sculptor Pierre-Nolasque Bergeret and executed by a team of sculptors including Jean-Joseph Foucou, Louis-Simon Boizot, François Joseph Bosio, Lorenzo Bartolini, Claude Ramey, François Rude, Corbet, Clodion, Julie Charpentier, and Henri-Joseph Ruxthiel.[citation needed] A statue of Napoleon, bare-headed, crowned with laurels and holding a sword in his right hand and a globe surmounted with a statue of Victory (as in Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker) in his left hand, was placed atop the column.[citation needed] In 1816, taking advantage of the Allied occupying force, a mob of men and horses had attached a cable to the neck of the statue of Napoleon atop the column, but it had refused to budge – one woman quipped "If the Emperor is as solid on his throne as this statue is on its column, he's nowhere near descending the throne".[citation needed] After the Bourbon Restoration
Bourbon Restoration
the statue, though not the column, was pulled down and melted down to provide the bronze for the recast equestrian statue of Henry IV on the Pont Neuf
Pont Neuf
(as was bronze from sculptures on the Column of the Grande Armée
Column of the Grande Armée
at Boulogne-sur-Mer), though the statuette of Victory is still to be seen in the salon Napoléon of the Hôtel des Monnaies (which also contains a model of the column and a likeness of Napoleon's face copied from his death mask).[citation needed] A replacement statue of Napoléon in modern dress (a tricorn hat, boots and a redingote), however, was erected by Louis-Philippe, and a better, more augustly classicizing one by Louis-Napoléon (later Napoléon III).[4] During the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
in 1871, the painter Gustave Courbet, president of the Federation of Artists and elected member of the Commune,[5] who had previously expressed his dismay that this monument to war was located on the Rue de la Paix, proposed that the column be disassembled and preserved at the Hôtel des Invalides. Courbet argued that:

Communards pose with the statue of Napoléon I from the toppled Vendôme
Vendôme
column, 1871

“ In as much as the Vendôme
Vendôme
column is a monument devoid of all artistic value, tending to perpetuate by its expression the ideas of war and conquest of the past imperial dynasty, which are reproved by a republican nation's sentiment, citizen Courbet expresses the wish that the National Defense government will authorise him to disassemble this column.[6] ”

His project as proposed was not adopted, though on 12 April 1871 legislation was passed authorizing the dismantling of the imperial symbol. When the column was taken down on 16 May its bronze plates were preserved. After the suppression of the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
by Adolphe Thiers, the decision was made to rebuild the column with the statue of Napoléon restored at its apex. For his role in the Commune, Courbet was condemned to pay the costs of rebuilding the monument, estimated at 323,000 francs, in yearly installments of 10,000 francs. Unable to pay, Courbet went into self-imposed exile in Switzerland, the French government seized and sold the artist's paintings for a minor amount, and Courbet died in exile in December 1877.[7][8] In 1874, the column was re-erected at the center of Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with a copy of the original statue on top.[citation needed] An inner staircase leading to the top is no longer open to the public.[citation needed] Features[edit] At the centre of the square's long sides, Hardouin-Mansart's range of Corinthian pilasters breaks forward under a pediment, to create palace-like fronts. The arcading of the formally rusticated ground floors does not provide an arcaded passageway as at Place des Vosges. The architectural linking of the windows from one floor to the next, and the increasing arch of their windowheads, provide an upward spring to the horizontals formed by ranks of windows. Originally the square was accessible by a single street and preserved an aristocratic quiet, except when the annual fair was held there. Then Napoléon opened the rue de la Paix, and the 19th century filled the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with traffic. It was only after the opening in 1875 of the Palais Garnier on the other side of the rue de la Paix that the centre of the Parisian fashionable life started gravitating around the rue de la Paix and the Place Vendôme.[9] Hôtels particuliers[edit] Hôtels particuliers
Hôtels particuliers
on the Place Vendôme:

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 Vendôme Column

N°1 : Hôtel Bataille de Francès N°3 : Hôtel de Coëtlogon N°5 : Hôtel d'Orsigny N°7 : Hôtel Lebas de Montargis N°9 : Hôtel de Villemaré N°11 : Hôtel de Simiane N°13 : Hôtel de Bourvallais N°15 : Hôtel de Gramont N°17 : Hôtel de Crozat N°19 : Hôtel d'Évreux N°21 : Hôtel de Fontpertuis N°23 : Hôtel de Boullongne

N°2 : Hôtel Marquet de Bourgade N°4 : Hôtel Heuzé de Vologer N°6 : Hôtel Thibert des Martrais N°8 : Hôtel Delpech de Chaunot N°10 : Hôtel de Latour-Maubourg N°12 : Hôtel Baudard de Saint-James N°14 : Hôtel de La Fare N°16 : Hôtel Moufle N°18 : Hôtel Duché des Tournelles N°20 : Hôtel de Parabère N°22 : Hôtel de Ségur N°24 : Hôtel de Boffrand N°26 : Hôtel de Noce N°28 : Hôtel Gaillard de la Bouëxière

In culture[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
has been renowned for its fashionable and deluxe hotels such as the Ritz. Many famous dress designers have had their salons in the square. The only two remaining are the shirtmaker Charvet, at number 28, whose store has been on the Place since 1877,[10] and the couturier Chéruit, at number 21, reestablished in 2008.[11] Since 1718, the Ministry of Justice, also known as the "Chancellerie", is located at the Hotel de Bourvallais located at numbers 11 and 13. Right on the other side of the Place, number 14 houses the Paris office of JP Morgan, the investment bank, and number 20 the office of Ardian (formerly AXA Private Equity). After his death in 1990, American artist Keith Haring
Keith Haring
was cremated and his ashes were sprinkled out on a hillside near Kutztown. Except for one handful, that Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
brought to the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
because she believed the spirit of Haring had told her to. In the 1920s, American architect, Alonzo C. Webb worked making advertisements and designs in English for some of the fashionable houses along the Place Vendôme. Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was a 1998 movie by Nicole Garcia
Nicole Garcia
starring Catherine Deneuve.

Panoramic view of Place Vendôme

Notable residents[edit]

Abel-François Poisson, marquis de Marigny, (1727–1781), the brother of Madame de Pompadour, at 8, Place Vendôme Claude Dupin, (1686–1769), the financier and contracted tax-collector (fermier-général), at 10, Place Vendôme Augustin Blondel de Gagny (1695—1776), art collector Samuel Jean de Pozzi, (1846–1918), the surgeon and gynecologist, at 10, Place Vendôme Frédéric Chopin, (1810–1849), the Polish composer, at 12, Place Vendôme, where he died. Coco Chanel, (1883–1971), the fashion designer, at 15, Place Vendôme, (the Hôtel Ritz Paris) Franz Mesmer, (1734–1815), the German physician and discoverer of animal magnetism, at 16, Place Vendôme Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione (1837–1899), the former mistress of Napoleon III, lived in seclusion from the 1870s until the 1890s at 26, Place Vendôme, above Boucheron Prince Jefri Bolkiah, in the 1990s

Metro station[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
is:

___

Located near the Métro stations: Opéra, Pyramides, Madeleine and Tuileries.

It is served by lines .

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
by night

Notes[edit]

^ Louvre
Louvre
picture ^ Walks in Paris ^ Chandler, David G. (1995). The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 320.  ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 303–305. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'Courbet, The Commune and the Visual Arts.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 84–94. ^ "Attendu que la colonne Vendôme
Vendôme
est un monument dénué de toute valeur artistique, tendant à perpétuer par son expression les idées de guerre et de conquête qui étaient dans la dynastie impériale, mais que réprouve le sentiment d’une nation républicaine, [le citoyen Courbet] émet le vœu que le gouvernement de la Défense nationale veuille bien l’autoriser à déboulonner cette colonne. [1], ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'The De-Politicization of Gustave Courbet: Transformation and Rehabilitation under the Third Republic.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 116–127. ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 349–350. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Perrot, Philippe (1996). Fashioning the Bourgeoisie: A History of Clothing in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-691-00081-6.  ^ Sarmant, Thierry; Luce Gaume (2003). La Place Vendôme: art, pouvoir et fortune (in French). Paris: Action artistique de la ville de Paris. p. 250.  ^ Chéruit, 21 place Vendôme, Paris, website

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(Paris).

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
and its history Comité Vendôme
Vendôme
(in French)

Coordinates: 48°52′03″N 2°19′46″E / 48.86750°N 2.32944°E / 48.86750; 2.32944

v t e

Tourism in Paris

Landmarks

Arc de Triomphe Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
du Carrousel Arènes de Lutèce Bourse Catacombs Conciergerie Eiffel Tower Flame of Liberty Grand Palais
Grand Palais
and Petit Palais Institut de France Jeanne d'Arc Les Invalides Louvre
Louvre
Pyramid Luxor Obelisk Odéon Opéra Bastille Opéra Garnier Panthéon Philharmonie de Paris Porte Saint-Denis Porte Saint-Martin Sorbonne Tour Montparnasse

Museums

Bibliothèque nationale Carnavalet Centre Pompidou/Beaubourg Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie Jeu de Paume Louis Vuitton Foundation Musée des Arts Décoratifs Musée des Arts et Métiers Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris Musée Cognacq-Jay Musée Grévin Musée Guimet Maison de Victor Hugo Musée Jacquemart-André Musée du Louvre Musée Marmottan Monet Musée de Montmartre Musée National d'Art Moderne Musée national Eugène Delacroix Musée national Gustave Moreau Musée national des Monuments Français Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Musée national du Moyen Âge Musée de l'Orangerie Musée d'Orsay Musée Pasteur Musée Picasso Musée du quai Branly Musée Rodin Palais de la Légion d'Honneur

Musée de la Légion d'honneur

Musée de la Vie Romantique

Religious buildings

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral American Cathedral American Church Chapelle expiatoire Grand Mosque Grand Synagogue La Madeleine Notre-Dame de Paris Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Sacré-Cœur Saint Ambroise Saint-Augustin Saint-Étienne-du-Mont Saint-Eustache Saint-François-Xavier Saint-Germain-des-Prés Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois Saint-Gervais-Saint-Protais Saint-Jacques Tower Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis Saint-Pierre de Montmartre Saint-Roch Saint-Sulpice Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Sainte-Chapelle Sainte-Clotilde Sainte-Trinité Temple du Marais Val-de-Grâce

Hôtels particuliers and palaces

Élysée Palace Hôtel de Beauvais Hôtel de Charost Hôtel de Crillon Hôtel d'Estrées Hôtel de la Païva Hôtel de Pontalba Hôtel de Sens Hôtel de Soubise Hôtel de Sully Hôtel de Ville Hôtel Lambert Hôtel Matignon Luxembourg Palace
Luxembourg Palace
(Petit Luxembourg) Palais Bourbon Palais de Justice Palais-Royal

