Phlegraean Islands
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The Phlegraean Islands ( it, Isole Flegree ; nap, Isule Flegree) are an
archipelago An archipelago ( ), sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands. Examples of archipelagos include: the Indonesian Archipel ...

archipelago
in the
Gulf of Naples The Gulf of Naples (), also called the Bay of Naples, is a roughly 15-kilometer-wide (9.3 mi) gulf located along the south-western coast of Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links ...
and the
Campania (man), it, Campana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = , demographics1_info1 = , demog ...
region of
southern Italy Southern Italy ( it, Sud Italia; nap, 'o Sudde; scn, Italia dû Sud), also known as ''Meridione'' or ''Mezzogiorno'' (, literally "Midday"; in nap, 'o Miezojuorno; in scn, Mezzujornu), is a macroregionA macroregion is a geopolitical subdivisi ...
. The name is derived from the common affiliation to the geologic area of the
Phlegraean Fields The Phlegraean Fields ( it, Campi Flegrei ; nap, Campe Flegree, from Greek , "to burn") is a large volcano A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and Volcanic ...
.


Geography

It consists of the islands of
Ischia Ischia ( , , ) is a volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea The Tyrrhenian Sea (; it, Mar Tirreno , french: Mer Tyrrhénienne , sc, Mare Tirrenu, co, Mari Tirrenu, scn, Mari Tirrenu, nap, Mare Tirreno) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off ...

Ischia
,
Procida Procida (; nap, Proceta ) is one of the Flegrean Islands off the coast of Naples in southern Italy. The island is between Cape Miseno and the island of Ischia. With its tiny satellite island of Vivara, it is a ''comune'' of the Metropolitan City of ...

Procida
,
Vivara Vivara is a satellite islet of Procida Procida (; nap, Proceta ) is one of the Flegrean Islands off the coast of Naples in southern Italy. The island is between Cape Miseno and the island of Ischia. With its tiny satellite island of Vivara, it is ...

Vivara
, and
Nisida Nisida is a volcanic islet of the Flegrean Islands archipelago, in southern Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a Northern Italy, continental part, d ...

Nisida
. They are part of the
Campanian volcanic arc View of the crater wall of Mount Vesuvius, with the city of Torre del Greco in the background">Torre_del_Greco.html" ;"title="Mount Vesuvius, with the city of Torre del Greco">Mount Vesuvius, with the city of Torre del Greco in the background The ...
and
Campanian ArchipelagoThe Campanian Archipelago ( it, Arcipelago Campano), also called Neapolitan Archipelago ('), is an archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea, in southwestern Italy. It principally comprises 5 islands: Capri, Ischia, Nisida, Procida, and Vivara. Most of the a ...
(Neapolitan Archipelago), off the coast of
Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ), from grc, Νεάπολις, Neápolis, lit=new city. is the regional capital of Campania (man), it, Campana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 ...

Naples
in the
Tyrrhenian Sea The Tyrrhenian Sea (; it, Mar Tirreno , french: Mer Tyrrhénienne , sc, Mare Tirrenu, co, Mari Tirrenu, scn, Mari Tirrenu, nap, Mare Tirreno) is part of the Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean ...
. The archipelago is within the
Metropolitan City of Naples The Metropolitan City of Naples (Italian language, Italian: ''Città metropolitana di Napoli'') is an Metropolitan cities of Italy, Italian Metropolitan City in Campania region, established on January 1, 2015. Its capital city is Naples; within t ...
. The island of
Capri Capri ( , ; ; ) is an island located in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Sorrento Peninsula, on the south side of the Gulf of Naples in the Campania region of Italy. The main town Capri (town), Capri that is located on the island shares the name. It ...

Capri
is usually excluded, as it does not belong to the same geologic formations.


History

In the classical epoch, some Phlegraean Islands were called Pithecussae, the Greek ' (, ‘islands of monkeys’). A Greek myth tells of two
brigand Brigandage is the life and practice of highway robbery and plunder. It is practiced by a brigand, a person who usually lives in a gang and lives by pillage and robbery.Oxford English Dictionary second edition, 1989. "Brigand.2" first recorded usag ...
s, the
Cercopes In Greek mythology Greek mythology is the body of myths originally told by the Ancient Greece, ancient Greeks, and a genre of Ancient Greek folklore. These stories concern the Cosmogony, origin and Cosmology#Metaphysical cosmology, nature of ...
of Ephesus, who played pranks on Zeus, who then punished them by turning them into monkeys and exiling them to the islands of Aenaria (Ischia) and Prochyta (Procida). Legend had the monster Typhon buried under Ischia, and the Giants (Greek mythology), Giant Mimas (Giant), Mimas buried under Procida. Such stories might be significant as a clue to how the ancient Greeks attempted to account for the volcanism of the whole area. The resulting changes in the topography of the islands were due to the frequent intervention of deities.


See also

* List of islands of Italy * *


References

Islands of Campania Archipelagoes of Italy Archipelagoes of the Mediterranean Sea Campanian volcanic arc Metropolitan City of Naples Tyrrhenian Sea Volcanoes of the Tyrrhenian Ischia {{Campania-geo-stub