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Koninklijke Philips
Philips
N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch technology company headquartered in Amsterdam
Amsterdam
currently focused in the area of healthcare. It was founded in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
in 1891, by Gerard Philips
Philips
and his father Frederik. It was once one of the largest electronic conglomerates in the world and currently employs around 105,000 people across more than 60 countries.[1] Philips
Philips
is organized into three main divisions: Philips
Philips
Consumer Lifestyle (formerly Philips
Philips
Consumer Electronics and Philips
Philips
Domestic Appliances and Personal Care), Philips
Philips
Healthcare
Healthcare
(formerly Philips Medical Systems) and Philips
Philips
Lighting. As of 2012[update], Philips
Philips
was the largest manufacturer of lighting in the world measured by applicable revenues.[2] In 2013, the company announced the sale of the bulk of its remaining consumer electronics to Japan's Funai
Funai
Electric Co,[3] but in October 2013, the deal to Funai
Funai
Electric Co was broken off and the consumer electronics operations remain under Philips. Philips
Philips
said it would seek damages for breach of contract in the US$200-million sale.[4] In April 2016, the International Court of Arbitration ruled in favour of Philips, awarding compensation of €135 million in the process.[5] Philips
Philips
has a primary listing on the Euronext
Euronext
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
stock exchange and is a component of the Euro
Euro
Stoxx 50 stock market index.[6] It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Philips
Philips
Radio 1.2 Stirling engine 1.3 Shavers 1.4 World War II 1.5 1945 to 2001 1.6 2001 to 2011 1.7 2011 to present

2 Corporate affairs

2.1 CEOs 2.2 CFOs 2.3 Acquisitions

3 Operations

3.1 Asia

3.1.1 Thailand 3.1.2 Hong Kong 3.1.3 Mainland China 3.1.4 India 3.1.5 Israel 3.1.6 Pakistan

3.2 Europe

3.2.1 France 3.2.2 Germany 3.2.3 Greece 3.2.4 Italy 3.2.5 Poland 3.2.6 Portugal 3.2.7 Sweden 3.2.8 United Kingdom

3.3 North America

3.3.1 Canada 3.3.2 Mexico 3.3.3 United States

3.4 Oceania

3.4.1 Australia and New Zealand

3.5 South America

3.5.1 Brazil

3.6 Former operations

4 Products

4.1 Lighting
Lighting
products 4.2 Audio products 4.3 Healthcare
Healthcare
products

4.3.1 Clinical informatics 4.3.2 Imaging systems 4.3.3 Diagnostic monitoring 4.3.4 Defibrillators 4.3.5 Consumer 4.3.6 Patient care and clinical informatics

5 Coat of arms/logotype 6 Sponsorships 7 Environmental record

7.1 Green initiatives 7.2 L-Prize competition 7.3 Greenpeace
Greenpeace
ranking

8 Publications 9 References 10 External links

History[edit]

Gerard Philips

The Philips
Philips
Company was founded in 1891, by Gerard Philips
Gerard Philips
and his father Frederik Philips. Frederik, a Jewish banker based in Zaltbommel, financed the purchase and setup of an empty factory building in Eindhoven, where the company started the production of carbon-filament lamps and other electro-technical products in 1892. This first factory has been adapted and is used as a museum.[7] In 1895, after a difficult first few years and near bankruptcy, the Philipses brought in Anton, Gerard's younger brother by sixteen years. Though he had earned a degree in engineering, Anton started work as a sales representative; soon, however, he began to contribute many important business ideas. With Anton's arrival, the family business began to expand rapidly, resulting in the founding of Philips Metaalgloeilampfabriek N.V. ( Philips
Philips
Metal Filament Lamp Factory Ltd.) in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
in 1908, followed in 1912, by the foundation of Philips Gloeilampenfabrieken N.V. ( Philips
Philips
Lightbulb Factories Ltd.). After Gerard and Anton Philips
Anton Philips
changed their family business by founding the Philips
Philips
corporation, they laid the foundations for the later electronics multinational. In the 1920s, the company started to manufacture other products, such as vacuum tubes. In 1939, they introduced their electric razor, the Philishave
Philishave
(marketed in the US using the Norelco
Norelco
brand name). The "Chapel" is a radio with built-in loudspeaker, which was designed during the early 1930s. Philips
Philips
Radio[edit]

