Phan Văn Khải (About this sound listen; 25 December 1933 – 17 March 2018) was a Vietnamese politician who served as the fifth Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam from 25 September 1997 to 27 June 2006.

Early life and political career

Phan Văn Khải was born on 25 December 1933 near Saigon in French Indochina. Already during his youth he worked in revolutionary organizations. After the end of the first Indochina War and the subsequent partition of the country, Pham Van Khai took the opportunity to emigrate to North Vietnam.[1]

Phan Văn Khải joined the revolution in 1947 and became member of the Communist Party of Vietnam on 15 July 1959.[2]

From 1954 to 1959, he studied and worked on land reform in North Vietnam, he then studied languages, at the University of Economics in Moscow Soviet Union, until 1965.

After the war Phan Văn Khải was temporarily mayor of Ho Chi Minh City. From September 24, 1997 to June 24, 2006, he served as Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. He became the first Prime Minister of Vietnam to visit United States, meeting with President George W. Bush. On June 24, 2006, he announced his resignation, along with President Trần Đức Lương.

In the period from 15 December 1998 to 5 November 2001 he also served as chairman of ASEAN.

Phan Văn Khải was considered as a moderate reformer who acted in support of the country's economic opening within the political range of Vietnam.[1][3]

Phan Văn Khải died on 17 March 2018 at his home in Ho Chi Minh City.[4] He was 84.

Personal life

His wife was Nguyễn Thị Sáu, former deputy director of Ho Chi Minh City's Planning and Investment Department. She died in 2012. According to the media, he has a son,[5] and a daughter.[6]


  1. ^ a b Bruce Lockhart, William J. Duiker : Historical Dictionary of Vietnam, 3. Auflage, Oxford, 2006, s. 311–312
  2. ^ COMMITTEE, COMMUNIST PARTY OF VIETNAM CENTRAL. "Special Announcement: Former PM Phan Van Khai passes away". en.dangcongsan.vn (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2018-03-19. 
  3. ^ News, ABC. "Former Vietnam Prime Minister Phan Van Khai dies at 84". ABC News. Retrieved 2018-03-17. 
  4. ^ "Former Vietnam Prime Minister Phan Van Khai Dies at 84". The New York Times. 17 March 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018. 
  5. ^ ZING.VN (2018-03-17). "Người dân đến nhà viếng cố Thủ tướng Phan Văn Khải từ sớm". ZING.VN (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2018-03-17. 
  6. ^ Eva.vn. "Nguyên Thủ tướng Phan Văn Khải và những ngày tháng đằng đẵng chữa bệnh cho con" (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2018-03-17. 

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Võ Văn Kiệt
Prime Minister of Vietnam
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Tấn Dũng