HOME
The Info List - Philadelphia


--- Advertisement ---



Philadelphia
Philadelphia
(/ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə/) is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and the sixth-most populous city in the United States, with an estimated population of 1,567,872[7] and more than 6 million in the seventh-largest metropolitan statistical area, as of 2016[update].[5] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is the economic and cultural anchor of the Delaware
Delaware
Valley, located along the lower Delaware
Delaware
and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. The Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.[6] William Penn, an English Quaker, founded the city in 1682 to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Colony.[10] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
played an instrumental role in the American Revolution
American Revolution
as a meeting place for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 at the Second Continental Congress, and the Constitution at the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Convention of 1787. Several other key events occurred in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
during the Revolutionary War including the First Continental Congress, the preservation of the Liberty Bell, the Battle of Germantown, and the Siege of Fort Mifflin. Philadelphia was one of the nation's capitals during the revolution, and served as temporary U.S. capital while Washington, D.C., was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
became a major industrial center and a railroad hub. The city grew from an influx of European immigrants, most of whom came from Ireland, Italy
Italy
and Germany—the three largest reported ancestry groups in the city as of 2015[update].[11] In the early 20th century, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
became a prime destination for African Americans
African Americans
during the Great Migration after the Civil War,[12] as well as Puerto Ricans.[13] The city's population doubled from one million to two million people between 1890 and 1950. The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
area's many universities and colleges make it a top study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub.[14][15] According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
area had a gross domestic product of US$431 billion in 2016, the eighth-largest metropolitan economy in the United States.[16] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and is home to five Fortune 1000
Fortune 1000
companies. The Philadelphia skyline
Philadelphia skyline
is expanding, with a market of almost 81,900 commercial properties in 2016,[17] including several nationally prominent skyscrapers.[18] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has more outdoor sculptures and murals than any other American city.[19][20] Fairmount Park, when combined with the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park
Wissahickon Valley Park
in the same watershed, is one of the largest contiguous urban park areas in the United States.[21] The city is known for its arts, culture, and colonial history which attracted 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent $6.8 billion, generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact in the city and surrounding four counties of Pennsylvania.[22] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has also emerged as a biotechnology hub.[23] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is the birthplace of the United States
United States
Marine Corps,[24][25] and is also the home of many U.S. firsts, including the first library (1731),[26] hospital (1751),[26] medical school (1765),[27] national capital (1774),[28] stock exchange (1790),[26] zoo (1874),[29] and business school (1881).[30] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
contains 67 National Historic Landmarks and the World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
of Independence Hall.[31] The city became a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities in 2015,[32] as the first World Heritage City in the United States.[15]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Topography 2.2 Cityscape

2.2.1 City planning 2.2.2 Architecture

2.3 Climate

2.3.1 Air quality

3 Demographics

3.1 Religion 3.2 Languages 3.3 Dialect

4 Economy 5 Culture

5.1 Arts 5.2 Cuisine

6 Sports

6.1 Olympic bidding

7 Parks 8 Law
Law
and government

8.1 Courts 8.2 Politics 8.3 Crime

9 Education

9.1 Primary and secondary education 9.2 Higher education

10 Media

10.1 Newspapers 10.2 Radio 10.3 Television

11 Infrastructure

11.1 Transportation

11.1.1 Airports 11.1.2 Roads 11.1.3 Bus service 11.1.4 Rail 11.1.5 Walk Score
Walk Score
ranks

11.2 Utilities

12 Notable people 13 Sister Cities 14 Gallery 15 See also 16 Notes 17 References 18 Further reading 19 External links

History Main articles: History of Philadelphia
History of Philadelphia
and Timeline of Philadelphia

An 18th-century map of Philadelphia, circa 1752

Before Europeans arrived, the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
area was home to the Lenape (Delaware) Indians in the village of Shackamaxon. The Lenape
Lenape
are a Native American tribe and First Nations
First Nations
band government.[33] They are also called Delaware
Delaware
Indians,[34] and their historical territory was along the Delaware River
Delaware River
watershed, western Long Island, and the Lower Hudson Valley.[a] Most Lenape
Lenape
were pushed out of their Delaware homeland during the 18th century
18th century
by expanding European colonies, exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts.[34] Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseases, mainly smallpox, and violent conflict with Europeans. Iroquois
Iroquois
people occasionally fought the Lenape. Surviving Lenape
Lenape
moved west into the upper Ohio River
Ohio River
basin. The American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
and United States' independence pushed them further west. In the 1860s, the United States
United States
government sent most Lenape
Lenape
remaining in the eastern United States
United States
to the Indian Territory
Indian Territory
(present-day Oklahoma
Oklahoma
and surrounding territory) under the Indian removal
Indian removal
policy. In the 21st century, most Lenape
Lenape
reside in Oklahoma, with some communities living also in Wisconsin, Ontario
Ontario
(Canada) and their traditional homelands. Europeans came to the Delaware Valley
Delaware Valley
in the early 17th century, with the first settlements founded by the Dutch, who in 1623 built Fort Nassau on the Delaware River
Delaware River
opposite the Schuylkill River
Schuylkill River
in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey. The Dutch considered the entire Delaware River valley to be part of their New Netherland
New Netherland
colony. In 1638, Swedish settlers led by renegade Dutch established the colony of New Sweden
Sweden
at Fort Christina
Fort Christina
(present-day Wilmington, Delaware) and quickly spread out in the valley. In 1644, New Sweden
Sweden
supported the Susquehannocks in their military defeat of the English colony of Maryland. In 1648, the Dutch built Fort Beversreede
Fort Beversreede
on the west bank of the Delaware, south of the Schuylkill near the present-day Eastwick neighborhood, to reassert their dominion over the area. The Swedes responded by building Fort Nya Korsholm, or New Korsholm, after a town in Finland
Finland
with a Swedish majority. In 1655, a Dutch military campaign led by New Netherland
New Netherland
Director-General Peter Stuyvesant
Peter Stuyvesant
took control of the Swedish colony, ending its claim to independence. The Swedish and Finnish settlers continued to have their own militia, religion, and court, and to enjoy substantial autonomy under the Dutch. The English conquered the New Netherland
New Netherland
colony in 1664, though the situation did not change substantially until 1682 when the area was included in William Penn's charter for Pennsylvania. In 1681, in partial repayment of a debt, Charles II of England
Charles II of England
granted Penn a charter for what would become the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
colony. Despite the royal charter, Penn bought the land from the local Lenape
Lenape
to be on good terms with the Native Americans and ensure peace for his colony.[35] Penn made a treaty of friendship with Lenape
Lenape
chief Tammany under an elm tree at Shackamaxon, in what is now the city's Fishtown neighborhood.[36] Penn named the city Philadelphia, which is Greek for brotherly love, derived from the Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
terms φίλος phílos (beloved, dear) and ἀδελφός adelphós (brother, brotherly). As a Quaker, Penn had experienced religious persecution and wanted his colony to be a place where anyone could worship freely. This tolerance, far more than afforded by most other colonies, led to better relations with the local native tribes and fostered Philadelphia's rapid growth into America's most important city.[37]

Benjamin Franklin, 1777

Penn planned a city on the Delaware River
Delaware River
to serve as a port and place for government. Hoping that Philadelphia
Philadelphia
would become more like an English rural town instead of a city, Penn laid out roads on a grid plan to keep houses and businesses spread far apart, with areas for gardens and orchards. The city's inhabitants did not follow Penn's plans, however, as they crowded by the Delaware River
Delaware River
port, and subdivided and resold their lots.[38] Before Penn left Philadelphia for the last time, he issued the Charter
Charter
of 1701 establishing it as a city. Though poor at first, the city became an important trading center with tolerable living conditions by the 1750s. Benjamin Franklin, a leading citizen, helped improve city services and founded new ones, such as fire protection, a library, and one of the American colonies' first hospitals. A number of philosophical societies were formed, which were centers of the city's intellectual life: the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Society for Promoting Agriculture (1785), the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Society for the Encouragement of Manufactures and the Useful Arts (1787), the Academy of Natural Sciences (1812), and the Franklin Institute
Franklin Institute
(1824).[39] These societies developed and financed new industries, attracting skilled and knowledgeable immigrants from Europe. Philadelphia's importance and central location in the colonies made it a natural center for America's revolutionaries. By the 1750s, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
had surpassed Boston
Boston
to become the largest city and busiest port in British America, and second in the British Empire after London.[40][41] The city hosted the First Continental Congress (1774) before the Revolutionary War; the Second Continental Congress (1775–76),[42] which signed the United States
United States
Declaration of Independence, during the war; and the Constitutional Convention (1787) after the war. Several battles were fought in and near Philadelphia
Philadelphia
as well.

President's House – the presidential mansion of George Washington and John Adams, 1790–1800

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
served as the temporary capital of the United States while the new capital was under construction in the District
District
of Columbia from 1790 to 1800.[43] In 1793, the largest yellow fever epidemic in U.S. history killed approximately 4,000 to 5,000 people in Philadelphia, or about 10% of the city's population.[44][45] The state capital was moved to Lancaster in 1799, then Harrisburg in 1812, while the federal government was moved to Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
in 1800 upon completion of the White House
White House
and U.S. Capitol building. The city remained the young nation's largest until the late 18th century, being both a financial and a cultural center for America. In 1816, the city's free black community founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), the first independent black denomination in the country, and the first black Episcopal Church. The free black community also established many schools for its children, with the help of Quakers. New York City
New York City
surpassed Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in population by 1790. Large-scale construction projects for new roads, canals, and railroads made Philadelphia
Philadelphia
the first major industrial city in the United States. Throughout the 19th century, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
hosted a variety of industries and businesses, the largest being textiles. Major corporations in the 19th and early 20th centuries included the Baldwin Locomotive Works, William Cramp & Sons Shipbuilding Company, and the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad.[46] Industry, along with the U.S. Centennial, was celebrated in 1876 with the Centennial Exposition, the first official World's Fair in the United States. Immigrants, mostly from Ireland
Ireland
and Germany, settled in Philadelphia and the surrounding districts. These immigrants were largely responsible for the first general strike in North America in 1835, in which workers in the city won the ten-hour workday. The city was a destination for thousands of Irish immigrants fleeing the Great Famine in the 1840s; housing for them was developed south of South Street and later occupied by succeeding immigrants. They established a network of Catholic churches and schools and dominated the Catholic clergy for decades. Anti-Irish, anti-Catholic nativist riots erupted in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in 1844. The rise in population of the surrounding districts helped lead to the Act of Consolidation of 1854, which extended the city limits from the 2 square miles (5.2 km2) of Center City to the roughly 134 square miles (350 km2) of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
County.[47][48] In the latter half of the century, immigrants from Russia, Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
and Italy, and African Americans from the southern U.S. settled in the city.[49] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
was represented by the Washington Grays in the American Civil War. The African-American population of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
increased from 31,699 to 219,559 between 1880 and 1930.[50][51] Twentieth-century black newcomers were part of the Great Migration out of the rural south to northern and midwestern industrial cities.

The Birth of Pennsylvania, 1680, by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris
Jean Leon Gerome Ferris
- William Penn, holding paper, and King Charles II

Penn's Treaty with the Indians
Penn's Treaty with the Indians
by Benjamin West

John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence - the Committee of Five presents their draft in Independence Hall, June 28, 1776.[52]

Opening day ceremonies at the Centennial Exhibition
Centennial Exhibition
at Memorial Hall, 1876 - first World's Fair in the United States

By the 20th century, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
had become known as "corrupt and contented", with an entrenched Republican political machine and a complacent population.[53] The first major reform came in 1917 when outrage over the election-year murder of a police officer led to the shrinking of the City Council from two houses to just one.[54] In July 1919, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
was one of more than 36 industrial cities nationally to suffer a race riot of ethnic whites against blacks during Red Summer, in post-World War I unrest, as recent immigrants competed with blacks for jobs. In the 1920s, the public flouting of Prohibition laws, organized crime, mob violence, and police involvement in illegal activities led to the appointment of Brig. Gen. Smedley Butler
Smedley Butler
of the U.S. Marine Corps as director of public safety, but political pressure prevented any long-term success in fighting crime and corruption.[55] In 1940, non-Hispanic whites constituted 86.8% of the city's population.[56] The population peaked at more than two million residents in 1950, then began to decline with the restructuring of industry, which led to the loss of many middle-class union jobs. In addition, suburbanization had enticed many of the more affluent residents to outlying railroad commuting towns and newer housing. The resulting reduction in Philadelphia's tax base and the resources of local government caused the city to struggle through a long period of adjustment, with it approaching bankruptcy by the late 1980s.[57][58] Revitalization and gentrification of neighborhoods began in the late 1970s and continues into the 21st century, with much of the development occurring in the Center City and University City neighborhoods. After many of the old manufacturers and businesses left Philadelphia
Philadelphia
or shut down, the city started attracting service businesses and began to market itself more aggressively as a tourist destination. Glass-and-granite skyscrapers were built in Center City beginning in the 1980s. Historic areas such as Old City and Society Hill were renovated during the reformist mayoral era of the 1950s through the 1980s, making those areas among the most desirable neighborhoods in Center City. These developments have begun a reversal of the city's population decline between 1950 and 2000 during which it lost about one-quarter of its residents.[59][60] The city eventually began experiencing a growth in its population in 2007, which has continued with gradual yearly increases to the present.[61][7] Geography

Landsat simulated-color image of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and the Delaware
Delaware
River

Topography The geographic center of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is located approximately at 40° 0′ 34″ north latitude and 75° 8′ 0″ west longitude. The 40th parallel north passes through neighborhoods in Northeast Philadelphia, North Philadelphia, and West Philadelphia
West Philadelphia
including Fairmount Park. The city encompasses 142.71 square miles (369.62 km2), of which 134.18 square miles (347.52 km2) is land and 8.53 square miles (22.09 km2), or 6%, is water.[4] Natural bodies of water include the Delaware
Delaware
and Schuylkill rivers, the lakes in Franklin Delano Roosevelt Park, and Cobbs, Wissahickon, and Pennypack creeks. The largest artificial body of water is the East Park Reservoir in Fairmount Park. The lowest point is 10 feet (3 m) above sea level, while the highest point is in Chestnut Hill, about 445 feet (136 m) above sea level near the intersection of Germantown Avenue and Bethlehem Pike.[62] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is situated on the Fall Line that separates the Atlantic coastal plain from the Piedmont.[63] The rapids on the Schuylkill River at East Falls were inundated by the completion of the dam at the Fairmount Water Works.[64] The city is the seat of its own county. The adjacent counties are Montgomery to the northwest; Bucks to the north and northeast; Burlington County, New Jersey, to the east; Camden County, New Jersey, to the southeast; Gloucester County, New Jersey, to the south; and Delaware
Delaware
County to the southwest.

Cityscape

Panoramic view of the Center City skyline, viewed across the Delaware River from the east in Camden, New Jersey
Camden, New Jersey
with the Comcast Center
Comcast Center
and the spired One Liberty Place, the two tallest skyscrapers in 2008

Skyline at twilight from the southwest on the South Street Bridge, 2016 (annotated version)

Skyline at night from the northwest on the Spring Garden Street Bridge with Comcast Technology Center
Comcast Technology Center
toward left with crane on roof, 2017 (annotated version)

City planning See also: List of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
neighborhoods

A Portraiture of the City of Philadelphia, by Thomas Holme
Thomas Holme
– the first map of Philadelphia, ca. 1683

Philadelphia's central city was created in the 17th century following the plan by William Penn's surveyor Thomas Holme. Center City is structured with long straight streets running nearly due east-west and north-south, forming a grid pattern between the Delaware
Delaware
and Schuylkill rivers that is aligned with their courses. The original city plan was designed to allow for easy travel and to keep residences separated by open space that would help prevent the spread of fire.[65] Penn planned the creation of five public parks in the city which were renamed in 1824[65] (new names in parenthesis): Centre Square (Penn Square),[66] Northeast Square (Franklin Square), Southeast Square (Washington Square), Southwest Square (Rittenhouse Square), and Northwest Square (Logan Circle/Square).[67] Center City had an estimated 183,240 residents as of 2015[update], making it the second-most populated downtown area in the United States, after Midtown Manhattan
Midtown Manhattan
in New York City.[68] Philadelphia's neighborhoods are divided into large sections—North, Northeast, South, Southwest Philadelphia, West, and Northwest—surrounding Center City, which corresponds closely with the city's limits before consolidation in 1854. Each of these large areas contains numerous neighborhoods, some of whose boundaries derive from the boroughs, townships, and other communities that constituted Philadelphia County
Philadelphia County
before their inclusion within the city.[69] The City Planning Commission, tasked with guiding growth and development of the city, has divided the city into 18 planning districts as part of the Philadelphia2035 physical development plan.[70][71] Much of the city's 1980 zoning code was overhauled from 2007 to 2012 as part of a joint effort between former mayors John F. Street and Michael Nutter. The zoning changes were intended to rectify incorrect zoning maps in order to facilitate future community development, as the city forecasts an additional 100,000 residents and 40,000 jobs will be added by 2035. The Philadelphia Housing Authority
Philadelphia Housing Authority
is the largest landlord in Pennsylvania. Established in 1937, it is the nation's fourth-largest housing authority, housing about 84,000 people and employing 1,250. In 2013, its budget was $371 million.[72] The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Parking Authority works to ensure adequate parking for city residents, businesses and visitors.[73] Architecture Main articles: Architecture of Philadelphia
Architecture of Philadelphia
and List of tallest buildings in Philadelphia

Juxtaposition of architectural styles in Center City, showing One Liberty Place and City Hall