Philips
Philips
chapel radio model 930A, 1931

On 11 March 1927, Philips
Philips
went on the air with shortwave radio station PCJJ (later PCJ) which was joined in 1929 by sister station PHOHI ( Philips
Philips
Omroep Holland-Indië). PHOHI broadcast in Dutch to the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) while PCJJ broadcast in English, Spanish and German to the rest of the world. The international program on Sundays commenced in 1928, with host Eddie Startz hosting the Happy Station show, which became the world's longest-running shortwave program. Broadcasts from the Netherlands were interrupted by the German invasion in May 1940. The Germans commandeered the transmitters in Huizen
Huizen
to use for pro-Nazi broadcasts, some originating from Germany, others concerts from Dutch broadcasters under German control. Philips
Philips
Radio was absorbed shortly after liberation when its two shortwave stations were nationalised in 1947 and renamed Radio Netherlands
Netherlands
Worldwide, the Dutch International Service. Some PCJ programs, such as Happy Station, continued on the new station. Stirling engine[edit] Philips
Philips
was instrumental in the revival of the Stirling engine
Stirling engine
when, in the early 1930s, the management decided that offering a low-power portable generator would assist in expanding sales of its radios into parts of the world where mains electricity was unavailable and the supply of batteries uncertain. Engineers at the company's research lab carried out a systematic comparison of various power sources and determined that the almost forgotten Stirling engine
Stirling engine
would be most suitable, citing its quiet operation (both audibly and in terms of radio interference) and ability to run on a variety of heat sources (common lamp oil – "cheap and available everywhere" – was favored).[8] They were also aware that, unlike steam and internal combustion engines, virtually no serious development work had been carried out on the Stirling engine
Stirling engine
for many years and asserted that modern materials and know-how should enable great improvements.[9] Encouraged by their first experimental engine, which produced 16 W of shaft power from a bore and stroke of 30 mm × 25 mm,[10] various development models were produced in a program which continued throughout World War II. By the late 1940s, the 'Type 10' was ready to be handed over to Philips' subsidiary Johan de Witt in Dordrecht to be produced and incorporated into a generator set as originally planned. The result, rated at 180/200 W electrical output from a bore and stroke of 55 mm × 27 mm, was designated MP1002CA (known as the "Bungalow set"). Production of an initial batch of 250 began in 1951, but it became clear that they could not be made at a competitive price, besides with the advent of transistor radios with their much lower power requirements meant that the original rationale for the set was disappearing. Approximately 150 of these sets were eventually produced.[11] In parallel with the generator set Philips
Philips
developed experimental Stirling engines for a wide variety of applications and continued to work in the field until the late 1970s, though the only commercial success was the 'reversed Stirling engine' cryocooler. However, they filed a large number of patents and amassed a wealth of information, which they later licensed to other companies.[12] Shavers[edit] The first Philips
Philips
shaver was introduced in the 1930s, and was simply called “The Philishave”. In the USA, it was called the “Norelco”, which remains a part of their product line today. World War II[edit] On 9 May 1940, the Philips
Philips
directors learned that the German invasion of the Netherlands
Netherlands
was to take place the following day. Having prepared for this, Anton Philips
Anton Philips
and his son in law Frans Otten, as well as other Philips
Philips
family members, fled to the United States, taking a large amount of the company capital with them. Operating from the US as the North American Philips
Philips
Company, they managed to run the company throughout the war. At the same time, the company was moved (on paper) to the Netherlands
Netherlands
Antilles to keep it out of American hands. On 6 December 1942, The British No. 2 Group RAF
No. 2 Group RAF
led an air raid which heavily damaged the Philips
Philips
Radio factory in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
with few casualties among the Dutch workers and civilians.[13] The Philips works in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was bombed again by the RAF on 30 March 1943.[14][15] Frits Philips, the son of Anton, was the only Philips
Philips
family member to stay in the Netherlands. He saved the lives of 382 Jews by convincing the Nazis that they were indispensable for the production process at Philips.[16] In 1943 he was held at the internment camp for political prisoners at Vught for several months because a strike at his factory reduced production. For his actions in saving the hundreds of Jews, he was recognized by Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem
in 1995 as a "Righteous Among the Nations".[17] 1945 to 2001[edit] After the war the company was moved back to the Netherlands, with their headquarters in Eindhoven.

The Philips
Philips
Light Tower in Eindhoven, originally a light bulb factory and later the company headquarters[18]

