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The Petronas
Petronas
Towers, also known as the Petronas
Petronas
Twin Towers (Malay: Menara Petronas, or Menara Berkembar Petronas), are twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. According to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)'s official definition and ranking, they were the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 to 2004 and remain the tallest twin towers in the world. The buildings are a landmark of Kuala Lumpur, along with nearby Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Tower.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Notable events

2 Anchor tenants 3 Features

3.1 Suria KLCC 3.2 KLCC Park 3.3 Skybridge 3.4 Lift system 3.5 Service building 3.6 Ticketing system

4 In popular culture 5 Photo gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] The towers were designed by Argentine architect Cesar Pelli. A distinctive postmodern style was chosen to create a 21st-century icon for Kuala Lumpur. Planning on the Petronas
Petronas
Towers started on 1 January 1992 and included rigorous tests and simulations of wind and structural loads on the design. Seven years of construction followed at the former site of the original Selangor
Selangor
Turf Club, beginning on 1 March 1993 with excavation, which involved moving 500 truckloads of earth every night to dig down 30 metres (98 ft) below the surface. The construction of the superstructure commenced on 1 April 1994. Interiors with furniture were completed on 1 January 1996, the spires of Tower 1 and Tower 2 were completed on 1 March 1996, 3 years after its construction was started, and the first batch of Petronas personnel moved into the building on 1 January 1997. The building was officially opened by the Prime Minister of Malaysia's Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad on 1 August 1999.[7] The twin towers were built on the site of Kuala Lumpur's race track.[8] Test boreholes found that the original construction site effectively sat on the edge of a cliff. One half of the site was decayed limestone while the other half was soft rock. The entire site was moved 61 metres (200 ft) to allow the buildings to sit entirely on the soft rock.[9] Because of the depth of the bedrock, the buildings were built on the world's deepest foundations.[10] 104 concrete piles, ranging from 60 to 114 metres (197 to 374 ft) deep, were bored into the ground. The concrete raft foundation, comprising 13,200 cubic metres (470,000 cu ft) of concrete was continuously poured through a period of 54 hours for each tower. The raft is 4.6 metres (15 ft) thick, weighs 32,500 tonnes (35,800 tons) and held the world record for the largest concrete pour until 2007.[9] The foundations were completed within 12 months by Bachy Soletanche and required massive amounts of concrete.[11] The Petronas
Petronas
Towers' structural system is a tube in tube design, invented by Fazlur Rahman Khan.[12][13] Applying a tube-structure for extreme tall buildings is a common phenomenon.[14][15][1] The 88-floor towers are constructed largely of reinforced concrete, with a steel and glass facade designed to resemble motifs found in Islamic art, a reflection of Malaysia's Muslim
Muslim
religion.[16] Another Islamic influence on the design is that the cross section of the towers is based on a Rub el Hizb, albeit with circular sectors added to meet office space requirements.[17] As a result of the Malaysian government specifying that the buildings be completed in six years, two construction consortiums were hired to meet the deadline, one for each tower. Tower 1, the west tower (left in the top-right photograph) was built by a Japanese consortium led by the Hazama Corporation
Hazama Corporation
(JA Jones Construction Co., MMC Engineering Services Sdn Bhd, Ho Hup Construction Co. Bhd and Mitsubishi Corp) while Tower 2, the east tower (right in the top-right photograph) was built by a South Korean consortium led by the Samsung C&T Corporation (Kukdong Engineering & Construction and Syarikat Jasatera Sdn Bhd). Ekovest Berhad, with Tan Sri Datuk Lim Kang Hoo at its helm also played an integral role in the construction as well as final fit outs of the towers and the shopping mall below the towers (Suria KLCC). Early into construction a batch of concrete failed a routine strength test causing construction to come to a complete halt. All the completed floors were tested but it was found that only one had used a bad batch and it was demolished. As a result of the concrete failure, each new batch was tested before being poured. The halt in construction had cost US$700,000 per day and led to three separate concrete plants being set up on the site to ensure that if one produced a bad batch, the other two could continue to supply concrete. The sky bridge contract was completed by Kukdong Engineering & Construction. Tower 1 became the first to reach the world's tallest building at the time. However, when the structure reached about 72nd floor, Tower 2 (Samsung C&T) ran into problems.[18] [19] [20]They discovered the structure was leaning 25 millimetres (0.98 in) off of vertical. To correct the lean, the next 16 floors were slanted back 20 millimetres (0.79 in) with specialist surveyors hired to check verticality twice a day until the building's completion.[9] Due to the huge cost of importing steel, the towers were constructed on a cheaper radical design of super high-strength reinforced concrete.[21] High-strength concrete is a material familiar to Asian contractors and twice as effective as steel in sway reduction; however, it makes the building twice as heavy on its foundation as a comparable steel building. Supported by 23-by-23 metre concrete cores[22] and an outer ring of widely spaced super columns, the towers use a sophisticated structural system that accommodates its slender profile and provides 560,000 square metres of column-free office space.[23] Below the twin towers is Suria KLCC, a shopping mall, and Dewan Filharmonik Petronas, the home of the Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra. Notable events[edit]