Philadelphia's architectural history dates back to colonial times and includes a wide range of styles. The earliest structures were constructed with logs, but brick structures were common by 1700. During the 18th century, the cityscape was dominated by Georgian architecture, including Independence Hall
Independence Hall
and Christ Church. In the first decades of the 19th century, Federal and Greek Revival architecture were the dominant styles produced by Philadelphia architects such as Benjamin Latrobe, William Strickland, John Haviland, John Notman, Thomas Walter, and Samuel Sloan.[74] Frank Furness is considered Philadelphia's greatest architect of the second half of the 19th century. His contemporaries included John McArthur Jr., Addison Hutton, Wilson Eyre, the Wilson Brothers, and Horace Trumbauer. In 1871, construction began on the Second Empire-style Philadelphia
Philadelphia
City Hall. The Philadelphia Historical Commission
Philadelphia Historical Commission
was created in 1955 to preserve the cultural and architectural history of the city. The commission maintains the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Register of Historic Places, adding historic buildings, structures, sites, objects and districts as it sees fit.[75] In 1932, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
became home to the first modern International Style skyscraper in the United States, the PSFS Building, designed by George Howe and William Lescaze. The 548 ft (167 m) City Hall remained the tallest building in the city until 1987 when One Liberty Place was completed. Numerous glass and granite skyscrapers were built in Center City beginning in the late 1980s. In 2007, the Comcast Center
Comcast Center
surpassed One Liberty Place to become the city's tallest building. The Comcast Technology Center
Comcast Technology Center
is under construction in Center City with an expected completion in 2018. The new tower will reach a height of 1,121 ft (342 m), and will be the tallest building in the United States
United States
outside of Manhattan and Chicago.[18] For much of Philadelphia's history, the typical home has been the row house. The row house was introduced to the United States
United States
via Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in the early 19th century
19th century
and, for a time, row houses built elsewhere in the United States
United States
were known as "Philadelphia rows".[74] A variety of row houses are found throughout the city, from Federal-style continuous blocks in Old City and Society Hill
Society Hill
to Victorian-style homes in North Philadelphia
North Philadelphia
to twin row houses in West Philadelphia. While newer homes have been built recently, much of the housing dates to the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, which has created problems such as urban decay and vacant lots. Some neighborhoods, including Northern Liberties and Society Hill, have been rehabilitated through gentrification.[76][77]

Elfreth's Alley, "Our nation's oldest residential street", dating to 1702[78]

Second Bank of the United States
United States
exhibiting Greek Revival architecture, 1824

Second Empire-style Philadelphia
Philadelphia
City Hall, 1871–1901, from N. Broad Street

Delancey Street row homes in Society Hill
Society Hill
exhibiting Federal architecture

Climate

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    3     40 26

    2.7     44 28

    3.8     53 34

    3.6     64 44

    3.7     74 54

    3.4     83 64

    4.4     87 69

    3.5     85 68

    3.8     78 60

    3.2     67 48

    3     56 39

    3.6     45 30

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Metric conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    77     5 −4

    67     7 −2

    96     12 1

    90     18 7

    94     23 12

    87     28 18

    110     31 21

    89     30 20

    96     26 16

    81     19 9

    76     13 4

    90     7 −1

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

According to the Köppen climate classification, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
falls under the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate zone (Köppen Cfa),[79] whereas according to the Trewartha climate classification, the city has a temperate maritime climate (Do).[80] Summers are typically hot and muggy, fall and spring are generally mild, and winter is moderately cold. The plant life hardiness zones are 7a and 7b, representing an average annual extreme minimum temperature between 0 °F (−18 °C) and 10 °F (−12 °C).[81] Snowfall is highly variable with some winters having only light snow while others include major snowstorms. The normal seasonal snowfall averages 22.4 in (57 cm), with rare snowfalls in November or April, and rarely any sustained snow cover.[82] Seasonal snowfall accumulation has ranged from trace amounts in 1972–73 to 78.7 inches (200 cm) in the winter of 2009–10.[82][b] The city's heaviest single-storm snowfall was 30.7 in (78 cm) which occurred in January 1996.[83] Precipitation
Precipitation
is generally spread throughout the year, with eight to eleven wet days per month,[84] at an average annual rate of 41.5 inches (1,050 mm), but historically ranging from 29.31 in (744 mm) in 1922 to 64.33 in (1,634 mm) in 2011.[82] The most rain recorded in one day occurred on July 28, 2013 when 8.02 in (204 mm) fell at Philadelphia
Philadelphia
International Airport.[82] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has a moderately sunny climate with an average of 2,500 hours of sunshine annually, and a percentage of sunshine ranging from 47% in December to 61% in June, July, and August.[85] The January daily average temperature is 33.0 °F (0.6 °C),[86] though the temperature frequently rises to 50 °F (10 °C) during thaws and dips to 10 °F (−12 °C) for 2 or 3 nights in a normal winter.[86] July averages 78.1 °F (25.6 °C),[86] although heat waves accompanied by high humidity and heat indices are frequent, with highs reaching or exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) on 27 days of the year. The average window for freezing temperatures is November 6 thru April 2,[82] allowing a growing season of 217 days. Early fall and late winter are generally dry with February having the lowest average precipitation at 2.64 inches (67 mm). The dewpoint in the summer averages between 59.1 °F (15 °C) and 64.5 °F (18 °C).[82] The highest recorded temperature was 106 °F (41 °C) on August 7, 1918, but temperatures at or above 100 °F (38 °C) are not common.[87][c] The lowest officially recorded temperature was −11 °F (−24 °C) on February 9, 1934.[87] Temperatures at or below 0 °F (−18 °C) are rare with the last such occurrence being January 19, 1994.[82] The record low maximum is 5 °F (−15 °C) on February 10, 1899, and December 30, 1880, while the record high minimum is 83 °F (28 °C) on July 23, 2011, and July 24, 2010.

Climate data for Philadelphia
Philadelphia
( Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Airport), 1981–2010 normals,[d] extremes 1872–present[e]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 74 (23) 79 (26) 87 (31) 95 (35) 97 (36) 102 (39) 104 (40) 106 (41) 102 (39) 96 (36) 84 (29) 73 (23) 106 (41)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 62.0 (16.7) 62.7 (17.1) 73.6 (23.1) 83.2 (28.4) 89.1 (31.7) 94.2 (34.6) 96.4 (35.8) 94.7 (34.8) 89.8 (32.1) 81.7 (27.6) 72.3 (22.4) 63.5 (17.5) 97.5 (36.4)

Average high °F (°C) 40.3 (4.6) 43.8 (6.6) 52.7 (11.5) 63.9 (17.7) 73.8 (23.2) 82.7 (28.2) 87.1 (30.6) 85.3 (29.6) 78.0 (25.6) 66.6 (19.2) 56.0 (13.3) 44.8 (7.1) 64.6 (18.1)

Daily mean °F (°C) 33.0 (0.6) 35.7 (2.1) 43.5 (6.4) 54.0 (12.2) 63.9 (17.7) 73.3 (22.9) 78.1 (25.6) 76.6 (24.8) 69.1 (20.6) 57.5 (14.2) 47.6 (8.7) 37.5 (3.1) 55.9 (13.3)

Average low °F (°C) 25.6 (−3.6) 27.7 (−2.4) 34.4 (1.3) 44.1 (6.7) 54.0 (12.2) 63.8 (17.7) 69.2 (20.7) 67.9 (19.9) 60.3 (15.7) 48.4 (9.1) 39.2 (4) 30.1 (−1.1) 47.1 (8.4)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 8.7 (−12.9) 12.7 (−10.7) 19.4 (−7) 31.6 (−0.2) 42.0 (5.6) 52.2 (11.2) 59.8 (15.4) 57.8 (14.3) 47.2 (8.4) 35.8 (2.1) 26.0 (−3.3) 15.8 (−9) 6.4 (−14.2)

Record low °F (°C) −7 (−22) −11 (−24) 5 (−15) 14 (−10) 28 (−2) 44 (7) 51 (11) 44 (7) 35 (2) 25 (−4) 8 (−13) −5 (−21) −11 (−24)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.03 (77) 2.65 (67.3) 3.79 (96.3) 3.56 (90.4) 3.71 (94.2) 3.43 (87.1) 4.35 (110.5) 3.50 (88.9) 3.78 (96) 3.18 (80.8) 2.99 (75.9) 3.56 (90.4) 41.53 (1,054.9)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 6.5 (16.5) 8.8 (22.4) 2.9 (7.4) 0.5 (1.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.3 (0.8) 3.4 (8.6) 22.4 (56.9)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.6 9.4 10.5 11.3 11.1 9.8 9.9 8.4 8.7 8.6 9.3 10.6 118.2

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.4 3.6 1.8 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 1.8 12.2

Average relative humidity (%) 66.2 63.6 61.7 60.4 65.4 67.8 69.6 70.4 71.6 70.8 68.4 67.7 67.0

Mean monthly sunshine hours 155.7 154.7 202.8 217.0 245.1 271.2 275.6 260.1 219.3 204.5 154.7 137.7 2,498.4

Percent possible sunshine 52 52 55 55 55 61 61 61 59 59 52 47 56

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990) [82][86][85]

Air quality Philadelphia County
Philadelphia County
received an ozone grade of F and a 24-hour particle pollution rating of D in the American Lung Association's 2017 State of the Air report, which analyzed data from 2013–15.[90][91] The city was ranked 22nd for ozone, 20th for short-term particle pollution, and 11th for year-round particle pollution.[92] According to the same report, the city experienced a significant reduction in high ozone days since 2001—from nearly 50 days per year to fewer than 10—along with fewer days of high particle pollution since 2000—from about 19 days per year to about 3—and an approximate 30% reduction in annual levels of particle pollution since 2000.[91] Five of the ten largest combined statistical areas (CSAs) were ranked higher for ozone: Los Angeles
Los Angeles
(1st), New York City
New York City
(9th), Houston (12th), Dallas
Dallas
(13th), and San Jose (18th). Many smaller CSAs were also ranked higher for ozone including Sacramento (8th), Las Vegas (10th), Denver
Denver
(11th), El Paso (16th), and Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
(20th); however, only two of those same ten CSAs—San Jose and Los Angeles—were ranked higher than Philadelphia
Philadelphia
for both year-round and short-term particle pollution.[92] Demographics Main article: Demographics of Philadelphia See also: History of the Irish Americans
Irish Americans
in Philadelphia, History of the Italian Americans
Italian Americans
in Philadelphia, History of the Jews
Jews
in Philadelphia, and LGBT
LGBT
culture in Philadelphia

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1683 600 —    

1731 12,000 +1900.0%

1790 28,522 +137.7%

1800 41,220 +44.5%

1810 53,722 +30.3%

1820 63,802 +18.8%

1830 80,462 +26.1%

1840 93,665 +16.4%

1850 121,376 +29.6%

1860 565,529 +365.9%

1870 674,022 +19.2%

1880 847,170 +25.7%

1890 1,046,964 +23.6%

1900 1,293,697 +23.6%

1910 1,549,008 +19.7%

1920 1,823,779 +17.7%

1930 1,950,961 +7.0%

1940 1,931,334 −1.0%

1950 2,071,605 +7.3%

1960 2,002,512 −3.3%

1970 1,948,609 −2.7%

1980 1,688,210 −13.4%

1990 1,585,577 −6.1%

2000 1,517,550 −4.3%

2010 1,526,006 +0.6%

2016 1,567,872 +2.7%

Populations for City of Philadelphia, not for Philadelphia
Philadelphia
County. Population for Philadelphia County
Philadelphia County
was 54,388 (including 42,520 urban) in 1790; 81,009 (including 69,403 urban) in 1800; 111,210 (including 91,874 urban) in 1810; 137,097 (including 112,772 urban) in 1820; 188,797 (including 161,410 urban) in 1830; 258,037 (including 220,423 urban) in 1840; and 408,762 (including 340,045 urban) in 1850. Under Act of Consolidation, 1854, City of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
absorbed the various districts, boroughs, townships, other suburbs, and remaining rural area in Philadelphia County
Philadelphia County
as the consolidated City and County of Philadelphia. Source: [7][93][94][95][96][97]

According to the 2016 United States
United States
Census Bureau estimate, there were 1,567,872 people residing in Philadelphia, representing a 2.7% increase from the 2010 census.[7] After the 1950 Census, when a record high of 2,071,605 was recorded, the city's population began a long decline. The population dropped to a low of 1,488,710 residents in 2006 before beginning to rise again. From 2006 to 2016, Philadelphia added 79,162 residents. In 2015, the Census Bureau estimated that the racial composition of the city was 41.5% Black (non-Hispanic), 35.8% White (non-Hispanic), 13.4% Hispanic or Latino, 6.8% Asian, 0.2% Native Americans, 0.03% Pacific Islanders, and 2.0% multiracial.[98]

Census racial composition 2015*[98] 2010[99] 2000 1990[100] 1980[100] 1970[100]

Black (includes Black Hispanics) 42.8% 43.4% 43.2% 39.9% 37.8% 33.6%

—non-Hispanic Black 41.5% 42.2% 42.6% 39.3% 37.5% 33.3%[f]

White (includes White Hispanics) 41.7% 41.0% 45.0% 53.5% 58.2% 65.6%

—non-Hispanic White 35.8% 36.9% 42.5% 52.1% 57.1% 63.8[f]

Hispanic or Latino
Latino
(of any race) 13.4% 12.3% 8.5% 5.6% 3.8% 2.4%[f]

Asian 6.8% 6.3% 4.5% 2.7% 1.1% 0.3%

Pacific Islanders 0.03% 0.05% 0.0% 0.0%

Native Americans 0.2% 0.5% 0.3% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%

Two or more races 2.0% 2.8% 2.2% n/a[101] n/a n/a

* 2015 figures are estimates

Map of racial distribution in Philadelphia, 2010 Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanic, or Other.

The 2010 Census redistricting data indicated that the racial makeup of the city was 644,287 (42.2%) Black (non-Hispanic), 562,585 (36.9%) White (non-Hispanic), 96,405 (6.3%) Asian (2.0% Chinese, 1.2% Indian, 0.9% Vietnamese, 0.4% Korean, 0.3% Filipino, 0.1% Japanese, and 1.4% other), 6,996 (0.5%) Native Americans, 744 (0.05%) Pacific Islanders, and 43,070 (2.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino
Latino
of any race were 187,611 persons (12.3%); 8.0% of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is Puerto Rican, 1.0% Mexican, 0.3% Cuban, and 3.0% other. The racial breakdown of Philadelphia's Hispanic/ Latino
Latino
population was 63,636 (33.9%) White, 17,552 (9.4%) Black, 3,498 (1.9%) Native American, 884 (0.47%) Asian, 287 (0.15%) Pacific Islander, 86,626 (46.2%) from other races, and 15,128 (8.1%) from two or more races.[99] The five largest European ancestries reported in the 2010 Census included Irish (13.0%), Italian (8.3%), German (8.2%), Polish (3.9%), and English (3.1%).[102] The average population density was 11,457 people per square mile (4,405.4/km²). The Census Bureau reported that 1,468,623 people (96.2% of the population) lived in households, 38,007 (2.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 19,376 (1.3%) were institutionalized.[99] In 2013, the city reported having 668,247 total housing units, down slightly from 670,171 housing units in 2010. As of 2013[update], 87 percent of housing units were occupied, while 13 percent were vacant, a slight change from 2010 where 89.5 percent of units were occupied, or 599,736 and 10.5 percent were vacant, or 70,435.[99][103] Of the city's residents, 32 percent reported having no vehicles available while 23 percent had two or more vehicles available, as of 2013[update].[103] In 2010, 24.9 percent of households reported having children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.3 percent were married couples living together and 22.5 percent had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0 percent had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2 percent were non-families. The city reported 34.1 percent of all households were made up of individuals while 10.5 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.20.[99] In 2013, the percentage of women who gave birth in the previous 12 months who were unmarried was 56 percent. Of Philadelphia's adults, 31 percent were married or lived as a couple, 55 percent were not married, 11 percent were divorced or separated, and 3 percent were widowed.[103] According to the Census Bureau, the median household income in 2013 was $36,836, down 7.9 percent from 2008 when the median household income was $40,008 (in 2013 dollars). For comparison, the median household income among metropolitan areas was $60,482, down 8.2 percent in the same period, and the national median household income was $55,250, down 7.0 percent from 2008.[103] The city's wealth disparity is evident when neighborhoods are compared. Residents in Society Hill
Society Hill
had a median household income of $93,720 while residents in one of North Philadelphia's districts reported the lowest median household income, $14,185.[103] During the last decade, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
experienced a large shift in its age profile. In 2000, the city's population pyramid had a largely stationary shape. In 2013, the city took on an expansive pyramid shape, with an increase in the three millennial age groups, 20 to 24, 25 to 29, and 30 to 34. The city's 25- to 29-year-old age group was the city's largest age cohort.[103] According to the 2010 Census, 343,837 (22.5%) were under the age of 18; 203,697 (13.3%) from 18 to 24; 434,385 (28.5%) from 25 to 44; 358,778 (23.5%) from 45 to 64; and 185,309 (12.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.5 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.[99] The city had 22,018 births in 2013, down from a peak 23,689 births in 2008. Philadelphia's death rate was at its lowest in at least a half-century, 13,691 deaths in 2013.[103] Another factor attributing to the population increase is Philadelphia's immigration rate. In 2013, 12.7 percent of residents were foreign-born, just shy of the national average, 13.1 percent.[103]

"Leacht Quimhneachain Na Gael", an Irish famine memorial at Penn's Landing honors the large Irish community (14.2% of the city's population).[104]

Irish, Italian, German, Polish, English, Russian, Ukrainian and French are the largest ethnic European groups in the city.[102] Philadelphia has the second-largest Irish and Italian populations in the United States, after New York City. South Philadelphia
South Philadelphia
remains one of the largest Italian neighborhoods in the country and is home to the Italian Market. The Pennsport neighborhood and Gray's Ferry section of South Philadelphia, home to many Mummer clubs, are well known as Irish neighborhoods. The Kensington, Port Richmond, and Fishtown neighborhoods have historically been heavily Irish and Polish. Port Richmond is well known in particular as the center of the Polish immigrant and Polish-American community in Philadelphia, and it remains a common destination for Polish immigrants. Northeast Philadelphia, although known for its Irish and Irish-American population, is also home to a large Jewish and Russian population. Mount Airy in Northwest Philadelphia
Northwest Philadelphia
also contains a large Jewish community, while nearby Chestnut Hill is historically known as an Anglo-Saxon Protestant community.