In 1949, the company began selling television sets.[19] In 1950, it formed Philips
Philips
Records, which eventually formed part of PolyGram. Philips
Philips
introduced the audio Compact Audio Cassette tape in 1963, and it was wildly successful. Compact cassettes were initially used for dictation machines for office typing stenographers and professional journalists. As their sound quality improved, cassettes would also be used to record sound and became the second mass media alongside vinyl records used to sell recorded music. Philips
Philips
introduced the first combination portable radio and cassette recorder, which was marketed as the "radiorecorder", and is now better known as the boom box. Later, the cassette was used in telephone answering machines, including a special form of cassette where the tape was wound on an endless loop. The C-cassette was used as the first mass storage device for early personal computers in the 1970s and 1980s. Philips
Philips
reduced the cassette size for the professional needs with the Mini-Cassette, although it would not be as successful as the Olympus Microcassette. This became the predominant dictation medium up to the advent of fully digital dictation machines.[citation needed] Philips
Philips
continued with computers through the early 1990s (see separate article: Philips
Philips
Computers). In 1972, Philips
Philips
launched the world's first home video cassette recorder, in the UK, the N1500. Its relatively bulky video cassettes could record 30 minutes or 45 minutes. Later one-hour tapes were also offered. As competition came from Sony's Betamax
Betamax
and the VHS
VHS
group of manufacturers, Philips
Philips
introduced the N1700 system which allowed double-length recording. For the first time, a 2-hour movie could fit onto one video cassette. In 1977, the company unveiled a special promotional film for this system in the UK, featuring comedian Denis Norden.[20] The concept was quickly copied by the Japanese makers, whose tapes were significantly cheaper. Philips
Philips
made one last attempt at a new standard for video recorders with the Video 2000
Video 2000
system, with tapes that could be used on both sides and had 8 hours of total recording time. As Philips
Philips
only sold its systems on the PAL standard and in Europe, and the Japanese makers sold globally, the scale advantages of the Japanese proved insurmountable and Philips
Philips
withdrew the V2000 system and joined the VHS
VHS
Coalition.[citation needed] Philips
Philips
had developed a LaserDisc
LaserDisc
early on for selling movies, but delayed its commercial launch for fear of cannibalizing its video recorder sales. Later Philips
Philips
joined with MCA to launch the first commercial LaserDisc
LaserDisc
standard and players. In 1982, Philips
Philips
teamed with Sony
Sony
to launch the Compact Disc; this format evolved into the CD-R, CD-RW, DVD
DVD
and later Blu-ray, which Philips
Philips
launched with Sony in 1997[citation needed] and 2006 respectively. In 1984, the Dutch Philips
Philips
Group bought out nearly a one-third share and took over the management of German company Grundig. In 1984, Philips
Philips
split off its activities on the field of photolithographic integrated circuit production equipment, the so-called wafer steppers, into a joint venture with ASM International, located in Veldhoven
Veldhoven
under the name ASML. Over the years, this new company has evolved into the world's leading manufacturer of chip production machines at the expense of competitors like Nikon
Nikon
and Canon. In 1991, the company's name was changed from N.V. Philips Gloeilampenfabrieken to Philips Electronics
Philips Electronics
N.V. At the same time, North American Philips
Philips
was formally dissolved, and a new corporate division was formed in the US with the name Philips Electronics
Philips Electronics
North America Corp.[citation needed] In 1991-1992, Philips
Philips
along with their subsidiary Magnavox, released the Philips
Philips
CD-i, a combined CD player
CD player
and home video game console. It sold one million units and was discontinued in 1998 after being heavily criticized amongst the gaming community.[21] In 1997, the company officers decided to move the headquarters from Eindhoven
Eindhoven
to Amsterdam
Amsterdam
along with the corporate name change to Koninklijke Philips Electronics
Philips Electronics
N.V.[citation needed] The move was completed in 2001. Initially, the company was housed in the Rembrandt Tower, but in 2002 they moved again, this time to the Breitner Tower. Philips
Philips
Lighting, Philips
Philips
Research, Philips Semiconductors
Philips Semiconductors
(spun off as NXP in September 2006) and Philips
Philips
Design, are still based in Eindhoven. Philips
Philips
Healthcare
Healthcare
is headquartered in both Best, Netherlands
Netherlands
(near Eindhoven) and Andover, Massachusetts, United States (near Boston). In 2000, Philips
Philips
bought Optiva Corporation, the maker of Sonicare electric toothbrushes. The company was renamed Philips
Philips
Oral Healthcare and made a subsidiary of Philips
Philips
DAP. In 2001, Philips
Philips
acquired Agilent
Agilent
Technologies' Healthcare
Healthcare
Solutions Group (HSG) for EUR 2 billion.[22] 2001 to 2011[edit] In 2004, Philips
Philips
abandoned the slogan "Let's make things better" in favour of a new one: "Sense and simplicity". In December 2005 Philips
Philips
announced its intention to sell or demerge its semiconductor division. On 1 September 2006, it was announced in Berlin that the name of the new company formed by the division would be NXP Semiconductors. On 2 August 2006, Philips
Philips
completed an agreement to sell a controlling 80.1% stake in NXP Semiconductors
NXP Semiconductors
to a consortium of private equity investors consisting of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. (KKR), Silver Lake Partners
Silver Lake Partners
and AlpInvest Partners. On 21 August 2006, Bain Capital
Bain Capital
and Apax Partners
Apax Partners
announced that they had signed definitive commitments to join the acquiring consortium, a process which was completed on 1 October 2006. In 2006 Philips
Philips
bought out the company Lifeline Systems headquartered in Framingham, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
in a deal valued at $750 million, its biggest move yet to expand its consumer-health business (M).[23] In August 2007, Philips
Philips
acquired the company Ximis, Inc. headquartered in El Paso, Texas
El Paso, Texas
for their Medical Informatics Division.[24] In October 2007, it purchased a Moore Microprocessor Patent (MPP) Portfolio license from The TPL Group. On 21 December 2007, Philips
Philips
and Respironics, Inc.
Respironics, Inc.
announced a definitive agreement pursuant to which Philips
Philips
acquired all of the outstanding shares of Respironics
Respironics
for US$66 per share, or a total purchase price of approximately €3.6 billion (US$5.1 billion) in cash.[25] On 21 February 2008, Philips
Philips
completed the acquisition of VISICU Baltimore, Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland
through the merger of its indirect wholly owned subsidiary into VISICU. As a result of that merger, VISICU has become an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Philips. VISICU was the creator of the eICU concept of the use of Telemedicine from a centralized facility to monitor and care for ICU patients.[26] The Philips
Philips
physics laboratory was scaled down in the early 21st century, as the company ceased trying to be innovative in consumer electronics through fundamental research.[27] 2011 to present[edit] In January 2011, Philips
Philips
agreed to acquire the assets of Preethi, a leading India-based kitchen appliances company.[28] On 27 June 2011, Philips
Philips
acquired Sectra Mamea AB, the mammography division of Sectra AB, together with the MicroDose brand.[29] Because net profit slumped 85 percent in Q3 2011, Philips
Philips
announced a cut of 4,500 jobs to match part of an €800 million ($1.1 billion) cost-cutting scheme to boost profits and meet its financial target.[30] In March 2012, Philips
Philips
announced its intention to sell, or demerge its television manufacturing operations to TPV Technology.[31] In 2011, the company posted a loss of €1.3 billion, but earned a net profit in Q1 and Q2 2012, however the management wanted €1.1 billion cost-cutting which was an increase from €800 million and may cut another 2,200 jobs until end of 2014.[32] On 5 December 2012, the antitrust regulators of the European Union fined Philips
Philips
and several other major companies for fixing prices of TV cathode-ray tubes in two cartels lasting nearly a decade.[33] On 29 January 2013, it was announced that Philips
Philips
had agreed to sell its audio and video operations to the Japan-based Funai
Funai
Electric for €150 million, with the audio business planned to transfer to Funai in the latter half of 2013, and the video business in 2017.[34][35] As part of the transaction, Funai
Funai
was to pay a regular licensing fee to Philips
Philips
for the use of the Philips
Philips
brand.[34] The purchase agreement was terminated by Philips
Philips
in October because of breach of contract.[36] In April 2013, Philips
Philips
announced a collaboration with Paradox Engineering for the realization and implementation of a “pilot project” on network-connected street-lighting management solutions. This project was endorsed by the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC).[37] In 2013, Philips
Philips
omitted the word "Electronics" from its name, which is now Royal Philips
Philips
N.V.[38] On 13 November 2013, Philips
Philips
unveiled its new brand line “Innovation and You” and a new design of its shield mark. The new brand positioning is cited by Philips
Philips
to signify company’s evolution and emphasize that innovation is only meaningful if it is based on an understanding of people’s needs and desires.[39] On 28 April 2014, Philips
Philips
agreed to sell their Woox Innovations subsidiary (consumer electronics) to Gibson Brands for $US135 million. On 23 September 2014, Philips
Philips
announced a plan to split the company into two, separating the lighting business from the healthcare and consumer lifestyle divisions.[40] it moved to complete this in March 2015 to an investment group for $3.3 billion[41] On February 2015, Philips
Philips
acquired Volcano Corporation
Corporation
to strengthen its position in non-invasive surgery and imaging.[42] In June 2016, Philips
Philips
spun off its lighting division to focus on the healthcare division[43] In June 2017, Philips
Philips
announce it would acquire US-based Spectranetics Corp, a manufacturer of devices to treat heart disease, for €1.9 billion (£1.68 billion) expanding its current image-guided therapy business. Corporate affairs[edit] CEOs[edit] Past and present CEOs:

1891–1922: Gerard Philips 1922–1939: Anton Philips 1939–1961: Frans Otten 1961–1971: Frits Philips 1971–1977: Henk van Riemsdijk 1977–1981: Nico Rodenburg 1981-1982: Cor Dillen 1982–1986: Wisse Dekker 1986–1990: Cor van der Klugt 1990–1996: Jan Timmer 1996–2001: Cor Boonstra 2001–2011: Gerard Kleisterlee 2011–present: Frans van Houten

CEOs lighting

2003-2008: Theo van Deursen 2012-present: Eric Rondolat

CFOs[edit] Past and Present CFOs (Chief Financial Officer)

1960–1968: Cor Dillen 2015–present: Abhijit Bhattacharya

Acquisitions[edit] Companies acquired by Philips
Philips
through the years include ADAC Laboratories, Agilent
Agilent
Healthcare
Healthcare
Solutions Group, Amperex, ATL Ultrasound, EKCO, Lifeline Systems, Magnavox, Marconi Medical Systems, Mullard, Optiva, Preethi, Pye, Respironics, Inc., Sectra Mamea AB, Signetics, VISICU, Volcano, VLSI, Ximis, portions of Westinghouse and the consumer electronics operations of Philco
Philco
and Sylvania. Philips abandoned the Sylvania trademark which is now owned by Havells Sylvania except in Australia, Canada, Mexico, New Zealand, Puerto Rico and the USA where it is owned by Osram. Formed in November 1999 as an equal joint venture between Philips
Philips
and Agilent
Agilent
Technologies, the light-emitting diode manufacturer Lumileds became a subsidiary of Phillips Lighting
Lighting
in August 2005 and a fully owned subsidiary in December 2006.[44][45] An 80.1 percent stake in Lumileds was sold to Go Scale in early 2015.[46] Operations[edit] Philips
Philips
is registered in the Netherlands
Netherlands
as a naamloze vennootschap and has its global headquarters in Amsterdam.[1] At the end of 2013 Philips
Philips
had 111 manufacturing facilities, 59 R&D Facilities across 26 countries and sales and service operations in around 100 countries.[47] Philips
Philips
is organized into three main divisions: Philips
Philips
Consumer Lifestyle (formerly Philips
Philips
Consumer Electronics and Philips
Philips
Domestic Appliances and Personal Care), Philips
Philips
Healthcare
Healthcare
(formerly Philips Medical Systems) and Philips
Philips
Lighting.[1] Philips
Philips
achieved total revenues of €22.579 billion in 2011, of which €8.852 billion were generated by Philips
Philips
Healthcare, €7.638 billion by Philips
Philips
Lighting, €5.823 billion by Philips Consumer Lifestyle
Philips Consumer Lifestyle
and €266 million from group activities.[1] At the end of 2011 Philips
Philips
had a total of 121,888 employees, of whom around 44% were employed in Philips
Philips
Lighting, 31% in Philips
Philips
Healthcare
Healthcare
and 15% in Philips
Philips
Consumer Lifestyle.[1] Philips
Philips
invested a total of €1.61 billion in research and development in 2011, equivalent to 7.1% of sales.[1] Philips Intellectual Property and Standards is the group-wide division responsible for licensing, trademark protection and patenting.[48] Philips
Philips
currently holds around 54,000 patent rights, 39,000 trademarks, 70,000 design rights and 4,400 domain name registrations.[1] Asia[edit] Thailand[edit] Philips
Philips
Thailand
Thailand
was established in 1952. It is a subsidiary which produces healthcare, lifestyle and lighting products. Philips
Philips
started manufacturing in Thailand
Thailand
in 1960 with an incandescent lamp factory. Philips
Philips
has diversified its production facilities to include a fluorescent lamp factory and a luminaries factory, serving Thai and worldwide markets.[49] Hong Kong[edit]

The Philips
Philips
building in the Hong Kong Science Park

Philips
Philips
Hong Kong began operation in 1948. Philips
Philips
Hong Kong houses the global headquarters of Philips' Audio Business Unit. It also house Philips' Asia Pacific
Asia Pacific
regional office and headquarters for its Design Division, Domestic Appliances & Personal Care Products Division, Lighting
Lighting
Products Division and Medical System Products Division.[50] In 1974, Philips
Philips
opened a lamp factory in Hong Kong. This has a capacity of 200 million pieces a year and is certified with ISO 9001:2000 and ISO 14001. Its product portfolio includes prefocus, lensend and E10 miniature light bulbs.[50] Mainland China[edit] Philips
Philips
established in Zhuhai, Guangdong
Guangdong
in 1990. The site mainly manufactures Philishaves and healthcare products.[51] In early 2008, Philips
Philips
Lighting, a division of Royal Philips
Philips
Electronics, opened a small engineering center in Shanghai
Shanghai
to adapt the company's products to vehicles in Asia.[52] India[edit] Philips
Philips
began operations in India in 1930, with the establishment of Philips
Philips
Electrical Co. (India) Pvt Ltd in Kolkata
Kolkata
as a sales outlet for imported Philips
Philips
lamps. In 1938, Philips
Philips
established its first Indian lamp-manufacturing factory in Kolkata. In 1948, Philips
Philips
started manufacturing radios in Kolkata. In 1959, a second radio factory was established near Pune. This was closed and sold around 2006. In 1957, the company converted into a public limited company, renamed "Philips India Ltd". In 1970 a new consumer electronics factory began operations in Pimpri near Pune. This is now called the 'Philips Healthcare
Healthcare
Innovation Centre'. Also, a manufacturing facility 'Philips Centre for Manufacturing Excellence' was set up in Chakan, Pune
Pune
in 2012. In 1996, the Philips
Philips
Software Centre was established in Bangalore, later renamed the Philips
Philips
Innovation Campus.[53] In 2008, Philips
Philips
India entered the water purifier market. In 2014, Philip's was ranked 12th among India's most trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Report, a study conducted by Trust Research Advisory.[54] Israel[edit] Philips
Philips
has been active in Israel
Israel
since 1948 and in 1998, set up a wholly owned subsidiary, Philips Electronics
Philips Electronics
(Israel) Ltd. The company has over 700 employees in Israel
Israel
and generated sales of over $300 million in 2007.[55] Philips
Philips
Medical Systems Technologies Ltd. (Haifa) is a developer and manufacturer of Computerized Tomography
Computerized Tomography
(CT), diagnostic and Medical Imaging systems. The company was founded in 1969 as Elscint
Elscint
by Elron Electronic Industries and was acquired by Marconi Medical Systems in 1998, which was itself acquired by Philips
Philips
in 2001. Philips Semiconductors
Philips Semiconductors
formerly had major operations in Israel; these now form part of NXP Semiconductors. Pakistan[edit] Philips
Philips
has been active in Pakistan
Pakistan
since 1948 and has a wholly owned subsidiary, Philips
Philips
Pakistan
Pakistan
Limited (Formerly Philips
Philips
Electrical Industries of Pakistan
Pakistan
Limited).[56] The head office is in Karachi
Karachi
with regional sales offices in Lahore and Rawalpindi. Europe[edit] France[edit]

