Phra Racha Wang Derm
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Thonburi Palace, also known in Thai as Phra Racha Wang Derm ( th, พระราชวังเดิม, , literally ''former palace''), is the former royal palace of King
Taksin King Taksin the Great ( th, สมเด็จพระเจ้าตากสินมหาราช, , ) or the King of Thonburi ( th, สมเด็จพระเจ้ากรุงธนบุรี, ; ; : Dên Chao; : ''Trịnh Quốc ...
, who ruled the Siamese (
Thai Thai or THAI may refer to: * Of or from Thailand, a country in Southeast Asia ** Thai people, the dominant ethnic group of Thailand ** Thai language, a Tai-Kadai language spoken mainly in and around Thailand *** Thai script *** Thai (Unicode block) ...

Thai
) kingdom of
Thonburi __NOTOC__ 300px, The village of Thonburi, on the right (west) bank of the Chao Phraya (here in the lower left corner of the map), facing the fortress of Bangkok, during the 1688 Siege of Bangkok. Thonburi ( th, ธนบุรี) is an area o ...
following the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767 and up until the establishment of Rattanakosin in 1782. It later served as the residence of several high-ranking members of the
Chakri Dynasty
Chakri Dynasty
until 1900 when the palace became the site of the
Royal Thai Naval Academy The Royal Thai Naval Academy (Thai: โรงเรียนนายเรือ) (RTNA) was established by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) in 1898. He officially opened the academy on 20 November 1906. Originally located on the royal yacht ''Maha C ...
. The palace is now within the grounds of the
Royal Thai Navy The Royal Thai Navy ( Abrv: RTN, ทร.; th, กองทัพเรือไทย, ), Thailand ) , royal_anthem = '' Sansoen Phra Barami''( en, "Glorify His prestige") , image_map = , map_caption = , capit ...
headquarters in
Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia or Southeastern ...

Bangkok
, and is open for group visits pending advance appointment.


History

Following the
fall of Ayutthaya Autumn, also known as fall in American English and Canadian English, is one of the four temperate seasons. Outside the tropics, autumn marks the transition from summer to winter, in September (Northern Hemisphere) or March (Southern Hemisphe ...
in 1767 and subsequent Burmese withdrawal, the military leader Phraya Tak succeeded in reclaiming the cities of Ayutthaya and Thonburi (also known as Bangkok). He then established himself as king (later known as
Taksin King Taksin the Great ( th, สมเด็จพระเจ้าตากสินมหาราช, , ) or the King of Thonburi ( th, สมเด็จพระเจ้ากรุงธนบุรี, ; ; : Dên Chao; : ''Trịnh Quốc ...
) and made
Thonburi __NOTOC__ 300px, The village of Thonburi, on the right (west) bank of the Chao Phraya (here in the lower left corner of the map), facing the fortress of Bangkok, during the 1688 Siege of Bangkok. Thonburi ( th, ธนบุรี) is an area o ...

Thonburi
his new capital. He had a royal palace built within the old city walls, near the Wichayen Fort (which was renamed Wichai Prasit) on the western bank of the
Chao Phraya River The Chao Phraya ( or ) ( th, wikt:เจ้าพระยา, แม่น้ำเจ้าพระยา , or ) is the major river in Thailand, with its low alluvial plain forming the centre of the country. It flows through Bangkok and the ...
. The palace lay to the south of Wat Chaeng (now
Wat Arun Wat Arun Ratchawararam Ratchawaramahawihan ( th, วัดอรุณราชวราราม ราชวรมหาวิหาร ) or Wat Arun (, "Temple of Dawn") is a Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion ...

Wat Arun
) and northeast of Wat Thai Talat ( Wat Molilokkayaram), both Buddhist temples which were included within the palace grounds. Taksin's reign ended in 1782 when he was overthrown by the general Chao Phraya Chakri, who became king (later known as
Phutthayotfa Chulalok Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok Maharaj (), born Thongduang () and also known as Rama I (20 March 1737 – 7 September 1809), was the founder of the Rattanakosin Kingdom and the first monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College D ...
). Phutthayotfa Chulalok relocated the capital city proper to the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya ( Rattanakosin) and had a new royal palace, the
Grand Palace The Grand Palace ( th, พระบรมมหาราชวัง, Royal Institute of Thailand. (2011). ''How to read and how to write.'' (20th Edition). Bangkok: Royal Institute of Thailand. .) is a complex of buildings at the heart of Bang ...

Grand Palace
, built there. Taksin's palace then became known as Phra Racha Wang Derm, or ''former palace'', and the two royal temples were excluded from the palace grounds. As Thonburi was still strategically important, guarding Rattanakosin against invasions from the west, the king would place important royal family members, mostly their sons or brothers, at the palace. This tradition continued until the death of Prince
Chaturonrasmi Prince Chaturonrasmi, the Prince Chakkrabatradipongse ( th, สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ เจ้าฟ้าจาตุรนต์รัศมี กรมพระจักรพรรดิพงศ ...
in 1900. King
Chulalongkorn Chulalongkorn ( th, จุฬาลงกรณ์, 20 September 1853 – 23 October 1910) was the fifth monarch A monarch is a head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state ( ...

Chulalongkorn
subsequently granted ownership of the palace to the Royal Thai Navy, and the palace became the site of the Royal Thai Naval Academy until its relocation in 1944. The palace is now within the grounds of the Royal Thai Navy headquarters and is jointly managed by the Phra Racha Wang Derm Restoration Foundation. In contrast with the Grand Palace, Phra Racha Wang Derm is much smaller and simpler in its construction. Apart from the older Wichai Prasit Fort, the only original building from the Thonburi period is the Throne Hall, a Thai-style building consisting of two segments forming a ''T'' shape. Later additions include two Chinese-style residences, King Pinklao's residence, King Taksin's shrine, the Whale Head Shrine, and the (literal) Green House.


Gallery

Image:Phra Racha Wang Derm (III).jpg, Image:Phra Racha Wang Derm (II).jpg Image:WangDerm8.jpg Image:พระราชวังเดิม เขตบางกอกใหญ่ กรุงเทพมหานคร (12).JPG Image:พระราชวังเดิม เขตบางกอกใหญ่ กรุงเทพมหานคร (14).JPG Image:พระราชวังเดิม เขตบางกอกใหญ่ กรุงเทพมหานคร (33).JPG Image:พระราชวังเดิม เขตบางกอกใหญ่ กรุงเทพมหานคร (10).JPG Image:Taksin the Great.jpg


See also

*History of Bangkok


References

{{Royal palaces in Thailand Former royal residences in Bangkok Bangkok Yai District Registered ancient monuments in Bangkok Thonburi Kingdom Buildings and structures on the Chao Phraya River