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PHILLIPS COUNTY is a county located in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Arkansas
Arkansas
, in what is known as the Arkansas
Arkansas
Delta along the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
. As of the 2010 census , the population was 21,757. The county seat is Helena-West Helena . Phillips County is Arkansas's seventh county, formed on May 1, 1820, and named for Sylvanus Phillips , the area's first-known white settler and representative to the first Territorial Legislature of the Arkansas Territory . This lowland area was developed for cotton plantations in the antebellum area and is still largely rural.

The Helena-West Helena, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area
Micropolitan Statistical Area
includes all of Phillips County.

In 1919 during the Elaine race riot in Phillips County, 237 African Americans were killed, attacked by armed whites trying to suppress the Progressive Farmers and Household Union of America which was organizing in the county. Because of the white mob action, the deaths were classified as lynchings by the Equal Justice Institute in its 2015 report. Phillips County thus ranks as the county with the highest number of lynchings in U.S. history.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Major highways * 1.2 Adjacent counties * 1.3 National protected areas

* 2 Demographics * 3 Government * 4 Education

* 5 Communities

* 5.1 Cities * 5.2 Town
Town
* 5.3 Unincorporated places * 5.4 Townships

* 6 Notable people * 7 See also * 8 References

GEOGRAPHY

According to the U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of 727 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 696 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 32 square miles (83 km2) (4.4%) is water.

MAJOR HIGHWAYS

* U.S. Highway 49 * Highway 1 * Highway 39 * Highway 85

ADJACENT COUNTIES

* Lee County (north) * Tunica County, Mississippi
Tunica County, Mississippi
(northeast) * Coahoma County, Mississippi (east) * Bolivar County, Mississippi (southeast) * Desha County (south) * Arkansas
Arkansas
County (southwest) * Monroe County (northwest)

NATIONAL PROTECTED AREAS

* St. Francis National Forest
St. Francis National Forest
(part) * White River National Wildlife Refuge (part)

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1830 1,152

1840 3,547

207.9%

1850 6,935

95.5%

1860 14,877

114.5%

1870 15,372

3.3%

1880 21,262

38.3%

1890 25,341

19.2%

1900 26,561

4.8%

1910 33,535

26.3%

1920 44,530

32.8%

1930 40,683

−8.6%

1940 45,970

13.0%

1950 46,254

0.6%

1960 43,997

−4.9%

1970 40,046

−9.0%

1980 34,772

−13.2%

1990 28,838

−17.1%

2000 26,445

−8.3%

2010 21,757

−17.7%

EST. 2016 18,975

−12.8%

U.S. Decennial Census 1790–1960 1900–1990 1990–2000 2010–2016

Age pyramid Phillips County

As of the 2010 census , there were 21,757 people residing in the county. 63.1% were Black or African American
African American
, 35.0% White , 0.3% Asian , 0.2% Native American , 0.4% of some other race and 0.9% of two or more races . 1.3% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the 2000 census , there were 26,445 people, 9,711 households, and 6,768 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 10,859 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 59.04% Black or African American
African American
, 39.25% White , 0.43% from other races , 0.32% Asian , 0.17% Native American , 0.01% Pacific Islander , and 0.78% from two or more races. 1.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,711 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.30% were married couples living together, 25.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the county, the population was spread out with 32.20% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 84.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,231, and the median income for a family was $26,570. Males had a median income of $24,675 versus $17,520 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,288. About 28.70% of families and 32.70% of the population were below the poverty line , including 45.50% of those under age 18 and 26.20% of those age 65 or over.

For the period 2000-2009, the Helena-West Helena statistical area lost 20.89% of its population, the largest decline of any statistical area in the country.

GOVERNMENT

Phillips County is strongly Democratic; only twice in the last century has it not voted for the Democratic candidate.

