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Phil Tippett
Phil Tippett
(born September 27, 1951 in Berkeley, California)[1] is an American movie director and Oscar and Emmy Award-winning visual effects supervisor and producer, who specializes in creature design, stop-motion and computerized character animation.[2][3] Over his career, he has assisted ILM and DreamWorks, and in 1984 formed his own company, Tippett Studio. His work has appeared in movies such as the original Star Wars
Star Wars
trilogy, Jurassic Park, and RoboCop. He is currently involved with his ongoing Mad God stop-motion series, which were funded through Kickstarter.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Stop motion 2.2 Computer generated effects

3 Selected filmography

3.1 Visual effects 3.2 Director

4 References 5 External links

Early life[edit] Tippett was born in Berkeley, California. When he was seven, Tippett saw Ray Harryhausen's special effects classic, The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad, and his life's direction was set.[4] Tippett completed a bachelor's degree in art at the University of California, Irvine, and went to work at the animation studio Cascade Pictures in Los Angeles. Career[edit] Stop motion[edit] In 1975, while still working at Cascade Pictures, Phil Tippett
Phil Tippett
and Jon Berg were hired by George Lucas
George Lucas
at Industrial Light & Magic to create a stop-motion miniature chess scene for the original Star Wars film.[5] When Star Wars
Star Wars
was being released on theatres, in 1977, Tippett was approached by Joe Dante
Joe Dante
and Jon Davison to create the fish for Roger Corman's Piranha (released in 1978, although Tippett was not credited in the film).[6] That year, 1978, Tippett headed the ILM animation department with Jon Berg for The Empire Strikes Back (released in 1980). For this film, Tippett co-developed the animation technique called go motion to animate the sinister AT-AT
AT-AT
Imperial Walkers and the hybrid alien tauntauns. In 1981 Tippett continued using go motion for Dragonslayer, and received his first Academy Award nomination for the extraordinarily realistic dragon animation. By 1983, Tippett led the famed Lucasfilm creature shop for Return of the Jedi for which he was awarded his first Oscar in 1984. In 1984 Tippett Studio was born when Tippett left ILM and set up a studio in his garage to create a 10-minute experimental film called Prehistoric Beast. The realism of the dinosaurs it depicted and the film's reflection of contemporary scientific theory led to the 1985 CBS animated documentary Dinosaur!. The next year, in 1986, Dinosaur! granted Tippett Studio its first award, a Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Special
Special
Visual Effects, for the animated dinosaur sequences.[7] In 1986 producer Jon Davison hired Tippett to create the animated robot sequences for RoboCop. The ED-209 stop-motion model was animated by Tippett[8] but designed by Craig Hayes[8] (also known as Craig Davies[9]), who also built the full size models. As one of the setpieces of the movie, the ED-209's look and animated sequences were under the close supervision of director Paul Verhoeven, who sometimes acted out the robot's movements himself. ED 209 was voiced by producer Jon Davison. This project became the start of a long and successful collaboration between Davies and Tippett. He also modeled the Dark Overlord creatures seen in Howard the Duck. Computer generated effects[edit] In 1991, Tippett was hired to create the dinosaur effects for the Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
blockbuster Jurassic Park using his go motion technique made famous in the film Dragonslayer. However, Dennis Muren and his CGI team at Industrial Light & Magic created animated test footage of a T-Rex that Spielberg loved. When Tippett was told that Jurassic Park dinosaurs would be computer-generated, he was shocked, exclaiming "I've just become extinct" (a line Spielberg borrows and uses in the movie).[10] Far from being extinct, Tippett evolved as stop-motion animation gave way to Computer-generated imagery
Computer-generated imagery
or CGI, and because of Tippett's background and understanding of animal movement and behavior, Spielberg kept Tippett on to supervise the animation on 50 dinosaur shots for Jurassic Park. Tippett supervised both the Tippett Studio and ILM animators, resulting in realistic digital dinosaurs that breathe, flex, twitch and react. His effort earned him a second Oscar. Work done on Jurassic Park resulted in the development by Tippett Studio's Craig Hayes of the DID (Digital Input Device) which was pivotal in the transition from stop motion to computer generated animation in bringing creatures to life. Tippett is also the subject of a humorous internet meme regarding his credit in the film (Dinosaur Supervisor), which is displayed with the tagline "One job, Phil! You had one job!", implying that because he didn't supervise the dinosaurs properly, he was responsible for the on-screen deaths. Mashable interviewed Tippett in April 2014 about this meme, which he called "beyond silly" and "such a waste of time".[11] In 1995, Tippett Studio was hired to create the giant, hostile alien arachnids in Paul Verhoeven's adaptation of Robert A. Heinlein's classic science fiction novel Starship Troopers. Tippett marshaled a team of 100 animators, model makers, computer artists and technicians and expanded his all-CGI facility. Because of the intensity of his involvement, and his ability to pre-visualize the hordes of teeming arachnids, Verhoeven has credited Tippett with co-directing the large-scale battle sequences for the film. The excellence of this work resulted in Tippett's sixth nomination in 1997 for an Academy Award. During 1997–98, Tippett supervised animation and effects for Universal's Virus and Disney's My Favorite Martian. In 1998–99 he and Craig Hayes co-supervised the visual effects on Jan De Bont's, The Haunting, for DreamWorks. Under Tippett and Hayes' lead, Tippett Studio created over 100 complex effects shots that expressed the horrific character of the house and the spirits that live there. In 2000, Tippett joined director Ivan Reitman
Ivan Reitman
as the visual effects supervisor on the DreamWorks
DreamWorks
science fiction comedy, Evolution. In just under a year, Tippett Studio designed, realized and animated over 17 extraterrestrial creatures in 175 shots. Throughout 2001 and into 2002, Tippett changed direction to focus on developing and directing his own film. Tippett achieved this with Starship Troopers 2: Hero of the Federation, by partnering with his longtime associates, writer Ed Neumeier and producer Jon Davison, with whom he worked on the original Starship Troopers and Robocop. In 1990, Tippett began work on an independent project entitled Mad God but during the rise of his studio, the project was dropped. in 2010 though, Mad God was brought back up but Tippett did not have the budget for the film. He started a Kickstarter
Kickstarter
page to make the funds with the needed budget goal of $40,000. On June 16, 2012, the project was successfully funded after exceeding the goal and making $124,156. The first and second chapters have been completed as of August 2017, with parts 3 and 4 underway.[12] The website for the film is online and shows information on the project, as well as allowing purchase of parts 1 and 2.[13] Selected filmography[edit] Visual effects[edit]

