HOME
The Info List - Philosophy, Politics And Economics



--- Advertisement ---


PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS AND ECONOMICS (PPE) is an interdisciplinary undergraduate /post-graduate degree which combines study from three disciplines.

The first institution to offer degrees in PPE was the University of Oxford in the 1920s. This particular course has produced a significant number of notable graduates such as Aung San Suu Kyi
Aung San Suu Kyi
, Burmese politician, State Counsellor of Myanmar, Nobel Peace Prize winner; Christopher Hitchens
Christopher Hitchens
, the British–American author, polemicist , debater , and journalist; Harold Wilson
Harold Wilson
, Edward Heath
Edward Heath
and David Cameron , former Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom ; Hugh Gaitskell and Ed Miliband
Ed Miliband
, former Leaders of the Opposition ; William Hague , the former Leader of the Opposition and former Foreign Secretary ; Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto
, former Prime Minister of Pakistan
Prime Minister of Pakistan
; and Malcolm Fraser
Malcolm Fraser
, Bob Hawke
Bob Hawke
and Tony Abbott
Tony Abbott
, former Prime Ministers of Australia . The course received fresh attention in 2017, when Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala Yousafzai
Malala Yousafzai
won a place.

In the 1980s, the University of York
University of York
went on to establish its own PPE degree based upon the Oxford model; King\'s College London , the University of Warwick
University of Warwick
, the University of Manchester
University of Manchester
, and other British universities later followed. According to the BBC
BBC
, the Oxford PPE "dominate public life" (in the UK). It is now offered at several other leading colleges and universities around the world.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Course material * 3 Academic opinions

* 4 List of offering universities

* 4.1 United Kingdom * 4.2 Ireland * 4.3 Canada * 4.4 United States * 4.5 South Africa and Nigeria * 4.6 Australia and New Zealand * 4.7 Continental Europe * 4.8 Middle East and Asia * 4.9 South America

* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
was established as a degree course at the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
in the 1920s, as a modern alternative to classics (known as "literae humaniores " or "greats" at Oxford) because it was thought as a more modern alternative for those entering the civil service . It was thus initially known as "modern greats". The first PPE students commenced their course in the autumn of 1921. The regulation by which it was established is Statt. Tit. VI. Sect. 1 C; "the subject of the Honour School of Philosophy, Politics, and Economics
Economics
shall be the study of the structure, and the philosophical and economic principles, of Modern Society." Initially it was compulsory to study all three subjects for all three years of the course, but in 1970 this requirement was relaxed, and since then students have been able to drop one subject after the first year – most do this, but a minority continue with all three.

During the 1960s some students started to critique the course from a left-wing perspective, culminating in the publication of a pamphlet, The Poverty of PPE, in 1968, written by Trevor Pateman, who argued that it "gives no training in scholarship, only refining to a high degree of perfection the ability to write short dilettantish essays on the basis of very little knowledge: ideal training for the social engineer". The pamphlet advocated incorporating the study of sociology, anthropology and art, and to take on the aim of "assist(ing) the radicalisation and mobilisation of political opinion outside the university". In response, some minor changes were made, with influential leftist writers such as Frantz Fanon
Frantz Fanon
and Régis Debray being added to politics reading lists, but the core of the programme remained the same.

Christopher Stray has pointed to the course as one reason for the gradual decline of the study of classics, as classicists in political life began to be edged out by those who had studied the modern greats.

Dario Castiglione and Iain Hampsher-Monk have described the course as being fundamental to the development of political thought in the UK, since it established a connection between politics and philosophy. Previously at Oxford, and for some time subsequently at Cambridge, politics had been taught only as a branch of modern history.

COURSE MATERIAL

The programme is rooted in the view that to understand social phenomena one must approach them from several complementary disciplinary directions and analytical frameworks. In this regard, the study of philosophy is considered important because it both equips students with meta-tools such as the ability to reason rigorously and logically , and facilitates ethical reflection. The study of politics is considered necessary because it acquaints students with the institutions that govern society and help solve collective action problems. Finally, studying economics is seen as vital in the modern world because political decisions often concern economic matters, and government decisions are often influenced by economic events. The vast majority of students at Oxford drop one of the three subjects for the second and third years of their course. Oxford now has more than 600 undergraduates studying the subject, admitting over 200 each year.