Gayborhood street sign

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is also home to a significant gay and lesbian population. Philadelphia's Gayborhood, which is located near Washington Square, is home to a large concentration of gay and lesbian friendly businesses, restaurants, and bars.[105][106] The Black American population in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is the third-largest in the country, after New York City
New York City
and Chicago. Historically, West Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and North Philadelphia
North Philadelphia
were largely black neighborhoods, but many are leaving those areas in favor of the Northeast and Southwest sections of Philadelphia. There is a higher proportion of Muslims in the Black American population than most cities in America. West Philadelphia
West Philadelphia
also has significant Caribbean
Caribbean
and African immigrant populations.[107] The Puerto Rican population in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is the second-largest after New York City, and the second fastest-growing after Orlando.[108] There are large Puerto Rican and Dominican populations in North Philadelphia
North Philadelphia
and the Northeast, as well as a significant Mexican population in South Philadelphia.[109] Philadelphia's Asian American population originated mainly from China, India, Vietnam, South Korea
South Korea
and the Philippines. Chinatown and the Northeast have the largest Asian populations, with a large Korean community in the North Philadelphia
North Philadelphia
neighborhood of Olney. South Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is also home to large Cambodian, Vietnamese, and Chinese communities. Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has the fifth largest Muslim
Muslim
population among American cities.[110] Religion

Interior of the Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul

According to a 2014 study by the Pew Research Center, 68% of the population of the city identified themselves as Christian, with 41% professing attendance at a variety of churches that could be considered Protestant, 26% professing Catholic beliefs, and less than 1% are Mormons, while the remaining 24% claim no religious affiliation. The same study says that other religions collectively compose about 8% of the population, including Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism.[111][112] The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
metropolitan area's Jewish population was estimated at 206,000 in 2001, which was the sixth largest in the United States at that time.[113] Other religious groups in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
include Buddhism
Buddhism
in Chinatown, and Caribbean
Caribbean
and traditional African religions in North and West Philadelphia. Historically, the city has strong connections to the Quakers, Unitarian Universalism, and the Ethical Culture movement, all of which continue to be represented in the city. The Quaker
Quaker
Friends General Conference is based in Philadelphia. African diasporic religions are practiced in some Hispanic and Caribbean
Caribbean
communities in North and West Philadelphia.[114][115]

Languages

Italian Market, part of South Philadelphia's Italian heritage[116]

As of 2010[update], 79.12% (1,112,441) of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 9.72% (136,688) spoke Spanish, 1.64% (23,075) Chinese, 0.89% (12,499) Vietnamese, 0.77% (10,885) Russian, 0.66% (9,240) French, 0.61% (8,639) other Asian languages, 0.58% (8,217) African languages, 0.56% (7,933) Cambodian (Mon-Khmer), and Italian was spoken as a main language by 0.55% (7,773) of the population over the age of five. In total, 20.88% (293,544) of Philadelphia's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.[117] Dialect Main article: Philadelphia
Philadelphia
English The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
accent is considered by some to be the most distinctive accent in North America.[118] The dialect, which is spread throughout the Delaware Valley
Delaware Valley
and South Jersey, is part of Mid-Atlantic American English, and as such it is similar in many ways to the Baltimore
Baltimore
dialect. Unlike the Baltimore
Baltimore
dialect, however, the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
accent also shares many similarities with the New York accent. Thanks to over a century of linguistic data collected by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
under sociolinguist William Labov, the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
dialect has been one of the best-studied forms of American English.[119][120][g] The accent is traditionally found within the Irish American
Irish American
and Italian American working-class neighborhoods.[121] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
also has its own unique collection of neologisms and slang terms.[122] Economy Main articles: Economy of Philadelphia
Economy of Philadelphia
and List of companies based in the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
area

Top publicly traded companies headquartered in Philadelphia

Corporation Rank Revenue

Comcast 31 80.4

Aramark 192 14.4

Crown Holdings 333 8.3

Urban Outfitters 645 3.5

FMC 681 3.3

Revenue in billions for FY 2016

Source: Fortune[123]

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
with the headquarters of five Fortune 1000
Fortune 1000
companies located within city limits. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Philadelphia area had a total gross domestic product of $431 billion in 2016, the eighth-largest metropolitan economy in the United States.[16] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
was rated by the GaWC as a 'Beta' city in its 2016 ranking of world cities.[124] Philadelphia's economic sectors include financial services, health care, biotechnology, information technology, manufacturing, oil refining, food processing, and tourism. Financial activities account for the largest economic sector of the metropolitan area, which is also one of the largest health education and research centers in the United States.

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the United States

The city is home to the Philadelphia Stock Exchange
Philadelphia Stock Exchange
and some of the area's largest companies including cable television and internet provider Comcast, insurance companies Cigna, Colonial Penn, and Independence Blue Cross, energy company Sunoco, food services company Aramark, packaging company Crown Holdings, chemical makers FMC and Rohm and Haas, pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline, Boeing Rotorcraft Systems, apparel retailer Urban Outfitters, and automotive parts retailer Pep Boys. Philadelphia's annualized unemployment rate was 7.8% in 2014, down from 10% the previous year.[103] This is higher than the national average of 6.2%. Similarly, the rate of new jobs added to the city's economy lagged behind the national job growth. In 2014, about 8,800 jobs were added to the city's economy. Sectors with the largest number of jobs added were in education and health care, leisure and hospitality, and professional and business services. Declines were seen in the city's manufacturing and government sectors.[103] About 31.9% of the city's population was not in the labor force in 2015, the second highest percentage after Detroit. The city's two largest employers are the federal and city governments. Philadelphia's largest private employer is the University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
followed by the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.[103] A study commissioned by the city's government in 2011 projected 40,000 jobs would be added to the city within 25 years, raising the number of jobs from 675,000 in 2010 to an estimated 715,000 by 2035.[125] Philadelphia's history attracts many tourists, with the Independence National Historical Park (which includes the Liberty Bell, Independence Hall, and other historic sites) receiving over 5 million visitors in 2016.[126] The city welcomed 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent $6.8 billion—mostly on lodging and food—generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact in the city and surrounding four counties of Pennsylvania.[22] Culture Main article: Culture of Philadelphia See also: Cultural depictions of Philadelphia, List of National Historic Landmarks in Philadelphia, and List of sites of interest in Philadelphia

Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were adopted.

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is home to many national historical sites that relate to the founding of the United States. Independence National Historical Park is the center of these historical landmarks being one of the country's 22 UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites. Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed, and the Liberty Bell
Liberty Bell
are the city's most famous attractions. Other national historic sites include the homes of Edgar Allan Poe and Thaddeus Kosciuszko, early government buildings like the First and Second Banks of the United States, Fort Mifflin, and the Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church.[127] Philadelphia alone has 67 National Historic Landmarks, the third most of any city in the country.[127] Philadelphia's major science museums include the Franklin Institute, which contains the Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
National Memorial; the Academy of Natural Sciences; the Mütter Museum; and the University of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. History museums include the National Constitution Center, the Museum of the American Revolution, the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
History Museum, the National Museum of American Jewish History, the African American Museum in Philadelphia, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Masonic Library and Museum of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
in the Masonic Temple, and the Eastern State Penitentiary. Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is home to the United States' first zoo[128] and hospital,[129] as well as Fairmount Park, one of America's oldest and largest urban parks,[21] founded in 1855.[130] The city is home to important archival repositories, including the Library Company of Philadelphia, established in 1731 by Benjamin Franklin,[131] and the Athenaeum of Philadelphia, founded in 1814.[132] The Presbyterian Historical Society
Presbyterian Historical Society
is the country's oldest denominational historical society, organized in 1852.[133] Arts See also: List of public art in Philadelphia
List of public art in Philadelphia
and Music of Philadelphia

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Museum of Art, informally called the Art Museum

The city contains many art museums, such as the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Academy of the Fine Arts and the Rodin Museum, which holds the largest collection of work by Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
outside France. The city's major art museum, the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Museum of Art, is one of the largest art museums in the world. The long flight of steps to the Art Museum's main entrance became famous after the film Rocky
Rocky
(1976).[134] The city is home to the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Sketch Club, one of the country's oldest artists' clubs,[135] and The Plastic Club, started by women excluded from the Sketch Club.[136] Many Old City art galleries stay open late on the First Friday event of each month.[137] Annual events include film festivals and parades, the most famous being the Thanksgiving Day Parade and the Mummers Parade
Mummers Parade
on New Year's Day. Areas such as South Street and Old City have a vibrant night life. The Avenue of the Arts in Center City contains many restaurants and theaters, such as the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts, which is home to the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Orchestra, generally considered one of the top five orchestras in the United States, and the Academy of Music, the nation's oldest continually operating opera house, home of Opera Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Ballet.[134] The Wilma Theatre and the Philadelphia Theatre Company
Philadelphia Theatre Company
at the Suzanne Roberts Theatre produce a variety of new plays.[138][139] Several blocks to the east are the Walnut Street Theatre, claimed to be America's oldest and most subscribed-to theater in the world,[140] and the Lantern Theater Company at St. Stephens Episcopal Church.[141]

Keys To Community, a bust of Ben Franklin by James Peniston, 2007

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has more public art than any other American city.[142] In 1872, the Association for Public Art
Association for Public Art
(formerly the Fairmount Park
Fairmount Park
Art Association) was created as the first private association in the United States
United States
dedicated to integrating public art and urban planning.[143] In 1959, lobbying by the Artists Equity Association helped create the Percent for Art ordinance, the first for a U.S. city.[144] The program, which has funded more than 200 pieces of public art, is administered by the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Office of Arts and Culture, the city's art agency.[145] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has more murals than any other U.S. city, thanks in part to the 1984 creation of the Department of Recreation's Mural
Mural
Arts Program, which seeks to beautify neighborhoods and provide an outlet for graffiti artists. The program has funded more than 2,800 murals by professional, staff and volunteer artists and educated more than 20,000 youth in underserved neighborhoods throughout Philadelphia.[146] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
artists have had a prominent national role in popular music. In the 1970s, Philadelphia soul influenced the music of that and later eras.[147] On July 13, 1985, John F. Kennedy Stadium was the American venue for the Live Aid
Live Aid
concert.[148] The city also hosted the Live 8
Live 8
concert, which attracted about 700,000 people to the Benjamin Franklin Parkway on July 2, 2005.[149] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is home to the world-renowned Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Boys Choir & Chorale, which has performed its music all over the world.[150] The Philly Pops plays orchestral versions of popular jazz, swing, Broadway, and blues songs.[151] Famous rock and pop musicians from Philadelphia
Philadelphia
or its suburbs include Bill Haley & His Comets, Todd Rundgren
Todd Rundgren
and Nazz, Hall & Oates, The Hooters, Ween, Cinderella, and Pink. Local hip-hop artists include The Roots, DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince, The Goats, Schoolly D, Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes, and Meek Mill.

Kimmel Center, home of the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Orchestra

Academy of Music, home of Opera Philadelphia and the Pennsylvania Ballet

Walnut Street Theatre, the oldest continuously operating theatre in the English-speaking world

The atrium of the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Academy of the Fine Arts, the nation's oldest art school and art museum

Cuisine Main article: Cuisine of Philadelphia

Pat's Steaks and Geno's Steaks

The city is known for its hoagies, stromboli, scrapple, soft pretzels, water ice, Irish potato candy, Tastykakes, and the cheesesteak sandwich which was developed by Italian immigrants.[152] The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
area has many establishments that serve cheesesteaks, including restaurants, taverns, delicatessens and pizza parlors.[153][154][155] The originator of the thinly-sliced steak sandwich in the 1930s, initially without cheese, is Pat's King of Steaks, which faces its rival Geno's Steaks, founded in 1966,[156] across the intersection of 9th Street and Passyunk Avenue in the Italian Market of South Philadelphia.[157] McGillin's Olde Ale House, opened in 1860 on Drury Street in Center City, is the oldest continuously operated tavern in the city.[158] The City Tavern
Tavern
is a replica of a historic 18th-century building first opened in 1773, demolished in 1854 after a fire, and rebuilt in 1975 on the same site as part of Independence National Historical Park.[159] The tavern offers authentic 18th-century recipes, served in seven period dining rooms, three wine cellar rooms and an outdoor garden.[160] The Reading Terminal Market
Reading Terminal Market
is a historic food market founded in 1893 in the Reading Terminal
Reading Terminal
building, a designated National Historic Landmark. The enclosed market is one of the oldest and largest markets in the country, hosting over a hundred merchants offering Pennsylvania Dutch specialties, artisan cheese and meat, locally grown groceries, and specialty and ethnic foods.[161] Sports Main article: Sports in Philadelphia See also: U.S. cities with teams from four major league sports

Citizens Bank Park, home of the Phillies

Philadelphia's first professional sports team was baseball's Athletics, organized in 1860.[162] The Athletics were initially an amateur league team that turned professional in 1871, and then became a founding team of the current National League
National League
in 1876.[163] The city is one of 13 U.S. cities to have teams in all four major league sports: the Philadelphia Phillies
Philadelphia Phillies
in the National League
National League
of Major League Baseball, the Philadelphia Eagles
Philadelphia Eagles
of the National Football League, the Philadelphia Flyers
Philadelphia Flyers
of the National Hockey League, and the Philadelphia 76ers
Philadelphia 76ers
of the National Basketball Association. The Phillies, formed in 1883 as the Quakers
Quakers
and renamed in 1884,[164] are the oldest team continuously playing under the same name in the same city in the history of American professional sports.[165] The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
metro area is also home to the Philadelphia Union
Philadelphia Union
of Major League Soccer. The Union began playing their home games at Talen Energy Stadium in 2010, a soccer-specific stadium in Chester, Pennsylvania.[166]

The Flyers play at the Wells Fargo Center

The city's professional teams and their fans endured 25 years without a championship, from the 76ers 1983 NBA Finals win[167] until the Phillies 2008 World Series
2008 World Series
win.[168][169] The lack of championships was sometimes attributed in jest to the Curse of Billy Penn
Curse of Billy Penn
after One Liberty Place became the first building to surpass the height of the William Penn
William Penn
statue on top of City Hall's tower in 1987.[170] After ten years passed without another championship, the Eagles won their first Super Bowl in 2018.[171] In 2004, ESPN
ESPN
placed Philadelphia second on its list of The Fifteen Most Tortured Sports Cities.[172][173] Fans of the Eagles and Phillies were singled out as the worst fans in the country by GQ magazine in 2011, which used the subtitle of "Meanest Fans in America" to summarize incidents of drunken behavior and a history of booing.[174][175] Major professional sports teams that originated in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
but which later moved to other cities include the Golden State Warriors basketball team—in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
from 1946 to 1962[176]—and the Oakland Athletics
Oakland Athletics
baseball team—originally the Philadelphia Athletics from 1901 to 1954 (a different Athletics team than the one mentioned above).[177] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is home to professional, semi-professional and elite amateur teams in cricket, rugby league ( Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Fight), and rugby union. Major running events in the city include the Penn Relays
Penn Relays
(track and field), the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Marathon, and the Broad Street Run. The Philadelphia International Cycling Classic was held annually from 1985 to 2016, but not in 2017 due to insufficient sponsorship.[178] The Collegiate Rugby Championship is played every June at Talen Energy Stadium in Chester, Pennsylvania.[179]

Historic Boathouse Row
Boathouse Row
at night on the Schuylkill, a symbol of the city's rich rowing history

Rowing has been popular in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
since the 18th century.[180] Boathouse Row
Boathouse Row
is a symbol of Philadelphia's rich rowing history, and each Big Five member has its own boathouse.[181] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
hosts numerous local and collegiate rowing clubs and competitions, including the annual Dad Vail Regatta, which is the largest intercollegiate rowing event in North America with more than 100 U.S and Canadian colleges and universities participating;[182] the annual Stotesbury Cup Regatta, which is billed as the world's oldest and largest rowing event for high school students;[183][184] and the Head of the Schuylkill Regatta.[185] The regattas are held on the Schuylkill River and organized by the Schuylkill Navy, an association of area rowing clubs that has produced numerous Olympic rowers.[186] The Philadelphia Spinners
Philadelphia Spinners
were a professional ultimate team in Major League Ultimate (MLU) until 2016. The Spinners were one of the original eight teams of the American Ultimate Disc League
American Ultimate Disc League
(AUDL) that began in 2012. They played at Franklin Field
Franklin Field
and won the inaugural AUDL championship and the final MLU championship in 2016.[187] The MLU was suspended indefinitely by its investors in December 2016.[188] As of 2018[update], the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Phoenix continue to play in the AUDL.[189] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is home to the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Big 5, a group of five Division I college basketball programs. The Big 5 are Saint Joseph's University, University of Pennsylvania, La Salle University, Temple University, and Villanova University. The sixth NCAA Division I school in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is Drexel University. Villanova won the 2016 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament championship.[190]

Team League Sport Venue Capacity Founded Championships

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Phillies MLB Baseball Citizens Bank Park 46,528 1883 1980, 2008

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Eagles NFL American football Lincoln Financial Field 69,176 1933 1948, 1949, 1960, 2017

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
76ers NBA Basketball Wells Fargo Center 21,600 1963 1966–67, 1982–83

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Flyers NHL Ice hockey Wells Fargo Center 19,786 1967 1973–74, 1974–75

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Soul AFL Arena football Wells Fargo Center 17,597 2004 2008, 2016

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Union MLS Soccer Talen Energy Stadium 18,500 2010 none

Olympic bidding The city of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
placed four bids for Olympic Games in the 20th century—1920, 1948, 1952, and 1956—but lost each time.[191] In April 2013, Mayor Michael Nutter's office declared Philadelphia's interest in bidding for the 2024 Summer Olympics.[192] The city had earlier expressed interest in hosting the 2016 Olympics, but was not chosen as a finalist by the USOC.[192] In May 2015, Philadelphia withdrew from consideration for the 2024 Olympics. The cited reasons included scheduling difficulties as the 2015 World Meeting of Families and the 2016 Democratic National Convention were already in the planning stages, as well as the USOC's estimate of more than $3 billion in costs for an Olympics host city.[192][193] Parks

Fairmount Park, ca. 1900

Main article: Fairmount Park See also: List of parks in Philadelphia As of 2014[update], the total city parkland, including municipal, state and federal parks within the city limits, amounts to 11,211 acres (17.5 sq mi).[21] Philadelphia's largest park is Fairmount Park
Fairmount Park
which includes the Philadelphia Zoo
Philadelphia Zoo
and encompasses 2,052 acres (3.2 sq mi) of the total parkland, while the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park
Wissahickon Valley Park
contains 2,042 acres (3.2 sq mi).[194] Fairmount Park, when combined with Wissahickon Valley Park, is one of the largest contiguous urban park areas in the United States.[21] The two parks, along with the Colonial Revival, Georgian and Federal-style mansions contained in them, have been listed as one entity on the National Register of Historic Places since 1972.[195] Law
Law
and government

Old City Hall served as Philadelphia's town hall from 1800 to 1854.

