PETER OLUF BRøNDSTED (17 November 1780 – 26 June 1842), Danish
archaeologist and traveller.
Brøndsted was born at Fruering in
Jutland . After studying at the
University of Copenhagen (initially majoring in theology but moving to
philology from 1802 onwards) he visited Paris in 1806 with his friend
Georg Koës . After remaining there two years, they went together to
Italy. Both were zealously attached to the study of antiquities and
the tastes and interests they held in common led them, in 1810, to
join an expedition to
Greece with Otto Magnus von Stackelberg , Carl
Haller von Hallerstein , the German painter
Jakob Linckh , and the
then Austrian consul in
Greece George Christian Gropius .
Unexpectedly, the following year, Koës died on
Zante at the age of 29
of pneumonia. The group went its separate ways in order to carry out
excavations at different places. Whilst one uncovered the Temple of
Aegina and the temple of
Brøndsted and Linckh in the winter of 1811/12 led the excavations of
the shrine of
Kea . Brøndsted was the first
Dane who was involved in archeological work in Greece.
After three years of active researches in Greece, Brøndsted returned
to Copenhagen in 1813, where, as a reward for his labours, he was
appointed extraordinary professor of Greek and philology in the
university. He married Frederikke, Koës's sister, who died after the
birth of their third child. During these years, Brøndsted gathered
and organized the notes and materials he had brought out of Greece.
His lectures awakened great interest in many students, who even after
his death sent out even more Danish expeditions to the Mediterranean
world under his successor Ussing (Lindos on Rhodos).
However, as he began to arrange and prepare for publication the vast
materials he had collected during his travels, he found that
Copenhagen did not afford him the desired facilities, and so he
exchanged his professorship for the office of Danish envoy at the
papal court in 1818, and took up residence in
Rome . In 1820 and 1821
Sicily and the
Ionian Islands to collect additional
materials for his great work.
In 1826 he went to
London , chiefly with a view to studying the Elgin
Marbles and other remains of antiquity in the
British Museum , and
became acquainted with the principal archaeologists of England. From
1828–1832 he resided in Paris, to superintend the publication of his
Travels, and then returned to Copenhagen on being appointed director
of the museum of antiquities and the collection of coins and medals.
In 1842 he became rector of the university; but a fall from his horse
caused his death on the 26 June.
His principal work was the Travels and Archaeological Researches in
Greece (in German and French, 1826-1830), of which only two volumes
were published, dealing with the island of
Ceos and the metopes of the
* History Seminar (in German)
* This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bröndsted, Peter Oluf".
Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Hans Christian Ørsted
Hans Christian Ørsted RECTOR OF UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGEN
1841-1842 Succeeded by
Carl Emil Scharling
* WorldCat Identities
* VIAF : 64136808
* LCCN : nr96027506
* ISNI : 0000 0000 6635 0186
* GND : 104106549
* SELIBR : 257314
* SUDOC : 055797784
* BNF : cb129612570 (data)
* NKC : jx20081114001