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Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
(Lao: ທາດຫຼວງ, IPA: [tʰâːt lwǎːŋ] 'Great Stupa') is a gold-covered large Buddhist
Buddhist
stupa in the centre of the city of Vientiane, Laos.[1] Since its initial establishment, suggested to be in the 3rd century, the stupa has undergone several reconstructions as recently as the 1930s due to foreign invasions of the area. It is generally regarded as the most important national monument in Laos
Laos
and a national symbol.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Architecture 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
and its situation in Vientiane

Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
according to the Lao people was originally built as a Hindu
Hindu
temple in the 1st century. Buddhist
Buddhist
missionaries from the Mauryan Empire
Mauryan Empire
are believed to have been sent by the Emperor Ashoka, including Bury Chan or Praya Chanthabury Pasithisak and five Arahata monks who brought a holy relic (believed to be the breastbone) of Lord Buddha
Buddha
to the stupa.[2] It was rebuilt in the 13th century as a Khmer temple which fell into ruin. In the mid-16th century, King Setthathirat
Setthathirat
relocated his capital from Luang Prabang
Luang Prabang
to Vientiane
Vientiane
and ordered the construction of Pha That Luang in 1566.[3] It was rebuilt about 4 km from the centre of Vientiane
Vientiane
at the end of Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
Road and named Pha That Luang.[2] The bases had a length of 69 metres each and was 45 metres high, and was surrounded by 30 small Stupas.[2] In 1641, a Dutch envoy of the Dutch East India Company, Gerrit van Wuysoff, visited Vientiane
Vientiane
and was received by King Sourigna Vongsa at the temple, where he was, reportedly, received in a magnificent ceremony. He wrote that he was particularly impressed by the "enormous pyramid and the top was covered with gold leaf weighing about a thousand pounds".[4] However, the stupa was repeatedly plundered by the Burmese, Siamese and Chinese.[3] Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
was destroyed by the Thai invasion in 1828, which left it heavily damaged and abandoned. It was not until 1900 that the French restored to its original design based on the detailed drawings from 1867 by the French architect and explorer Louis Delaporte.[3] However the first attempt to restore it was unsuccessful and it had to be redesigned and then reconstructed in the 1930s.[3] During the Franco-Thai War, Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
was heavily damaged during a Thai air raid. After the end of World War II, the Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
was reconstructed. Architecture[edit]

King Jayavarman VII
Jayavarman VII
of the Khmer Empire.

The architecture of the building includes many references to Lao culture and identity, and so has become a symbol of Lao nationalism. The stupa today consists of three levels, each conveying a reflection of part of the Buddhist
Buddhist
doctrine. The first level is 223 feet (67 metres) by 226 feet (68 metres), the second is 157 feet (47 metres) along each side and the third level is 98 feet (29 metres) along each side.[3] From ground to pinnacle, the Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
is 147.6 feet (44 metres) high.[3]

The area around Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
is now gated, to keep traffic out. Previously visitors could drive around the whole complex. The encircling walls are roughly 279 feet (85 metres) long on each side and contain a large number of Lao and Khmer sculptures including one of Jayavarman VII.[3]

Gallery[edit]

Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
stupa

View of the stupa inside the temple

The national symbol of Laos
Laos
at sunset

The naga inside the temple

Thatluang Festival (2010)

Thatluang Festival (2010)

That Luang stupa of night

That Luang

See also[edit]

List of city squares by size

References[edit]

^ Foreman, William (2004-12-28). "Laos: A day in Vientiane
Vientiane
is full of temples, colonial architecture and surprises". USA Today / AP. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ a b c d "Half Day Tour In Vientiane". Lasi Global. May 1, 2009. Retrieved September 26, 2009.  ^ a b c d e f g " Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
(built 1566, reconstructed 1930)". Asian Historical Architecture. Retrieved September 26, 2009.  ^ Cummings, J., Burke, A (1994). Lonely Planet
Lonely Planet
Country Guides:Laos. Lonely Planet. p. 70. ISBN 1-74104-086-8. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

External links[edit] Media related to Pha That Luang
Pha That Luang
at Wikimedia Commons Coordinates: 17°58′34.20″N 102°38′03.30″E / 17.9761667°N 102.6342500°E / 17.97

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