From a governmental perspective, Philadelphia County
Philadelphia County
is a legal nullity, as all county functions were assumed by the city in 1952.[196] The city has been coterminous with the county since 1854.[48] Philadelphia's 1952 Home Rule Charter
Charter
was written by the City Charter Commission, which was created by the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
General Assembly in an act of April 21, 1949, and a city ordinance of June 15, 1949. The existing city council received a proposed draft on February 14, 1951, and the electors approved it in an election held April 17, 1951.[197] The first elections under the new Home Rule Charter
Charter
were held in November 1951, and the newly elected officials took office in January 1952.[196] The city uses the strong-mayor version of the mayor–council form of government, which is led by one mayor in whom executive authority is vested. The mayor has the authority to appoint and dismiss members of all boards and commissions without the approval of the city council. Elected at-large, the mayor is limited to two consecutive four-year terms, but can run for the position again after an intervening term.[197]

James A. Byrne United States
United States
Courthouse, houses the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit[198] and the United States District
District
Court for the Eastern District
District
of Pennsylvania.[199]

Courts The Philadelphia County
Philadelphia County
Court of Common Pleas (the First Judicial District
District
of Pennsylvania) is the trial court of general jurisdiction for the city, hearing felony-level criminal cases and civil suits above the minimum jurisdictional limit of $10,000. The court also has appellate jurisdiction over rulings from the Municipal and Traffic Courts, and some administrative agencies and boards. The trial division has 70 commissioned judges elected by the voters, along with about one thousand other employees.[200] The court also has a family division with 25 judges[201] and an orphans' court with three judges.[202] As of 2018[update], the city's District
District
Attorney is Larry Krasner, a Democrat.[203] The last Republican to hold the office is Ronald D. Castille, who left in 1991 and later served as the Chief Justice of the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Supreme Court from 2008 to 2014.[204] The Philadelphia Municipal Court
Philadelphia Municipal Court
handles misdemeanor and felony criminal cases with maximum incarceration of five years, and civil cases involving $12,000 or less ($15,000 in real estate and school tax cases), and all landlord-tenant disputes. The municipal court has 27 judges elected by the voters.[205] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Traffic Court is a court of special jurisdiction that hears violations of traffic laws.[206] As with magisterial district judges, the judges need not be lawyers, but must complete the certifying course and pass the qualifying examination administered by the Minor Judiciary Education Board.[207][208] Pennsylvania's three appellate courts also have sittings in Philadelphia. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, the court of last resort in the state, regularly hears arguments in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
City Hall.[209] The Superior Court of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
also sit in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
several times a year.[210][211] Judges for these courts are elected at large.[212] The state Supreme Court and Superior Court have deputy prothonotary offices in Philadelphia.[213][214] Additionally, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is home to the federal United States District
District
Court for the Eastern District
District
of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, both of which are housed in the James A. Byrne United States
United States
Courthouse.[215][216] Politics See also: List of mayors of Philadelphia
List of mayors of Philadelphia
and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
County, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
§ Politics

Jim Kenney, the current and 99th Mayor of Philadelphia

The current mayor is Jim Kenney
Jim Kenney
who won the election in November, 2015.[217] Kenney's predecessor was Michael Nutter
Michael Nutter
who had served two terms from 2009 to January 2016.[218] Kenney is a member of the Democratic Party as all Philadelphia
Philadelphia
mayors have been since 1952. Philadelphia City Council
Philadelphia City Council
is the legislative branch which consists of ten council members representing individual districts and seven members elected at-large, all of whom are elected to four-year terms.[219] Democrats currently hold 14 seats including nine of the ten districts and five at-large seats, while Republicans hold two at-large seats and the Northeast-based Tenth District. The current council president is Darrell L. Clarke.[220] As of December 31, 2016, there were 1,102,620 registered voters in Philadelphia.[221] Registered voters constitute 70.3% of the total population.[h]

Democratic: 853,140 (77.4%) Republican: 125,530 (11.4%) Other parties and unaffiliated: 123,950 (11.2%)[221]

Presidential Elections Results[222]

Year Republican Democratic Third Parties

2016 15.3% 108,748 82.3% 584,025 2.4% 16,845

2012 14.0% 96,467 85.2% 588,806 0.8% 5,503

2008 16.3% 117,221 83.0% 595,980 0.7% 4,824

2004 19.3% 130,099 80.4% 542,205 0.3% 1,765

2000 18.0% 100,959 80.0% 449,182 2.0% 11,039

...

1936 36.9% 329,881 60.5% 539,757 2.6% 23,310

1932 54.5% 331,092 42.9% 260,276 2.6% 15,651

...

1892 57.5% 116,685 41.6% 84,470 1.0% 1,947

1888 54.2% 111,358 45.2% 92,786 0.6% 1,300

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
was a bastion of the Republican Party from the American Civil War until the mid-1930s.[223][224] The city hosted the first Republican National Convention
Republican National Convention
in 1856.[225] Democratic registrations increased after the Great Depression; however, the city was not carried by Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
in his landslide victory of 1932 as Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
was one of only six states won by Republican Herbert Hoover. Voter turnout surged from 600,000 in 1932 to nearly 900,000 in 1936 and Roosevelt carried Philadelphia
Philadelphia
with over 60% of the vote. The city has voted Democratic in every presidential election since 1936. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
drew 83% of the city's vote. Obama's win was even greater in 2012, capturing 85% of the vote. In 2016, Democrat Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
won 82% of the vote.[222] As a result of the declining population in the city and state,[226] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has only three congressional districts of the 18 districts in Pennsylvania, based on the 2010 Census apportionment:[227] the 1st district, represented by Bob Brady; the 2nd, represented by Dwight Evans; and the 13th, represented by Brendan Boyle.[228] All three representatives are Democrats though Republicans still have some support in the city, primarily in the Northeast.[229] Sam Katz ran competitive mayoral races as the Republican nominee in 1999 and 2003, losing to Democrat John Street both times.[230][231] Pennsylvania's longest-serving Senator, Arlen Specter,[232] was an alumnus of the University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
who opened his first law practice in Philadelphia.[233] Specter served as a Republican from 1981 and as a Democrat from 2009, losing that party's primary in 2010 and leaving office in January 2011.[234] He had also been assistant counsel on the Warren Commission
Warren Commission
in 1964 and the city's district attorney from 1966 to 1974.[233] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has hosted various national conventions, including in 1848 (Whig), 1856 (Republican), 1872 (Republican), 1900 (Republican), 1936 (Democratic), 1940 (Republican), 1948 (Republican), 1948 (Progressive), 2000 (Republican), and 2016 (Democratic).[235] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has been home to one vice president, George M. Dallas,[236] and one Civil War general, George B. McClellan, who won his party's nomination for president but lost in the general election to Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
in 1864.[237] Crime Main article: Crime in Philadelphia

Police Administration Building (the Roundhouse) in Center City east of Chinatown

The police districts with the highest rates of violent crime are Frankford (15th district) and Kensington (24th district) in the Near Northeast, and districts to the North (22nd, 25th, and 35th districts), West (19th district) and Southwest (12th district) of Center City.[103] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
had 525 murders in 1990, a rate of 31.5 per 100,000. An average of about 600 murders occurred each year for most of the 1990s. The murder count dropped in 2002 to 288, then rose to 406 by 2006, before dropping slightly to 392 in 2007.[238] A few years later, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
began to see a rapid decline in homicides and violent crime. In 2013, the city had 246 murders, which is a decrease of nearly 40% since 2006.[239] In 2014, 248 homicides were committed. The homicide rate rose to 280 in 2015, then fell slightly to 277 in 2016, before rising again to 317 in 2017.[240] In 2006, Philadelphia's homicide rate of 27.7 per 100,000 people was the highest of the country's 10 most populous cities.[241] In 2012, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
had the fourth-highest homicide rate among the country's most populous cities. The rate dropped to 16 homicides per 100,000 residents by 2014 placing Philadelphia
Philadelphia
as the sixth-highest city in the country.[103]

Mounted police
Mounted police
officer in Center City, 1973

In 2004, there were 7,513.5 crimes per 200,000 people in Philadelphia.[242] Among its neighboring mid-Atlantic cities in the same population group, Baltimore
Baltimore
and Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
were ranked second- and third-most dangerous cities in the United States, respectively.[243] Camden, New Jersey, a city directly across the Delaware River
Delaware River
from Center City, was ranked as the most dangerous city in the United States.[243] The number of shootings in the city has declined significantly since the early years of the 21st century. Shooting incidents peaked at 1,857 in 2006 before declining nearly 44 percent to 1,047 shootings in 2014.[103] Major crimes have decreased gradually since a peak in 2006 when 85,498 major crimes were reported. The number of reported major crimes fell 11 percent in three years to 68,815 occurrences in 2014. Violent crimes, which include homicide, rape, aggravated assault, and robbery, decreased 14 percent in three years to 15,771 occurrences in 2014.[103] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
was ranked as the 76th most dangerous city in a 2018 report based on FBI data from 2016 for the rate of violent crimes per 1,000 residents in American cities with 25,000 or more people.[244] The latest four years of reports indicate a steady reduction in violent crime as the city placed 67th in the 2017 report,[245] 65th in 2016,[246] and 54th in 2015.[247] In 2014, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
decriminalized small amounts of marijuana, reducing penalties for possession and public use to minor fines and community service. The move makes Philadelphia
Philadelphia
the largest city in the United States
United States
to decriminalize pot.[248] Education Main article: Education in Philadelphia Primary and secondary education

William Penn
William Penn
Charter
Charter
School, established in 1689, is the oldest Quaker school in the nation

Education in Philadelphia is provided by many private and public institutions. The School District of Philadelphia
School District of Philadelphia
runs the city's public schools. The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
School District
District
is the eighth largest school district in the United States[249] with 142,266 students in 218 public schools and 86 charter schools as of 2014[update].[250] The city's K-12 enrollment in district run schools has dropped in the last five years from 156,211 students in 2010 to 130,104 students in 2015. During the same time period, the enrollment in charter schools has increased from 33,995 students in 2010 to 62,358 students in 2015.[103] This consistent drop in enrollment has led the city to close 24 of its public schools in 2013.[251] During the 2014 school year, the city spent an average of $12,570 per pupil, below the average among comparable urban school districts.[103] Graduation rates among district-run schools, meanwhile, have steadily increased in the last ten years. In 2005, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
had a district graduation rate of 52%. This number has increased to 65% in 2014, still below the national and state averages. Scores on the state's standardized test, the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
System of School Assessment (PSSA) have trended upward from 2005 to 2011 but have decreased since. In 2005, the district-run schools scored an average of 37.4% on math and 35.5% on reading. The city's schools reached its peak scores in 2011 with 59.0% on math and 52.3% on reading. In 2014, the scores dropped significantly to 45.2% on math and 42.0% on reading.[103] Of the city's public high schools, including charter schools, only four performed above the national average on the SAT
SAT
(1497 out of 2400[252]) in 2014: Masterman, Central, Girard, and MaST Community Charter
Charter
School. All other district-run schools were below average.[103] Higher education

Quadrangle at the University of Pennsylvania, one of the highest ranked universities in the world

Perelman School of Medicine, the oldest medical school in the United States

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has the third-largest student concentration on the East Coast, with over 120,000 college and university students enrolled within the city and nearly 300,000 in the metropolitan area.[253] There are over 80 colleges, universities, trade, and specialty schools in the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
region. One of the founding members of the Association of American Universities
Association of American Universities
is in the city, the University of Pennsylvania, an Ivy League
Ivy League
institution with claims to being the oldest university in the country.[254] The city's largest private school by number of students is Temple University, followed by Drexel University.[255] The University of Pennsylvania, Temple University
Temple University
and Drexel University
Drexel University
comprise the city's major research universities. Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is also home to five schools of medicine: Drexel University
Drexel University
College of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Temple University
Temple University
School of Medicine, and the Thomas Jefferson University. Hospitals, universities, and higher education research institutions in Philadelphia's four congressional districts received more than $252 million in National Institutes of Health grants in 2015.[256] Other institutions of higher learning within the city's borders include:

Community College of Philadelphia Saint Joseph's University La Salle University Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia
Philadelphia
University Chestnut Hill College Holy Family University Peirce College

University of the Sciences University of the Arts The Art Institute of Philadelphia Moore College of Art and Design Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Academy of the Fine Arts Curtis Institute of Music The Restaurant School at Walnut Hill College

Media See also: Media in Philadelphia Newspapers

Inquirer Building
Inquirer Building
- the newspaper's home until 2012

Philadelphia's two major daily newspapers are The Philadelphia Inquirer, first published in 1829—the third-oldest surviving daily newspaper in the country—and the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Daily News, first published in 1925.[257] The Daily News has been published as an edition of the Inquirer since 2009.[258] Recent owners of the Inquirer and Daily News have included Knight Ridder, The McClatchy Company, and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Media Holdings, with the latter organization declaring bankruptcy in 2010.[259] After two years of financial struggle, the newspapers were sold to Interstate General Media in 2012.[259] The two newspapers had a combined daily circulation of 306,831 and a Sunday circulation of 477,313 in 2013[update]—the eighteenth largest circulation in the country—while the website of the newspapers, Philly.com,[260] was ranked thirteenth in popularity among online U.S. newspapers by Alexa Internet
Alexa Internet
for the same year.[261] Smaller publications include the Philadelphia Tribune
Philadelphia Tribune
published five days each week for the African-American community;[262] Philadelphia magazine, a monthly regional magazine;[263] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Weekly, a weekly alternative newspaper;[264] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Gay
Gay
News, a weekly newspaper for the LGBT
LGBT
community;[265] The Jewish Exponent, a weekly newspaper for the Jewish community;[266] Al Día, a weekly newspaper for the Latino
Latino
community;[267] and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Metro, a free daily newspaper.[268] Student-run newspapers include the University of Pennsylvania's The Daily Pennsylvanian,[269] Temple University's The Temple News,[270] and Drexel University's The Triangle.[271] Radio The first experimental radio license was issued in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in August 1912 to St. Joseph's College. The first commercial AM radio stations began broadcasting in 1922: first WIP, then owned by Gimbels department store, followed by WFIL, then owned by Strawbridge & Clothier department store, and WOO, a defunct station owned by Wanamaker's
Wanamaker's
department store, as well as WCAU
WCAU
and WDAS.[272] As of 2018[update], the FCC lists 28 FM and 11 AM stations for Philadelphia.[273][274] As of December 2017, the ten highest-rated stations in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
were adult contemporary WBEB-FM (101.1), sports talk WIP-FM
WIP-FM
(94.1), classic rock WMGK-FM (102.9), urban adult contemporary WDAS-FM
WDAS-FM
(105.3), classic hits WOGL-FM (98.1), album-oriented rock WMMR-FM (93.3), country music WXTU-FM (92.5), all-news KYW-AM (1060), talk radio WHYY-FM
WHYY-FM
(90.9), and urban adult contemporary WRNB-FM (100.3).[275][276] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is served by three non-commercial public radio stations: WHYY-FM
WHYY-FM
(NPR),[277] WRTI-FM (classical and jazz),[278] and WXPN-FM (adult alternative music).[279] Television

Original WCAU
WCAU
studio at 1622 Chestnut Street

In the 1930s, the experimental station W3XE, owned by Philco, became the first television station in Philadelphia. The station became NBC's first affiliate in 1939, and later became KYW-TV
KYW-TV
(currently a CBS affiliate). WCAU-TV, WFIL-TV, and WHYY-TV
WHYY-TV
were all founded by the 1960s.[272] In 1952, WFIL
WFIL
(renamed WPVI) premiered the television show Bandstand, which later became the nationally broadcast American Bandstand hosted by Dick Clark.[280] Each commercial network has an affiliate, and call letters have been replaced by corporate branding for promotional purposes: CBS3, 6ABC, NBC10, PHL17, Fox29, The CW
The CW
Philly 57, UniMás
UniMás
Philadelphia, Telemundo62, and Univision65. The region is served also by public broadcasting stations WPPT-TV (Philadelphia), WHYY-TV
WHYY-TV
(Wilmington, Delaware
Delaware
and Philadelphia), WLVT-TV
WLVT-TV
(Lehigh Valley), and NJTV
NJTV
(New Jersey).[281] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has owned-and-operated stations for all five major English-language broadcast networks: NBC
NBC
– WCAU-TV, CBS
CBS
– KYW-TV, ABC – WPVI-TV, Fox – WTXF-TV, and The CW
The CW
– WPSG-TV. The major Spanish-language networks are Univision
Univision
– WUVP-DT, UniMás
UniMás
– WFPA-CD, and Telemundo
Telemundo
– WWSI-TV.[281] As of 2018[update], the city is the nation's fourth-largest consumer in media market, as ranked by the Nielsen Media Research
Nielsen Media Research
firm, with nearly 2.9 million TV households.[282] Infrastructure Transportation

30th Street Station
30th Street Station
in 2016.

