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Pier Luigi Nervi
Pier Luigi Nervi
(21 June 1891 – 9 January 1979) was an Italian engineer and architect. He studied at the University of Bologna graduating in 1913; Dr Nervi taught as a professor of engineering at Rome
Rome
University from 1946 to 1961 and is known worldwide as a structural engineer and architect and for his innovative use of reinforced concrete.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Civil engineering works 3 Engineer
Engineer
and architect 4 International projects 5 Noted works 6 Awards 7 Publications 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Biography[edit] Pier Luigi Nervi
Pier Luigi Nervi
was born in Sondrio
Sondrio
and attended the Civil Engineering School of Bologna
Bologna
from which he graduated in 1913; his formal education was quite similar to that experienced today by Italian civil engineering students. After graduating he joined the Society for Concrete Construction and, during World War I
World War I
from 1915 to 1918, he served in the Corps of Engineering of the Italian Army. From 1961 to 1962 he was the Norton professor at Harvard University. Civil engineering works[edit] Nervi began practicing civil engineering after 1923. His projects in the 1930s included several airplane hangars that were important for his development as an engineer. A set of hangars in Orvieto
Orvieto
(1935) were built entirely out of reinforced concrete, and a second set in Orbetello
Orbetello
and Torre del Lago
Torre del Lago
(1939) improved the design by using a lighter roof, precast ribs, and a modular construction method.[1] During the 1940s he developed ideas for reinforced concrete which helped in the rebuilding of many buildings and factories throughout Western Europe, and even designed and created a boat hull that was made of reinforced concrete as a promotion for the Italian government. Nervi also stressed that intuition should be used as much as mathematics in design, especially with thin shell structures.[citation needed] He borrowed from both Roman and Renaissance
Renaissance
architecture while applying ribbing and vaulting to improve strength and eliminate columns. He combined simple geometry and prefabrication to innovate design solutions. Engineer
Engineer
and architect[edit] Pier Luigi Nervi
Pier Luigi Nervi
was educated and practised as a ingegnere edile (translated as "building engineer") – in Italy, at the time (and to a lesser degree also today), a building engineer might also be considered an architect. After 1932, his aesthetically pleasing designs were used for major projects. This was due to the booming number of construction projects at the time which used concrete and steel in Europe and the architecture aspect took a step back to the potential of engineering. Nervi successfully made reinforced concrete the main structural material of the day. Nervi expounded his ideas on building in four books (see below) and many learned papers. Archeological excavations suggested that he may have some responsibilities for the Flaminio stadium foundations passing through ancient Roman tombs.[2] International projects[edit] Most of his built structures are in his native Italy, but he also worked on projects abroad. Nervi's first project in the United States was the George Washington Bridge Bus Station. He designed the roof which consists of triangle pieces which were cast in place. This building is still used today by over 700 buses and their passengers. Noted works[edit]

The Tour de la Bourse
Tour de la Bourse
in Montreal
Montreal
(1964)

Stadio Artemio Franchi, Florence
Florence
(1931) Ugolino Golf House, Impruneta, Italy
Italy
(1934) (collaborating with Gherardo Bosio) Torino Esposizioni, Turin, Italy
Italy
(1949). UNESCO
UNESCO
headquarters, Paris
Paris
(1950) (collaborating with Marcel Breuer and Bernard Zehrfuss) The Pirelli Tower, Milan
Milan
(1950) (collaborating with Gio Ponti) Palazzo dello sport EUR (now PalaLottomatica), Rome
Rome
(1956) Palazzetto dello sport, Rome
Rome
(1958) Stadio Flaminio, Rome
Rome
(1957) Palazzo del Lavoro (it), Turin
Turin
(1961) Palazzetto dello sport, Turin
Turin
(1961) Sacro Cuore (Bell Tower), Firenze (1962) Paper Mill, Mantua, Italy
Italy
(1962) George Washington Bridge Bus Station, New York City
New York City
(1963) Australia Square tower, Sydney (1964) Architect: Harry Seidler & Associates Tour de la Bourse, Montreal
Montreal
(1964) (collaborating with Luigi Moretti) Field House at Dartmouth College Sede Centrale della Banca del Monte di Parma, Parma (1968, collaboration with Giovanni Ponti, Antonio Fornaroli, and Alberto Rosselli) Edmund Barton Building (also published as Trade Group Offices), Canberra (1970), Australia. Architect
Architect
Harry Seidler & Associates MLC Centre, Sydney (1973) Architect: Harry Seidler & Associates Thompson Arena
Thompson Arena
at Dartmouth College
Dartmouth College
(1973–74) Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Assumption, San Francisco, California (1967) (collaborating with Pietro Belluschi) Paul VI Audience Hall, Vatican City
Vatican City
(1971) Australian Embassy, Paris
Paris
(1973) Consulting engineer. Architect. Harry Seidler & Associates Good Hope Centre, Cape Town
Cape Town
(1976) by Studio Nervi, an exhibition hall and conference centre, with the exhibition hall comprising an arch with tie-beam on each of the four vertical facades and two diagonal arches supporting two intersecting barrel-like roofs which in turn were constructed from pre-cast concrete triangular coffers with in-situ concrete beams on the edges. Norfolk Scope, Norfolk, VA
Norfolk, VA
(1971)