The Petronas
Petronas
Towers from their bases.

Night View of Petronas
Petronas
Twin Tower

On 15 April 1999, Felix Baumgartner
Felix Baumgartner
set the world record for BASE jumping (since broken) by jumping off a window cleaning crane on the Petronas
Petronas
Towers.[24][25] Thousands of people were evacuated on 12 September 2001 after a bomb threat the day after the September 11 attacks
September 11 attacks
destroyed the World Trade Center towers in New York City. Bomb Disposal squads found no bomb in the Petronas
Petronas
towers but they evacuated everyone. Workers and shoppers were allowed to return three hours later, around noon. No one was hurt during the evacuation.[26] On the evening of 4 November 2005, a fire broke out in the cinema complex of the Suria KLCC
Suria KLCC
shopping centre below the Petronas
Petronas
Towers, triggering panic among patrons. There were no reports of injuries. The buildings were largely empty, except the shopping mall, Suria KLCC, because of the late hour; the only people involved were moviegoers and some diners in restaurants.[27] On the morning of 1 September 2009, French urban climber Alain "Spiderman" Robert, using only his bare hands and feet and with no safety devices, scaled to the top of Tower Two in just under 2 hours after two previous efforts had ended in arrest.[28] In his first attempt on 20 March 1997, police arrested him at the 60th floor, 28 floors away from the "summit". The second attempt on 20 March 2007, exactly 10 years later, was also stopped on the same floor, though on the other tower.[29]

Anchor tenants[edit] Tower One is fully occupied by Petronas
Petronas
and a number of its subsidiaries and associate companies, while the office spaces in Tower Two are mostly available for lease to other companies.[30] A number of companies have offices in Tower Two, including Huawei Technologies, AVEVA, Al Jazeera English, Carigali Hess, Bloomberg, Boeing, IBM, Khazanah Nasional Berhad, McKinsey & Co, WIPRO Limited, TCS, HCL Technologies, Krawler, Microsoft, The Agency (a modelling company) and Reuters.

Inside View of Suria KLCC
Suria KLCC
Shopping Centre

Features[edit] Suria KLCC[edit] Main article: Suria KLCC

Inside the Suria KLCC

Entrance of Suria KLCC

Suria KLCC
Suria KLCC
is a 140,000 m2 (1,500,000 sq ft) upmarket retail center at the feet of the Petronas
Petronas
Towers. It features mostly foreign luxury goods and high-street labels. Its attractions include an art gallery, an underwater aquarium and also a Science center. Boasting approximately 300 stores, Suria KLCC
Suria KLCC
is touted as one of the largest shopping malls in Malaysia.[31] The Petronas
Petronas
Philharmonic Hall, also built at the base of the towers, is frequently associated with Suria KLCC's floorspace. KLCC Park[edit] Main article: KLCC Park

KLCC Park

Spanning 17 acres (6.9 ha) below the building is the KLCC Park with jogging and walking paths, a fountain with incorporated light show, wading pools, and a children's playground. Skybridge[edit]

A skybridge connects the two towers

An inside view of the skybridge

View to the northwest from the Petronas
Petronas
Towers skybridge, including the shadow of Tower 1 and the skybridge, and the Public Bank Berhad building

