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PHNOM PENH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (IATA : PNH, ICAO : VDPP) (Khmer : អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ French : Aéroport International de Phnom Penh), is the largest airport in Cambodia
Cambodia
containing land area of 400 hectares. It is located 10 kilometres (5.4 NM) west of Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
, the nation's capital.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Facilities * 3 Airfield * 4 Future development

* 5 Airlines and destinations

* 5.1 Passenger * 5.2 Cargo

* 6 Statistics * 7 International terminal profile * 8 Domestic terminal profile * 9 Accidents and incidents * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links

HISTORY

Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
airport's former name was POCHENTONG INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (Khmer : អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិពោធិ៍ចិនតុង).

On 6 July 1995, the Royal Government of Cambodia
Cambodia
(RGC) signed a concession agreement with the French–Malaysian joint venture company Société Concessionaire d'Aéroport (SCA), to operate Phnom Penh (PNH) – Pochentong International Airport. In return for a 20-year concession, SCA—70 percent owned by Groupe GTM and 30 percent by Muhibbah Masterron of Malaysia—committed to a $100 million improvement program that includes the construction of a new runway, terminal and cargo buildings, hangars, installation of a Cat III level Instrument Landing System (ILS) and associated approach lighting.

The Berger Group was selected by the RGC to provide independent engineering services during the concession, to audit the design and to advise on the practicality and cost of the concession's proposed improvements. The Berger team also supervised the initial works to accommodate widebody aircraft such as 747s, including asphalt concrete runway overlays; installation of new ILS, metrological equipment, runway lighting and generator and power systems; and construction of a new fire station, taxiway and turn-pad extensions.

Following the successful completion of the initial works, the Berger team provided design review and independent engineering services for the construction of a new 20,000-square-metre (220,000 sq ft) terminal building to accommodate growing tourist traffic. The $20 million terminal building includes four mobile aerobridges, over 1000 auto parking spaces and VIP and CIP facilities.

The airport also has a Dairy Queen inside. It is one of the first international franchises that have opened up in Cambodia. Also, the first Starbucks
Starbucks
Coffee, in Cambodia, has also just been opened in the new terminal.

FACILITIES

The airport is at an elevation of 40 feet (12 m) above mean sea level . It has one runway designated 05/23 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,000 by 50 metres (9,840 ft × 160 ft).

The airport has two terminal buildings – one for international and one for domestic operations. Recently, it added a new facility for VIP service. The international terminal has 4 aerobridges built in 2003 and 3 aerobridges more added during the passenger terminal expansion in 2016-2017. The airport's design capacity is 5 million people per year.

AIRFIELD

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Cambodia
Cambodia
national air carrier Cambodia
Cambodia
Angkor Air at Phnom Penh International Airport.

* Length: 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) * Width: 50 metres (160 ft) * Orientation: 50° – 225° (QFU 05 – 23) * Pavement structure: bituminous overlay on a concrete base * Perpendicular taxiways (30 metres or 98 feet wide plus shoulders 5 metres or 16 feet wide each): 5 * Peak hour capacity: 20 movements (taxiways)

* Number of stands: 20

* Concrete area: 50,000 square metres (540,000 sq ft), 10 stands * Asphalt
Asphalt
area: 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft), 10 stands * Total area: 70,000 square metres (750,000 sq ft)

* Navigation aids and visual aids:

* VOR/DME * ILS * Meteo

FUTURE DEVELOPMENT

Cambodia
Cambodia
Airports group plan to extend the Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
international airport passenger terminal building and increase the capacity of passenger visits and transit through this destination up to 3 million per year in the future. The construction started in 2013 and is expected to finish by 2017.

AIRLINES AND DESTINATIONS

PASSENGER

AIRLINES DESTINATIONS

AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International

All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita

Asiana Airlines
Asiana Airlines
Seoul–Incheon

Bangkok Airways
Bangkok Airways
Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

Bassaka Air
Bassaka Air
Guiyang , Hangzhou , Kuala Lumpur–International (begins 31 January 2018), Macau , Siem Reap , Xi\'an SEASONAL: Changsha

Beijing Capital Airlines Haikou

Cambodia
Cambodia
Angkor Air Guangzhou , Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City
, Shanghai–Pudong , Siem Reap , Sihanoukville

Cambodia
Cambodia
Bayon Airlines Siem Reap , Sihanoukville

Cathay Dragon Hong Kong

China Airlines
China Airlines
Taipei–Taoyuan

China Eastern Airlines Kunming , Nanning , Shanghai–Pudong SEASONAL: Nanjing , Wuhan

China Express Airlines Zhanjiang ‘’’Charter:’’’ Liuzhou (begins 27 December 2017)

China Southern Airlines Guangzhou , Shenzhen SEASONAL: Shantou

Emirates Dubai–International , Yangon

EVA Air
EVA Air
Taipei–Taoyuan

Hainan Airlines
Hainan Airlines
Guangzhou , Sanya

Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong

Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore

JC International Airlines
JC International Airlines
Bangkok–Don Mueang , Hong Kong , Kuala Lumpur–International , Siem Reap , Sihanoukville , Taipei–Taoyuan

Korean Air
Korean Air
Seoul–Incheon

Lanmei Airlines
Lanmei Airlines
Hanoi (begins 26 December 2017), Hong Kong , Macau , Siem Reap

Malaysia Airlines
Malaysia Airlines
Kuala Lumpur–International

Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International

Qatar Airways Doha , Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City

Shandong Airlines Chongqing

Shenzhen Airlines
Shenzhen Airlines
Shenzhen (begins 20 December 2017)