The Crater Lake Monster (miniatures builder, uncredited, 1977) Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode IV: A New Hope (stop-motion animation, 1977) Piranha (creature designer, creature animator and model construction, uncredited, 1978) The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back
(go motion animation, 1980) Dragonslayer (go motion animation, 1981) Return of the Jedi
Return of the Jedi
(makeup designer, 1983) Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
(effects creative consultant, 1984) Prehistoric Beast
Prehistoric Beast
(go motion, 1984) Dinosaur!
Dinosaur!
(go motion, 1985) Howard the Duck (go motion supervisor: ILM visual effects unit, 1986) RoboCop (ED-209 go motion shots, 1987) Willow (two-headed dragon go motion sequence, 1988) RoboCop 2
RoboCop 2
( RoboCop 2
RoboCop 2
go motion sequences, 1990) Jurassic Park (Dinosaur supervisor, 1993) Coneheads (Creature animation work, 1993) Dragonheart
Dragonheart
(dragon designs, 1996) Starship Troopers (creature visual effects, 1997) Evolution (visual effects supervisor, 2001) The Spiderwick Chronicles (animation supervisor, 2008) The Twilight Saga: New Moon (visual effects supervisor, 2009) The Twilight Saga: Eclipse (visual effects supervisor, 2010) The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn: Part 1 (visual effects supervisor, 2011) The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn: Part 2 (visual effects supervisor, 2012) Jurassic World
Jurassic World
(Dinosaur Consultant, 2015) Star Wars: The Force Awakens (Millennium Falcon chess scene supervisor, 2015)

Director[edit]

