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Philippine Standard Time
Philippine Standard Time
(Filipino: Pamantayang Oras ng Pilipinas, abbreviated PST[1] or PhST[2]), also known as Philippine Time (PHT) and informally Juan Time[citation needed], is the official name for the time in the Philippines. The country only uses one time zone (UTC+08:00), and for a short period, it also used daylight saving time.

Contents

1 Geographic details 2 History

2.1 Time in the Philippines

3 Use of daylight saving time 4 Juan Time 5 IANA time zone database 6 Date and time format

6.1 Date 6.2 Time

7 References 8 Sources 9 External links

Geographic details[edit] Geographically, the Philippines
Philippines
lies within 116°40′ and 126°34′ east of the Prime Meridian, and is physically located within the UTC+08:00 time zone. Philippine Standard Time
Philippine Standard Time
is maintained by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). The Philippines
Philippines
shares the same time zone with Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Brunei, central Indonesia, Western Australia
Western Australia
and Irkutsk. History[edit] Philippine Standard Time
Philippine Standard Time
was instituted through Batas Pambansa Blg. 8 (that defined the metric system), approved on 2 December 1978 and implemented on 1 January 1983. The Philippines
Philippines
is one of the few countries to officially and almost exclusively use the 12-hour clock in non-military situations.[citation needed][dubious – discuss] From 1521 to 1844, the Philippines
Philippines
had the same date as Mexico, because it had been a Spanish colony supplied and controlled via Mexico until Mexico's independence in the 1820s. Monday, 30 December 1844 was immediately followed by Wednesday, 1 January 1845, which added 1 day or 24 hours to the local time. This meant that International Date Line
International Date Line
moved from going west of the Philippines
Philippines
to go on the east side of the country.[3] At the time, local mean time was used to set clocks, meaning that every place used its own local time based on its longitude, because the time was measured by locally observing the sun. Time in the Philippines[edit]

Period in use Time offset from GMT Name of time

before 30 December 1844 UTC-15:56 (in Manila) local mean time

UTC-16:02 (in Balabac, the westernmost island)

UTC-15:33 (in Davao Oriental, the easternmost area)

1 January 1845 – 10 May 1899 UTC+08:04 (in Manila) local mean time

UTC+07:58 (in Balabac, the westernmost island)

UTC+08:27 (in Davao Oriental, the easternmost area)

11 May 1899 – 31 October 1936 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time

1 November 1936 – 31 January 1937 UTC+09:00 Philippine Daylight Time

1 February 1937 – 30 April 1942 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time

1 May 1942 – 31 October 1944 UTC+09:00 Tokyo Standard Time

1 November 1944 – 11 April 1954 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time

12 April 1954 – 30 June 1954 UTC+09:00 Philippine Daylight Time

1 July 1954 – 21 March 1978 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time

22 March 1978 – 20 September 1978 UTC+09:00 Philippine Daylight Time

21 September 1978 – 20 May 1990 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time

21 May 1990 – 21 July 1990 UTC+09:00 Philippine Daylight Time

22 July 1990 – 31 May 2013 UTC+08:00 Philippine Time

1 June 2013 – present UTC+08:00 Philippine Standard Time

Use of daylight saving time[edit] Main article: Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
in the Philippines As of 2016[update], the Philippines
Philippines
does not observe daylight saving time, although it was enforced for short periods during the presidency of Manuel L. Quezon
Manuel L. Quezon
in 1936-1937, Ramon Magsaysay
Ramon Magsaysay
in 1954, Ferdinand Marcos in 1978, and Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
in 1990.[4] Juan Time[edit] Television and radio stations in the Philippines
Philippines
display the time, but varied from a few seconds to minutes. In September 2011, the Department of Science and Technology proposed to synchronise time nationwide in an effort to discourage tardiness. PAGASA installed a rubidium atomic clock, a GPS receiver, a time interval counter, distribution amplifier and a computer to help calculate the time difference with every satellite within its antenna's field of view.[5][6] On May 15, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
signed Republic Act No. 10535, better known as "The Philippine Standard Time
Philippine Standard Time
(PST) Act of 2013" as the latest step of implement the Juan Time. Since June 1, 2013, all government offices and media networks are required to synchronize their timepieces with PAGASA's rubidium atomic clock.[7][8] In addition, the first week of January will be regularly observed as the National Time Consciousness Week. IANA time zone database[edit] The IANA time zone database
IANA time zone database
contains one zone for the Philippines
Philippines
in the file zone.tab, named Asia/Manila. Date and time format[edit] Main article: Date and time notation in the Philippines Date[edit]