Areas, bridges, streets and squares

Avenue Foch Avenue George V Champ de Mars Champs-Élysées Covered passages

Galerie Véro-Dodat Choiseul Panoramas Galerie Vivienne Havre Jouffroy Brady

Latin Quarter Le Marais Montmartre Montparnasse Place Dauphine Place de la Bastille Place de la Concorde Place de la Nation Place de la République Place Denfert-Rochereau Place des États-Unis Place des Pyramides Place des Victoires Place des Vosges Place du Carrousel Place du Châtelet Place du Tertre Place Saint-Michel Place Vendôme Pont Alexandre III Pont d'Iéna Pont de Bir-Hakeim Pont des Arts Pont Neuf Rive Gauche Rue de Rivoli Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré Saint-Germain-des-Prés Trocadéro

Parks and gardens

Bois de Boulogne Bois de Vincennes Jardin d'Acclimatation Jardin du Luxembourg Parc des Buttes Chaumont Parc Montsouris Tuileries Garden

Cemeteries

Montmartre
Montmartre
Cemetery Montparnasse
Montparnasse
Cemetery Passy Cemetery Père Lachaise Cemetery Picpus Cemetery

Région parisienne

Chantilly La Défense

Grande Arche

Disneyland Paris Écouen Fontainebleau France Miniature Malmaison Musée de l’air et de l’espace Musée Fragonard d'Alfort Parc Astérix Provins Rambouillet La Roche-Guyon Basilica of St Denis Saint-Germain-en-Laye Sceaux Stade de France U Arena Vaux-le-Vicomte Palace and Gardens of Versailles Vincennes

Events and traditions

Bastille Day military parade Fête de la Musique Nuit Blanche Paris Air Show Paris-Plages Republican Guard

Other

Le Bateau-Lavoir La Ruche Café des 2 Moulins Café Procope Les Deux Magots Maxim's Moulin de la Galette Moulin Rouge

Related

Paris Musées Axe historique

Paris Métro Bateaux Mouches

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 295453

.
Place Vendôme
HOME
The Info List - Place Vendôme


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Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(French pronunciation: ​[plas vɑ̃dom]) is a square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France, located to the north of the Tuileries Gardens
Tuileries Gardens
and east of the Église de la Madeleine. It is the starting point of the Rue de la Paix. Its regular architecture by Jules Hardouin-Mansart
Jules Hardouin-Mansart
and pedimented screens canted across the corners give the rectangular Place Vendôme
Vendôme
the aspect of an octagon. The original Vendôme
Vendôme
Column at the centre of the square was erected by Napoleon I to commemorate the Battle of Austerlitz; it was torn down on 16 May 1871, by decree of the Paris Commune, but subsequently re-erected and remains a prominent feature on the square today.

Contents

1 History 2 The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column 3 Features 4 Hôtels particuliers 5 In culture 6 Notable residents 7 Metro station 8 Notes 9 External links

History[edit]

Place Vendôme, ca. 1890–1900

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was laid out in 1702 as a monument to the glory of the armies of Louis XIV, the Grand Monarque and called Place des Conquêtes, to be renamed Place Louis le Grand, when the conquests proved temporary; an over life-size equestrian statue of the king was set up in its centre, donated by the city authorities; this was by François Girardon
François Girardon
(1699) and is supposed to have been the first large modern equestrian statue to be cast in a single piece. It was destroyed in the French Revolution; however, there is a small version in the Louvre.[1] This led to the popular joke that while Henri IV dwelled among the people by the Pont Neuf, and Louis XIII
Louis XIII
among the aristocrats of the Place des Vosges, Louis XIV
Louis XIV
preferred the company of the tax farmers in the Place Vendôme; each reflecting the group they had favoured in life.[2]

The Foire Saint-Ovide around 1770 by Jacques-Gabriel Huquier, (musée de la Révolution française).

The site of the square was formerly the hôtel of César, duc de Vendôme, the illegitimate son of Henry IV and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Hardouin-Mansart bought the building and its gardens, with the idea of converting it into building lots as a profitable speculation. The plan did not materialize, and Louis XIV's minister of finance, Louvois, purchased the piece of ground, with the object of building a square, modelled on the successful Place des Vosges
Place des Vosges
of the previous century. Louvois came into financial difficulties and nothing came of his project, either. After his death, the king purchased the plot and commissioned Hardouin-Mansart to design a housefront that the buyers of plots round the square would agree to adhere to. When the state finances ran low, the financier John Law took on the project, built himself a residence behind one of the façades, and the square was complete by 1720, just as his paper-money Mississippi bubble burst. Law suffered a major blow when he was forced to pay back taxes amounting to some tens of millions of dollars. With no way to pay such an amount, he was forced to sell the property he owned on the square. The buyers were members of the exiled Bourbon-Condé family who later returned to the country to reclaim their land in the town of Vendôme itself. Between 1720 and 1797, they acquired much of the square, including a freehold to parts of the site on which the Hôtel Ritz Paris now stands and in which they still maintain apartments. Their intention to restore a family palace on the site is dependent on the possible intentions of the adjacent Justice Ministry to expand its premises. The Foire Saint-Ovide settled in 1764 on the place until 1771. The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column[edit]

The column Vendôme

The original column was started in 1806 at Napoleon's direction and completed in 1810. It was modelled after Trajan's Column, to celebrate the victory of Austerlitz; its veneer of 425 spiralling bas-relief bronze plates was made out of cannon taken from the combined armies of Europe, according to his propaganda (the usual figure given is hugely exaggerated: 180 cannon were actually captured at Austerlitz.[3]) These plates were designed by the sculptor Pierre-Nolasque Bergeret and executed by a team of sculptors including Jean-Joseph Foucou, Louis-Simon Boizot, François Joseph Bosio, Lorenzo Bartolini, Claude Ramey, François Rude, Corbet, Clodion, Julie Charpentier, and Henri-Joseph Ruxthiel.[citation needed] A statue of Napoleon, bare-headed, crowned with laurels and holding a sword in his right hand and a globe surmounted with a statue of Victory (as in Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker) in his left hand, was placed atop the column.[citation needed] In 1816, taking advantage of the Allied occupying force, a mob of men and horses had attached a cable to the neck of the statue of Napoleon atop the column, but it had refused to budge – one woman quipped "If the Emperor is as solid on his throne as this statue is on its column, he's nowhere near descending the throne".[citation needed] After the Bourbon Restoration
Bourbon Restoration
the statue, though not the column, was pulled down and melted down to provide the bronze for the recast equestrian statue of Henry IV on the Pont Neuf
Pont Neuf
(as was bronze from sculptures on the Column of the Grande Armée
Column of the Grande Armée
at Boulogne-sur-Mer), though the statuette of Victory is still to be seen in the salon Napoléon of the Hôtel des Monnaies (which also contains a model of the column and a likeness of Napoleon's face copied from his death mask).[citation needed] A replacement statue of Napoléon in modern dress (a tricorn hat, boots and a redingote), however, was erected by Louis-Philippe, and a better, more augustly classicizing one by Louis-Napoléon (later Napoléon III).[4] During the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
in 1871, the painter Gustave Courbet, president of the Federation of Artists and elected member of the Commune,[5] who had previously expressed his dismay that this monument to war was located on the Rue de la Paix, proposed that the column be disassembled and preserved at the Hôtel des Invalides. Courbet argued that:

Communards pose with the statue of Napoléon I from the toppled Vendôme
Vendôme
column, 1871

“ In as much as the Vendôme
Vendôme
column is a monument devoid of all artistic value, tending to perpetuate by its expression the ideas of war and conquest of the past imperial dynasty, which are reproved by a republican nation's sentiment, citizen Courbet expresses the wish that the National Defense government will authorise him to disassemble this column.[6] ”

His project as proposed was not adopted, though on 12 April 1871 legislation was passed authorizing the dismantling of the imperial symbol. When the column was taken down on 16 May its bronze plates were preserved. After the suppression of the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
by Adolphe Thiers, the decision was made to rebuild the column with the statue of Napoléon restored at its apex. For his role in the Commune, Courbet was condemned to pay the costs of rebuilding the monument, estimated at 323,000 francs, in yearly installments of 10,000 francs. Unable to pay, Courbet went into self-imposed exile in Switzerland, the French government seized and sold the artist's paintings for a minor amount, and Courbet died in exile in December 1877.[7][8] In 1874, the column was re-erected at the center of Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with a copy of the original statue on top.[citation needed] An inner staircase leading to the top is no longer open to the public.[citation needed] Features[edit] At the centre of the square's long sides, Hardouin-Mansart's range of Corinthian pilasters breaks forward under a pediment, to create palace-like fronts. The arcading of the formally rusticated ground floors does not provide an arcaded passageway as at Place des Vosges. The architectural linking of the windows from one floor to the next, and the increasing arch of their windowheads, provide an upward spring to the horizontals formed by ranks of windows. Originally the square was accessible by a single street and preserved an aristocratic quiet, except when the annual fair was held there. Then Napoléon opened the rue de la Paix, and the 19th century filled the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with traffic. It was only after the opening in 1875 of the Palais Garnier on the other side of the rue de la Paix that the centre of the Parisian fashionable life started gravitating around the rue de la Paix and the Place Vendôme.[9] Hôtels particuliers[edit] Hôtels particuliers
Hôtels particuliers
on the Place Vendôme:

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 Vendôme Column

N°1 : Hôtel Bataille de Francès N°3 : Hôtel de Coëtlogon N°5 : Hôtel d'Orsigny N°7 : Hôtel Lebas de Montargis N°9 : Hôtel de Villemaré N°11 : Hôtel de Simiane N°13 : Hôtel de Bourvallais N°15 : Hôtel de Gramont N°17 : Hôtel de Crozat N°19 : Hôtel d'Évreux N°21 : Hôtel de Fontpertuis N°23 : Hôtel de Boullongne

N°2 : Hôtel Marquet de Bourgade N°4 : Hôtel Heuzé de Vologer N°6 : Hôtel Thibert des Martrais N°8 : Hôtel Delpech de Chaunot N°10 : Hôtel de Latour-Maubourg N°12 : Hôtel Baudard de Saint-James N°14 : Hôtel de La Fare N°16 : Hôtel Moufle N°18 : Hôtel Duché des Tournelles N°20 : Hôtel de Parabère N°22 : Hôtel de Ségur N°24 : Hôtel de Boffrand N°26 : Hôtel de Noce N°28 : Hôtel Gaillard de la Bouëxière

In culture[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
has been renowned for its fashionable and deluxe hotels such as the Ritz. Many famous dress designers have had their salons in the square. The only two remaining are the shirtmaker Charvet, at number 28, whose store has been on the Place since 1877,[10] and the couturier Chéruit, at number 21, reestablished in 2008.[11] Since 1718, the Ministry of Justice, also known as the "Chancellerie", is located at the Hotel de Bourvallais located at numbers 11 and 13. Right on the other side of the Place, number 14 houses the Paris office of JP Morgan, the investment bank, and number 20 the office of Ardian (formerly AXA Private Equity). After his death in 1990, American artist Keith Haring
Keith Haring
was cremated and his ashes were sprinkled out on a hillside near Kutztown. Except for one handful, that Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
brought to the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
because she believed the spirit of Haring had told her to. In the 1920s, American architect, Alonzo C. Webb worked making advertisements and designs in English for some of the fashionable houses along the Place Vendôme. Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was a 1998 movie by Nicole Garcia
Nicole Garcia
starring Catherine Deneuve.

