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Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
International Airport (IATA: PNH, ICAO: VDPP) (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ French: Aéroport International de Phnom Penh), is the busiest airport in terms of passenger movements and largest airport in Cambodia containing land area of 400 hectares. It is located 10 kilometres (5.4 NM) west of Phnom Penh, the nation's capital.

Contents

1 History 2 Facilities 3 Airfield 4 Expansions and renovations

4.1 Expansion 4.2 Future replacement

5 Airlines and destinations

5.1 Passenger 5.2 Cargo

6 Statistics 7 International terminal profile 8 Domestic terminal profile 9 Accidents and incidents 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
airport's former name was Pochentong International Airport (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិពោធិ៍ចិនតុង). On 6 July 1995, the Royal Government of Cambodia
Cambodia
(RGC) signed a concession agreement with the French–Malaysian joint venture company Société Concessionaire d'Aéroport (SCA), to operate Phnom Penh (PNH) – Pochentong International Airport. In return for a 20-year concession, SCA—70 percent owned by Groupe GTM and 30 percent by Muhibbah Masterron of Malaysia—committed to a $100 million improvement program that includes the construction of a new runway, terminal and cargo buildings, hangars, installation of a Cat III level Instrument Landing System (ILS) and associated approach lighting. The Berger Group was selected by the RGC to provide independent engineering services during the concession, to audit the design and to advise on the practicality and cost of the concession's proposed improvements. The Berger team also supervised the initial works to accommodate widebody aircraft such as 747s, including asphalt concrete runway overlays; installation of new ILS, metrological equipment, runway lighting and generator and power systems; and construction of a new fire station, taxiway and turn-pad extensions. Following the successful completion of the initial works, the Berger team provided design review and independent engineering services for the construction of a new 20,000-square-metre (220,000 sq ft) terminal building to accommodate growing tourist traffic. The $20 million terminal building includes four mobile aerobridges, over 1000 auto parking spaces and VIP and CIP facilities. The airport also has a Dairy Queen
Dairy Queen
inside. It is one of the first international franchises that have opened up in Cambodia. Also, the first Starbucks
Starbucks
Coffee, in Cambodia, has also just been opened in the new terminal. Facilities[edit] The airport is at an elevation of 40 feet (12 m) above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 05/23 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,000 by 50 metres (9,840 ft × 160 ft).[1][2] The airport has two terminal buildings – one for international and one for domestic operations. Recently, it added a new facility for VIP service. The international terminal has 4 aerobridges built in 2003. 3 more aerobridges were added during the passenger terminal expansion in 2016-2017. The airport's design capacity is 5 million people per year. Airfield[edit]

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Cambodia
Cambodia
national air carrier Cambodia
Cambodia
Angkor Air at Phnom Penh International Airport.

Length: 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) Width: 50 metres (160 ft) Orientation: 50° – 225° (QFU 05 – 23) Pavement structure: bituminous overlay on a concrete base Perpendicular taxiways (30 metres or 98 feet wide plus shoulders 5 metres or 16 feet wide each): 5 Peak hour capacity: 20 movements (taxiways) Number of stands: 20

Concrete area: 50,000 square metres (540,000 sq ft), 10 stands Asphalt
Asphalt
area: 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft), 10 stands Total area: 70,000 square metres (750,000 sq ft)

Navigation aids and visual aids:

VOR/DME ILS Meteo

Expansions and renovations[edit]

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Expansion[edit] In 2014, Cambodia
Cambodia
Airports announced a $100 million project to expand the passenger terminals at Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
and Siem Reap international airports to accommodate continued strong passenger growth.[3] The project saw the extension of the parking lots and terminals, more check-in and immigration counters, and new baggage handling systems. Additionally, the commercial areas were enlarged to allow for more retail shops, new restaurants and food and beverage outlets, and mezzanine lounges to cater to first class and business travellers. The expansions will allow the airport to double its capacity to handle 5 million passengers a year from 2.5 million passengers. Future replacement[edit] In January 2018, the Cambodian government approved a proposal to build a new airport to serve Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
that will cost an estimated US$1.5 billion.[4] The new international airport will replace the existing Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
International Airport, with initial plans having the facilities being constructed on partially reclaimed land adjacent to Boueng Cheung Loung, a large lake in Kandal province about 30 kilometres south of Phnom Penh. Cambodia
Cambodia
Airport Investment, a joint venture 90 percent owned by Overseas Cambodia
Cambodia
Investment Corporation (OCIC), one of the country’s largest real estate developers, and 10 percent by the government’s State Secretariat of Civil Aviation, plans to invest the $1.5 billion to construct the new airport. The OCIC will invest US$280 million, while unspecified "foreign banks" will provide US$1.1 billion in funding. The OCIC will own 90 per cent of the shares in the completed airport, with the rest going to the SSCA While the construction plans are still in the early stages of development, the 4F class airport will be capable of handling large long-haul aircraft and will reportedly cover an area of around 2,600 hectares, which would make it one of the largest airports in the world. Airlines and destinations[edit] Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations

AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International

All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita

Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon

Bangkok Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

Bassaka Air Guiyang, Hangzhou, Macau, Siem Reap, Xi'an Seasonal: Changsha

Beijing Capital Airlines Haikou

Cambodia
Cambodia
Angkor Air Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Shanghai–Pudong, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville

Cambodia
Cambodia
Bayon Airlines Siem Reap

Cathay Dragon Hong Kong

China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan

China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Nanning, Shanghai–Pudong Seasonal: Nanjing, Wuhan

China Express Airlines Zhanjiang Charter: Liuzhou

China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Shenzhen Seasonal: Shantou

Emirates Dubai–International, Yangon[5]

EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan

Hainan Airlines Guangzhou,[6] Sanya

Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong

JC International Airlines Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur–International, Macau, Sapporo-Chitose (begins 1 May 2018), Siem Reap, Sihanoukville, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan

Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore

Korean Air Seoul–Incheon

Lanmei Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Hanoi, Hong Kong,[7] Macau, Siem Reap [8], Singapore (begins 20 April 2018),[9] Sihanoukville

Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International

Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International

Qatar Airways Doha, Ho Chi Minh City

Shandong Airlines Chongqing

Shenzhen Airlines Guangzhou, Shenzhen

SilkAir Singapore

Sky Angkor Airlines Charter: Datong, Siem Reap, Wuhan, Chengdu

Small Planet Airlines Cambodia Siem Reap

Spring Airlines Guangzhou,[10] Ningbo,[11] Shanghai–Pudong, Shantou,[11] Shenzhen[12]

Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang

Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

VietJet Air Ho Chi Minh City

Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Vientiane

XiamenAir Xiamen

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations

AirBridgeCargo Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Singapore

Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Penang, Singapore[13]

Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum[14]

Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk

K-Mile Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

Qatar Airways Doha

Raya Airways Kuala Lumpur–Subang, Kota Kinabalu

SF Airlines Shenzhen

Statistics[edit]

Statistics for Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
International Airport[15][16]

Year Total passengers Change from previous year Total aircraft movements Change from previous year

1998 600,000

6,000

1999 700,000

8,000

2000 800,000

9,000

2001 900,000

17,000

2002 900,000

18,000

2003 900,000

16,000

2004 1,200,000

18,000

2005 1,081,745 9.85% 17,035 5.36%

2006 1,322,267 22.23% 19,282 13.19%

2007 1,598,424 20.88% 20,881 8.29%

2008 1,691,870 5.84% 20,383 2.38%

2009 1,587,986 6.14% 20,352 0.15%

2010 1,673,421 5.38% 20,156 0.96%

2011 1,839,892 9.95% 21,365 6.0%

2012 2,077,282 12.9% 22,534 5.47%

2013 2,393,680 15.23% 26,583 17.97%

2014 2,665,894 11.37% 27,936 5.09%

2015 3,079,068 15.50% 31,409 12.43%

2016 3,388,553 10.05% 33,435 6.45%

2017 4,240,000 25.1% 41,057 22.8 %

International terminal profile[edit]

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Total capacity: 2 million passengers

Surface: 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft) Waiting lounges: 2,000 square metres (22,000 sq ft) VIP Lounge: 500 square metres (5,400 sq ft) Food & Beverage: 500 square metres (5,400 sq ft) Duty Free: 1,000 square metres (11,000 sq ft)

Seat capacity: 500 Check-in counters: 32 Visa, Immigration and Customs counters: 20 Number of gates: 7 with airbridges, 10 with bus access Baggage conveyors: 5 (International) Car parking: 500

Domestic terminal profile[edit]

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Departure side

Handling capacity Domestic Departures Terminal: 1000 passengers per hour. Floor surface Boarding gates

Arrival side (open space concept)

Floor surface Garden Total capacity: 1 million passengers/year

Accidents and incidents[edit]