Prehistoric Beast
Prehistoric Beast
(1984, short) Starship Troopers 2: Hero of the Federation (2004, television film) MutantLand (2011,[14] short) Mad God (2013, feature film)

References[edit]

^ Tippett's biographical section in the IMDB website ^ New York Times ^ " Phil Tippett
Phil Tippett
Biography". Retrieved October 10, 2005.  ^ "Phil Tippett: Hands-On Effects". Archived from the original on June 6, 2008. Retrieved 2013-08-16. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) , StarWars.com ^ Phil Tippett
Phil Tippett
bio Archived 2013-08-08 at the Wayback Machine., in the Tippett Studio official web site ^ Phil Tippett
Phil Tippett
special effects filmography, IMDB ^ "Outstanding Special
Special
Visual Effects". 38th Primetime Emmy Awards - September 21, 1986. Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 14 September 2016.  ^ a b Duncan, Jody (February 1991). "Clash of the Robotitans". Cinefex. Archived from the original on August 29, 2000. Retrieved December 21, 2010.  ^ Craig Hayes' description page in the IMDB website (section "Personal Details": Alternate Names: Craig Davies) ^ 2Shay, Don and Duncan, Jody. Ballantine Books 1993 "The Making of Jurassic Park" Softcover page 53, first paragraph ^ By Matt Robertson2014-04-30 16:00:27 UTC (2014-04-30). "Jurassic Park's 'Dinosaur Supervisor' Responds to Meme". Mashable.com. Retrieved 2016-12-21.  ^ "Phil Tippett's "MAD GOD" by Mad God Productions — Kickstarter". Kickstarter.com. 2012-05-18. Retrieved 2016-12-21.  ^ "Phil Tippett's MAD GOD". Madgodmovie.com. Retrieved 2017-08-15.  ^ MutantLand's official public release: Friday, December 16th, 2011 Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine., on the website Ain't It Cool News

External links[edit]

Phil Tippett
Phil Tippett
on IMDb Phil Tippett
Phil Tippett
at AllMovie Tippett Studio StarWars.com Phil Tippett
Phil Tippett
bio

v t e

Academy Award for Best Visual Effects

1963-1980

Emil Kosa Jr. (1963) Peter Ellenshaw, Eustace Lycett, and Hamilton Luske (1964) John Stears (1965) Art Cruickshank (1966) L. B. Abbott (1967) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1968) Robbie Robertson (1969) L. B. Abbott and A. D. Flowers (1970) Alan Maley, Eustace Lycett, Danny Lee (1971) L. B. Abbott and A. D. Flowers (1972) no award given (1973) Frank Brendel, Glen Robinson, and Albert Whitlock (1974) Glen Robinson and Albert Whitlock (1975) Carlo Rambaldi, Glen Robinson, and Frank Van der Veer (1976) John Stears, John Dykstra, Richard Edlund, Grant McCune, and Robert Blalack (1977) Les Bowie, Colin Chilvers, Denys Coop, Roy Field, Derek Meddings, and Zoran Perisic (1978) H. R. Giger, Carlo Rambaldi, Brian Johnson, Nick Allder, and Dennis Ayling (1979) Brian Johnson, Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren, Bruce Nicholson (1980)

1981-2000

Richard Edlund, Kit West, Bruce Nicholson, and Joe Johnston
Joe Johnston
(1981) Carlo Rambaldi, Dennis Muren, and Kenneth F. Smith (1982) Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren, Ken Ralston, and Phil Tippett
Phil Tippett
(1983) Dennis Muren, Michael J. McAlister, Lorne Peterson, and George Gibbs (1984) Ken Ralston, Ralph McQuarrie, Scott Farrar, and David Berry (1985) Robert Skotak, Stan Winston, John Richardson, and Suzanne Benson (1986) Dennis Muren, William George, Harley Jessup, and Kenneth F. Smith (1987) Ken Ralston, Richard Williams, Edward Jones, and George Gibbs (1988) John Bruno, Dennis Muren, Hoyt Yeatman, and Dennis Skotak (1989) Eric Brevig, Rob Bottin, Tim McGovern, and Alex Funke (1990) Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Gene Warren Jr., and Robert Skotak (1991) Ken Ralston, Doug Chiang, Doug Smythe, and Tom Woodruff Jr. (1992) Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Phil Tippett, and Michael Lantieri (1993) Ken Ralston, George Murphy, Stephen Rosenbaum, and Allen Rall (1994) Scott E. Anderson, Charles Gibson, Neal Scanlan, and John Cox (1995) Volker Engel, Douglas Smith, Clay Pinney, and Joe Viskocil (1996) Robert Legato, Mark Lasoff, Thomas L. Fisher, Michael Kanfer (1997) Joel Hynek, Nicholas Brooks, Stuart Robertson, and Kevin Mack (1998) John Gaeta, Janek Sirrs, Steve Courtley, and Jon Thum (1999) John Nelson, Neil Corbould, Tim Burke, and Rob Harvey (2000)