Pirelli Tower

Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Assumption

Norfolk Scope

George Washington Bridge Bus Station

Awards[edit] Pier Luigi Nervi
Pier Luigi Nervi
was awarded Gold Medals by the Institution of Structural Engineers in the UK, the American Institute of Architects ( AIA Gold Medal
AIA Gold Medal
1964) and the RIBA. In 1957, received the Frank P. Brown Medal of The Franklin Institute and the Wilhelm Exner Medal. Publications[edit]

Scienza o arte del costruire? Bussola, Rome, 1945. Costruire correttamente, Hoepli, Milan, 1954. Structures, Dodge, New York, 1958. Aesthetics and Technology in Building. Cambridge, Mass, Harvard, 1966.

See also[edit]

Thin-shell structure

References[edit]

^ Leslie, Thomas (3 January 2014). "nervi hangars". architecturefarm. Archived from the original on 2014-01-29. Retrieved 4 October 2017.  ^ Six Nations 2011: Stadio Flaminio
Stadio Flaminio
dig to reveal Roman 'City of the Dead' at guardian.co.uk

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pier Luigi Nervi.

Works by or about Pier Luigi Nervi
Pier Luigi Nervi
at Internet Archive Pier Luigi Nervi
Pier Luigi Nervi
information at Structurae Ing. Nervi Pier Luigi. Fascismo - Architettura - Arte / Arte fascista web site Pierluigi Nervi e l'arte di costruire, Fausto Giovannardi, Borgo San Lorenzo (Florence) Italy
Italy
2008 NerViLab at Sapienza University, Rome Pier Luigi Nervi
Pier Luigi Nervi
Project http://www.silvanaeditoriale.it/catalogo/prodotto.asp?id=3015, catalogue to the international travelling exhibition "Pier Luigi Nervi Architecture
Architecture
as Challenge, edited by Cristiana Chiorino and Carlo Olmo, Milan, 2010

v t e

IStructE Gold Medal winners

Henry Adams (1922) John Baker (1953) Eugène Freyssinet (1957) Hardy Cross (1958) Félix Candela
Félix Candela
(1960) William Glanville (1962) John Guthrie Brown (1964) Pier Luigi Nervi
Pier Luigi Nervi
(1967) Alfred Pugsley (1968) Knud Johansen (1971) Yves Guyon (1972) Ove Arup
Ove Arup
(1973) Charles Husband
Charles Husband
(1973) Fritz Leonhardt
Fritz Leonhardt
(1975) Oleg Kerensky (1977) Nathan M. Newmark
Nathan M. Newmark
(1979) Riccardo Morandi
Riccardo Morandi
(1980) Alec Skempton (1981) Alan Harris (1984) Frank Newby
Frank Newby
(1985) Michael Horne (1986) Alan Garnett Davenport (1987) Anthony Flint (1988) Gerhard Jack Zunz (1988) Jörg Schlaich (1990) Edmund Happold (1991) Olgierd Zienkiewicz (1991) Santiago Calatrava
Santiago Calatrava
(1992) Anthony Hunt (1994) Michel Virlogeux
Michel Virlogeux
(1996) John Burland
John Burland
(1997) F. Michael Burdekin (1997) William Ian Liddell (1999) Duncan Michael (2000) Cheng Hon Kwan (2001) Sam Thorburn (2003) Leslie E. Robertson (2004) John Roberts (2005) Roger Johnson (2006) Joseph Locke (2007) Mike Glover
Mike Glover
(2008) David A. Nethercot (2009) William F. Baker (engineer)
William F. Baker (engineer)
(2010) Allan Mann (2011) Paul Westbury (2012) Chris Wise (2012) Man-Chung Tang (2013) Mike Schlaich (2015)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 71453417 LCCN: n82037196 ISNI: 0000 0001 2138 7927 GND: 118587021 SUDOC: 031680607 BNF: cb12284966t (data) ULAN: 500115469 HDS: 27392 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV57179 RKD: 315

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