SilkAir
SilkAir
Singapore

Sky Angkor Airlines
Sky Angkor Airlines
CHATER: Wuhan

Small Planet Airlines Cambodia
Cambodia
Siem Reap

Spring Airlines
Spring Airlines
Guangzhou , Ningbo (begins 25 December 2017), Shanghai–Pudong , Shantou (begins 25 December 2017), Shenzhen

Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang

Thai Airways
Thai Airways
Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

VietJet Air Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City

Vietnam Airlines Hanoi , Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City
, Vientiane

XiamenAir Xiamen (begins 16 December 2017)

CARGO

AIRLINES DESTINATIONS

AirBridgeCargo Moscow–Sheremetyevo , Singapore

Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong , Penang , Singapore

Emirates SkyCargo
Emirates SkyCargo
Dubai–Al Maktoum

Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk

K-Mile Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

Qatar Airways Doha

Raya Airways Kuala Lumpur–Subang , Kota Kinabalu
Kota Kinabalu

SF Airlines Shenzhen

STATISTICS

Statistics for Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
International Airport YEAR TOTAL PASSENGERS CHANGE FROM PREVIOUS YEAR TOTAL AIRCRAFT MOVEMENTS CHANGE FROM PREVIOUS YEAR

1998 600,000

6,000

1999 700,000

8,000

2000 800,000

9,000

2001 900,000

17,000

2002 900,000

18,000

2003 900,000

16,000

2004 1,200,000

18,000

2005 1,081,745 9.85% 17,035 5.36%

2006 1,322,267 22.23% 19,282 13.19%

2007 1,598,424 20.88% 20,881 8.29%

2008 1,691,870 5.84% 20,383 2.38%

2009 1,587,986 6.14% 20,352 0.15%

2010 1,673,421 5.38% 20,156 0.96%

2011 1,839,892 9.95% 21,365 6.0%

2012 2,077,282 12.9% 22,534 5.47%

2013 2,393,680 15.23% 26,583 17.97%

2014 2,665,894 11.37% 27,936 5.09%

2015 3,079,068 15.50% 31,409 12.43%

2016 3,388,553 10.05% 33,435 6.45%

INTERNATIONAL TERMINAL PROFILE

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* Total capacity: 2 million passengers

* Surface: 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft) * Waiting lounges: 2,000 square metres (22,000 sq ft) * VIP Lounge: 500 square metres (5,400 sq ft) * Food at this point the control tower ordered the pilot to attempt an approach from the west due to a wind pick-up. The crew then lost communication with the tower, and three minutes later the aircraft collided at low level with trees, damaging the left wing. The aircraft then slid 200 yards into a dry rice paddy before exploding. Pilot error was later identified as the cause of the crash; the pilot continued his landing descent from an altitude of 2,000 meters to 30 meters even though the runway was not in sight, and ignored pleas from his first officer and flight engineer to turn back. When the aircraft hit the trees, the pilot finally realized the runway was not in sight and tried to abort the approach; the flight engineer pushed for full power, but the aircraft lost control and veered left; the right engine then stalled, making it impossible to gain lift.

SEE ALSO

* Aviation portal

* Siem Reap International Airport
Siem Reap International Airport
* Sihanoukville International Airport

REFERENCES

* ^ Airport information for VDPP from DAFIF (effective October 2006) * ^ http://www.schedule-coordination.jp/apaca/db%20pdf/cambodia1.pdf * ^ http://5b34secure.avantik.io/default.aspx?ori=PNH&des=KUL&dep=2018-01-31&ret=2018-02-08&adt=1&chd=0&inf=0¤cy=USD& * ^ "China Southern adds Shenzhen – Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
service from late-March 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 3 March 2017. * ^ https://www.emirates.com/media-centre/emirates-to-offer-services-to-phnom-penh-in-cambodia * ^ " Hainan Airlines
Hainan Airlines
expands Guangzhou - SE Asia routes in late-July 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 17 July 2017. * ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/275631/jc-international-adds-cambodia-hong-kong-routes-in-w17/ * ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. " Lanmei Airlines
Lanmei Airlines
plans late-Nov 2017 Hong Kong launch". Routesonline. * ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274471/lanmei-airlines-files-preliminary-schedule-from-sep-2017/ * ^ " Shenzhen Airlines
Shenzhen Airlines
plans Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
service from Dec 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 18 October 2017. * ^ " Spring Airlines
Spring Airlines
adjusts planned Guangzhou international routes in Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 1 September 2016. * ^ A B " Spring Airlines
Spring Airlines
adds new Cambodia
Cambodia
routes from Dec 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 5 December 2017. * ^ " Spring Airlines
Spring Airlines
launches new Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
routes in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 24 February 2017. * ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274863/vietjet-air-adds-phnom-penh-service-from-nov-2017/ * ^ "Xiamen Airlines plans Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
flights in W17". routesonline. Retrieved 18 October 2017. * ^ "Cathay to open air freight Cambodia". Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
Post. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014. * ^ April 2016accessdate=7 April 2016 * ^ http://www.azworldairports.com/cfm/frame.cfm?src=http://www.azworldairports.com/airports/p2720mme.htm * ^ "Traffic Data". Retrieved 2015-10-05. * ^ "XW-PHV Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 August 2010. * ^ "XU-HAK Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010. * ^ "XU-KAL Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010. * ^ "N86AC Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010. * ^ "XU-GAJ Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 19 August 2010. * ^ "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010. * ^ "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010. * ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. * ^ "Vickers Viscount". BAAA/ACRO. Retrieved 8 October 2009. * ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010. * ^ "XW-TFB Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010. * ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 October 2009. * ^ "VN-A120 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 May 2011.

* De Launey, Guy (6 February 2006). "Budget flights arrive in Southeast Asia", BBC
BBC
.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Media related to Phnom Penh