On 3 December 1973, Douglas DC-3
Douglas DC-3
XW-PHV of Air Union was reported to have crashed shortly after take-off.[17] On 19 January 1975, Douglas C-47A XU-HAK, Douglas DC-3
Douglas DC-3
XU-KAL of Khmer Hansa and Douglas C-47A N86AC of South East Asia Air Transport were all destroyed in a rocket attack on the airport.[18][19][20] On 22 February 1975, Douglas C-47A XU-GAJ of Khmer Hansa was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[21] On 10 March 1975, a Douglas DC-3
Douglas DC-3
of Samaki Airlines was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[22] On 11 March 1975, a Douglas DC-3
Douglas DC-3
of Khmer Hansa was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[23] In March 1975, Vickers Viscount
Vickers Viscount
XW-TDN of Royal Air Lao
Royal Air Lao
crashed at Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
International Airport. The pilot was not qualified to fly the aircraft. All four people on board were killed.[24] Accident aircraft also reported as XW-TFK with a date of 15 March.[25] On 11 April 1975, a Douglas DC-3
Douglas DC-3
(possibly XW-PKT) of Sorya Airlines was hit by shrapnel shortly after take-off. The aircraft was destroyed by fire and two of the three occupants were killed.[26] The same day, Douglas C-47B XW-TFB of Air Cambodge
Air Cambodge
was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[27] 3 September 1997: Vietnam Airlines
Vietnam Airlines
Flight 815, operated by a Tupolev Tu-134 crashed on approach to Pochentong Airport, killing 65 of the 66 passengers on board. The aircraft was entirely destroyed. The aircraft was flying from Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City
to Phnom Penh.[28] The Tupolev was approaching the Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
airport runway in heavy rain from 2,000 meters; at this point the control tower ordered the pilot to attempt an approach from the west due to a wind pick-up. The crew then lost communication with the tower, and three minutes later the aircraft collided at low level with trees, damaging the left wing. The aircraft then slid 200 yards into a dry rice paddy before exploding. Pilot error was later identified as the cause of the crash; the pilot continued his landing descent from an altitude of 2,000 meters to 30 meters even though the runway was not in sight, and ignored pleas from his first officer and flight engineer to turn back. When the aircraft hit the trees, the pilot finally realized the runway was not in sight and tried to abort the approach; the flight engineer pushed for full power, but the aircraft lost control and veered left; the right engine then stalled, making it impossible to gain lift.[29]

See also[edit]

Aviation portal

Siem Reap International Airport Sihanoukville International Airport

References[edit]

^ Airport information for VDPP from DAFIF (effective October 2006) ^ http://www.schedule-coordination.jp/apaca/db%20pdf/cambodia1.pdf ^ https://www.cambodiadaily.com/archives/100-million-airport-expansion-project-begins-53006/ ^ http://www.phnompenhpost.com/supplements-post-property/government-approves-plan-relocate-phnom-penhs-airport ^ https://www.emirates.com/media-centre/emirates-to-offer-services-to-phnom-penh-in-cambodia ^ " Hainan Airlines
Hainan Airlines
expands Guangzhou - SE Asia routes in late-July 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 17 July 2017.  ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. " Lanmei Airlines
Lanmei Airlines
plans late-Nov 2017 Hong Kong launch". Routesonline.  ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274471/lanmei-airlines-files-preliminary-schedule-from-sep-2017/ ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. " Lanmei Airlines
Lanmei Airlines
adds Singapore service from late-April 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 14 March 2018.  ^ " Spring Airlines
Spring Airlines
adjusts planned Guangzhou international routes in Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 1 September 2016.  ^ a b " Spring Airlines
Spring Airlines
adds new Cambodia
Cambodia
routes from Dec 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 5 December 2017.  ^ " Spring Airlines
Spring Airlines
launches new Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
routes in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 24 February 2017.  ^ "Cathay to open air freight Cambodia". Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
Post. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.  ^ April 2016accessdate=7 April 2016 ^ http://www.azworldairports.com/cfm/frame.cfm?src=http://www.azworldairports.com/airports/p2720mme.htm ^ "Traffic Data". Retrieved 2015-10-05.  ^ "XW-PHV Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 August 2010.  ^ "XU-HAK Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010.  ^ "XU-KAL Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010.  ^ "N86AC Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010.  ^ "XU-GAJ Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 19 August 2010.  ^ "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010.  ^ "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010.  ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.  ^ "Vickers Viscount". BAAA/ACRO. Archived from the original on 18 May 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2009.  ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010.  ^ "XW-TFB Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010.  ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 October 2009.  ^ "VN-A120 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 May 2011. 

De Launey, Guy (6 February 2006). "Budget flights arrive in Southeast Asia", BBC.

External links[edit]

Media related to Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
International Airport at Wikimedia Commons Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
International Airport at Cambodia
Cambodia
International Airports website Current weather for VDPP at NOAA/NWS Accident history for PNH at Aviation Safety Network

v t e

Airports in Cambodia

International

Phnom Penh Siem Reap Sihanoukville

Domestic

Banlung–Ratanakiri Battambang Kampong Cham Kampong Chhnang Kampot Koh Kong Krakor Kratié Senmonorom–Mondulkiri Stung Treng Tbeng Meanchey

v t e

Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
Bus Rapid Transit stations

   Line 01

Central Market Medical University Calmette Hospital

   Line 02

Ta Khmao Toul Kok TVK Night Market

   Line 03

Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
International Airport 261 Intersection (Royal University of Phnom Penh) Central Market

.