One of the Petronas
Petronas
Towers spires

Inside View of Festival Time at Petronas
Petronas
Twin Tower

The towers feature a double decker skybridge connecting the two towers on the 41st and 42nd floors, which is the highest 2-story bridge in the world.[32] It is not attached to the main structure, but is instead designed to slide in and out of the towers to prevent it from breaking,[33] as the towers sway several feet[specify] in towards and away from each other during high winds. It also provides some structural support to the towers in these occasions. The bridge is 170 m (558 ft) above the ground and 58.4 m (192 ft) long, weighing 750 tons.[34] The same floor is also known as the podium, since visitors going to higher levels have to change elevators here. The skybridge is open to all visitors, but tickets are limited to about 1000 people per day, and must be obtained on a first-come, first-served basis. Initially, the visit was free but in 2010, the tickets started being sold by Petronas. Visitors can choose to opt for package one which is just a visit to the skybridge or go for package two to go to the skybridge and all the way to level 86.[35] Visitors are only allowed on the 41st floor as the 42nd floor can only be used by the tenants of the building.[36] The skybridge also acts as a safety device, so that in the event of a fire or other emergency in one tower, tenants can evacuate by crossing the skybridge to the other tower.[37] The total evacuation triggered by a bomb hoax on 12 September 2001 (the day after the September 11 attacks destroyed the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City) showed that the bridge would not be useful if both towers need to be emptied simultaneously, as the capacity of the staircases was insufficient for such an event.[38] Plans thus call for the lifts to be used if both towers need to be evacuated, and a successful drill following the revised plan was conducted in 2005. There is a two hinged arch that supports the skybridge with arch legs, each 51 metres (167 ft) long, that are bolted to level 29 of each of the towers.[39] After being constructed on the ground, the skybridge was lifted into place on the towers over a period of three days[40] in July 1995.[39] Instead of being directly connected to the towers, the skybridge can shift or slide in and out of them to counterbalance any effect from the wind. Residing on the 41st and 42nd floors, the skybridge connects a conference room, an executive dining room and a prayer room.[40] Lift system[edit] The main bank of Otis Lifts is located in the centre of each tower. All main lifts are double-decker with the lower deck of the lift taking passengers to even-numbered floors and upper deck to odd-numbered floors. To reach an odd-numbered floor from ground level, passengers must take an escalator to the upper deck of the lift.[41] There are 29 double-deck passenger elevators, but there are different sets that service certain floors of the towers, specifically two sets of six of these double-deck passenger elevators to floors 1–23 and 1–37 respectively. Another set of 5 passenger lifts transport passengers to the 41st and 42nd floors where they can switch lifts to reach the upper zones of the buildings, each double-deck passenger lift with the capacity of 52 passengers or, 26 passengers per deck. There are also 6 heavy-duty elevators for utility. Service building[edit] The service building is to the east of the Petronas
Petronas
Towers and contains the chiller plant system and the cooling towers to keep the Petronas
Petronas
Towers cool and comfortable. Ticketing system[edit] In order to visit Petronas
Petronas
towers, visitors must first purchase tickets. Tickets can be purchased online or at the counter. Discounted tickets for seniors are available for those 55 years of age and above. Queues for tickets can get quite long sometimes. The complete ticketing system is provided by the Malaysian-based Longbow Technologies Sdn Bhd. In popular culture[edit]

The towers are prominently featured and mentioned by name in the 1999 film Entrapment, with numerous scenes filmed at the towers, with the climax set on the skybridge. CGI was used to add slums to the bottom of the towers. [42] The Towers appear in the first episode of the US TV series 24. Several scenes of the Bollywood
Bollywood
film Don: The Chase Begins Again were also filmed in the Petronas
Petronas
Towers and its skybridge. In Part 1 of the Phineas and Ferb
Phineas and Ferb
episode " Phineas and Ferb
Phineas and Ferb
Save Summer!", the towers are visible during the musical number "Summer All Over the World".[43] Eidos Interactive
Eidos Interactive
has twice used the towers for inspiration in their video games. In the 2002 Hitman 2: Silent Assassin, the Malaysia-based levels Basement Killing, The Graveyard Shift, and The Jacuzzi Job all take place in the Petronas
Petronas
Towers.[44] In 2010's Just Cause 2, the fictional Panau Falls Casino is based on the Petronas
Petronas
Towers. A 2002 episode of the animated series Jackie Chan Adventures
Jackie Chan Adventures
titled "When Pigs Fly" (Season 3, Episode 6), features the towers. The towers made its appearance, in the animated series Totally Spies episode titled "Man or Machine". The opening of the 2010 film Fair Game had scenes with the twin towers along with the skyline of Kuala Lumpur. A number of scenes for the 2012 Hong Kong-Chinese action film Viral Factor included shots of the twin towers. In the 2016 film Independence Day Resurgence, the towers are seen falling onto the London
London
Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge
by aliens, with a character commenting: "They like to get the landmarks".