ACADEMIC OPINIONS

Oxford PPE graduate Nick Cohen and former tutor Iain McLean consider the course's breadth important to its appeal, especially "because British society values generalists over specialists". Academic and Labour peer Maurice Glasman noted that "PPE combines the status of an elite university degree – PPE is the ultimate form of being good at school – with the stamp of a vocational course. It is perfect training for cabinet membership, and it gives you a view of life". However he also noted that it had an orientation towards consensus politics and technocracy .

Geoffrey Evans , an Oxford fellow in politics and a senior tutor, critiques that the Oxford course's success and consequent over-demand is a self-perpetuating feature of those in front of and behind the scenes in national administration, in stating "all in all, it's how the class system works". In the current economic system he bemoans the unavoidable inequalities besetting admissions and thereby enviable recruitment prospects of successful graduates. The argument itself intended as a paternalistic ethical reflection on how governments and peoples can perpetuate social stratification .

Stewart Wood , a former adviser to Ed Miliband
Ed Miliband
who studied PPE at Oxford in the 1980s and taught politics there in the 1990s and 2000s, acknowledged that the programme has been slow to catch up with contemporary political developments, saying that "it does still feel like a course for people who are going to run the Raj in 1936... In the politics part of PPE, you can go three years without discussing a single contemporary public policy issue". He also stated that the structure of the course gave it a centrist bias, due to the range of material covered: "...most students think, mistakenly, that the only way to do it justice is to take a centre position".

LIST OF OFFERING UNIVERSITIES

UNITED KINGDOM

* Durham University
Durham University
* Goldsmiths, University of London
Goldsmiths, University of London
* Keele University
Keele University
* King\'s College London * Kingston University
Kingston University
* Lancaster University
Lancaster University
* London School of Economics
Economics
* The Open University * Queen\'s University Belfast * Royal Holloway, University of London
Royal Holloway, University of London
* Swansea University
Swansea University
* University College London
University College London
* University of East Anglia
University of East Anglia
* University of Essex
University of Essex
* University of Exeter
University of Exeter
* University of Hull
University of Hull
* University of Leeds
University of Leeds
* University of Manchester
University of Manchester
* University of Oxford
University of Oxford
* University of Reading
University of Reading
* University of Stirling
University of Stirling
* University of Sussex
University of Sussex
* University of Warwick
University of Warwick
* University of Winchester
University of Winchester
* University of York
University of York

* University of Nottingham
University of Nottingham
* University of the Highlands and Islands
University of the Highlands and Islands
* University of Southampton
University of Southampton

IRELAND

* National University of Ireland, Maynooth * University of Dublin
University of Dublin
(under the designation PPES with sociology)

CANADA

* Mount Allison University
Mount Allison University
* Queen\'s University * The King\'s University * University of British Columbia Okanagan
University of British Columbia Okanagan
* University of Regina * University of Western Ontario
University of Western Ontario
* Wilfrid Laurier University
Wilfrid Laurier University

UNITED STATES

* Carroll University * Carnegie Mellon University
Carnegie Mellon University
(under the designation "ethics, history, and public policy") * Claremont McKenna College
Claremont McKenna College
* Criswell College
Criswell College
* Denison University
Denison University
* Duke University
Duke University
(certificate) * Eastern Oregon University * Emory & Henry College * George Mason University
George Mason University
* Juniata College
Juniata College
* The King\'s College (New York) * La Salle University
La Salle University
(as Political Science, Philosophy, and Economics) * Mercer University
Mercer University
* Minnesota State University, Mankato
Minnesota State University, Mankato
* Murphy Institute (Tulane University, under the designation "political economy") * Northeastern University
Northeastern University
* Pomona College
Pomona College
* Rutgers University–New Brunswick
Rutgers University–New Brunswick
* Suffolk University
Suffolk University
* Transylvania University
Transylvania University
* University of Alabama at Birmingham
University of Alabama at Birmingham
* University of Akron
University of Akron
* University of Arizona
University of Arizona
(under the designation "PPEL" - with law) * University of Iowa
University of Iowa
(under the designation "ethics and public policy") * The University of Michigan
The University of Michigan
(honors program) * University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(minor) * University of Notre Dame
University of Notre Dame
(minor) * University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
* University of Pittsburgh
University of Pittsburgh
* University of Richmond
University of Richmond
(under the designation "PPEL" - with law)