Panoramic view of Place Vendôme

Notable residents[edit]

Abel-François Poisson, marquis de Marigny, (1727–1781), the brother of Madame de Pompadour, at 8, Place Vendôme Claude Dupin, (1686–1769), the financier and contracted tax-collector (fermier-général), at 10, Place Vendôme Augustin Blondel de Gagny (1695—1776), art collector Samuel Jean de Pozzi, (1846–1918), the surgeon and gynecologist, at 10, Place Vendôme Frédéric Chopin, (1810–1849), the Polish composer, at 12, Place Vendôme, where he died. Coco Chanel, (1883–1971), the fashion designer, at 15, Place Vendôme, (the Hôtel Ritz Paris) Franz Mesmer, (1734–1815), the German physician and discoverer of animal magnetism, at 16, Place Vendôme Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione (1837–1899), the former mistress of Napoleon III, lived in seclusion from the 1870s until the 1890s at 26, Place Vendôme, above Boucheron Prince Jefri Bolkiah, in the 1990s

Metro station[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
is:

___

Located near the Métro stations: Opéra, Pyramides, Madeleine and Tuileries.

It is served by lines .

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
by night

Notes[edit]

^ Louvre
Louvre
picture ^ Walks in Paris ^ Chandler, David G. (1995). The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 320.  ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 303–305. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'Courbet, The Commune and the Visual Arts.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 84–94. ^ "Attendu que la colonne Vendôme
Vendôme
est un monument dénué de toute valeur artistique, tendant à perpétuer par son expression les idées de guerre et de conquête qui étaient dans la dynastie impériale, mais que réprouve le sentiment d’une nation républicaine, [le citoyen Courbet] émet le vœu que le gouvernement de la Défense nationale veuille bien l’autoriser à déboulonner cette colonne. [1], ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'The De-Politicization of Gustave Courbet: Transformation and Rehabilitation under the Third Republic.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 116–127. ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 349–350. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Perrot, Philippe (1996). Fashioning the Bourgeoisie: A History of Clothing in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-691-00081-6.  ^ Sarmant, Thierry; Luce Gaume (2003). La Place Vendôme: art, pouvoir et fortune (in French). Paris: Action artistique de la ville de Paris. p. 250.  ^ Chéruit, 21 place Vendôme, Paris, website

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(Paris).

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
and its history Comité Vendôme
Vendôme
(in French)

Coordinates: 48°52′03″N 2°19′46″E / 48.86750°N 2.32944°E / 48.86750; 2.32944

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 295453

.
Place Vendôme


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Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(French pronunciation: ​[plas vɑ̃dom]) is a square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France, located to the north of the Tuileries Gardens
Tuileries Gardens
and east of the Église de la Madeleine. It is the starting point of the Rue de la Paix. Its regular architecture by Jules Hardouin-Mansart
Jules Hardouin-Mansart
and pedimented screens canted across the corners give the rectangular Place Vendôme
Vendôme
the aspect of an octagon. The original Vendôme
Vendôme
Column at the centre of the square was erected by Napoleon I to commemorate the Battle of Austerlitz; it was torn down on 16 May 1871, by decree of the Paris Commune, but subsequently re-erected and remains a prominent feature on the square today.

Contents

1 History 2 The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column 3 Features 4 Hôtels particuliers 5 In culture 6 Notable residents 7 Metro station 8 Notes 9 External links

History[edit]

Place Vendôme, ca. 1890–1900

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was laid out in 1702 as a monument to the glory of the armies of Louis XIV, the Grand Monarque and called Place des Conquêtes, to be renamed Place Louis le Grand, when the conquests proved temporary; an over life-size equestrian statue of the king was set up in its centre, donated by the city authorities; this was by François Girardon
François Girardon
(1699) and is supposed to have been the first large modern equestrian statue to be cast in a single piece. It was destroyed in the French Revolution; however, there is a small version in the Louvre.[1] This led to the popular joke that while Henri IV dwelled among the people by the Pont Neuf, and Louis XIII
Louis XIII
among the aristocrats of the Place des Vosges, Louis XIV
Louis XIV
preferred the company of the tax farmers in the Place Vendôme; each reflecting the group they had favoured in life.[2]

The Foire Saint-Ovide around 1770 by Jacques-Gabriel Huquier, (musée de la Révolution française).

The site of the square was formerly the hôtel of César, duc de Vendôme, the illegitimate son of Henry IV and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Hardouin-Mansart bought the building and its gardens, with the idea of converting it into building lots as a profitable speculation. The plan did not materialize, and Louis XIV's minister of finance, Louvois, purchased the piece of ground, with the object of building a square, modelled on the successful Place des Vosges
Place des Vosges
of the previous century. Louvois came into financial difficulties and nothing came of his project, either. After his death, the king purchased the plot and commissioned Hardouin-Mansart to design a housefront that the buyers of plots round the square would agree to adhere to. When the state finances ran low, the financier John Law took on the project, built himself a residence behind one of the façades, and the square was complete by 1720, just as his paper-money Mississippi bubble burst. Law suffered a major blow when he was forced to pay back taxes amounting to some tens of millions of dollars. With no way to pay such an amount, he was forced to sell the property he owned on the square. The buyers were members of the exiled Bourbon-Condé family who later returned to the country to reclaim their land in the town of Vendôme itself. Between 1720 and 1797, they acquired much of the square, including a freehold to parts of the site on which the Hôtel Ritz Paris now stands and in which they still maintain apartments. Their intention to restore a family palace on the site is dependent on the possible intentions of the adjacent Justice Ministry to expand its premises. The Foire Saint-Ovide settled in 1764 on the place until 1771. The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column[edit]

The column Vendôme

The original column was started in 1806 at Napoleon's direction and completed in 1810. It was modelled after Trajan's Column, to celebrate the victory of Austerlitz; its veneer of 425 spiralling bas-relief bronze plates was made out of cannon taken from the combined armies of Europe, according to his propaganda (the usual figure given is hugely exaggerated: 180 cannon were actually captured at Austerlitz.[3]) These plates were designed by the sculptor Pierre-Nolasque Bergeret and executed by a team of sculptors including Jean-Joseph Foucou, Louis-Simon Boizot, François Joseph Bosio, Lorenzo Bartolini, Claude Ramey, François Rude, Corbet, Clodion, Julie Charpentier, and Henri-Joseph Ruxthiel.[citation needed] A statue of Napoleon, bare-headed, crowned with laurels and holding a sword in his right hand and a globe surmounted with a statue of Victory (as in Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker) in his left hand, was placed atop the column.[citation needed] In 1816, taking advantage of the Allied occupying force, a mob of men and horses had attached a cable to the neck of the statue of Napoleon atop the column, but it had refused to budge – one woman quipped "If the Emperor is as solid on his throne as this statue is on its column, he's nowhere near descending the throne".[citation needed] After the Bourbon Restoration
Bourbon Restoration
the statue, though not the column, was pulled down and melted down to provide the bronze for the recast equestrian statue of Henry IV on the Pont Neuf
Pont Neuf
(as was bronze from sculptures on the Column of the Grande Armée
Column of the Grande Armée
at Boulogne-sur-Mer), though the statuette of Victory is still to be seen in the salon Napoléon of the Hôtel des Monnaies (which also contains a model of the column and a likeness of Napoleon's face copied from his death mask).[citation needed] A replacement statue of Napoléon in modern dress (a tricorn hat, boots and a redingote), however, was erected by Louis-Philippe, and a better, more augustly classicizing one by Louis-Napoléon (later Napoléon III).[4] During the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
in 1871, the painter Gustave Courbet, president of the Federation of Artists and elected member of the Commune,[5] who had previously expressed his dismay that this monument to war was located on the Rue de la Paix, proposed that the column be disassembled and preserved at the Hôtel des Invalides. Courbet argued that:

Communards pose with the statue of Napoléon I from the toppled Vendôme
Vendôme
column, 1871

“ In as much as the Vendôme
Vendôme
column is a monument devoid of all artistic value, tending to perpetuate by its expression the ideas of war and conquest of the past imperial dynasty, which are reproved by a republican nation's sentiment, citizen Courbet expresses the wish that the National Defense government will authorise him to disassemble this column.[6] ”

His project as proposed was not adopted, though on 12 April 1871 legislation was passed authorizing the dismantling of the imperial symbol. When the column was taken down on 16 May its bronze plates were preserved. After the suppression of the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
by Adolphe Thiers, the decision was made to rebuild the column with the statue of Napoléon restored at its apex. For his role in the Commune, Courbet was condemned to pay the costs of rebuilding the monument, estimated at 323,000 francs, in yearly installments of 10,000 francs. Unable to pay, Courbet went into self-imposed exile in Switzerland, the French government seized and sold the artist's paintings for a minor amount, and Courbet died in exile in December 1877.[7][8] In 1874, the column was re-erected at the center of Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with a copy of the original statue on top.[citation needed] An inner staircase leading to the top is no longer open to the public.[citation needed] Features[edit] At the centre of the square's long sides, Hardouin-Mansart's range of Corinthian pilasters breaks forward under a pediment, to create palace-like fronts. The arcading of the formally rusticated ground floors does not provide an arcaded passageway as at Place des Vosges. The architectural linking of the windows from one floor to the next, and the increasing arch of their windowheads, provide an upward spring to the horizontals formed by ranks of windows. Originally the square was accessible by a single street and preserved an aristocratic quiet, except when the annual fair was held there. Then Napoléon opened the rue de la Paix, and the 19th century filled the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with traffic. It was only after the opening in 1875 of the Palais Garnier on the other side of the rue de la Paix that the centre of the Parisian fashionable life started gravitating around the rue de la Paix and the Place Vendôme.[9] Hôtels particuliers[edit] Hôtels particuliers
Hôtels particuliers
on the Place Vendôme:

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 Vendôme Column

N°1 : Hôtel Bataille de Francès N°3 : Hôtel de Coëtlogon N°5 : Hôtel d'Orsigny N°7 : Hôtel Lebas de Montargis N°9 : Hôtel de Villemaré N°11 : Hôtel de Simiane N°13 : Hôtel de Bourvallais N°15 : Hôtel de Gramont N°17 : Hôtel de Crozat N°19 : Hôtel d'Évreux N°21 : Hôtel de Fontpertuis N°23 : Hôtel de Boullongne

N°2 : Hôtel Marquet de Bourgade N°4 : Hôtel Heuzé de Vologer N°6 : Hôtel Thibert des Martrais N°8 : Hôtel Delpech de Chaunot N°10 : Hôtel de Latour-Maubourg N°12 : Hôtel Baudard de Saint-James N°14 : Hôtel de La Fare N°16 : Hôtel Moufle N°18 : Hôtel Duché des Tournelles N°20 : Hôtel de Parabère N°22 : Hôtel de Ségur N°24 : Hôtel de Boffrand N°26 : Hôtel de Noce N°28 : Hôtel Gaillard de la Bouëxière

In culture[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
has been renowned for its fashionable and deluxe hotels such as the Ritz. Many famous dress designers have had their salons in the square. The only two remaining are the shirtmaker Charvet, at number 28, whose store has been on the Place since 1877,[10] and the couturier Chéruit, at number 21, reestablished in 2008.[11] Since 1718, the Ministry of Justice, also known as the "Chancellerie", is located at the Hotel de Bourvallais located at numbers 11 and 13. Right on the other side of the Place, number 14 houses the Paris office of JP Morgan, the investment bank, and number 20 the office of Ardian (formerly AXA Private Equity). After his death in 1990, American artist Keith Haring
Keith Haring
was cremated and his ashes were sprinkled out on a hillside near Kutztown. Except for one handful, that Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
brought to the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
because she believed the spirit of Haring had told her to. In the 1920s, American architect, Alonzo C. Webb worked making advertisements and designs in English for some of the fashionable houses along the Place Vendôme. Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was a 1998 movie by Nicole Garcia
Nicole Garcia
starring Catherine Deneuve.

Panoramic view of Place Vendôme

Notable residents[edit]

Abel-François Poisson, marquis de Marigny, (1727–1781), the brother of Madame de Pompadour, at 8, Place Vendôme Claude Dupin, (1686–1769), the financier and contracted tax-collector (fermier-général), at 10, Place Vendôme Augustin Blondel de Gagny (1695—1776), art collector Samuel Jean de Pozzi, (1846–1918), the surgeon and gynecologist, at 10, Place Vendôme Frédéric Chopin, (1810–1849), the Polish composer, at 12, Place Vendôme, where he died. Coco Chanel, (1883–1971), the fashion designer, at 15, Place Vendôme, (the Hôtel Ritz Paris) Franz Mesmer, (1734–1815), the German physician and discoverer of animal magnetism, at 16, Place Vendôme Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione (1837–1899), the former mistress of Napoleon III, lived in seclusion from the 1870s until the 1890s at 26, Place Vendôme, above Boucheron Prince Jefri Bolkiah, in the 1990s

Metro station[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
is:

___

Located near the Métro stations: Opéra, Pyramides, Madeleine and Tuileries.

It is served by lines .

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
by night

Notes[edit]

^ Louvre
Louvre
picture ^ Walks in Paris ^ Chandler, David G. (1995). The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 320.  ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 303–305. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'Courbet, The Commune and the Visual Arts.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 84–94. ^ "Attendu que la colonne Vendôme
Vendôme
est un monument dénué de toute valeur artistique, tendant à perpétuer par son expression les idées de guerre et de conquête qui étaient dans la dynastie impériale, mais que réprouve le sentiment d’une nation républicaine, [le citoyen Courbet] émet le vœu que le gouvernement de la Défense nationale veuille bien l’autoriser à déboulonner cette colonne. [1], ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'The De-Politicization of Gustave Courbet: Transformation and Rehabilitation under the Third Republic.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 116–127. ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 349–350. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Perrot, Philippe (1996). Fashioning the Bourgeoisie: A History of Clothing in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-691-00081-6.  ^ Sarmant, Thierry; Luce Gaume (2003). La Place Vendôme: art, pouvoir et fortune (in French). Paris: Action artistique de la ville de Paris. p. 250.  ^ Chéruit, 21 place Vendôme, Paris, website

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(Paris).

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
and its history Comité Vendôme
Vendôme
(in French)

Coordinates: 48°52′03″N 2°19′46″E / 48.86750°N 2.32944°E / 48.86750; 2.32944

v t e

Tourism in Paris

Landmarks

Arc de Triomphe Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
du Carrousel Arènes de Lutèce Bourse Catacombs Conciergerie Eiffel Tower Flame of Liberty Grand Palais
Grand Palais
and Petit Palais Institut de France Jeanne d'Arc Les Invalides Louvre
Louvre
Pyramid Luxor Obelisk Odéon Opéra Bastille Opéra Garnier Panthéon Philharmonie de Paris Porte Saint-Denis Porte Saint-Martin Sorbonne Tour Montparnasse

Museums

Bibliothèque nationale Carnavalet Centre Pompidou/Beaubourg Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie Jeu de Paume Louis Vuitton Foundation Musée des Arts Décoratifs Musée des Arts et Métiers Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris Musée Cognacq-Jay Musée Grévin Musée Guimet Maison de Victor Hugo Musée Jacquemart-André Musée du Louvre Musée Marmottan Monet Musée de Montmartre Musée National d'Art Moderne Musée national Eugène Delacroix Musée national Gustave Moreau Musée national des Monuments Français Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Musée national du Moyen Âge Musée de l'Orangerie Musée d'Orsay Musée Pasteur Musée Picasso Musée du quai Branly Musée Rodin Palais de la Légion d'Honneur

Musée de la Légion d'honneur

Musée de la Vie Romantique

Religious buildings

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral American Cathedral American Church Chapelle expiatoire Grand Mosque Grand Synagogue La Madeleine Notre-Dame de Paris Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Sacré-Cœur Saint Ambroise Saint-Augustin Saint-Étienne-du-Mont Saint-Eustache Saint-François-Xavier Saint-Germain-des-Prés Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois Saint-Gervais-Saint-Protais Saint-Jacques Tower Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis Saint-Pierre de Montmartre Saint-Roch Saint-Sulpice Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Sainte-Chapelle Sainte-Clotilde Sainte-Trinité Temple du Marais Val-de-Grâce

Hôtels particuliers and palaces

Élysée Palace Hôtel de Beauvais Hôtel de Charost Hôtel de Crillon Hôtel d'Estrées Hôtel de la Païva Hôtel de Pontalba Hôtel de Sens Hôtel de Soubise Hôtel de Sully Hôtel de Ville Hôtel Lambert Hôtel Matignon Luxembourg Palace
Luxembourg Palace
(Petit Luxembourg) Palais Bourbon Palais de Justice Palais-Royal

Areas, bridges, streets and squares

Avenue Foch Avenue George V Champ de Mars Champs-Élysées Covered passages

Galerie Véro-Dodat Choiseul Panoramas Galerie Vivienne Havre Jouffroy Brady

Latin Quarter Le Marais Montmartre Montparnasse Place Dauphine Place de la Bastille Place de la Concorde Place de la Nation Place de la République Place Denfert-Rochereau Place des États-Unis Place des Pyramides Place des Victoires Place des Vosges Place du Carrousel Place du Châtelet Place du Tertre Place Saint-Michel Place Vendôme Pont Alexandre III Pont d'Iéna Pont de Bir-Hakeim Pont des Arts Pont Neuf Rive Gauche Rue de Rivoli Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré Saint-Germain-des-Prés Trocadéro

Parks and gardens

Bois de Boulogne Bois de Vincennes Jardin d'Acclimatation Jardin du Luxembourg Parc des Buttes Chaumont Parc Montsouris Tuileries Garden

Cemeteries

Montmartre
Montmartre
Cemetery Montparnasse
Montparnasse
Cemetery Passy Cemetery Père Lachaise Cemetery Picpus Cemetery

Région parisienne

Chantilly La Défense

Grande Arche

Disneyland Paris Écouen Fontainebleau France Miniature Malmaison Musée de l’air et de l’espace Musée Fragonard d'Alfort Parc Astérix Provins Rambouillet La Roche-Guyon Basilica of St Denis Saint-Germain-en-Laye Sceaux Stade de France U Arena Vaux-le-Vicomte Palace and Gardens of Versailles Vincennes

Events and traditions

Bastille Day military parade Fête de la Musique Nuit Blanche Paris Air Show Paris-Plages Republican Guard

Other

Le Bateau-Lavoir La Ruche Café des 2 Moulins Café Procope Les Deux Magots Maxim's Moulin de la Galette Moulin Rouge

Related

Paris Musées Axe historique

Paris Métro Bateaux Mouches

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 295453

.
Place Vendôme


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Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(French pronunciation: ​[plas vɑ̃dom]) is a square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France, located to the north of the Tuileries Gardens
Tuileries Gardens
and east of the Église de la Madeleine. It is the starting point of the Rue de la Paix. Its regular architecture by Jules Hardouin-Mansart
Jules Hardouin-Mansart
and pedimented screens canted across the corners give the rectangular Place Vendôme
Vendôme
the aspect of an octagon. The original Vendôme
Vendôme
Column at the centre of the square was erected by Napoleon I to commemorate the Battle of Austerlitz; it was torn down on 16 May 1871, by decree of the Paris Commune, but subsequently re-erected and remains a prominent feature on the square today.

Contents

1 History 2 The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column 3 Features 4 Hôtels particuliers 5 In culture 6 Notable residents 7 Metro station 8 Notes 9 External links

History[edit]

Place Vendôme, ca. 1890–1900

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was laid out in 1702 as a monument to the glory of the armies of Louis XIV, the Grand Monarque and called Place des Conquêtes, to be renamed Place Louis le Grand, when the conquests proved temporary; an over life-size equestrian statue of the king was set up in its centre, donated by the city authorities; this was by François Girardon
François Girardon
(1699) and is supposed to have been the first large modern equestrian statue to be cast in a single piece. It was destroyed in the French Revolution; however, there is a small version in the Louvre.[1] This led to the popular joke that while Henri IV dwelled among the people by the Pont Neuf, and Louis XIII
Louis XIII
among the aristocrats of the Place des Vosges, Louis XIV
Louis XIV
preferred the company of the tax farmers in the Place Vendôme; each reflecting the group they had favoured in life.[2]

The Foire Saint-Ovide around 1770 by Jacques-Gabriel Huquier, (musée de la Révolution française).