2001-present

Jim Rygiel, Randall William Cook, Richard Taylor, Mark Stetson (2001) Jim Rygiel, Joe Letteri, Randall William Cook, and Alex Funke (2002) Jim Rygiel, Joe Letteri, Randall William Cook, and Alex Funke (2003) John Dykstra, Scott Stokdyk, Anthony LaMolinara, and John Frazier (2004) Joe Letteri, Brian Van't Hul, Christian Rivers, and Richard Taylor (2005) John Knoll, Hal Hickel, Charles Gibson, and Allen Hall (2006) Michael Fink, Bill Westenhofer, Ben Morris, and Trevor Wood (2007) Eric Barba, Steve Preeg, Burt Dalton, and Craig Barron
Craig Barron
(2008) Joe Letteri, Stephen Rosenbaum, Richard Baneham, and Andrew R. Jones (2009) Paul Franklin, Chris Corbould, Andrew Lockley, and Peter Bebb (2010) Robert Legato, Joss Williams, Ben Grossmann, and Alex Henning (2011) Bill Westenhofer, Guillaume Rocheron, Erik-Jan de Boer, and Donald R. Elliott (2012) Tim Webber, Chris Lawrence, Dave Shirk, and Neil Corbould
Neil Corbould
(2013) Paul Franklin, Andrew Lockley, Ian Hunter, and Scott R. Fisher (2014) Mark Williams Ardington, Sara Bennett, Paul Norris, and Andrew Whitehurst (2015) Robert Legato, Adam Valdez, Andrew R. Jones, and Dan Lemmon (2016) John Nelson, Gerd Nefzer, Paul Lambert, and Richard R. Hoover (2017)

v t e

Saturn Award for Best Make-up

Dick Smith (1973) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1974/75) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1976) Rick Baker
Rick Baker
and Stuart Freeborn (1977) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
and Rick Baker
Rick Baker
(1978) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1979) Dick Smith/Dick Smith (1980) Rick Baker
Rick Baker
(1981) Dorothy J. Pearl (1982) Phil Tippett
Phil Tippett
and Stuart Freeborn (1983) Stan Winston
Stan Winston
(1984) Tom Savini
Tom Savini
(1985) Chris Walas (1986) Rob Bottin and Stephan Dupuis (1987) Ve Neill, Steve La Porte, and Robert Short (1988) John Caglione Jr., Doug Drexler, and Cheri Minns (1989/90) Carl Fullerton and Neal Martz (1991) Stan Winston
Stan Winston
and Ve Neill (1992) Kevin Haney (1993) Rick Baker
Rick Baker
and Ve Neill (1994) Jean Ann Black and Rob Bottin (1995) Rick Baker
Rick Baker
and David LeRoy Anderson (1996) Rick Lazzarini and Gordon J. Smith (1997) Robert Kurtzman, Greg Nicotero, and Howard Berger (1998) Nick Dudman and Aileen Seaton (1999) Rick Baker
Rick Baker
and Gail Rowell-Ryan (2000) Greg Cannom and Wesley Wofford (2001) Peter Owen and Peter King (2002) Richard Taylor and Peter King (2003) Jake Garber, Matt Rose, and Mike Elizalde
Mike Elizalde
(2004) Howard Berger, Nikki Gooley, and Greg Nicotero
Greg Nicotero
(2005) Todd Masters and Dan Rebert (2006) Ve Neill and Martin Samuel (2007) Greg Cannom (2008) Barney Burman, Mindy Hall, and Joel Harlow (2009) Rick Baker
Rick Baker
and Dave Elsey (2010) Dave Elsey, Fran Needham, and Conor O'Sullivan (2011) Heike Merker, Daniel Parker, and Jeremy Woodhead (2012) Donald Mowat (2013) David White and Elizabeth Yianni-Georgiou (2014) Neal Scanlan (2015) Joel Harlow and Monica Huppert (2016)