* Taylor University * University of Virginia
University of Virginia
(under the designation "PPL" - replacing economics with law) * University of Washington Tacoma
University of Washington Tacoma
* Virginia Tech
Virginia Tech
(minor) * Wesleyan University
Wesleyan University
* Western Washington University * Wheeling Jesuit University
Wheeling Jesuit University
(under the designation "political and economic philosophy") * Xavier University
Xavier University
(under the designation "Philosophy, Politics, and the Public", abbreviated "PPP") * Yale University
Yale University
(under the designation "ethics, politics and economics", abbreviated "EP -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;">

* American University of Paris * Institutes for Political Studies also known as " Sciences Po
Sciences Po
" * Bifröst University * Free University of Bolzano * Ca\' Foscari University of Venice (under the designation of "Philosophy, International Studies and Economics" abbreviated "PISE") * Charles University in Prague
Charles University in Prague
* Alliance 4 Universities ( Charles III University of Madrid , Autonomous University of Madrid , Autonomous University of Barcelona and Pompeu Fabra University
Pompeu Fabra University
) * Erasmus University College * Istanbul Bilgi University (political economy and social philosophy) * Karlshochschule International University * Leiden University
Leiden University
* Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli , Rome (Italy) * Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
* Lund University
Lund University
* Universitat Pompeu Fabra * University of Amsterdam
University of Amsterdam
* University of Bayreuth
University of Bayreuth
* University of Bern
University of Bern
(under the designation of MA "political, legal and economic philosophy" abbreviated "PLEP") * University of Zurich
University of Zurich
(under the designation of MA "economic and political philosophy") * University of Graz
University of Graz
(under the designation of MA "political, economic and legal philosophy" abbreviated "PELP") * University of Hamburg
University of Hamburg
(under the designation of M.Sc. "politics, economics and philosophy" abbreviated "PEP") * University of Lucerne * University of Milano , Italy (" Politics
Politics
and economics", with a base in humanities common to the Political sciences Ba programme) * University of Saarland , Germany * University of Tromsø
University of Tromsø
* VU University Amsterdam
VU University Amsterdam
* Witten/Herdecke University
Witten/Herdecke University
(bachelor and master), Germany

* Karlshochschule International University (bachelor), Germany * CEVRO Institute
CEVRO Institute
, Prague, Czech Republic

MIDDLE EAST AND ASIA

* Sogang University
Sogang University
, S.Korea * Birla Institute of Technology and Science , India * Tel Aviv University
Tel Aviv University
(under the designation "PPEL" - with law), Israel * Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
, Israel * Peking University
Peking University
* Renmin University of China * Hanyang University
Hanyang University
(under the designation "PPEL" - with law), South Korea * Rangsit University
Rangsit University
, Thailand * Thammasat University
Thammasat University
, Thailand * Waseda University
Waseda University
* Yale-NUS, Singapore * Amity University
Amity University
, India * Asian University for Women , Bangladesh * Ashoka University
Ashoka University
, India

SOUTH AMERICA

* Universidad Torcuato Di Tella (under the designation "Ciencia Sociales, Orientación en Política y Economía"), Argentina

SEE ALSO

* List of University of Oxford
University of Oxford
people with PPE degrees * Literae Humaniores * Philosophy
Philosophy
and economics