The headquarters of Philips
Philips
France in Suresnes

Philips
Philips
France has its headquarters in Suresnes. The company employs over 3600 people nationwide. Philips
Philips
Lighting
Lighting
has manufacturing facilities in Chalon-sur-Saône (fluorescent lamps), Chartres
Chartres
(automotive lighting), Lamotte-Beuvron (architectural lighting by LEDs and professional indoor lighting), Longvic
Longvic
(lamps), Miribel (outdoor lighting), Nevers
Nevers
(professional indoor lighting). Germany[edit] Philips
Philips
Germany was founded in 1926 in Berlin. Now its headquarters is located in Hamburg. Over 4900 people are employed in Germany.[57]

Hamburg

Distribution center of the divisions Healthcare, Consumer Lifestyle, and Lighting. Philips
Philips
Medical Systems DMC. Philips
Philips
Innovative Technologies, Research Laboratories.

Aachen

Philips
Philips
Innovative Technologies. Philips
Philips
Innovation Services.

Böblingen

Philips
Philips
Medical Systems, patient monitoring systems.

Herrsching

Philips
Philips
Respironics.

Ulm

Philips
Philips
Photonics, development and manufacture of vertical laser diodes (VCSELs) and photodiodes for sensing and data communication.

Greece[edit] Philips' Greece is headquartered in Halandri, Attica. As of 2012 Philips
Philips
has no manufacturing plants in Greece, although there have been in the past. Italy[edit] Philips
Philips
founded its Italian headquarter in 1918, basing it in Monza (Milan) where it still operates, for commercial activities only. Poland[edit] Philips' operations in Poland include: a European financial and accounting centre in Łódź; Philips
Philips
Lighting
Lighting
facilities in Bielsko-Biała, Pabianice, Piła, and Kętrzyn; and a Philips
Philips
Domestic Appliances facility in Białystok. Portugal[edit] Philips
Philips
started business in Portugal in 1927, as " Philips
Philips
Portuguesa S.A.R.L.".[58][59] Currently, Philips
Philips
Portuguesa S.A. is headquartered in Oeiras near Lisbon.[60] There were three Philips
Philips
factories in Portugal: the FAPAE lamp factory in Lisbon;[59][61][62] the Carnaxide magnetic-core memory factory near Lisbon, where the Philips
Philips
Service organization was also based; and the Ovar
Ovar
factory in northern Portugal making camera components and remote control devices.[61] The company still operates in Portugal with divisions for commercial lighting, medical systems and domestic appliances.[63] Sweden[edit] Philips
Philips
Sweden has two main sites, Kista, Stockholm County, with regional sales, marketing and a customer support organization and Solna, Stockholm County, with the main office of the mammography division. United Kingdom[edit] Philips
Philips
UK has its headquarters[64] in Guildford. The company employs over 2500 people nationwide.[65]

Philips
Philips
Healthcare
Healthcare
Informatics, Belfast
Belfast
develops healthcare software products. Philips
Philips
Consumer Products, Guildford
Guildford
provides sales and marketing for televisions, including High Definition televisions, DVD
DVD
recorders, hi-fi and portable audio, CD recorders, PC peripherals, cordless telephones, home and kitchen appliances, personal care (shavers, hair dryers, body beauty and oral hygiene ). Philips
Philips
Dictation Systems, Colchester. Philips
Philips
Lighting: sales from Guildford
Guildford
and manufacture in Hamilton. Philips
Philips
Healthcare, Reigate. Sales and technical support for X-ray, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, patient monitoring, magnetic resonance, computed tomography, and resuscitation products. Philips Research
Philips Research
Laboratories, Cambridge
Cambridge
(Until 2008 based in Redhill, Surrey. Originally these were the Mullard
Mullard
Research Laboratories.)

