(approximate number of species in parentheses)
Pinales in the division Pinophyta, class Pinopsida,
comprises all the extant conifers. This order used to be known as the
The distinguishing characteristic is the reproductive structure known
as a cone produced by all Pinales. All of the extant conifers, such as
cedar, celery-pine, cypress, fir, juniper, larch, pine, redwood,
spruce, and yew, are included here. Some fossil conifers, however,
belong to other distinct orders within the division Pinophyta.
The yews had been separated into a distinct order of their own
(Taxales), but genetic evidence indicates yews are monophyletic with
other conifers and they are now included in the Pinales.
The families included are the Araucariaceae, Cephalotaxaceae,
Cupressaceae, Pinaceae, Podocarpaceae, Sciadopityaceae, and
^ Christenhusz, Maarten J.M.; Reveal, James L.; Farjon, Aljos;
Gardner, Martin F.; Mill, Robert R.; Chase, Mark W. (2011). "A new
classification and linear sequence of extant gymnosperms" (PDF).
Phytotaxa. 19: 55–70.
^  Zip code Zoo Archived November 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.