Photo gallery[edit]

KLCC Petronas
Petronas
Towers

The Petronas
Petronas
Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
(Malaysia)

At night from 29th floor of Traders Hotel

The Petronas
Petronas
Towers in Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
at night

Another view of The Petronas
Petronas
Towers at night

Looking up from the base at night with a large Malaysian flag

Petronas
Petronas
Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Malaysia
at sunset

Petronas
Petronas
towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Malaysia
(looking up)

Night Twinkling image of the Petronas
Petronas
Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Taken from behind

Petronas
Petronas
Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

See also[edit]

Malaysia
Malaysia
portal Architecture portal

Menara Telekom Vanity height List of skyscrapers List of tallest buildings
List of tallest buildings
in Kuala Lumpur List of tallest buildings
List of tallest buildings
and structures in the world List of tallest freestanding structures in the world Skyscraper
Skyscraper
Index List of tallest buildings
List of tallest buildings
in Malaysia Merdeka PNB 118 The Exchange 106

References[edit]

^ www.edition.cnn.com. ^ a b c d e f g " Petronas
Petronas
Towers – The Skyscraper
Skyscraper
Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Archived from the original on 24 May 2012.  ^ Petronas
Petronas
Towers at Emporis ^ Petronas
Petronas
Towers at Glass Steel and Stone ^ " Petronas
Petronas
Towers". SkyscraperPage.  ^ Petronas
Petronas
Towers at Structurae ^ Sebestyén, Gyula (1998). Construction: Craft to Industry. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 205. ISBN 978-0-419-20920-1.  ^ Žaknić, Ivan; Smith, Matthew; Rice, Doleres B. (1998). 100 of the World's Tallest Buildings. Mulgrave, Victoria: Images Publishing. p. 208. ISBN 978-1-875498-32-1. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ a b c National Geographic Channel International / Caroline Anstey (2005), Megastructures: Petronas
Petronas
Twin Towers ^ Baker, Clyde N., Jr.; Drumwright, Elliott; Joseph, Leonard; Azam, Tarique (November 1996). "The Taller the Deeper". Civil Engineering. ASCE. 66 (11): 3A–6A. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Admin. (18 March 2010). "Detailed Structural Analysis". The Petronas Towers. Archived from the original on 1 November 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2011.  ^ http://www.ctbuh.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=rlKQFdZyhwg%3D&tabid=1108&language=en-GB ^ "Structures in the New Millennium".  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.  ^ "know about". Constructing world.  ^ Wee, C. J. Wan-Ling, April Stonghold, James Parpan Almeda (2002). Local cultures and the "new Asia": the state, culture, and capitalism in Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 193. ^ Moskal, Greg (2004). Modern Buildings: Identifying Bilateral and Rotational Symmetry. New York: Rosen Classroom. p. 28. ISBN 0-8239-8989-5.  ^ "ペトロナスツインタワーは傾きが話題の夜景スポット!予約方法・料金情報も紹介! 旅行ガイドTravelNote[トラベルノート]". TravelNote (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-04-07.  ^ "Twitter". mobile.twitter.com. Retrieved 2018-04-07.  ^ "「昼は2本、 夜は1本?」ペトロナス・ツインタワー - 胡乱(うろん)な日々". 胡乱(うろん)な日々 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-04-07.  ^ Wells, Matthew (2005). Skyscrapers: structure and design. Laurence King Publishing. p. 170. ^ "Information Malaysia." (2005). Berita Publ. Sdn. Bhd. ^ Taranath, Bungale S. (2004). Wind and earthquake resistant buildings: structural analysis and design. CRC Press. p. 748. ^ Crerar, Simon (15 October 2012). "Planes, caves and skyscrapers among fearless skydiver Felix Baumgartner's fabulous feats". heraldsun.com.au. Herald Sun. Retrieved 21 October 2012.  ^ " Petronas
Petronas