Main article: Transportation in Philadelphia Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is served by the Southeastern Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Transportation Authority (SEPTA) which operates buses, trains, rapid transit (subway and elevated trains), trolleys, and trackless trolleys (electric buses) throughout Philadelphia, the four Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
suburban counties of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery, in addition to service to Mercer County, New Jersey
New Jersey
(Trenton) and New Castle County, Delaware
Delaware
(Wilmington and Newark, Delaware).[283] The city's subway system consists of two routes: the subway section of the Market–Frankford Line
Market–Frankford Line
running east–west under Market Street which opened in 1905 to the west and 1908 to the east of City Hall,[284] and the Broad Street Line
Broad Street Line
running north–south beneath Broad Street which opened in stages from 1928 to 1938.[285]

Market–Frankford Line
Market–Frankford Line
train departing 52nd Street station.

Beginning in the 1980s, large sections of the SEPTA
SEPTA
Regional Rail service to the far suburbs of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
were discontinued due to a lack of funding for equipment and infrastructure maintenance.[286][287][288] Philadelphia's 30th Street Station
30th Street Station
is a major railroad station on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
with 4.4 million passengers in 2017 making it the third-busiest station in the country after New York City's Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Station and Washington's Union Station.[289] 30th Street Station offers access to Amtrak,[290] SEPTA,[291] and NJ Transit lines.[292] Over 12 million SEPTA
SEPTA
and NJ Transit
NJ Transit
rail commuters use the station each year, and more than 100,000 people on an average weekday.[289] The PATCO Speedline
PATCO Speedline
provides rapid transit service to Camden, Collingswood, Westmont, Haddonfield, Woodcrest (Cherry Hill), Ashland (Voorhees), and Lindenwold, New Jersey, from stations on Locust Street between 16th and 15th, 13th and 12th, and 10th and 9th Streets, and on Market Street at 8th Street.[293] Airports

Control tower at Philadelphia
Philadelphia
International Airport

Two airports serve Philadelphia: the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
International Airport (PHL) is located 7 mi (11 km) south-southwest of Center City on the boundary with Delaware
Delaware
County, providing scheduled domestic and international air service,[294] while Northeast Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Airport (PNE) is a general aviation relief airport in Northeast Philadelphia
Northeast Philadelphia
serving general and corporate aviation.[295] Philadelphia International Airport
Philadelphia International Airport
is among the busiest airports in the world measured by traffic movements (i.e., takeoffs and landings).[296] More than 30 million passengers pass through the airport annually on 25 airlines, including all major domestic carriers. The airport has nearly 500 daily departures to more than 120 destinations worldwide.[294] SEPTA's Airport Regional Rail Line provides direct service between Center City railroad stations and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
International Airport.[297] Roads William Penn
William Penn
planned Philadelphia
Philadelphia
with numbered streets traversing north and south, and streets named for trees, such as Chestnut, Walnut, and Mulberry, traversing east and west. The two main streets were named Broad Street (the north-south artery, since designated Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Route 611) and High Street (the east-west artery, since renamed Market Street) converging at Centre Square which later became the site of City Hall.[298]

Traffic heading into Philadelphia
Philadelphia
on Interstate 95 during the morning rush hour.

Interstate 95 (the Delaware
Delaware
Expressway) traverses the southern and eastern edges of the city along the Delaware River
Delaware River
as the main north-south controlled-access highway. The city is also served by Interstate 76 (the Schuylkill Expressway) which runs along the Schuylkill River, intersecting the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Turnpike at King of Prussia and providing access to Harrisburg and points west. Interstate 676 (the Vine Street Expressway) links I-95 and I-76 through Center City by running below street level between the eastbound and westbound lanes of Vine Street. Entrance and exit ramps for the Benjamin Franklin Bridge are near the eastern end of the expressway, just west of the I-95 interchange.[299] The Roosevelt Boulevard and Expressway (U.S. 1) connect Northeast Philadelphia
Philadelphia
with Center City via I-76 through Fairmount Park. Woodhaven Road (Route 63) and Cottman Avenue (Route 73) serve the neighborhoods of Northeast Philadelphia, running between I-95 and the Roosevelt Boulevard. The Fort Washington Expressway (Route 309) extends north from the city's northern border, serving Montgomery County and Bucks County. U.S. Route 30 (Lancaster Avenue) extends westward from West Philadelphia
West Philadelphia
to Lancaster.[299]

Ben Franklin Bridge
Ben Franklin Bridge
at sunrise

Interstate 476
Interstate 476
(locally referred to as the Blue Route[300]) traverses Delaware
Delaware
County, bypassing the city to the west and serving the city's western suburbs, as well as providing a link to Allentown and points north. Interstate 276
Interstate 276
(the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Turnpike's Delaware
Delaware
River extension) acts as a bypass and commuter route to the north of the city as well as a link to the New Jersey
New Jersey
Turnpike and New York City.[299] The Delaware River
Delaware River
Port Authority operates four bridges in the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
area across the Delaware River
Delaware River
to New Jersey: the Walt Whitman Bridge (I-76), the Benjamin Franklin Bridge
Benjamin Franklin Bridge
(I-676 and U.S. 30), the Betsy Ross Bridge
Betsy Ross Bridge
( New Jersey
New Jersey
Route 90), and the Commodore Barry Bridge (U.S. 322 in Delaware
Delaware
County, south of the city).[301] The Burlington County Bridge Commission
Burlington County Bridge Commission
maintains two bridges across the Delaware
Delaware
River: the Tacony–Palmyra Bridge
Tacony–Palmyra Bridge
which connects PA Route 73 in the Tacony section of Northeast Philadelphia
Northeast Philadelphia
with New Jersey Route 73 in Palmyra, Camden County, and the Burlington–Bristol Bridge
Burlington–Bristol Bridge
which connects NJ Route 413/U.S. Route 130 in Burlington, New Jersey
New Jersey
with PA Route 413/U.S. 13 in Bristol Township, north of Philadelphia.[302] Bus service Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is a hub for Greyhound Lines. The Greyhound terminal is located at 1001 Filbert Street (at 10th Street) in Center City, southeast of the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Convention Center and south of Chinatown.[303] Several other bus operators provide service at the Greyhound terminal including Bieber Transportation Group,[304] Fullington Trailways,[305] Martz Trailways,[306] Peter Pan Bus Lines,[307] and New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit buses.[308] Other intercity bus services include Megabus with stops at 30th Street Station and the visitor center for Independence Hall,[309] and BoltBus (operated by Greyhound) at 30th Street Station.[310] Rail Main article: History of rail transport in Philadelphia

Suburban Station
Suburban Station
with Art Deco
Art Deco
architecture

Since the early days of rail transportation in the United States, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has served as a hub for several major rail companies, particularly the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad and the Reading Railroad. The Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad first operated Broad Street Station, then 30th Street Station and Suburban Station, and the Reading Railroad operated Reading Terminal, now part of the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Convention Center. The two companies also operated competing commuter rail systems in the area. The two systems now operate as a single system under the control of SEPTA, the regional transit authority. Additionally, the PATCO Speedline subway system and NJ Transit's Atlantic City Line
Atlantic City Line
operate successor services to southern New Jersey.[311] In 1911, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
had nearly 4,000 electric trolleys running on 86 lines.[312] In 2005, SEPTA
SEPTA
reintroduced trolley service to the Girard Avenue Line, Route 15.[313] SEPTA
SEPTA
operates six "subway-surface" trolleys that run on street-level tracks in West Philadelphia
West Philadelphia
and subway tunnels in Center City, along with two surface trolleys in adjacent suburbs.[314] Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is a regional hub of the federally owned Amtrak
Amtrak
system, with 30th Street Station
30th Street Station
being a primary stop on the Washington-Boston Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
and the Keystone Corridor
Keystone Corridor
to Harrisburg and Pittsburgh. 30th Street also serves as a major station for services via the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Railroad's former Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Main Line to Chicago. As of 2017[update], 30th Street is Amtrak's third-busiest station in the country, after New York City
New York City
and Washington.[289] Walk Score
Walk Score
ranks A 2017 study by Walk Score
Walk Score
ranked Philadelphia
Philadelphia
the fifth most walkable major city in the United States
United States
with a score of 79 out of 100, in the middle of the "very walkable" range. The city was just edged out by fourth place Miami (79.2), with the top three cities being New York, San Francisco, and Boston. Philadelphia
Philadelphia
placed fifth in the public transit friendly category, behind Washington, D.C., with the same three cities for walkability topping this category. The city ranked tenth in the bike friendly cities category, with the top three cities being Minneapolis, San Francisco and Portland.[315] The readers of USA Today
USA Today
newspaper voted the Schuylkill River
Schuylkill River
Trail the best urban trail in the nation in 2015.[316] Utilities

Fairmount Water Works, Philadelphia's second municipal waterworks

In 1815, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
began sourcing its water via the Fairmount Water Works located on the Schuylkill River, the nation's first major urban water supply system. In 1909, the Water Works was decommissioned as the city transitioned to modern sand filtration methods.[317] Today, the Philadelphia Water Department
Philadelphia Water Department
(PWD) provides drinking water, wastewater collection, and stormwater services for Philadelphia, as well as surrounding counties. PWD draws about 57 percent of its drinking water from the Delaware River
Delaware River
and the balance from the Schuylkill River.[318] The city has two filtration plants on the Schuylkill River
Schuylkill River
and one on the Delaware
Delaware
River. The three plants can treat up to 546 million gallons of water per day, while the total storage capacity of the combined plant and distribution system exceeds one billion gallons. The wastewater system consists of three water pollution control plants, 21 pumping stations, and about 3,657 miles (5,885 km) of sewers.[318] Exelon
Exelon
subsidiary PECO Energy Company, founded as the Brush Electric Light Company of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in 1881 and renamed Philadelphia Electric Company (PECO) in 1902, provides electricity to about 1.6 million customers and more than 500,000 natural gas customers in the southeastern Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
area including the city of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and most of its suburbs.[319] PECO is the largest electric and natural gas utility in the state with 472 power substations and nearly 23,000 miles (37,000 km) of electric transmission and distribution lines, along with 12,000 miles (19,000 km) of natural gas transmission, distribution & service lines.[320] Philadelphia Gas Works
Philadelphia Gas Works
(PGW), overseen by the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Public Utility Commission, is the nation's largest municipally-owned natural gas utility. PGW serves over 500,000 homes and businesses in the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
area.[321] Founded in 1836, the company came under city ownership in 1987 and has been providing the majority of gas distributed within city limits. In 2014, the City Council refused to conduct hearings on a $1.86 billion sale of PGW, part of a two-year effort that was proposed by the mayor. The refusal led to the prospective buyer terminating its offer.[322][323] Southeastern Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
was assigned the 215 area code in 1947 when the North American Numbering Plan
North American Numbering Plan
of the Bell System
Bell System
went into effect. The geographic area covered by the code was split nearly in half in 1994 when area code 610 was created, with the city and its northern suburbs retaining 215. Overlay area code 267 was added to the 215 service area in 1997, and 484 was added to the 610 area in 1999. A plan in 2001 to introduce a third overlay code to both service areas (area code 445 to 215, area code 835 to 610) was delayed and later rescinded.[324] In 2005, a low-cost, citywide Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
service was approved for installation in the city. Wireless Philadelphia
Philadelphia
would have been the first municipal internet utility in a large U.S. city, but the plan was abandoned in 2008 as EarthLink
EarthLink
pushed back the completion date several times. Mayor Nutter's administration closed the project in 2009 after an attempt to revitalize it failed.[325] Notable people Main article: List of people from Philadelphia Sister Cities

Chinatown Gate at 10th and Arch (2013), a symbol of Philadelphia's friendship with Tianjin

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has eight official sister cities designated by the Citizen Diplomacy International of Philadelphia:[326]

City Country Date

Florence[327]  Italy 1964

Tel Aviv[328]  Israel 1966

Toruń[329]  Poland 1976

Tianjin[330]  China 1979

Incheon[331]  South Korea 1984

Douala[332]  Cameroon 1986

Nizhny Novgorod[333]  Russia 1992

Frankfurt[334]  Germany 2015

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
also has three partnership cities or regions:[326]

City Country Date

Kobe[335]  Japan 1986

Abruzzo[336]  Italy 1997

Aix-en-Provence[337]  France 1999

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has dedicated landmarks to its sister cities. The Sister Cities Park, a site of 0.5 acres (2,400 sq yd) located at 18th and Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
Parkway within Logan Square, was dedicated in June 1976. The park was built to commemorate Philadelphia's first two sister city relationships, with Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
and Florence. The Toruń Triangle, honoring the sister city relationship with Toruń, Poland, was constructed in 1976, west of the United Way building at 18th Street and the Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
Parkway. Sister Cities Park was redesigned and reopened in 2012, featuring an interactive fountain honoring Philadelphia's sister and partnership cities, a café and visitor's center, children's play area, outdoor garden, and boat pond, as well as a pavilion built to environmentally friendly standards.[338][339] The Chinatown Gate, erected in 1984 and crafted by artisans of Tianjin, stands astride 10th Street, on the north side of its intersection with Arch Street, as a symbol of the sister city relationship. The CDI of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has participated in the U.S. Department of State's "Partners for Peace" project with Mosul, Iraq,[340] as well as accepting visiting delegations from dozens of other countries.[341] Gallery

Assembly Room, Independence Hall

Carpenters' Hall

Senate Chamber, Congress Hall

Merchants' Exchange Building

New Market and Head House

See additional Media related to Philadelphia
Philadelphia
at Wikimedia Commons. See also

Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
portal Philadelphia
Philadelphia
portal

Metropolitan areas in the United States Metropolitan areas in the Americas National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in Philadelphia

Notes

^ Description of the Lenape
Lenape
peoples ( Delaware
Delaware
nations) historic territories inside the divides of the frequently mountainous landforms flanking the Delaware
Delaware
River's drainage basin. These terrains encompass from South to North and then counter-clockwise:

the shores from the east-shore mouth of the river and the sea coast to Western Long Island
Long Island
(all of both colonial New Amsterdam
New Amsterdam
and New Sweden), and portions of Western Connecticut up to the latitude of the Massachusetts corner of today's boundaries—making the eastern bounds of their influence, thence their region extended: westerly past the region around Albany, NY
Albany, NY
to the Susquehanna River side of the Catskills, then southerly through the eastern Poconos outside the rival Susquehannock lands past Eastern Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
then southerly past the site of Colonial Philadelphia
Philadelphia
past the west bank mouth of the Delaware
Delaware
and extending south from that point along a stretch of sea coast in northern colonial Delaware.

The Susquehanna- Delaware
Delaware
watershed divides bound the frequently contested 'hunting grounds' between the rival Susquehannock
Susquehannock
peoples and the Lenape
Lenape
peoples, whilst the Catskills
Catskills
and Berkshires played a similar boundary role in the northern regions of their original colonial era range.

^ See North American blizzard of 2009#Snowfall
North American blizzard of 2009#Snowfall
(December 19–20, 2009), February 5–6, 2010 North American blizzard#Snowfall
February 5–6, 2010 North American blizzard#Snowfall
(February 5–6, 2010), and February 9–10, 2010 North American blizzard#Impact (February 9–10, 2010). The February 2010 storms contributed to a single month record accumulation of 51.5 in (131 cm). If no snow fell outside of February that season, 2009–10 would still rank as 5th-snowiest. See the Franklin Institute
Franklin Institute
for a visual representation of seasonal snowfall. ^ The last occurrence of such a temperature was July 18, 2012. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official temperature and precipitation measurements for Philadelphia were taken at the Weather Bureau Office in downtown from January 1872 to 19 June 1940, and at Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Int'l from 20 June 1940 to the present.[88] Snowfall and snow depth records date to 1 January 1884 and 1 October 1948, respectively.[82] In 2006, snowfall measurements were moved to National Park, New Jersey
New Jersey
directly across the Delaware River from the airport.[89] ^ a b c From 15% sample ^ E.g., in the opening chapter of The Handbook of Language Variation and Change (ed. Chambers et al., Blackwell 2002), J.K. Chambers writes that "variationist sociolinguistics had its effective beginnings only in 1963, the year in which William Labov presented the first sociolinguistic research report"; the dedication page of the Handbook says that Labov's "ideas imbue every page". ^ 1,102,620 / 1,567,872 = 70.3% (registered voters divided by 2016 population estimate)