Phillips County vote by party in presidential elections YEAR GOP DEM OTHERS

2016 35.18% 2,446 61.99% 4,310 2.84% 197

2012 32.76% 2,598 65.60% 5,202 1.64% 130

2008 34.53% 3,097 63.50% 5,695 1.97% 177

2004 35.65% 3,161 63.62% 5,642 0.73% 65

2000 33.87% 3,154 64.62% 6,018 1.52% 141

1996 25.73% 2,205 66.69% 5,715 7.59% 650

1992 27.40% 2,695 65.63% 6,456 6.98% 686

1988 39.47% 3,892 56.59% 5,580 3.94% 389

1984 43.70% 4,686 55.45% 5,946 0.85% 91

1980 38.31% 4,270 59.59% 6,642 2.10% 234

1976 30.06% 3,342 69.93% 7,774 0.01% 1

1972 58.90% 6,235 40.46% 4,283 0.64% 68

1968 18.78% 2,154 43.92% 5,039 37.30% 4,279

1964 40.48% 3,963 59.43% 5,818 0.09% 9

1960 32.47% 2,168 61.48% 4,105 6.05% 404

1956 40.72% 2,826 56.44% 3,917 2.84% 197

1952 40.88% 2,592 59.01% 3,741 0.11% 7

1948 11.33% 351 32.85% 1,018 55.83% 1,730

1944 19.66% 501 80.30% 2,046 0.04% 1

1940 9.88% 245 90.12% 2,235 0.00% 0

1936 3.98% 94 95.60% 2,259 0.42% 10

1932 4.52% 142 94.66% 2,976 0.83% 26

1928 19.08% 487 80.76% 2,061 0.16% 4

1924 19.65% 454 77.27% 1,785 3.07% 71

1920 30.54% 868 69.14% 1,965 0.32% 9

1916 27.35% 552 72.65% 1,466 0.00% 0

1912 15.06% 198 70.42% 926 14.52% 191

1908 24.65% 393 74.91% 1,194 0.44% 7

1904 14.83% 251 84.75% 1,434 0.41% 7

1900 22.23% 388 77.31% 1,349 0.46% 8

1896 41.20% 815 54.85% 1,085 3.94% 78

EDUCATION

School districts serving Phillips County include the Helena-West Helena School District , the Marvell–Elaine School District , and the Barton–Lexa School District .

Previously the Lake View School District served a portion of the county. On July 1, 2004, the Lake View district merged into the Barton–Lexa district. Previously the Elaine School District served another portion of the county. On July 1, 2006, the Elaine district merged into the Marvell district.

Marvell Academy , a private school founded in 1966 as a segregation academy ., is in unincorporated Phillips County, near Marvell .

COMMUNITIES

CITIES

* Elaine * Helena-West Helena (county seat) * Lake View * Marvell * veeravalli

TOWN

* Lexa

UNINCORPORATED PLACES

* Modoc * Poplar Grove

TOWNSHIPS

Townships in Phillips County, Arkansas
Arkansas
as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas
Arkansas
are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas
Arkansas
townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States
United States
Census does list Arkansas
Arkansas
population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Phillips County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.

TOWNSHIP FIPS CODE ANSI code (GNIS ID) Population center(s) Pop. (2010 ) Pop. density (/mi²) Pop. density (/km²) Total area (mi²) Total area (km²) Land area (mi²) Land area (km²) Water area (mi²) Water area (km²) GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES

Big Creek 05-90273 00068945

425 11.05 4.26 38.474 99.65 38.474 99.65 0 0.000 34°29′04″N 90°53′36″W / 34.484468°N 90.893231°W / 34.484468; -90.893231

Cleburne 05-90849 00068946

660 29.12 11.24 22.692 58.77 22.665 58.70 0.027 0.06993 34°36′32″N 90°41′27″W / 34.608847°N 90.690904°W / 34.608847; -90.690904

Cleveland 05-90870 00068947

198 8.01 3.09 24.731 64.05 24.722 64.03 0.009 0.02331 34°28′46″N 90°58′19″W / 34.479487°N 90.971919°W / 34.479487; -90.971919

Cypress 05-91005 00068948

152 9.54 3.68 15.938 41.28 15.938 41.28 0 0.000 34°28′35″N 91°01′08″W / 34.476511°N 91.018900°W / 34.476511; -91.018900

Hickory Ridge 05-91704 00068949 Marvell 1,550 49.89 19.26 31.10 80.55 31.066 80.46 0.034 0.08806 34°35′11″N 90°56′11″W / 34.586411°N 90.936268°W / 34.586411; -90.936268

Hicksville 05-91707 00068950

231 6.99 2.70 33.046 85.59 33.046 85.59 0 0.000 34°35′11″N 91°01′00″W / 34.586511°N 91.016744°W / 34.586511; -91.016744

Hornor 05-91767 00068951 part of Helena-West Helena 9,697 265.48 102.51 36.526 94.60 36.526 94.60 0 0.000 34°32′24″N 90°40′45″W / 34.539980°N 90.679052°W / 34.539980; -90.679052

Lake 05-92094 00068953

41 0.91 0.35 50.741 131.4 44.870 116.2 5.871 15.21 34°24′38″N 90°40′36″W / 34.410535°N 90.676788°W / 34.410535; -90.676788

Marion 05-92391 00068955

589 14.42 5.57 40.865 105.8 40.846 105.8 0.019 0.04921 34°35′51″N 90°52′13″W / 34.597488°N 90.870256°W / 34.597488; -90.870256

Mooney 05-92547 00078865

179 1.70 0.66 115.059 298.0 105.231 272.5 9.828 25.45 34°11′30″N 90°58′10″W / 34.191547°N 90.969308°W / 34.191547; -90.969308