Towers (451 Meters), Malaysia". felixbaumgartner.com. Felix Baumgartner. Archived from the original on 22 September 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2012.  ^ Sean Yoong (12 September 2001). "World's tallest towers, IBM building in Malaysia
Malaysia
evacuated after threats". The Avalanche Journal. Retrieved 11 January 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ "Fire Forces Evacuation at Malaysia
Malaysia
Towers". CBS News. 4 November 2005. Retrieved 11 January 2011.  ^ staff writers (1 September 2009). "'Spiderman' scales Malaysia tower". BBC News. Retrieved 11 January 2011.  ^ St (20 March 2007). "'Spiderman' has another go at Twin Tower". The Star. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2011.  ^ Sheela Chandran (25 August 2005). "Documentary on the Petronas
Petronas
Twin Towers". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 2 December 2010.  ^ de Ledesma, Charles; Lewis, Mark; Savage, Pauline (2003). Rough guide to Malaysia, Singapore & Brunei. New York; London; Delphi: Rough Guides. p. 132. ISBN 1-84353-094-5. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Frankham, Steve (2008). Malaysia
Malaysia
and Singapore. Bath: Footprint Travel Guides. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-906098-11-7.  ^ Moskal, Greg (2004). Modern Buildings: Identifying Bilateral and Rotational Symmetry.i Rosen Classroom. p. 26. ^ Chang, Fu-Kuo (2005). Structural health monitoring, 2005: advancements and challenges for implementation. Lancaster, PA: DEStech Publications. p. 270. ISBN 1-932078-51-7.  ^ "The Petronas
Petronas
Towers Skybridge". The Petronas
Petronas
Towers. 25 October 2010. Archived from the original on 7 November 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2010.  ^ Rowthorn, Chris; Cohen, Muhammad; Williams, China (2008). Lonely Planet Borneo. Lonely Planet. p. 71. ^ Wood, A.; Chow, W. K.; McGrail, D. (2005). "The Skybridge
Skybridge
as an Evacuation Option for Tall Buildings for Highrise Cities in the Far East". Journal of Applied Fire Science. 13 (2): 113–124. doi:10.2190/1417-hh0k-1w74-170r. [permanent dead link] ^ World's Tallest Towers in Malaysia
Malaysia
Evacuated After Threats. People's Daily. 12 September 2001. ^ a b "The PETRONAS Twin Towers Official Website". PETRONAS Twin Towers. Retrieved 29 March 2012.  ^ a b Wheeler, Mark (May 1996). "The World's Tallest Building". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 29 March 2012.  ^ " Petronas
Petronas
Towers Lift System". The Petronas
Petronas
Towers. 25 October 2010. Archived from the original on 7 November 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2010.  ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/375244.stm ^ List of Phineas and Ferb
Phineas and Ferb
songs#Season Four ^ " Hitman 2
Hitman 2
Silent Assassin Prima Official eGuide". Scribd.com. 26 December 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petronas
Petronas
Towers.

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Petronas
Twin Towersat's sister projects

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Petronas
Petronas
Towers official website Petronas
Petronas
Tower 1 on CTBUH
CTBUH
Skyscraper
Skyscraper
Center Petronas
Petronas
Tower 2 on CTBUH
CTBUH
Skyscraper
Skyscraper
Center Petronas
Petronas
Towers at Structurae Introduction and Overview of the Petronas
Petronas
Towers

Records

Preceded by Willis Tower World's tallest building architectural element 452.0 m (1,482.9 ft) 1998–2003 Succeeded by Taipei 101

Preceded by World Trade Center World's tallest twin towers 452.0 m (1,482.9 ft) 1998–Present Succeeded by incumbent

v t e

Skyscrapers in Malaysia

Completed

Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur

Berjaya Times Square Citibank Tower Dayabumi Complex Empire Tower Exchange Square Faber Towers Grand Hyatt Kuala Lumpur Great Eastern Tower Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Tower Maxis Tower Maybank Tower Petronas
Petronas
Towers Petronas
Petronas
Tower 3 Pavilion Kuala Lumpur Telekom Tower