References

^ "Art & Artifacts: Discover the Library Company's Art and Artifact Collection - Athens
Athens
of America". librarycompany.org. The Library Company of Philadelphia. Retrieved June 12, 2010.  ^ Robinson, Sam (November 5, 2013). "Behind Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Maneto: Dissecting The City Seal". hiddencityphila.org. Hidden City Philadelphia. Retrieved January 18, 2018. ^ McDevitt, John (May 5, 2015). "Plaque Dedication Marks 120th Anniversary of Creation of Philadelphia’s Flag". philadelphia.cbslocal.com. CBS
CBS
Broadcasting Inc. Retrieved January 18, 2018. ^ a b "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ a b "Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2014 to July 1, 2015 – United States
United States
– Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2017.  ^ a b "Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2014 to July 1, 2015 – United States
United States
– Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2017.  ^ a b c d e "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2015 Population". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2017.  ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States
United States
Geological Survey. February 2, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2008.  ^ Brookes, Karin (2005). Zoë Ross, ed. Insight Guides: Philadelphia and Surroundings (Second Edition (Updated) ed.). APA Publications. pp. 21–22. ISBN 1-58573-026-2.  ^ "American FactFinder – People Reporting Ancestry". factfinder.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2017. Click on 'Add/Remove Geographies', enter 'Philadelphia', select city or county (same result either way), click on 'Show Table'.  ^ Great Migration - Black History - HISTORY.com, History.com, retrieved April 9, 2017  ^ The Puerto Rican Diaspora: Historical Perspectives, by Carmen Whalen and Víctor Vázquez-Hernández, Temple University
Temple University
Press, 2008, p. 90. ^ Tucker, Laura (November 25, 2014). "Philadelphia". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. Retrieved October 11, 2015.  ^ a b Sisak, Michael A. (November 6, 2015). " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Becomes First World Heritage City in US". ABC News Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on November 8, 2015. Retrieved November 6, 2015.  ^ a b "Gross Metropolitan Product". U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. September 20, 2017. Retrieved November 26, 2017.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
PA". CrediFi. Retrieved October 16, 2016.  ^ a b "Philadelphia's Newest Skyscraper: The Comcast
Comcast
Innovation and Technology Center". Visit Philadelphia. Retrieved April 3, 2015.  ^ "Gateway to Public Art in Philadelphia". fpaa.org. Fairmount Park Art Association. August 10, 2011. Archived from the original on August 10, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2017. according to the Smithsonian Institution, Philadelphia
Philadelphia
has more outdoor sculpture than any other city in the country [ Save Outdoor Sculpture!
Save Outdoor Sculpture!
program].  ^ " Mural
Mural
Arts Philadelphia
Philadelphia
– Press kit" (PDF). muralarts.org. Mural Arts Philadelphia. Retrieved December 6, 2017. Mural
Mural
Arts Philadelphia is the nation’s largest public art program...creating nearly 4,000 artworks that have transformed public spaces.  ^ a b c d "2014 City Park Facts" (PDF). tpl.org. The Trust for Public Land. pp. 9, 25, 28. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 20, 2016. Retrieved January 6, 2017.  ^ a b " Visit Philadelphia 2017 Annual Report" (PDF). visitphilly.com. Visit Philadelphia. p. 6. Retrieved December 5, 2017.  ^ Amy He (June 17, 2017). "Chinese company helps boost Philadelphia
Philadelphia
as biotech sector". China
China
Daily. Retrieved December 10, 2017.  ^ "U.S. Marine Corps Decade Timeline".  ^ "Marine Corps marks its founding in Philly in 1775". Philadelphia Media Network.  ^ a b c " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Firsts 1681–1899". USHistory. Retrieved April 30, 2015.  ^ "John Morgan (1735–1789)". Penn in the 18th Century. Archived from the original on July 3, 2008.  ^ "The Nine Capitals of the United States". United States
United States
Senate. Retrieved December 5, 2017.  ^ "About the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Zoo". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Zoo. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.  ^ "About Wharton". The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved April 30, 2015.  ^ "Independence Hall". UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre.  ^ "Philadelphia's new branding as World Heritage City". ovpm.org. Organization of World Heritage Cities. Retrieved March 5, 2018. ^ Pritzker 422 ^ a b Josephy 188–189 ^ Brookes, Karin; John Gattuso, Lou Harry, Edward Jardim, Donald Kraybill, Susan Lewis, Dave Nelson and Carol Turkington (2005). Zoë Ross, ed. Insight Guides: Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Surroundings (Second Edition (Updated) ed.). APA Publications. p. 21. ISBN 1-58573-026-2. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Weigley RF (eds); et al. (1982). Philadelphia: A 300-Year History. New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 4–5. ISBN 0-393-01610-2. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Avery, Ron (1999). A Concise History of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: Otis Books. p. 19. ISBN 0-9658825-1-9.  ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 7, 14 – 16 ^ "Explore PA History website". Explorepahistory.com. Retrieved December 23, 2010.  ^ Lew, Alan A. (2004). "Chapter 4 – The Mid-Atlantic and Megalopolis". Geography: USA. Northern Arizona University. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015.  ^ Rappleye, Charles (2010). Robert Morris: Financier of the American Revolution. New York City: Simon and Schuster. p. 13. ISBN 1-4165-7091-8.  ^ "View of Philadelphia, Circa 1770". Library of Congress. World Digital Library. Retrieved January 4, 2014.  ^ Insight Guides: Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Surroundings, pages 30–33 ^ "Part 3: Philadelphia/The Yellow Fever Epidemic". Africans in America. PBS Online. 1998.  ^ Arnebeck, Bob (January 30, 2008). "A Short History of Yellow Fever in the US". Benjamin Rush, Yellow Fever and the Birth of Modern Medicine. Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. Retrieved December 4, 2008.  ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 214, 218, 428 – 429 ^ "A Brief History of Philadelphia". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
History. ushistory.org. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013. Retrieved December 14, 2006.  ^ a b "Consolidation Act of 1854". Retrieved September 17, 2014.  ^ Insight Guides: Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Surroundings, pages 38–39 ^ "Notes on the historical development of population in West Philadelphia", University of Pennsylvania. ^ " Detroit
Detroit
and the Great Migration, 1916–1929 by Elizabeth Anne Martin". Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan. July 5, 2007. Archived from the original on June 15, 2008.  ^ John Hazelton, The Historical Value of Trumbull's - Declaration of Independence, The Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Magazine of History and Biography - Volume 31, (Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1907), 38. ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 535, 537 ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 563 – 564 ^ Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, pages 578 – 581 ^ "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012.  ^ "Continuing Economic Decline: A Foreboding Future for Philadelphia" (PDF). White Paper. October 15, 1996. Retrieved September 29, 2015.  ^ "Philadelphia's Changing Middle Class: After Decades of Decline, Prospects for Growth". www.pewtrusts.org. Retrieved September 29, 2015.  ^ Insight Guides: Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Surroundings, pages 44–45 ^ A Concise History of Philadelphia, page 78 ^ "Census: Phila. keeps on growing" (archive). by Dylan Purcell and Karie Simmons. March 14, 2013. philly.com. Interstate General Media, LLC. Retrieved November 26, 2017. ^ "USGS Geography: The National Map". Retrieved December 17, 2007.  (Example coordinates of high point: Latitude: 40° 04′ 37″, Longitude: −75° 12′ 29″.) ^ Railsback, Bruce. "The Fall Line." GEOL 1122: Earth's History of Global Change. University of Georgia
University of Georgia
Department of Geology. ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Neighborhoods and Place Names, A–K". Philadelphia Information Locator System. ^ a b Daly, Molly (February 4, 2011). "A Guide To Philadelphia's 'Squares'". CBS
CBS
Philly. Retrieved April 29, 2015.  ^ " Philadelphia City Hall
Philadelphia City Hall
location". philadelphiabuildings.org. The Athenaeum of Philadelphia. Retrieved November 27, 2017. ^ "Franklin Square History". Historic Philadelphia. Retrieved April 29, 2015.  ^ Maria Panaritis (April 22, 2015). "(Greater) Center City's population second only to Midtown Manhattan's". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 15, 2015.  ^ Insight Guides: Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Surroundings. p. 58.  ^ "About Philadelphia2035". Retrieved April 29, 2015.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
2035: The Comprehensive Plan". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
City Planning Commission. Retrieved April 29, 2015.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Housing Authority". Pha.phila.gov. Retrieved December 24, 2013.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Parking Authority: History". Philapark.org. Archived from the original on January 26, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2013.  ^ a b Philadelphia: A 300-Year History. pp. 11, 41, 174–175, 251–253.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Historical Commission". Phila.gov. Retrieved April 11, 2009.  ^ Aitken, Joanne (June 3–19, 2004). "Breaking Ground". Philadelphia City Paper. Archived from the original on January 13, 2016.  ^ Mark Alan Hughes (June 1, 2000). "Dirt Into Dollars; Converting Vacant Land Into Valuable Development". Retrieved December 24, 2013.  ^ Historical marker on Elfreth's Alley ^ "Climate Summary for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania". Weatherbase. Retrieved September 17, 2014.  ^ Trewartha GT, Horn LH (1980) Introduction to climate, 5th edn. McGraw Hill, New York, NY ^ "USDA Plant
Plant
Hardiness Zone Map". usda.gov. United States
United States
Department of Agriculture. Retrieved December 6, 2017. Note: high resolution map, may be slow to download. ^ a b c d e f g h i "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 14, 2011.  ^ Lipman, Don (2013-01-07). "One wild storm: A look back at the 'Blizzard of '96'". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-12-19.  ^ "Average Days of Precipitation, .01 Inches or more". Archived from the original on June 20, 2006. Retrieved July 28, 2006.  ^ a b "WMO Climate Normals for PHILADELPHIA/INT'L ARPT PA 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-11.  ^ a b c d "Station Name: PA PHILADELPHIA INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-13.  ^ a b " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Record Highs and Lows". Retrieved April 3, 2007.  ^ ThreadEx; search for location= "PA - Philadelphia", variable= "Station thread" ^ Wood, Anthony R. "Snow total at airport gets a boost A new measuring station and technique likely contributed to two 8-inch-plus readings". Philly.com. The Inquirer. Archived from the original on 2014-07-28. Retrieved 2014-06-10.  ^ "State of the Air 2017 – Methodology and Acknowledgements". American Lung Association. Retrieved December 8, 2017.  ^ a b " Philadelphia County
Philadelphia County
– State of the Air 2017". American Lung Association. Retrieved December 7, 2017.  ^ a b "Most Polluted Cities". American Lung Association. Retrieved December 8, 2017.  ^ "Census" (PDF). United States
United States
Census. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 8, 2010.  page 36 ^ Campbell Gibson. "Population of the 100 largest cities and other urban places in the United States: 1790 to 1990". United States
United States
Bureau of the Census.  ^ "Historical, demographic, economic, and social data: the United States, 1790–1970". Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan.  ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Pennsylvania's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting". Archived from the original on March 12, 2011. Retrieved January 24, 2017.  ^ "Census: Phila. keeps on growing". philly.com. Interstate General Media, LLC. March 14, 2013. Archived from the original on March 19, 2013. Retrieved July 6, 2013.  ^ a b "2011–2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 5, 2017.  ^ a b c d e f American FactFinder, United States
United States
Census Bureau. "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 2010 Demographic Profile Data (Public Law
Law
94-171) Summary File". U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved August 12, 2011.  ^ a b c " Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
– Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990".  ^ United States
United States
Census Bureau. "How Does the Census 2000 Question on Race Differ from the 1990 Question?". census.gov. Archived from the original on November 27, 2001. Retrieved January 31, 2011.  ^ a b "People Reporting Ancestry: 2011–2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved December 5, 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
2015: The State of the City" (PDF). The Pew Charitable Trusts. Retrieved April 24, 2015.  ^ Trulia (March 15, 2013). "America's Most Irish Towns". Forbes. Retrieved February 7, 2014.  ^ "Exploring Gay
Gay
Philadelphia". Visit Philadelphia. Archived from the original on July 24, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2015.  ^ "Guide to Philadelphia's Gayborhood". CBS
CBS
Local Media. June 5, 2013. Retrieved July 23, 2015.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
immigration". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
immigration. August 5, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2016.  ^ Laura Sanchez Ubanell (January 3, 2014). "Puerto Rico's population continues to decline as the economic plague persists". Voxxi. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014. Retrieved September 17, 2014.  ^ " Latino
Latino
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
at a Glance" (PDF). Latino
Latino
Philadelphia. Retrieved October 4, 2017.  ^ Overcoming the World Missions Crisis: Thinking Strategically to Reach the World, Russell Penney, page 110, 2001 ^ Major U.S. metropolitan areas differ in their religious profiles, Pew Research Center ^ "America's Changing Religious Landscape". Pew Research Center: Religion & Public Life. May 12, 2015.  ^ "Philadelphia". Jewish Virtual Library.  ^ Levitt, Ross (December 30, 2009). "Group: Remains of more than 500 animals found at Philadelphia
Philadelphia
home". CNN.  ^ Joseph A. Slobodzian (January 15, 2012). "Man gets life sentence in killing over Santeria". The Philadelphia Inquirer
The Philadelphia Inquirer
– via NorthIowaToday.com.  ^ "The Italian Market; A South Philadelphia
South Philadelphia
mainstay since the 19th Century". Visit Philadelphia. Retrieved July 23, 2015.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
County, Pennsylvania". Modern Language Association. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013.  ^ New York Times Sunday Review, Loose Ends "The Sound of Philadelphia Fades Out" Daniel Nester March 1, 2014 ^ Gordon, Matthew J. (2006). "Interview with William Labov". Journal of English Linguistics. 34 (4): 332–51. doi:10.1177/0075424206294308.  ^ Tom Avril (October 22, 2012). "Penn linguist Labov wins Franklin Institute award". The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer. Retrieved October 23, 2012.  ^ Rocca, Mo (July 26, 2016). "An earful and accent that's distinctly Philly". CBS
CBS
Interactive Inc. Retrieved February 14, 2017.  ^ "Philly Slang". PhillyTalk.com. Retrieved February 15, 2017.  ^ "Fortune 500 2017". Fortune. Retrieved November 25, 2017.  ^ "The World According to GaWC 2016". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Retrieved November 26, 2017.  ^ "Citywide Vision Philadelphia2035" (PDF). City of Philadelphia Planning Committee. June 2011. p. 34 (38 in the PDF file). Retrieved November 26, 2017.  ^ "Park Statistics". Retrieved February 10, 2015.  ^ a b "Listing of National Historic Landmarks by State – Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
(169)" (PDF). National Park Service. January 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2017.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Zoo: About". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Zoo. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015.  ^ "About Penn Medicine: History". Penn Medicine. Retrieved March 4, 2018.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Park System History". City of Philadelphia. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015.  ^ "Library Company of Philadelphia: Overview". librarycompany.org. The Library Company of Philadelphia. Retrieved March 4, 2018. ^ "Athenaeum of Philadelphia: Mission and History". philaathenaeum.org. The Athenaeum of Philadelphia. Retrieved March 4, 2018. ^ "Presbyterian Historical Society: About". history.pcusa.org. The Presbyterian Historical Society. Retrieved March 4, 2018. ^ a b Weeks, Jerome (August 2006). "Philly goes the distance". The Dallas
Dallas
Morning News. Archived from the original on August 20, 2006.  ^ "Art: Windfall". Time. January 15, 1940. Retrieved March 2, 2018.  ^ Van Hook, Bailey (2009-01-01). "The Early Career of Violet Oakley, Illustrator". Woman's Art Journal. 30 (1): 29–38. JSTOR 40605220.  ^ Jillian Wilson (January 5, 2017). "What To Do For First Friday In Philly This January". uwishunu.com. Retrieved March 2, 2018.  ^ "Wilma Theater history". wilmatheater.org. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ^ " Philadelphia Theatre Company
Philadelphia Theatre Company
at the Suzanne Roberts Theatre". philadelphiatheatrecompany.org. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ^ " Walnut Street Theatre
Walnut Street Theatre
Historical Marker". ExplorePAhistory.com. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ^ "Lantern Theater Company". lanterntheater.org. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ^ "Public Art". Greater Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Tourism
Tourism
Marketing Corporation. Retrieved May 31, 2010.  ^ Aitken, Joanne (September 2, 2004). "Forget Paris". City paper. Archived from the original on December 3, 2007.  ^ Wetenhall, John. "About A Brief History of Percent-For-Art in America" (PDF). Public Art Review. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 1, 2006. Retrieved September 24, 2006.  ^ "Office of Art and Culture". Retrieved December 24, 2013.  ^ " Mural
Mural
Arts Program About page". Archived from the original on December 8, 2007. Retrieved November 27, 2007.  ^ "R&B » Soul » Philly Soul". allmusic.com. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ^ " Live Aid
Live Aid
1985: A day of magic". CNN. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ^ Rodney Kim (July 2, 2005). " Live 8
Live 8
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Review". Archived from the original on December 14, 2006. Retrieved April 24, 2007.  ^ "About Us". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Boys Choir. Retrieved March 2, 2018.  ^ "About The Philly POPS". phillypops.org. Encore Series, Inc. Retrieved March 2, 2018.  ^ Stuhldreher, Katie (30 July 2007). "Rick's Steaks takes Reading Terminal Market dispute to court". philly.com. Archived from the original on 24 January 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2007.  ^ "Top 10 Spots for Authentic Philly Cheesesteaks". visitphilly.com. Retrieved March 5, 2018. ^ "The Best Cheesesteaks in Philadelphia". foodnetwork.com. Retrieved March 5, 2018. ^ "Find Philadelphia
Philadelphia
cheesesteak shops near you and order online for free". grubhub.com. Retrieved March 5, 2018. ^ "About us: Geno's Steaks". genosteaks.com. Retrieved March 4, 2018. ^ "Pat's King Of Steaks". philly.com. Retrieved March 4, 2018. ^ "McGillin's History". McGillin's Olde Ale House. Retrieved March 4, 2018.  ^ "City Tavern
Tavern
Timeline". citytavern.com. Retrieved March 4, 2018. ^ "City Tavern: Private Affairs". citytavern.com. Retrieved March 4, 2018. ^ " Reading Terminal
Reading Terminal
Market: About the market". Reading Terminal Market. Retrieved March 4, 2018.  ^ Jordan, David M (1999). The Athletics of Philadelphia: Connie Mack's White Elephants, 1901–1954. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. ISBN 0-7864-0620-8 ^ "Athletics (Philadelphia) (1871-1876)". retrosheet.org. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ Purdy, Dennis (2006). The Team-by-Team Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball. New York City: Workman. ISBN 0-7611-3943-5.  ^ "History: Phillies Timeline (1800s)". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Phillies. Retrieved March 6, 2018.  ^ "MLS awards Philadelphia
Philadelphia
2010 expansion team". February 28, 2008. Archived from the original on March 2, 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2008.  ^ "1983 NBA Finals: Lakers vs. 76ers". basketball-reference.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ "2008 World Series: Philadelphia Phillies
Philadelphia Phillies
over Tampa Bay Rays (4-1)". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ Chairusmi, Jim (June 12, 2007). "Does the Curse of Billy Penn Continue to Haunt Philadelphia?". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 6, 2018.  ^ Matza, Michael (October 22, 2008). "Lifting the curse of William Penn". philly.com. Archived from the original on December 3, 2008. Retrieved March 6, 2018.  ^ Bergman, Jeremy (February 4, 2018). "Eagles QB Nick Foles wins Super Bowl LII MVP". National Football League. Archived from the original on February 5, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.  ^ Sal Paolantonio. "The 15 Most Tortured Sports Cities". espn.com. ESPN
ESPN
