PHILODEMUS OF GADARA (Greek : Φιλόδημος ὁ
Γαδαρεύς, Philodēmos, "love of the people"; c. 110 – prob.
c. 40 or 35 BC) was an
Epicurean philosopher and poet . He studied
Zeno of Sidon in
* 4 List of Philodemus\' works
* 4.1 Historical works
* 4.2 Scientific works
* 4.3 Theological writings
* 5 References
* 6 Further reading
* 6.1 English translations * 6.2 Studies
* 7 External links
Philodemus was born c. 110 BC, in Gadara,
THE VILLA OF THE PAPYRI
There was an extensive library at Piso's
Villa of the Papyri at
During the 18th-century exploration of the Villa by tunnelling, from
1752 to 1754 there were recovered carbonized papyrus rolls containing
thirty-six treatises attributed to Philodemus. These works deal with
music, rhetoric, ethics, signs, virtues and vices, the good king, and
Epicurean standpoint against the Stoics and the
Peripatetics . The first fragments of
"The difficulties involved in unrolling, reading, and interpreting
these texts were formidable. Naples was not a particularly hospitable
destination for classical scholars. Finally, the philosophies of the
Hellenistic schools were neither well-known nor highly regarded until
quite recently. These factors combined to cripple scholarly interest
in and use of the
Named for the philosopher poet, the PHILODEMUS PROJECT is an international effort, supported by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and by contributions of individuals and participating universities, to reconstruct new texts of Philodemus' works on Poetics, Rhetoric, and Music. These texts will be edited and translated and published in a series of volumes by Oxford University Press.
Philodemus: On Poems. I, edited with Introduction, Translation, and
Richard Janko , appeared in 2001 and won the Charles J.
Goodwin Award of Merit. "Philodemus’ On Poems, in particular, opens
a window onto a lost age of scholarship—the period between
Aristotle’s Poetics and Horace’s Art of
The Project's next volumes are scheduled to be:
* On Poems V, edited and translated by David Armstrong, James
Porter, Jeffrey Fish, and Cecilia Mangoni
in On Methods of Inference, Philodemus comments on the problem of induction , doubting the reliability of inductive reasoning from the observed to the unobserved. One problem is the existence of unique events that could never be guessed from what happens elsewhere. "There are also in our experience some infrequent occurrences, as for example the man in Alexandria half a cubit high, with a colossal head that could be beaten with a hammer, who used to be exhibited by the embalmers; the person in Epidaurus who was married as a young woman and then become a man." Induction is also unreliable if it extrapolates far beyond our experience: "We shall not, therefore, use the that since the men among us are mortal the men in Libya would also be mortal, much less the inference that since the living beings among us are mortal, if there are any living beings in Britain, they would be mortal."
LIST OF PHILODEMUS\' WORKS
This is a list of the major works of Philodemus found so far at Herculaneum.
* Index Stoicorum (PHerc. 1018)
* Index Academicorum (PHerc. 164, 1021)
* On the Stoics (PHerc. 155, 339)
* On Phenomena and Inferences (PHerc. 1065)
* On Piety (PHerc. 1428) * On the Gods (PHerc. 26) * On the Way of Life of the Gods (PHerc. 152, 157)
* On Vices and Virtues, book 7 (On Flattery) (PHerc. 222, 223, 1082,
1089, 1457, 1675)
* On Vices and Virtues, book 9 (On Household Management) (PHerc.
* On Vices and Virtues, book 10 (On Arrogance) (PHerc. 1008)
ON RHETORIC, MUSIC, AND POETRY
* Philodemus: On Death. (2009), W. Benjamin Henry. SBL. ISBN
* Philodemus: On Frank Criticism. (1998), David Konstan, Diskin
Clay, Clarence, E. Glad. SBL. ISBN 1-58983-292-2
* Philodemus: On Methods of Inference. 2nd edition. (1978). Phillip
Howard De Lacy, Estelle Allen De Lacy. Bibliopolis.
* Philodemus, On Piety, Part 1. (1996). Critical Text with
Dirk Obbink . Oxford University Press. ISBN
* Philodemus, On Poems. I, (2001), Edited with Introduction,
Translation, and Commentary by Richard Janko. Oxford University Press.
* Philodemus, On Poems, Books 3-4, with the Fragments of Aristotle,
On Poets. (2010). Edited with Introduction, Translation, and
Commentary by Richard Janko. Oxford University Press. ISBN
* Philodemus, On Property Management. (2013), Voula Tsouna. SBL.
* Philodemus, On
* David Sider, (1997), The Epigrams of Philodemos. Introduction, Text, and Commentary. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509982-6