In the past, Philips
Philips
UK also included:

Consumer product manufacturing in Croydon Television Tube Manufacturing Mullard
Mullard
Simonstone Philips
Philips
Business Communications, Cambridge: offered voice and data communications products, specialising in Customer Relationship Management (CRM) applications, IP Telephony, data networking, voice processing, command and control systems and cordless and mobile telephony. In 2006 the business was placed into a 60/40 joint venture with NEC. NEC later acquired 100% ownership and the business was renamed NEC Unified Solutions. Philips Electronics
Philips Electronics
Blackburn; vacuum tubes, capacitors, delay-lines, Laserdiscs, CDs. Philips
Philips
Domestic Appliances Hastings: Design and Production of Electric kettles, Fan Heaters plus former EKCO
EKCO
brand "Thermotube" Tubular Heaters and "Hostess" Domestic Food Warming Trolleys. Philips
Philips
Semiconductors, Hazel Grove, Stockport and Southampton, both also earlier part of Mullard. These became part of NXP. London Carriers, logistics and transport division. Mullard
Mullard
Equipment Limited (MEL) which produced products for the military Pye Telecommunications Ltd of Cambridge TMC Limited of Malmesbury Pye TVT Ltd of Cambridge

North America[edit] Canada[edit] Philips
Philips
Canada was founded in 1934. It is well known in medical systems for diagnosis and therapy, lighting technologies, shavers, and consumer electronics. The Canadian headquarters are located in Markham, Ontario. For several years, Philips
Philips
manufactured lighting products in two Canadian factories. The London, Ontario, plant opened in 1971. It produced A19 lamps (including the "Royale" long life bulbs), PAR38 lamps and T19 lamps (originally a Westinghouse lamp shape). Philips closed the factory in May 2003. The Trois-Rivières, Quebec plant was a Westinghouse facility which Philips
Philips
continued to run it after buying Westinghouse's lamp division in 1983. Philips
Philips
closed this factory a few years later, in the late 1980s. Mexico[edit] Philips
Philips
Mexicana SA de CV is headquartered in Mexico City. Philips Lighting
Lighting
has manufacturing facilities in: Monterrey, Nuevo León; Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua; and Tijuana, Baja California. Philips Consumer Electronics has a manufacturing facility in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. Philips
Philips
Domestic Appliances formerly operated a large factory in the Industrial Vallejo sector of Mexico City but this was closed in 2004. United States[edit]

Philips' North American headquarters in Andover, Massachusetts

Philips' Electronics North American headquarters is in Andover, Massachusetts. In early 2018, it was announced that the US headquarters would move to Cambridge, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
by 2020.[66] Philips
Philips
Lighting
Lighting
has its corporate office in Somerset, New Jersey, with manufacturing plants in Danville, Kentucky, Dallas, Salina, Kansas and Paris, Texas
Paris, Texas
and distribution centers in Mountain Top, Pennsylvania El Paso, Texas, Ontario, California
Ontario, California
and Memphis, Tennessee. Philips
Philips
Healthcare
Healthcare
is headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The North American sales organization is based in Bothell, Washington. There are also manufacturing facilities in Andover, Massachusetts, Bothell, Washington, Baltimore, Maryland, Cleveland, Ohio, Foster City, California, Gainesville, Florida, Milpitas, California
Milpitas, California
and Reedsville, Pennsylvania. Philips
Philips
Healthcare also formerly had a factory in Knoxville, Tennessee. Philips
Philips
Consumer Lifestyle has its corporate office in Stamford, Connecticut. Philips Lighting
Lighting
has a Color Kinetics office in Burlington, Massachusetts. Philips Research
Philips Research
North American headquarters is in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 2007, Philips
Philips
entered into a definitive merger agreement with North American luminaires company Genlyte Group Incorporated, which provides the company with a leading position in the North American luminaires (also known as ˜lighting fixtures"), controls and related products for a wide variety of applications, including solid state lighting. The company also acquired Respironics, which was a significant gain for its healthcare sector. On 21 February 2008 Philips
Philips
completed the acquisition of VISICU Baltimore, Maryland. VISICU was the creator of the eICU concept of the use of Telemedicine from a centralized facility to monitor and care for ICU patients. Oceania[edit] Australia and New Zealand[edit] Philips
Philips
Australia was founded in 1927 and is headquartered in North Ryde, New South Wales and also manages the New Zealand
New Zealand
operation from there. The company currently employs around 800 people. Regional sales and support offices are located in Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth
Perth
and Auckland. Current activities include: Philips
Philips
Healthcare
Healthcare
(also responsible for New Zealand
New Zealand
operations); Philips
Philips
Lighting
Lighting
(also responsible for New Zealand operations); Phillips Oral Healthcare, Phillips Professional Dictation Solutions, Phillips Professional Display Solutions, Phillips AVENT Professional, Philips Consumer Lifestyle
Philips Consumer Lifestyle
(also responsible for New Zealand
New Zealand
operations); Philips
Philips
Sleep & Respiratory Care (formerly Respironics), with its ever-increasing national network of Sleepeasy Centres ; Philips
Philips
Dynalite ( Lighting
Lighting
Control systems, acquired in 2009, global design and manufacturing centre) and Philips Selecon NZ ( Lighting
Lighting
Entertainment product design and manufacture). South America[edit] Brazil[edit] Philips
Philips
do Brasil (Portuguese: Philips
Philips
do Brasil) was founded in 1924 in Rio de Janeiro.[67] In 1929, Philips
Philips
started to sell radio receivers. In the 1930s, Philips
Philips
was making its light bulbs and radio receivers in Brazil. From 1939 to 1945, World War II
World War II
forced Brazilian branch of Philips
Philips
to sell bicycles, refrigerators and insecticides. After the war, Philips
Philips
had a great industrial expansion in Brazil, and was among the first groups to establish in Manaus
Manaus
Free Zone. In the 1970s, Philips Records
Philips Records
was a major player in Brazil recording industry. Nowadays, Philips
Philips
do Brasil is one of the largest foreign-owned companies in Brazil. Philips
Philips
uses the brand Walita for domestic appliances in Brazil. Former operations[edit] Philips
Philips
subsidiary Philips-Duphar(nl) manufactured pharmaceuticals for human and veterinary use and products for crop protection. Duphar was sold to Solvay in 1990. In subsequent years Solvay sold off all divisions to other companies (crop protection to UniRoyal, now Chemtura, the veterinary division to Fort Dodge, a division of Wyeth, and the pharmaceutical division to Abbott Laboratories). PolyGram, Philips' music television and movies division, was sold to Seagram
Seagram
in 1998; merged into Universal Music Group. Philips
Philips
Records continues to operate as record label of UMG, its name licensed from its former parent. Origin, now part of Atos
Atos
Origin, is a former division of Philips. ASM Lithography is a spin-off from a division of Philips. Hollandse Signaalapparaten
Hollandse Signaalapparaten
was a manufacturer of military electronics. The business was sold to Thomson-CSF
Thomson-CSF
in 1990 and is now Thales Nederland. NXP Semiconductors, formerly known as Philips
Philips
Semiconductors, was sold a consortium of private equity investors in 2006. On 6 August 2010, NXP completed its IPO, with shares trading on NASDAQ. Philips
Philips
used to sell major household appliances (whitegoods) under the name Philips. After selling the Major Domestic Appliances division to Whirlpool Corporation
Corporation
it changed from Philips
Philips
Whirlpool to Whirlpool Philips
Philips
and finally to just Whirlpool. Whirlpool bought a 53% stake in Philips' major appliance operations to form Whirlpool International. Whirlpool bought Philips' remaining interest in Whirlpool International in 1991. Philips
Philips
Cryogenics was split off in 1990 to form the Stirling Cryogenics BV, Netherlands. This company is still active in the development and manufacturing of Stirling cryocoolers and cryogenic cooling systems. North American Philips
Philips
distributed AKG Acoustics
AKG Acoustics
products under the AKG of America, Philips
Philips
Audio/Video, Norelco
Norelco
and AKG Acoustics
AKG Acoustics
Inc. branding until AKG set up its North American division in San Leandro, California in 1985. (AKG's North American division has since moved to Northridge, California.) Polymer Vision was a Philips
Philips
spin-off that manufactured a flexible e-ink display screen. The company closed in 2009.[68][69] Products[edit] Philips' core products are consumer electronics and electrical products (including small domestic appliances, shavers, beauty appliances, mother and childcare appliances, electric toothbrushes and coffee makers (products like Smart Phones, audio equipment, Blu-ray players, computer accessories and televisions are sold under license)); and healthcare products (including CT scanners, ECG equipment, mammography equipment, monitoring equipment, MRI scanners, radiography equipment, resuscitation equipment, ultrasound equipment and X-ray equipment);[70] Lighting
Lighting
products[edit]

