1 Life 2 The Villa of the Papyri 3 Inductive reasoning 4 List of Philodemus' works
4.1 Historical works 4.2 Scientific works 4.3 Theological writings 4.4 Ethics 4.5 On rhetoric, music, and poetry
5 References 6 Further reading
6.1 English translations 6.2 Studies
7 External links
Philodemus was born c. 110 BC, in Gadara,
On Poems V, edited and translated by David Armstrong, James Porter,
Jeffrey Fish, and Cecilia Mangoni
Inductive reasoning in On Methods of Inference, Philodemus comments on the problem of induction, doubting the reliability of inductive reasoning from the observed to the unobserved. One problem is the existence of unique events that could never be guessed from what happens elsewhere. "There are also in our experience some infrequent occurrences, as for example the man in Alexandria half a cubit high, with a colossal head that could be beaten with a hammer, who used to be exhibited by the embalmers; the person in Epidaurus who was married as a young woman and then become a man." Induction is also unreliable if it extrapolates far beyond our experience: "We shall not, therefore, use the [inference] that since the men among us are mortal the men in Libya would also be mortal, much less the inference that since the living beings among us are mortal, if there are any living beings in Britain, they would be mortal." List of Philodemus' works This is a list of the major works of Philodemus found so far at Herculaneum. Historical works
Index Stoicorum (PHerc. 1018)
Index Academicorum (PHerc. 164, 1021)
On the Stoics (PHerc. 155, 339)
On Phenomena and Inferences (PHerc. 1065)
On Piety (PHerc. 1428) On the Gods (PHerc. 26) On the Way of Life of the Gods (PHerc. 152, 157)
On Vices and Virtues, book 7 (On Flattery) (PHerc. 222, 223, 1082,
1089, 1457, 1675)
On Vices and Virtues, book 9 (On Household Management) (PHerc. 1424)
On Vices and Virtues, book 10 (On Arrogance) (PHerc. 1008)
On rhetoric, music, and poetry
^ Ethel Ross Barker (1908). "Buried Herculaneum". ^ Cicero, In Pisonem, 68–72 ^ cf. Horace, Satires, i. 2. 120 ^ The Philodemus Project Archived 2010-08-13 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Janko, Richard. " Richard Janko on Philodemus". OUP. Archived from the original on 2007-04-18. Retrieved 28 July 2011. ^ Philodemus, On Methods of Inference, ed. P. De Lacy and E. De Lacy (Naples, 1978), pp. 92-3. ^ Philodemus, On Methods of Inference, pp. 96-99; J. Franklin, The Science of Conjecture: Evidence and Probability Before Pascal (Baltimore, 2001), pp. 201-2.
Further reading English translations
Philodemus: On Death. (2009), W. Benjamin Henry. SBL.
Philodemus: On Frank Criticism. (1998), David Konstan, Diskin Clay,
Clarence, E. Glad. SBL. ISBN 1-58983-292-2
Philodemus: On Methods of Inference. 2nd edition. (1978). Phillip
Howard De Lacy, Estelle Allen De Lacy. Bibliopolis.
Philodemus, On Piety, Part 1. (1996). Critical Text with Commentary by
Dirk Obbink. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-815008-3
Philodemus, On Poems. I, (2001), Edited with Introduction,
Translation, and Commentary by Richard Janko. Oxford University Press.
Philodemus, On Poems, Books 3-4, with the Fragments of Aristotle, On
Poets. (2010). Edited with Introduction, Translation, and Commentary
by Richard Janko. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-957207-0
Philodemus, On Property Management. (2013), Voula Tsouna. SBL.
Marcello Gigante, Dirk Obbink, (2002),
Philodemus in Italy: The Books
from Herculaneum. University of Michigan Press.
Dirk Obbink (editor), (1995),
Philodemus and Poetry: Poetic Theory and
Practice in Lucretius,
Philodemus and Horace. Oxford University Press.
Voula Tsouna, (2007), The
Philodemus Project Blank, David. "Philodemus". In Zalta, Edward N. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Philodemus: une bibliographie, annotated bibliography by Annick Monet Philodemus: translation of all surviving epigrams at attalus.org; adapted from W.R.Paton (1916-18) David Armstrong, Jeffrey Fish, Patricia A. Johnston, and Marilyn B. Skinner, eds., 2003, Vergil, Philodemus, and the Augustans; condensed introduction on-line Philodemus' writings (Greek texts): Rhetorica, ed. Sudhaus, vol. 1, vol. 2; Academica, ed. Mekler; De Musica, ed. Kemke Harry M. Hubbel: The Rhetorica of Philodemus. Translation and Commentary, Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 23, 1920, 243-382
v t e
Epicurus Polyaenus Metrodorus Batis Leontion Carneiscus Idomeneus Hermarchus Colotes Themista Leonteus Polystratus Dionysius of Lamptrai Basilides Philonides Diogenes of Tarsus Alcaeus and Philiscus Apollodorus Demetrius Lacon Zeno of Sidon
Amafinius Rabirius Titus Albucius Phaedrus Philodemus Lucretius Patro Catius Siro Diogenes of Oenoanda
Aponia Ataraxia Clinamen Eudaimonia Hedone Metakosmia
On the Nature of Things List of English translations of De rerum natura
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 268806125 LCCN: n84007239 ISNI: 0000 0003 9196 1028 GND: 11859401X SELIBR: 83767 SUDOC: 027208362 BNF: cb119300385 (data) ULAN: 500056