St. Francis 05-93276 00068956 most of Helena-West Helena 4,746 103.10 39.82 53.971 139.8 46.034 119.2 7.937 20.56 34°32′21″N 90°36′13″W / 34.539209°N 90.603521°W / 34.539209; -90.603521

Spring Creek 05-93462 00068958 Lexa , small part of Lake View 1,789 22.46 8.67 79.694 206.4 79.648 206.3 0.046 0.1191 34°31′40″N 90°45′56″W / 34.527768°N 90.765687°W / 34.527768; -90.765687

Tappan 05-93573 00068959 Elaine , most of Lake View 1,500 8.49 3.28 184.506 477.9 176.595 457.4 7.911 20.49 34°20′37″N 90°52′49″W / 34.343723°N 90.880168°W / 34.343723; -90.880168

Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: County Subdivisions in Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.

Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Bruce Bennett , Arkansas
Arkansas
Attorney General * Barry Williamson , attorney and member of the Texas Railroad Commission * Blanche Lincoln
Blanche Lincoln
, U.S. Senator
U.S. Senator
* Mark Lavon "Levon" Helm , drummer and singer for The Band
The Band
* Robert Lockwood Jr.
Robert Lockwood Jr.
, blues guitarist and singer

SEE ALSO

* Arkansas
Arkansas
portal

* List of lakes in Phillips County, Arkansas
Arkansas
* National Register of Historic Places listings in Phillips County, Arkansas
Arkansas
* Phillips County - Largest number of lynchings of any US County

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "State & County QuickFacts". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014. * ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. * ^ Robertson, Campbell (February 10, 2015). "History of Lynchings in the South Documents Nearly 4,000 Names". The New York Times
The New York Times
. * ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015. * ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. * ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015. * ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015. * ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015. * ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States
United States
Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015. * ^ Based on 2000 census data * ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census Bureau . Retrieved 2011-05-14. * ^ "Dave Leip\'s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016. * ^ "Consolidation/Annexations of LEA\'s (1983-2010)." Arkansas Department of Education . Retrieved on March 2, 2011. * ^ "Education Board approves mergers, removes Greenland from fiscal distress". 13 March 2006. Retrieved 12 September 2014. * ^ "About." Marvell Academy . Retrieved on March 2, 2011. * ^ "Private Schools: The Last Refuge." TIME . Friday November 14, 1969. Retrieved on March 2, 2011. * ^ " Marvell Academy Principals." Manta. Retrieved on March 2, 2011. "645 Highway 243 Marvell, AR 72366." * ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Phillips County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-08-21. * ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 28, 2014. * ^ "Bruce Bennett (1917-1979)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved May 10, 2010.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to PHILLIPS COUNTY, ARKANSAS .

PLACES ADJACENT TO PHILLIPS COUNTY, ARKANSAS

Monroe County Lee County Tunica County, Mississippi
Tunica County, Mississippi

PHILLIPS COUNTY, ARKANSAS Coahoma County, Mississippi

Arkansas
Arkansas
County Desha County Bolivar County, Mississippi

* v * t * e

Municipalities and communities of Phillips County, Arkansas, United States

County seat
County seat
: HELENA-WEST HELENA

CITIES

* Elaine * Helena-West Helena * Lake View * Marvell

TOWN

* Lexa

TOWNSHIPS

* Big Creek * Cleburne * Cleveland * Cypress * Hickory Ridge * Hicksville * Hornor * Lake * Marion * Mooney * St. Francis * Spring Creek * Tappan

Unincorporated communities

* Barton * Crumrod * Cypert * Ferguson * Hicksville * Kingtown * Lambrook * Mellwood * Modoc * Oneida * Poplar Grove * Postelle * Ratio * Turkey Scratch * Turner * Wabash * Walnut Corner

* v * t * e

State of Arkansas
Arkansas

LITTLE ROCK (capital)

TOPICS

* Index * Outline * Arkansans * Aviation * Colleges and universities * Congressional delegations * Constitution * County government * Energy * Geography * Government * Governors * High schools * Historic Landmarks * History * Images * Lakes

* Media

* Newspapers * Radio * TV

* Music * Places * Rivers * School districts * Sports and recreation * State parks * Territory * Tourist attractions * Townships * Transportation * Water

Seal of Arkansas
Arkansas

SOCIETY

* Crime * Culture * Demographics * Economy * Education * Politics

REGIONS

* Arkansas
Arkansas
River Valley * Ark-La-Tex
Ark-La-Tex
* Bayou Bartholomew
Bayou Bartholomew
* Boston Mountains * Central Arkansas
Arkansas
* Crowley\'s Ridge * Delta * Four State Area
Four State Area
* Mississippi Alluvial Plain
Mississippi Alluvial Plain
* New Madrid Seismic Zone
New Madrid Seismic Zone
* Northwest