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CODIFICATION OF LAWS is a common practice in the
* 1 Tradition of codification
* 2 Codes in relation to Republic Acts
Philippine legal codes
TRADITION OF CODIFICATION
Codification is predominant in countries that adhere to the legal
system of civil law .
The practice of codification was retained during the period of American Occupation of the Philippine Islands, even though the United States was a common law jurisdiction. However, during that same period, many common law principles found their way into the legal system by way of legislation and by judicial pronouncements. Judicial precedents of the Philippine Supreme Court were accepted as binding , a practice more attuned to common law jurisdictions. Eventually, the Philippine legal system emerged in such a way that while the practice of codification remained popular, the courts were not barred from invoking principles developed under the common law, or from employing methods of statutory construction in order to arrive at an interpretation of the codal provisions that would be binding in itself in Philippine law.
Beginning in the American Occupation, there was an effort to revise the Spanish codes that had remained in force even after the end of Spanish rule. A new Revised Penal Code was enacted in 1930, while a new Civil Code took effect in 1950.
CODES IN RELATION TO REPUBLIC ACTS
See also: Republic Acts of the
Since the formation of local legislative bodies in the Philippines,
Philippine legal codes
Philippine legal codes
Still, the amendment of
Philippine legal codes
PHILIPPINE LEGAL CODES
LAWS COMMON NAME DATE ENACTED NOTES
Executive Order No. 292 Administrative Code of 1987 July 25, 1987
The Administrative Code “incorporates in a unified document the major structural, functional and procedural principles and rules of governance.” Its primary function is to prescribe the standards, guidelines and practices within the executive branch of government.
It is the Administrative Code which establishes the various Cabinet departments and offices falling within the executive branch of government, and under the direct control and supervision of the President . The Code also prescribes the administrative procedure undertaken in proceedings before the offices under the executive department.
Originally coming into effect in 1917, the code was revised and amended repeatedly, with the present code being enacted in 1987.
Presidential Decree No. 603 Child and Youth Welfare Code December 10, 1974
Republic Act No. 386 Civil Code June 18, 1949 The Civil Code governs private law in the Philippines, including obligations and contracts , succession , torts and damages , property . It was enacted in 1950. Book I of the Civil Code, which governed marriage and family law , was supplanted by the Family Code in 1987.
Republic Act No. 6657 Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Code June 10, 1988
Presidential Decree No. 961 Coconut Industry Code June 11, 1978
Spanish Code of Commerce, Extended by Royal Decree Code of Commerce 1888
Republic Act No. 6938 Cooperative Code March 10, 1990
Batas Pambansa Blg. 68
Executive Order No. 209 Family Code July 6, 1987 Superseded Book I of the Civil Code, which governed marriage and family law .
Republic Act No. 9514 Fire Code December 19, 2008
Republic Act No. 8550 The Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998 February 25, 1998
Republic Act No. 8491 Flag and Heraldic Code February 12, 1998
Presidential Decree No. 389 Forest Reform Code February 5, 1974
Republic Act No. 10607 Insurance Code August 15, 2013
Republic Act No. 8293 Intellectual Property Code June 6, 1997 The Intellectual Property Code governs the protection of intellectual property in the Philippines. Initially, the legal protection of intellectual property was contained in a few provisions in the Civil Code . However, the growing concern over intellectual property protection led to the passage of more comprehensive special laws until the final codification of intellectual property law through the Code, enacted in 1997.
Presidential Decree No. 442 Labor Code May 1, 1974 The Labor Code, enacted in 1974, governs employment practices and labor relations in the Philippines.
Republic Act No. 4136 Land Transportation and Traffic Code June 20, 1964
Republic Act No. 7160
Local Government Code
October 10, 1991
The Local Government Code, enacted in 1991, establishes the system
and powers of the local government in the
Republic Act No. 9296 Meat Inspection Code May 12, 2004
Presidential Decree No. 1083 Muslim Code of Personal Laws February 4, 1977
Presidential Decree No. 1096 National Building Code February 19, 1977
Executive Order No. 51 National Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and Supplements October 20, 1986
Commonwealth Act No. 466 National Internal Revenue Code June 15, 1939
Batas Pambansa Blg. 881 Omnibus Election Code December 3, 1985
Presidential Decree No. 1152 Philippine Environment Code June 6, 1977
Act No. 3815
Revised Penal Code
December 8, 1930
The Revised Penal Code contains the general penal laws of the
Presidential Decree No. 856 Sanitation Code December 23, 1975
Presidential Decree No. 1445 State Auditing Code June 11, 1978
Republic Act No. 8424 Tax Code/National Internal Revenue Code December 11, 1997 The National Internal Revenue Code is the law establishing the system of national taxation in the Philippines. The most recent extensive revision of the Code occurred in 1997, although the Code was amended in 2005 to expand the coverage and rates of value-added tax .
The taxes imposed by the Code include a graduated income tax on all income earned by natural and juridical persons within the Philippines, a capital gains tax , excise tax on certain products, a donor\'s tax , an estate tax , and a value-added tax on the sale of most goods and services in the Philippines.
Real property taxes are considered as local , rather than national
taxes, and are covered instead under the Local Government Code.
Republic Act No. 1937 Tariff and Customs Code June 22, 1957
Presidential Decree No. 1067 Water Code December 31, 1976
* ^ In Re: Shoop, 21 Phil. 213 (1920) * ^ See Sections 8 and 9 of the Civil Code of the Philippines. * ^ Also known as Batas Pambansa durin