The site of the square was formerly the hôtel of César, duc de Vendôme, the illegitimate son of Henry IV and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Hardouin-Mansart bought the building and its gardens, with the idea of converting it into building lots as a profitable speculation. The plan did not materialize, and Louis XIV's minister of finance, Louvois, purchased the piece of ground, with the object of building a square, modelled on the successful Place des Vosges
Place des Vosges
of the previous century. Louvois came into financial difficulties and nothing came of his project, either. After his death, the king purchased the plot and commissioned Hardouin-Mansart to design a housefront that the buyers of plots round the square would agree to adhere to. When the state finances ran low, the financier John Law took on the project, built himself a residence behind one of the façades, and the square was complete by 1720, just as his paper-money Mississippi bubble burst. Law suffered a major blow when he was forced to pay back taxes amounting to some tens of millions of dollars. With no way to pay such an amount, he was forced to sell the property he owned on the square. The buyers were members of the exiled Bourbon-Condé family who later returned to the country to reclaim their land in the town of Vendôme itself. Between 1720 and 1797, they acquired much of the square, including a freehold to parts of the site on which the Hôtel Ritz Paris now stands and in which they still maintain apartments. Their intention to restore a family palace on the site is dependent on the possible intentions of the adjacent Justice Ministry to expand its premises. The Foire Saint-Ovide settled in 1764 on the place until 1771. The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column[edit]

The column Vendôme

The original column was started in 1806 at Napoleon's direction and completed in 1810. It was modelled after Trajan's Column, to celebrate the victory of Austerlitz; its veneer of 425 spiralling bas-relief bronze plates was made out of cannon taken from the combined armies of Europe, according to his propaganda (the usual figure given is hugely exaggerated: 180 cannon were actually captured at Austerlitz.[3]) These plates were designed by the sculptor Pierre-Nolasque Bergeret and executed by a team of sculptors including Jean-Joseph Foucou, Louis-Simon Boizot, François Joseph Bosio, Lorenzo Bartolini, Claude Ramey, François Rude, Corbet, Clodion, Julie Charpentier, and Henri-Joseph Ruxthiel.[citation needed] A statue of Napoleon, bare-headed, crowned with laurels and holding a sword in his right hand and a globe surmounted with a statue of Victory (as in Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker) in his left hand, was placed atop the column.[citation needed] In 1816, taking advantage of the Allied occupying force, a mob of men and horses had attached a cable to the neck of the statue of Napoleon atop the column, but it had refused to budge – one woman quipped "If the Emperor is as solid on his throne as this statue is on its column, he's nowhere near descending the throne".[citation needed] After the Bourbon Restoration
Bourbon Restoration
the statue, though not the column, was pulled down and melted down to provide the bronze for the recast equestrian statue of Henry IV on the Pont Neuf
Pont Neuf
(as was bronze from sculptures on the Column of the Grande Armée
Column of the Grande Armée
at Boulogne-sur-Mer), though the statuette of Victory is still to be seen in the salon Napoléon of the Hôtel des Monnaies (which also contains a model of the column and a likeness of Napoleon's face copied from his death mask).[citation needed] A replacement statue of Napoléon in modern dress (a tricorn hat, boots and a redingote), however, was erected by Louis-Philippe, and a better, more augustly classicizing one by Louis-Napoléon (later Napoléon III).[4] During the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
in 1871, the painter Gustave Courbet, president of the Federation of Artists and elected member of the Commune,[5] who had previously expressed his dismay that this monument to war was located on the Rue de la Paix, proposed that the column be disassembled and preserved at the Hôtel des Invalides. Courbet argued that:

Communards pose with the statue of Napoléon I from the toppled Vendôme
Vendôme
column, 1871

“ In as much as the Vendôme
Vendôme
column is a monument devoid of all artistic value, tending to perpetuate by its expression the ideas of war and conquest of the past imperial dynasty, which are reproved by a republican nation's sentiment, citizen Courbet expresses the wish that the National Defense government will authorise him to disassemble this column.[6] ”

His project as proposed was not adopted, though on 12 April 1871 legislation was passed authorizing the dismantling of the imperial symbol. When the column was taken down on 16 May its bronze plates were preserved. After the suppression of the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
by Adolphe Thiers, the decision was made to rebuild the column with the statue of Napoléon restored at its apex. For his role in the Commune, Courbet was condemned to pay the costs of rebuilding the monument, estimated at 323,000 francs, in yearly installments of 10,000 francs. Unable to pay, Courbet went into self-imposed exile in Switzerland, the French government seized and sold the artist's paintings for a minor amount, and Courbet died in exile in December 1877.[7][8] In 1874, the column was re-erected at the center of Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with a copy of the original statue on top.[citation needed] An inner staircase leading to the top is no longer open to the public.[citation needed] Features[edit] At the centre of the square's long sides, Hardouin-Mansart's range of Corinthian pilasters breaks forward under a pediment, to create palace-like fronts. The arcading of the formally rusticated ground floors does not provide an arcaded passageway as at Place des Vosges. The architectural linking of the windows from one floor to the next, and the increasing arch of their windowheads, provide an upward spring to the horizontals formed by ranks of windows. Originally the square was accessible by a single street and preserved an aristocratic quiet, except when the annual fair was held there. Then Napoléon opened the rue de la Paix, and the 19th century filled the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with traffic. It was only after the opening in 1875 of the Palais Garnier on the other side of the rue de la Paix that the centre of the Parisian fashionable life started gravitating around the rue de la Paix and the Place Vendôme.[9] Hôtels particuliers[edit] Hôtels particuliers
Hôtels particuliers
on the Place Vendôme:

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 Vendôme Column

N°1 : Hôtel Bataille de Francès N°3 : Hôtel de Coëtlogon N°5 : Hôtel d'Orsigny N°7 : Hôtel Lebas de Montargis N°9 : Hôtel de Villemaré N°11 : Hôtel de Simiane N°13 : Hôtel de Bourvallais N°15 : Hôtel de Gramont N°17 : Hôtel de Crozat N°19 : Hôtel d'Évreux N°21 : Hôtel de Fontpertuis N°23 : Hôtel de Boullongne

N°2 : Hôtel Marquet de Bourgade N°4 : Hôtel Heuzé de Vologer N°6 : Hôtel Thibert des Martrais N°8 : Hôtel Delpech de Chaunot N°10 : Hôtel de Latour-Maubourg N°12 : Hôtel Baudard de Saint-James N°14 : Hôtel de La Fare N°16 : Hôtel Moufle N°18 : Hôtel Duché des Tournelles N°20 : Hôtel de Parabère N°22 : Hôtel de Ségur N°24 : Hôtel de Boffrand N°26 : Hôtel de Noce N°28 : Hôtel Gaillard de la Bouëxière

In culture[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
has been renowned for its fashionable and deluxe hotels such as the Ritz. Many famous dress designers have had their salons in the square. The only two remaining are the shirtmaker Charvet, at number 28, whose store has been on the Place since 1877,[10] and the couturier Chéruit, at number 21, reestablished in 2008.[11] Since 1718, the Ministry of Justice, also known as the "Chancellerie", is located at the Hotel de Bourvallais located at numbers 11 and 13. Right on the other side of the Place, number 14 houses the Paris office of JP Morgan, the investment bank, and number 20 the office of Ardian (formerly AXA Private Equity). After his death in 1990, American artist Keith Haring
Keith Haring
was cremated and his ashes were sprinkled out on a hillside near Kutztown. Except for one handful, that Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
brought to the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
because she believed the spirit of Haring had told her to. In the 1920s, American architect, Alonzo C. Webb worked making advertisements and designs in English for some of the fashionable houses along the Place Vendôme. Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was a 1998 movie by Nicole Garcia
Nicole Garcia
starring Catherine Deneuve.

Panoramic view of Place Vendôme

Notable residents[edit]

Abel-François Poisson, marquis de Marigny, (1727–1781), the brother of Madame de Pompadour, at 8, Place Vendôme Claude Dupin, (1686–1769), the financier and contracted tax-collector (fermier-général), at 10, Place Vendôme Augustin Blondel de Gagny (1695—1776), art collector Samuel Jean de Pozzi, (1846–1918), the surgeon and gynecologist, at 10, Place Vendôme Frédéric Chopin, (1810–1849), the Polish composer, at 12, Place Vendôme, where he died. Coco Chanel, (1883–1971), the fashion designer, at 15, Place Vendôme, (the Hôtel Ritz Paris) Franz Mesmer, (1734–1815), the German physician and discoverer of animal magnetism, at 16, Place Vendôme Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione (1837–1899), the former mistress of Napoleon III, lived in seclusion from the 1870s until the 1890s at 26, Place Vendôme, above Boucheron Prince Jefri Bolkiah, in the 1990s

Metro station[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
is:

___

Located near the Métro stations: Opéra, Pyramides, Madeleine and Tuileries.

It is served by lines .

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
by night

Notes[edit]

^ Louvre
Louvre
picture ^ Walks in Paris ^ Chandler, David G. (1995). The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 320.  ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 303–305. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'Courbet, The Commune and the Visual Arts.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 84–94. ^ "Attendu que la colonne Vendôme
Vendôme
est un monument dénué de toute valeur artistique, tendant à perpétuer par son expression les idées de guerre et de conquête qui étaient dans la dynastie impériale, mais que réprouve le sentiment d’une nation républicaine, [le citoyen Courbet] émet le vœu que le gouvernement de la Défense nationale veuille bien l’autoriser à déboulonner cette colonne. [1], ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'The De-Politicization of Gustave Courbet: Transformation and Rehabilitation under the Third Republic.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 116–127. ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 349–350. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Perrot, Philippe (1996). Fashioning the Bourgeoisie: A History of Clothing in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-691-00081-6.  ^ Sarmant, Thierry; Luce Gaume (2003). La Place Vendôme: art, pouvoir et fortune (in French). Paris: Action artistique de la ville de Paris. p. 250.  ^ Chéruit, 21 place Vendôme, Paris, website

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(Paris).