LED bulbs made by Philips.[71]

Professional indoor luminaires[72] Professional outdoor luminaires[73] Professional lamps[74] Lighting
Lighting
controls and control systems[75] Digital projection lights[76] Horticulture lighting[77] Solar LED lights[78] Smart office lighting systems[79] Smart retail lighting systems[80] Smart city lighting systems[81] Home lamps[82] Home fixtures[83] Home systems (branded as Philips Hue
Philips Hue
) [84]

Audio products[edit]

The Philips
Philips
A5-PRO headphones

Hi-fi systems Wireless speakers Radio systems Docking stations Headphones DJ mixers Alarm clocks

Healthcare
Healthcare
products[edit] Philips
Philips
healthcare products include:

CT scan

Clinical informatics[edit]

Cardiology informatics (IntelliSpace Cardiovascular, Xcelera) Enterprise Imaging Informatics (IntelliSpace PACS, XIRIS) IntelliSpace family of solutions

Imaging systems[edit]

Cardio/Vascular X-Ray Computed tomography
Computed tomography
(CT) Fluoroscopy Magnetic resonance imaging
Magnetic resonance imaging
(MRI) Mammography Mobile C-Arms Nuclear medicine PET (Positron emission tomography) PET/CT Radiography Radiation oncology
Radiation oncology
Systemsroots Ultrasound

Diagnostic monitoring[edit]

Diagnostic ECG

Defibrillators[edit]

Accessories Equipment Software

Consumer[edit]

A typical Philips
Philips
Magnavox
Magnavox
VCR

Philips
Philips
AVENTil

Patient care and clinical informatics[edit]

64-slice CT scanner originally developed by Elscint, now a Philips product[85]

Anesthetic gas monitoring Blood pressure Capnography D.M.E. Diagnostic sleep testing ECG Enterprise patient informatics solutions

OB TraceVue Compurecord ICIP eICU program Emergin

Hemodynamic IntelliSpace Cardiovascular IntelliSpace PACS IntelliSpace portal Multi-measurement servers Neurophedeoiles Pulse oximetry Tasy Temperature Transcutaneous gases Ventilation ViewForum Xcelera XIRIS Xper Information Management

Coat of arms/logotype[edit]

Original Philips
Philips
shield introduced in 1938

Philips
Philips
shield in use from 1968 until March 2008[86]