Selangor
Selangor

MBPJ Tower Mesiniaga Tower Plaza Perangsang

Penang
Penang

8 Gurney Arte S BHL Tower Gurney Paragon Gurney Resort Hotel Komtar Mansion One MBf Tower Millennium Tower Setia V SUNTECH Tower The Cove The Maritime Suites

Johor
Johor

Johor
Johor
Bahru City Square Muar Trade Centre MSC Cyberport Tower

Kedah
Kedah

Alor Setar Tower

Sabah
Sabah

1Borneo Hypermall Bay 21 Jesselton Residences Petronas
Petronas
Office Tower Plaza Shell Sabah
Sabah
State Administrative Centre Tun Mustapha Tower

Sarawak
Sarawak

Wisma Bapa Malaysia Wisma Sanyan

Under construction

Aeropod IB Tower Jesselton Quay KL118 Kota Kinabalu City Waterfront Kota Kinabalu Convention City One Jesselton Waterfront PacifiCity Tanjung Aru Eco Development The Exchange 106

Construction suspended

1Sulaman Plaza Rakyat

Proposed

Tradewinds Square

Demolished

Jaya Supermarket Pekeliling Flats Suleiman Courts Tun Razak Tower

v t e

MSC Malaysia

Headquarters

Cyberjaya

Area coverage

Klang Valley

Landmarks

Petronas
Petronas
Towers Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Tower Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Sentral Technology Park Malaysia Putrajaya Cyberjaya Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
International Airport SUNTECH Tower i-City

Infrastructures

Express Rail Link Maju Expressway
Maju Expressway
(MEX)

KL-KLIA Dedicated Expressway

Total Airport Management Systems

Applications

e-Government MyKad

Companies

Asia Media Astro Holdings Sdn Bhd

Astro

MYTV Broadcasting

v t e

Supertall skyscrapers

Current

North America

432 Park Avenue 875 North Michigan Avenue Aon Center Bank of America Plaza Bank of America Tower Chrysler Building Empire State Building Franklin Center JPMorgan Chase Tower One World Trade Center One57 Salesforce Tower The New York Times Building Trump International Hotel and Tower Two Prudential Plaza U.S. Bank Tower Wells Fargo Plaza Willis Tower Wilshire Grand Center

South America

Gran Torre Santiago

Asia

23 Marina 85 Sky Tower Abenobashi Terminal Building
Abenobashi Terminal Building
Skyscraper
Skyscraper
(Abeno Harukas) Abraj Al Bait The Address Downtown Dubai ADNOC Headquarters Al Hamra Tower Almas Tower Arraya Tower Aspire Tower Baiyoke Tower II Bank of China Tower Burj Al Arab Burj Khalifa Cayan Tower The Center Central Plaza Chang Fu Jin Mao Tower China World Trade Center Tower III Chongqing IFS T1 Chongqing World Financial Center CITIC Plaza Diwang International Fortune Center East Pacific Center Elite Residence Emirates Office Tower Etihad Towers Eton Place Dalian Fortune Center Gate to the East Grand Hyatt Manila Greenland Puli Center Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre Guangzhou International Finance Center Haeundae Doosan We've the Zenith HHHR Tower The Index International Commerce Centre International Finance Centre Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza Jin Mao Tower Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel JW Marriott Marquis Dubai Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower Kingdom Centre KK100 The Landmark Leatop Plaza Longxi International Hotel Lotte World Tower MahaNakhon The Marina Torch Minsheng Bank Building Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre
Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre
Tower 1 Nina Tower Northeast Asia Trade Tower Ocean Heights Pearl River Tower Petronas
Petronas
Towers Ping An Finance Centre The Pinnacle Princess Tower Rose Tower Shanghai Tower Shanghai World Financial Center Shimao International Plaza Shun Hing Square Suning Plaza 1, Wuxi Taipei 101 Telekom Tower Tianjin World Financial Center Wanda Plaza Wenzhou World Trade Center The Wharf Times Square White Magnolia Plaza World Trade Center Abu Dhabi Wuxi Maoye City - Marriott Hotel Zhongzhou Holdings Financial Center Zhuhai St. Regis Hotel & Office Tower Zifeng Tower