REFERENCES

* ^ 'Hitchens, Christopher Eric', Who's Who; 2012, A online edn, Oxford University Press, December 2012 ; online edn, January 2012 accessed 5 December 2014 * ^ " Christopher Hitchens
Christopher Hitchens
- On C-SPAN discussing his book \'For the Sake of Argument\' ". C-SPAN. * ^ Kenny, Mark (November 25, 2013). "Tony Abbott\'s Oxford transcript released". Sydney Morning Herald. * ^ A B C D E F Beckett, Andy (23 February 2017). "PPE: the Oxford degree that runs Britain". theguardian.com . Retrieved 23 February 2017. * ^ "A level results: Malala Yousafzai
Malala Yousafzai
gets a place at Oxford". BBC News. Retrieved 17 August 2017. * ^ " Malala Yousafzai
Malala Yousafzai
gets into Oxford to study PPE after collecting A Level results". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 August 2017. * ^ A B C Kelly, Jon (2010-08-31). "Why does PPE rule Britain?". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 2010-09-02. * ^ "Balliol was the birthplace of the modern degree of PPE in the 1920s. A. D. Lindsay, who subsequently became the master of the college, played a key role in the establishment of the degree and Balliol has long remained a major college for the study of PPE, and PPE has long been a major subject within Balliol." * ^ "History of Philosophy
Philosophy
at Oxford – Faculty of Philosophy". Philosophy.ox.ac.uk. 2009-11-19. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ University of Oxford
University of Oxford
(1926) The Examination Statutes. together with the regulations of the boards of studies and boards of faculties for the academical year 1926-1927. Oxford: Clarendon Press; pp. 149=54 * ^ Christopher Stray, Classics
Classics
Transformed: Schools, Universities, and Society in England, 1830–1960. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998. Pp. xiv, 336. ISBN 0-19-815013-X . * ^ Dario Castiglione and Iain Hampsher-Monk, The History of Political Thought in National Context. Cambridge University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-521-78234-1 * ^ "Why Study PPE at Oxford?". ox.ac.uk. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
- Durham University". Dur.ac.uk. 2012-12-11. Retrieved 2013-09-24. * ^ "BA (Hons) Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
& Economics, Goldsmiths, University of London". gold.ac.uk. Retrieved 2013-08-08. * ^ "King\'s College London - Upcoming Programmes 2015/16". kcl.ac.uk. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics, Economics
Economics
MA". kingston.ac.uk. Retrieved 2012-02-26. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
BA Hons". Lancaster University. Retrieved 23 January 2013. * ^ "BSc Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
(Four Year Programme)". lse.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-11-02. * ^ Q45 - BA (Honours) Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics
Economics
- Open University Degree. .open.ac.uk (2012-10-16). Retrieved on 2013-08-12. * ^ "Queen\'s University Belfast BA Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics
Economics
(PPE)". Qub.ac.uk. 2010-03-03. Archived from the original on 2010-01-26. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "BA/BSc Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics
Economics
(PPE)". Rhul.ac.uk. Retrieved 2012-12-04. * ^ Archived December 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
BSc". ucl.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-11-02. * ^ "Course: Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
(U1L0V0301)" (PDF). Uea.ac.uk. Retrieved 2015-05-08. * ^ " University of Essex
University of Essex
:: Course Finder :: BA Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics". Essex.ac.uk. 2010-05-14. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "BA Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics". BA Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics. exeter.ac.uk. Retrieved 2012-05-23. * ^ "BA (Hons) Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics
Economics
(PPE)". University of Hull. Retrieved 2009-11-02. * ^ "Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics
Economics
(3 Years) ". leeds.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-13. * ^ "Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics
Economics
(3 Years) ". Manchester.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-11-02. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
– University of Oxford". Ox.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "Study Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics: PPE BA Degree at University- Undergraduate Courses – Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics: PPE – University of Stirling". stir.ac.uk. * ^ "Sussex PPE". sussex.ac.uk. Retrieved 2012-03-05. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
