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Piazza della Signoria
Piazza della Signoria
(Italian pronunciation: [ˈpjattsa della siɲɲoˈriːa]) is an L-shaped square in front of the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, Italy. It was named after the Palazzo della Signoria, also called Palazzo Vecchio. It is the main point of the origin and history of the Florentine Republic
Florentine Republic
and still maintains its reputation as the political focus of the city.[1] It is the meeting place of Florentines as well as the numerous tourists, located near Palazzo Vecchio and Piazza del Duomo and gateway to Uffizi
Uffizi
Gallery.

Contents

1 Buildings

1.1 Palazzo Vecchio 1.2 Loggia dei Lanzi 1.3 Tribunale della Mercanzia 1.4 Palazzo Uguccioni 1.5 Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali 1.6 Other palaces

2 Statues 3 Gallery 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Buildings[edit] The impressive 14th-century Palazzo Vecchio
Palazzo Vecchio
is still preeminent with its crenellated tower. The square is also shared with the Loggia della Signoria, the Uffizi
Uffizi
Gallery, the Palace of the Tribunale della Mercanzia (1359) (now the Bureau of Agriculture), and the Palazzo Uguccioni (1550, with a facade attributed to Raphael, who however died thirty years before its construction). Located in front of the Palazzo Vecchio is the Palace of the Assicurazioni Generali
Palace of the Assicurazioni Generali
(1871, built in Renaissance style).

Panorama of the piazza

Palazzo Vecchio[edit]

Palazzo Vecchio

The Palazzo Vecchio
Palazzo Vecchio
("Old Palace") is the town hall of the city. This massive, Romanesque, crenellated fortress-palace is among the most impressive town halls of Tuscany.[2] Overlooking the square with its copy of Michelangelo's David
Michelangelo's David
statue as well the gallery of statues in the adjacent Loggia dei Lanzi, it is one of the most significant public places in Italy, and it hosts cultural points and museums. Originally called the Palazzo della Signoria, after the Signoria of Florence, the ruling body of the Republic of Florence, it was also given several other names: Palazzo del Popolo, Palazzo dei Priori, and Palazzo Ducale, in accordance with the varying use of the palace during its long history. The building acquired its current name when the Medici duke's residence was moved across the Arno to the Palazzo Pitti. Loggia dei Lanzi[edit]

Loggia dei Lanzi

The Loggia dei Lanzi
Loggia dei Lanzi
consists of wide arches open to the street, three bays wide and one bay deep. The arches rest on clustered pilasters with Corinthian capitals. The wide arches appealed so much to the Florentines, that Michelangelo
Michelangelo
even proposed that they should be continued all around the Piazza della Signoria[citation needed]. The vivacious construction of the Loggia is in stark contrast with the severe architecture of the Palazzo Vecchio. It is effectively an open-air sculpture gallery of antique and Renaissance art
Renaissance art
including the Medici lions. Tribunale della Mercanzia[edit] The Tribunale della Mercanzia (Tribunal of Merchandise) is a building where in the past lawyers judged in the trial between merchants. Here was a porch painted by Taddeo Gaddi, Antonio del Pollaiolo
Antonio del Pollaiolo
and Sandro Botticelli, today stored in the Uffizi
Uffizi
gallery. Palazzo Uguccioni[edit] Built for Giovanni Uguccioni since 1550, its design has been variously attributed to Raphael, Michelangelo, Bartolomeo Ammannati
Bartolomeo Ammannati
or Raffaello da Montelupo. Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali[edit] The Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali was designed in the Neo-Renaissance
Neo-Renaissance
style in 1871, and is one of the very few purpose-built commercial buildings in the centre of the city. On the ground floor of this palace is the historical cafè Rivoire. Other palaces[edit] Other palaces are the palazzo dei Buonaguisi and the palazzo dell'Arte dei Mercatanti. Statues[edit]

The statues in front of the Palazzo Vecchio.

Painting of Savonarola's execution in the Piazza della Signoria

Various imposing statues ring this square including:

Copy of Michelangelo's David.[3] at the entrance of the Palazzo Vecchio; the original by Michelangelo
Michelangelo
is housed in the Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts. Equestrian Monument of Cosimo I, honoring Cosimo I de' Medici and sculpted by Giambologna
Giambologna
(1594) Fountain of Neptune by Bartolomeo Ammannati
Bartolomeo Ammannati
(1575)[4] Il Marzocco, (the Lion) with a copy of the "Florentine Lily", originally made by Donatello
Donatello
(copy) Judith and Holofernes, by Donatello
Donatello
(copy)[3] Hercules and Cacus, by Bandinelli
Bandinelli
(1533)[3] The Rape of the Sabine Women, in the Loggia dei Lanzi
Loggia dei Lanzi
by Giambologna Perseus with the Head of Medusa, in the Loggia dei Lanzi
Loggia dei Lanzi
by Cellini (1554) Medici lions, by Fancelli and Vacca (1598)