Standard: February 10, 2015 Formal (Public Documents): the 10th day of February, 2015 Filipino: ika-10 ng Pebrero, 2015 or Pebrero 10, 2015 Passport: 10 02 2015

Time[edit]

Standard: 12-hour clock Military/Boy Scout: US Military Time Public Transport and Marathon events: 24-hour clock Common Spoken Language

Indigenized Spanish terminology (original Spanish spelling in parentheses; AM radio stations and everyday conversation)

8:41 - Alas otso kwarenta y uno (A las ocho cuarenta y uno) 5:30 - Alas singko y medya (A las cinco y media) 3:00 - Alas tres (A las tres; en punto, literally meaning "on the dot", may be added to signify "o'Clock".)

English-derived (Business, Legal and others)

8:41 PM - Eight forty-one PM 5:30 AM - Five Thirty AM 3:00 PM - Three O'Clock or Three PM 12:00 PM - Twelve Midday or Twelve Noon – Twelve PM is seldom used as it might be confused with 12 Midnight 12:00 AM - Twelve Midnight - Twelve AM is seldom used as it might confused with daylight

Filipino Starts with Indigenized Spanish (original spelling in parentheses) and ends with Tagalog – Umaga starts at 5:00 AM and ends 11:59 AM. Tanghalì is noon. Hapon starts at 1:00 PM and ends 5:59 PM. Gabí starts at 6:00 PM and ends 12:00 AM which is Hatinggabi. Madalíng Araw starts at 12:01 AM and ends 4:59 AM. Except in very formal situations, Filipinos rarely use the vernacular numbers in telling time.

8:41 P.M. - Alas otso kwarenta y uno (A las ocho cuarenta y uno) ng gabí or Apatnapú't-isá(ng minuto) makalipas ng ikawaló ng gabí 5:30 A.M. - Alas singko y medya (A las cinco y media) ng umaga or Tatlumpûng minuto makalipas ng ikalimá ng umaga or ikalimá at kalaháti ng umaga 3:00 P.M. - Alas tres (A las tres) ng hapon o Ikatló ng hapon 12:00 P.M. - Alas dose (A las doce) ng tanghalì o Ikalabíndalawá ng tanghalì 12:00 A.M. - Alas dose (A las doce) ng hatinggabi o Ikalabíndalawá ng hatinggabí 2:00 A.M. - Alas dos ng madalíng araw (A las dos) o Ikalawá ng madalíng araw

References[edit]

^ Medina, Marielle (4 January 2017). "National Time Consciousness Week". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Inquirer Research. Retrieved 6 January 2018.  ^ "DOST urges Pinoys to follow PH Standard Time". Philippine News Agency. Philippine Canadian Inquirer. 5 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.  ^ R. H. van Gent. "A History of the International Date Line". Staff.science.uu.nl. Retrieved 30 December 2011.  ^ " Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
dates for Philippines
Philippines
Manila
Manila
between 2010 and 2019". timeanddate.com.  ^ Juan Time: Filipino time redefined ABS-CBN News ^ Cebu Daily News 2011 ^ "PHL Standard Time to counter 'Filipino time' starting June 1". GMA News Online.  ^ Are you on Philippine Standard Time? ABS-CBN News

Sources[edit]

Cebu Daily News (31 December 2011). "Clocks and countdowns set for 'Juan Time'". Archived from the original on 6 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Official time of the Philippines
Philippines
according to the Philippine Standard Time World Time Zone Abbreviations, Description and UTC Offset Time zone
Time zone
in Manila, Philippines

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