Europe

City of Capitals Eurasia Federation Tower Mercury City Tower OKO Tower The Shard

Australia

Q1

Under construction

North America

3 Hudson Boulevard 3 World Trade Center 9 DeKalb Avenue 30 Hudson Yards 35 Hudson Yards 45 Broad Street 50 Hudson Yards 53W53 125 Greenwich Street Central Park Tower Comcast Technology Center Manhattan West
Manhattan West
Tower 1 One Vanderbilt The Steinway Tower Vista Tower

Asia

China

Baoneng Center Baoneng Shenyang Global Financial Center Changsha A9 Financial District Changsha IFS Tower T1 Chengdu Greenland Tower China Resources Centre Block A China Resources Headquarters Chongqing Corporate Avenue 1 Concord International Centre Dalian Greenland Center Dalian International Trade Center Deji Plaza Dongguan International Trade Center 1 Eye of Spring Trade Center Gemdale Gangxia Tower 1 Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower A Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower B Goldin Finance 117 Greenland Group Suzhou Center Guangxi Finance Plaza Haikou Tower Hanking Center Heartland 66 Office Tower Hon Kwok City Center Huaguoyuan Tower 1 Huaguoyuan Tower 2 Jin Wan Plaza 1 Jinan Center Financial City Logan Century Center 1 Mandarin Oriental Chengdu Nanjing Olympic Suning Tower Nanjing World Trade Center Tower 1 Ningbo Center One Shenzhen Bay Phoenix Towers Rose Rock International Finance Center Runhua Global Center 1 Shenglong Global Center Shimao Hunan Center Shum Yip Upperhills Tower 1 South Asian Gate Spring City 66 Suning Plaza Tower 1, Zhenjiang Suzhou IFS Suzhou Zhongnan Center Tianjin Chow Tai Fook Binhai Center Tianjin Modern City Office Tower Tianjin R&F Guangdong Tower Wuhan Center Wuhan Greenland Center Xiamen International Centre Yantai Shimao No.1 The Harbour Yuexiu Fortune Center
Fortune Center
Tower 1 Zhujiang New City Tower

India

DB Crown Lokhandwala Minerva Namaste Tower Palais Royale Three Sixty West World One

Saudi Arabia

Capital Market Authority Headquarters Diamond Tower Jeddah Tower Lamar Towers

South Korea

LCT Landmark Tower LCT Residential Tower A LCT Residential Tower B Parc1 Tower

UAE

Address Boulevard Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower DAMAC Residenze Dubai Pearl Marina 101 Marina 106 The Skyscraper

other

Abu Dhabi Plaza The Exchange 106 Gate of Kuwait Gate of Taipei Iconic Towers Merdeka PNB 118 Pertamina Energy Tower Ryugyong Hotel The Stratford Residences VietinBank Business Center Office Tower Vincom Landmark 81

Europe

Lakhta Center

Australia

Australia 108

Construction delayed or suspended

Al Quds Endowment Tower Barwa Tower Burj Al Alam Busan Lotte Town Tower Doha Tower and Convention Center Dubai Towers Doha Forum 66 India Tower JW Marriott International Finance Centre Lighthouse Tower Millennium Tower Orchid Heights Pentominium The Pinnacle Plaza Rakyat Qatar National Bank Tower Signature Tower Jakarta Sino-Steel Tower Skycity Square Capital Tower Tameer Commercial Tower Tour Financial Hub Center Two World Trade Center

Former

World Trade Center (1973–2001)

See also Proposed supertall skyscrapers List of architects of supertall buildings

v t e

KLCC Vicinity

Petronas
Petronas
Towers

Petronas
Petronas
Filharmonik Hall Petronas
Petronas
Towers Suria KLCC

Surrounding areas

Aquaria KLCC Avenue K Carigali Tower ExxonMobil Tower KLCC Park Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Convention Centre Lot D1 Lot K Mandarin Oriental Hotel Kuala Lumpur Maxis Tower The Binjai on the Park Traders Hotel KLCC

Infrastructures

As Syakirin Mosque KLCC District Cooling KLCC LRT station KLC

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