Phan Khắc Sửu (1893 or 9 January 1905 – 24 May 1970) was Head of State of South Vietnam from 1964–65.[1][2]


He was a trained agricultural engineer and was a founding member of the Cao Đài religion. He was a member of Emperor Bảo Đại’s political cabinet. Under President Ngô Đình Diệm’s rule, he was briefly jailed for mild dissidence but then released early when Diệm was assassinated. In the South Vietnamese presidential election, 1967, Phan finished third with 513,374 votes (10.8%).[3][4]


  1. ^ Công Luận Nguyễn, Nationalist in the Viet Nam Wars: Memoirs of a Victim Turned Soldier 2012 "Phan Huy Quát, the premier, and Phan Khắc Sửu, the chief of state, the two respectable national celebrities, failed to restore national stability and resigned, surrendering ruling power to a military junta."
  2. ^ Robert Trando Letters of a Vietnamese Émigre - 2010 -Page 91 "Dr. Quát became premier minister under Chief of State Phan-Khắc Sửu. Anyhow, very soon an irremediable rift arose between the two due to the difficult demands of the separatist southerner Sửu."
  3. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p331 ISBN 0-19-924959-8
  4. ^ Ngọc Huy Nguŷẽn Political parties in Vietnam 197? - Page 15 "Party founded by former Chief of State Phan Khắc Sửu with Mr. Nguyễn Thành Vinh as Secretary General."
Political offices
Preceded by
Nguyễn Khánh
Chief of State of the Republic of Vietnam
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Văn Thiệu