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
and its history Comité Vendôme
Vendôme
(in French)

Coordinates: 48°52′03″N 2°19′46″E / 48.86750°N 2.32944°E / 48.86750; 2.32944

v t e

Tourism in Paris

Landmarks

Arc de Triomphe Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
du Carrousel Arènes de Lutèce Bourse Catacombs Conciergerie Eiffel Tower Flame of Liberty Grand Palais
Grand Palais
and Petit Palais Institut de France Jeanne d'Arc Les Invalides Louvre
Louvre
Pyramid Luxor Obelisk Odéon Opéra Bastille Opéra Garnier Panthéon Philharmonie de Paris Porte Saint-Denis Porte Saint-Martin Sorbonne Tour Montparnasse

Museums

Bibliothèque nationale Carnavalet Centre Pompidou/Beaubourg Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie Jeu de Paume Louis Vuitton Foundation Musée des Arts Décoratifs Musée des Arts et Métiers Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris Musée Cognacq-Jay Musée Grévin Musée Guimet Maison de Victor Hugo Musée Jacquemart-André Musée du Louvre Musée Marmottan Monet Musée de Montmartre Musée National d'Art Moderne Musée national Eugène Delacroix Musée national Gustave Moreau Musée national des Monuments Français Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Musée national du Moyen Âge Musée de l'Orangerie Musée d'Orsay Musée Pasteur Musée Picasso Musée du quai Branly Musée Rodin Palais de la Légion d'Honneur

Musée de la Légion d'honneur

Musée de la Vie Romantique

Religious buildings

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral American Cathedral American Church Chapelle expiatoire Grand Mosque Grand Synagogue La Madeleine Notre-Dame de Paris Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Sacré-Cœur Saint Ambroise Saint-Augustin Saint-Étienne-du-Mont Saint-Eustache Saint-François-Xavier Saint-Germain-des-Prés Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois Saint-Gervais-Saint-Protais Saint-Jacques Tower Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis Saint-Pierre de Montmartre Saint-Roch Saint-Sulpice Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Sainte-Chapelle Sainte-Clotilde Sainte-Trinité Temple du Marais Val-de-Grâce

Hôtels particuliers and palaces

Élysée Palace Hôtel de Beauvais Hôtel de Charost Hôtel de Crillon Hôtel d'Estrées Hôtel de la Païva Hôtel de Pontalba Hôtel de Sens Hôtel de Soubise Hôtel de Sully Hôtel de Ville Hôtel Lambert Hôtel Matignon Luxembourg Palace
Luxembourg Palace
(Petit Luxembourg) Palais Bourbon Palais de Justice Palais-Royal

Areas, bridges, streets and squares

Avenue Foch Avenue George V Champ de Mars Champs-Élysées Covered passages

Galerie Véro-Dodat Choiseul Panoramas Galerie Vivienne Havre Jouffroy Brady

Latin Quarter Le Marais Montmartre Montparnasse Place Dauphine Place de la Bastille Place de la Concorde Place de la Nation Place de la République Place Denfert-Rochereau Place des États-Unis Place des Pyramides Place des Victoires Place des Vosges Place du Carrousel Place du Châtelet Place du Tertre Place Saint-Michel Place Vendôme Pont Alexandre III Pont d'Iéna Pont de Bir-Hakeim Pont des Arts Pont Neuf Rive Gauche Rue de Rivoli Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré Saint-Germain-des-Prés Trocadéro

Parks and gardens

Bois de Boulogne Bois de Vincennes Jardin d'Acclimatation Jardin du Luxembourg Parc des Buttes Chaumont Parc Montsouris Tuileries Garden

Cemeteries

Montmartre
Montmartre
Cemetery Montparnasse
Montparnasse
Cemetery Passy Cemetery Père Lachaise Cemetery Picpus Cemetery

Région parisienne

Chantilly La Défense

Grande Arche

Disneyland Paris Écouen Fontainebleau France Miniature Malmaison Musée de l’air et de l’espace Musée Fragonard d'Alfort Parc Astérix Provins Rambouillet La Roche-Guyon Basilica of St Denis Saint-Germain-en-Laye Sceaux Stade de France U Arena Vaux-le-Vicomte Palace and Gardens of Versailles Vincennes

Events and traditions

Bastille Day military parade Fête de la Musique Nuit Blanche Paris Air Show Paris-Plages Republican Guard

Other

Le Bateau-Lavoir La Ruche Café des 2 Moulins Café Procope Les Deux Magots Maxim's Moulin de la Galette Moulin Rouge

Related

Paris Musées Axe historique

Paris Métro Bateaux Mouches

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 295453

.
Place Vendôme


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Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(French pronunciation: ​[plas vɑ̃dom]) is a square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France, located to the north of the Tuileries Gardens
Tuileries Gardens
and east of the Église de la Madeleine. It is the starting point of the Rue de la Paix. Its regular architecture by Jules Hardouin-Mansart
Jules Hardouin-Mansart
and pedimented screens canted across the corners give the rectangular Place Vendôme
Vendôme
the aspect of an octagon. The original Vendôme
Vendôme
Column at the centre of the square was erected by Napoleon I to commemorate the Battle of Austerlitz; it was torn down on 16 May 1871, by decree of the Paris Commune, but subsequently re-erected and remains a prominent feature on the square today.

Contents

1 History 2 The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column 3 Features 4 Hôtels particuliers 5 In culture 6 Notable residents 7 Metro station 8 Notes 9 External links

History[edit]

Place Vendôme, ca. 1890–1900

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was laid out in 1702 as a monument to the glory of the armies of Louis XIV, the Grand Monarque and called Place des Conquêtes, to be renamed Place Louis le Grand, when the conquests proved temporary; an over life-size equestrian statue of the king was set up in its centre, donated by the city authorities; this was by François Girardon
François Girardon
(1699) and is supposed to have been the first large modern equestrian statue to be cast in a single piece. It was destroyed in the French Revolution; however, there is a small version in the Louvre.[1] This led to the popular joke that while Henri IV dwelled among the people by the Pont Neuf, and Louis XIII
Louis XIII
among the aristocrats of the Place des Vosges, Louis XIV
Louis XIV
preferred the company of the tax farmers in the Place Vendôme; each reflecting the group they had favoured in life.[2]

The Foire Saint-Ovide around 1770 by Jacques-Gabriel Huquier, (musée de la Révolution française).

The site of the square was formerly the hôtel of César, duc de Vendôme, the illegitimate son of Henry IV and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Hardouin-Mansart bought the building and its gardens, with the idea of converting it into building lots as a profitable speculation. The plan did not materialize, and Louis XIV's minister of finance, Louvois, purchased the piece of ground, with the object of building a square, modelled on the successful Place des Vosges
Place des Vosges
of the previous century. Louvois came into financial difficulties and nothing came of his project, either. After his death, the king purchased the plot and commissioned Hardouin-Mansart to design a housefront that the buyers of plots round the square would agree to adhere to. When the state finances ran low, the financier John Law took on the project, built himself a residence behind one of the façades, and the square was complete by 1720, just as his paper-money Mississippi bubble burst. Law suffered a major blow when he was forced to pay back taxes amounting to some tens of millions of dollars. With no way to pay such an amount, he was forced to sell the property he owned on the square. The buyers were members of the exiled Bourbon-Condé family who later returned to the country to reclaim their land in the town of Vendôme itself. Between 1720 and 1797, they acquired much of the square, including a freehold to parts of the site on which the Hôtel Ritz Paris now stands and in which they still maintain apartments. Their intention to restore a family palace on the site is dependent on the possible intentions of the adjacent Justice Ministry to expand its premises. The Foire Saint-Ovide settled in 1764 on the place until 1771. The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column[edit]

The column Vendôme

The original column was started in 1806 at Napoleon's direction and completed in 1810. It was modelled after Trajan's Column, to celebrate the victory of Austerlitz; its veneer of 425 spiralling bas-relief bronze plates was made out of cannon taken from the combined armies of Europe, according to his propaganda (the usual figure given is hugely exaggerated: 180 cannon were actually captured at Austerlitz.[3]) These plates were designed by the sculptor Pierre-Nolasque Bergeret and executed by a team of sculptors including Jean-Joseph Foucou, Louis-Simon Boizot, François Joseph Bosio, Lorenzo Bartolini, Claude Ramey, François Rude, Corbet, Clodion, Julie Charpentier, and Henri-Joseph Ruxthiel.[citation needed] A statue of Napoleon, bare-headed, crowned with laurels and holding a sword in his right hand and a globe surmounted with a statue of Victory (as in Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker) in his left hand, was placed atop the column.[citation needed] In 1816, taking advantage of the Allied occupying force, a mob of men and horses had attached a cable to the neck of the statue of Napoleon atop the column, but it had refused to budge – one woman quipped "If the Emperor is as solid on his throne as this statue is on its column, he's nowhere near descending the throne".[citation needed] After the Bourbon Restoration
Bourbon Restoration
the statue, though not the column, was pulled down and melted down to provide the bronze for the recast equestrian statue of Henry IV on the Pont Neuf
Pont Neuf
(as was bronze from sculptures on the Column of the Grande Armée
Column of the Grande Armée
at Boulogne-sur-Mer), though the statuette of Victory is still to be seen in the salon Napoléon of the Hôtel des Monnaies (which also contains a model of the column and a likeness of Napoleon's face copied from his death mask).[citation needed] A replacement statue of Napoléon in modern dress (a tricorn hat, boots and a redingote), however, was erected by Louis-Philippe, and a better, more augustly classicizing one by Louis-Napoléon (later Napoléon III).[4] During the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
in 1871, the painter Gustave Courbet, president of the Federation of Artists and elected member of the Commune,[5] who had previously expressed his dismay that this monument to war was located on the Rue de la Paix, proposed that the column be disassembled and preserved at the Hôtel des Invalides. Courbet argued that:

Communards pose with the statue of Napoléon I from the toppled Vendôme
Vendôme
column, 1871

“ In as much as the Vendôme
Vendôme
column is a monument devoid of all artistic value, tending to perpetuate by its expression the ideas of war and conquest of the past imperial dynasty, which are reproved by a republican nation's sentiment, citizen Courbet expresses the wish that the National Defense government will authorise him to disassemble this column.[6] ”

His project as proposed was not adopted, though on 12 April 1871 legislation was passed authorizing the dismantling of the imperial symbol. When the column was taken down on 16 May its bronze plates were preserved. After the suppression of the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
by Adolphe Thiers, the decision was made to rebuild the column with the statue of Napoléon restored at its apex. For his role in the Commune, Courbet was condemned to pay the costs of rebuilding the monument, estimated at 323,000 francs, in yearly installments of 10,000 francs. Unable to pay, Courbet went into self-imposed exile in Switzerland, the French government seized and sold the artist's paintings for a minor amount, and Courbet died in exile in December 1877.[7][8] In 1874, the column was re-erected at the center of Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with a copy of the original statue on top.[citation needed] An inner staircase leading to the top is no longer open to the public.[citation needed] Features[edit] At the centre of the square's long sides, Hardouin-Mansart's range of Corinthian pilasters breaks forward under a pediment, to create palace-like fronts. The arcading of the formally rusticated ground floors does not provide an arcaded passageway as at Place des Vosges. The architectural linking of the windows from one floor to the next, and the increasing arch of their windowheads, provide an upward spring to the horizontals formed by ranks of windows. Originally the square was accessible by a single street and preserved an aristocratic quiet, except when the annual fair was held there. Then Napoléon opened the rue de la Paix, and the 19th century filled the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with traffic. It was only after the opening in 1875 of the Palais Garnier on the other side of the rue de la Paix that the centre of the Parisian fashionable life started gravitating around the rue de la Paix and the Place Vendôme.[9] Hôtels particuliers[edit] Hôtels particuliers
Hôtels particuliers
on the Place Vendôme:

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 Vendôme Column

N°1 : Hôtel Bataille de Francès N°3 : Hôtel de Coëtlogon N°5 : Hôtel d'Orsigny N°7 : Hôtel Lebas de Montargis N°9 : Hôtel de Villemaré N°11 : Hôtel de Simiane N°13 : Hôtel de Bourvallais N°15 : Hôtel de Gramont N°17 : Hôtel de Crozat N°19 : Hôtel d'Évreux N°21 : Hôtel de Fontpertuis N°23 : Hôtel de Boullongne

N°2 : Hôtel Marquet de Bourgade N°4 : Hôtel Heuzé de Vologer N°6 : Hôtel Thibert des Martrais N°8 : Hôtel Delpech de Chaunot N°10 : Hôtel de Latour-Maubourg N°12 : Hôtel Baudard de Saint-James N°14 : Hôtel de La Fare N°16 : Hôtel Moufle N°18 : Hôtel Duché des Tournelles N°20 : Hôtel de Parabère N°22 : Hôtel de Ségur N°24 : Hôtel de Boffrand N°26 : Hôtel de Noce N°28 : Hôtel Gaillard de la Bouëxière

In culture[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
has been renowned for its fashionable and deluxe hotels such as the Ritz. Many famous dress designers have had their salons in the square. The only two remaining are the shirtmaker Charvet, at number 28, whose store has been on the Place since 1877,[10] and the couturier Chéruit, at number 21, reestablished in 2008.[11] Since 1718, the Ministry of Justice, also known as the "Chancellerie", is located at the Hotel de Bourvallais located at numbers 11 and 13. Right on the other side of the Place, number 14 houses the Paris office of JP Morgan, the investment bank, and number 20 the office of Ardian (formerly AXA Private Equity). After his death in 1990, American artist Keith Haring
Keith Haring
was cremated and his ashes were sprinkled out on a hillside near Kutztown. Except for one handful, that Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
brought to the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
because she believed the spirit of Haring had told her to. In the 1920s, American architect, Alonzo C. Webb worked making advertisements and designs in English for some of the fashionable houses along the Place Vendôme. Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was a 1998 movie by Nicole Garcia
Nicole Garcia
starring Catherine Deneuve.

Panoramic view of Place Vendôme

Notable residents[edit]

Abel-François Poisson, marquis de Marigny, (1727–1781), the brother of Madame de Pompadour, at 8, Place Vendôme Claude Dupin, (1686–1769), the financier and contracted tax-collector (fermier-général), at 10, Place Vendôme Augustin Blondel de Gagny (1695—1776), art collector Samuel Jean de Pozzi, (1846–1918), the surgeon and gynecologist, at 10, Place Vendôme Frédéric Chopin, (1810–1849), the Polish composer, at 12, Place Vendôme, where he died. Coco Chanel, (1883–1971), the fashion designer, at 15, Place Vendôme, (the Hôtel Ritz Paris) Franz Mesmer, (1734–1815), the German physician and discoverer of animal magnetism, at 16, Place Vendôme Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione (1837–1899), the former mistress of Napoleon III, lived in seclusion from the 1870s until the 1890s at 26, Place Vendôme, above Boucheron Prince Jefri Bolkiah, in the 1990s

Metro station[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
is:

___

Located near the Métro stations: Opéra, Pyramides, Madeleine and Tuileries.

It is served by lines .

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
by night

Notes[edit]

^ Louvre
Louvre
picture ^ Walks in Paris ^ Chandler, David G. (1995). The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 320.  ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 303–305. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'Courbet, The Commune and the Visual Arts.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 84–94. ^ "Attendu que la colonne Vendôme
Vendôme
est un monument dénué de toute valeur artistique, tendant à perpétuer par son expression les idées de guerre et de conquête qui étaient dans la dynastie impériale, mais que réprouve le sentiment d’une nation républicaine, [le citoyen Courbet] émet le vœu que le gouvernement de la Défense nationale veuille bien l’autoriser à déboulonner cette colonne. [1], ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'The De-Politicization of Gustave Courbet: Transformation and Rehabilitation under the Third Republic.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 116–127. ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 349–350. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Perrot, Philippe (1996). Fashioning the Bourgeoisie: A History of Clothing in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-691-00081-6.  ^ Sarmant, Thierry; Luce Gaume (2003). La Place Vendôme: art, pouvoir et fortune (in French). Paris: Action artistique de la ville de Paris. p. 250.  ^ Chéruit, 21 place Vendôme, Paris, website

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(Paris).

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
and its history Comité Vendôme
Vendôme
(in French)

Coordinates: 48°52′03″N 2°19′46″E / 48.86750°N 2.32944°E / 48.86750; 2.32944

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 295453

.
l> Place Vendôme


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Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(French pronunciation: ​[plas vɑ̃dom]) is a square in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France, located to the north of the Tuileries Gardens
Tuileries Gardens
and east of the Église de la Madeleine. It is the starting point of the Rue de la Paix. Its regular architecture by Jules Hardouin-Mansart
Jules Hardouin-Mansart
and pedimented screens canted across the corners give the rectangular Place Vendôme
Vendôme
the aspect of an octagon. The original Vendôme
Vendôme
Column at the centre of the square was erected by Napoleon I to commemorate the Battle of Austerlitz; it was torn down on 16 May 1871, by decree of the Paris Commune, but subsequently re-erected and remains a prominent feature on the square today.

Contents

1 History 2 The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column 3 Features 4 Hôtels particuliers 5 In culture 6 Notable residents 7 Metro station 8 Notes 9 External links

History[edit]

Place Vendôme, ca. 1890–1900

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was laid out in 1702 as a monument to the glory of the armies of Louis XIV, the Grand Monarque and called Place des Conquêtes, to be renamed Place Louis le Grand, when the conquests proved temporary; an over life-size equestrian statue of the king was set up in its centre, donated by the city authorities; this was by François Girardon
François Girardon
(1699) and is supposed to have been the first large modern equestrian statue to be cast in a single piece. It was destroyed in the French Revolution; however, there is a small version in the Louvre.[1] This led to the popular joke that while Henri IV dwelled among the people by the Pont Neuf, and Louis XIII
Louis XIII
among the aristocrats of the Place des Vosges, Louis XIV
Louis XIV
preferred the company of the tax farmers in the Place Vendôme; each reflecting the group they had favoured in life.[2]

The Foire Saint-Ovide around 1770 by Jacques-Gabriel Huquier, (musée de la Révolution française).

The site of the square was formerly the hôtel of César, duc de Vendôme, the illegitimate son of Henry IV and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Hardouin-Mansart bought the building and its gardens, with the idea of converting it into building lots as a profitable speculation. The plan did not materialize, and Louis XIV's minister of finance, Louvois, purchased the piece of ground, with the object of building a square, modelled on the successful Place des Vosges
Place des Vosges
of the previous century. Louvois came into financial difficulties and nothing came of his project, either. After his death, the king purchased the plot and commissioned Hardouin-Mansart to design a housefront that the buyers of plots round the square would agree to adhere to. When the state finances ran low, the financier John Law took on the project, built himself a residence behind one of the façades, and the square was complete by 1720, just as his paper-money Mississippi bubble burst. Law suffered a major blow when he was forced to pay back taxes amounting to some tens of millions of dollars. With no way to pay such an amount, he was forced to sell the property he owned on the square. The buyers were members of the exiled Bourbon-Condé family who later returned to the country to reclaim their land in the town of Vendôme itself. Between 1720 and 1797, they acquired much of the square, including a freehold to parts of the site on which the Hôtel Ritz Paris now stands and in which they still maintain apartments. Their intention to restore a family palace on the site is dependent on the possible intentions of the adjacent Justice Ministry to expand its premises. The Foire Saint-Ovide settled in 1764 on the place until 1771. The Vendôme
Vendôme
Column[edit]

The column Vendôme

The original column was started in 1806 at Napoleon's direction and completed in 1810. It was modelled after Trajan's Column, to celebrate the victory of Austerlitz; its veneer of 425 spiralling bas-relief bronze plates was made out of cannon taken from the combined armies of Europe, according to his propaganda (the usual figure given is hugely exaggerated: 180 cannon were actually captured at Austerlitz.[3]) These plates were designed by the sculptor Pierre-Nolasque Bergeret and executed by a team of sculptors including Jean-Joseph Foucou, Louis-Simon Boizot, François Joseph Bosio, Lorenzo Bartolini, Claude Ramey, François Rude, Corbet, Clodion, Julie Charpentier, and Henri-Joseph Ruxthiel.[citation needed] A statue of Napoleon, bare-headed, crowned with laurels and holding a sword in his right hand and a globe surmounted with a statue of Victory (as in Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker) in his left hand, was placed atop the column.[citation needed] In 1816, taking advantage of the Allied occupying force, a mob of men and horses had attached a cable to the neck of the statue of Napoleon atop the column, but it had refused to budge – one woman quipped "If the Emperor is as solid on his throne as this statue is on its column, he's nowhere near descending the throne".[citation needed] After the Bourbon Restoration
Bourbon Restoration
the statue, though not the column, was pulled down and melted down to provide the bronze for the recast equestrian statue of Henry IV on the Pont Neuf
Pont Neuf
(as was bronze from sculptures on the Column of the Grande Armée
Column of the Grande Armée
at Boulogne-sur-Mer), though the statuette of Victory is still to be seen in the salon Napoléon of the Hôtel des Monnaies (which also contains a model of the column and a likeness of Napoleon's face copied from his death mask).[citation needed] A replacement statue of Napoléon in modern dress (a tricorn hat, boots and a redingote), however, was erected by Louis-Philippe, and a better, more augustly classicizing one by Louis-Napoléon (later Napoléon III).[4] During the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
in 1871, the painter Gustave Courbet, president of the Federation of Artists and elected member of the Commune,[5] who had previously expressed his dismay that this monument to war was located on the Rue de la Paix, proposed that the column be disassembled and preserved at the Hôtel des Invalides. Courbet argued that:

Communards pose with the statue of Napoléon I from the toppled Vendôme
Vendôme
column, 1871

“ In as much as the Vendôme
Vendôme
column is a monument devoid of all artistic value, tending to perpetuate by its expression the ideas of war and conquest of the past imperial dynasty, which are reproved by a republican nation's sentiment, citizen Courbet expresses the wish that the National Defense government will authorise him to disassemble this column.[6] ”