(Full-Time)". www2.warwick.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-11-02. * ^ http://www.winchester.ac.uk/Studyhere/Pages/ba-hons-philosophy-politics-and-economics.aspx. Missing or empty title= (help ) * ^ "The PEP School at York". York.ac.uk. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics, and Economics". Philosophy
Philosophy
NUIM. Retrieved 2012-12-04. * ^ Course - A-Z All - Undergraduate - Courses : Trinity College Dublin, The University of Dublin, Ireland. Tcd.ie (2012-11-19). Retrieved on 2013-08-12. * ^ " Mount Allison University
Mount Allison University
- Philosophy, Politics, and Economics". www.mta.ca. Retrieved 2014-10-03. * ^ "PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS & ECONOMICS SPECIALIZATION - Faculty of Arts & Science". queensu.ca. Retrieved 2017-06-07. * ^ " Politics
Politics
- History - Economics". www.kingsu.ca. Retrieved 2017-08-14. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics, and Economics
Economics
(PPE) – Bachelor of Arts Programs – Faculty of Arts and Sciences – Faculties, Schools, and Colleges – Okanagan Calendar 2010/11 – UBC Student Services". Okanagan.students.ubc.ca. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
Program (PPE) - Faculty of Arts - University of Regina". www.uregina.ca. Retrieved 2015-04-23. * ^ "The University of Western Ontario
University of Western Ontario
: THE POLITICS, PHILOSOPHY, AND ECONOMICS (PPE) PROGRAM". Westerncalendar.uwo.ca. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ " Wilfrid Laurier University
Wilfrid Laurier University
– Student Recruitment Office – Academic Programs – Faculty of Arts – Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics
Economics
(PPE)". Wlu.ca. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ " Carroll University :: Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
:: The Program". Carrollu.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "Welcome to EHPP - Ethics, History, & Public Policy - Carnegie Mellon University". cmu.edu. Retrieved 2013-08-02. * ^ "Ppe At Cmc". Claremontmckenna.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics--Criswell College". criswell.edu. Retrieved 2016-03-28. * ^ "About Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
– Denison University". Denison.edu. 2008-06-09. Archived from the original on May 29, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "Political Science: PPE Certificate". Polisci.duke.edu. Archived from the original on 2013-08-13. Retrieved 2013-09-03. * ^ "EOU\'s General Catalog". Eou.edu. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "Eastern Oregon University". Eou.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "Welcome to one of the best small, private liberal arts colleges :: Emory & Henry College". ehc.edu. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics, and Economics". gmu.edu. * ^ " Juniata College
Juniata College
Catalog". Juniata.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "The King\'s College - Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics". Tkc.edu. Archived from the original on 2012-10-28. Retrieved 2012-12-04. * ^ " La Salle University
La Salle University
- Political Science, Philosophy, and Economics". www.lasalle.edu. Archived from the original on 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2014-09-04. * ^ "College of Liberal Arts: Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics". Mercer University. Retrieved 26 May 2013. * ^ "Department of Philosophy
Philosophy
– Minnesota State University, Mankato". Mnsu.edu. 2006-10-11. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ The Murphy Institute. " Undergraduate Program in Political Economy". tulane.edu. * ^ Northeastern University
Northeastern University
College of Social Sciences and Humanities. "Politics, Philosophy, and Economics". * ^ Archived August 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " Transylvania University
Transylvania University
- Program Overview". Transy.edu. Retrieved 2015-05-08. * ^ "The PPE Concentration". Dept. of Philosophy, University of Alabama at Birmingham. Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2011-06-24. * ^ "Philosophy, Political Science, Economy Curriculum" (PDF). Academic Advising Center, University of Akron. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-02-19. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics, Economics, and Law". U.arizona.edu. Retrieved 2012-05-26. * ^ "Ethics & Public Policy". uiowa.edu. Retrieved 2011-12-16. * ^ "College of Literature, Science, and the Arts: Students :: PPE Concentration". lsa.umich.edu. Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2012-05-26. * ^ Philosophy, Politics
Politics
& Economics. Ppe.unc.edu. Retrieved on 2013-08-12. * ^ "Department of Philosophy
Philosophy
// University of Notre Dame". Philosophy.nd.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "PPE at The University of Pennsylvania". Sas.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ " Politics
