PHILIPPINA "PINA" BAUSCH (27 July 1940 – 30 June 2009) was a
German performer of modern dance , choreographer, dance teacher and
ballet director. With her unique style, a blend of movement, sound,
and prominent stage sets, and with her elaborate collaboration with
performers during the development of a piece (a style now known as
Tanztheater ), she became a leading influence in the field of modern
dance from the 1970s on. She created the company Tanztheater
* 1 Early life
* 2 Career
Bausch was born in Solingen , the third and youngest child of August and Anita Bausch, who owned a restaurant with guest rooms. The restaurant provided Pina with a venue to start performing at a very young age. She would perform for all of the guests in the hotel. It was then that her parents saw her potential.
At age 15, Pina was accepted into the
After graduation in 1959, Bausch left Germany with a scholarship from
German Academic Exchange Service to continue her studies at the
In 1962, Bausch joined Jooss' new Folkwang-Ballett (Folkwang Ballet) as a soloist and assisted Jooss on many of the pieces. In 1968, she choreographed her first piece, Fragmente (Fragments), to music by Béla Bartók . In 1969, she succeeded Jooss as artistic director of the company.
TANZTHEATER WUPPERTAL PINA BAUSCH
In 1973, Bausch started as artistic director of the
Her best-known dance-theatre works include the melancholic Café Müller (1978), in which dancers stumble around the stage crashing into tables and chairs. Bausch had most of the dancers perform this piece with their eyes closed. The thrilling Frühlingsopfer (The Rite of Spring ) (1975) required the stage to be completely covered with soil. She stated: "It is almost unimportant whether a work finds an understanding audience. One has to do it because one believes that it is the right thing to do. We are not only here to please, we cannot help challenging the spectator."
One of the themes in her work was relationships. She had a very
specific process in which she went about creating emotions.
"Improvisation and the memory of own experiences ... she asks
questions-about parents, childhood, feelings in specific situations,
the use of objects, dislikes, injuries, aspirations. From the answers
develop gestures, sentences, dialogues, little scenes". The dancer is
free to choose any expressive mode, whether it is verbal or physical
when answering these questions. It is with this freedom that the
dancer feels secure in going deep within themselves. When talking
about her process she stated, “There is no book. There is no set.
There is no music. There is only life and us. It's absolutely
frightening to do a work when you have nothing to hold on to”. She
stated, “In the end, it's composition. What you do with things.
There's nothing there to start with. There are only answers:
sentences, little scenes someone's shown you. It's all separate to
start with. Then at a certain point I'll take something which I think
is right and join it to something else. This with that, that with
something else. One thing with various other things. And by the time
I've found the next thing is right, then the little thing I had is
already a lot bigger." Poster in front of Schauspielhaus
Male-female interaction is a theme found throughout her work, which
has been an inspiration for—and reached a wider audience
Talk to Her , directed by
In 1983, she played the role of La Principessa Lherimia in Federico
Fellini 's film
And the Ship Sails On . The
In 2009, Bausch started to collaborate with film director Wim Wenders on a 3D documentary, Pina . The film premiered at the Berlin Film Festival in 2011.
Bausch was married to Dutch-born Rolf Borzik , a set and costume designer who died of leukemia in 1980. Later that year she met Ronald Kay, and in 1981 they had a son, Rolf-Salomon T.
AWARDS AND HONOURS
Among the honours awarded to Bausch are the UK's Laurence Olivier
Award and Japan's
Kyoto Prize . She was awarded the Deutscher
Tanzpreis in 1995. In 1999 she was the recipient of the Europe Theatre
Prize . In 2008 the city of
Frankfurt am Main
Works by Bausch were staged in June and July 2012 as a highlight of the Cultural Olympiad preceding the Olympic Games 2012 in London. The works were created when Bausch was invited to visit and stay in 10 global locations – in India, Brazil, Palermo, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Budapest, Istanbul, Santiago, Rome and Japan – between 1986 and 2009. Seven of the works have not been seen in the UK.
Bausch died on 30 June 2009 in
The same year choreographer and experimental theatre maker Dimitris Papaioannou created a piece called Nowhere to inaugurate the renovated Main Stage of the Greek National Theatre in Athens. The show’s central and most prolific scene was dedicated to the memory of Pina Bausch and involved performers linking arms and stripping naked a man and woman.
Wenders' documentary, Pina , was released in late 2011 in the United States, and is dedicated to her memory.
INFLUENCE ON OTHER ARTISTS
Bausch's style has influenced performers such as David Bowie , who designed part of his 1987 Glass Spider Tour with Bausch in mind. For the tour, Bowie "wanted to bridge together some kind of symbolist theater and modern dance" and used Bausch's early work as a guideline.
