Piro Pueblo


Piro Pueblo : The Piros (not to be confused with the Piros of the
Ucayali The Ucayali River ( es, Río Ucayali, ) is the main headstream of the Amazon River The Amazon River (, ; es, Río Amazonas, pt, Rio Amazonas) in South America South America is a continent entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mos ...
basin in
Peru , , image_flag = Flag_of_Peru.svg , image_coat = Escudo_nacional_del_Perú.svg , other_symbol = Great Seal of the State , other_symbol_type = Seal (device), National seal , national_mott ...

) are a
Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
Pueblo people The Puebloans or Pueblo peoples, are Native Americans in the Southwestern United States who share common agricultural, material, and religious practices. Pueblo, which means "village" in Spanish, was a term originating with the Colonial Spanis ...
whose ancestors lived in a number of
pueblo In the Southwestern United States The Southwestern United States, also known as the American Southwest or simply the Southwest, is a geographic and cultural list of regions of the United States, region of the United States that generally inc ...

s in the
Rio Grande The Rio Grande ( and ), known in Mexico as the Río Bravo del Norte and as the Río Bravo, is one of the principal river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another r ...

Rio Grande
Valley around modern Socorro,
New Mexico ) , population_demonym = New Mexican ( es, Neomexicano, Neomejicano, Nuevo Mexicano) , seat = Santa Fe , LargestCity = Albuquerque , LargestMetro = Greater Albuquerque , OfficialLang = None , Languages = English English usually refer ...

New Mexico
USA The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country primarily located in North America North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and a ...

. The now extinct Piro language is in the family of
Tiwa languages Tiwa (Spanish language, Spanish ''Tigua'', also ''E-nagh-magh'') is a group of two, possibly three, related Tanoan languages spoken by the Tiwa people, Tiwa Puebloan peoples, Pueblo, and possibly Piro Pueblo, in the United States, U.S. state of N ...
. Some Piros were hospitable to the first
Spanish colonists
Spanish colonists
who arrived in 1598. As a result, the Spanish gave first one, then another, Piro pueblo the name ''Socorro'', which means "aid" or "help" (in case of problems or difficulties). In later years, however, the Piros like most other Pueblo groups suffered increasingly from the strains of colonial rule. Local rebellions broke out on several occasions in the 1660s and 1670s, but the Spaniards always retained the upper hand. By the time of the
Pueblo Revolt The Pueblo Revolt of 1680, also known as Popé's Rebellion or Popay's Rebellion, was an uprising of most of the indigenous Pueblo people The Puebloans or Pueblo peoples, are Native Americans in the Southwestern United States who share common ...
of 1680, the Piro communities had declined to such an extent that the famous rebellion took place without them. Several hundred Piros (and Tiwas) accompanied the fleeing Spaniards south to El Paso del Norte (present-day
Ciudad Juárez Ciudad Juárez ( ; ''Juarez City''. ) is the most populous city in the Mexican state The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States Me ...

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); others scattered and joined other Pueblo groups. None of the Piro pueblos were ever resettled by the original inhabitants. Today, the Piro people are part of the Piro- Manso-Tiwa Tribe of San Juan de Guadalupe Pueblo in
Las Cruces, New Mexico Las Cruces (; "the crosses") is the second-largest city in the U.S. state of New Mexico and the county seat, seat of Doña Ana County, New Mexico, Doña Ana County. As of the 2020 United States Census, 2020 census the population was 111,385. Las ...
as well as in Tortugas Pueblo. Currently, there is a long-term archaeological project at the Piro pueblo of Tzelaqui/Sevilleta north of present-day Socorro.

Piro pueblos

* Teypana * Pilabó *San Pascual Pueblo *Senecú

See also

* Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge * Tompiro Indians

External links

''La provincia de los Piros''

Further reading

Bletzer, Michael P., 'The First Province of that Kingdom': Notes on the Colonial History of the Piro Area. ''New Mexico Historical Review'' 88(4): 437-459 (2013) / Bletzer, Michael P., A House for Fray Alonso: The Search for Pilabo Pueblo and the First Piro Mission, Nuestra Senora del Socorro. ''El Palacio'' 120(3): 34-37 (2015) / Marshall, Michael P., and Henry J. Walt, ''Rio Abajo: Prehistory and History of a Rio Grande Province'' (Santa Fe: New Mexico Historic Preservation Division, 1984.) {{authority control Native American tribes in New Mexico Tanoan languages Tiwa Languages of the United States Indigenous languages of the North American Southwest Puebloan buildings and structures