Politics
and Philosophy
Philosophy
Major". honorscollege.pitt.edu. Archived from the original on 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2010-09-08. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics, Economics, and Law - University of Richmond School of Arts & Sciences". richmond.edu. 4 March 2015. * ^ "PPE Degree - Taylor University". taylor.edu. * ^ "Political Philosophy, Policy, and Law - University of Virginia". virginia.edu. * ^ Archived December 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "PPE Program". Department of Philosophy
Philosophy
at Virginia Tech. Retrieved 2015-09-16. * ^ " Wesleyan University
Wesleyan University
– College of Social Studies". Wesleyan.edu. Retrieved 2011-04-17. * ^ "Politics/Philosophy/Economics, BA". Wwu.edu. Retrieved 2013-06-25. * ^ "Political & Economic Philosophy
Philosophy
Major - Wheeling Jesuit University". Wju.edu. Archived from the original on 2007-05-19. Retrieved 2015-05-08. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics, and the Public; Xavier University". xavier.edu. Retrieved 2016-06-14. * ^ "Program in Ethics, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
Yale University". Yale.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "Error". sun.ac.za. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. * ^ oauife.edu.ng. "Department of Political Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife". Oauife.edu.ng. Archived from the original on 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics
Politics
& Economics
Economics
(PPE) Programme". School of Economics, University of Cape Town. Archived from the original on 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2009-04-21. * ^ " University of KwaZulu-Natal – Faculties – Humanities, Development and Social Sciences". Ukzn.ac.za. Archived from the original on April 15, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ Qualification stream: Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics, unisa.ac.za. Accessed 2014-06-19. * ^ uj.ac.za. Accessed 2015-09-12. * ^ http://www.wits.ac.za/academic/humanities/socialsciences/philosophy/8640/ppe_degree.html. Accessed 2015-11-10 * ^ abuad.edu.ng. "Department of Political Science, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti". abuad.edu.ng. Retrieved 2010-06-01. * ^ http://www.up.ac.za/ * ^ "ANU - STUDY 2012 - Bachelor of Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics". ANU. Retrieved 2012-03-25. * ^ "Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics
Economics
programme Home". www.otago.ac.nz. Retrieved 2016-05-19. * ^ http://www.uq.edu.au/study/program.html?acad_prog=2412 * ^ Sydney, University of Technology,. "University of Technology, Sydney". handbook.uts.edu.au. Retrieved 2017-04-24. * ^ "Bachelor of Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics
Economics
- La Trobe University". La Trobe University. 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2013-09-20. * ^ "Victoria University of Wellington". www.victoria.ac.nz. Retrieved 2017-10-06. * ^ "Háskólinn á Bifröst – BA in PPE". Bifrost.is. Archived from the original on 2010-10-03. Retrieved 2010-06-02. * ^ "MA in IEPS". Charles University, Faculty of Social Sciences. * ^ "Double Major: Philosophy, Politics
Politics
& Economics
Economics
(PPE)". Academics. Erasmus University, Erasmus University College. Retrieved 14 November 2014. * ^ "BA programme in Politics, Philosophy
Philosophy
and Economics". Retrieved 25 May 2015. * ^ "MA programme in Philosophy, specialisation Philosophy, Politics
Politics
and Economics". Masters in Leiden. Leiden University, Faculty of Humanities. Retrieved 14 November 2014. * ^ "Il nostro mondo ti piacerà". LUISS Guido Carli. Retrieved 2012-10-22. * ^ "Executive-Masterstudiengang Philosophie, Politik, Wirtschaft". lmu.de. Retrieved 2010-05-21. * ^ "Kandidatprogram". lu.se. * ^ https://www.upf.edu/es/web/politiques/fpe. Missing or empty title= (help ) * ^ Universiteit van Amsterdam. "PPLE (in English)". uva.nl. * ^ " Philosophy
Philosophy
& Economics
Economics
– Bachelor and Master programmes". Faculty of Law, Business Administration and Economics, University of Bayreuth. Retrieved 2011-02-02. * ^ "Master Political, Legal and Economic Philosophy
Philosophy
(PLEP)". Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bern. Retrieved 2011-08-22. * ^ "Politische Ökonomie und Philosophie". Faculty of Philosophy, University of Zurich. Retrieved 2013-08-09. * ^ "Master Political, Economic and Legal Philosophy
Philosophy
(PELP)". Department of Philosophy, University of Graz. Retrieved 2012-10-29. * ^ "Master Program Politics, Economics
Economics
and Philosophy
Philosophy
(M.Sc.)". University of Hamburg. Archived from the original on 2013-05-07. Retrieved 2013-02-01. * ^ "Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, Politics