In critical theory and deconstruction , PHALLOGOCENTRISM is a neologism coined by Jacques Derrida to refer to the privileging of the masculine (phallus ) in the construction of meaning. The word is a portmanteau of the older terms phallocentrism (focusing on the masculine point of view) and logocentrism (focusing on language in assigning meaning to the world).
Derrida and others identified phonocentrism , or the prioritizing of speech over writing, as an integral part of phallogocentrism. Derrida explored this idea in his essay "Plato's Pharmacy".
* 1 Background * 2 See also * 3 Notes * 4 External links
In contemporary literary and philosophical works concerned with
gender, the term "phallogocentrism" is commonplace largely as a result
of the writings of Jacques Derrida, the founder of the philosophy of
deconstruction, which is considered by many academics to constitute an
essential part of the discourse of postmodernism.
The phallogocentric argument is premised on the claim that modern
The French feminist thinkers of the school of écriture féminine also share Derrida's phallogocentric reading of 'all of Western metaphysics'. For example, Catherine Clément and Hélène Cixous in "The Newly Born Woman" (1975) decry the "dual, hierarchical oppositions" set up by the traditional phallogocentric philosophy of determinateness, wherein "death is always at work" as "the premise of woman's abasement", woman who has been "colonized" by phallogocentric thinking. According to Cixous and Clément, the 'crumbling' of this way of thinking will take place through a Derridean-inspired, anti-phallo/logocentric philosophy of indeterminateness.
* ^ Hélène Cixous and Catherine Clément, "The Newly Born Woman", trans. Betsy Wang. Theory and History of Literature, Volume 24 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1986), p. 65.