Internet Ventures. Retrieved March 5, 2018. ^ Baichwal, Ravi (June 10, 2010). "Philly reels from loss to Blackhawks". WLS. abclocal.go.com. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ Adam Winer (March 17, 2011). "The Worst Sports Fans in America". gq.com. Retrieved March 5, 2018. ^ "Eagles, Phillies top GQ list of 'Worst Fans in America'". March 17, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2015.  ^ "Behind The Name – Warriors". National Basketball Association. May 10, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.  ^ Burgoyne, Tom (2004). Movin' on Up: Baseball and Phialdephia Then, Now, and Always. B B& A Publishers. p. 128. ISBN 0-9754419-3-0.  ^ "The Philadelphia International Cycling Classic Cancels 2017 Race" (archive). philadelphiainternationalcyclingclassic.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ "Penn Mutual Collegiate Rugby Championship". usasevenscrc.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ Westcott, Rich. "The Early Years of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Baseball". SABR. Retrieved November 7, 2014.  ^ "Boathouse Row". A View on Cities. Retrieved June 26, 2015.  ^ "About the Dad Vail Regatta". Dad Vail Regatta
Dad Vail Regatta
Organizing Committee. Retrieved January 24, 2017.  ^ Staff (May. 13, 2007). "Stotesbury expecting record field" (archive). philly.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ "About The Stotesbury Cup Regatta". Retrieved June 26, 2015.  ^ " Head of the Schuylkill Regatta
Head of the Schuylkill Regatta
History and Growth". Head of the Schuylkill Regatta®. Archived from the original on March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2018.  ^ " Boathouse Row
Boathouse Row
Clubs". Schuylkill Navy
Schuylkill Navy
& Boathouse Row. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2015. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) ^ Charlie Eisenhood (December 8, 2016). "A Philly Talent Skirmish Highlights Waning Battle Between AUDL, MLU". ultiworld.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ Charlie Eisenhood (December 21, 2016). "Major League Ultimate Suspends Operations: The league's investors pulled funding". ultiworld.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Phoenix history". theaudl.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ Mike DeCourcy (April 5, 2016). "Villanova beating UNC was the greatest NCAA championship game ever, period". sportingnews.com. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ "Past Olympic Host City Election Results". gamesbids.com. Games Bids Inc. Retrieved March 6, 2018. ^ a b c Warner, Bob. " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
voices interest in the 2024 Olympics". Philly.com. Retrieved April 22, 2013.  ^ Claudia Vargas (May 29, 2014). "Phila. won't bid to host 2024 Summer Olympics". Philly.com. Retrieved October 4, 2017.  ^ "The City of Philadelphia, Emerald Ash Borer Management Plan" (PDF). dcnr.state.pa.us. The City of Philadelphia. 2012. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 19, 2016. Retrieved January 6, 2017. The City contains approximately 6,781 acres of watershed parks including East/West Fairmount Parks (2052 ac.), Wissahickon Valley Park (2042 ac.)  ^ " National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
Fairmount Park
Fairmount Park
– #72001151". focus.nps.gov. National Park Service. February 7, 1972. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved January 6, 2017. Locations: Philadelphia ; Both banks of Schuylkill River and Wissahickon Creek, from Spring Garden St. to Northwestern Ave.  ^ a b "City Charter
Charter
Commission". Agency History. City of Philadelphia, Department of Records. November 8, 2000. Retrieved April 18, 2009.  ^ a b Charter
Charter
Commission (1967) [1951]. " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Home Rule Charter, Annotated" (PDF). City of Philadelphia. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 25, 2010. Retrieved January 31, 2010.  ^ "Third Judicial Circuit". Retrieved June 2, 2012.  ^ "U.S. District
District
Court, Eastern District
District
of Pennsylvania". Retrieved June 2, 2012.  ^ "Trial Division". courts.phila.gov. First Judicial District
District
of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "Family Division". courts.phila.gov. First Judicial District
District
of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "Orphans' Court". courts.phila.gov. First Judicial District
District
of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ Chris Brennan & Aubrey Whelan (November 7, 2017). "Larry Krasner wins race for Philly DA". philly.com. Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ Peter Hall (January 10, 2015). "Retiring Chief Justice Castille says he kept faith in fellow jurists". mcall.com. The Morning Call. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "MunicipalCourt". The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Courts, First Judicial District of Pennsylvania. February 11, 2010. Retrieved February 11, 2010.  ^ "Traffic Court". The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Courts, First Judicial District
District
of Pennsylvania. February 11, 2010. Retrieved February 11, 2010.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Traffic Court". Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Unified Judicial System. Retrieved January 8, 2011.  ^ "Membership requirements for the Minor Judiciary Education Board". pacourts.us. The Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "Courts>Supreme Court>Calendar". pacourts.us. The Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "Courts>Superior Court>Calendar". pacourts.us. The Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "Courts>Commonwealth Court>Calendar". pacourts.us. The Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "How Judges Are Elected". pacourts.us. The Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "Supreme Court Prothonotary's Addresses". pacourts.us. The Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "Superior Court Prothonotary's Addresses". pacourts.us. The Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "Court Info » Court Locations - Philadelphia". uscourts.gov. United States
United States
District
District
Court for the Eastern District
District
of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ "About the Court » Court Location - Philadelphia". uscourts.gov. United States
United States
Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Retrieved February 6, 2018. ^ Cuellar, Dann (November 4, 2015). " Jim Kenney
Jim Kenney
elected mayor of Philadelphia". 6abc.com. ABC Inc., WPVI-TV. Retrieved February 28, 2018.  ^ " Michael Nutter
Michael Nutter
easily wins a second term in City Hall". The Economist. November 12, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2018.  ^ "The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Code Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Home Rule Charter
Charter
Article II Legislative Branch The Council - Its Election, Organization, Powers and Duties Chapter 1 The Council § 2-100. Number, Terms and Salaries of Councilmen". library.amlegal.com. American Legal Publishing Corp. Retrieved February 28, 2018. ^ "Council Members". phlcouncil.com. The Council of the City of Philadelphia. Retrieved February 28, 2018. ^ a b "The Administration of Voter Registration in Pennsylvania-2016 Report to the General Assembly" (PDF). PA Department of State. June 2017. Retrieved July 27, 2017.  ^ a b Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.  ^ Keels, Thomas H. (2016). "Contractor Bosses (1880s to 1930s)". philadelphiaencyclopedia.org. The Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia. Retrieved March 1, 2018. ^ "Long before 2016 craziness, there was Philadelphia
Philadelphia
1935". philly.com. The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer. September 25, 2016. Retrieved March 1, 2018. ^ "The Birth Of The Republican Party". republicanviews.org. Republican Views. August 29, 2015. Retrieved March 1, 2018. ^ Kristin D. Burnett (November 2011). "Congressional Apportionment 2010 Census Briefs" (PDF). United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved March 1, 2018.  ^ " Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
is currently represented by 18 individuals in the 435-member United States
United States
House of Representatives. Three districts cover parts of Philadelphia." Archived March 1, 2018, at the Wayback Machine.. seventy.org. Committee of Seventy. Retrieved March 1, 2018. ^ "Congress / Members of Congress / Pennsylvania". govtrack.us. Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2018. ^ "Councilman Brian J. O’Neill District
District
10 Minority Leader". phlcouncil.com. The Council of the City of Philadelphia. Retrieved February 28, 2018. ^ Clines, Francis X. (November 4, 1999). "Democrat Wins in a Squeaker Election for Mayor of Philadelphia". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2018. ^ Clemetson, Lynette (November 5, 2003). " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Easily Gives Second Term to Its Mayor". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2018. ^ "Senator Arlen Specter
Arlen Specter
to Teach At Penn Law". News and Stories. The University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
School of Law. Archived from the original on July 2, 2011. Retrieved February 24, 2012.  ^ a b "Specter, Arlen, (1930 - 2012)". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress. Retrieved March 1, 2018. ^ Toeplitz, Shira (May 18, 2010). "The admiral sinks Arlen Specter". politico.com. Politico. Retrieved March 1, 2018. ^ Madonna, G. Terry (February 13, 2015). "Politically Uncorrected: Presidential nominees and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
conventions". Daily Local News. Retrieved March 30, 2016.  ^ "George M. Dallas
Dallas
(1845–1849) – Vice President". millercenter.org. Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Retrieved March 1, 2018.  ^ "Historical Election Results: Electoral College Box Scores 1789-1996". archives.gov. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved March 1, 2018. ^ Bewley, Joel; Jan Hefler (December 11, 2006). "Four killings put 2006 total over '05 top". The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer. Archived from the original on December 9, 2007.  ^ "The Year in Murder: 2013 Marks a Historic Low for Many Cities". Retrieved February 25, 2014.  ^ "Crime Maps & Stats – Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Police Department". Retrieved January 24, 2017.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Homicides in 2007". Archived from the original on April 20, 2008.  ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
PA Crime Statistics (2005 Crime Data)". AreaConnect LLC. Retrieved December 11, 2006.  ^ a b "Rankings by Population Group (Top 10/Bottom 10)". Morgan Quitno Awards. Archived from the original on December 11, 2006. Retrieved December 11, 2006.  ^ "NeighborhoodScout's Most Dangerous Cities - 2018: Top 100 Most Dangerous Cities in the U.S." neighborhoodscout.com. Location Inc. Archived from the original on March 5, 2018. Retrieved March 5, 2018.  ^ "2017: Top 100 Most Dangerous Cities in the U.S." (archive). neighborhoodscout.com Retrieved March 5, 2018. ^ "2016: Top 100 Most Dangerous Cities in the U.S." (archive). neighborhoodscout.com Retrieved March 5, 2018. ^ "2015: Top 100 Most Dangerous Cities in the U.S." (archive). neighborhoodscout.com Retrieved March 5, 2018. ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
becomes largest US city to decriminalize marijuana". Retrieved January 24, 2017.  ^ "About Us – The School District
District
of Philadelphia". Philadelphia School District. Retrieved April 27, 2015.  ^ "About Us – Schools – The School District
District
of Philadelphia". Retrieved April 27, 2015.  ^ Hurdle, Jon (March 7, 2013). " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Officials Vote to Close 23 Schools". The New York Times. Retrieved April 27, 2015.  ^ Jacobs, Peter (October 7, 2014). "The Average SAT
SAT
Score Last Year Was Just Under 1500". Business Insider. Retrieved April 27, 2015.  ^ Florida, Richard (August 27, 2012). "America's Leading College Towns". The Atlantic: City Lab. Retrieved April 27, 2015.  ^ Brownlee, David B.; Thomas, George E. (2000). Building America's First University: An Historical and Architectural Guide to the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0812235150.  ^ Oliver, Sharon (October 21, 2011). "The Phila. area's biggest colleges". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Business Journal. Retrieved April 27, 2015.  ^ "NIH Awards by Location & Organization". April 20, 2015. Retrieved April 27, 2015.  ^ Wilkinson, Gerry. "The History of the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Press Association. Retrieved May 27, 2006.  ^ Davies, Dave (March 2, 2009). "Daily News to be labeled edition of Inquirer; no change to content, staff". Philly.com.  ^ a b Launder, William (April 2, 2012). " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Newspapers Sold Yet Again". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 30, 2015.  ^ philly.com. Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Media Network (Digital), LLC. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ "2013 Top Media Outlets: Newspapers, Blogs, Consumer Magazines, Social Networks, Websites, and Broadcast Media" (PDF). BurrellesLuce. June 2013. Retrieved April 30, 2015.  ^ Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Tribune. phillytrib.com. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ Philadelphia
Philadelphia
magazine. phillymag.com. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Weekly. philadelphiaweekly.com. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Gay
Gay
News. epgn.com. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ The Jewish Exponent. jewishexponent.com. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ Al Día. aldianews.com. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Metro. metro.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ The Daily Pennsylvanian. thedp.com. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ The Temple News. temple-news.com. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ The Triangle. thetriangle.org. Retrieved December 29, 2017. ^ a b Bishop, Todd (January 7, 2000). "The Media: One revolution after another". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Business Journal.  ^ "FM Query Results" (archive). fcc.gov. FCC. Retrieved January 14, 2018. ^ "AM Query Results" (archive). fcc.gov. FCC. Retrieved January 14, 2018. ^ "#9 Philadelphia
Philadelphia
PA" (archive). radio-online.com. Radio Online. Retrieved January 15, 2018. ^ Venta, Lance (October 6, 2016). " WRNB
WRNB
Drops Old School 100.3 Branding ". radioinsight.com. RadioBB Networks. Retrieved January 15, 2018. "...the station’s playlist had shifted back towards Urban AC." ^ "WHYY Radio & Podcasts" whyy.org. WHYY Inc. Retrieved January 18, 2018. ^ " WRTI 90.1 Your Classical and Jazz
Jazz
Source" wrti.org. WRTI-FM / Temple University. Retrieved January 18, 2018. ^ " WXPN
WXPN
88.5 FM :: Public Radio from the University of Pennsylvania". xpn.org. WXPN-FM / The Trustees of The University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved January 18, 2018. ^ Ogden, Christopher (1999). Legacy: A Biography of Moses and Walter Annenberg. New York: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-63379-8.  ^ a b "Market Name: Philadelphia, PA". tvb.org. Television Bureau of Advertising, Inc. Retrieved January 17, 2018.  ^ "Nielsen 2017-18 TV Household DMA Ranks: Local Television Market Universe Estimates" (PDF). tvb.org. Television Bureau of Advertising, Inc. Retrieved January 17, 2018.  ^ "Clickable Regional Rail & Rail Transit Map". septa.org. SEPTA. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ Cox (1967), p. 16. ^ "Renovations to City Hall and 15th Street Stations History". septa.org. SEPTA. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ Mitchell, Matthew (April 1992). " SEPTA
SEPTA
Budget for Fiscal 1993: Continued Rail Retrenchment". The Delaware Valley
Delaware Valley
Association of Railroad Passengers.  ^ "The Delaware Valley
Delaware Valley
Rail Passenger". dvarp.org. Delaware
Delaware
Valley Association of Railroad Passengers. June 8, 1992. Retrieved May 1, 2016.  ^ "Abandoned Rails: The Newtown Branch". www.abandonedrails.com. Retrieved 2016-05-01.  ^ a b c "Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
FY2017 Fact Sheet" (PDF). amtrak.com. Amtrak/National Railroad Passenger Corporation. November 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2018.  ^ "Amtrak: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 30th Street Station". amtrak.com. Amtrak/National Railroad Passenger Corporation. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "Connecting Transit Services". septa.org. SEPTA. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "NJ Transit: Philadelphia
Philadelphia
30th Street". njtransit.com. NJ Transit. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "PATCO Maps & Stations". ridepatco.org. Port Authority Transit Corporation. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ a b " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
International Airport: About Us". phl.org. Philadelphia
Philadelphia
International Airport. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ " Northeast Philadelphia
Northeast Philadelphia
Airport". phl.org. Philadelphia International Airport. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "Aircraft Movements: Landing and take-off of an aircraft". aci.aero. Airports Council International. Retrieved January 29, 2018.  ^ " SEPTA
SEPTA
Airport Line Regional Rail Schedule". septa.org. SEPTA. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ " William Penn
William Penn
Plans the City". virginia.edu. The University of Virginia. Retrieved January 29, 2018.  ^ a b c "OpenStreetMap". openstreetmap.org. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "History of the Blue Route". I-476 Improvement Project. Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on February 19, 2007. Retrieved January 30, 2018.  ^ " Delaware River
Delaware River
Port Authority: Our Bridges". drpa.org. Delaware River Port Authority. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "Burlington County Bridge Commission: About Our Bridges". bcbridges.org. Burlington County Bridge Commission. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ " Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Bus Station". greyhound.com. Greyhound. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "Bieber Transportation Group". biebergroup.com. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "Trailways: Visit Philadelphia, PA". trailways.com. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "Martz Group: Locations (enter Philadelphia, PA)". martztrailways.com. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "Peter Pan: Philadelphia, PA Station". peterpanbus.com. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "NJ Transit: South Jersey
South Jersey
to Philly (Market Street, Greyhound Bus Terminal and on weekdays at 30th Street Station)". njtransit.com. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "Megabus Stops: Philadelphia, PA". megabus.com. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ " BoltBus
BoltBus
Buy Tickets". boltbus.com. Retrieved January 29, 2018. ^ "Atlantic City with service to ..." (PDF).  (218 KB) ^ "Trolley Lines". septa.org. SEPTA. Retrieved January 30, 2018. ^ "Philadelphia's PCCs Return to Service." Railway Age. Vol. 205, No. 10, p. 30. October 1, 2005. ^ "Trolley Schedules". septa.org. SEPTA. Retrieved January 30, 2018. ^ "Most Walkable Cities in the United States: 2017". Walk Score. Archived from the original on December 16, 2017. Retrieved December 16, 2017.  ^ " Schuylkill River
Schuylkill River
Trail Named Best Urban Trail in the Nation". Metro Corp. Retrieved February 9, 2017.  ^ "Fairmount Water Works: Our Story". Fairmount Water Works. Retrieved April 24, 2015.  ^ a b "About Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Water". City of Philadelphia. Retrieved April 24, 2015.  ^ "PECO: Company Information". PECO Energy Company. Retrieved January 29, 2017.  ^ "PECO_Investing_in_our_Community_Booklet". page 2. peco.com. PECO Energy Company. Retrieved January 30, 2018. ^ "PGW: About Us". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Gas Works. Retrieved April 24, 2015.  ^ Maykuth, Andrew (October 28, 2014). "$1.86B sale of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Gas Works is dead". The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 24, 2015.  ^ Hepp, Chris (December 8, 2014). "PGW deal latest casualty in Philly's Nutter-and-Clarke soap opera". The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer. Archived from the original on May 16, 2015. Retrieved May 25, 2015.  ^ "PA 445 Implementation for 215/267 NPA Rescinded – 445 NPA Code Reclaimed" (PDF).  (64.5 KB) ^ "Wireless Philadelphia". Technically. Retrieved April 24, 2015.  ^ a b "Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Sister Cities Program". cdiphila.org. Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved December 16, 2017.  ^ "Florence, Italy". Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ "Tel Aviv, Israel". Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ "Torun, Poland". Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ "Tianjin, China". Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ "Incheon, Korea". Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ "Douala, Cameroon". Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ "Nizhny Novgorod, Russia". Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ " Frankfurt
Frankfurt
am Main, Germany". Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved September 11, 2015.  ^ "Kobe, Japan". Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ "Abruzzo, Italy". International Visitors Council of Philadelphia. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ "Aix-en-Provence, France". Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ "Sister Cities Park". ivc.org. International Visitors Council of Philadelphia. Retrieved June 3, 2012.  ^ "Sister Cities Park History". centercityphila.org. Center City DistrictCentral Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Development CorporationCenter City District
District
Foundation. Retrieved December 16, 2017.  ^ IVC of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Partners with Mosul, Iraq in Groundbreaking Program Retrieved January 26, 2011. ^ Inbound delegations visiting Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Retrieved January 26, 2011.

