The PHILHARMONIA ORCHESTRA is a British orchestra based in London. It
was founded in 1945 by
The Philharmonia Orchestra performs more than 160 concerts a year and tours widely, and also records music for films and computer games. Since its inception in 1945, the Philharmonia has commissioned more than 100 compositions from composers that include Sir Harrison Birtwistle, Sir Peter Maxwell Davies, Mark-Anthony Turnage and James MacMillan.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Early decades * 1.2 Recent decades
* 2 Recordings * 3 Other activities * 4 Principal Conductors * 5 References * 6 External links
The orchestra was founded in 1945 by
In its early years, with financial support of the Last Maharaja of
Jayachamaraja Wodeyar Bahadur
In 1954, Karajan was elected music director of the Berlin
Orchestra and subsequently curtailed his work with the
Philharmonia. Needing to find a new conductor for the orchestra, Legge
On 10 March 1964, Legge announced that he was going to disband the Philharmonia Orchestra. At a recording session with Klemperer, a meeting was convened where those present unanimously agreed that they would not allow the orchestra to be disbanded. Klemperer gave his immediate support. On 17 March 1964, the members of the orchestra elected their own governing body and adopted the name New Philharmonia Orchestra. The inaugural concert of the New Philharmonia under its own auspices took place on 27 October 1964. It was a performance of Beethoven 's Symphony No. 9 , conducted by Klemperer, who was now honorary president of the orchestra. From 1966 until 1972, the chairman of the orchestra was the principal flautist, Gareth Morris .
The orchestra gave many more live performances after it became self-governing than it had under Legge's management. It reacquired the rights to the name "Philharmonia Orchestra" in 1977, and has been known by that name ever since.
Klemperer retired from conducting in 1971, but was officially still
the orchestra's principal conductor until his death in 1973. For the
two intervening years,
In November 2006, the orchestra announced the appointment of Esa-Pekka Salonen as its fifth principal conductor, effective from the 2008–2009 season. Salonen had made his first conducting appearance with the Philharmonia in 1983 at the age of 25, his first such engagement outside Scandinavia: on short notice he took over Mahler 's Third Symphony for an indisposed Michael Tilson Thomas . Salonen has since then conducted the orchestra regularly. From 1985 to 1994 he served as principal guest conductor. His initial three-year contract as principal conductor was extended twice, through the end of the 2016–17 season. In January 2017, the orchestra announced that Salonen had signed a new, rolling/evergreen contract as principal conductor.
Vladimir Ashkenazy currently has the title of conductor laureate with
the Philharmonia. Past principal guest conductors of the orchestra
have included Sir
Charles Mackerras . In March 2017, the orchestra
announced the appointment of
The Philharmonia is one of the most recorded orchestras in the world,
with over one thousand recordings on such labels as
EMI , CBS ,
Deutsche Grammophon , and Naxos , and more recently several
self-produced recordings. One of its earliest recordings was the last
concert ever conducted by
Antal Doráti conducted the orchestra in recordings for Mercury
Living Presence (Tchaikovsky Suites for Orchestra, 1966) and EMI
Bartók Violin Concerto No. 1 featuring
Yehudi Menuhin , 1965).
Esa-Pekka Salonen has conducted several commercial recordings with the
Philharmonia, including music of
The Philharmonia has also been heard on the soundtracks of many films, performing the musical scores of such classics as David Lean 's film version of Oliver Twist (1948). The Philharmonia recorded two out of the eight pieces in the Walt Disney film Fantasia 2000 (" Rhapsody in Blue " and "The Sorcerer\'s Apprentice "). More recently, the Philharmonia has recorded soundtracks for such films as Avengers: Age of Ultron , Fury , Thor: The Dark World , and Iron Man 3 .
The Philharmonia has recorded many video game soundtracks, including those for all of EA Games' Harry Potter video games, as well as the Fable and Medal of Honor games, Battlefield , Lord of the Rings: War in the North , Star Wars: The Old Republic , and more.
The Philharmonia has been one of the most active orchestras in exploring new ways of distributing its music, through live performances available in a large video archive, which are also distributed as video podcasts, and on Vimeo and YouTube.
The Philharmonia worked closely with Touch Press and Esa-Pekka Salonen to create The Orchestra , an iOS app which features performances of eight works representing three centuries of symphonic music. It allows real-time selection of multiple video and audio tracks, along with an automatically synchronized score and graphical note-by-note visualization of each piece as it is played.
Its i Orchestra initiative involved a number of groundbreaking uses of technology to share music, using digital initiatives, exhibitions, installations, and pop-up concerts, to bring music to people outside the concert hall
Herbert von Karajan (1948–1954, unofficial de facto)
* ^ Schwarzkopf, p. 91
* ^ Schwarzkopf, p. 93
* ^ Schwarzkopf, pp. 92–94
* ^ Schwarzkopf, p. 92
* ^ Schwarzkopf, pp. 260–277
* ^ "Philharmonia
Orchestra Announces Salonen As Principal
Conductor". Philharmonia. 21 November 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
* ^ Martin Kettle (17 November 2006). "
* Hill, Ralph (ed) (1951). Music 1951. Harmondsworth: Penguin. OCLC 635928181 * Schwarzkopf, Elisabeth (1982). On and Off the Record: A Memoir of Walter Legge. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-11928-X