The piazza was already a central square in the original Roman town Florentia, surrounded by a theatre, Roman baths and a workshop for dyeing textiles. Later there was a church San Romolo, a loggia and an enormous 5th-century basilica. This was shown by the archaeological treasures found beneath the square when it was repaved in the 1980s. Even remains of a Neolithic
Neolithic
site were found. The square started taking shape from 1268 on, when houses of Ghibellines were pulled down by the victorious Guelphs. The square remained a long time untidy, full of holes. In 1385 it was paved for the first time. In 1497 Girolamo Savonarola and his followers carried out on this square the famous Bonfire of the Vanities, burning in a large pile books, gaming tables, fine dresses, and works of poets. In front of the fountain of Neptune, a round marble plaque marks the exact spot where Girolamo Savonarola was hanged and burned on May 23, 1498.[5] Gallery[edit]

Some of the statues in the piazza, including a copy of David

Piazza della Signoria
Piazza della Signoria
with Palazzo Vecchio

Full view of the Piazza from the Loggia dei Lanzi
Loggia dei Lanzi
terrace

The square with Cosimo I de' Medici's statue

A reproduction of Michelangelo's statue David—The original is housed in the Galleria dell'Accademia

Bartolommeo Bandinelli's Hercules and Cacus

Benvenuto Cellini's statue Perseus With the Head of Medusa

Donatello's statue Judith and Holofernes

Giambologna's The Rape of the Sabine Women

Fountain of Neptune

The square

Panoramic view of piazza della Signoria

Play media

Video of the perimeter

References[edit]

^ Florence: The City Layout. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007.  ^ Style is referred to as Gothic Archived 2007-06-24 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c Vecchio, Palazzo. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007.  ^ Ammannati, Bartolommeo. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007.  ^ Italy: Savonarola. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. 

Further reading[edit]

Piccolomini, Mandrefi (Nov 1989). "See Italy
Italy
before it's too late". ArtNews: 190. ISSN 0004-3273. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Piazza della Signoria.

Virtual Tour of Piazza della Signoria

v t e

Tourism in Florence

Religious sites

Basilicas

Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore S Lorenzo

Medici Chapel

S Croce

Baroncelli and Pazzi Chapels

S Maria Novella

Tornabuoni Chapel

SS Annunziata S Marco S Miniato al Monte S Maria del Carmine

Brancacci Chapel

S Trinita

Bartolini Salimbeni Chapel Sassetti Chapel

S Spirito

Churches

Badia Fiorentina Battistero di San Giovanni S Mary of the Angels Certosa Orsanmichele Ognissanti Oratorio dei Vanchetoni Oratory of Gesù Pellegrino Oratory of S Thomas Aquinas San Frediano in Cestello S Gaetano S Giovannino degli Scolopi S Giovannino dei Cavalieri S Jacopo sopr'Arno S Salvatore al Vescovo S Ambrogio S Felicita Santa Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi S Maria Maggiore S Martino del Vescovo Ss Apostoli S Pancrazio S Salvi Ss Simone e Giuda S Stefano al Ponte

Other

Great Synagogue

Museums, galleries and palaces

Bargello Casa Buonarroti Casa Guidi Galleria dell'Accademia

David

Garden of Archimedes Loggia del Bigallo Loggia del Mercato Nuovo Loggia del Pesce Loggia Rucellai Museo dell'Opera del Duomo Museo Galileo Museo Nazionale Alinari della Fotografia Museo Nazionale di San Marco Museo di Storia Naturale di Firenze

La Specola

National Archaeological Museum Orsanmichele Ospedale degli Innocenti Palazzo dell'Arte dei Beccai Palazzo Davanzati Palazzo Gondi Palazzo Medici Riccardi

Magi Chapel

Palazzo Pitti

Museo delle Porcellane

Palazzo Vecchio

Studiolo of Francesco I

Palazzo Spini Feroni Stibbert Museum Uffizi

Loggia dei Lanzi Vasari Corridor

Towers (Torri)

degli Amidei degli Alberti dei Della Bella dei Gianfigliazzi dei Mannelli dei Pulci Giotto's Campanile

Library

Biblioteca Riccardiana
Biblioteca Riccardiana
at Palazzo Medici Riccardi British Institute of Florence Gabinetto Vieusseux
Gabinetto Vieusseux
(Palazzo Strozzi) Kunsthistorisches Institut Laurentian Library National Central Library

Landmarks

Fountain of Neptune Giotto's Campanile Ponte Vecchio Monument to Dante

Theatres

Teatro Comunale Florence Teatro della Pergola Teatro Verdi

Squares

Squares of Florence Piazza del Duomo Piazza della Repubblica Piazza della Signoria Piazza Santa Croce Piazzale Michelangelo

Streets

Via Cavour Via de' Tornabuoni

Fort

Belvedere Fortezza da Basso

Gardens and parks

Boboli Gardens Giardino Bardini Giardino dell'Iris Giardino delle rose Orto Botanico di Firenze Parco delle Cascine

Villas

Medici villas

di Castello La Petraia di Careggi Medicea L'Ambrogiana del Poggio Imperiale

Gamberaia I Tatti Il Gioiello La Pietra Rusciano

Events and traditions

Calcio Fiorentino Maggio Musicale Fiorentino Scoppio del carro

Districts of Florence
Florence

.