Further reading Main article: Bibliography of Philadelphia

Cox, Harold E. (1967). May, Jack, ed. The Road from Upper Darby. The Story of the Market Street Subway-Elevated. New York, NY: Electric Railroaders' Association. OCLC 54770701. 

External links

Find more aboutPhiladelphiaat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

City of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
government Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia, Historical Encyclopedia in progress Historic Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Photographs Greater Philadelphia
Philadelphia
GeoHistory Network – historical maps and atlases of Philadelphia philly.com – Local news Visitor Site for Greater Philadelphia Official Convention & Visitors Site for Philadelphia[permanent dead link] 10 Towns that Changed America, WTTW, 56:02, segment from 7:23–12:20

Places adjacent to Philadelphia

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Main Line Cheltenham Bensalem

Upper Darby

Philadelphia

Camden, New Jersey

Tinicum Township (Delco) West Deptford Township, New Jersey Cherry Hill, New Jersey

Articles Relating to Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
County

v t e

City of Philadelphia

Nickname(s): City of Brotherly Love

Topics

History

Timeline

Accent Architecture Bibliography Companies Cuisine Culture Demographics Economy Education Media Music Notable people Sites of interest

Historic Landmarks

Skyscrapers Transit

Government

City Hall Mayors City Council District
District
Attorney Airport Fire Department Free Library Police Department School district Sister cities Federal: U.S. Mint U.S. District
District
Court for the Eastern Dist. of Pa. U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit

Neighborhoods

Center City North Philadelphia

Lower North Upper North Northwest

Northeast Philadelphia South Philadelphia Southwest Philadelphia West Philadelphia

Museums

Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University African American Museum in Philadelphia American Philosophical Society American Swedish Historical Museum Athenaeum of Philadelphia Barnes Foundation Bartram's Garden Belmont Mansion Betsy Ross House Civil War Museum Cliveden Eastern State Penitentiary Ebenezer Maxwell Mansion Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site Elfreth's Alley Fabric Workshop and Museum Fairmount Water Works Fort Mifflin Franklin Institute Germantown White House Glen Foerd on the Delaware Grand Army of the Republic Civil War Museum and Library Grumblethorpe Hill-Physick-Keith House Historic Strawberry Mansion Historical Society of Frankford Historical Society of Pennsylvania Independence National Historical Park Independence Seaport Museum Insectarium Institute of Contemporary Art John Johnson House John Ruan House La Salle University
La Salle University
Art Museum Lemon Hill Marian Anderson Residence Museum Masonic Temple, Library, and Museum Museum of the American Revolution Mütter Museum National Constitution Center National Liberty Museum National Museum of American Jewish History Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Academy of the Fine Arts Philadelphia
Philadelphia
History Museum Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Museum of Art Philadelphia's Magic Gardens Please Touch Museum Powel House RittenhouseTown Rodin Museum Rosenbach Museum and Library Ryerss Museum and Library Science History Institute Shofuso Japanese House and Garden Stenton Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology Wagner Free Institute of Science Woodmere Art Museum Wyck House

Sports

76ers Eagles Flyers Phillies Soul Union

Squares

Centre Franklin Logan Rittenhouse Washington

Wards

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66

Related articles

Delaware
Delaware
Valley Independence Hall Liberty Bell

Category Commons Portal

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
County, Pennsylvania, United States

Sections and Neighborhoods

Center City

Avenue of the Arts Broad Street Chinatown Fitler Square Franklin Square Jewelers' Row Logan Square Old City Penn's Landing Rittenhouse Square Society Hill South Street Washington Square West

South

Bella Vista Central South Philadelphia Devil's Pocket Dickinson Square West East Passyunk Crossing Fabric Row FDR Park Girard Estate Graduate Hospital Grays Ferry Greenwich Hawthorne Industrial Italian Market Little Saigon Lower Moyamensing Marconi Plaza Moyamensing Newbold Packer Park Passyunk Square Pennsport Point Breeze Queen Village Schuylkill Southern Boulevard Parkway Southwark Southwest Center City South Philadelphia/East South Philadelphia/West Sports Complex Tasker West Passyunk Wharton Whitman Wilson Park

Southwest

Angora Bartram Village Clearview Eastwick Elmwood Park Hog Island Kingsessing Mount Moriah Paschall Penrose Southwest Schuylkill

West

Avenue of Technology Belmont Village Carroll Park Cathedral Park Centennial District Cedar Park Cobbs Creek Dunlap Garden Court Haddington Haverford North Mantua Mill Creek Overbrook Overbrook Farms Overbrook Park Parkside Powelton Village Saunders Park Spruce Hill Squirrel Hill 30th Street Station University City Walnut Hill Woodland Terrace Wynnefield Wynnefield Heights

North

Lower North

Badlands Belfield Brewerytown Cabot Callowhill Cecil B. Moore El Centro de Oro
El Centro de Oro
/ Fairhill Fairmount Francisville Hartranft Ivy Hill Ludlow N3RD Street North Central Northern Liberties North Philadelphia/East North Philadelphia/West Poplar Reading Viaduct Sharswood South Lehigh Spring Garden Stanton Strawberry Mansion Yorktown

Upper North

Allegheny West Badlands Franklinville Glenwood Hunting Park Nicetown–Tioga Olde Kensington Swampoodle West Kensington

Olney-Oak Lane

East Oak Lane Feltonville Fern Rock Koreatown Logan Ogontz Olney West Oak Lane

Northwest

Lower Northwest

Andorra East Falls Manayunk Parkland Roxborough Wissahickon

Upper Northwest

Beggarstown Chestnut Hill Germantown Morton Mount Airy Wister Cedarbrook

Northeast

Near Northeast

Burholme Castor Gardens Crescentville Fox Chase Frankford Holme Circle Holmesburg Juniata Lawndale Lexington Park Mayfair Oxford Circle Rhawnhurst Ryers Tacony Wissinoming

Far Northeast

Academy Gardens Ashton-Woodenbridge Bustleton Byberry Crestmont Farms Millbrook Modena Park Morrell Park Normandy Parkwood Pennypack Somerton Torresdale Upper Holmesburg Winchester Park

River Wards

Bridesburg Fishtown Harrowgate Kensington Olde Richmond Port Richmond

Former Municipalities

Cities

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
(Center City)

Boroughs

Aramingo Bridesburg Frankford Germantown Manayunk West Philadelphia Whitehall

Districts

Belmont Kensington Moyamensing Northern Liberties Penn Richmond Southwark Spring Garden

Townships

Blockley Bristol Byberry Delaware Germantown Kingsessing Lower Dublin Moreland Northern Liberties Oxford Passyunk Penn Roxborough

Footnotes

As a consolidated city-county Philadelphia
Philadelphia
is its own county seat.

v t e

Delaware
Delaware
Valley

Counties

Atlantic Berks Bucks Burlington Camden Cape May Cecil Chester Cumberland Delaware Gloucester Kent Mercer Montgomery New Castle Ocean Philadelphia Salem

Major cities

Philadelphia

Cities and towns 50k-99k

Abington Bensalem Brandywine Hundred Bristol Camden Cherry Hill Gloucester Township Hamilton Lower Merion New Castle Hundred Pennsauken Reading Trenton Upper Darby Vineland Wilmington

Cities and towns 30k-50k

Atlantic City Cheltenham Chester Deptford Dover Egg Harbor Evesham Ewing Falls Galloway Haverford Lawrence Lower Makefield Middletown Millville Monroe Mount Laurel Newark Norristown Northampton Radnor Ridley Warminster Washington Willingboro Winslow

v t e

 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Harrisburg (capital)

Topics

Index Delegations Government History Geography Geology Law Pennsylvanians State parks Symbols Tourist attractions

Society

Agriculture Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Gambling Politics Sports

Metro areas

Altoona Baltimore-Washington Erie Harrisburg–Carlisle Johnstown Lancaster Lebanon Lehigh Valley New York Philadelphia Pittsburgh Reading Scranton‑Wilkes-Barre State College Williamsport York-Hanover

Largest cities

Allentown Altoona Bethlehem Butler Chester DuBois Easton Erie Greensburg Harrisburg Hazleton Johnstown Lancaster Lebanon McKeesport New Castle Philadelphia Pittsburgh Pottsville Reading Scranton Sunbury Wilkes-Barre Williamsport York

Largest municipalities

Abington Bensalem Bethel Park Bristol Cheltenham Cranberry Darby Falls Hampden Haverford Hempfield Lower Macungie Lower Makefield Lower Merion Lower Paxton Manheim McCandless Middletown Millcreek Township Monroeville Mount Lebanon Norristown Northampton North Huntingdon Penn Hills Radnor Ridley Ross Shaler Spring State College Tredyffrin Upper Darby Upper Merion Warminster West Chester Whitehall York Township

Regions

Allegheny Mountains Allegheny National Forest Allegheny Plateau Atlantic Coastal Plain Bald Eagle Valley Blue Ridge Central Coal Region Cumberland Valley Delaware
Delaware
Valley Dutch Country Eastern Endless Mountains Great Valley Mahoning Valley Happy Valley Laurel Highlands Lehigh Valley Main Line Moshannon Valley Nittany Valley Northeastern Northern Tier Northwestern North Penn Valley Ohio Valley Oil Region Oley Valley Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Highlands Penns Valley Philicon Valley Piedmont Pocono Mountains Ridge and Valley Saucon Valley South Central Southeastern Southern Southwestern Susquehanna Valley Western Wyoming Valley

Counties

Adams Allegheny Armstrong Beaver Bedford Berks Blair Bradford Bucks Butler Cambria Cameron Carbon Centre Chester Clarion Clearfield Clinton Columbia Crawford Cumberland Dauphin Delaware Elk Erie Fayette Forest Franklin Fulton Greene Huntingdon Indiana Jefferson Juniata Lackawanna Lancaster Lawrence Lebanon Lehigh Luzerne Lycoming McKean Mercer Mifflin Monroe Montgomery Montour Northampton Northumberland Perry Philadelphia Pike Potter Schuylkill Snyder Somerset Sullivan Susquehanna Tioga Union Venango Warren Washington Wayne Westmoreland Wyoming York

v t e

Location of the capital of the United States
United States
and predecessors

1774   First Continental Congress

Philadelphia

1775–81   Second Continental Congress

Philadelphia → Baltimore → Lancaster → York → Philadelphia

1781–89   Congress of the Confederation

Philadelphia → Princeton → Annapolis → Trenton → New York City

1789–present   Federal government of the United States

New York City → Philadelphia → Washington, D.C.

v t e

The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America

   

New York, NY Los Angeles, CA Chicago, IL Dallas, TX Houston, TX Washington, DC Philadelphia, PA Miami, FL Atlanta, GA Boston, MA San Francisco, CA Phoenix, AZ Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Detroit, MI Seattle, WA Minneapolis, MN San Diego, CA Tampa, FL Denver, CO St. Louis, MO

Baltimore, MD Charlotte, NC San Juan, PR Orlando, FL San Antonio, TX Portland, OR Pittsburgh, PA Sacramento, CA Cincinnati, OH Las Vegas, NV Kansas City, MO Austin, TX Columbus, OH Cleveland, OH Indianapolis, IN San Jose, CA Nashville, TN Virginia Beach, VA Providence, RI Milwaukee, WI

Jacksonville, FL Memphis, TN Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City, OK Louisville, KY Richmond, VA New Orleans, LA Hartford, CT Raleigh, NC Birmingham, AL Buffalo, NY Salt Lake City, UT Rochester, NY Grand Rapids, MI Tucson, AZ Honolulu, HI Tulsa, OK Fresno, CA Bridgeport, CT Worcester, MA Albuquerque, NM

Omaha, NE Albany, NY New Haven, CT Bakersfield, CA Knoxville, TN Greenville, SC Oxnard, CA El Paso, TX Allentown, PA Baton Rouge, LA McAllen, TX Dayton, OH Columbia, SC Greensboro, NC Sarasota, FL Little Rock, AR Stockton, CA Akron, OH Charleston, SC Colorado Springs, CO

Syracuse, NY Winston-Salem, NC Cape Coral, FL Boise, ID Wichita, KS Springfield, MA Madison, WI Lakeland, FL Ogden, UT Toledo, OH Deltona, FL Des Moines, IA Jackson, MS Augusta, GA Scranton, PA Youngstown, OH Harrisburg, PA Provo, UT Palm Bay, FL Chattanooga, TN

United States
United States
Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012

v t e

All-America City Award: Hall of Fame

Akron, Ohio Anchorage, Alaska Asheville, North Carolina Baltimore Boston Cincinnati Cleveland Columbus, Ohio Dayton, Ohio Des Moines, Iowa Edinburg, Texas Fayetteville, North Carolina Fort Wayne, Indiana Fort Worth, Texas Gastonia, North Carolina Grand Island, Nebraska Grand Rapids, Michigan Hickory, North Carolina Independence, Missouri Kansas City, Missouri Laurinburg, North Carolina New Haven, Connecticut Peoria, Illinois Philadelphia Phoenix, Arizona Roanoke, Virginia Rockville, Maryland Saint Paul, Minnesota San Antonio Seward, Alaska Shreveport, Louisiana Tacoma, Washington Toledo, Ohio Tupelo, Mississippi Wichita, Kansas Worcester, Massachusetts

v t e

County seats of Pennsylvania

Cities

Allentown Butler Chester (1682-1851) Easton Erie Franklin Greensburg Harrisburg Lancaster Lebanon Lock Haven Meadville New Castle Philadelphia Pittsburgh Pottsville Reading Scranton Sunbury Uniontown Warren Washington Wilkes-Barre Williamsport York

Boroughs

Beaver Bedford Bellefonte Brookville Carlisle Chambersburg Clarion Clearfield Coudersport Danville Doylestown Ebensburg Emporium Gettysburg Hollidaysburg Honesdale Huntingdon Indiana Jim Thorpe Kittanning Laporte Lewisburg Lewistown McConnellsburg Media Mercer Middleburg Mifflintown Milford Montrose New Bloomfield Norristown Ridgway Smethport Somerset Stroudsburg Tionesta Towanda Tunkhannock Waynesburg Wellsboro West Chester

Town

Bloomsburg

v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Pennsylvania

State capital: Eric Papenfuse
Eric Papenfuse
(Harrisburg)

Jim Kenney (Philadelphia) Bill Peduto (Pittsburgh) Ray O'Connell (Allentown) Joseph Schember (Erie)

v t e

Home Rule Municipalities in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

First Class

Township of Cheltenham Township of Haverford Township of McCandless Township of Mt. Lebanon Township of O'Hara Township of Penn Hills City of Philadelphia Township of Plymouth Township of Radnor Township of Upper Darby Township of Upper St. Clair Township of Whitehall Township of Wilkes-Barre

Second Class

Township of Chester Township of Elk Township of Ferguson Township of Hampton Township of Hanover Township of Horsham Borough of Kingston Township of Middletown Township of Peters Township of Pine City of Pittsburgh Township of Richland Township of Tredyffrin Township of Upper Providence Township of West Deer Township of Whitemarsh

Third Class

City of Allentown City of Carbondale City of Chester City of Clairton City of Coatesville City of Farrell City of Franklin City of Greensburg City of Hermitage City of Johnstown Borough of Latrobe City of Lebanon City of McKeesport City of Reading City of St. Marys City of Warren City of Wilkes-Barre

N/A

Borough of Bellevue Borough of Bethel Park Borough of Bradford Woods Borough of Bryn Athyn Borough of Cambridge Springs Borough of Chalfont City of DuBois Borough of Edinboro Borough of Greentree City of Hazleton Township of Kingston Borough of Monroeville Borough of Murrysville Borough of Norristown Borough of Portage Township of Salisbury City of Scranton Borough of State College Borough of Tyrone Borough of West Chester Borough of Whitehall Borough of Youngsville

v t e

Northeast megalopolis

Major metropolitan areas (over 1,000,000)

New York

city

Philadelphia

city

Washington

city

Boston

city

Baltimore

city

Providence

city

Hartford

city

Other cities (over 100,000)

Newark Jersey City Yonkers Worcester Springfield Alexandria Paterson Bridgeport Elizabeth New Haven Stamford Allentown Manchester Waterbury Cambridge Lowell

v t e

Cheesesteak

Toppings

Cheese

Cheez Whiz American Provolone

Fried onions

Contributors

Pat Olivieri Harry Olivieri Tony Luke Jr. Joey Vento

Restaurants in Philadelphia

Pat's King of Steaks Geno's Steaks Jim's Steaks Tony Luke's Steve's Prince of Steaks John's Roast Pork Dalessandro's Steaks Joe's Steaks

Miscellaneous

Steak sandwich

Preceded by none Capital of Pennsylvania 1682–1799 Succeeded by Lancaster

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 180363010 LCCN: n78095520 GND: 4103331-0 BNF:

.