Note: The years are listed as per convention, usually the year of film release; the ceremonies are usually held the next year.

v t e

Saturn Award for Best Special
Special
Effects

Marcel Vercoutere (1977) Joe Dante
Joe Dante
and Mark Goldblatt (1973) Douglas Knapp, Bill Taylor, John Carpenter, and Dan O'Bannon
Dan O'Bannon
(1974/75) L. B. Abbott (1976) John Dykstra and John Stears (1977) Colin Chilvers (1978) Douglas Trumbull, John Dykstra, and Richard Yuricich (1979) Brian Johnson and Richard Edlund
Richard Edlund
(1980) Richard Edlund
Richard Edlund
(1981) Carlo Rambaldi
Carlo Rambaldi
and Dennis Muren
Dennis Muren
(1982) Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren, and Ken Ralston (1983) Chris Walas (1984) Kevin Pike (1985) Stan Winston, Robert Skotak and Dennis Skotak (1986) Peter Kuran, Phil Tippett, Rob Bottin, and Rocco Gioffre (1987) George Gibbs, Ken Ralston, and Richard Williams (1988) Ken Ralston (1989/90) Stan Winston
Stan Winston
(1991) Ken Ralston, Tom Woodruff Jr., and Alec Gillis (1992) Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Phil Tippett, and Michael Lantieri (1993) John Bruno (1994) Stan Parks (1995) Volker Engel, Clay Pinney, Douglas Smith, and Joe Viskocil (1996) Phil Tippett, Scott E. Anderson, Alec Gillis, Tom Woodruff Jr., John Richardson (1997) Volker Engel, Patrick Tatopoulos, Karen E. Goulekas, and Clay Pinney (1998) Rob Coleman, John Knoll, Dennis Muren, and Scott Squires (1999) Scott E. Anderson, Craig Hayes, Scott Stokdyk, and Stan Parks (2000) Dennis Muren, Scott Farrar, Stan Winston, Michael Lantieri (2001) Rob Coleman, Pablo Helman, John Knoll, and Ben Snow (2002) Jim Rygiel, Joe Letteri, Randall William Cook, and Alex Funke (2003) John Dykstra, Scott Stokdyk, Anthony LaMolinara, and John Frazier (2004) Joe Letteri, Richard Taylor, Christian Rivers, and Brian Van't Hul (2005) John Knoll, Hal T. Hickel, Charles Gibson, and Allen Hall (2006) Scott Farrar, Scott Benza, Russell Earl, and John Frazier (2007) Nick Davis, Chris Corbould, Timothy Webber, and Paul J. Franklin (2008) Joe Letteri, Stephen Rosenbaum, Richard Baneham, and Andrew R. Jones (2009) Chris Corbould, Andrew Lockley, Paul J. Franklin, and Peter Bebb (2010) Dan Lemmon, Joe Letteri, R. Christopher White, and Daniel Barrett (2011) Janek Sirrs, Jeff White, Guy Williams, and Dan Sudick (2012) Tim Webber, Chris Lawrence, Dave Shirk, and Neil Corbould
Neil Corbould
(2013) Paul J. Franklin, Andrew Lockley, Ian Hunter, and Scott R. Fisher (2014) Roger Guyett, Patrick Tubach, Neal Scanlan, and Chris Corbould (2015) John Knoll, Mohen Leo, Hal Hickel, and Neil Corbould
Neil Corbould
(2016)

Note: The years are listed as per convention, usually the year of film release; the ceremonies are usually held the next year.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 88555803 LCCN: no2009082551 ISNI: 0000 0001 1937 369X SUDOC: 087741407 BNF: cb14012082k (data

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