HistoryOn March 25, 1822, state officials decided to build a new county seat named " ", below the mouth of the Russell Fork River. Public disapproval of the site led a new decision on December 24, 1823, to establish the county seat on land donated by local farmer Elijah Adkins. This settlement was established as the town of Pike after the Pike County, Kentucky, county in 1824. This was changed in 1829 to Piketon and the town was incorporated under that name in 1848. In 1850, this was changed to the present Pikeville. Pikeville was host to a part of the Hatfield-McCoy feud, and patriarch Randolph McCoy, Randall McCoy as well as his wife and daughter are buried on a hillside overlooking the town.Rennick, Robert. ''Kentucky Place Names''
GeographyPikeville is located at (37.477094, −82.530111). According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city covers a total land area of , all land. As of March 2009, Pikeville set its new city limits to be 0.3-mile from its county line. This significantly affected the city of Coal Run Village, which was previously on the city limit of Pikeville. The city is located in the Appalachian Mountains, along the Levisa Fork of the Big Sandy River (Ohio River), Big Sandy River. The downtown area is built in a narrow valley in a bend of the Levisa Fork that was bypassed in 1987 with the completion of the Pikeville Cut-Through, while places such as Weddington Square Plaza are built in a broader part of the river valley.
DemographicsAs of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,903 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 92.1% White, 2.7% Black, 0.1% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.0% from some other race and 1.4% from two or more races. 1.7% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,295 people, 2,705 households, and 1,563 families living in the city. The population density was 408.0 people per square mile (157.5/km2). There were 2,981 housing units at an average density of 193.2 per square mile (74.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.58% Race (U.S. Census), White, 2.64% Race (U.S. Census), African American, 0.17% Race (U.S. Census), Native American, 1.25% Race (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.05% Race (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 0.25% from Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Race (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Race (U.S. Census), Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population. There were 2,763 households, out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.2% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.88. In the city, the population was spread out, with 22.2% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $22,026, and the median income for a family was $36,792. Males had a median income of $42,298 versus $19,306 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,426. About 21.2% of families and 25.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.7% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.
EducationThose schools located within the Pikeville city limits include an asterisk. The remainder are located within Pike County and are part of the Pike County Schools (Kentucky), Pike County Public School System, but outside of the city limits.
Elementary schools* *Pikeville Elementary School * *St. Francis of Assisi School * Christ Central School * Myra Christian Academy * Mullins Elementary School * Millard Elementary School * Dorton Elementary School * Johns Creek Elementary School * Elkhorn City Elementary School * Kimper Elementary School * Bevins Elementary School * Feds Creek Elementary School * Northpoint Academy * Phelps Day Treatment Center * Phelps Elementary School * Shelby Valley Day Treatment Center * Belfry Elementary School * Valley Elementary School
Middle schools* *Pikeville Jr. High School * Belfry Middle School * Valley Middles School * Dorton Middle School * Phelps Middle School * Johns Creek School * Mullins Middle School * Elkhorn City Middle School * Feds Creek Middle School * Millard Middle School * Kimper Middle School
High schoolsFive high schools are served by the Pikeville post office, but only Pikeville High is located within the city limits. * Pikeville High School, *Pikeville High School — part of the Pikeville Independent Schools, whose district covers the city proper * Belfry High School — part of the Pike County Schools (Kentucky), Pike County Public School System * Pike County Central High School — part of the Pike County Schools (Kentucky), Pike County Public School System *Phelps High School — part of the Pike County Schools (Kentucky), Pike County Public School System * Shelby Valley High School — part of the Pike County Schools (Kentucky), Pike County Public School System * East Ridge High School (Kentucky), East Ridge High School — part of the Pike County Schools (Kentucky), Pike County Public School System
Colleges* University of Pikeville, a private 4-year institution affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (USA), is located in Pikeville. The college is one of the smallest in the nation to have an Osteopathic medicine in the United States, osteopathic medicine program as part of its curriculum. Founded in May 1996, the University of Pikeville Kentucky College of Osteopathic Medicine is one of three medical schools in the state of Kentucky. *National College of Business & Technology, National College * Big Sandy Community and Technical College
LibraryA Pack Horse Library Project, pack horse library was established for library services in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Pikeville has a public library, lending library, a branch of the Pike County Public Library.
Arts and cultureHillbilly Days is an annual festival held in mid-April in Pikeville, Kentucky celebrating the best of Appalachian culture. The event began by local Shriners as a fundraiser to support the Shriners Children's Hospital. It has grown since its beginning in 1976 and now is the second largest festival held in the state of Kentucky. Artists and craftspeople showcase their talents and sell their works on display. Nationally renowned musicians as well as the best of the regional mountain musicians share six different stages located throughout the downtown area of Pikeville. Want-to-be hillbillies from across the nation compete to come up with the wildest Hillbilly outfit. Fans of "mountain music" come from around the United States to hear this annual concentrated gathering of talent. The festival embraces the area's culture and past through company, music, and costume. The proceeds from the festival go to Shriners Hospitals for Children. The festival serves to honor and recognize the heritage of Appalachia, while poking fun at the stereotype associated with the region. In the fall of 2005 the Eastern Kentucky Expo Center, Appalachian Wireless Arena opened in downtown Pikeville. The center, which seats 7,000, features numerous events including world-renowned concerts and shows. The city is also home to the Pikeville Concert Association which secures renowned cultural events for the area. These events usually take place at Booth Auditorium on the campus of the University of Pikeville. In the Summer of 2014, Jenny Wiley Theatre opened a 200-seat indoor professional theater in downtown Pikeville. The Hatfield and McCoy River Trails, located on the Levisa Fork River, opened on April 26, 2014. Construction of a new zipline complex began in September 2014 in Bob Amos Park. The project cost $500,000 and opened in April 2015. Alltech of Lexington completed construction of a distillery, brewery and visitors center known as Dueling Barrels Brewery & Distillery which opened in downtown in 2018. The name was inspired by the Hatfield–McCoy feud, Hatfield-McCoy Feud, and the tour includes story tellers describing those events in addition to an explanation of the brewing and distilling processes.
Sister cities* Ankang, Shaanxi, China
Notable people*Woody Blackburn, professional golfer *Natasha Cornett, American murderer *Robert Damron, professional golfer *Murray Garvin, basketball head coach, South Carolina State University men's basketball *Patty Loveless, country music singer *John W. Langley, American politician *Katherine G. Langley, American politician *Jerry Layne, MLB umpire *Randolph McCoy, Randolph (Randall) McCoy, Patriarch of McCoy family during the Hatfield-McCoy Feud *Mark Reynolds (baseball), Mark Reynolds, baseball player for Colorado Rockies *John Paul Riddle, self taught aviator and co-founder of Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University *Jack Smith (pitcher), Jack Smith, baseball player for Los Angeles Dodgers *Effie Waller Smith, poet *Preston Spradlin, basketball head coach, Morehead State Eagles men's basketball, Morehead State *Jonny Venters, baseball player for Washington Nationals *Dwight Yoakam, country singer-songwriter, actor, and film director
See also* Hillbilly Days * Pikeville Cut-Through * Pike County Airport (Kentucky), Pike County Airport * Pikeville High School * University of Pikeville * Pikeville Medical Center * Eastern Kentucky Expo Center * Big Sandy Heritage Center * East Kentucky Miners