INFLUENCE ON POPULAR CULTURE
Promotional trailers for the third season of American Horror Story: Coven included a clip for the episode "Detention" were likely influenced by Bausch's work Blaubart. Stills from the performance and the episode show a group of women seemingly defying gravity as they cling to the walls high above the ground, toes pointed down and hands pressed above them. The photo of Bausch's performance was previously released on Reddit as well as Twitter with the implication that it was from a Russian mental institution, but its source was quickly identified.
The following table shows works since 1973. Several of Pina Bausch's
works were announced as Tanzabend because she chose a title late in
the development of a work. The typical subtitle from 1978 was Stück
The details about the music for the works until 1986 follow a book by Raimund Hoghe who was dramaturg in Wuppertal.
YEAR TITLE SUBTITLE TRANSLATION MUSIC NOTES
1973 Fritz Tanzabend
by Gustav Mahler and Wolfgang Hufschmidt
Iphigenie auf Tauris Tanzoper Iphigenia in Tauris Gluck's opera Iphigenie auf Tauris
1974 Zwei Krawatten
Choreography of a revue
Ich bring' dich um die Ecke Schlagerballett I'll do you in Dance music after old Schlager ambiguous title
Adagio Fünf Lieder von Gustav Mahler Adagio / Five songs by Gustav Mahler Mahler's Five songs
1975 Orpheus und Eurydike Tanzoper
Gluck's opera Orpheus und Eurydike
Wind von West
Der zweite Frühling
Le Sacre du Printmps The Rite of Spring
The Rite of Spring
Die sieben Todsünden
Die sieben Todsünden der Kleinbürger
Fürchtet Euch nicht The Seven Deadly Sins
The Seven Deadly Sins , music:
1977 Blaubart Beim Anhören einer Tonbandaufnahme von Béla Bartóks Oper Herzog Blaubarts Burg, Stück von Pina Bausch Bluebeard / while listening to a taped recording of Béla Bartók's opera Duke Bluebeard's Castle, a piece by Pina Bausch Bartók's opera Bluebeard\'s Castle
Komm tanz mit mir Stück unter Verwendung von alten Volksliedern Come dance with me, piece using old folk songs old folk songs
Renate wandert aus Operette von Pina Bausch Renate emigrates Schlager , Songs, Evergreens
1978 Er nimmt sie an der Hand und führt sie in sein Schloss, die anderen folgen ... Stück von Pina Bausch He takes her by the hand and leads her into the castle, the others follow ...
Café Müller Stück von Pina Bausch
Court of contact Schlager of the 1930s, a.o. ambiguous title
1980 1980 – Ein Stück von Pina Bausch
Bandoneon Stück von Pina Bausch
Tangoes , sung a.o. by Carlos Gardel
Auf dem Gebirge hat man ein Geschrei gehört
Stück von Pina Bausch
On the mountain a cry was heard
Heinrich Schütz ,
1985 Two Cigarettes in the Dark Stück von Pina Bausch
1986 Viktor Stück von Pina Bausch
Folk music from Lombardy, Tuscany, Southern Italy, Sardinia and Bolivia, medieval dance music, Russian Waltz, music from New Orleans, dance music of the 1930s, music by Tchaikovsky, Buxtehude, Dvořák and Khachaturian, a.o.
1989 Palermo Palermo
1991 Tanzabend II
Dance Evening II
1993 Das Stück mit dem Schiff
The Piece with the Ship
1994 Ein Trauerspiel
1996 Nur Du
1997 Der Fensterputzer
The window washer
1998 Masurca Fogo
1999 O Dido
Kontakthof – Mit Damen und Herren ab 65
Kontakthof – with men and women of age 65 and up
Portuguese for "Water"
2002 Für die Kinder von gestern, heute und morgen
For the children of yesterday, today, and tomorrow
Turkish for "Breath"
2004 Ten Chi
2005 Rough Cut
2007 Bamboo Blues
2008 Sweet Mambo
Kontakthof – Mit Teenagern ab 14
Kontakthof, with teenagers 14 years and up
2009 ... como el musguito en la piedra, ay si, si, si ...
... like the moss on the stone ...
* 1980 Die Generalprobe. Documentary. Dir.:
Werner Schroeter .
* 1983 What Are
PINA BAUSCH\'S NELKEN (CARNATIONS), 2005
* ^ According to some sources her birth name was Philippine, in:
Pina Bausch. "Tanzen gegen die Angst". (Dancing against fear)
Ullstein, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-548-60259-2 , p. 27
Nach Angaben der Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung lautet ihr Name auf
dem Taufschein Philippina Bausch, in: Gudrun Norbisrath: "Die Welt ist
ärmer ohne Pina Bausch", Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, 1. Juli
2009 * ^ A B Itzkoff, Dave (30 June 2009). "