His project as proposed was not adopted, though on 12 April 1871 legislation was passed authorizing the dismantling of the imperial symbol. When the column was taken down on 16 May its bronze plates were preserved. After the suppression of the Paris Commune
Paris Commune
by Adolphe Thiers, the decision was made to rebuild the column with the statue of Napoléon restored at its apex. For his role in the Commune, Courbet was condemned to pay the costs of rebuilding the monument, estimated at 323,000 francs, in yearly installments of 10,000 francs. Unable to pay, Courbet went into self-imposed exile in Switzerland, the French government seized and sold the artist's paintings for a minor amount, and Courbet died in exile in December 1877.[7][8] In 1874, the column was re-erected at the center of Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with a copy of the original statue on top.[citation needed] An inner staircase leading to the top is no longer open to the public.[citation needed] Features[edit] At the centre of the square's long sides, Hardouin-Mansart's range of Corinthian pilasters breaks forward under a pediment, to create palace-like fronts. The arcading of the formally rusticated ground floors does not provide an arcaded passageway as at Place des Vosges. The architectural linking of the windows from one floor to the next, and the increasing arch of their windowheads, provide an upward spring to the horizontals formed by ranks of windows. Originally the square was accessible by a single street and preserved an aristocratic quiet, except when the annual fair was held there. Then Napoléon opened the rue de la Paix, and the 19th century filled the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
with traffic. It was only after the opening in 1875 of the Palais Garnier on the other side of the rue de la Paix that the centre of the Parisian fashionable life started gravitating around the rue de la Paix and the Place Vendôme.[9] Hôtels particuliers[edit] Hôtels particuliers
Hôtels particuliers
on the Place Vendôme:

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 Vendôme Column

N°1 : Hôtel Bataille de Francès N°3 : Hôtel de Coëtlogon N°5 : Hôtel d'Orsigny N°7 : Hôtel Lebas de Montargis N°9 : Hôtel de Villemaré N°11 : Hôtel de Simiane N°13 : Hôtel de Bourvallais N°15 : Hôtel de Gramont N°17 : Hôtel de Crozat N°19 : Hôtel d'Évreux N°21 : Hôtel de Fontpertuis N°23 : Hôtel de Boullongne

N°2 : Hôtel Marquet de Bourgade N°4 : Hôtel Heuzé de Vologer N°6 : Hôtel Thibert des Martrais N°8 : Hôtel Delpech de Chaunot N°10 : Hôtel de Latour-Maubourg N°12 : Hôtel Baudard de Saint-James N°14 : Hôtel de La Fare N°16 : Hôtel Moufle N°18 : Hôtel Duché des Tournelles N°20 : Hôtel de Parabère N°22 : Hôtel de Ségur N°24 : Hôtel de Boffrand N°26 : Hôtel de Noce N°28 : Hôtel Gaillard de la Bouëxière

In culture[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
has been renowned for its fashionable and deluxe hotels such as the Ritz. Many famous dress designers have had their salons in the square. The only two remaining are the shirtmaker Charvet, at number 28, whose store has been on the Place since 1877,[10] and the couturier Chéruit, at number 21, reestablished in 2008.[11] Since 1718, the Ministry of Justice, also known as the "Chancellerie", is located at the Hotel de Bourvallais located at numbers 11 and 13. Right on the other side of the Place, number 14 houses the Paris office of JP Morgan, the investment bank, and number 20 the office of Ardian (formerly AXA Private Equity). After his death in 1990, American artist Keith Haring
Keith Haring
was cremated and his ashes were sprinkled out on a hillside near Kutztown. Except for one handful, that Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
brought to the Place Vendôme
Vendôme
because she believed the spirit of Haring had told her to. In the 1920s, American architect, Alonzo C. Webb worked making advertisements and designs in English for some of the fashionable houses along the Place Vendôme. Place Vendôme
Vendôme
was a 1998 movie by Nicole Garcia
Nicole Garcia
starring Catherine Deneuve.

Panoramic view of Place Vendôme

Notable residents[edit]

Abel-François Poisson, marquis de Marigny, (1727–1781), the brother of Madame de Pompadour, at 8, Place Vendôme Claude Dupin, (1686–1769), the financier and contracted tax-collector (fermier-général), at 10, Place Vendôme Augustin Blondel de Gagny (1695—1776), art collector Samuel Jean de Pozzi, (1846–1918), the surgeon and gynecologist, at 10, Place Vendôme Frédéric Chopin, (1810–1849), the Polish composer, at 12, Place Vendôme, where he died. Coco Chanel, (1883–1971), the fashion designer, at 15, Place Vendôme, (the Hôtel Ritz Paris) Franz Mesmer, (1734–1815), the German physician and discoverer of animal magnetism, at 16, Place Vendôme Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione (1837–1899), the former mistress of Napoleon III, lived in seclusion from the 1870s until the 1890s at 26, Place Vendôme, above Boucheron Prince Jefri Bolkiah, in the 1990s

Metro station[edit] The Place Vendôme
Vendôme
is:

___

Located near the Métro stations: Opéra, Pyramides, Madeleine and Tuileries.

It is served by lines .

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
by night

Notes[edit]

^ Louvre
Louvre
picture ^ Walks in Paris ^ Chandler, David G. (1995). The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 320.  ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 303–305. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'Courbet, The Commune and the Visual Arts.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 84–94. ^ "Attendu que la colonne Vendôme
Vendôme
est un monument dénué de toute valeur artistique, tendant à perpétuer par son expression les idées de guerre et de conquête qui étaient dans la dynastie impériale, mais que réprouve le sentiment d’une nation républicaine, [le citoyen Courbet] émet le vœu que le gouvernement de la Défense nationale veuille bien l’autoriser à déboulonner cette colonne. [1], ^ Linda Nochlin. 2007. 'The De-Politicization of Gustave Courbet: Transformation and Rehabilitation under the Third Republic.' in Courbet. New York: Thames & Hudson. pp. 116–127. ^ King, Ross (2006). The Judgement of Paris. New York: Walker and Company. pp. 349–350. ISBN 9780802715166.  ^ Perrot, Philippe (1996). Fashioning the Bourgeoisie: A History of Clothing in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-691-00081-6.  ^ Sarmant, Thierry; Luce Gaume (2003). La Place Vendôme: art, pouvoir et fortune (in French). Paris: Action artistique de la ville de Paris. p. 250.  ^ Chéruit, 21 place Vendôme, Paris, website

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Place Vendôme
Vendôme
(Paris).

Place Vendôme
Vendôme
and its history Comité Vendôme
Vendôme
(in French)

Coordinates: 48°52′03″N 2°19′46″E / 48.86750°N 2.32944°E / 48.86750; 2.32944

v t e

Tourism in Paris

Landmarks

Arc de Triomphe Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
du Carrousel Arènes de Lutèce Bourse Catacombs Conciergerie Eiffel Tower Flame of Liberty Grand Palais
Grand Palais
and Petit Palais Institut de France Jeanne d'Arc Les Invalides Louvre
Louvre
Pyramid Luxor Obelisk Odéon Opéra Bastille Opéra Garnier Panthéon Philharmonie de Paris Porte Saint-Denis Porte Saint-Martin Sorbonne Tour Montparnasse

Museums

Bibliothèque nationale Carnavalet Centre Pompidou/Beaubourg Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie Jeu de Paume Louis Vuitton Foundation Musée des Arts Décoratifs Musée des Arts et Métiers Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris Musée Cognacq-Jay Musée Grévin Musée Guimet Maison de Victor Hugo Musée Jacquemart-André Musée du Louvre Musée Marmottan Monet Musée de Montmartre Musée National d'Art Moderne Musée national Eugène Delacroix Musée national Gustave Moreau Musée national des Monuments Français Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Musée national du Moyen Âge Musée de l'Orangerie Musée d'Orsay Musée Pasteur Musée Picasso Musée du quai Branly Musée Rodin Palais de la Légion d'Honneur

Musée de la Légion d'honneur

Musée de la Vie Romantique

Religious buildings

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral American Cathedral American Church Chapelle expiatoire Grand Mosque Grand Synagogue La Madeleine Notre-Dame de Paris Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Sacré-Cœur Saint Ambroise Saint-Augustin Saint-Étienne-du-Mont Saint-Eustache Saint-François-Xavier Saint-Germain-des-Prés Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois Saint-Gervais-Saint-Protais Saint-Jacques Tower Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis Saint-Pierre de Montmartre Saint-Roch Saint-Sulpice Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Sainte-Chapelle Sainte-Clotilde Sainte-Trinité Temple du Marais Val-de-Grâce

Hôtels particuliers and palaces

Élysée Palace Hôtel de Beauvais Hôtel de Charost Hôtel de Crillon Hôtel d'Estrées Hôtel de la Païva Hôtel de Pontalba Hôtel de Sens Hôtel de Soubise Hôtel de Sully Hôtel de Ville Hôtel Lambert Hôtel Matignon Luxembourg Palace
Luxembourg Palace
(Petit Luxembourg) Palais Bourbon Palais de Justice Palais-Royal

Areas, bridges, streets and squares

Avenue Foch Avenue George V Champ de Mars Champs-Élysées Covered passages

Galerie Véro-Dodat Choiseul Panoramas Galerie Vivienne Havre Jouffroy Brady

Latin Quarter Le Marais Montmartre Montparnasse Place Dauphine Place de la Bastille Place de la Concorde Place de la Nation Place de la République Place Denfert-Rochereau Place des États-Unis Place des Pyramides Place des Victoires Place des Vosges Place du Carrousel Place du Châtelet Place du Tertre Place Saint-Michel Place Vendôme Pont Alexandre III Pont d'Iéna Pont de Bir-Hakeim Pont des Arts Pont Neuf Rive Gauche Rue de Rivoli Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré Saint-Germain-des-Prés Trocadéro

Parks and gardens

Bois de Boulogne Bois de Vincennes Jardin d'Acclimatation Jardin du Luxembourg Parc des Buttes Chaumont Parc Montsouris Tuileries Garden

Cemeteries

Montmartre
Montmartre
Cemetery Montparnasse
Montparnasse
Cemetery Passy Cemetery Père Lachaise Cemetery Picpus Cemetery

Région parisienne

Chantilly La Défense

Grande Arche

Disneyland Paris Écouen Fontainebleau France Miniature Malmaison Musée de l’air et de l’espace Musée Fragonard d'Alfort Parc Astérix Provins Rambouillet La Roche-Guyon Basilica of St Denis Saint-Germain-en-Laye Sceaux Stade de France U Arena Vaux-le-Vicomte Palace and Gardens of Versailles Vincennes

Events and traditions

Bastille Day military parade Fête de la Musique Nuit Blanche Paris Air Show Paris-Plages Republican Guard

Other

Le Bateau-Lavoir La Ruche Café des 2 Moulins Café Procope Les Deux Magots Maxim's Moulin de la Galette Moulin Rouge

Related

Paris Musées Axe historique

Paris Métro Bateaux Mouches

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 295453

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