The Philips
Philips
logo in use until March 2008

The current Philips
Philips
logo

Philips
Philips
Shield in use until November 2013

Philips
Philips
shield design introduced in November 2013

Sponsorships[edit] In 1913, in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the independence of the Netherlands, Philips
Philips
founded Philips
Philips
Sport Vereniging (Philips Sports Club, now commonly known as PSV). The club is active in numerous sports, but is now best known for its football team, PSV Eindhoven, and swimming team. Philips
Philips
owns the naming rights to Philips Stadion
Philips Stadion
in Eindhoven, which is the home ground of PSV Eindhoven. Outside of the Netherlands, Philips
Philips
sponsors and has sponsored numerous sport clubs, sport facilities and events. In November 2008 Philips
Philips
renewed and extended its F1 partnership with AT&T Williams. Philips
Philips
owns the naming rights to the Philips Arena
Philips Arena
in Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia
and to the Philips
Philips
Championship, the premier basketball league in Australia, traditionally known as the National Basketball League. From 1988 to 1993 Philips
Philips
was the principal sponsor of the Australian rugby league
Australian rugby league
team The Balmain Tigers.And Indonesian football club side Persiba Balikpapan
Persiba Balikpapan
From 1998 to 2000, Philips sponsored the Winston Cup #7 entry for Geoff Bodine
Geoff Bodine
Racing, later Ultra Motorsports, for drivers Geoff Bodine
Geoff Bodine
and Michael Waltrip. Outside of sports Philips
Philips
sponsors the international Philips
Philips
Monsters of Rock festival. Environmental record[edit] Green initiatives[edit] Philips
Philips
is running the EcoVision4 initiative in which it committed to a number of environmentally positive improvements by 2012.[87] Also Philips
Philips
marks its "green" products with the Philips
Philips
Green Logo, identifying them as products that have a significantly better environmental performance than their competitors or predecessors.[88] L-Prize competition[edit] In 2011, Philips
Philips
won a $10 million cash prize from the US Department of Energy for winning its L-Prize competition, to produce a high-efficiency, long operating life replacement for a standard 60-W incandescent lightbulb.[89] The winning LED lightbulb, which was made available to consumers in April 2012, produces slightly more than 900 lumens at an input power of only 10 W.[90] Greenpeace
Greenpeace
ranking[edit] In Greenpeace's 2012 Guide to Greener Electronics, that ranks electronics manufacturers on sustainability, climate and energy and how green their products are, Philips
Philips
ranks 10th place with a score of 3.8/10.[91] The company was the top scorer in the Energy section due to its energy advocacy work calling upon the EU to adopt a 30% reduction for greenhouse gas emissions by 2020. It is also praised for its new products which are free from PVC plastic and BFRs. However, the guide criticizes Phillips' sourcing of fibres for paper, arguing it must develop a paper procurement policy which excludes suppliers involved in deforestation and illegal logging.[92] Philips
Philips
have made some considerable progress since 2007 (when it was first ranked in this guide), in particular by supporting the Individual Producer Responsibility principle, which means that the company is accepting the responsibility for the toxic impacts of its products on e-waste dumps around the world.[93] Publications[edit]

A. Heerding: The origin of the Dutch incandescent lamp industry. (Vol. 1 of The history of N.V. Philips
Philips
gloeilampenfabriek). Cambridge, Cambridge
Cambridge
University Press, 1986. ISBN 0-521-32169-7 A. Heerding: A company of many parts. (Vol. 2 of The history of N.V. Philips' gloeilampenfabrieken). Cambridge, Cambridge
Cambridge
University Press, 1988. ISBN 0-521-32170-0 I.J. Blanken: The development of N.V. Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken into a major electrical group. Zaltbommel, European Library, 1999. (Vol. 3 of The history of Philips Electronics
Philips Electronics
N.V.). ISBN 90-288-1439-6 I.J. Blanken: Under German rule. Zaltbommel, European Library, 1999. (Vol. 4 of The history of Philips Electronics
Philips Electronics
N.V). ISBN 90-288-1440-X

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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Philips.

Official website Documents and clippings about Philips
Philips
in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics
German National Library of Economics
(ZBW).

v t e

Philips

Divisions and subsidiaries

Current

Philips
Philips
Consumer Lifestyle

Gaggia Saeco

Philips
Philips
Healthcare

Philips
Philips
AVENT Respironics Shenzhen Goldway Industrial

Philips
Philips
Lighting

Philips
Philips
Lumileds Lighting
Lighting
Company

Corporate Technologies

Former and defunct

Liquavista Magnavox NXP Semiconductors Philips
Philips
Analytical Philips
Philips
Natuurkundig Laboratorium PolyGram

Fontana Records Mercury Records Philips
Philips
Classics Records Philips
Philips
Records PolyGram
PolyGram
Filmed Entertainment Vertigo Records

Joint ventures and shareholdings

Current

NXP Semiconductors
NXP Semiconductors
(19.9%) Philips-Neusoft Medical Systems (51%) TCL Corporation
Corporation
(6.3%)

BlackBerry Mobile Alcatel Mobile TCL Multimedia
TCL Multimedia
(52.10%) Palm, Inc. Tonly Electronics

Former and defunct

ASML Holding Broadcast Television Systems Inc. Grundig LG. Philips
Philips
Displays LG Philips
Philips
LCD Marantz Navteq NEC Philips
Philips
Unified Systems Philips
Philips
Consumer Communications TP Vision TSMC SSMC Lumileds

Brands, products and standards

Current

Ambilight Hue Norelco Philips
Philips
Cinema 21:9 TV Philips
Philips
Entertaible Philips
Philips
GoGear Philips
Philips
Intimate Massagers Senseo ShoqBox Sonicare Streamium Trimension Video Content Protection System

Defunct

Philips
Philips
CD-i Philips
Philips
Nino Philips
Philips
Velo Philips
Philips
Videopac Philips
Philips
VideoWriter Philips
Philips
:YES Philishave SpeechMagic Video 2000

People

Cor Boonstra President and Chief Executive Officer Frans van Houten Co-founders Anton Philips
Anton Philips
and Gerard Philips Frits Philips

Places

Evoluon High Tech Campus Eindhoven Philips
Philips
Arena Philips
Philips
Stadion

Other

Carousel HDMI Licensing Philips
Philips
Sports Manager of the Year Phoebus cartel

Category

v t e

Euro
Euro
Stoxx 50 companies of the Euro
Euro
Area

Last updated October 2015

Air Liquide Airbus Allianz Anheuser-Busch InBev ASML Holding Assicurazioni Generali AXA Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria Banco Santander BASF Bayer BMW BNP Paribas Carrefour Saint-Gobain Daimler AG Deutsche Bank Deutsche Post Deutsche Telekom Enel Engie
Engie
SA Eni E.ON Essilor
Essilor
International Fresenius SE Groupe Danone Iberdrola Inditex ING Group
ING Group
NV Intesa Sanpaolo L'Oréal LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft Nokia Orange S.A. Philips
Philips
Electronics SAFRAN Sanofi SAP SE Schneider Electric Siemens Société Générale SA Telefónica Total S.A. Unibail-Rodamco UniCredit Unilever Vinci SA Vivendi Volkswagen Group

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AEX companies of the Netherlands

Aalberts ABN AMRO Aegon Ahold Delhaize Akzo Nobel Altice ArcelorMittal ASML Boskalis DSM Galapagos Gemalto Heineken ING KPN NN Group Philips Randstad RELX Royal Dutch Shell SBM Offshore Unibail-Rodamco Unilever Vo

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